I'm not going to deny more people buy Android phones than iOS; that's not yet true of tablets--which still comes into play with the overall article discussion. Price still plays a major role in that argument though, as the average price of Android phones is half that of the iPhone with the exception--for a while--of the Galaxy S3 which used to sell for the same price but dropped to only $49 each over the holiday quarter. As far as the third quarter was concerned, even the article you linked pointed out that the iPhone 5 was released during that quarter (only barely--on the last week of the quarter) which means the iPhone's sales were traditionally down in anticipation of the new model's release. At nearly 48 million iPhones sold over the holiday (4th) quarter vs only 14.5 sold the previous quarter, it's easy to see how the Galaxy sold more than the iPhone for that one quarter. Do you know what the Galaxy S3's numbers were over the holiday quarter? I admit I don't, but I find it likely their numbers were roughly equal or the iPhone somewhat higher despite the Galaxy's much lower price.
AT&T and Verizon both separate iPhone numbers from Android (though not by brand for the Android's that I've noticed) and on average between those two carriers the iPhone tends to run at about half of all smartphones sold--plus or minus only a couple million each during an active quarter like the holidays. Of course, that is only the US market for those numbers. I can't speak for overseas and I know quite well there is prejudice against Apple's sales practices in the European Union which has slowed but definitely not stopped Apple's sales.
On Windows 8, I don't believe we're in total disagreement; as you say, we need to see how it plays out. I personally believe that the desktop--or Pro version of Windows will fail on tablets as it has this entire past decade. On the other hand, by allowing the optional stylus the mouse is effectively eliminated as almost all mouse functions can be performed on screen with reasonable accuracy, especially if you're using a 15" or larger screen on a laptop/desktop machine. RT is great for mobility and still offers superior integration with the desktop as compared to any current Android iteration in my opinion.
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