Australian National University

Displaying 41-80 of 87 results

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Inflation, Macroeconomic Policy And Hunger: A Variation On A Theme

    This paper re-emphasizes the importance of price stability as a tool for macroeconomic policy and make it more specific by considering a typically (unanticipated) advantage of stabilizing the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The author briefly reviews the recent economic growth performance of the Indian economy and recounts the sluggish response...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Money, Capital And Exchange Rate Fluctuations

    The authors explore how the informational frictions underlying monetary exchange affect international exchange rate dynamics. Using a two-country, two-sector model, they show that information frictions imply a particular restriction on domestic price dynamics and hence on international nominal and real exchange rate determination. Furthermore, if capital is utilized as a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Small But Effective: India's Targeted Unconditional Cash Transfers

    India's approach to social security stresses the provision of subsidized food and public works. Targeted, unconditional cash transfers are little used, and have been little evaluated. An evaluation of cash transfers for the elderly and widows based on national household survey data and surveys on social pension utilization in two...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Indonesian Growth Dynamics

    This paper provides an analytical narrative of Indonesian economic growth over the past two decades. Particular attention is paid to the key economic crisis events of 1997-98 and 2008-09, and how and why Indonesia's response to them was completely different. The authors emphasize and illustrate how the years 1997-98 were...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    The Role Of Energy In Economic Growth

    Physics shows that energy is necessary for economic production and, therefore, economic growth but the mainstream theory of economic growth, except for specialized resource economics models, pays no attention to the role of energy. This paper reviews the relevant biophysical theory and mainstream, resource economics, and ecological economics models of...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Does The Size And Quality Of The Government Explain The Size And Efficiency Of The Financial Sector?

    This paper examines the impact of two dimensions of the government, namely, size and quality, on two dimensions of the financial sector, size and efficiency, in a cross section of 71 economies. The paper finds that while increased quality of the government as measured by governance and legal origin positively...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Financial Frictions And Credit Spreads

    This paper uses the credit-friction model developed by Curdia and Woodford, in a series of papers, as the basis for attempting to mimic the behavior of credit spreads in moderate as well as in times of crisis. The authors are able to generate movements in representative credit spreads that are,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Dynamics Of Health Insurance Ownership In Vietnam, 2004 - 06

    Vietnam is undertaking health financing reform in an attempt to achieve universal health insurance coverage by 2014. Changes in health insurance policies have doubled the overall coverage between 2004 and 2006. However, close examination of Vietnam Living Standard Surveys during this period reveals that about one fifth of the insured...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Cloud Computing and Online Search and Advertising Markets: Obstacles to Competition

    This paper investigates obstacles to competition in the online advertising and search markets in Australia in the context of developments in cloud computing. It complements an earlier working paper that provides an overview of the industry. The focus is on the implications for regulation of emerging trends in the online...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Cloud Computing Online Search, and Advertising: Market Overview

    This paper is one of a series planned on the regulation of cloud computing and developments in online search and advertising. This paper thus provides an overview of the online search and advertising markets in the context of recent developments in cloud computing. This paper provides the context for further...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Accountabililty And Institutions: The Path Of Parliamentary Accountability

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the contention that the scope and meaning of accountability has changed. In effect the contention is that accountability is being redefined to exclude the requirement for external scrutiny. An analytical framework based on the work of Bovens (2005), Sinclair (1995) and Grey...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Global Production Sharing, Trade Patterns And Determinants Of Trade Flows

    This paper examines the extent and pattern of global production sharing, focusing on East Asia, and probes its implications for the analysis of the determinants of trade flows. Reflecting rapid global spread of production sharing, trade in parts and components has increased at a much faster rate than total manufacturing...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    East Asia In World Trade: The Decoupling Fallacy, Crisis And Policy Challenges

    This paper examines the export experience of China and other East Asian economies in the aftermaths of the global financial crisis against the backdrop of pre-crisis trade patterns. The analysis is motivated by the 'Decoupling' paper, which was a popular theme in the Asian policy circles in the lead-up to...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    A Feedback-Based Adaptive Broadcast Coding Scheme for Reducing In-Order Delivery Delay

    The authors propose a new feedback-based adaptive coding scheme for a packet erasure broadcast channel. The main performance metric of interest is the delay. They consider two types of delay - decoding delay and delivery delay. Decoding delay is the time difference between the instant when the packet is de-coded...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Financial Contagion And The Real Economy

    The global financial crisis of 2008 was a crisis affecting both the financial sector and the "Real economy". This paper analyzes the transmission of unexpected shocks from the financial sector in the US to other countries and sectors. The authors test the hypothesis that the financial crisis spread from the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Fiscal Policy With Intertemporally Non-Separable Preferences

    In this paper, the authors show that Ricardian equivalence does not hold in a representative agent framework if one considers goods whose current consumption affect future marginal utilities. They find that, when the intertemporal elasticity of substitution changes over time, the timing of lump sum taxation has an asymmetric effect...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    A New Local Distance-Based Outlier Detection Approach for Scattered Real-World Data

    Detecting outliers which are grossly different from or inconsistent with the remaining dataset is a major challenge in real-world KDD applications. Existing outlier detection methods are ineffective on scattered real-world datasets due to implicit data patterns and parameter setting issues. The authors define a novel Local Distance-based Outlier Factor (LDOF)...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    On Uplink Interference Scenarios in Two-Tier Macro and Femto Co-Existing UMTS Networks

    In this paper, a two-tier UMTS network is considered where a large number of randomly deployed Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) femtocells are laid under macrocells where the spectrum is shared. The co-channel interference between the cells may be a potential limiting factor for the system. The authors study...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Japanese Aid As A Prerequisite For FDI: The Case Of Southeast Asian Countries

    This paper investigates the nexus between Japan's official development assistance and foreign direct investment inflows in Southeast Asian countries. An analysis of the geographical and sectoral decomposition of aid flows reveals that assistance programs were mainly allocated in the form of loans for economic infrastructure projects. This orientation attests that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Fiscal Policy, Composition Of Intergenerational Transfers, And Income Distribution

    In this paper, the authors characterize the relationship between the initial distribution of human capital and physical inheritances among individuals and the long-run distribution of these two variables. In a model with indivisible investment in education, they analyze how the initial distribution of income determines the posterior intergenerational mobility in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Cooperative Routing for Wireless Networks With Multiple Shared Channels

    Transmission links in wireless networks suffer from independent channel fading. Cooperative routing technology with diversity transmission can exploit the randomness of the wireless channel and efficiently improve the network performance by selecting multiple cooperative nodes to forward the data. This paper proposes a novel Multiple Shared Channels Cooperative (MSCC) routing...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Fiscal Policies And Challenges In South Asia

    This paper presents a brief overview of the extant fiscal situation in South Asian countries. In particular, the author emphasizes low tax/GDP ratios and inelastic expenditure/GDP ratios which then lead to structurally entrenched fiscal deficits. The paper also reports on the sustainability of fiscal and current account deficits in the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Insular Decision-Making In The Board Room: Why Boards Retain And Hire Sub-Standard Ceos

    It is widely believed that corporate boards are overly reluctant to fire their CEOs. The conventional explanation for retaining a CEO regardless of his/her talent is that a CEO chooses the board members and has the power to fire them. However, very few studies have investigated how a new CEO...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Criminal Investigation: Is There A Skills Gap In Leadership, Management And Supervision?

    There is no silver bullet for improving the supervision, management and leadership of criminal investigations. The evidence base is too small to allow for the problem to be defined with any precision or for the way forward to be mapped out with any confidence. What is beyond doubt, is that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Runtime Verification of Cryptographic Protocols

    There has been a significant amount of work devoted to the static verification of security protocol designs. Virtually all of these results, when applied to an actual implementation of a security protocol, rely on certain implicit assumptions on the implementation (for example that the cryptographic checks that according to the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Globalisation And Labour Markets In Boom And Crisis: The Case Of Vietnam

    This paper examines the impact of the global financial crisis on the Vietnam labour market against the backdrop of economic performance and labour dynamics before the crisis. The impact on labour has been milder compared with several neighbouring countries, than might have been expected for a country with Vietnam's degree...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Is Foreign Aid A Vanguard Of Foreign Direct Investment? A Gravity-Equation Approach

    This paper investigates whether and how foreign aid facilitates Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows into less developed countries. The authors employ a large data set of source-recipient country pairs and conduct gravity equation-type estimation. Our empirical methodology enables one to examine an effect through which aid from a donor country...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    East Asian Exports In The Global Economic Crisis: The Decoupling Fallacy And Post-crisis Policy Challenges

    This paper examines the export experience of East Asian economies in the aftermaths of the global financial crisis against the backdrop of pre-crisis trade patterns. The analysis is motivated by the 'Decoupling' thesis, the notion that the East Asian region has become a self-contained economic entity with potential for maintaining...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Production Networks And Trade Patterns: East Asia In A Global Context

    This paper examines the implications of global production sharing for economic integration in East Asia, with emphasis on the behaviour of trade flows in the wake of the 2008 global economic crisis. It is found that, while 'Network trade' has generally grown faster than total world trade in manufacturing, the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Outward Direct Investment From India

    This paper examines emerging patterns and economic implications of Indian foreign direct investment from a historical perspective against the backdrop of the evolving role of developing-country firms (Emerging Multinational EnterpriseS, EMES) as an important force of economic globalisation. The novelty of the analysis lies in its specific focus on the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Modelling The Global Financial Crisis

    This paper models the global financial crisis as a combination of shocks to global housing markets and sharp increases in risk premia of firms, households and international investors in an intertemporal (or DSGE) global model. The model has six sectors of production and trade in 15 major economies and regions....

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Run-Time Security Traceability for Evolving Systems

    Security-critical systems are challenging to design and implement correctly and securely. A lot of vulnerabilities have been found in current software systems both at the specification and the implementation levels. This paper presents a comprehensive approach for model-based security assurance. Initially, it allows one to formally verify the design models...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Performance of Piconet Co-Existence Schemes in Wireless Body Area Networks

    Coexistence of multiple Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) is a very challenging problem because each piconet can have a large number of sensors and their movement is unpredictable. Moreover, suitable global coordination schemes do not exist as there is no natural choice of coordinator between piconets. Adaptive schemes that work...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Asian Trade: Long-Term Patterns And Key Policy Issues

    This paper offers an analytical interpretation of Asian trade patterns since the late 1960s, in the context of three general, conditioning factors: rapid growth and structural change, host country commercial policy environments, and institutional and technological factors governing global trade and investment patterns. Highlighting the diversity of trade structures and...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Aggregate And Sectoral Productivity Growth In Thailand And Indonesia

    Total factor productivity growth is studied in this paper for two countries, Thailand and Indonesia, from 1980 to 2006. The analysis is conducted at both the aggregate and sectoral levels. A feature of the analysis is the decomposition of aggregate total factor productivity growth into two components: productivity growth in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Trends And Patterns Of Foreign Direct Investments In Asia: A Comparative Perspective

    This paper examines Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in developing Asia over the past three decades with emphasis on two key issues: the implications of the ongoing process of international production fragmentation and the alleged 'Crowding out' effect of China's rise as a major host to FDI on the other countries...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Competition Among The Manufacturing Exporters Of China And ASEAN In The U.S. Market, 1994-2001

    This paper aims to compare changes in the competitive position of China and ASEAN-4 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand) as exporters of manufactured goods to the US market between 1994 and 2001. Both static and dynamic shift-share models are employed to the 2-digit ISIC 3 of manufacturing section to investigate...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Globalization Of R&D By US-Based Multinational Enterprises

    This paper examines patterns and determinants of overseas R&D investment by US-based manufacturing MNEs using a new panel dataset over the period 1990-2004. The analysis reveals that R&D intensity of operation of US MNE affiliates is mainly determined by the domestic market size, overall R&D capability and cost of hiring...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Market Reaction To The Announcement Of A Male-To-Female CEO Turnover

    This paper investigates the market reaction to a firm switching from a male CEO to a female CEO. The authors compare these firms against a four dimensional matched sample of male to male CEO appointments. Their results indicate that female CEO appointments are followed by small insignificant negative reactions, whereas...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    The Global Financial Crisis And Short-run Prospects For India

    This paper provides an overview of the impact of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) on the Indian economy. It identifies the channels through which the GFC has impacted the Indian economy and evaluates the stimulus packages that have been put in place by the government of India. Finally, the paper...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Asian Trade Flows: Trends, Patterns And Projections

    This paper provides trade flow projections for major Asian Developing Economies (ADEs) for the next two decades against the backdrop of an in-depth analysis of policy shifts and trade patterns over the past 4 decades. Merchandise trade of ADEs has grown at a much faster rate in the global context,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    East Asia In World Trade: The Decoupling Fallacy, Crisis And Policy Challenges

    This paper examines the export experience of China and other East Asian economies in the aftermaths of the global financial crisis against the backdrop of pre-crisis trade patterns. The analysis is motivated by the 'Decoupling' paper, which was a popular theme in the Asian policy circles in the lead-up to...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Globalisation And Labour Markets In Boom And Crisis: The Case Of Vietnam

    This paper examines the impact of the global financial crisis on the Vietnam labour market against the backdrop of economic performance and labour dynamics before the crisis. The impact on labour has been milder compared with several neighbouring countries, than might have been expected for a country with Vietnam's degree...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Production Networks And Trade Patterns: East Asia In A Global Context

    This paper examines the implications of global production sharing for economic integration in East Asia, with emphasis on the behaviour of trade flows in the wake of the 2008 global economic crisis. It is found that, while 'Network trade' has generally grown faster than total world trade in manufacturing, the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Outward Direct Investment From India

    This paper examines emerging patterns and economic implications of Indian foreign direct investment from a historical perspective against the backdrop of the evolving role of developing-country firms (Emerging Multinational EnterpriseS, EMES) as an important force of economic globalisation. The novelty of the analysis lies in its specific focus on the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Asian Trade: Long-Term Patterns And Key Policy Issues

    This paper offers an analytical interpretation of Asian trade patterns since the late 1960s, in the context of three general, conditioning factors: rapid growth and structural change, host country commercial policy environments, and institutional and technological factors governing global trade and investment patterns. Highlighting the diversity of trade structures and...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Aggregate And Sectoral Productivity Growth In Thailand And Indonesia

    Total factor productivity growth is studied in this paper for two countries, Thailand and Indonesia, from 1980 to 2006. The analysis is conducted at both the aggregate and sectoral levels. A feature of the analysis is the decomposition of aggregate total factor productivity growth into two components: productivity growth in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Trends And Patterns Of Foreign Direct Investments In Asia: A Comparative Perspective

    This paper examines Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in developing Asia over the past three decades with emphasis on two key issues: the implications of the ongoing process of international production fragmentation and the alleged 'Crowding out' effect of China's rise as a major host to FDI on the other countries...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Globalization Of R&D By US-Based Multinational Enterprises

    This paper examines patterns and determinants of overseas R&D investment by US-based manufacturing MNEs using a new panel dataset over the period 1990-2004. The analysis reveals that R&D intensity of operation of US MNE affiliates is mainly determined by the domestic market size, overall R&D capability and cost of hiring...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    China's Impact On Foreign Trade And Investment In Other Asian Countries

    This paper examines how China's emergence as a major player in the global economy is affecting export performance of and FDI flows to its East Asian neighbours against the backdrop of the ongoing process of global production sharing. The findings indicate that the 'China threat' has been vastly exaggerated in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Inflation, Macroeconomic Policy And Hunger: A Variation On A Theme

    This paper re-emphasizes the importance of price stability as a tool for macroeconomic policy and make it more specific by considering a typically (unanticipated) advantage of stabilizing the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The author briefly reviews the recent economic growth performance of the Indian economy and recounts the sluggish response...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Criminal Investigation: Is There A Skills Gap In Leadership, Management And Supervision?

    There is no silver bullet for improving the supervision, management and leadership of criminal investigations. The evidence base is too small to allow for the problem to be defined with any precision or for the way forward to be mapped out with any confidence. What is beyond doubt, is that...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Cloud Computing and Online Search and Advertising Markets: Obstacles to Competition

    This paper investigates obstacles to competition in the online advertising and search markets in Australia in the context of developments in cloud computing. It complements an earlier working paper that provides an overview of the industry. The focus is on the implications for regulation of emerging trends in the online...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Voting On Income-Contingent Loans For Higher Education

    The authors consider risk-averse individuals who differ in two characteristics - ability to benefit from education and inherited wealth - and analyze higher education participation under two alternative financing schemes - tax subsidy and (risk-sharing) income-contingent loans. With decreasing absolute risk aversion, wealthier individuals are more likely to undertake higher...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    A Capital Mistake-The Neglected Effect Of Immigration On Average Wages

    Much recent literature on the wage effects of immigration assumes that the return to capital, and therefore the average wage, is unaffected in the long run. If immigration is modelled as a continuous flow rather than a one off shock, this result does not necessarily hold. A simple calibration with...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Money, Capital And Exchange Rate Fluctuations

    The authors explore how the informational frictions underlying monetary exchange affect international exchange rate dynamics. Using a two-country, two-sector model, they show that information frictions imply a particular restriction on domestic price dynamics and hence on international nominal and real exchange rate determination. Furthermore, if capital is utilized as a...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Financial Intermediation And The International Business Cycle: The Case Of Small Countries With Big Banks

    The authors examine the transmission mechanism of banking sector shocks in a two-country DSGE model. Assuming that the home country is small relative to the rest of world, they find that spillovers from foreign banking sector shocks are modest unless banks in the small country hold foreign banking assets. The...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Does The Size And Quality Of The Government Explain The Size And Efficiency Of The Financial Sector?

    This paper examines the impact of two dimensions of the government, namely, size and quality, on two dimensions of the financial sector, size and efficiency, in a cross section of 71 economies. The paper finds that while increased quality of the government as measured by governance and legal origin positively...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Financial Contagion And The Real Economy

    The global financial crisis of 2008 was a crisis affecting both the financial sector and the "Real economy". This paper analyzes the transmission of unexpected shocks from the financial sector in the US to other countries and sectors. The authors test the hypothesis that the financial crisis spread from the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Fiscal Policy With Intertemporally Non-Separable Preferences

    In this paper, the authors show that Ricardian equivalence does not hold in a representative agent framework if one considers goods whose current consumption affect future marginal utilities. They find that, when the intertemporal elasticity of substitution changes over time, the timing of lump sum taxation has an asymmetric effect...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Fiscal Policy, Composition Of Intergenerational Transfers, And Income Distribution

    In this paper, the authors characterize the relationship between the initial distribution of human capital and physical inheritances among individuals and the long-run distribution of these two variables. In a model with indivisible investment in education, they analyze how the initial distribution of income determines the posterior intergenerational mobility in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Modelling The Global Financial Crisis

    This paper models the global financial crisis as a combination of shocks to global housing markets and sharp increases in risk premia of firms, households and international investors in an intertemporal (or DSGE) global model. The model has six sectors of production and trade in 15 major economies and regions....

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Financial Instability Prevention

    The paper attempts to assess to what extent the central bank or the government should respond to developments that cause financial instability, such as housing or asset bubbles, overextended fiscal policies, or excessive public or household debt. To analyze this question the authors set up a simple reduced-form model in...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Market Reaction To The Announcement Of A Male-To-Female CEO Turnover

    This paper investigates the market reaction to a firm switching from a male CEO to a female CEO. The authors compare these firms against a four dimensional matched sample of male to male CEO appointments. Their results indicate that female CEO appointments are followed by small insignificant negative reactions, whereas...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Financial Frictions And Credit Spreads

    This paper uses the credit-friction model developed by Curdia and Woodford, in a series of papers, as the basis for attempting to mimic the behavior of credit spreads in moderate as well as in times of crisis. The authors are able to generate movements in representative credit spreads that are,...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Small But Effective: India's Targeted Unconditional Cash Transfers

    India's approach to social security stresses the provision of subsidized food and public works. Targeted, unconditional cash transfers are little used, and have been little evaluated. An evaluation of cash transfers for the elderly and widows based on national household survey data and surveys on social pension utilization in two...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Incomplete Markets, Small Open Economy Monetary Policy And Equilibrium Determinacy

    The authors propose an alternative and simple small open economy model with incomplete international asset markets. Asset market incompleteness breaks the "Monetary-policy isomorphism" between the small open economy and its closed economy limit; and the real exchange rate is a fundamental variable in determining the equilibrium. This explicit equilibrium exchange...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Performance of Piconet Co-Existence Schemes in Wireless Body Area Networks

    Coexistence of multiple Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) is a very challenging problem because each piconet can have a large number of sensors and their movement is unpredictable. Moreover, suitable global coordination schemes do not exist as there is no natural choice of coordinator between piconets. Adaptive schemes that work...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    On Uplink Interference Scenarios in Two-Tier Macro and Femto Co-Existing UMTS Networks

    In this paper, a two-tier UMTS network is considered where a large number of randomly deployed Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) femtocells are laid under macrocells where the spectrum is shared. The co-channel interference between the cells may be a potential limiting factor for the system. The authors study...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Cooperative Routing for Wireless Networks With Multiple Shared Channels

    Transmission links in wireless networks suffer from independent channel fading. Cooperative routing technology with diversity transmission can exploit the randomness of the wireless channel and efficiently improve the network performance by selecting multiple cooperative nodes to forward the data. This paper proposes a novel Multiple Shared Channels Cooperative (MSCC) routing...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Cloud Computing Online Search, and Advertising: Market Overview

    This paper is one of a series planned on the regulation of cloud computing and developments in online search and advertising. This paper thus provides an overview of the online search and advertising markets in the context of recent developments in cloud computing. This paper provides the context for further...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Fiscal Policies And Challenges In South Asia

    This paper presents a brief overview of the extant fiscal situation in South Asian countries. In particular, the author emphasizes low tax/GDP ratios and inelastic expenditure/GDP ratios which then lead to structurally entrenched fiscal deficits. The paper also reports on the sustainability of fiscal and current account deficits in the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Secrecy Transmission Capacity of Decentralized Wireless Networks

    Secure communication over large-scale decentralized wireless networks is an extremely challenging task due to the cost and difficulty in establishing secret keys among all the nodes in a distributed manner. For this reason, the notion of physical layer security has recently drawn significant attention, which may assist with key exchange...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    Temporal Consistency Among Five-Sensory Events: Application to Multimedia Technology

    While transmitting multi or five-sensory information after transduction, the concept of temporal consistency becomes an important issue at the receiving end from the point of view of context. Any violation of temporal consistency among the different decoded sensory information can lead to a failure of context, thereby making the multisensory...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Privacy Concerns of Users for Location-Based Mobile Personalization

    With the proliferation of mobile technologies many firms have started using the mobile channel to advertise their products. To reduce the amount of irrelevant broadcast, location-based mobile services are employed to attract users' attention to relevant mobile content. Compared with web-based applications, location-based mobile services can achieve a higher degree...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Run-Time Security Traceability for Evolving Systems

    Security-critical systems are challenging to design and implement correctly and securely. A lot of vulnerabilities have been found in current software systems both at the specification and the implementation levels. This paper presents a comprehensive approach for model-based security assurance. Initially, it allows one to formally verify the design models...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Runtime Verification of Cryptographic Protocols

    There has been a significant amount of work devoted to the static verification of security protocol designs. Virtually all of these results, when applied to an actual implementation of a security protocol, rely on certain implicit assumptions on the implementation (for example that the cryptographic checks that according to the...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Tracking Large-Scale Video Remix in Real-World Events

    Social information networks, such as YouTube, contains traces of both explicit online interaction (such as like, leaving a comment, or subscribing to video feed), and latent interactions (such as quoting, or remixing parts of a video). The authors propose visual memes, or frequently re-posted short video segments, for tracking such...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Is It Really Greener in the Cloud? an Investigation of Energy Trends in Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing has become a popular method of IT deployment in the last decade, most visibly through the rise of online services and social media. Recent reports claim that businesses can achieve significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by shifting their processes to the cloud. These studies do not consider...

    Provided By Australian National University

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Non-Parametric Kernel Learning with Robust Pairwise Constraints

    For existing kernel learning based semi-supervised clustering algorithms, it is generally difficult to scale well with large scale datasets and robust pairwise constraints. In this paper, the authors proposed a new Non-Parametric Kernel Learning framework (NPKL) to deal with these problems. They generalized the graph embedding framework into kernel learning,...

    Provided By Australian National University