There's very little that you can do before the start of a project without first defining the project scope. It's an interesting process to go through if you're used to the type of organization that many of us face these days. Executing the Scope Management phase of your project will allow you to create and maintain the Scope Statement that outlines the deliverables you need to produce by the end of your project. This phase also helps you as the project manager by ensuring and communicating that only the work that is defined in the Scope Statement is actually executed.
Step 1: Planning
Most organizations that have any type of Project Management methodology have their Organization Process Assess (OPA) available to the PMs in the company. This, along with your Project Charter and a Preliminary Project Scope Statement, are going to help you go a long way to getting this part off the ground.
When you've finished the planning step, you will have created your Scope Management Plan. Your Scope Management Plan defines how you will document, refine, verify and control the project scope.
Step 2: Definition
The next step would be the scope definition. At this point you should be spending time with all the relevant participants of your project and doing in-depth interviews to define the project requirements. The scope will be defined by understanding the needs and expectations of your project stakeholders and then prioritizing those results accordingly.
This is also a good time to discuss some of your alternatives, in case they need to be captured for your documentation. After you've completed your scope definition, you should be able to finalize your project scope statement, which will be helpful later on when making future project decisions and maintaining a common understanding of the project goals.
Step 3: Creating the WBS
A well-formed Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) should be focused on project deliverables rather than the associated tasks. By not treating your WBS as a checklist of all the things that you need to complete (that's what your project plan will help you with) you can focus on its original intent, which is to help you organize and define the overall project scope.
At its lowest level in the hierarchy, your WBS should be built of work packages that will allow you to accurately estimate your project costs while also enabling you to create a project schedule.
Step 4: Verification
Scope Verification is where you achieve formal acceptance of your project scope by the appropriate stakeholders. You normally achieve this level of acceptance by going through the Inspection process. Inspection is a technique by which you provide your customer insight into what you have completed by means of a walkthrough. It's an effort to ensure work deliverables will meet their requirements as well as any relevant product acceptance criteria that has been defined.
Step 5: Control
Any changes to your project should be funneled through your Integrated Change Control Process (ICCP). The Scope Control process is where you address anything that may affect the overall project scope.
The project manager needs to evaluate any changes that are raised to see how they impact the project. They should then recommend corrective actions. .Since changes could affect areas such as your scope statement, WBS, baselines, or even your OPA, it's imperative that the process is followed and you mitigate the potential for scope creep.
In the end don't forget that your project scope is a living, breathing document. Things come up in the Monitoring and Control phases of every project and they need to be addressed in your scope statement. If you have a strong scope management plan, you've already taken one big step in the right direction.
Bill Stronge is a PMP certified Project Manager with a Global CPG organization currently focusing on eBusiness projects. During his 14+ years he has worked on enterprise wide applications in both a developer and architect role as well as a project manager leading teams of various sizes. He can be reached for questions at firstname.lastname@example.org.