Questions

what are the steps to follow when installing linux operating system on pc

+
1 Votes
Locked

what are the steps to follow when installing linux operating system on pc

bright22
what are the steps to follow when installing linux operating system on pc
  • +
    0 Votes
    robo_dev

    The web site 'Google' might be useful.

    The search query 'installing Linux' yielded over 20 million results which include books, YouTube Videos, and tens of millions of articles which explain it all very well.

    +
    0 Votes
    OH Smeg

    Then see if you have a Live Linux or one that needs installing onto the HDD.

    If you have a Live Linux Drop the Disc into the Optical Drive and set the BIOS to boot off the Optical Drive. On the restart allow the system to boot off the Optical Drive and you have Linux Loaded.

    If you want/need to install tot he HDD you have to first decide if you want to Dual Boot, Run in a Virtual Environment or just have a Nix only system.

    If you want a Nix only system you need to wipe the HDD with a utility like Boot & Nuke

    http://www.dban.org/download

    Or Kill Disc

    http://www.killdisk.com/downloadfree.htm

    Then insert the Linux Install Disc and follow the prompts.

    It's more complicated if you want to use a Virtual Environment or Dual Boot but as you didn't make a specific request it's not possible to answer every possibility.

    Col

    +
    0 Votes
    dldorrance

    The linux distributions I have tried all come as live CDs, which load linux into computer memory, but do not touch your HDD, so they do not in any way change what is on the HDD. You can explore the features of the linux distribution from the live CD. For instance if the computer has an internet connection, it will be enabled automatically by the linux distribution, so you can explore the internet. You can also examine the contents of your HDD.

    First decide which linux distribution you want to try out. Then download the ISO image to your computer and burn it to a CD as an ISO image, as per Col's post. If you wish to install the distribution you will be given the option to install it as a dual boot or as a replacement for the OS on your HDD. You probably don't need to nuke your HDD to clean it off. If you chose to replace your present OS, the linux distribution will reformat your HDD automatically. If you decide not to burn your own CD from a downloaded image you should be able to order a CD http://www.linuxcd.org/ .

    If you are a Windows user, I would suggest trying an older version of Mint Linux, which will work on any computer (some of the newer linux versions require a choice in order to work on computers containing Intel graphics chips). Try the second option on this link for Mint 7 http://www.linuxmint.com/release.php?id=11 .

    If you prefer to purchase a CD, on the first link above choose Ubuntu 8.04 .

    The only linux distribution I had some trouble with was Mint Debian, as this distribution assumed knowledge of hard drive partitioning and required knowledge of to use the partitioning program (gparted).

    +
    0 Votes
    seanferd

    You are generally offered a good default partitioning scheme, which is useful if, say, you want a dual-boot option.

    +
    1 Votes
    foniklas

    OH smeg, hi, why propose something from3 years ago?
    ubuntu10.10 is current, in 32 and 64 bit.
    Download, pop it in, decide if LiveCD, dual boot or wipe and install.
    Go for an espresso, come back and see your Network up and the printer connected.
    Good Luck,
    fon

    +
    0 Votes
    dldorrance

    Why offer an older version of Ubuntu? The original poster, by the nature of the question, appeared to have a curiosity about Linux and was asking for some information on how to try it out. A positive experience would be a worthy goal. The original poster may well be familiar with Windows, where details of the chips populating the motherboard are totally irrelevant. Sadly, this is not the case with certain popular distributions of Linux, namely Ubuntu (as well as others).

    Ubuntu 8.xx was the most recent version of Ubuntu Linux which worked out of the box with computers employing Intel (vs Nvidia) graphics. Beyond 8.xx one needed to make a choice at the beginning of the installation process, as the default would would ultimately result a black monitor screen, hence an unsuccessful first Linux experience.

    +
    1 Votes
    Thmiuatga

    For installation, you'll need 3 partitions: Root, Swap and Home. The root partition will probably be about 2 gigabytes in size, Swap is about 1/4 of the RAM in your system and the Home takes the remainder. The installation process continues as files are installed. You will be required to set up login info. Set your Root password and then user name and password for it. It is strongly suggested that you do not log into the system as root on a regular basis which is why you have to set up a separate account from Root. If you log in as root you could do serious damage to your installation that can only be repaired by a complete and clean reinstall.
    Once the installation of packages, hardware detection and setup is done, you will be prompted to restart your system.

    +
    1 Votes
    andrew.myers

    First, backup everything you need to keep.
    Second, choose a popular distribution - google distrowatch.
    Third, install as dual boot, this means using a part of the disk for Linux and leaving the existing Windows on the other part. Most distributions will automatically offer this as an alternative. Then you can go back to Windows if you don't like Linux.
    Fourth read all the instructions on the installation carefully.
    Fifth enjoy Linux, I have been using it for ten years or more as my OS of choice.

    Andrew

  • +
    0 Votes
    robo_dev

    The web site 'Google' might be useful.

    The search query 'installing Linux' yielded over 20 million results which include books, YouTube Videos, and tens of millions of articles which explain it all very well.

    +
    0 Votes
    OH Smeg

    Then see if you have a Live Linux or one that needs installing onto the HDD.

    If you have a Live Linux Drop the Disc into the Optical Drive and set the BIOS to boot off the Optical Drive. On the restart allow the system to boot off the Optical Drive and you have Linux Loaded.

    If you want/need to install tot he HDD you have to first decide if you want to Dual Boot, Run in a Virtual Environment or just have a Nix only system.

    If you want a Nix only system you need to wipe the HDD with a utility like Boot & Nuke

    http://www.dban.org/download

    Or Kill Disc

    http://www.killdisk.com/downloadfree.htm

    Then insert the Linux Install Disc and follow the prompts.

    It's more complicated if you want to use a Virtual Environment or Dual Boot but as you didn't make a specific request it's not possible to answer every possibility.

    Col

    +
    0 Votes
    dldorrance

    The linux distributions I have tried all come as live CDs, which load linux into computer memory, but do not touch your HDD, so they do not in any way change what is on the HDD. You can explore the features of the linux distribution from the live CD. For instance if the computer has an internet connection, it will be enabled automatically by the linux distribution, so you can explore the internet. You can also examine the contents of your HDD.

    First decide which linux distribution you want to try out. Then download the ISO image to your computer and burn it to a CD as an ISO image, as per Col's post. If you wish to install the distribution you will be given the option to install it as a dual boot or as a replacement for the OS on your HDD. You probably don't need to nuke your HDD to clean it off. If you chose to replace your present OS, the linux distribution will reformat your HDD automatically. If you decide not to burn your own CD from a downloaded image you should be able to order a CD http://www.linuxcd.org/ .

    If you are a Windows user, I would suggest trying an older version of Mint Linux, which will work on any computer (some of the newer linux versions require a choice in order to work on computers containing Intel graphics chips). Try the second option on this link for Mint 7 http://www.linuxmint.com/release.php?id=11 .

    If you prefer to purchase a CD, on the first link above choose Ubuntu 8.04 .

    The only linux distribution I had some trouble with was Mint Debian, as this distribution assumed knowledge of hard drive partitioning and required knowledge of to use the partitioning program (gparted).

    +
    0 Votes
    seanferd

    You are generally offered a good default partitioning scheme, which is useful if, say, you want a dual-boot option.

    +
    1 Votes
    foniklas

    OH smeg, hi, why propose something from3 years ago?
    ubuntu10.10 is current, in 32 and 64 bit.
    Download, pop it in, decide if LiveCD, dual boot or wipe and install.
    Go for an espresso, come back and see your Network up and the printer connected.
    Good Luck,
    fon

    +
    0 Votes
    dldorrance

    Why offer an older version of Ubuntu? The original poster, by the nature of the question, appeared to have a curiosity about Linux and was asking for some information on how to try it out. A positive experience would be a worthy goal. The original poster may well be familiar with Windows, where details of the chips populating the motherboard are totally irrelevant. Sadly, this is not the case with certain popular distributions of Linux, namely Ubuntu (as well as others).

    Ubuntu 8.xx was the most recent version of Ubuntu Linux which worked out of the box with computers employing Intel (vs Nvidia) graphics. Beyond 8.xx one needed to make a choice at the beginning of the installation process, as the default would would ultimately result a black monitor screen, hence an unsuccessful first Linux experience.

    +
    1 Votes
    Thmiuatga

    For installation, you'll need 3 partitions: Root, Swap and Home. The root partition will probably be about 2 gigabytes in size, Swap is about 1/4 of the RAM in your system and the Home takes the remainder. The installation process continues as files are installed. You will be required to set up login info. Set your Root password and then user name and password for it. It is strongly suggested that you do not log into the system as root on a regular basis which is why you have to set up a separate account from Root. If you log in as root you could do serious damage to your installation that can only be repaired by a complete and clean reinstall.
    Once the installation of packages, hardware detection and setup is done, you will be prompted to restart your system.

    +
    1 Votes
    andrew.myers

    First, backup everything you need to keep.
    Second, choose a popular distribution - google distrowatch.
    Third, install as dual boot, this means using a part of the disk for Linux and leaving the existing Windows on the other part. Most distributions will automatically offer this as an alternative. Then you can go back to Windows if you don't like Linux.
    Fourth read all the instructions on the installation carefully.
    Fifth enjoy Linux, I have been using it for ten years or more as my OS of choice.

    Andrew