Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

Displaying 1-40 of 100 results

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Scate: A Scalable Time and Energy Aware Actor Task Allocation Algorithm in Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks

    In many applications of Wireless Sensor Actor Networks (WSANs) that often run in harsh environments, the reduction of completion times of tasks is highly desired. The authors present a new time-aware, energy-aware, and starvation-free algorithm called Scate for assigning tasks to actors while satisfying the scalability and distribution requirements of...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Multimedia Service Discrimination Based on Fair Resource Allocation Using Bargaining Solutions

    The authors deal with a resource allocation problem for multimedia service discrimination in wireless networks. They assume that a service provider allocates network resources to users who can choose and access one of the discriminated services. To express the rational service selection of users, the utility function of users is...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Low-Cost, Low-Power, High-Capacity 3R OEO-Type Reach Extender for a Long-Reach TDMA-PON

    This paper proposes a low-cost, low-power, and high-capacity optical-electrical-optical-type reach extender that can provide 3R frame regeneration and remote management to increase the reach and split ratio with no change to a legacy time division multiple access passive optical network. To provide remote management, the extender gathers information regarding optical...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    High-Frequency Modeling and Optimization of E/O Response and Reflection Characteristics of 40 Gb/s EML Module for Optical Transmitters

    A complete high-frequency small-signal circuit model of a 40 Gb/s butterfly electro-absorption modulator integrated laser module is presented for the first time to analyze and optimize its Electro-Optic (E/O) response and reflection characteristics. An agreement between measured and simulated results demonstrates the accuracy and validity of the procedures. By optimizing...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Modified RHKF Filter for Improved DR/GPS Navigation Against Uncertain Model Dynamics

    In this paper, an error compensation technique for a Dead Reckoning (DR) system using a magnetic compass module is proposed. The magnetic compass-based azimuth may include a bias that varies with location due to the surrounding magnetic sources. In this paper, the DR system is integrated with a Global Positioning...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    High-Quality and Robust Reversible Data Hiding by Coefficient Shifting Algorithm

    This paper presents two reversible data hiding schemes based on the Coefficient Shifting (CS) algorithm. The first scheme uses the CS algorithm with a mean predictor in the spatial domain to provide a large payload while minimizing distortion. To guard against manipulations, the second scheme uses a robust version of...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Interference Management With Block Diagonalization for Macro/Femto Coexisting Networks

    A femtocell is a small cellular base station, typically designed for use in a home or small business. The random deployment of a femtocell has a critical effect on the performance of a macrocell network due to co-channel interference. Utilizing the advantage of a multiple-input multiple-output system, each Femto Base...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Analyzing the Economic Effect of Mobile Network Sharing in Korea

    As mobile markets in most developed countries are rapidly coming close to saturation, it is increasingly challenging to cover the cost of providing the network, as revenues are not growing. This has driven mobile operators, thus far mostly involved in facility-based competition, to turn their attention to network sharing. There...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Closed-Loop Transmit Diversity Techniques for Small Wireless Terminals and Their Performance Assessment in a Flat Fading Channel

    Closed-loop transmit diversity is considered an important technique for improving the link budget in the third generation and future wireless communication standards. This paper proposes several transmit diversity algorithms suitable for small wireless terminals and presents performance assessment in terms of average Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) and outage improvement, convergence, and...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Handover Ranging Power Adjustment Using Uplink Channel Information in IEEE 802.16e/m

    This paper proposes a handover ranging power adjustment scheme to improve handover performance. Incorrect ranging power can degrade handover performance due to the increased handover latency; therefore, the proposed scheme exploits the uplink channel information to adjust the uplink handover ranging power. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme reduces...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Low-Complexity Planar Antenna Array for Wireless Communication Applications: Robust Source Localization in Impulsive Noise

    This paper proposes robust source localization methods for estimating the azimuth angle, elevation angle, velocity, and range using a low-complexity planar antenna array in impulsive non-Gaussian noise environments. The proposed robust source localization methods for wireless communication applications are based on nonlinear M-estimation provided from Huber and Hampel. Simulation results...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Statistical Analysis of a Subjective QoE Assessment for VVoIP Applications

    A successful deployment of multimedia applications over wireless environments entails improving the Quality of Service (QoS), not only from a technical point of view, but also considering the Quality of Experience (QoE) from the final user's perception. Although objective QoE measure models avoid the difficulties of subjective surveys, subjective QoE...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Measurement Scheme for One-Way Delay Variation With Detection and Removal of Clock Skew

    One-Way Delay Variation (OWDV) has become increasingly of interest to researchers as a way to evaluate network state and service quality, especially for real-time and streaming services such as Voice-over-Internet-Protocol (VoIP) and video. Many schemes for OWDV measurement require clock synchronization through the Global-Positioning System (GPS) or network time protocol....

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Reducing Channel Capacity for Scalable Video Coding in a Distributed Network

    In recent years, the development of multimedia devices has meant that a wider multimedia streaming service can be supported, and there are now many ways in which TV channels can communicate with different terminals. Generally, scalable video streaming is known to provide more efficient channel capacity than simulcast video streaming....

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Concentric Circle-Based Image Signature for Near-Duplicate Detection in Large Databases

    Many applications dealing with image management need a technique for removing duplicate images or for grouping related (near-duplicate) images in a database. This paper proposes a concentric circle-based image signature which makes it possible to detect near-duplicates rapidly and accurately. An image is partitioned by radius and angle levels from...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Rack-Level DC Power Solution for Volume Servers

    Rack-level DC power supply is the optimal technology for providing DC power to a volume server without any power infrastructure changes in an existing AC data center. In this paper, the authors propose a smartly controllable and monitorable DC rack power system. The proposed system improves power efficiency by changing...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Secure Face Authentication Framework in Open Networks

    In response to increased security concerns, biometrics is becoming more focused on overcoming or complementing conventional knowledge and possession-based authentication. However, biometric authentication requires special care since the loss of biometric data is irrecoverable. In this paper, the authors present a biometric authentication framework, where several novel techniques are applied...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Efficient Multiplexing Scheme of Stereoscopic Video Sequences for Digital Broadcasting Services

    This paper introduces a stereoscopic video broadcasting system that provides 3D visual service and has full backward compatibility with legacy Digital TeleVision (DTV) service in the same channel capacity. The proposed stereoscopic video broadcasting system in this paper is composed of both a hybrid codec and a multiplexer with a...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Chip Impedance Evaluation Method for UHF RFID Transponder ICs Over Absorbed Input Power

    Based on a de-embedding technique, a new method is proposed which is capable of evaluating chip impedance behavior over absorbed power in flip-chip bonded UHF radio frequency identification transponder ICs. For the de-embedding, four compact co-planar test fixtures, an equivalent circuit for the fixtures, and a parameter extraction procedure for...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    OPRoS: A New Component-Based Robot Software Platform

    A component is a reusable and replaceable software module accessed through its interface. Component-based development is expected to shorten the development period, reduce maintenance costs, and improve program reusability and the interoperability of components. This paper proposes a new robot software component platform in order to support the entire process...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Hardware-Aware Rate Monotonic Scheduling Algorithm for Embedded Multimedia Systems

    Many embedded multimedia systems employ special hardware blocks to co-process with the main processor. Even though an efficient handling of such hardware blocks is critical on the overall performance of real-time multimedia systems, traditional real-time scheduling techniques cannot afford to guarantee a high quality of multimedia playbacks with neither delay...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Content Protective Multi-Agent Platform for MsMu Service and Pattern-Based Content Management

    Recent research on mobile Internet protocol television and Digital Right Management (DRM) interconnections has focused on multimedia technologies designed to enhance content scalability and adaptive content distribution. However, due to the architectural and scalable limitations, recent systems are not flexible and securable with respect to their adaptive content distribution and...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    A Novel Approach for Mining High-Utility Sequential Patterns in Sequence Databases

    Mining sequential patterns is an important research issue in data mining and knowledge discovery with broad applications. However, the existing sequential pattern mining approaches consider only binary frequency values of items in sequences and equal importance/significance values of distinct items. Therefore, they are not applicable to actually represent many real-world...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Virtual Reality Content-Based Training for Spray Painting Tasks in the Shipbuilding Industry

    Training is one of the representative application fields of virtual reality technology where users can have virtual experience in a training task and working environment. Widely used in the medical and military fields, virtual reality-based training systems are also useful in industrial fields, such as the aerospace industry, since they...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    A Robust Mutual Authentication Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Authentication is an important service in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) for an unattended environment. Recently, Das proposed a hash-based authentication protocol for WSNs, which provides more security against the masquerade, stolen-verifier, replay, and guessing attacks and avoids the threat which comes with having many logged-in users with the same login-id....

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Disguised-Face Discriminator for Embedded Systems

    In this paper, the authors introduce an improved Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost) classifier and its application, a disguised-face discriminator that discriminates between bare and disguised faces. The proposed classifier is based on an AdaBoost learning algorithm and regression technique. In the process, the lookup table of AdaBoost learning is utilized. The...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Joint Channel Coding Based on Principal Component Analysis

    This paper proposes a new joint channel coding algorithm based on principal component analysis. A conventional joint channel coder using passive downmixing undergoes a reduction of both the Primary-to-Ambient energy Ratio (PAR) of the downmix signal and the panning gain ratio of the primary source. The proposed system preserves the...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    On-Chip Bus Serialization Method for Low-Power Communications

    One of the critical issues in on-chip serial communications is increased power consumption. In general, serial communications tend to dissipate more energy than parallel communications due to bit multiplexing. This paper proposes a low-power bus serialization method. This encodes bus signals prior to serialization so that they are converted into...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Adaptive Cooperative Spectrum Sharing Based on Fairness and Total Profit in Cognitive Radio Networks

    A cooperative model is presented to enable sharing of the spectrum with secondary users. Compared with the optimal model and competitive model, the cooperative model could reach the maximum total profit for secondary users with better fairness. The cooperative model is built based on the Nash equilibrium. Then a conceding...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Design and Implementation of a Latency Efficient Encoder for LTE Systems

    The operation time of an encoder is one of the critical implementation issues for satisfying the timing requirements of Long Term Evolution (LTE) systems because the encoder is based on binary operations. In this paper, the authors propose a design and implementation of a latency efficient encoder for LTE systems....

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Low-Cost High-Performance TDD Synchronizer for WiBro RF Repeater

    WiBro Radio Frequency (RF) repeater is used for solving the problem of partial shadow areas in the wireless communication field that uses Time-Division Duplexing (TDD) mode. In this paper, a method to efficiently generate TDD signals for WiBro RF repeater is proposed and its digital circuit is implemented. A TDD...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Channel Estimation and LDPC Code Puncturing Schemes Based on Incremental Pilots for OFDM

    In this paper, the authors propose a channel estimation algorithm based on incremental pilots. These are pilots additionally inserted after puncturing the modulated Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbols to enhance channel estimation performance without lowering bandwidth efficiency. A low-density parity-check code puncturing scheme is also proposed to prevent the...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Design for a Dual-Frequency Antenna-in-Package

    For an Antenna-in-Package (AiP), via holes are used to connect the antenna ground and system ground. In this paper, a dual-frequency AiP with a U-slot embedded in the patch is proposed. By properly arranging three via holes under the non-radiating edge, an AiP with two resonant frequencies is realized. Then...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Broadband Stacked Patch Antenna With Low VSWR and Low Cross-Polarization

    A low cross-polarization broadband stacked patch antenna is proposed. By means of the stacked patch configuration and probe-fed strip feed technique, the VSWR 1.2:1 bandwidth of the patch antenna is enhanced to 22% from 804 MHz to 1,002 MHz, which outperforms the other available patch antennas (

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Scalable Path Computation Flooding Approach for PCE-Based Multi-Domain Networks

    In this paper, the authors assess the scalability of a Path Computation Flooding (PCF) approach to compute optimal end-to-end inter-domain paths in a path computation element-based multi-domain network. PCF yields a drastically reduced network blocking probability compared to a blind per-domain path computation but introduces significant network control overhead and...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Enhanced Block-Based Adaptive Loop Filter With Multiple Symmetric Structures for Video Coding

    In this paper, the authors present an Enhanced Block-based Adaptive Loop Filter (E-BALF) with multiple filter symmetric structures. The E-BALF adapts various filter symmetric structures in a rate-distortion optimization sense, reflecting the statistical properties of each image in a video sequence. Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves a...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Dynamic Collaborative Cloud Service Platform: Opportunities and Challenges

    This paper presents a model for a Dynamic Collaboration (DC) platform among Cloud Providers (CPs) that prevents adverse business impacts, cloud vendor lock-in and violation of service level agreements with consumers, and also offers collaborative cloud services to consumers. The authors consider two major challenges. The first challenge is to...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Non-Data-Aided Weighted Non-Coherent Receiver for IR-UWB PPM Signals

    This paper proposes an energy-detection-based Non-Data Aided Weighted Non-Coherent Receiver (NDA-WNCR) scheme for Impulse Radio Ultra-WideBand (IR-UWB) pulse-position modulated signals. Compared to the conventional WNCR, the optimal weights of the proposed NDA-WNCR are tremendously simplified as the maximum eigenvector of the IRUWB signal energy sample autocorrelation matrix. The NDAWNCR serves...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Multiband Meandered Monopole Antenna for Mobile Applications

    A multiband meandered monopole antenna is proposed for Digital Video Broadcasting Handheld (DVB-H), global positioning system, personal communications service, Wireless broadband (Wibro), and Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) applications. The proposed antenna consists of a meandered line, a shorted length strip line, and a conductor strip between a meandered line...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Random Point Blinding Methods for Koblitz Curve Cryptosystem

    While the Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem (ECC) is getting more popular in securing numerous systems, implementations without consideration for side-channel attacks are susceptible to critical information leakage. This paper proposes new power attack countermeasures for ECC over Koblitz curves. Based on some special properties of Koblitz curves, the proposed methods randomize...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Random Point Blinding Methods for Koblitz Curve Cryptosystem

    While the Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem (ECC) is getting more popular in securing numerous systems, implementations without consideration for side-channel attacks are susceptible to critical information leakage. This paper proposes new power attack countermeasures for ECC over Koblitz curves. Based on some special properties of Koblitz curves, the proposed methods randomize...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Temperature-Adaptive Back-Bias Voltage Generator for an RCAT Pseudo SRAM

    In order to guarantee the proper operation of a Recessed Channel Array Transistor (RCAT) pseudo SRAM, the back-bias voltage must be changed in response to changes in temperature. Due to cell drivability and leakage current, the obtainable back-bias range also changes with temperature. This paper presents a pseudo SRAM for...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Non-Data-Aided Weighted Non-Coherent Receiver for IR-UWB PPM Signals

    This paper proposes an energy-detection-based Non-Data Aided Weighted Non-Coherent Receiver (NDA-WNCR) scheme for Impulse Radio Ultra-WideBand (IR-UWB) pulse-position modulated signals. Compared to the conventional WNCR, the optimal weights of the proposed NDA-WNCR are tremendously simplified as the maximum eigenvector of the IRUWB signal energy sample autocorrelation matrix. The NDAWNCR serves...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Multiband Meandered Monopole Antenna for Mobile Applications

    A multiband meandered monopole antenna is proposed for Digital Video Broadcasting Handheld (DVB-H), global positioning system, personal communications service, Wireless broadband (Wibro), and Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) applications. The proposed antenna consists of a meandered line, a shorted length strip line, and a conductor strip between a meandered line...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Flush Optimizations to Guarantee Less Transient Traffic in Ethernet Ring Protection

    Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP) technology, which is defined in ITU-T Recommendation G.8032, has been developed to provide carrier grade recovery for Ethernet ring networks. However, the Filtering DataBase (FDB) flush method adopted in the current ERP standard has the drawback of introducing a large amount of transient traffic overshoot caused...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Key Establishment and Pairing Management Protocol for Downloadable Conditional Access System Host Devices

    In this paper, the authors investigate the possible security threats to Downloadable Conditional Access System (DCAS) host devices. They then propose a DCAS Secure Micro (SM) and Transport Processor (TP) security protocol that counters identified security threats using a secure key establishment and pairing management scheme. The proposed protocol not...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    RF Band-Pass Sampling Frontend for Multiband Access CR/SDR Receiver

    Radio Frequency (RF) subsampling can be used by radio receivers to directly down-convert and digitize RF signals. A goal of a Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Ratio (CR/SDR) receiver design is to place the Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) as near the antenna as possible. Based on this, a band-pass sampling (BPS) frontend for...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Efficient Implementation of a Pseudorandom Sequence Generator for High-Speed Data Communications

    A conventional pseudorandom sequence generator creates only 1 bit of data per clock cycle. Therefore, it may cause a delay in data communications. In this paper, the authors propose an efficient implementation method for a pseudorandom sequence generator with parallel outputs. By virtue of the simple matrix multiplications, they derive...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Relay Performance Analysis of TTR and STR Relay Modes in IEEE 802.16j MMR System

    The IEEE802.16j standard uses non-transparent relay stations to extend coverage. There are two types of nontransparent relay modes, that is, the Time-division Transmit and Receive (TTR) relay mode which can operate with one of two types of frame structures, a single-frame and multi-frame structure, and the Simultaneous Transmit and Receive...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Performance Evaluation of Service-Aware Optical Transport System

    Legacy optical transport networks have been designed to provide Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) services such as voice traffic with high performance and low latency. However, the world of telecommunications is changing due to the accelerating demand for Ethernet services. Ethernet has been gaining greater interest from both data service providers and...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Demonstration of RSOA-Based 20 Gb/s Linear Bus WDM-PON With Simple Optical Add-Drop Node Structure

    The authors describe a linear bus wavelength-reused gigabit Wavelength-Division Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (WDM-PON) with multiple optical add-drop nodes. A commercially available reflective semiconductor optical amplifier-based WDM-PON has a sufficient power budget to provide multiple optical add/drop nodes in 16 WDM channels. Sixteen 1.25 Gb/s WDM channels are successfully transmitted...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    Spectral Efficiency of WRAN Spectrum Overlay in the TV White Space

    In this paper, the authors investigate the spectral efficiency of IEEE 802.22 Wireless Regional Area Network (WRAN) spectrum overlay when it is used in TV white space. Since 2004, when the FCC published the notice of proposed rule making 04-186 to make use of unused TV spectrum, the IEEE 802.22...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Polarization-Diversity Cross-Shaped Patch Antenna for Satellite-DMB Systems

    A small reconfigurable patch antenna is proposed to achieve polarization diversity for digital multimedia broadcasting systems at 2.6 GHz. To obtain polarization diversity, a pair of on-slit PIN diodes is inserted in each diagonal of a cross-shaped patch. Thus, four PIN-diodes on these slits are utilized to change the connection...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    High System Performance With Plasmonic Waveguides and Functional Devices

    The application of photonics in computing and information processing has been discussed over the past several decades. Impacted current computing systems consist of intra- and inter-chip interconnections that rely upon the flow of photons, thereby solving the communication problem between logic devices. In addition, photonics can also reduce the total...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Ultra-small Form-Factor Helix on Pad-Type Stage-Bypass WCDMA Tx Power Amplifier Using a Chip-Stacking Technique and a Multilayer Substrate

    A fully integrated small form-factor HBT Power Amplifier (PA) was developed for UMTS Tx applications. For practical use, the PA was implemented with a well configured bottom dimension, and a CMOS control IC was added to enable/disable the HBT PA. By using helix-on-pad integrated passive device output matching, a chip-stacking...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    A New Architecture of Matched Filter for Chirp Spread Spectrum in IEEE 802.15.4a

    The authors propose a new matched filter architecture for chirp spread spectrum in IEEE 802.15.4a. By using relations among the four subchirps, the proposed architecture comprises four subfilters utilizing only a set of coefficients matched to the first subchirp. The four subfilters share adders and registers, and as a result,...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Rayleigh-Quotient and Iterative-Threshold-Test-Based Blind TOA Estimation for IR-UWB Systems

    This paper proposes a non-coherent blind Time-Of-Arrival (TOA) estimation scheme for impulse radio ultra-wideband systems. The TOA estimation is performed in two consecutive phases: the Rayleigh-quotient theorem-based Coarse-Signal Acquisition (CSA) and the iterative-threshold-test-based Fine Time Estimation (FTE). The proposed scheme serves in a blind manner without demanding any a priori...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    A Low-Complexity 128-Point Mixed-Radix FFT Processor for MB-OFDM UWB Systems

    Ultra-WideBand (UWB) systems supporting various data rates from tens of Mb/s to hundreds of Mb/s are very suitable for application to short range wireless communications because they can share the frequency band with existing narrowband systems. One of the candidate schemes for the high-speed UWB PHYsical layer (PHY) is a...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Novel UWB Transceiver for WBAN Networks: A Study on AWGN Channels

    A novel Ultra-WideBand (UWB) transceiver structure is presented to be used in Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). In the proposed structure, a data channel and a control channel are combined into a single transmission signal. In the signal, a modulation method mixing pulse position modulation and pulse amplitude modulation is...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Game Traffic Classification Using Statistical Characteristics at the Transport Layer

    The pervasive game environments have activated explosive growth of the Internet over recent decades. Thus, understanding Internet traffic characteristics and precise classification have become important issues in network management, resource provisioning, and game application development. Naturally, much attention has been given to analyzing and modeling game traffic. Little research, however,...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Harmonic Identification Algorithms Based on DCT for Power Quality Applications

    The increasing demand for non-sinusoidal currents affects the quality of distribution networks. Harmonic detection is a crucial step in the cancellation of those components by active power filters. In this paper, the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) is compared with different implementations based on Fourier transforms, demonstrating their equivalences and the...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Improvement of Ultra-Wideband Link Performance Over Bands Requiring Interference Mitigation in Korea

    Ultra-WideBand (UWB) systems have witnessed a debate over whether they may cause interference to other existing and future narrowband systems sharing their band of operation. The Detect And Avoid (DAA) mechanism was developed as a solution to reduce interference to narrowband systems in order to ease regulatory concerns. It works...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Electronic Feedback System for Stabilization of Fiber Ring Resonator

    The authors propose a simple technique to stabilize the optical output intensity of a fiber ring resonator. The electronic feedback circuit system, which consists of two voltage control oscillators, a phase comparator, and a low pass filter, is applied to the fiber ring resonator in order to compensate the optical...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Design of an Internal Antenna With Near-Omnidirectional H-Plane Radiation Pattern Over Ultra-Wide Bandwidth

    In this paper, an ultra-wideband internal antenna for use in mobile applications is proposed. The proposed antenna has symmetrical bi-arm structures printed on the top and bottom of the substrate, and it occupies a compact area of 10 mm ? 10 mm ? 1 mm. The designed antenna has an...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Multihop Rate Adaptive Wireless Scalable Video Using Syndrome-Based Partial Decoding

    The overall channel capacity of a multihop wireless path drops progressively over each hop due to the cascading effect of noise and interference. Hence, without optimal rate adaptation, the video quality is expected to degrade significantly at any client located at a far-edge of an ad-hoc network. To overcome this...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    A Practical RTP Packetization Scheme for SVC Video Transport Over IP Networks

    Scalable Video Coding (SVC) has been standardized as an extension of the H.264/AVC standard. This paper proposes a practical Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) packetization scheme to transport SVC video over IP networks. In combined scalability of SVC, a coded picture of a base or scalable enhancement layer is produced as...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Performance Analysis of Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks

    Increasing convergence among heterogeneous radio networks is expected to be a key feature of future ubiquitous services. The convergence of radio networks in combination with Dynamic Spectrum Allocation (DSA) could be a beneficial means to solve the growing demand for radio spectrum. DSA might enhance the spectrum utilization of involved...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Analysis of Consumers' Choices and Time-Consumption Behaviors for Various Broadcasting and Telecommunication Convergence Services

    In this paper, the authors analyzed consumers' choices of various broadcasting and telecommunication convergence services and time consumption for chosen services by using survey data. A multivariate probit model was used to model consumers' choices of various broadcasting and telecommunication convergence services, and an ordered probit model was used to...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Multi-Constrained Shortest Disjoint Paths for Reliable QoS Routing

    Finding link-disjoint or node-disjoint paths under multiple constraints is an effective way to improve network QoS ability, reliability, and so on. However, existing algorithms for such scheme cannot ensure a feasible solution for arbitrary networks. The authors propose design principles of an algorithm to fill this gap, which they arrive...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    A Highly Efficient GaAs HBT MMIC Balanced Power Amplifier for W-CDMA Handset Applications

    A highly efficient and compactly integrated balanced Power Amplifier (PA) for W-CDMA handset applications is presented. To overcome the size limit of a typical balanced PA, a bulky input divider is integrated into a PA MMIC, and a complex output network is replaced with simple lumped-element networks. For efficiency improvement...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    2.4 GHz WLAN InGaP/GaAs Power Amplifier With Temperature Compensation Technique

    Recently, the Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) market has grown rapidly due to the increasing demand for high data rates. It requires a highly linear Power Amplifier (PA) because of a high peak-to-average ratio. The linearity of an 802.11g PA is generally evaluated through Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) because information...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Dictionary Attack on Functional Transform-Based Cancelable Fingerprint Templates

    Recently, Ratha and others proposed a cancelable biometrics scheme which transforms an original fingerprint template into a new one using a noninvertible transformation. However, the authors show that the original template is recovered by a dictionary attack if two transformed templates originating from it are revealed. In their attack, they...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    An Ethernet Ring Protection Method to Minimize Transient Traffic by Selective FDB Advertisement

    The authors introduce an improved Ethernet ring protection method, selective Filtering DataBase (FDB) advertisement, to minimize traffic overshoot in the event of a failure or recovery. On the protection switching event, the proposed method makes all ring nodes perform an FDB flush except the FDB entries associated with their client...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Novel Equalization On-Channel Repeater With Feedback Interference Canceller in Terrestrial Digital Multimedia Broadcasting System

    In this paper, the authors propose a novel equalization On-Channel Repeater (OCR) with a feedback interference canceller (FIC) to relay terrestrial digital multimedia broadcasting signals in single frequency networks. The proposed OCR not only has high output power by cancelling the feedback signals caused by insufficient antenna isolation through the...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Design and Development of T-DMB Multichannel Audio Service System Based on Spatial Audio Coding

    In this paper, a Terrestrial Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (T-DMB) multichannel audio broadcasting system based on spatial audio coding is presented. The proposed system provides realistic multichannel audio service via T-DMB with a small increase of data rate as well as backward compatibility with the conventional stereo-based T-DMB player. To reduce...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Design and Performance Analysis of Emulator for Standard Conformance Test of Active RFID

    An active Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) system has the advantages of a long identification distance and a good identification rate, overcoming passive RFID drawbacks. Therefore, interest in the development of active RFID systems has been gradually increasing in areas of harbor logistics and national defense. However, some identification failures between...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Security Flaws in Authentication Protocols With Anonymity for Wireless Environments

    The emerging wireless networks require the design of new authentication protocols due to their dynamic nature and vulnerable-to-attack structure. Recently, Wu and others proposed a wireless authentication protocol which is claimed to be an improvement of the authentication protocol proposed by Lee and others which provides user anonymity. In this...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Wirelessly Synchronized One-Way Ranging Algorithm With Active Mobile Nodes

    In this paper, the authors propose a one-way ranging algorithm that is based on wireless synchronization with measured timestamps and clock frequency offsets. In their proposed algorithm, an active mobile node initiates a ranging procedure by transmitting a ranging frame, and the anchor nodes report their timestamps for the received...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    A Weighted Scheduling Mechanism to Reduce Multicast Packet Loss in IPTV Service Over EPON

    In this paper, an Ordered Successive Interference Cancellation (OSIC) scheme is applied for Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) detection in Ultra-WideBand (UWB) communication systems. The error rate expression of an OSIC receiver on a log-normal multipath fading channel is theoretically derived in a closed form solution. Its bit error rate performance is...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Design of Balanced Dual-Band Bandpass Filter With Self-Feedback Structure

    The rapid development of wireless communication is creating extraordinary demand for dual-band Radio Frequency (RF) front-end solutions. Various dual-band filters have recently been proposed. The transmission zeros are introduced in the middle of a wide bandpass filter to enforce the emergence of two separate passbands. Also, some dualband filters and...

    Provided By Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute