Windows 7 appears to be a crowd pleaser among the IT pros who have been kicking its beta tires -- including Deb Shinder. But even though she's very impressed with the new OS, she's already discovered several ways to improve it.
Windows 7 hasn't even been released yet, but many people (yes, I'm one of them) are already running it on their production computers despite Microsoft's advice not to do that with beta software. Regardless of Windows 7's incomplete status, many techies will tell you that it's more stable and reliable than Vista. According to a recent ZDNet poll of IT pros, they are four times more likely to be happy with the new OS than early users of Vista.
Still, as good as Windows 7 is, it's not perfect out of the box. Here are a few tweaks and tricks you can use to make this excellent OS even better.
Note: This article is also available as a PDF download.
1: Get Quick Launch back
I liked the new Windows 7 taskbar a lot -- but something was missing. Yes, you can pin programs to the Start menu now, and I do. But I also liked the Quick Launch bar, where I could put icons for programs I use a little less frequently but often enough that I don't want to have to open the Start menu to get to them. Quick Launch is missing in Windows 7, but there is a way to bring it back. You'll find step by step instructions with screenshots in this tutorial.Once you have the Quick Launch bar on your taskbar, you can drag programs to it as you did in Vista. See my Quick Launch bar in Figure A, on the right side of the taskbar next to the notification area.
You can get the Quick Launch bar back in Windows 7.
2: Bring back the Vista taskbar look and behavior
Even though I like the new taskbar, I know some people don't. They'd prefer to have the old Vista/XP look and behavior, where the taskbar uses less screen space. If you're in that camp, it's easy to change the taskbar so it will be similar to the old look:
- Right-click the Start button and select Properties.
- Click the Taskbar tab.
- Select the Use Small Icons check box and click Apply.
If you don't like the way Windows 7 combines icons for all instances of an application, you can change that, too. On the same tab, click the down arrow on the Taskbar Buttons box and select Combine When Taskbar Is Full.
This dialog box also allows you to select the taskbar location on the screen (bottom, top, left, or right), customize which icons appear in the notification area (system tray), and decide whether to temporarily minimize all open windows when you place your mouse on the far end (or bottom) of the taskbar (Desktop Preview).
3: Put different wallpapers on multiple monitors
If you're using Windows 7 with two or more monitors, you'll be pleased to find that multi-monitor support has been improved. One thing I really like about Windows 7 is that when I connect to it via Remote Desktop from another computer, it doesn't rearrange all my icons as Vista often did with multiple monitors. However, one thing Microsoft didn't build into Win 7 that some of us were hoping for is the ability to set different wallpapers on different monitors.In XP and Vista, I used UltraMon to do that, but it costs $40. In a tough economy, many people don't want to spend that much for a program of that kind. Besides, based on what I read in the forums, it doesn't yet work reliably on Windows 7. Luckily, I was able to hunt down another application called DisplayFusion. The free version gives you multiple wallpaper support, and the paid version, which costs $20 less than UltraMon, gives you multiple taskbars and window management features. I've installed it on two Windows 7 computers and it works great. As you can see in Figure B, you can configure a variety of settings.
You can use the free DisplayFusion application to put different wallpapers on each monitor.
4: Turn off Aero Snap
A new feature in Windows 7 is Aero Snap, which causes your application windows to automatically snap into a preconfigured place when you move them to the edges of the screen. Drag a window to the far right, and it will size itself to fill exactly half the screen. Drag it to the top corner and it will maximize to fill the whole screen. This can be handy, but it can also be annoying if you prefer that your windows stay the size you made them. Luckily, you can easily turn Snap off. Here's how:
- Click Start and select Control Panel.
- Click Ease of Access Center.
- Click Make the Mouse Easier to Use.
- Select the Prevent Windows From Being Automatically Arranged When Moved To The Edge Of The Screen check box and click OK.
5: Display Control Panel applets with small iconsBy default, the Windows 7 Control Panel shows the Category view (Figure C), similar to the default in Windows Vista.
The default Control Panel view in Windows 7 is Category.You can easily change to a more classic view by clicking All Control Panel Items at the bottom of the categories list, but that gives you a list of the items represented by large icons, as shown in Figure D.
Clicking All Control Panel Items gives you a view of the applets with large icons.What if you'd like to display the items with small icons so more of them will fit in the same space? Your first thought might be to click the View menu on the taskbar, but at least in the public beta (build 7000), the icon size choices are all grayed out. However, there's a little trick: Right-click on an empty space in the window, and you'll get a context menu from which you can pick View Small Icons. Selecting this command will allow you to display many more items in the same size window, as shown in Figure E.
You can display Control Panel items with small icons to fit more into the same space.
6: Format the text in sticky notes
Another new feature in Windows 7 is the built-in Sticky Notes application. You'll find it on the Start menu. You've probably already discovered that you can change the color of notes by right-clicking and selecting a new color. You may also have figured out that you can use the Ctrl + B and Ctrl + I shortcuts to format the text as bold or italic. But did you know that you can make bulleted and numbered lists in your sticky notes, and increase or decrease the text size? Here are some more handy keyboard shortcuts that work within sticky notes:
- Ctrl + Shift + L (once): Bulleted list
- Ctrl + Shift + L (twice): Numbered list
- Ctrl + Shift + >: Increase text size
- Ctrl + Shift + <: Decrease text size
- Ctrl + U: Underline
- Ctrl + T: Strikethrough
You can format the text within Windows 7's sticky notes with keyboard shortcuts.
7: Turn off Windows features
Microsoft gives you much more flexibility with Windows 7, allowing you to turn off Windows components -- such as Internet Explorer, Windows Search, the Gadget platform, and media features -- that you couldn't disable in earlier versions of Windows. Here's how:
- Click Start | Control Panel and select Programs And Features.
- In the left pane, click Turn Windows Features On Or Off.
- Simply select or deselect the check boxes to enable or disable the various Windows features, as shown in Figure G, then click OK.
You can easily turn Windows features on or off in Windows 7.
8: Make Adobe Reader display PDFs properly
If you've installed Adobe Reader in Windows 7, you may notice that sometimes when you try to open a PDF file, you get an error message and the file doesn't open. It seems Adobe doesn't play well with IE 8 in Windows 7 and won't open the files (or at least won't open some of them) in the browser.
If you set Adobe not to display PDFs in the browser, it will open them without any problems. Here's how to configure that:
- Open Adobe Reader.
- Click Edit | Preferences.
- Click Internet in the left Categories pane.
- Under Web Browser Options, deselect the Display PDF In Browser check box and click OK.
9: Use the new keyboard shortcuts
If you're a fast typist and hate having to move your hands from the keyboard to the mouse, you'll be happy to know that Windows 7 provides new shortcut key combos to let you do more without mousing. Here are a few to try out:
- Windows + E will open a new Explorer window.
- In Windows Explorer, press Alt + P to turn the preview pane on.
- Windows + P opens the Display Switcher applet.
- Windows + Spacebar shows the desktop (makes active windows transparent).
- Windows Logo Key + Plus (+) key turns on the Magnifier to zoom in on the desktop. Windows Logo key + Minus (-) key zooms back out.
- Ctrl + clicking an icon in the taskbar toggles between the open instances of the program.
- Windows Logo key + Left or Right Arrow key will shift the active window to the left or right side of the screen and make it fill half the screen (same as dragging the window to the left or right edge of the screen but without using the mouse).
- Windows Logo key + Shift + Left or Right Arrow key (with multiple monitors) will move the window to the left or right monitor.
10: Install Windows 7 from a USB thumb drive
If you're so impressed with Windows 7 on your desktop computer that you want to install it on your laptop, what do you do if the laptop is an ultra compact that doesn't have a DVD drive? Of course, you could connect a USB DVD drive, if you have one. Or you could put the installation files on a network drive and connect to it over the network.
But here's another option that works surprisingly well: Copy the contents of the Windows 7 ISO image to a 4 GB or larger USB thumb drive (or a flash memory card, if the laptop has a built-in reader). Installing the OS this way is likely to be faster than using a DVD.
Finally: 10 Things... the newsletter!
Get the key facts on a wide range of technologies, techniques, strategies, and skills with the help of the concise need-to-know lists featured in TechRepublic's 10 Things newsletter, delivered every Friday. Automatically sign up today.
Debra Littlejohn Shinder, MCSE, MVP is a technology consultant, trainer, and writer who has authored a number of books on computer operating systems, networking, and security. Deb is a tech editor, developmental editor, and contributor to over 20 additional books on subjects such as the Windows 2000 and Windows 2003 MCSE exams, CompTIA Security+ exam, and TruSecure's ICSA certification.