The open source Postfix mail server is a breeze to get up and running, though aspects of it could be much easier to manage with a GUI. Fortunately, there are GUI tools available, and the most intriguing one is Postfixadmin.
Postfixadmin is a web-based admin tool used to manage mailboxes, virtual domains, and aliases; you will also find support for vacation/out-of-the-office messages. The UI is easy to use, and the installation is fairly straight-forward. Let's get this tool installed so you can enjoy an easier method of managing your Postfix mail server.
- Postfix 2.0 or higher
- Apache 1.3.27 / Lighttpd 1.3.15 or higher
- PHP 5.1.2 or higher
- MySQL 3.23 or higher (5.x recommended) or PostgreSQL 7.4 or higher
Step 1: Download and unpack the source
Go to the Postfixadmin SourceForge page and download the latest release of the software. Once you have that file on your server, move the file to the document root of your web server. With the source in the document root, unpack the file using a command similar to sudo tar xvzf postfixadmin-XXX.tar.gz (XXX is the release number). After this file is unpacked, it will create a new directory named postfixadmin-XXX (XXX is the release number) that you should rename to postfixadmin with a command like sudo mv postfixadmin-XXX postfixadmin (XXX is the release number).
Step 2: Create the database
Postfixadmin requires a database. I will demonstrate how to set this up with a MySQL database. You can either create the database using a tool like MySQL Workbench or from the command line. If you opt for the command line, here are the commands you will need to create the database (aptly named "postfix"):
CREATE DATABASE postfix; CREATE USER 'USER'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `postfix` . * TO 'USER'@'localhost';
All entries above in bold are user specific, and the USER must have full access to the MySQL database (which may be root).
If you'll be using a different database, check the Postfixadmin documentation for specific information on your database of choice.
Step 3: Configure Postfixadmin so it can see the databaseIn the file /var/www/postfixadmin/config.inc.php, you will find the following entries that must be configured:
$CONF['configured'] = ' ';
$CONF['setup_password'] = ' ';
$CONF['postfix_admin_url'] = ' ' ;$CONF['database_type'] = ' ';
$CONF['database_host'] = ' ';
$CONF['database_user'] = ' ';
$CONF['database_password'] = ' ';
$CONF['database_name'] = ' ';The only entry that isn't obvious is the setup password -- it must be a hashed password. You can get a hashed password from the web-based installation, but for now, fill in the above (with no setup password) and save the file.
Step 4: Fire up the web-based installation toolOpen your web browser and go to http://ADDRESS_TO_SERVER/postfixadmin/setup.php (where ADDRESS_TO_SERVER is the actual IP address or domain of the server hosting Postfixadmin). On this page, enter a setup password in the Setup Password field and fill out the remaining information (Figure A). Figure A
Click the image to enlarge.
Now, click the Add Admin button, and the hashed password will appear above the Create Superadmin line. Copy that hashed password, go back to the setup.inc.php, and copy it into the setup_password field. Resave the file and go back to the web browser, re-enter your information (if necessary), and click Add Admin. The information will save, and the installation will complete (after some time).
Step 5: Log in to the systemPoint your browser to http://ADDRESS_TO_SERVER/postfixadmin, and you will be prompted to log in with the admin user you created earlier (email address/password - not the setup password). After a successful authentication, you will see the Postfixadmin home screen (Figure B). Figure B
Click the image to enlarge.
Now you can start administering your Postfix mail server with a handy web-based GUI that can be reached from any web browser. You'll be surprised at just how much you can manage with this tool and how easy it makes the administration of Postfix.
Jack Wallen is an award-winning writer for Techrepublic and Linux.com. As an avid promoter/user of the Linux OS, Jack tries to convert as many users to open source as possible. His current favorite flavor of Linux is Bodhi Linux (a melding of Ubuntu and Enlightenment). When Jack isn't writing about Linux he is hard at work on his other writing career -- writing about zombies, various killers, super heroes, and just about everything else he can manipulate between the folds of reality. You can find Jack's books on Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and Smashwords. Outnumbered in his house one male to two females and three humans to six felines, Jack maintains his sanity by riding his mountain bike and working on his next books. For more news about Jack Wallen, visit his website Get Jack'd.