When it comes to security breaches, it's important to remember that old adage about quality vs. quantity. Data breaches aren't just about a hacker breaking into a network and stealing information. In fact, they come in all shapes and sizes:
- A data breach can occur with a lost or stolen laptop that has someone's social security number.
- A data breach can occur with a lost BlackBerry that has personal information about employees or customers.
- A data breach can occur with a fax that includes financial information that's thrown away instead of shredded.
In other words, a data breach can happen anytime an unauthorized individual has access to sensitive or private information. It's important to remember that a variety of factors can lead to this exposure.
Regardless of size, every network will experience some form of data breach at some point. And users are becoming increasingly more savvy about identity theft and sensitive to the long-term damage it can cause to their finances.
So when the inevitable data breach happens, what do you do? Establishing notification procedures in advance will help you better deal with the problem when it occurs. Planning now will help mitigate the damage from a customer/employee relationship standpoint later -- and it's the right thing to do.
When a data breach occurs, you obviously need to notify those affected. You definitely do not want to tell people that someone accessed their personal information in an e-mail. Users could easily mistake such an e-mail as a phishing attempt and delete it without reading it.
While this is the electronic age, there's a better method for delivering the bad news -- snail mail. The postal service will ensure delivery to the person -- and usually even if they've moved to another address.
Deciding how to notify people is the easy part -- deciding what should go in that notification can be a lot more tricky. First of all, describe what happened.
Don't give out information that could compromise the investigation, but do tell people in nontechnical terms how it happened as well as what information the breach exposed or lost. Tell them what your organization is doing to remedy the situation, and make sure you include contact information.
If identify theft is a possibility, explain how they can try to protect themselves. Tell people how to contact the credit reporting agencies to put a fraud alert on their accounts.
In addition, the Identity Theft Resource Center is an excellent source of information. Include a link to the Web site in your correspondence, and encourage people to take active steps to protect their financial information.
If law enforcement is involved in the case, provide the contact information for the officer working the case, as well as the case report number. This is information people may need to repair credit or obtain a job if they become a victim due to the breach.
Finally, if the breach is wide enough, contact the credit reporting agencies first to determine whether identify theft is taking place as a result of the breach. If you uncover evidence of identify theft, offer some form of credit monitoring service in the notification. This could mitigate the damage done to both the individual and your company.
While your organization should take every security precaution to protect its data, a security breach is often inevitable. Too much information stored in too many places provides too much temptation.
Losing control of someone's personal, privacy, or financial information can put your company at risk in many ways. How you handle the loss after the fact will speak volumes to your employees and customers (both current and future). Developing some simple procedures before a loss occurs and implementing them when it happens can go a long way to mitigating the damage.
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