American University

Displaying 1-19 of 19 results

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Mitigating Security and Privacy Risks in the Cloud

    Within the fast growing era of the internet and distributed systems, a need presented itself to establish a virtual platform where the people can perform all their tasks and computations without incurring all the costs associated with building an infrastructure, maintaining it and at the end having to upgrade it...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Business Process Reengineering: Strategic Tool for Managing Organizational Change an Application in a Multinational Company

    Increased competition and globalization compels most organizations to become innovative and adopt change approaches. Business Process Reengineering is one of the most popular change management approaches that can bring incredible solutions to corporations. BPR has arisen as a solution for companies to improve their performances; elevate their efficiencies and gain...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A New Proposed Technique to Improve Software Regression Testing Cost

    In this paper, the authors describe the regression test process to test and verify the changes made on software. A developed technique use the automation test based on decision tree and test selection process in order to reduce the testing cost is given. The developed technique is applied to a...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Labor Force Participation, Gender And Work In South Africa: What Can Time Use Data Reveal?

    The utilization of time use data for exploring employment issues has received little attention in economic analysis. Using data from the 2000 South African national time use survey the authors argue that a gender-aware understanding of how men and women organize their daily life can help identify labor market and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Increasing Inequality, Inadequate Demand, Status Insecurity, Ideology, And The Financial Crisis Of 2008

    The most widely embraced explanations of the financial crisis of 2008 have centered upon inadequate regulation stemming from laissez-faire ideology, combined with low interest rates. Although these widely-acknowledged causal factors are true, beneath them lies a deeper determining force that has received less notice: the dramatic increase in inequality in...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Gender Equality In The U.S. Labor Markets In The "Great Recession" Of 2007-2010

    The "Great Recession" of 2007-2009, the worst economic downturn faced by the U.S. economy since the Great Depression, has also come to be known as the "Great Man-cession" in that job loss hit males harder than females. By contrast, this paper argues that the "Man-cession" story is far too simple....

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Performance Evaluation of a Noncoherent Digital Delay-Locked Loop in Rayleigh Fading Channels

    PN code tracking is one of the most important factors that affect the performance of spread spectrum receivers. It is desirable to maintain PN code tracking for a long period of time and with high accuracy. This paper presents a non-coherent digital Delay-Locked Loop (DLL) for code tracking in Direct-Sequence...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    A New Security Paradigm of File Sharing

    Windows Right Management Services (WRMS) proves its ability in protecting RMS-enabled information from unauthorized use no matter where this information goes inside or outside the organization. Windows right management services protect RMS-enabled files or applications from unauthorized users. However, the offered security on the whole file prevents other trusted recipients...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    A Channel-Aware and Occupancy-Dependent Scheduler for Video Transmission Over Wireless Channels

    In this paper, the authors propose an adaptive and fair priority scheduler for video streaming over wireless links. The proposed scheme selects the client to be served based on the instantaneous occupancy of the decoder buffers of the wireless clients as well as the quality of the channel as seen...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Rising Inequality And The Financial Crises Of 1929 And 2008

    Inequality increased dramatically in the decades leading up to the financial crises of both 1929 and 2008. Yet students of both crises have largely ignored any role that rising inequality might have played in rendering the financial sector more vulnerable to systemic dysfunction. This paper draws upon the work of...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Recession And The Social Economy

    In recessions, there is typically an increase in unmet basic needs - for food, shelter and health care. While government programs offset these to some extent, and friends and family may also help, an important role is also played by the "Social economy," i.e. private, nonprofit organizations relying primarily on...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    A Joint Power Allocation and Adaptive Channel Coding Scheme for Image Transmission Over Wireless Channels

    In this paper, a joint adaptive power allocation and channel coding optimization scheme is proposed. This scheme exploits the difference in importance among bits used to represent an image or video signal. An offline iterative algorithm is developed to find the optimum combination of coding and power to be used...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Fiscal Policy And Growth In Saudi Arabia

    Whether government spending can boost the pace of economic growth is widely debated. In the neoclassical growth model, it is supplies of productive resources and productivity that determine growth in the long-run. In endogenous growth models, an increase in government spending may raise the steady-state rate of growth due to...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    The Impact Of The Economic Crisis On Women's Economic Empowerment

    This paper argues that a systematic gender analysis of the current crisis is critical to develop viable solutions and for furthering the trend toward gender equality. It analyzes the short- and long-term impact of the current economic crisis with a focus on developing countries. It identifies the multiple channels and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Crowding Out Intrinsic Motivation? The Role Of Performance-Related Pay

    This paper attempts to expand upon the current debate involving the relationship between performance-related pay and public service motivation. Two models are used to examine how variable pay influences public service motivation and job satisfaction among a sample of city managers, assistant city managers, and department heads. Findings support the...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Increasing Inequality, Status Insecurity, Ideology, And The Financial Crisis Of 2008

    The current financial crisis has been blamed on inadequate regulation stemming from laissez-faire ideology, combined with low interest rates. But beneath these widely-acknowledged causal factors lies a deeper underlying determining cause that has received less notice: the dramatic increase in inequality in the U.S. over the preceding 35 years. This...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // May 2009

    A Full Image of the Wormhole Attacks Towards Introducing Complex Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    In this paper, the authors are concerned of a particularly severe security attack that affects the ad hoc networks routing protocols, it is called the wormhole attack. They can think of wormhole attack as a two phase process launched by one or several malicious nodes. In the first phase, these...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Can The EU Become A Global Player?

    The birth of the European Economic Community and the EURATOM represented the materialization of a new and brave idea about the role which the economical integration could play in ensuring the peace, stability and prosperity of the people in member states. Nobody can make today abstraction of the presence and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The Real Effect Of Foreign Banks

    Although foreign banks can act as catalysts for financial and economic development their role remains controversial because they might simply displace local lenders thereby tightening firms' overall access to credit. To settle this issue, the authors study their effect on real economic activity in a large cross-section of developing and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Mitigating Security and Privacy Risks in the Cloud

    Within the fast growing era of the internet and distributed systems, a need presented itself to establish a virtual platform where the people can perform all their tasks and computations without incurring all the costs associated with building an infrastructure, maintaining it and at the end having to upgrade it...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Crowding Out Intrinsic Motivation? The Role Of Performance-Related Pay

    This paper attempts to expand upon the current debate involving the relationship between performance-related pay and public service motivation. Two models are used to examine how variable pay influences public service motivation and job satisfaction among a sample of city managers, assistant city managers, and department heads. Findings support the...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    A Joint Power Allocation and Adaptive Channel Coding Scheme for Image Transmission Over Wireless Channels

    In this paper, a joint adaptive power allocation and channel coding optimization scheme is proposed. This scheme exploits the difference in importance among bits used to represent an image or video signal. An offline iterative algorithm is developed to find the optimum combination of coding and power to be used...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    A Channel-Aware and Occupancy-Dependent Scheduler for Video Transmission Over Wireless Channels

    In this paper, the authors propose an adaptive and fair priority scheduler for video streaming over wireless links. The proposed scheme selects the client to be served based on the instantaneous occupancy of the decoder buffers of the wireless clients as well as the quality of the channel as seen...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Performance Evaluation of a Noncoherent Digital Delay-Locked Loop in Rayleigh Fading Channels

    PN code tracking is one of the most important factors that affect the performance of spread spectrum receivers. It is desirable to maintain PN code tracking for a long period of time and with high accuracy. This paper presents a non-coherent digital Delay-Locked Loop (DLL) for code tracking in Direct-Sequence...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // May 2009

    A Full Image of the Wormhole Attacks Towards Introducing Complex Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    In this paper, the authors are concerned of a particularly severe security attack that affects the ad hoc networks routing protocols, it is called the wormhole attack. They can think of wormhole attack as a two phase process launched by one or several malicious nodes. In the first phase, these...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Can The EU Become A Global Player?

    The birth of the European Economic Community and the EURATOM represented the materialization of a new and brave idea about the role which the economical integration could play in ensuring the peace, stability and prosperity of the people in member states. Nobody can make today abstraction of the presence and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Labor Force Participation, Gender And Work In South Africa: What Can Time Use Data Reveal?

    The utilization of time use data for exploring employment issues has received little attention in economic analysis. Using data from the 2000 South African national time use survey the authors argue that a gender-aware understanding of how men and women organize their daily life can help identify labor market and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Increasing Inequality, Inadequate Demand, Status Insecurity, Ideology, And The Financial Crisis Of 2008

    The most widely embraced explanations of the financial crisis of 2008 have centered upon inadequate regulation stemming from laissez-faire ideology, combined with low interest rates. Although these widely-acknowledged causal factors are true, beneath them lies a deeper determining force that has received less notice: the dramatic increase in inequality in...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Gender Equality In The U.S. Labor Markets In The "Great Recession" Of 2007-2010

    The "Great Recession" of 2007-2009, the worst economic downturn faced by the U.S. economy since the Great Depression, has also come to be known as the "Great Man-cession" in that job loss hit males harder than females. By contrast, this paper argues that the "Man-cession" story is far too simple....

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Rising Inequality And The Financial Crises Of 1929 And 2008

    Inequality increased dramatically in the decades leading up to the financial crises of both 1929 and 2008. Yet students of both crises have largely ignored any role that rising inequality might have played in rendering the financial sector more vulnerable to systemic dysfunction. This paper draws upon the work of...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    The Impact Of The Economic Crisis On Women's Economic Empowerment

    This paper argues that a systematic gender analysis of the current crisis is critical to develop viable solutions and for furthering the trend toward gender equality. It analyzes the short- and long-term impact of the current economic crisis with a focus on developing countries. It identifies the multiple channels and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Increasing Inequality, Status Insecurity, Ideology, And The Financial Crisis Of 2008

    The current financial crisis has been blamed on inadequate regulation stemming from laissez-faire ideology, combined with low interest rates. But beneath these widely-acknowledged causal factors lies a deeper underlying determining cause that has received less notice: the dramatic increase in inequality in the U.S. over the preceding 35 years. This...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Recession And The Social Economy

    In recessions, there is typically an increase in unmet basic needs - for food, shelter and health care. While government programs offset these to some extent, and friends and family may also help, an important role is also played by the "Social economy," i.e. private, nonprofit organizations relying primarily on...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Fiscal Policy And Growth In Saudi Arabia

    Whether government spending can boost the pace of economic growth is widely debated. In the neoclassical growth model, it is supplies of productive resources and productivity that determine growth in the long-run. In endogenous growth models, an increase in government spending may raise the steady-state rate of growth due to...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The Real Effect Of Foreign Banks

    Although foreign banks can act as catalysts for financial and economic development their role remains controversial because they might simply displace local lenders thereby tightening firms' overall access to credit. To settle this issue, the authors study their effect on real economic activity in a large cross-section of developing and...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A New Proposed Technique to Improve Software Regression Testing Cost

    In this paper, the authors describe the regression test process to test and verify the changes made on software. A developed technique use the automation test based on decision tree and test selection process in order to reduce the testing cost is given. The developed technique is applied to a...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Business Process Reengineering: Strategic Tool for Managing Organizational Change an Application in a Multinational Company

    Increased competition and globalization compels most organizations to become innovative and adopt change approaches. Business Process Reengineering is one of the most popular change management approaches that can bring incredible solutions to corporations. BPR has arisen as a solution for companies to improve their performances; elevate their efficiencies and gain...

    Provided By American University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    A New Security Paradigm of File Sharing

    Windows Right Management Services (WRMS) proves its ability in protecting RMS-enabled information from unauthorized use no matter where this information goes inside or outside the organization. Windows right management services protect RMS-enabled files or applications from unauthorized users. However, the offered security on the whole file prevents other trusted recipients...

    Provided By American University