Networking

Tech Tip: Share files via IIS/Enable RIP on a Win2K router

Windows 2000 Professional: Share files via IIS

Windows 2000 Professional provides peer-to-peer networking to allow users to share files with one another. While it isn't difficult to share or access files across a network, some users have trouble browsing the network to find resources. But these users typically have no problems finding resources with a Web browser.

Internet Information Services (IIS) allows users to share their files and make them accessible from a Web browser. This is also an alternative to using FTP to host files.

The easiest way to share files through IIS is to create a virtual directory for the folder you want to share and configure it for browsing. Follow these steps:

  1. Open the IIS console, right-click Default Web Site, and choose New | Virtual Directory.
  2. Using the Virtual Directory Creation Wizard, enter an alias for the virtual directory. Remote clients use the alias to access the folder. For example, you might use an alias of files, as in www.techrepublic.com/files.
  3. Select the physical directory containing the files you want to share, and click Next.
  4. Select the Browse permission, click Next, and click Finish.
  5. Point a Web browser to http://<server>/<alias>, where <server> is the IP address or host name of the computer, and <alias> is the virtual directory's alias. You should then see a file listing. Clicking a file link should begin a download.

If you need to provide a consistent front end for users who need to access these virtual directories, another option is to create the virtual directories from your intranet Web server and point each virtual directory to the shared folder on each user's computer. Then create a link page on the server that lists each virtual directory, enabling users to simply click the link.

Windows 2000 Server: Enable RIP on a Win2K router

The Windows 2000 Server Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS) enables a Windows server to function as a router and remote access server. While you likely use dedicated hardware routers for your perimeter routing needs, a Windows 2000 router can be useful in a variety of situations. For example, you can employ a server as a router and save the expense of a dedicated router.

By default, RRAS doesn't enable Routing Information Protocol (RIP), which enables routers to share information and learn routes from adjacent routers. But Windows 2000 does support RIP versions 1 and 2, and adding RIP enables a RRAS router to discover routes automatically, eliminating the need to add static routes to the router.

To add RIP, open the RRAS console, expand the IP Routing branch of the server, right-click the General branch, and choose New Routing Protocol. Select RIP Version 2 For Internet Protocol, and click OK. You should see a new RIP branch appear under the IP Routing branch.

Next, right-click the RIP branch, and choose New Interface. Select the interface on which you want RIP to run, and click OK.

RRAS displays a property sheet that you can use to specify the version of RIP, actions the router should take for incoming and outgoing routes, and other properties. In many installations, you can use the default settings.

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