Processors

Apple II's classic chip is reborn: This time as a Twitter-controlled processor

Part of the chip that powered the Apple II and the BBC Micro has been recreated and connected up to the internet so it can be controlled via Twitter.

This hotchpotch of circuitry and mechanical parts is a snapshot of the chip that was at the heart of some of the most popular computers of the 1980s.

Crunching data inside the Apple II, Commodore 64 and BBC Micro was the MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor, a chip that not only powered the terminator in the 1984 sci-fi flick of the same name but whose modern variants still drive the likes of medical scanners and audio equipment.

twitalumain.jpg
The entire TwitAlu unit. Image: Bristol University
Students at Bristol University in England took it on themselves to recreate the arithmetic logic unit (ALU) of the 6502 and connect it to Twitter, allowing Twitter users to carry out calculations and logical functions on the unit by Tweeting at it.

The ALU is the engine of information processing inside a microprocessor, carrying out arithmetic operations, such as addition and subtraction, and logical operations, such as value comparisons using Boolean operators, on data. 

Data is fed into the ALU from registers - memory built into the microprocessor - and the operations performed on this data are determined by information sent from another part of the chip, the control unit. Each program run on a computer will rely on a huge number of these operations being executed. 

Modern programs are generally written in high-level languages that are readable by humans. Before these programs are executed they are compiled into machine code that tells the ALU which operations to carry out.

Commands can be sent to the unit via the Twitter account @twittithmetic and the unit will calculate the answer and Tweet you a reply.

twitalu-adder.jpg
An emulation of two 7483 adders using 24 mechanical relays. Image: Bristol University
        Raspberry Pi handles commands coming from Twitter, and the command information is then translated into what effectively is assembly instructions for the 6502, which are sent on to the hardware.

The device uses a custom 7400 series ALU based on that of the MoS 6502 processor. Different parts of the ALU are realised using a mix of technologies to make the display more engaging and show off the variety of equipment used in the history of computing. 

For instance, adders within the ALU have been constructed using mechanical relays. Relays were used in early computers such as the Z3 to perform logical operations. Values of data passing through the ALU are also shown on a display made of Nixie tubes.

twitlau-register.jpg
One of three five digit displays. Image: Bristol University
The code for the project can be found in the following GitHub repository.

About

Nick Heath is chief reporter for TechRepublic UK. He writes about the technology that IT-decision makers need to know about, and the latest happenings in the European tech scene.

3 comments
Randy Smith
Randy Smith

In the words of Big Bang Theory "Because we can."

Editor's Picks