Boston University

Displaying 121-160 of 177 results

  • White Papers // May 2010

    On the Cost of Supporting Mobility and Multihoming

    As the Internet has evolved and grown, an increasing number of nodes (hosts or autonomous systems) have become multihomed, i.e., a node is connected to more than one network. Multihoming can be viewed as a special case of Mobility - as a node moves, it unsubscribes from one network and...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Using Lightweight Formal Methods for JavaScript Security

    The goal of this investigation was to apply lightweight formal methods to the study of the security of the JavaScript language. Previous work has shown that lightweight formal methods present a new approach to the study of security in the context of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Since there is...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Virtualization and Programming Support for Video Sensor Networks With Application to Wireless and Physical Security

    Network Security Systems are heavily anchored in the digital plane of "Cyber Space" and hence cannot be used effectively to derive the physical identity of an intruder in order to prevent further malicious wireless broadcasts (i.e., Escorting an Intruder off the Premises Based on Physical Evidence). Embedded Sensor Networks (SNs)...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Specialization, Productivity And Financing Constraints

    The authors analyze financial contracting when the specificity of investments is endogenous. Specialization decreases the liquidation value of assets, but it also improves a firm's long term productivity. While the first effect is known to make financing more difficult, the authors show that the second effect can ease financing constraints...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    On the Detection of Policy Conflicts in Interdomain Routing

    The Dynamic Policy Routing model (DPR) was recently introduced to explicitly model the dynamics of policy routing. DPR extends the formalism of the stable paths problem with discrete synchronous time to capture the propagation of path changes in any dynamic network using a structure called the causation chain. In this...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Reliable MLC NAND Flash Memories Based on Nonlinear T-Error-Correcting Codes

    The semiconductor industry witnesses an explosive growth of the NAND flash memory market in the past several years. Due to its high data transfer rate, low power consumption, big storage density and long mechanical durability, the NAND flash memories are widely used as storage media for devices such as portable...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    A Green Distributed Cooperation for Network and Content Management

    The authors propose a distributed approach in which an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and a Content Provider (CP) cooperate to minimize total power consumption. The authors solution is distributed between the ISP and the CP to limit shared information, such as network topology and servers load. In particular, they develop...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    QoS-Enabled Video Streaming in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Recent advances in wireless communications technology and low-power, low-cost CMOS imaging sensors enable a new sensing modality employing ubiquitous distributed video sensing. In many video sensing applications multimedia streams are often required by the base station to provide detailed information of the target spot in the sensor field. However, limited...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    The Relationship Between Mobile and Fixed Line Communications: A Survey

    While a dramatic worldwide increase in mobile communication to above 4 billion users has occurred, wealthy countries in the last few years have experienced a significant decline in fixed network subscriptions. Such Fixed-to-Mobile Substitution (FMS) is at the center of this literature survey. Theoretical models explaining FMS are scarce and...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Colocation as a Service: Strategic and Operational Services for Cloud Colocation

    By colocating with other tenants of an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offering, IaaS users could reap significant cost savings by judiciously sharing their use of the fixed-size instances offered by IaaS providers. This paper presents the blueprints of a Colocation as a Service (CaaS) framework. CaaS strategic services identify...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Colocation as a Service Strategic and Operational Services for Cloud Colocation

    By co-locating with other tenants of an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offering, IaaS users could reap significant cost savings by judiciously sharing their use of the fixed-size instances offered by IaaS providers. This paper presents the blueprints of a Co-location as a Service (CaaS) framework. CaaS strategic services identify...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Protecting Circuits from Leakage: the Computationally-Bounded and Noisy Cases

    Physical computational devices leak side-channel information that may, and often does, reveal secret internal states. The authors present a general transformation that compiles any circuit into a new, functionally equivalent circuit which is resilient against well-defined classes of leakage. Their construction requires a small, stateless and computation-independent leak-proof component that...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    A Type-Theoretic Framework for Efficient and Safe Colocation of Periodic Real-Time Systems

    Desirable application performance is typically guaranteed through the use of Service Level Agreements (SLAs) that specify fixed fractions of resource capacities that must be allocated for unencumbered use by the application. The mapping between what constitutes desirable performance and SLAs is not unique: multiple SLA expressions might be functionally equivalent....

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Scale Invariant Properties Of Public Debt Growth

    Public debt is one of the important economic variables that quantitatively describe a nation's economy. Because bankruptcy is a risk faced even by institutions as large as governments (e.g. Iceland), national debt should be strictly controlled with respect to national wealth. Also, the problem of eliminating extreme poverty in the...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Mixture Models of Endhost Network Traffic

    In recent years there has been much interest in modeling internet traffic that comes from inside large networks, such as at routers or gateways. In this paper, the authors focus on modeling a little studied type of traffic - namely the network traffic generated from end-hosts. They study traffic data...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Distributed Advance Network Reservation With Delay Guarantees

    New architectures have recently been proposed and deployed to support end-to-end advance reservation of network resources. These architectures rely on the use a centralized scheduler, which may be unpractical in large or administratively heterogeneous networks. In this paper, the authors explore and demonstrate the feasibility of implementing distributed solutions for...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Does Lumpy Investment Matter For Business Cycles?

    The authors present an analytically tractable general equilibrium business cycle model that features micro-level investment lumpiness. They prove an exact irrelevance proposition which provides sufficient conditions on preferences, technology, and the fixed cost distribution such that any positive upper support of the fixed cost distribution yields identical equilibrium dynamics of...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Design-Space Exploration for CMOS Photonic Processor Networks

    This paper presents a review of recent advances in building high-throughput, energy-efficient photonic networks for core-to-core and core-to-DRAM communication in many-core processor systems. To sustain the performance scaling in these systems, the increase in core count has to be followed by the corresponding increase in energy-efficiency of the core, the...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Wireless Infrared Communications

    Wireless infrared communications refers to the use of free-space propagation of light waves in the near infrared band as a transmission medium for communication. The communication can be between one portable communication device and another or between a portable de-vice and a tethered device, called an access point or base...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Extreme Value FEC for Reliable Broadcasting in Wireless Networks

    The advent of practical rateless codes enables implementation of highly efficient packet-level Forward Error Correction (FEC) strategies for reliable data broadcasting in loss-prone wireless networks, such as sensor networks. Yet, the critical question of accurately quantifying the proper amount of redundancy has remained largely unsolved. In this paper, the authors...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    The Structure And Growth Of Weighted Networks

    The authors develop a simple theoretical framework for the evolution of weighted networks that is consistent with a number of stylized features of real-world data. In the framework, the Barabasi-Albert model of network evolution is extended by assuming that link weights evolve according to a geometric Brownian motion. The model...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Reliable Wireless Broadcasting With Near-Zero Feedback

    The authors examine the problem of minimizing feedbacks in reliable wireless broadcasting, by pairing rateless coding with extreme value theory. Their key observation is that, in a broadcast environment, this problem resolves into estimating the maximum number of packets dropped among many receivers rather than for each individual receiver. With...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    On-Line Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access With Unknown Demand Function and Call Length Distribution

    The authors consider a wireless provider who caters to two classes of customers, namely primary and secondary users. Primary users have long term contracts while secondary users are admitted and priced according to current availability of excess spectrum. Secondary users accept an advertised price with a certain probability defined by...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    A Distributed Actor-Critic Algorithm and Applications to Mobile Sensor Network Coordination Problems

    The authors introduce and establish the convergence of a distributed actor-critic method that orchestrates the coordination of multiple agents solving a general class of a Markov decision problem. The method leverages the centralized single-agent actor-critic algorithm of and uses a consensus-like algorithm for updating agents' policy parameters. As an application...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Safe Compositional Network Sketches: The Formal Framework

    NetSketch is a tool for the specification of constrained-flow applications and the certification of desirable safety properties imposed thereon. NetSketch is conceived to assist system integrators in two types of activities: Modeling and design. As a modeling tool, it enables the of an existing system while retaining sufficient information about...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Safe Compositional Network Sketches: Tool & Use Cases

    NetSketch is a tool that enables the specification of network-flow applications and the certification of desirable safety properties imposed thereon. NetSketch is conceived to assist system integrators in two types of activities: modeling and design. As a modeling tool, it enables the of an existing system while retaining sufficient information...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Impact of Asymmetric Traffic Densities on Delay Tolerant Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    Vehicular networking can be achieved with short, medium, or long-range communication technologies. However, there are trade-offs in the adoption of these technologies including data capacity, continuity of connections, energy use and contention with other users. The authors focus on short range technologies that support both near-neighbor communication, for safety applications,...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Limits and Opportunities for Designing Manycore Processor-to-Memory Networks Using Monolithic Silicon Photonics

    To sustain the historic performance improvement in VLSI systems, while remaining within the power envelope, the trend has moved towards designing multiple cores on a single die. However, if designed using current and/or projected electrical solutions, these systems would quickly get bandwidth-limited due to bandwith density limitations and power constraints....

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    PhD Forum: Routing Protocol and Performance Modeling in Delay Tolerant Vehicular Networks

    Development of networking protocols is essential for an emerging class of applications described as Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs). The scope and requirements of applications vary significantly, and existing techniques do not apply. The nature of data exchange varies in time and space and thus, the protocols need to accommodate...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    On Fair Sharing of Spectrum Via CSMA

    The authors contrast CSMA and TDMA schemes for medium access in spatially dispersed wireless networks under the primary interference model. CSMA is based on random access via dynamically tuned parameters, whereas TDMA involves periodic bursts that are offset in time so as to avoid packet collisions. They study TDMA in...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Active Hidden Models for Tracking With Kernel Projections

    The authors introduce Active Hidden Models (AHM) that utilize kernel methods traditionally associated with classification. They use AHMs to track deformable objects in video sequences by leveraging kernel projections. They introduce the "Subset projection" method which improves the efficiency of the tracking approach by a factor of ten. They successfully...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Asymptotically Optimal Data Dissemination in Multi-Channel Wireless Sensor Networks: Single Radios Suffice

    The authors analyze the performance limits of data dissemination with multi-channel, single radio sensors under random packet loss. They formulate the problem of minimizing the average delay of data dissemination as a stochastic shortest path problem and show that, for an arbitrary topology network, an optimal control policy can be...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Is a Detector Only Good for Detection?

    A common design of an object recognition system has two steps, a detection step followed by a foreground within class classification step. For example, consider face detection by a boosted cascade of detectors followed by face ID recognition via One-Vs-All (OVA) classifiers. Another example is human detection followed by pose...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Tracking a Large Number of Objects From Multiple Views

    The authors propose a multi-object multi-camera framework for tracking large numbers of tightly-spaced objects that rapidly move in three dimensions. They formulate the problem of finding correspondences across multiple views as a multidimensional assignment problem and use a greedy randomized adaptive search procedure to solve this NP-hard problem efficiently. To...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Principles of Safe Policy Routing Dynamics

    This paper introduces the Dynamic Policy Routing (DPR) model that captures the propagation of route updates under arbitrary changes in topology or path preferences. DPR introduces the notion of causation chains where the route flap at one node causes a flap at the next node along the chain. Using DPR,...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    PreDA: Predicate Routing for DTN Architectures Over MANET

    The authors consider a Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) whose users (Nodes) are connected by an underlying Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) substrate. Users can declaratively express high-level policy constraints on how "Content" should be routed. For example, content can be directed through an intermediary DTN node for the purposes of...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Angels: In-Network Support for Minimum Distribution Time in P2P Overlays

    This paper proposes the use of in-network caches (which the authors call Angels) to reduce the Minimum Distribution Time (MDT) of a file from a seeder - a node that possesses the file - to a set of leechers - nodes who are interested in downloading the file. An Angel...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Pricing Strategies for Spectrum Lease in Secondary Markets

    The authors develop analytical models to characterize pricing of spectrum rights in cellular CDMA networks. Specifically, they consider a primary license holder that aims to lease its spectrum within a certain geographic sub-region of its network. Such a transaction has two contrasting economic implications: On the one hand the lessor...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Brief Announcement: Cloud Computing Games: Pricing Services of Large Data Centers

    Organizations opt to reduce costs by contracting their day-to-day computing needs to service providers who offer large-scale data centers and cloud computing services. Like other computing commodities, data centers provide paid services that require careful pricing. Using a Stackelberg game formulation, this paper presents a demand-based pricing model for maximizing...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    CSR: Constrained Selfish Routing in Ad-Hoc Networks

    Routing protocols for ad-hoc networks assume that the nodes forming the network are either under a single authority, or else that they would be altruistically forwarding data for other nodes with no expectation of a return. These assumptions are unrealistic since in ad-hoc networks, nodes are likely to be autonomous...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    A Green Distributed Cooperation for Network and Content Management

    The authors propose a distributed approach in which an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and a Content Provider (CP) cooperate to minimize total power consumption. The authors solution is distributed between the ISP and the CP to limit shared information, such as network topology and servers load. In particular, they develop...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Colocation as a Service: Strategic and Operational Services for Cloud Colocation

    By colocating with other tenants of an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offering, IaaS users could reap significant cost savings by judiciously sharing their use of the fixed-size instances offered by IaaS providers. This paper presents the blueprints of a Colocation as a Service (CaaS) framework. CaaS strategic services identify...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Is a Detector Only Good for Detection?

    A common design of an object recognition system has two steps, a detection step followed by a foreground within class classification step. For example, consider face detection by a boosted cascade of detectors followed by face ID recognition via One-Vs-All (OVA) classifiers. Another example is human detection followed by pose...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    On Unconditionally Secure Computation With Vanishing Communication Cost

    The authors propose a novel distortion-theoretic approach to a secure three-party computation problem. Alice and Bob have deterministic sequences, and Charlie wishes to compute a normalized sum-type function of those sequences. They construct three-party protocols that allow Charlie to compute the function with arbitrarily high accuracy, while maintaining unconditional privacy...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Exact Analysis of Rate Adaptation Algorithms in Wireless LANs

    Rate adaptation plays a key role in determining the performance of wireless LANs. In this paper, the authors introduce a semi-Markovian framework to analyze the performance of two of the most popular rate adaptation algorithms used in wireless LANs, namely Automatic Rate Fallback (ARF) and Adaptive Automatic Rate Fallback (AARF)....

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    A Novel Web-Based Approach for Balancing Usability and Security Requirements of Text Passwords

    Many Internet applications, for example e-commerce or email services require that users create a username and password which serves as an authentication mechanism. Though text passwords have been around for a while, not much has been done in helping naive Internet users in creating strong passwords. Generally users prefer easy-to-remember...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Tracking a Large Number of Objects From Multiple Views

    The authors propose a multi-object multi-camera framework for tracking large numbers of tightly-spaced objects that rapidly move in three dimensions. They formulate the problem of finding correspondences across multiple views as a multidimensional assignment problem and use a greedy randomized adaptive search procedure to solve this NP-hard problem efficiently. To...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Active Hidden Models for Tracking With Kernel Projections

    The authors introduce Active Hidden Models (AHM) that utilize kernel methods traditionally associated with classification. They use AHMs to track deformable objects in video sequences by leveraging kernel projections. They introduce the "Subset projection" method which improves the efficiency of the tracking approach by a factor of ten. They successfully...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Example-Based Image Registration Via Boosted Classifiers

    The authors propose a novel image registration framework which uses classifiers trained from examples of aligned images to achieve registration. The approach is designed to register images of medical data where the physical condition of the patient has changed significantly and image intensities are drastically different. They use two boosted...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    A Message Propagation Model for Hybrid Vehicular Communication Protocols

    This paper addresses a hybrid approach on message propagation in vehicular networks. Short-range Vehicle-To-Vehicle (V2V) communications cannot always guarantee connectivity to the network cloud, especially when traffic density is very low. By utilizing existing wireless network infrastructure it is possible to greatly enhance the capabilities of short range V2V technologies....

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    QoS-Enabled Video Streaming in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Recent advances in wireless communications technology and low-power, low-cost CMOS imaging sensors enable a new sensing modality employing ubiquitous distributed video sensing. In many video sensing applications multimedia streams are often required by the base station to provide detailed information of the target spot in the sensor field. However, limited...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Throughput Estimation for Singleton Video Streaming Application Over Wireless Sensor Network

    Recent advances in wireless communications technology and low-power, low-cost CMOS imaging sensors enable a new sensing modality employing ubiquitous distributed video sensing. In many video sensing applications multimedia streams are often required by the base station to provide detailed information of the target spot in the sensor field. Such applications...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    PhD Forum: Routing Protocol and Performance Modeling in Delay Tolerant Vehicular Networks

    Development of networking protocols is essential for an emerging class of applications described as Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs). The scope and requirements of applications vary significantly, and existing techniques do not apply. The nature of data exchange varies in time and space and thus, the protocols need to accommodate...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Phase Transition of Message Propagation Speed in Delay Tolerant Vehicular Networks

    Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) architectures have recently been proposed as a means to enable efficient routing of messages in Vehicular Area NETworks (VANETs), which are characterized by alternating periods of connectivity and disconnection. Under such architectures, when multi-hop connectivity is available, messages propagate at the speed of radio over connected...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Reservation Policies for Revenue Maximization From Secondary Spectrum Access in Cellular Networks

    The authors consider the problem of providing opportunistic spectrum access to secondary users in wireless cellular networks. From the standpoint of spectrum license holders, achieving benefits of secondary access entails balancing the revenue from such access and its impact on the service of primary users. While dynamic optimization is a...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Asymptotically Optimal Data Dissemination in Multi-Channel Wireless Sensor Networks: Single Radios Suffice

    The authors analyze the performance limits of data dissemination with multi-channel, single radio sensors under random packet loss. They formulate the problem of minimizing the average delay of data dissemination as a stochastic shortest path problem and show that, for an arbitrary topology network, an optimal control policy can be...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Asymptotically Optimal Transmission Policies for Large-Scale Low-Power Wireless Sensor Networks

    The authors consider wireless sensor networks with multiple gateways and multiple classes of traffic carrying data generated by different sensory inputs. The objective is to devise joint routing, power control and transmission scheduling policies in order to gather data in the most efficient manner while respecting the needs of different...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Connected Identifying Codes for Sensor Network Monitoring

    Identifying codes have been proposed as an abstraction for implementing monitoring tasks such as indoor localization using wireless sensor networks. In this approach, sensors' radio coverage overlaps in unique ways over each identifiable region, according to the codewords of an identifying code. While connectivity of the underlying identifying code is...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Reliable Wireless Broadcasting With Near-Zero Feedback

    The authors examine the problem of minimizing feedbacks in reliable wireless broadcasting, by pairing rateless coding with extreme value theory. Their key observation is that, in a broadcast environment, this problem resolves into estimating the maximum number of packets dropped among many receivers rather than for each individual receiver. With...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    On-Line Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access With Unknown Demand Function and Call Length Distribution

    The authors consider a wireless provider who caters to two classes of customers, namely primary and secondary users. Primary users have long term contracts while secondary users are admitted and priced according to current availability of excess spectrum. Secondary users accept an advertised price with a certain probability defined by...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Inverse Compute-and-Forward: Extracting Messages From Simultaneously Transmitted Equations

    The authors consider the transmission of independent messages over a Gaussian relay network with interfering links. Using the compute-and-forward framework, relays can efficiently decode equations of the transmitted messages. The relays can then send their collected equations to the destination, which solves for its desired messages. Here, they study a...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Gait-Based User Classification Using Phone Sensors

    The authors investigate whether smartphones can be used to distinguish different users based on their gait, the rhythmical body movements of human beings as they walk. To this end, they propose, describe, and experimentally evaluate a system that classifies peoples' gait patterns using the tri-axial accelerometer of the Motorola Droid...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Spot Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access in Wireless Cellular Networks

    Recent deregulation initiatives enable cellular providers to sell excess spectrum for secondary usage. In this paper, the authors investigate the problem of optimal spot pricing of spectrum by a provider in the presence of both non-elastic primary users, with long-term commitments, and opportunistic, elastic secondary users. They first show that...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Handover in VLC Systems With Cooperating Mobile Devices

    Visible Light Communications (VLC) is emerging as viable means to overcome the crowded radio spectrum for highly-localized communications systems. With such an approach, luminaires can be adopted for supporting data communication in addition to illumination in what the authors call Cellular Lighting. However, in these systems, the directionality of light...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    A Two Phase Hybrid RSS/AoA Algorithm for Indoor Device Localization Using Visible Light

    A two phase hybrid algorithm for estimating the location of a mobile node, which has the capability of measuring signal strength, azimuth, and elevation, in a smart space environment over the visible light channel is proposed. In contrast to conventional triangulation approaches which are performed in a simplified plane, the...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Optimal Admission Control in Two-Class Preemptive Loss Systems

    The authors study optimal admission control in a two-class preemptive loss system. A class-1 customer arrival aborts service of a class-2 customer if the system is full upon arrival. Each successfully serviced class-2 customer leads to a reward, whereas each aborted class-2 customer incurs a cost. Using dynamic programming, they...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Economic Viability of Private Commons: Framework and Guidelines for Profitability

    Ongoing regulatory reforms have led to several novel spectrum sharing models under the general umbrella of dynamic spectrum sharing. The private commons model introduced by FCC in 2004 allows spectrum licensees to provide secondary access to spectrum on an opportunistic basis while retaining ownership. Since wireless communication systems are typically...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access With Unknown Demand Function

    The authors consider a wireless provider who caters to two classes of customers, namely Primary Users (PUs) and Secondary Users (SUs). PUs has long term contracts while SUs are admitted and priced according to current availability of excess spectrum. The average rate at which SUs attempt to access the spectrum...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Profit-Robust Policies for Dynamic Sharing of Radio Spectrum

    The authors investigate profitability from secondary spectrum provision under unknown relationships between price charged for spectrum use and demand drawn at the given price. They show that profitability is governed by the applied admission policy and the price charged to secondary users. They explicitly identify a critical price (market entry...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Colocation as a Service Strategic and Operational Services for Cloud Colocation

    By co-locating with other tenants of an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offering, IaaS users could reap significant cost savings by judiciously sharing their use of the fixed-size instances offered by IaaS providers. This paper presents the blueprints of a Co-location as a Service (CaaS) framework. CaaS strategic services identify...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jan 2014

    Strategies for Anticipating Risk in Heterogeneous System Design

    Heterogeneous design presents an opportunity to improve energy efficiency but raises a challenge in resource management. Prior design methodologies aim for performance and efficiency, yet a deployed system may miss these targets due to run-time effects, which the authors denote as risk. They propose design strategies that explicitly aim to...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Navigating Heterogeneous Processors with Market Mechanisms

    As datacenters proliferate and access to them is democratized, increasingly diverse cloud applications will demand computation. To accommodate the rise in demand, traditional datacenter servers have relied on Moore's Law. This strategy is insufficient as Dennard scaling ends and constrains the power efficiency of processor servers. Instead of relying on...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2013

    Dynamic Server Power Capping for Enabling Data Center Participation in Power Markets

    Today's US power markets offer new opportunities for the energy consumers to reduce their energy costs by first promising an average consumption rate for the next hour and then by following a regulation signal broadcast by the Independent System Operators (ISOs), who need to match supply and demand in real...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jul 2013

    Dynamic Cache Pooling for Improving Energy Efficiency in 3D Stacked Multicore Processors

    Resource pooling, where multiple architectural components are shared among multiple cores, is a promising technique for improving the system energy efficiency and reducing the total chip area. 3D stacked multicore processors enable efficient pooling of cache resources owing to the short interconnect latency between vertically stacked layers. This paper introduces...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Aug 2013

    Autonomous Resource Sharing for Multi-Threaded Workloads in Virtualized Servers

    Multi-threaded applications from many application domains have started to appear on the cloud resources. Multi-threaded applications bring additional challenges to the management of the cloud resources, due to characteristics such as inter/intra-thread communication. In tandem, as the energy spent on computing continues to increase, the ability to provide energy-performance tradeoffs...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    CCM: Scalable, On-Demand Compute Capacity Management for Cloud Datacenters

    Multi-tenant cloud computing datacenters run diverse workloads with time varying resource demands. This continuously leads to areas of high and low resource utilization throughout the cloud infrastructure. The authors present CCM (Cloud Capacity Manager) - a prototype system, and, methods for dynamically multiplexing the compute capacity of cloud datacenters at...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    vCap: Adaptive Power Capping for Virtualized Servers

    Power capping on server nodes has become an essential feature in data centers for controlling energy costs and peak power consumption. More than half of the server nodes are virtualized in today's data centers; thus, providing a practical power capping technique for consolidated virtual environments is a significant research problem....

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Sep 2013

    Optimizing Communication and Cooling Costs in HPC Data Centers via Intelligent Job Allocation

    Nearly half of the energy in the computing clusters today is consumed by the cooling infrastructure. It is possible to reduce the cooling cost by allowing the data center temperatures to rise; however, component reliability constraints impose thermal thresholds as failure rates are exponentially dependent on the processor temperatures. Existing...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Reliable MLC NAND Flash Memories Based on Nonlinear T-Error-Correcting Codes

    The semiconductor industry witnesses an explosive growth of the NAND flash memory market in the past several years. Due to its high data transfer rate, low power consumption, big storage density and long mechanical durability, the NAND flash memories are widely used as storage media for devices such as portable...

    Provided By Boston University

  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Profiling EEMBC MultiBench Programs Using Full-System Simulations

    In this paper, the authors present the profiling of EEMBC parallel benchmark programs that is designed for the evaluation and future development of scalable SMP architectures. Modern Multi-Processor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) includes tens of IP blocks, such as CPUs, memories, input/output devices, and HW accelerators,. Figure 1 shows an example of...

    Provided By Boston University