Mobility

Smartphones and M2M for mHealth

Will Kelly explains how smartphones and M2M are becoming tools for patient advocacy and self-sufficiency.

Mobile Health (mHealth) is shaking up the healthcare market both inside and outside of the doctor's office. The advent of machine-to-machine (M2M) technologies and smartphones are turning the Internet of Things into a health-monitoring platform that can monitor a variety of health issues (chronic and otherwise).

There are benefits of M2M joining with smartphones in a health monitoring capacity, including:

  • Capability to monitor and chart trends in such things as blood pressure and heart rate
  • Self-sufficiency because patient monitoring can take place outside of the doctor's office, under their control, and without the need to always consult a healthcare professional
  • Information is power when dealing with doctors, and these tools are ideal at helping patients gather information on their condition using a familiar interface

Here are some examples of how M2M and smartphones are coming together to help medical professionals, patients, and health-conscious individuals better monitor and report on chronic health conditions and their body signs.

Withings Blood Pressure Monitor

Blood pressure issues dog many segments of society. Fortunately, the Withings Blood Pressure Monitor connects to your iPhone and lets you monitor your own blood pressure at home using consumer-friendly tools. It includes the following components:

  • Blood pressure cuff that connects directly to an iPhone (or an iPad or iPod Touch) to monitor your pulse and blood pressure
  • Free Withings app available for download from the App Store

Through this simple connection and accompanying iOS app, users can calculate their pulse rate and blood pressure using an app interface that doesn't take a nursing degree to interpret. It provides a number of graphs for identifying trends. There's also an in-app feature for sending results to your doctor or other healthcare provider. The blood pressure cuff is also easy to stash away in a purse or other bag if you're self-conscious about carrying around such a device.

Blood pressure cuffs, even after adding a digital interface, were a user experience nightmare and didn't translate well to patients who wanted to monitor their blood pressure between doctor appointments. The Withings Blood Pressure Monitor is just one example of how M2M brings together the familiar interface and technology of the iPhone with a device such as a blood pressure cuff, which leads to improved usability.

IBGStar Blood Glucose Meter

Diabetics are gaining a lot of self-sufficiency due to M2M and smartphones. Diabetics can now track the blood glucose levels from the convenience of their smartphone. The IBGStar Blood Glucose Monitoring System is a hardware device that plugs into the audio jack of an iPhone (or iPod Touch). It includes the following features:

  • No coding when calibrating test strips
  • 0.5 microliter sample size for drawing a bit of blood for blood sugar testing
  • Meter (hardware) with storage for 300 results with additional results storage available on the app
  • App with multiple charts and graphs for viewing glucose, carbs, and insulin data
  • Meter hardware has a small profile and can be left attached to an iPhone
  • Personalized notes to help you track and analyze patterns and variations over your condition
  • Share data with your healthcare provider through email or bring the meter to your appointment for viewing the reports together

With devices such as the IBGStar Blood Glucose Meter, diabetics can gain convenient reporting and a tool to help them better collect data for their next doctor's appointment.

Smartphones and M2M inside the hospital

The Withings Blood Pressure Monitor and IBGStar Blood Glucose Meter are representative of the benefits that smartphones and M2M can give to consumers to stay on top of their healthcare issues. M2M and smartphones are also having an impact on patient care inside hospitals. Major carriers in the United States -- such as AT&T, Sprint, and Verizon -- include healthcare as an M2M focus within their enterprise division. Here are some examples of what these carriers are producing for the healthcare market:

  • A Verizon and ZipIt Wireless partnership recently launched a smartphone app that helps with secure collaboration between medical professionals. This smartphone apps lets medical professionals use the secure tools available in the ZipIt Enterprise Critical Messaging Platform from their iPhone or Android phone.
  • A partnership between Sprint and IDEAL Life, a manufacturer of in-home monitoring equipment, is using the Sprint network to transfer patient data from IDEAL Life home care monitoring equipment to medical professional's smartphones. This solution builds upon the self sufficiency in the consumer (patient side) devices previously mentioned in this post but also have implications in telemedicine by enabling patient data to be transferred securely to a medical specialist that may not be geographically present in the patient's community.
  • According to recent news from CES 2013, AT&T is also preparing for some mHealth moves that target medical professionals and consumers.

More than just mHealth with smartphones and M2M

The Internet of Things is becoming a much-needed patient advocacy tool by offering patients user-friendly tools and reporting that can help better arm and educate them before doctor appointments. After all, doctors are human. The better we can communicate with them and back up statements on our condition with data means making the best use of the 15 minutes (or even less) we get with doctors these days.

More resources

For a comprehensive look at the issues and technologies surrounding the Internet of Things and the emerging M2M ecosystem, check out ZDNet's latest feature page, Tapping M2M: The Internet of Things.

About

Will Kelly is a freelance technical writer and analyst currently focusing on enterprise mobility, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), and the consumerization of IT. He has also written about cloud computing, Big Data, virtualization, project management ap...

3 comments
Jamestovet
Jamestovet

The IBGStar Blood Glucose Meter is amazing. If you are a diabetic and are tired of carrying around a big glucose meter with diabetes testing strips, then is the right thing for you. It is amazing how technology keeps making your life easier and easier.

HAL 9000
HAL 9000

Unless the device can be sterilized and hardened it's not Certified for use in any Medical Environment here. Small Medical Practices may use things like this but the reality is that if the Practice needs to meet Certification Levels to carry on their business they can not use things like iProducts. Besides why would you personally buy any product like those listed in the blog when you can buy a wrist watch and do the same thing and it doesn't stand out. The idea of monitoring Blood Pressure and heart action is the need to constantly monitor these things so being able to remove and only use when you feel like it for patients other than Hypochondriacs is a waste of time and effort. Of course the Hypochondriacs using things like this is a even bigger waste of time and effort as they convince themselves that they are close to death and eat up the Medical Practitioners time and Testing Facilities when it's a unnecessary action. Though if they start to Self Medicate to treat themselves they are likely to suffer Adverse Medical Outcomes which can be a great thing for the Medical Practitioners as they kill themselves and remove the time wasted in needing to treat them for their own stupidity. ;) As for a Blood Glucose Meter with a good one with a Life Time Guarantee being only $15.00 in the local Chemist why would you waste your time and money buying a add on for your iDevice when they are not calibrated to the strips being used? All Test Strips have a life expectancy and need to be used within the time frame on the Box. They also come with a Calibration Plug to plug into the BGM to correctly report the Blood Glucose Levels. Getting the wrong or a incorrect reading on a device like this is worse than useless and can lead to adverse medical outcomes because of equipment errors. Col

aidemzo_adanac
aidemzo_adanac

Our major Western carriers (Rogers & Telus) have M2M divisions that focus on government, health care etc. I work as a regional BDM for one of their main device manufacturers and get called to visit their clients with their reps quite often. I have yet to see a single iPhone rollout in Health Care...in Canada, as our health care department is pretty heavily regulated and iPhone/iPads do not meet their minimum device standards for security, functionality etc. Until very recently, being intrinsically safe has been a key reason why (any consumer focused smart phones from anyone) haven't been used. If they can't be sterilized, they can't be used, which one would expect from ANYTHING being used in a health care centre/hospital etc. There are doctors and nurses in smaller medical clinics that may carry one, but it's not certified and still shouldn't be used. For the last 8-10 years they have had tablets and handhelds that meet the stringent standards and offer things such as patient medication tracking and hospital equipment tracking (RFID) but also things like ports for connecting blood pressure monitoring equipment etc. Such devices are generally Windows based, cost thousands each, are intrinsically safe, can be scrubbed with a caustic cleaning solution, submerged and soaked like all other medical equipment must be. So while I can see this becoming something of US focus and maybe even popularity, especially as self diagnosis and self medicating is so big there, for obvious reasons, I don't see it working too well in other markets where medical is regulated a lot tighter, such as UK, France, Canada, Australia etc. Those other markets are too heavily regulated and demand a lot more than a consumer toy, for use in the actual medical facilities anyway. Consumers, well that's a different animal. Consumers can be sold anything, whether they need it or even want it or not, consumers simply consume what they are told to, like the busy little buyers they are.

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