Australian National University

Displaying 41-80 of 97 results

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Inflation, Macroeconomic Policy And Hunger: A Variation On A Theme

    This paper re-emphasizes the importance of price stability as a tool for macroeconomic policy and make it more specific by considering a typically (unanticipated) advantage of stabilizing the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The author briefly reviews the recent economic growth performance of the Indian economy and recounts the sluggish response...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Money, Capital And Exchange Rate Fluctuations

    The authors explore how the informational frictions underlying monetary exchange affect international exchange rate dynamics. Using a two-country, two-sector model, they show that information frictions imply a particular restriction on domestic price dynamics and hence on international nominal and real exchange rate determination. Furthermore, if capital is utilized as a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Small But Effective: India's Targeted Unconditional Cash Transfers

    India's approach to social security stresses the provision of subsidized food and public works. Targeted, unconditional cash transfers are little used, and have been little evaluated. An evaluation of cash transfers for the elderly and widows based on national household survey data and surveys on social pension utilization in two...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Does The Size And Quality Of The Government Explain The Size And Efficiency Of The Financial Sector?

    This paper examines the impact of two dimensions of the government, namely, size and quality, on two dimensions of the financial sector, size and efficiency, in a cross section of 71 economies. The paper finds that while increased quality of the government as measured by governance and legal origin positively...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Financial Frictions And Credit Spreads

    This paper uses the credit-friction model developed by Curdia and Woodford, in a series of papers, as the basis for attempting to mimic the behavior of credit spreads in moderate as well as in times of crisis. The authors are able to generate movements in representative credit spreads that are,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Indonesian Growth Dynamics

    This paper provides an analytical narrative of Indonesian economic growth over the past two decades. Particular attention is paid to the key economic crisis events of 1997-98 and 2008-09, and how and why Indonesia's response to them was completely different. The authors emphasize and illustrate how the years 1997-98 were...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    The Role Of Energy In Economic Growth

    Physics shows that energy is necessary for economic production and, therefore, economic growth but the mainstream theory of economic growth, except for specialized resource economics models, pays no attention to the role of energy. This paper reviews the relevant biophysical theory and mainstream, resource economics, and ecological economics models of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Dynamics Of Health Insurance Ownership In Vietnam, 2004 - 06

    Vietnam is undertaking health financing reform in an attempt to achieve universal health insurance coverage by 2014. Changes in health insurance policies have doubled the overall coverage between 2004 and 2006. However, close examination of Vietnam Living Standard Surveys during this period reveals that about one fifth of the insured...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Cloud Computing and Online Search and Advertising Markets: Obstacles to Competition

    This paper investigates obstacles to competition in the online advertising and search markets in Australia in the context of developments in cloud computing. It complements an earlier working paper that provides an overview of the industry. The focus is on the implications for regulation of emerging trends in the online...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Cloud Computing Online Search, and Advertising: Market Overview

    This paper is one of a series planned on the regulation of cloud computing and developments in online search and advertising. This paper thus provides an overview of the online search and advertising markets in the context of recent developments in cloud computing. This paper provides the context for further...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Accountabililty And Institutions: The Path Of Parliamentary Accountability

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the contention that the scope and meaning of accountability has changed. In effect the contention is that accountability is being redefined to exclude the requirement for external scrutiny. An analytical framework based on the work of Bovens (2005), Sinclair (1995) and Grey...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    East Asia In World Trade: The Decoupling Fallacy, Crisis And Policy Challenges

    This paper examines the export experience of China and other East Asian economies in the aftermaths of the global financial crisis against the backdrop of pre-crisis trade patterns. The analysis is motivated by the 'Decoupling' paper, which was a popular theme in the Asian policy circles in the lead-up to...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Global Production Sharing, Trade Patterns And Determinants Of Trade Flows

    This paper examines the extent and pattern of global production sharing, focusing on East Asia, and probes its implications for the analysis of the determinants of trade flows. Reflecting rapid global spread of production sharing, trade in parts and components has increased at a much faster rate than total manufacturing...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    A Feedback-Based Adaptive Broadcast Coding Scheme for Reducing In-Order Delivery Delay

    The authors propose a new feedback-based adaptive coding scheme for a packet erasure broadcast channel. The main performance metric of interest is the delay. They consider two types of delay - decoding delay and delivery delay. Decoding delay is the time difference between the instant when the packet is de-coded...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Financial Contagion And The Real Economy

    The global financial crisis of 2008 was a crisis affecting both the financial sector and the "Real economy". This paper analyzes the transmission of unexpected shocks from the financial sector in the US to other countries and sectors. The authors test the hypothesis that the financial crisis spread from the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Fiscal Policy With Intertemporally Non-Separable Preferences

    In this paper, the authors show that Ricardian equivalence does not hold in a representative agent framework if one considers goods whose current consumption affect future marginal utilities. They find that, when the intertemporal elasticity of substitution changes over time, the timing of lump sum taxation has an asymmetric effect...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    A New Local Distance-Based Outlier Detection Approach for Scattered Real-World Data

    Detecting outliers which are grossly different from or inconsistent with the remaining dataset is a major challenge in real-world KDD applications. Existing outlier detection methods are ineffective on scattered real-world datasets due to implicit data patterns and parameter setting issues. The authors define a novel Local Distance-based Outlier Factor (LDOF)...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    On Uplink Interference Scenarios in Two-Tier Macro and Femto Co-Existing UMTS Networks

    In this paper, a two-tier UMTS network is considered where a large number of randomly deployed Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) femtocells are laid under macrocells where the spectrum is shared. The co-channel interference between the cells may be a potential limiting factor for the system. The authors study...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Fiscal Policy, Composition Of Intergenerational Transfers, And Income Distribution

    In this paper, the authors characterize the relationship between the initial distribution of human capital and physical inheritances among individuals and the long-run distribution of these two variables. In a model with indivisible investment in education, they analyze how the initial distribution of income determines the posterior intergenerational mobility in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Japanese Aid As A Prerequisite For FDI: The Case Of Southeast Asian Countries

    This paper investigates the nexus between Japan's official development assistance and foreign direct investment inflows in Southeast Asian countries. An analysis of the geographical and sectoral decomposition of aid flows reveals that assistance programs were mainly allocated in the form of loans for economic infrastructure projects. This orientation attests that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Cooperative Routing for Wireless Networks With Multiple Shared Channels

    Transmission links in wireless networks suffer from independent channel fading. Cooperative routing technology with diversity transmission can exploit the randomness of the wireless channel and efficiently improve the network performance by selecting multiple cooperative nodes to forward the data. This paper proposes a novel Multiple Shared Channels Cooperative (MSCC) routing...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Fiscal Policies And Challenges In South Asia

    This paper presents a brief overview of the extant fiscal situation in South Asian countries. In particular, the author emphasizes low tax/GDP ratios and inelastic expenditure/GDP ratios which then lead to structurally entrenched fiscal deficits. The paper also reports on the sustainability of fiscal and current account deficits in the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Insular Decision-Making In The Board Room: Why Boards Retain And Hire Sub-Standard Ceos

    It is widely believed that corporate boards are overly reluctant to fire their CEOs. The conventional explanation for retaining a CEO regardless of his/her talent is that a CEO chooses the board members and has the power to fire them. However, very few studies have investigated how a new CEO...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Criminal Investigation: Is There A Skills Gap In Leadership, Management And Supervision?

    There is no silver bullet for improving the supervision, management and leadership of criminal investigations. The evidence base is too small to allow for the problem to be defined with any precision or for the way forward to be mapped out with any confidence. What is beyond doubt, is that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Runtime Verification of Cryptographic Protocols

    There has been a significant amount of work devoted to the static verification of security protocol designs. Virtually all of these results, when applied to an actual implementation of a security protocol, rely on certain implicit assumptions on the implementation (for example that the cryptographic checks that according to the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Globalisation And Labour Markets In Boom And Crisis: The Case Of Vietnam

    This paper examines the impact of the global financial crisis on the Vietnam labour market against the backdrop of economic performance and labour dynamics before the crisis. The impact on labour has been milder compared with several neighbouring countries, than might have been expected for a country with Vietnam's degree...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Is Foreign Aid A Vanguard Of Foreign Direct Investment? A Gravity-Equation Approach

    This paper investigates whether and how foreign aid facilitates Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows into less developed countries. The authors employ a large data set of source-recipient country pairs and conduct gravity equation-type estimation. Our empirical methodology enables one to examine an effect through which aid from a donor country...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Production Networks And Trade Patterns: East Asia In A Global Context

    This paper examines the implications of global production sharing for economic integration in East Asia, with emphasis on the behaviour of trade flows in the wake of the 2008 global economic crisis. It is found that, while 'Network trade' has generally grown faster than total world trade in manufacturing, the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Outward Direct Investment From India

    This paper examines emerging patterns and economic implications of Indian foreign direct investment from a historical perspective against the backdrop of the evolving role of developing-country firms (Emerging Multinational EnterpriseS, EMES) as an important force of economic globalisation. The novelty of the analysis lies in its specific focus on the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    East Asian Exports In The Global Economic Crisis: The Decoupling Fallacy And Post-crisis Policy Challenges

    This paper examines the export experience of East Asian economies in the aftermaths of the global financial crisis against the backdrop of pre-crisis trade patterns. The analysis is motivated by the 'Decoupling' thesis, the notion that the East Asian region has become a self-contained economic entity with potential for maintaining...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Modelling The Global Financial Crisis

    This paper models the global financial crisis as a combination of shocks to global housing markets and sharp increases in risk premia of firms, households and international investors in an intertemporal (or DSGE) global model. The model has six sectors of production and trade in 15 major economies and regions....

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Run-Time Security Traceability for Evolving Systems

    Security-critical systems are challenging to design and implement correctly and securely. A lot of vulnerabilities have been found in current software systems both at the specification and the implementation levels. This paper presents a comprehensive approach for model-based security assurance. Initially, it allows one to formally verify the design models...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Performance of Piconet Co-Existence Schemes in Wireless Body Area Networks

    Coexistence of multiple Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) is a very challenging problem because each piconet can have a large number of sensors and their movement is unpredictable. Moreover, suitable global coordination schemes do not exist as there is no natural choice of coordinator between piconets. Adaptive schemes that work...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Asian Trade: Long-Term Patterns And Key Policy Issues

    This paper offers an analytical interpretation of Asian trade patterns since the late 1960s, in the context of three general, conditioning factors: rapid growth and structural change, host country commercial policy environments, and institutional and technological factors governing global trade and investment patterns. Highlighting the diversity of trade structures and...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Aggregate And Sectoral Productivity Growth In Thailand And Indonesia

    Total factor productivity growth is studied in this paper for two countries, Thailand and Indonesia, from 1980 to 2006. The analysis is conducted at both the aggregate and sectoral levels. A feature of the analysis is the decomposition of aggregate total factor productivity growth into two components: productivity growth in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Trends And Patterns Of Foreign Direct Investments In Asia: A Comparative Perspective

    This paper examines Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in developing Asia over the past three decades with emphasis on two key issues: the implications of the ongoing process of international production fragmentation and the alleged 'Crowding out' effect of China's rise as a major host to FDI on the other countries...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Globalization Of R&D By US-Based Multinational Enterprises

    This paper examines patterns and determinants of overseas R&D investment by US-based manufacturing MNEs using a new panel dataset over the period 1990-2004. The analysis reveals that R&D intensity of operation of US MNE affiliates is mainly determined by the domestic market size, overall R&D capability and cost of hiring...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Competition Among The Manufacturing Exporters Of China And ASEAN In The U.S. Market, 1994-2001

    This paper aims to compare changes in the competitive position of China and ASEAN-4 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand) as exporters of manufactured goods to the US market between 1994 and 2001. Both static and dynamic shift-share models are employed to the 2-digit ISIC 3 of manufacturing section to investigate...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Market Reaction To The Announcement Of A Male-To-Female CEO Turnover

    This paper investigates the market reaction to a firm switching from a male CEO to a female CEO. The authors compare these firms against a four dimensional matched sample of male to male CEO appointments. Their results indicate that female CEO appointments are followed by small insignificant negative reactions, whereas...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    The Global Financial Crisis And Short-run Prospects For India

    This paper provides an overview of the impact of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) on the Indian economy. It identifies the channels through which the GFC has impacted the Indian economy and evaluates the stimulus packages that have been put in place by the government of India. Finally, the paper...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Outward Direct Investment From India

    This paper examines emerging patterns and economic implications of Indian foreign direct investment from a historical perspective against the backdrop of the evolving role of developing-country firms (Emerging Multinational EnterpriseS, EMES) as an important force of economic globalisation. The novelty of the analysis lies in its specific focus on the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Asian Trade: Long-Term Patterns And Key Policy Issues

    This paper offers an analytical interpretation of Asian trade patterns since the late 1960s, in the context of three general, conditioning factors: rapid growth and structural change, host country commercial policy environments, and institutional and technological factors governing global trade and investment patterns. Highlighting the diversity of trade structures and...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Aggregate And Sectoral Productivity Growth In Thailand And Indonesia

    Total factor productivity growth is studied in this paper for two countries, Thailand and Indonesia, from 1980 to 2006. The analysis is conducted at both the aggregate and sectoral levels. A feature of the analysis is the decomposition of aggregate total factor productivity growth into two components: productivity growth in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Trends And Patterns Of Foreign Direct Investments In Asia: A Comparative Perspective

    This paper examines Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in developing Asia over the past three decades with emphasis on two key issues: the implications of the ongoing process of international production fragmentation and the alleged 'Crowding out' effect of China's rise as a major host to FDI on the other countries...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Globalization Of R&D By US-Based Multinational Enterprises

    This paper examines patterns and determinants of overseas R&D investment by US-based manufacturing MNEs using a new panel dataset over the period 1990-2004. The analysis reveals that R&D intensity of operation of US MNE affiliates is mainly determined by the domestic market size, overall R&D capability and cost of hiring...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Global Implications Of Japanese Economic Stagnation

    Despite its key contribution to global economic growth through the 1960s and 1970s, in recent decades the rise of China has seen the importance of Japan recede from the public discourse. This is notwithstanding its continuing key role as investor and trading partner. Yet this role has been threatened by...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Indonesian Growth Dynamics

    This paper provides an analytical narrative of Indonesian economic growth over the past two decades. Particular attention is paid to the key economic crisis events of 1997-98 and 2008-09, and how and why Indonesia's response to them was completely different. The authors emphasize and illustrate how the years 1997-98 were...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2008

    Unbundled Institutions, Human Capital And Growth

    The authors investigate the partial effects of institutions and human capital on growth. They find that cross-country regressions of the log-level of per capita GDP on instrumented measures of institutions and schooling are uninformative about the relative importance of institutions and human capital in the long run because of multicollinearity...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Total Factor Productivity And Economic Growth In Indonesia

    This paper revisits the discussion about the contribution of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth to Indonesia's economic growth during 1970-2007. It re-estimates the contribution of TFP to economic growth during this period on the basis of new estimates of GDP, capital stock, education-adjusted employment, and factor income shares. After accounting...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    The Role Of Energy In Economic Growth

    Physics shows that energy is necessary for economic production and, therefore, economic growth but the mainstream theory of economic growth, except for specialized resource economics models, pays no attention to the role of energy. This paper reviews the relevant biophysical theory and mainstream, resource economics, and ecological economics models of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Economic Growth, Law And Corruption: Evidence From India

    Is corruption influenced by economic growth? Are legal institutions such as the "Right to Information Act (RTI) 2005" in India effective in curbing corruption? Using a novel panel dataset covering 20 Indian states and the periods 2005 and 2008, the authors are able to estimate the causal effects of economic...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Economic Growth And Political Survival

    Using data for 160 countries for the period 1963-2001, this paper examines the short-run relationship between economic growth and changes in national leader. To address the potential endogeneity of economic growth, the authors use exogenous variation in commodity export prices, export partner incomes, precipitation, and temperature to instrument for a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Japanese Aid As A Prerequisite For FDI: The Case Of Southeast Asian Countries

    This paper investigates the nexus between Japan's official development assistance and foreign direct investment inflows in Southeast Asian countries. An analysis of the geographical and sectoral decomposition of aid flows reveals that assistance programs were mainly allocated in the form of loans for economic infrastructure projects. This orientation attests that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Interaction Between Trade, Conflict And Cooperation: The Case Of Japan And China

    The complex interaction between trade and politics is analyzed for the Japan - China relationship using Granger causality tests. The purpose is to determine the presence and direction of causation between trade and political events, both positive and negative, and to gauge an idea of the lag length of causality....

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2006

    The Making Of Asia's First Bilateral FTA: Origins And Regional Implications Of The Japan - Singapore Economic Partnership Agreement

    This paper aims to examine how and why Japan and Singapore decided to pursue FTAs, what interests both perceived in their pursuit of FTAs, what elements contributed to both countries being linked in this trade policy arrangement, and what implications the JSEPA has had for the FTA movement in East...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Energy Efficient Coded Cooperative Data Exchange for Mobile Users

    In this paper, the authors generalize the problem of network coded cooperative data exchange from a fixed broadcast topology to dynamic networks with mobile peers. In this problem a group of wireless clients are interested in obtaining a set of packets through cooperation, where each client initially holds a subset...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    A Generalized Model for Cost and Fairness Analysis in Coded Cooperative Data Exchange

    The authors consider the issues of cost and fairness in the problem of cooperative data exchange among a group of wireless clients. In this problem, each client initially holds a subset of packets and needs to obtain the full set of packets through cooperation with other clients via a shared...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    A Feedback-Based Adaptive Broadcast Coding Scheme for Reducing In-Order Delivery Delay

    The authors propose a new feedback-based adaptive coding scheme for a packet erasure broadcast channel. The main performance metric of interest is the delay. They consider two types of delay - decoding delay and delivery delay. Decoding delay is the time difference between the instant when the packet is de-coded...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Reporting an Experience on Design and Implementation of e-Health Systems on Azure Cloud

    Electronic Health (e-Health) technology has brought the world with significant transformation from traditional paper-based medical practice to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)-based systems for automatic management (storage, processing, and archiving) of information. Traditionally e-Health systems have been designed to operate within stovepipes on dedicated networks, physical computers, and locally managed...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Unpicking the Knot: Teasing Apart VM/Application Interdependencies

    Flexible and efficient runtime design requires an understanding of the dependencies among the components internal to the runtime and those between the application and the runtime. These dependencies are frequently unclear. This problem exists in all runtime design, and is most vivid in a met circular runtime - one that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Is It Really Greener in the Cloud? an Investigation of Energy Trends in Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing has become a popular method of IT deployment in the last decade, most visibly through the rise of online services and social media. Recent reports claim that businesses can achieve significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by shifting their processes to the cloud. These studies do not consider...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    Enhancing Secrecy with Sectorized Transmission in Decentralized Wireless Networks

    In this paper, the authors combine sectorized transmission with artificial noise to establish secrecy in decentralized wireless networks. The locations of the legitimate nodes and the eavesdroppers are both modeled by homogeneous Poisson point processes. Using sectorized antennas, each legitimate transmitter sends an information signal in the sector which contains...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2014

    When Does Relay Transmission Give a More Secure Connection in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks?

    Relay transmission can enhance coverage and throughput, while it can be vulnerable to eavesdropping attacks due to the additional transmission of the source message at the relay. Thus, whether or not one should use relay transmission for secure communication is an interesting and important problem. In this paper, the authors...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2013

    Wireless Physical Layer Security with Imperfect Channel State Information: A Survey

    Physical layer security is an emerging technique to improve the wireless communication security, which is widely regarded as a complement to cryptographic technologies. To design physical layer security techniques under practical scenarios, the uncertainty and imperfections in the channel knowledge need to be taken into consideration. This paper provides a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Scheduling Advantages of Network Coded Storage in Point-to-Multipoint Networks

    The authors consider scheduling strategies for Point-to-MultiPoint (PMP) Storage Area Networks (SANs) that use Network Coded Storage (NCS). In particular, they present a simple SAN system model, two server scheduling algorithms for PMP networks, and analytical expressions for internal and external blocking probability. They point to select scheduling advantages in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Non-Parametric Kernel Learning with Robust Pairwise Constraints

    For existing kernel learning based semi-supervised clustering algorithms, it is generally difficult to scale well with large scale datasets and robust pairwise constraints. In this paper, the authors proposed a new Non-Parametric Kernel Learning framework (NPKL) to deal with these problems. They generalized the graph embedding framework into kernel learning,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Will New Trends In Foreign Direct Investment Change The Structure Of Intra-Industry Trade Between China And Japan?

    It is generally believed that Japan's cost-oriented and export-oriented direct investment has introduced a bilateral intra-industry trade pattern in China - Japan trade through which China imports accessories from Japan, processes them and exports the product to Japan. Based on investment and trade data in the machinery sector, this paper...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Alternative Decision Tree Learning Algorithm

    The application of boosting procedures to decision tree algorithms has been shown to produce very accurate classifiers. These classifiers are in the form of a majority vote over a number of decision are often large, complex and difficult to interpret. This paper describes a new type of classification rule, the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    DDoS Protections for SMTP Servers

    Many businesses rely on email of some form for their day to day operation. This is especially true for product support organizations, who are largely unable to perform their role in the company if they're in boxes are flooded with malicious email, or if important email is delayed because of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Is Foreign Aid A Vanguard Of Foreign Direct Investment? A Gravity-Equation Approach

    This paper investigates whether and how foreign aid facilitates Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows into less developed countries. The authors employ a large data set of source-recipient country pairs and conduct gravity equation-type estimation. Our empirical methodology enables one to examine an effect through which aid from a donor country...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Insular Decision-Making In The Board Room: Why Boards Retain And Hire Sub-Standard Ceos

    It is widely believed that corporate boards are overly reluctant to fire their CEOs. The conventional explanation for retaining a CEO regardless of his/her talent is that a CEO chooses the board members and has the power to fire them. However, very few studies have investigated how a new CEO...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Perceptions Regarding Entrepreneurship In An Emerging And Culturally Diverse Economy: A South African Survey

    Of all the developing countries that participated in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey, South Africa was ranked the lowest, in terms of entrepreneurial activity. It is clear that South Africa is not producing a sufficiently entrepreneurial economy and these needs to be addressed so as to create employment, expand markets,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Towards a Low-Complexity Dynamic Decode-and-Forward Relay Protocol

    The dynamic DecoDe-and-Forward (DDF) relaying protocol is a relatively new cooperative scheme which has been shown to achieve promising theoretical results in terms of diversity-multiplexing gain tradeoff and error rates. The case of a single relay has been extensively studied in the literature and several techniques to approach the optimum...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    A New Local Distance-Based Outlier Detection Approach for Scattered Real-World Data

    Detecting outliers which are grossly different from or inconsistent with the remaining dataset is a major challenge in real-world KDD applications. Existing outlier detection methods are ineffective on scattered real-world datasets due to implicit data patterns and parameter setting issues. The authors define a novel Local Distance-based Outlier Factor (LDOF)...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2008

    Approximating Monetary Policy: Case Study For The ASEAN-5

    Empirical studies on the process of monetary policy making in a number of advanced economies have shown that a simple Policy Reaction Function (PRF) performs well in explaining the setting of monetary policy. This paper examines an application of a simple PRF in an attempt to broaden the understanding of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Competition Among The Manufacturing Exporters Of China And ASEAN In The U.S. Market, 1994-2001

    This paper aims to compare changes in the competitive position of China and ASEAN-4 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand) as exporters of manufactured goods to the US market between 1994 and 2001. Both static and dynamic shift-share models are employed to the 2-digit ISIC 3 of manufacturing section to investigate...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Accountabililty And Institutions: The Path Of Parliamentary Accountability

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the contention that the scope and meaning of accountability has changed. In effect the contention is that accountability is being redefined to exclude the requirement for external scrutiny. An analytical framework based on the work of Bovens (2005), Sinclair (1995) and Grey...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Distributed Fault Detection for Interconnected Second-Order Systems With Applications to Power Networks

    Observers for distributed fault detection of interconnected second-order linear time invariant systems are studied. Particularly, networked systems under consensus protocols are considered and it is proved that for these systems one can construct a bank of so called unknown input observers, and use their output to detect and isolate possible...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2008

    Global Production Sharing And US-China Trade Relations

    This paper examines US-China trade relations, focusing on the ongoing process of global production sharing global production sharing - the breakup of the production processes into geographically separated stag - and the resulting trade complementarities between the two countries in world manufacturing trade. The results suggest that the US-China trade...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    The Global Financial Crisis And Short-run Prospects For India

    This paper provides an overview of the impact of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) on the Indian economy. It identifies the channels through which the GFC has impacted the Indian economy and evaluates the stimulus packages that have been put in place by the government of India. Finally, the paper...

    Provided By Australian National University