Experimental Economics Center

Displaying 1-14 of 14 results

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    A Parallel and Distributed Framework for Constraint Solving

    With the increased availability of affordable parallel and distributed hardware, programming models for these architectures has become the focus of significant attention. Constraint programming, which can be seen as the encoding of processes as a Constraint Satisfaction Problem, because of its data-driven and control-insensitive approach is a prime candidate to...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Can Vertical Separation Reduce Non-Price Discrimination And Increase Welfare?

    The authors investigate if vertical separation reduces non-price discrimination and increases welfare. Consider an industry consisting of a vertically integrated firm and an independent retailer, which requires access to the vertically integrated firm's wholesaler services. The wholesaler can degrade the quality of input it supplies to either of the retailers....

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Economics For Human Rights

    Human rights are assuredly one of the most influential and fruitful concepts of modern times in the human quest for dignity. Economics has developed a considerable amount of tools especially designed to overcome, or at least mitigate, scarcity, probably the most tormenting specter that haunts the deprived. Human rights and...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Why Are Tax Incentives Increasingly Used To Promote Private R&D?

    Although not new, tax incentives have known major changes over recent years and it is becoming an increasingly important instrument in the policy mix to stimulate private R&D in many countries around the world. The OECD reports three major trends: The implementation of R&D tax incentives schemes by a growing...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Political Leadership Change: A Theoretical Assessment Using A Human Capital "Learning By Doing" Model

    The authors present an economic growth model with human capital, based upon Arrow (1962), in which they assess the impact of political leadership change either in governments or political parties. The change of leadership might be seen as a change in embedded human capital, and thus they might evaluate the...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Is The Euro-Area Core Price Index Really More Persistent Than The Food And Energy Price Indexes?

    The purpose of this paper is to measure the degree of persistence of the overall, core, food and energy Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices for the European Monetary Zone (HICP-EAs) and to identify its implications for decision-making in the private sector and in public policy. Using a non-parametric approach, these...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Can Markets Secure Human Rights?

    In recent years, State inefficiency in delivering some public goods to everybody has been the main argument set forth by those who sustain that markets should play a more active role in providing those goods and services that are needed to secure human rights. In result, in many parts of...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Human Rights As A Tool For Sustainable Development

    In poor as much as in rich countries there is a fear that environmentally sustainable development might be contradictory to development in general and equitable development in particular. There could be indeed a contradiction between environmental and social sustainability, too much care for the environment eventually leading to forgetting about...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Growth And Profitability In Portuguese Companies: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach

    In this paper, using dynamic panel estimators, the authors test empirically the relationship between the growth of Portuguese companies and their profitability. The empirical evidence obtained indicates that growth in Portuguese companies means increased profitability. Growth in Portuguese companies is a catalyzing factor of profitability, with the motivational effect on...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // May 2009

    On The Relation Between the Endogenous Growth Rate Of The Economy And The Dynamics Of Renewable Resources

    In this paper the authors study a simple endogenous growth model in which the two engines of growth are the exogenous technical progress in dematerialization and the accumulation of a renewable natural resource. The model is also labeled as been "endogenous" as the rate of growth of natural capital is...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // May 2009

    FDI In The European Union And MENA Countries: Institutional And Economic Determinants

    FDI flows to the Middle East and North Africa countries (MENA) have been relatively low when compared to the neighboring European Union (EU) and to other developing and emerging countries. Furthermore, empirical research on FDI in these countries is relatively scarce. In this paper the authors use panel data regressions...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    In Search Of Excellence - Innovation Contests To Foster Innovation And Entrepreneurship In Portugal

    Numerous initiatives of different nature have taken place in Portugal over the recent years aiming at raising consciousness of the importance and advantages of innovation and entrepreneurship, persuading businesspeople to place innovation as strategic intent and encouraging would-be entrepreneurs to come forward with novel businesses ideas. Innovation contests are but...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Economic Freedom And Foreign Direct Investment: How Different Are The MENA Countries From The EU?

    The risk perceived by investors is crucial in the decision to invest, in particular when it concerns a foreign country. The investment risk associated is a multi-faceted element given that it reflects many aspects that are relevant to (foreign) investors, such as the level of transparency, corruption, rule of law,...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The Quadratic Relationship Between Intangible Assets And Growth In Portuguese SMEs

    This paper shows new empirical evidence concerning the growth determinants of SMEs. Specifically, the authors identify the existence of a quadratic relationship between the level of intangible assets of Portuguese SMEs and their growth. Based on the results obtained here, they conclude that intangible assets represent a catalyst for growth...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Can Vertical Separation Reduce Non-Price Discrimination And Increase Welfare?

    The authors investigate if vertical separation reduces non-price discrimination and increases welfare. Consider an industry consisting of a vertically integrated firm and an independent retailer, which requires access to the vertically integrated firm's wholesaler services. The wholesaler can degrade the quality of input it supplies to either of the retailers....

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Why Are Tax Incentives Increasingly Used To Promote Private R&D?

    Although not new, tax incentives have known major changes over recent years and it is becoming an increasingly important instrument in the policy mix to stimulate private R&D in many countries around the world. The OECD reports three major trends: The implementation of R&D tax incentives schemes by a growing...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Economics For Human Rights

    Human rights are assuredly one of the most influential and fruitful concepts of modern times in the human quest for dignity. Economics has developed a considerable amount of tools especially designed to overcome, or at least mitigate, scarcity, probably the most tormenting specter that haunts the deprived. Human rights and...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Can Markets Secure Human Rights?

    In recent years, State inefficiency in delivering some public goods to everybody has been the main argument set forth by those who sustain that markets should play a more active role in providing those goods and services that are needed to secure human rights. In result, in many parts of...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Human Rights As A Tool For Sustainable Development

    In poor as much as in rich countries there is a fear that environmentally sustainable development might be contradictory to development in general and equitable development in particular. There could be indeed a contradiction between environmental and social sustainability, too much care for the environment eventually leading to forgetting about...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // May 2009

    FDI In The European Union And MENA Countries: Institutional And Economic Determinants

    FDI flows to the Middle East and North Africa countries (MENA) have been relatively low when compared to the neighboring European Union (EU) and to other developing and emerging countries. Furthermore, empirical research on FDI in these countries is relatively scarce. In this paper the authors use panel data regressions...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    In Search Of Excellence - Innovation Contests To Foster Innovation And Entrepreneurship In Portugal

    Numerous initiatives of different nature have taken place in Portugal over the recent years aiming at raising consciousness of the importance and advantages of innovation and entrepreneurship, persuading businesspeople to place innovation as strategic intent and encouraging would-be entrepreneurs to come forward with novel businesses ideas. Innovation contests are but...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Political Leadership Change: A Theoretical Assessment Using A Human Capital "Learning By Doing" Model

    The authors present an economic growth model with human capital, based upon Arrow (1962), in which they assess the impact of political leadership change either in governments or political parties. The change of leadership might be seen as a change in embedded human capital, and thus they might evaluate the...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Is The Euro-Area Core Price Index Really More Persistent Than The Food And Energy Price Indexes?

    The purpose of this paper is to measure the degree of persistence of the overall, core, food and energy Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices for the European Monetary Zone (HICP-EAs) and to identify its implications for decision-making in the private sector and in public policy. Using a non-parametric approach, these...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // May 2009

    On The Relation Between the Endogenous Growth Rate Of The Economy And The Dynamics Of Renewable Resources

    In this paper the authors study a simple endogenous growth model in which the two engines of growth are the exogenous technical progress in dematerialization and the accumulation of a renewable natural resource. The model is also labeled as been "endogenous" as the rate of growth of natural capital is...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Economic Freedom And Foreign Direct Investment: How Different Are The MENA Countries From The EU?

    The risk perceived by investors is crucial in the decision to invest, in particular when it concerns a foreign country. The investment risk associated is a multi-faceted element given that it reflects many aspects that are relevant to (foreign) investors, such as the level of transparency, corruption, rule of law,...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The Quadratic Relationship Between Intangible Assets And Growth In Portuguese SMEs

    This paper shows new empirical evidence concerning the growth determinants of SMEs. Specifically, the authors identify the existence of a quadratic relationship between the level of intangible assets of Portuguese SMEs and their growth. Based on the results obtained here, they conclude that intangible assets represent a catalyst for growth...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Growth And Profitability In Portuguese Companies: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach

    In this paper, using dynamic panel estimators, the authors test empirically the relationship between the growth of Portuguese companies and their profitability. The empirical evidence obtained indicates that growth in Portuguese companies means increased profitability. Growth in Portuguese companies is a catalyzing factor of profitability, with the motivational effect on...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    A Parallel and Distributed Framework for Constraint Solving

    With the increased availability of affordable parallel and distributed hardware, programming models for these architectures has become the focus of significant attention. Constraint programming, which can be seen as the encoding of processes as a Constraint Satisfaction Problem, because of its data-driven and control-insensitive approach is a prime candidate to...

    Provided By Experimental Economics Center