Australian National University

Displaying 1-40 of 87 results

  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Scheduling Advantages of Network Coded Storage in Point-to-Multipoint Networks

    The authors consider scheduling strategies for Point-to-MultiPoint (PMP) Storage Area Networks (SANs) that use Network Coded Storage (NCS). In particular, they present a simple SAN system model, two server scheduling algorithms for PMP networks, and analytical expressions for internal and external blocking probability. They point to select scheduling advantages in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2014

    When Does Relay Transmission Give a More Secure Connection in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks?

    Relay transmission can enhance coverage and throughput, while it can be vulnerable to eavesdropping attacks due to the additional transmission of the source message at the relay. Thus, whether or not one should use relay transmission for secure communication is an interesting and important problem. In this paper, the authors...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2014

    Efficient Cycle-Accurate Simulation of the UltraSPARC III CPU

    In this paper, the authors present a novel technique for cycle-accurate simulation of the Central Processing Unit (CPU) of a modern superscalar processor, the Ultra-SPARC III Cu processor. The technique is based on adding a module to an existing fetch-decode-execute style of CPU simulator, rather than the traditional method of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2013

    Wireless Physical Layer Security with Imperfect Channel State Information: A Survey

    Physical layer security is an emerging technique to improve the wireless communication security, which is widely regarded as a complement to cryptographic technologies. To design physical layer security techniques under practical scenarios, the uncertainty and imperfections in the channel knowledge need to be taken into consideration. This paper provides a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Tableaux for Verification of Data-Centric Processes

    Current approaches to analyzing dynamic systems are mostly grounded in propositional (temporal) logics. As a consequence, they often lack expressivity for modeling rich data structures and reasoning about them in the course of a computation. To address this problem, the authors propose a rich modeling framework based on first-order logic...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Reporting an Experience on Design and Implementation of e-Health Systems on Azure Cloud

    Electronic Health (e-Health) technology has brought the world with significant transformation from traditional paper-based medical practice to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)-based systems for automatic management (storage, processing, and archiving) of information. Traditionally e-Health systems have been designed to operate within stovepipes on dedicated networks, physical computers, and locally managed...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    Centralized and Cooperative Transmission of Secure Multiple Unicasts Using Network Coding

    The authors introduce a method for securely delivering a set of messages to a group of clients over a broadcast erasure channel where each client is interested in a distinct message. Each client is able to obtain its own message but not the others'. In the proposed method the messages...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    Random Linear Network Codes for Secrecy Over Wireless Broadcast Channels

    The authors consider a set of n messages and a group of k clients. Each client is privileged for receiving an arbitrary subset of the messages over a broadcast erasure channel, which generalizes scenario of a previous work. They propose a method for secretly delivering each message to its privileged...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    Enhancing Secrecy with Sectorized Transmission in Decentralized Wireless Networks

    In this paper, the authors combine sectorized transmission with artificial noise to establish secrecy in decentralized wireless networks. The locations of the legitimate nodes and the eavesdroppers are both modeled by homogeneous Poisson point processes. Using sectorized antennas, each legitimate transmitter sends an information signal in the sector which contains...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    DSTBC Based DF Cooperative Networks in the Presence of Timing and Frequency Offsets

    In Decode-and-Forward (DF) relaying networks, the received signal at the destination may be affected by multiple impairments such as multiple channel gains, Multiple Timing Offsets (MTOs), and Multiple Carrier Frequency Offsets (MCFOs). This paper proposes novel optimal and sub-optimal Minimum Mean-Square Error (MMSE) receiver designs at the destination node to...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analytical Evaluation of Coverage-Oriented Femtocell Network Deployment

    This paper proposes a coverage-oriented femtocell network deployment scheme, in which the femtocell Base Stations (BSs) can decide whether to be active or inactive depending on their distances from the macrocell BSs. Specifically, as the areas close to the macrocell BSs already have satisfactory cellular coverage, the femtocell BSs located...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    On Evaluating Commercial Cloud Services: A Systematic Review

    By allowing customers to access computing services without owning computing infrastructures, cloud computing has emerged as one of the most promising computing paradigms in industry. Correspondingly, there are more and more commercial cloud services supplied by an increasing number of providers available in the market. Since different and competitive cloud...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    On the Physical Layer Security in Large Scale Cellular Networks

    This paper studies the information-theoretic secrecy performance in large-scale cellular networks based on a stochastic geometry framework. The locations of both base stations and the mobile users are modeled as independent two-dimensional Poisson point processes. The authors consider a key feature of the cellular network, namely, information exchange between base...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Impact of Channel Estimation Error on Secure Transmission Design

    In this paper, the authors investigate the secure transmission design with practical assumptions on the Channel State Information (CSI). Specifically, the CSI of the legitimate link is imperfectly estimated and the CSI of the eavesdropper is unknown to the legitimate users. They derive both a fixed-rate and an adaptiverate transmission...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Root Optimization of Polynomials in the Number Field Sieve

    The general number field sieve is the most efficient algorithm known for factoring large integers. It consists of several stages including polynomial selection, sieving, filtering, linear algebra and finding square roots. The General Number Field Sieve (GNFS) is the most efficient algorithm known for factoring large integers. It consists of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Outage Probability of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Cooperative Relaying

    In this paper, the authors analyze the performance of cooperative transmissions in wireless ad hoc networks with random node locations. According to a contention probability for message transmission, each source node can either transmits its own message signal or acts as a potential relay for others. Hence, each destination node...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Tracking Large-Scale Video Remix in Real-World Events

    Social information networks, such as YouTube, contains traces of both explicit online interaction (such as like, leaving a comment, or subscribing to video feed), and latent interactions (such as quoting, or remixing parts of a video). The authors propose visual memes, or frequently re-posted short video segments, for tracking such...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Energy Efficient Coded Cooperative Data Exchange for Mobile Users

    In this paper, the authors generalize the problem of network coded cooperative data exchange from a fixed broadcast topology to dynamic networks with mobile peers. In this problem a group of wireless clients are interested in obtaining a set of packets through cooperation, where each client initially holds a subset...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Coded Cooperative Data Exchange for Multiple Unicasts

    The advantages of coded cooperative data exchange have been studied in the literature. In this problem, a group of wireless clients are interested in the same set of packets (a multicast scenario). Each client initially holds a subset of packets and wills to obtain its missing packets in a cooperative...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Is It Really Greener in the Cloud? an Investigation of Energy Trends in Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing has become a popular method of IT deployment in the last decade, most visibly through the rise of online services and social media. Recent reports claim that businesses can achieve significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by shifting their processes to the cloud. These studies do not consider...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Unpicking the Knot: Teasing Apart VM/Application Interdependencies

    Flexible and efficient runtime design requires an understanding of the dependencies among the components internal to the runtime and those between the application and the runtime. These dependencies are frequently unclear. This problem exists in all runtime design, and is most vivid in a met circular runtime - one that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    Temporal Consistency Among Five-Sensory Events: Application to Multimedia Technology

    While transmitting multi or five-sensory information after transduction, the concept of temporal consistency becomes an important issue at the receiving end from the point of view of context. Any violation of temporal consistency among the different decoded sensory information can lead to a failure of context, thereby making the multisensory...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Non-Parametric Kernel Learning with Robust Pairwise Constraints

    For existing kernel learning based semi-supervised clustering algorithms, it is generally difficult to scale well with large scale datasets and robust pairwise constraints. In this paper, the authors proposed a new Non-Parametric Kernel Learning framework (NPKL) to deal with these problems. They generalized the graph embedding framework into kernel learning,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    A Generalized Model for Cost and Fairness Analysis in Coded Cooperative Data Exchange

    The authors consider the issues of cost and fairness in the problem of cooperative data exchange among a group of wireless clients. In this problem, each client initially holds a subset of packets and needs to obtain the full set of packets through cooperation with other clients via a shared...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Financial Intermediation And The International Business Cycle: The Case Of Small Countries With Big Banks

    The authors examine the transmission mechanism of banking sector shocks in a two-country DSGE model. Assuming that the home country is small relative to the rest of world, they find that spillovers from foreign banking sector shocks are modest unless banks in the small country hold foreign banking assets. The...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Global Implications Of Japanese Economic Stagnation

    Despite its key contribution to global economic growth through the 1960s and 1970s, in recent decades the rise of China has seen the importance of Japan recede from the public discourse. This is notwithstanding its continuing key role as investor and trading partner. Yet this role has been threatened by...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Voting On Income-Contingent Loans For Higher Education

    The authors consider risk-averse individuals who differ in two characteristics - ability to benefit from education and inherited wealth - and analyze higher education participation under two alternative financing schemes - tax subsidy and (risk-sharing) income-contingent loans. With decreasing absolute risk aversion, wealthier individuals are more likely to undertake higher...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Secrecy Transmission Capacity of Decentralized Wireless Networks

    Secure communication over large-scale decentralized wireless networks is an extremely challenging task due to the cost and difficulty in establishing secret keys among all the nodes in a distributed manner. For this reason, the notion of physical layer security has recently drawn significant attention, which may assist with key exchange...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Privacy Concerns of Users for Location-Based Mobile Personalization

    With the proliferation of mobile technologies many firms have started using the mobile channel to advertise their products. To reduce the amount of irrelevant broadcast, location-based mobile services are employed to attract users' attention to relevant mobile content. Compared with web-based applications, location-based mobile services can achieve a higher degree...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Economic Growth And Political Survival

    Using data for 160 countries for the period 1963-2001, this paper examines the short-run relationship between economic growth and changes in national leader. To address the potential endogeneity of economic growth, the authors use exogenous variation in commodity export prices, export partner incomes, precipitation, and temperature to instrument for a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    A Capital Mistake-The Neglected Effect Of Immigration On Average Wages

    Much recent literature on the wage effects of immigration assumes that the return to capital, and therefore the average wage, is unaffected in the long run. If immigration is modelled as a continuous flow rather than a one off shock, this result does not necessarily hold. A simple calibration with...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Inflation Variability And The Relationship Between Inflation And Growth

    The authors examine the effect of inflation variability and economic growth using annual historical data on both developing and developed countries. The data cover 182 developing countries and 31 developed countries for the period 1961-2009. Proxying inflation variability by the five-year coefficient of variation of inflation, they obtain the following...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Asian Trade Flows: Trends, Patterns And Projections

    This paper provides trade flow projections for major Asian Developing Economies (ADEs) for the next two decades against the backdrop of an in-depth analysis of policy shifts and trade patterns over the past 4 decades. Merchandise trade of ADEs has grown at a much faster rate in the global context,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Market Inefficiency, Insurance Mandate And Welfare: U.S. Health Care Reform 2010

    In this paper, the authors develop a stochastic dynamic general equilibrium OverLapping generations (OLG) model with endogenous health capital to study the macroeconomic effects of the Affordable Care Act of March 2010 also known as the Obama health care reform. They find that the insurance mandate enforced with fines and...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    DDoS Protections for SMTP Servers

    Many businesses rely on email of some form for their day to day operation. This is especially true for product support organizations, who are largely unable to perform their role in the company if they're in boxes are flooded with malicious email, or if important email is delayed because of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Alternative Decision Tree Learning Algorithm

    The application of boosting procedures to decision tree algorithms has been shown to produce very accurate classifiers. These classifiers are in the form of a majority vote over a number of decision are often large, complex and difficult to interpret. This paper describes a new type of classification rule, the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Economic Growth, Law And Corruption: Evidence From India

    Is corruption influenced by economic growth? Are legal institutions such as the "Right to Information Act (RTI) 2005" in India effective in curbing corruption? Using a novel panel dataset covering 20 Indian states and the periods 2005 and 2008, the authors are able to estimate the causal effects of economic...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Distributed Fault Detection for Interconnected Second-Order Systems With Applications to Power Networks

    Observers for distributed fault detection of interconnected second-order linear time invariant systems are studied. Particularly, networked systems under consensus protocols are considered and it is proved that for these systems one can construct a bank of so called unknown input observers, and use their output to detect and isolate possible...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Incomplete Markets, Small Open Economy Monetary Policy And Equilibrium Determinacy

    The authors propose an alternative and simple small open economy model with incomplete international asset markets. Asset market incompleteness breaks the "Monetary-policy isomorphism" between the small open economy and its closed economy limit; and the real exchange rate is a fundamental variable in determining the equilibrium. This explicit equilibrium exchange...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Towards a Low-Complexity Dynamic Decode-and-Forward Relay Protocol

    The dynamic DecoDe-and-Forward (DDF) relaying protocol is a relatively new cooperative scheme which has been shown to achieve promising theoretical results in terms of diversity-multiplexing gain tradeoff and error rates. The case of a single relay has been extensively studied in the literature and several techniques to approach the optimum...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Root Optimization of Polynomials in the Number Field Sieve

    The general number field sieve is the most efficient algorithm known for factoring large integers. It consists of several stages including polynomial selection, sieving, filtering, linear algebra and finding square roots. The General Number Field Sieve (GNFS) is the most efficient algorithm known for factoring large integers. It consists of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Outage Probability of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Cooperative Relaying

    In this paper, the authors analyze the performance of cooperative transmissions in wireless ad hoc networks with random node locations. According to a contention probability for message transmission, each source node can either transmits its own message signal or acts as a potential relay for others. Hence, each destination node...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analytical Evaluation of Coverage-Oriented Femtocell Network Deployment

    This paper proposes a coverage-oriented femtocell network deployment scheme, in which the femtocell Base Stations (BSs) can decide whether to be active or inactive depending on their distances from the macrocell BSs. Specifically, as the areas close to the macrocell BSs already have satisfactory cellular coverage, the femtocell BSs located...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    On the Physical Layer Security in Large Scale Cellular Networks

    This paper studies the information-theoretic secrecy performance in large-scale cellular networks based on a stochastic geometry framework. The locations of both base stations and the mobile users are modeled as independent two-dimensional Poisson point processes. The authors consider a key feature of the cellular network, namely, information exchange between base...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Impact of Channel Estimation Error on Secure Transmission Design

    In this paper, the authors investigate the secure transmission design with practical assumptions on the Channel State Information (CSI). Specifically, the CSI of the legitimate link is imperfectly estimated and the CSI of the eavesdropper is unknown to the legitimate users. They derive both a fixed-rate and an adaptiverate transmission...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    Centralized and Cooperative Transmission of Secure Multiple Unicasts Using Network Coding

    The authors introduce a method for securely delivering a set of messages to a group of clients over a broadcast erasure channel where each client is interested in a distinct message. Each client is able to obtain its own message but not the others'. In the proposed method the messages...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    DSTBC Based DF Cooperative Networks in the Presence of Timing and Frequency Offsets

    In Decode-and-Forward (DF) relaying networks, the received signal at the destination may be affected by multiple impairments such as multiple channel gains, Multiple Timing Offsets (MTOs), and Multiple Carrier Frequency Offsets (MCFOs). This paper proposes novel optimal and sub-optimal Minimum Mean-Square Error (MMSE) receiver designs at the destination node to...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    Random Linear Network Codes for Secrecy Over Wireless Broadcast Channels

    The authors consider a set of n messages and a group of k clients. Each client is privileged for receiving an arbitrary subset of the messages over a broadcast erasure channel, which generalizes scenario of a previous work. They propose a method for secretly delivering each message to its privileged...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Coded Cooperative Data Exchange for Multiple Unicasts

    The advantages of coded cooperative data exchange have been studied in the literature. In this problem, a group of wireless clients are interested in the same set of packets (a multicast scenario). Each client initially holds a subset of packets and wills to obtain its missing packets in a cooperative...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Energy Efficient Coded Cooperative Data Exchange for Mobile Users

    In this paper, the authors generalize the problem of network coded cooperative data exchange from a fixed broadcast topology to dynamic networks with mobile peers. In this problem a group of wireless clients are interested in obtaining a set of packets through cooperation, where each client initially holds a subset...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    A Generalized Model for Cost and Fairness Analysis in Coded Cooperative Data Exchange

    The authors consider the issues of cost and fairness in the problem of cooperative data exchange among a group of wireless clients. In this problem, each client initially holds a subset of packets and needs to obtain the full set of packets through cooperation with other clients via a shared...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    A Feedback-Based Adaptive Broadcast Coding Scheme for Reducing In-Order Delivery Delay

    The authors propose a new feedback-based adaptive coding scheme for a packet erasure broadcast channel. The main performance metric of interest is the delay. They consider two types of delay - decoding delay and delivery delay. Decoding delay is the time difference between the instant when the packet is de-coded...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Reporting an Experience on Design and Implementation of e-Health Systems on Azure Cloud

    Electronic Health (e-Health) technology has brought the world with significant transformation from traditional paper-based medical practice to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)-based systems for automatic management (storage, processing, and archiving) of information. Traditionally e-Health systems have been designed to operate within stovepipes on dedicated networks, physical computers, and locally managed...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Unpicking the Knot: Teasing Apart VM/Application Interdependencies

    Flexible and efficient runtime design requires an understanding of the dependencies among the components internal to the runtime and those between the application and the runtime. These dependencies are frequently unclear. This problem exists in all runtime design, and is most vivid in a met circular runtime - one that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Will New Trends In Foreign Direct Investment Change The Structure Of Intra-Industry Trade Between China And Japan?

    It is generally believed that Japan's cost-oriented and export-oriented direct investment has introduced a bilateral intra-industry trade pattern in China - Japan trade through which China imports accessories from Japan, processes them and exports the product to Japan. Based on investment and trade data in the machinery sector, this paper...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Alternative Decision Tree Learning Algorithm

    The application of boosting procedures to decision tree algorithms has been shown to produce very accurate classifiers. These classifiers are in the form of a majority vote over a number of decision are often large, complex and difficult to interpret. This paper describes a new type of classification rule, the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    DDoS Protections for SMTP Servers

    Many businesses rely on email of some form for their day to day operation. This is especially true for product support organizations, who are largely unable to perform their role in the company if they're in boxes are flooded with malicious email, or if important email is delayed because of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Is Foreign Aid A Vanguard Of Foreign Direct Investment? A Gravity-Equation Approach

    This paper investigates whether and how foreign aid facilitates Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows into less developed countries. The authors employ a large data set of source-recipient country pairs and conduct gravity equation-type estimation. Our empirical methodology enables one to examine an effect through which aid from a donor country...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Insular Decision-Making In The Board Room: Why Boards Retain And Hire Sub-Standard Ceos

    It is widely believed that corporate boards are overly reluctant to fire their CEOs. The conventional explanation for retaining a CEO regardless of his/her talent is that a CEO chooses the board members and has the power to fire them. However, very few studies have investigated how a new CEO...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Towards a Low-Complexity Dynamic Decode-and-Forward Relay Protocol

    The dynamic DecoDe-and-Forward (DDF) relaying protocol is a relatively new cooperative scheme which has been shown to achieve promising theoretical results in terms of diversity-multiplexing gain tradeoff and error rates. The case of a single relay has been extensively studied in the literature and several techniques to approach the optimum...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    A New Local Distance-Based Outlier Detection Approach for Scattered Real-World Data

    Detecting outliers which are grossly different from or inconsistent with the remaining dataset is a major challenge in real-world KDD applications. Existing outlier detection methods are ineffective on scattered real-world datasets due to implicit data patterns and parameter setting issues. The authors define a novel Local Distance-based Outlier Factor (LDOF)...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Competition Among The Manufacturing Exporters Of China And ASEAN In The U.S. Market, 1994-2001

    This paper aims to compare changes in the competitive position of China and ASEAN-4 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand) as exporters of manufactured goods to the US market between 1994 and 2001. Both static and dynamic shift-share models are employed to the 2-digit ISIC 3 of manufacturing section to investigate...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Accountabililty And Institutions: The Path Of Parliamentary Accountability

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the contention that the scope and meaning of accountability has changed. In effect the contention is that accountability is being redefined to exclude the requirement for external scrutiny. An analytical framework based on the work of Bovens (2005), Sinclair (1995) and Grey...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Distributed Fault Detection for Interconnected Second-Order Systems With Applications to Power Networks

    Observers for distributed fault detection of interconnected second-order linear time invariant systems are studied. Particularly, networked systems under consensus protocols are considered and it is proved that for these systems one can construct a bank of so called unknown input observers, and use their output to detect and isolate possible...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    The Global Financial Crisis And Short-run Prospects For India

    This paper provides an overview of the impact of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) on the Indian economy. It identifies the channels through which the GFC has impacted the Indian economy and evaluates the stimulus packages that have been put in place by the government of India. Finally, the paper...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Global Production Sharing, Trade Patterns And Determinants Of Trade Flows

    This paper examines the extent and pattern of global production sharing, focusing on East Asia, and probes its implications for the analysis of the determinants of trade flows. Reflecting rapid global spread of production sharing, trade in parts and components has increased at a much faster rate than total manufacturing...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    East Asian Exports In The Global Economic Crisis: The Decoupling Fallacy And Post-crisis Policy Challenges

    This paper examines the export experience of East Asian economies in the aftermaths of the global financial crisis against the backdrop of pre-crisis trade patterns. The analysis is motivated by the 'Decoupling' thesis, the notion that the East Asian region has become a self-contained economic entity with potential for maintaining...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Dynamics Of Health Insurance Ownership In Vietnam, 2004 - 06

    Vietnam is undertaking health financing reform in an attempt to achieve universal health insurance coverage by 2014. Changes in health insurance policies have doubled the overall coverage between 2004 and 2006. However, close examination of Vietnam Living Standard Surveys during this period reveals that about one fifth of the insured...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Market Inefficiency, Insurance Mandate And Welfare: U.S. Health Care Reform 2010

    In this paper, the authors develop a stochastic dynamic general equilibrium OverLapping generations (OLG) model with endogenous health capital to study the macroeconomic effects of the Affordable Care Act of March 2010 also known as the Obama health care reform. They find that the insurance mandate enforced with fines and...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The New Global Crisis Makers: Economic Intervention And The Loss Of Strategic Leadership

    The "Crisis exaggerators" are telling us that current economic conditions amount to an "Unprecedented" global economic recession. This is historically incorrect. What is unprecedented is the degree to which economic commentators and political leaders are talking up economic downturn. What is their agenda? Could it be an attempt to prepare...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Global Implications Of Japanese Economic Stagnation

    Despite its key contribution to global economic growth through the 1960s and 1970s, in recent decades the rise of China has seen the importance of Japan recede from the public discourse. This is notwithstanding its continuing key role as investor and trading partner. Yet this role has been threatened by...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Indonesian Growth Dynamics

    This paper provides an analytical narrative of Indonesian economic growth over the past two decades. Particular attention is paid to the key economic crisis events of 1997-98 and 2008-09, and how and why Indonesia's response to them was completely different. The authors emphasize and illustrate how the years 1997-98 were...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Total Factor Productivity And Economic Growth In Indonesia

    This paper revisits the discussion about the contribution of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth to Indonesia's economic growth during 1970-2007. It re-estimates the contribution of TFP to economic growth during this period on the basis of new estimates of GDP, capital stock, education-adjusted employment, and factor income shares. After accounting...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    The Role Of Energy In Economic Growth

    Physics shows that energy is necessary for economic production and, therefore, economic growth but the mainstream theory of economic growth, except for specialized resource economics models, pays no attention to the role of energy. This paper reviews the relevant biophysical theory and mainstream, resource economics, and ecological economics models of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Economic Growth, Law And Corruption: Evidence From India

    Is corruption influenced by economic growth? Are legal institutions such as the "Right to Information Act (RTI) 2005" in India effective in curbing corruption? Using a novel panel dataset covering 20 Indian states and the periods 2005 and 2008, the authors are able to estimate the causal effects of economic...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Economic Growth And Political Survival

    Using data for 160 countries for the period 1963-2001, this paper examines the short-run relationship between economic growth and changes in national leader. To address the potential endogeneity of economic growth, the authors use exogenous variation in commodity export prices, export partner incomes, precipitation, and temperature to instrument for a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Japanese Aid As A Prerequisite For FDI: The Case Of Southeast Asian Countries

    This paper investigates the nexus between Japan's official development assistance and foreign direct investment inflows in Southeast Asian countries. An analysis of the geographical and sectoral decomposition of aid flows reveals that assistance programs were mainly allocated in the form of loans for economic infrastructure projects. This orientation attests that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Interaction Between Trade, Conflict And Cooperation: The Case Of Japan And China

    The complex interaction between trade and politics is analyzed for the Japan - China relationship using Granger causality tests. The purpose is to determine the presence and direction of causation between trade and political events, both positive and negative, and to gauge an idea of the lag length of causality....

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2006

    The Making Of Asia's First Bilateral FTA: Origins And Regional Implications Of The Japan - Singapore Economic Partnership Agreement

    This paper aims to examine how and why Japan and Singapore decided to pursue FTAs, what interests both perceived in their pursuit of FTAs, what elements contributed to both countries being linked in this trade policy arrangement, and what implications the JSEPA has had for the FTA movement in East...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Inflation Variability And The Relationship Between Inflation And Growth

    The authors examine the effect of inflation variability and economic growth using annual historical data on both developing and developed countries. The data cover 182 developing countries and 31 developed countries for the period 1961-2009. Proxying inflation variability by the five-year coefficient of variation of inflation, they obtain the following...

    Provided By Australian National University