Windows Server 2003 introduces the concept of
"roles" to the Windows server world. Out of the box, WS2K3 isn't
able to handle very much because almost everything is locked down
To increase the capabilities of WS2K3, go to
Start | Manage Your Server and add roles to the server as
appropriate. Here's a list of the roles that are available, as well
as a description of some of the services they provide.
Application Server (IIS, ASP.NET): This provides Web
services via Internet Information Server (IIS) 6.0, as well as
other services, such as COM+ and ASP.NET.
DHCP Server: This includes a mechanism that automatically
assigns TCP/IP addressing information to remote clients. It also
supplies clients with other information, such as the address of
WINS servers and NetBIOS configuration parameters.
DNS Server: A DNS server is required in order to run Active
Directory, perform friendly name-to-IP address lookups, and allow
clients to access network and Internet resources. The WS2K3 DNS
service also supports dynamic DNS, so it works seamlessly with
Domain Controller: The domain controller services install
Active Directory, which manages users and computers on the
File Server: One of the most common uses for a file server
is to store files in a central location. In WS2K3, you can use file
services in conjunction with many other services, such as the
Encrypting File System (EFS) for enhanced file security, the
Distributed File Services (DFS) for high availability, and the
Volume Shadow Copy Restore service for real-time backups.
Mail Server: This installs the Internet standard POP3 and
SMTP services on the server, so users and applications can
communicate with one another.
Print Server: Centralizing the printing services is often
one of the first steps organizations take when moving to a network.
WS2K3 includes a mechanism for centrally managing printing
Remote Access/VPN Server: This provides network resource
access to users on the road and in remote offices.
Streaming Media Server: A streaming media server supplies
Windows Media Player streams to remote clients.
Terminal Server: This allows multiuser access to the Windows
server, so users can run applications and administrators can
remotely administer the server.
WINS Server: Similar to DNS, WINS maps NetBIOS names to IP