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70-216 MS exam

By vitaly.k ·
Hi all!

I faild to pass 70-216 exam last Friday. MS has changed the form of exams recently and now you can find a lot of questions that look like real configuration windows where you need to supply values. This is fine, just letting you know to be prepared and have more time with a mouse in your hands :) I faild on questions about DNS configured with round robin function. My question is: what is round robin and how it affects DNS?

Thanks in advance

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Round Robin according to M$

by Jellimonsta In reply to 70-216 MS exam

Round robin is a local balancing mechanism used by DNS servers to share and distribute network resource loads. You can use it to rotate all resource record (RR) types contained in a query answer if multiple RRs are found.

By default, DNS uses round robin to rotate the order of RR data returned in query answers where multiple RRs of the same type exist for a queried DNS domain name. This feature provides a simple method for load balancing client use of Web servers and other frequently queriedmultihomed computers.

If round robin is disabled for a DNS server, the order of the response for these queries is based on a static ordering of RRs in the answer list as they are stored in the zone (either its zone file or Active Directory).

Example: Round-robin rotation
A forward lookup-type query (for all A RRs that match a DNS domain name) is made for a multihomed computer (multihomed.example.microsoft.com) that has three IP addresses. Separate A RRs are used to map the host's name toeach of these IP addresses in the zone. In the stored example.microsoft.com zone, the RRs appear in this fixed order:

multihomed IN A 10.0.0.1
multihomed IN A 10.0.0.2
multihomed IN A 10.0.0.3

The first DNS client that queries the server to resolve this host's name receives the list in default order. When a second client sends a subsequent query to resolve this name, the list is rotated as follows:

multihomed IN A 10.0.0.2
multihomed IN A 10.0.0.3
multihomed IN A 10.0.0.1

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by RyanNSIT In reply to Round Robin according to ...

In it's simplest form, Round Robin chooses one of the IP Addresses listed for an A record that has multiple records w/different IPs.

For example

A records:
www, 192.168.0.1
www, 192.168.0.2
www, 192.168.0.3

It will choose one of the three based on the last one it served up.

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