European Commission

Displaying 1-15 of 15 results

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Supply-Demand Gap Between Small Exporting Creative Firms and Professional Service Providers

    Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) have a large potential for growth through internationalization. Also small creative firms can benefit from export-related activities but often lack the necessary managerial and legal background and therefore need external support to perform successfully. The question can be raised as to which degree specialized...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Financial Sector Taxation

    The global economic and financial crisis has created important needs for fiscal consolidation. This paper analyses potential instruments to raise additional tax revenues from the financial sector. It is organised as follows. The main goals driving this debate are: the use of taxation as a complement to regulation to correct...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Heuristic Strategies In Finance - An Overview

    This paper presents a survey on the application of heuristic optimization techniques in the broad field of finance. Heuristic algorithms have been extensively used to tackle complex financial problems, which traditional optimization techniques cannot efficiently solve. Heuristic optimization techniques are suitable for non-linear and non-convex multi-objective optimization problems. Due to...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Fiscal Stimulus And Exit Strategies In The EU: A Model-based Analysis

    This paper uses a multi-region dynamic general equilibrium model with collateral constrained households and residential investment to examine the effectiveness of fiscal policy. The presence of credit constrained households makes fiscal policy a more powerful tool for short run stabilization and reinforces the effects from monetary accommodation at the zero...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Insurance Guarantee Schemes

    Insurance Guarantee Schemes (IGSs) provide last-resort protection to consumers when insurance undertakings are unable to fulfill their contractual commitments. They thus protect people against the risk that claims will not be met if their insurance company becomes insolvent. Guarantee schemes operate in other sectors of the financial services industry. In...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Innovative Financing At A Global Level

    The global economic and financial crisis has created important needs for fiscal consolidation in EU countries and around the world. It has also demonstrated the cost of financial instability for the real economy - and the taxpayer - as well as the importance of new public policy measures to build...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    ICT And E-Business For An Innovative And Sustainable Economy

    The Sectoral e-Business Watch studies the adoption, implications and impact of electronic business practices in different sectors of the economy. It continues activities of the preceding "E-Business W@tch", which was launched by the European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry, in late 2001, to support industrial policy, notably in the fields...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Unexpected Changes In Tax Revenues And The Stabilisation Function Of Fiscal Policy. Evidence For EU

    This paper analyzes the size and the determinants of unexpected changes in EU countries' tax revenues and their impact on the ability of EU governments to use fiscal policy as a macroeconomic stabilization device. The authors make use of information taken from the Stability and Convergence Programmes (SCP) setting countries'...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Study on Activities Undertaken to Address Threats That Undermine Confidence in the Information Society, Such as Spam, Spyware and Malicious Software

    Bringing together the technical and investigative expertise of Different government agencies and establishing close cooperation with network operators and ISPs. The Commission further stresses the need to dedicate substantial resources to gather evidence, pursue investigations and mount prosecution in this field. As far as the role of industry is concerned...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Back-Office Functions for Knowledge Economy

    The whole discussion of excellence versus quality is extremely relevant, but also one where it is extremely difficult to point to concrete actions. One in which one works with renewed peer review as part of the parallel publishing is an interesting idea, but it will in the authors opinion get...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Macroeconomic Stability And Financial Regulation: Key Issues For The G20

    As the financial crisis deepens, the temptations for each individual country to free ride increase and the need for coordination becomes more evident. The London Summit on 2 April should play a key role in generating such a coordinated response, by offering concrete, implementable results that can restore confidence and...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Gauging By Numbers: A First Attempt To Measure The Quality Of Public Finances In The EU

    Ensuring high Quality of Public Finances (QPF) with a view to supporting long-term economic growth has gained new urgency as the room for fiscal maneuver has shrunk in light of the current crisis. To more systematically analyze QPF and compare developments across countries and over time, a greater focus on...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Quantifying The Impact Of Highly-Skilled Emigration On Developing Countries

    Skilled migration is a key component of the globalization process. Recent theoretical literature shows that such migration affects the source countries in a number of ways. In particular, it has been suggested that remittances, return migration, network effects favoring international transactions and technology diffusion, as well as brain grain channels,...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Oct 2008

    Global Impact Of A Shift In Foreign Reserves To Euro

    This paper uses QUEST III, a multi-region DSGE model, to study the macroeconomic effects of a gradual equalization of official foreign reserves between dollars and euros. The authors simulate a scenario of a shift in the composition of foreign reserves holdings from the present ratio of 65 percent dollars and...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Feb 2008

    Improving the Design of Highly Variant-Rich Business Process Models

    The variability level of average-size Business Information Systems (BIS) is highly enough for making the design of this kind of systems a complex task. There is an approach, called Process Family Engineering (PFE) that tries to ease the design of BIS using ideas from the Software Product Lines (SPL) field....

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Back-Office Functions for Knowledge Economy

    The whole discussion of excellence versus quality is extremely relevant, but also one where it is extremely difficult to point to concrete actions. One in which one works with renewed peer review as part of the parallel publishing is an interesting idea, but it will in the authors opinion get...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Study on Activities Undertaken to Address Threats That Undermine Confidence in the Information Society, Such as Spam, Spyware and Malicious Software

    Bringing together the technical and investigative expertise of Different government agencies and establishing close cooperation with network operators and ISPs. The Commission further stresses the need to dedicate substantial resources to gather evidence, pursue investigations and mount prosecution in this field. As far as the role of industry is concerned...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Quantifying The Impact Of Highly-Skilled Emigration On Developing Countries

    Skilled migration is a key component of the globalization process. Recent theoretical literature shows that such migration affects the source countries in a number of ways. In particular, it has been suggested that remittances, return migration, network effects favoring international transactions and technology diffusion, as well as brain grain channels,...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    ICT And E-Business For An Innovative And Sustainable Economy

    The Sectoral e-Business Watch studies the adoption, implications and impact of electronic business practices in different sectors of the economy. It continues activities of the preceding "E-Business W@tch", which was launched by the European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry, in late 2001, to support industrial policy, notably in the fields...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Insurance Guarantee Schemes

    Insurance Guarantee Schemes (IGSs) provide last-resort protection to consumers when insurance undertakings are unable to fulfill their contractual commitments. They thus protect people against the risk that claims will not be met if their insurance company becomes insolvent. Guarantee schemes operate in other sectors of the financial services industry. In...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Macroeconomic Stability And Financial Regulation: Key Issues For The G20

    As the financial crisis deepens, the temptations for each individual country to free ride increase and the need for coordination becomes more evident. The London Summit on 2 April should play a key role in generating such a coordinated response, by offering concrete, implementable results that can restore confidence and...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Financial Sector Taxation

    The global economic and financial crisis has created important needs for fiscal consolidation. This paper analyses potential instruments to raise additional tax revenues from the financial sector. It is organised as follows. The main goals driving this debate are: the use of taxation as a complement to regulation to correct...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Innovative Financing At A Global Level

    The global economic and financial crisis has created important needs for fiscal consolidation in EU countries and around the world. It has also demonstrated the cost of financial instability for the real economy - and the taxpayer - as well as the importance of new public policy measures to build...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Oct 2008

    Global Impact Of A Shift In Foreign Reserves To Euro

    This paper uses QUEST III, a multi-region DSGE model, to study the macroeconomic effects of a gradual equalization of official foreign reserves between dollars and euros. The authors simulate a scenario of a shift in the composition of foreign reserves holdings from the present ratio of 65 percent dollars and...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Heuristic Strategies In Finance - An Overview

    This paper presents a survey on the application of heuristic optimization techniques in the broad field of finance. Heuristic algorithms have been extensively used to tackle complex financial problems, which traditional optimization techniques cannot efficiently solve. Heuristic optimization techniques are suitable for non-linear and non-convex multi-objective optimization problems. Due to...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Gauging By Numbers: A First Attempt To Measure The Quality Of Public Finances In The EU

    Ensuring high Quality of Public Finances (QPF) with a view to supporting long-term economic growth has gained new urgency as the room for fiscal maneuver has shrunk in light of the current crisis. To more systematically analyze QPF and compare developments across countries and over time, a greater focus on...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Unexpected Changes In Tax Revenues And The Stabilisation Function Of Fiscal Policy. Evidence For EU

    This paper analyzes the size and the determinants of unexpected changes in EU countries' tax revenues and their impact on the ability of EU governments to use fiscal policy as a macroeconomic stabilization device. The authors make use of information taken from the Stability and Convergence Programmes (SCP) setting countries'...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Fiscal Stimulus And Exit Strategies In The EU: A Model-based Analysis

    This paper uses a multi-region dynamic general equilibrium model with collateral constrained households and residential investment to examine the effectiveness of fiscal policy. The presence of credit constrained households makes fiscal policy a more powerful tool for short run stabilization and reinforces the effects from monetary accommodation at the zero...

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Feb 2008

    Improving the Design of Highly Variant-Rich Business Process Models

    The variability level of average-size Business Information Systems (BIS) is highly enough for making the design of this kind of systems a complex task. There is an approach, called Process Family Engineering (PFE) that tries to ease the design of BIS using ideas from the Software Product Lines (SPL) field....

    Provided By European Commission

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Supply-Demand Gap Between Small Exporting Creative Firms and Professional Service Providers

    Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) have a large potential for growth through internationalization. Also small creative firms can benefit from export-related activities but often lack the necessary managerial and legal background and therefore need external support to perform successfully. The question can be raised as to which degree specialized...

    Provided By European Commission