Users in Exchange-based organizations enjoy comprehensive built-in mobility via ActiveSync; however, even as users clamor for smartphones, IT needs to make sure that these services are used in ways that are consistent with organizational policies. Although some users believe that these policies can be constraining, the situation would be much worse if the mobile device were to create a major security incident.
There are a variety of third party solutions to manage, monitor, and control mobile devices, but many organizations loathe spending a lot of money on these kinds of services and are most concerned with being able to simply control how devices interact with their systems. Exchange 2010 includes a number of administrative controls to help IT departments provide these mobility services while enabling automated methods by which user's devices are required to adhere to policy.
This blog post is also available as a TechRepublic gallery.First and foremost, you get to decide whether ActiveSync is even available on a user by user basis. You can opt to disable ActiveSync for all users and then enable it only for those users who need it. In Figure A, you see an Exchange Management Console screenshot that shows you my Exchange profile with ActiveSync enabled. Figure A
You can enable and disable ActiveSync for any user.Exchange 2010 includes a default ActiveSync policy, but you can create others if you like. Each individual mailbox needs to be associated with an ActiveSync policy. To change the policy, choose ActiveSync and click Properties. On the Properties page (Figure B), choose the policy that should apply to this user's devices. Figure B
Choose the ActiveSync policy that should apply to this mailboxIf a user happens to lose his or her smartphone, you can take direct action by administratively disassociating that user's phone from the Exchange server or initiating a remote wipe of that user's attached device. To do so, from the Exchange Management Console, right-click the user's name and choose Manage Mobile Phone. You will see a screen like the one in Figure C. Figure C
Remote wipe a device or remove its ActiveSync partnership
You can be even more granular through the use of ActiveSync policies. In Exchange 2010, you can create any number of ActiveSync policies and associate different policies with different users.ActiveSync policies are managed in the Exchange Management Console by navigating to the Organization Configuration | Clint Access node. From there, choose the Exchange ActiveSync Policies tab (Figure D), right-click a policy you'd like to modify and, from the shortcut menu, choose Properties. I'll introduce you to each of the primary ActiveSync policy areas. Figure D
ActiveSync policies in Exchange 2010Note: Some ActiveSync policies can only be used if your users have an Exchange Enterprise Client Access License. The General tab (Figure E) is a place for general information about the policy, such as the policy name and how often the policy is refreshed. If you make regular changes to policies, you can specify a short refresh time, which ensures that devices will receive a new policy within that time period. Figure E
ActiveSync policy - General tabBy requiring the use of a password, you protect a user's mobile device from casual snooping or from being immediately cracked in the event that it is lost or stolen. Via the ActiveSync Password tab (Figure F), you can configure how long the password must be, how many failed attempts are allowed, password complexity, password expiration, and more. On this page, you can also indicate that only users with devices that support encryption can use ActiveSync. Figure F
ActiveSync policy - Password tabThe Sync Settings tab (Figure G) is the place for deciding how much information should be sent down to the device. You get to decide whether past calendar appointments are synchronized, and you can decide the maximum email size that will be pushed. You can also choose to disable the ability of roaming users to use ActiveSync/Direct Push. Depending on your organization's data plans, this could save the company money. Figure G
ActiveSync policy - Sync Settings tabSome device features, such as cameras, Wi-Fi, and the other connectivity options shown in Figure H, can present a security hazard to organizations in which sensitive information must be closely controlled. You can choose to disable specific device features such as cameras and Bluetooth in order to combat the security issue. Figure H
ActiveSync policy - Device tabHow a device is used can be as important as the kind of data you allow it to access. Do you want users accessing the web using their phone's browser? Should they be allowed to check their personal mail account using the phone? In Figure I, you can see that these items and more can be configured on the Device Applications tab. Figure I
ActiveSync policy - Device Applications tabOn the Other tab (Figure J), Microsoft has put everything else; in this case, that boils down to being able to decide which applications can be used on mobile devices. Figure J
ActiveSync policy - Other tab
While not necessarily as full-featured as comprehensive third-party solutions, Exchange's built-in ActiveSync provides you with a baseline set of security controls that might be enough to protect your company from the pitfalls sometimes associated with mobility.
Since 1994, Scott Lowe has been providing technology solutions to a variety of organizations. After spending 10 years in multiple CIO roles, Scott is now an independent consultant, blogger, author, owner of The 1610 Group, and a Senior IT Executive with CampusWorks, Inc. Scott is available for consulting, writing, and speaking engagements and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.