People often prefer a device of their choice to one "approved" by the organization. BYOD enables people to do personal activities at work - and run apps not formally approved or supported by the organization.
Affordable devices and slow-to-adapt IT departments drove the growth of BYOD. The next logical step in this trend is Bring your own Internet (BYOI). Wide availability of low cost, high-speed Internet will drive adoption of BYOI.
Wired broadband Internet costs
Consider the case of an employee connecting to the Internet at home. The average broadband speed in the United States is 5.8Mbps, according to Akamai's "State of the Internet" report from Q4 2011. The cost for that connection is likely $50 per month or less, based on current pricing from Comcast, the nation's largest cable provider. That's a cost of about $8.30 per Mbps per month.
The economics look very different if you live in a select neighborhoods in Kansas City served by Google's fiber-to-the-home initiative. After initial setup costs, Google will charge $70 per month for a 1,000 Mbps connection. That's a cost of about $0.07 per Mbps per month. Google's fiber initiative provides hope that a truly competitive broadband market will drive prices significantly lower.
Wireless broadband Internet costs
Wireless connections are also interesting. In the U.S., wireless connections tend to be priced by total data consumed per month, while wired connections tend to be priced by speed.
Consider the case of an employee with a Chromebook or iPad. With a Chromebook, the employee might expect average 3G download speeds of a slightly more than 1Mbps on the Verizon network, according to speed tests published by PCWorld in April 2012. With a current generation iPad on the Verizon network, the employee might expect 4G download speeds in excess of 10Mbps when the iPad is used as a hotspot, according to speed tests published by CNET in March 2012. In both cases, for around $50 per month the employee can use up to 5Gb of broadband wireless data.
Latency on wireless networks can limit their use for some applications. Data caps on connections also can present costly problems for some users and organizations.
The IT Manager's broadband challenge: "It's faster at home"
That 4.9Mbps is slower than the 5.8Mbps speed connection at home.
If you assume a prototypical family of four sharing the 5.8Mbps connection, that's 1.45Mbps per person. If your office Internet connection is less than this, employees will likely complain that the "Internet is faster at home." And they'll be right.
You could spend all day arguing that people don't need a faster Internet connection for work. You also could invest lots of time and effort blocking "unnecessary" traffic. You could make a case that the corporate network is more secure than a user-managed connection. I don't think any of these will work in the long term. People will buy an inexpensive 3G/4G connection and route-around blocking.
You can do just one thing to prevent BYOI: provide employees Internet connections at least as fast as consumer alternatives.
What's your organization's available bandwidth per employee?
Andy Wolber helps people understand and leverage technology for social impact. He resides in Ann Arbor, MI with his wife, Liz, and daughter, Katie.