As a network administrator, you spend a lot of time managing user accounts on your network. Microsoft provides some nice GUI tools in Windows NT and Windows 2000 to help you administer your users; however, sometimes these things can be done more efficiently from the command line. In this Daily Feature, I’ll show you how you can administer user accounts from the command line using the Net User command.
Your wish is my command
Let’s face it, GUIs are designed to be easy to use, not necessarily to be efficient. How do you access a user account in Windows NT? Click Start. Click Programs. Click Administrative Tools (Common). Click User Manager For Domains. Click the user. If you want to do anything to the user, keep clicking. Click. Double-click. Right-click. Left-click. Click, click, click. Almost as much clicking as a tap dancer putting on a show. And Windows 2000 isn’t much better.
Fortunately, you can save your clicking finger by taking a quick trip to the command line. That’s only two clicks. Click Start. Click Run. Type cmd and press [Enter].
At the command line you can use one simple command—Net User. The Net User command can do almost all of the same things to users that you can do using the User Manager For Domains in Windows NT or Users And Computers in Windows 2000. Net User works the same way on both Windows NT and Windows 2000.
Casting your net
Although any user can use the Net User command, the user must have Administrator rights in order to do anything to anyone else using the command. Therefore, before you drop to the command prompt to use the command, make sure you’re logged on as Administrator or as a user with Administrator rights.
When you launch the command prompt, type net user and press [Enter]. When you do, you’ll see all of the users on the network.
If you want to view detailed information about an individual user, type net user username and press [Enter]. Just replace username with the name of the user you want information on. When you do, you’ll see a listing on the screen like this:
User name jsheesley
Full Name John Sheesley
Country code 000 (System Default)
Account active Yes
Account expires Never
Password last set 12/19/2000 4:18 PM
Password expires 3/31/2001 3:05 PM
Password changeable 12/19/2000 4:18 PM
Password required Yes
User may change password Yes
Workstations allowed All
Last logon 2/13/2001 11:41 AM
Logon hours allowed All
Local Group Memberships *Administrators *Users
Global Group Memberships *None
The command completed successfully.
Net User includes other command line switches you can use to affect user accounts on your network. When you enter the command in conjunction with the switches, make sure you specify the username you want to affect. To view all of the switches, type net help user and press [Enter]. These switches include:
- Password—This switch changes the user’s password. Type the new password right after the username switch (for example, net user jsheesley MyNewPassword). If you follow the username switch with a space and *, after you press [Enter], Windows will present you with a prompt to enter the password. The password won’t display when you type it at a password prompt.
- /DOMAIN—Performs the operation on a domain controller of the current domain.
- /ADD—Adds a user account to the user accounts database.
- /DELETE—Removes a user account from the user accounts database.
- /ACTIVE:—Type /ACTIVE:YES to activate the account. /ACTIVE:NO deactivates the account.
- /COMMENT:”text”—You can use this command to provide a comment about the user. You can enter up to 48 characters as a description. Make sure you enclose the comment in quotation marks.
- /COUNTRYCODE:—This switch allows you to change the operating system country code for the user. This will cause Windows to implement a language file for a user's help and error messages. A value of 0 signifies the default country code.
- /EXPIRES:—This switch allows you to set an expiration date for the user. You can either enter a date in mm/dd/yyyy format or enter a value of NEVER. NEVER sets no expiration for the account.
- /FULLNAME:"name"—This switch changes the user's full name, not the username. Replace name with the user’s name enclosed in quotation marks.
- /HOMEDIR:pathname—This switch sets the path (pathname) for the user's home directory. The path must already exist for the switch to work properly.
- /PASSWORDCHG:—If you type /PASSWORDCHG:YES, users can change their own passwords. Conversely, setting it to NO disables password changing. The default is YES.
- /PASSWORDREQ:—This switch specifies whether a user account must have a password. The default is YES, but you can type /PASSWORDREQ:NO to disable passwords for the account.
- /PROFILEPATH:pathname—This switch sets a path for the user's logon profile.
- /SCRIPTPATH:pathname—This switch sets the location of the user's logon script.
- /TIMES:—This switch allows you to set the user’s logon hours. If you set the value to ALL, the user can always log on. The syntax is reasonably complicated if you want to set available logon times. Times can only be expressed in one-hour increments. Starting times/days and ending times/days are separated by a dash (-). Days, and times in the same day, are separated by a comma (,). Multiple day/time combinations are separated by a semicolon (;). This might be a setting that would be more efficient using a GUI.
- /USERCOMMENT:"text"—This switch sets the User Comment field shown above. Don’t confuse it with the Comment switch just mentioned.
- /WORKSTATIONS:—This switch allows you to specify workstation names the user can log in from. By default, a user can use any workstation. You can specify this explicitly by following this switch with an asterisk (*). To limit a user, type in individual workstation names. You can enter as many as eight workstation names, separating each one with a comma.
GUIs can be useful to make your job easier, but in the process, they may make you less efficient. You can do some tasks, like administering user accounts, directly from the command line. In this Daily Feature, I showed you how to administer user accounts using the Net User command.
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