Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

Displaying 1-40 of 69 results

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Exports From WAEMU Under Raw Materials Curse

    This analysis seeks to understand how far natural resources curse work in WAEMU's foreign trade. With an augmented gravity model, the author shows that reinforcing the control of corruption is in favor of expanding foreign trade both intra and total exports from WAEMU. But, improving public services effectiveness works against...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Success And Failure Of African Exporters

    Using a novel dataset with transaction-level level exports from Malawi, Mali, Senegal and Tanzania, the authors explore the determinants of the survival of firm-product-destination combinations past the first year after entry on export markets. They confirm earlier findings linking export survival to initial volumes. They also find that survival correlates...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Does Occupational Training By The Trade Adjustment Assistance Program Help Reemployment?: : Success Measured As Matching

    As international trade continues to expand, more workers lose their jobs to low wage workers in developing countries. The Trade Adjustment Assistance Program is a dislocated worker program established to help their reemployment by providing occupational skills training and reemployment services. This paper measures the success of training provision as...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Local Intermediate Inputs, Foreign Direct Investment And The Performance Of Domestic Firms: When Firms Share Common Local Input Suppliers

    This paper uses a unique, representative garment firm sample of Bangladesh to study how the increased presence of FDI firms causes domestic firms in the same industry to gain access to better quality and new varieties of local intermediate inputs, which enhance their product scope and productivity. Results from reduced...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Exchange Rate Movements And Firm Dynamics In Canadian Retail Industries

    This paper uses firm-level data to estimate the effects of real exchange rate movements on Canadian retail firms. As consumers living close to the Canada-US border are able to shop on either side of the border, fluctuations in the price of Canadian goods and services relative to U.S. goods, including...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Hightech-Flyers: Contract Type, Organizational Form, And The Timing To Offshore In The Global HDD Industry

    This paper studies firms' decision to start offshore production. The author constructs a comprehensive panel dataset of 178 firms producing Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) in the world between 1976 and 1998, which records contractual types, destination countries, and the timing of offshoring as well as firms' organizational forms. The author...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    FDI From The South, Institutional Distance And Natural Resources

    This paper explores location choices for foreign direct investment stemming from emerging economies (often referred to as the South), with a particular emphasis on institutions and natural resources. Relying on a novel dataset of bilateral FDI flows over the past decade, and working within gravity model framework, the authors demonstrate...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    International Competition And Industrial Evolution: Evidence From The Impact Of Chinese Competition On Mexican

    The authors analyze effects of South-South competition at the micro-level by employing a new plant-level panel data set that covers the universe of Mexican export assembly plants (maquiladoras) from 1990 to 2006. By focusing on the competition in the third, North, market and using the WTO accession of China as...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Comparative Advantage And Within-industry Firms Performance

    Guided by empirical evidence the authors consider firms heterogeneity in terms of factor intensity. They show that Heckscher-Ohlin comparative advantage and firm-level relative factor-intensity interact to jointly explain the observed differences in relative sales. Firms whose relative factor-intensity matches up with the comparative advantage of the country have lower relative...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Globaliztion And Imperfect Labor Market Sorting

    This paper focus on the ability of the labor market to correctly match heterogeneous workers to jobs within a given industry and the role that globalization plays in that process. Using matched worker-firm data from Sweden, the authors find strong evidence that openness improves the matching between workers and firms...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Business Environment And Moroccan Firm Productivity

    The paper focuses on the role of the business environment in understanding differences in the performance of Moroccan firms. The authors use both the Moroccan Annual Census (1997-2004) and detailed surveys conducted by the World Bank (FACS and ICA). The business environment is captured by measures which include the investment...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Non-market Interactions And Entry Into Export Markets

    Previous research suggests that firms that penetrate foreign markets reduce entry costs for other potential exporters, generating export spillovers. This paper continues this line of research by developing a general empirical framework to study whether export participation decisions at the firm level are influenced by the characteristics of firms that...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Dynamics Of Firms' Product Portfolio In Response To International Competition: An Empirical Assessment

    The authors use a new dataset containing detailed information about the production structure of a large and representative sample of French manufacturing firms to investigate whether aggregate reallocations of production are (at least partly) driven by within-firm product portfolio strategies. Using instrumental variable techniques, they obtain that firms experiencing a...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Backward Linkages And The Export Performance Of Business Services. Evidence From A Sample Of Italian Firms

    The authors provide evidence on backward linkages between downstream manufacturing sectors and the export performance of Italian business service firms. Combining input-output coefficients from the National Accounts with region-level information on the international involvement and market thickness of downstream manufacturing sectors, they build some measures of local spillovers and they...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation

    The paper examines the interplay between financial development and comparative advantage in shaping the survival of exporting firms on foreign markets. Exports suffering from comparative disadvantage (labor-intensive products from capital-abundant countries) survive shorter on the competitive US market. Crucially, the pattern is stronger if the exporting country has a well-developed...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Shipping The Good Horses Out

    This paper formalizes the Alchian-Allen (1964) theorem within a vertically differentiated goods general equilibrium model. In contrast to the existing literature, equilibrium prices depends on the transportation cost. It shows that the effect of a fixed transportation cost regardless of quality tilts the importing region's demand towards the consumption of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Are Liquidity Constraints Irrelevant After All?

    Firm level studies offer mixed results on the effect of ex-ante liquidity constraints on the firms' export status. This paper tries to answer the same question using a new methodology. Building on Chaney (2005), "Liquidity Constrained Exporters", the author makes testable predictions and test them using a panel data of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Measuring The Cost Of International Trade In Services

    The authors present a new dataset of international trade costs in services sectors. Using a theory-based methodology combined with data on domestic shipments and cross-border trade, they find that trade costs in services are much higher than in goods sectors: a multiple of two to three times in many cases....

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Reallocation Across Firms And Aggregate Quality Upgrading

    What is the impact of low-wage countries' competition on the quality of high-wage countries' exports? To answer this question, the authors use a new method that identifies changes in the quality of sectoral exports induced by a reallocation of market shares across different qualities of the same good. Using French...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Trade Agreements And Per Capita Income Convergence in WAEMU: A Difference In Differences Analysis

    Economic integration in WAEMU is manifested, among other policies, through tariff reductions in order to reinvigorate economic relationships and trade. This paper assesses the impact of the first trade agreement on reducing disparities within WAEMU. The difference in differences analysis shows that this agreement has contributed to the process of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Export Platform Foreign Direct Investment: Theory And evidence

    This paper proposes a model that accounts for "Export platform" FDI - a form of FDI that is common in the data but rarely discussed in the theoretical literature. Unlike the previous literature, this paper's theory nests all the typical modes of supply, including exports, horizontal and vertical FDI, horizontal...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Margins Of Multinational Production And The Role Of Intra-Firm Trade

    In this paper, the authors provide a quantitative analytical framework for analyzing trade and Multinational Production (MP), consistent with a set of stylized facts for trade and MP, among them that both exports and MP adhere to a gravity model. They propose a heterogeneous firm trade model where firms choose...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Impact Of North-South And South-South Trade Agreements On Bilateral Trade

    Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) lead to a rise in bilateral trade even if the signatories include developing countries. Furthermore, the percentage increase in bilateral trade is higher for South-South agreements than for North-South agreements. The results are robust across a number of gravity model specifications in which the authors control...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    The Role Of Multinational Enterprises In The Shutdown Of State-owned Enterprises: Evidence From Central And Eastern Europe

    This paper examines the role of Multi National Enterprises (MNEs) in the shutdown of former State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) in transitional economies of Central and Eastern Europe. An oligopoly model in an international setting predicts that MNEs can acquire SOEs and successfully operate in the local market. If productivity of SOEs...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Do Managers And Experts Agree? A Comparison Of Alternative Sources Of Trade Facilitation Data

    This paper constructs country-level aggregates of trade facilitation measures from firm-level responses in the Enterprise Surveys and compares them with the Doing Business indicators, the Logistics Performance Index and the Enabling Trade Index. Correlations between the data sources are low even for very specific and similar questions. The authors also...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Asymmetries In The Log-linear Gravity Model

    This paper draws attention on the importance of asymmetries in HMR-like log-linearized gravity models with homoskedastic errors. The authors propose a version of the HMR model in which the number of firms per country is finite. This adaptation makes the model consistent with the fact that the number of firms...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Impact Of Real Exchange Rate Volatility On South African Exports To The Unit

    This paper empirically examines the impact of real exchange rate volatility on trade in the context of South Africa's exports to the U.S. for the South Africa's floating period January 1995-February 2007. In measuring real exchange rate volatility, this paper utilised GARCH. After establishing the existence of co-integration among the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Trade Crisis? What Trade Crisis?

    The authors provide an analysis of the 2008-2009 trade collapse using microdata from a small open economy, Belgium. First, They find that changes in firm-country-product exports and imports occurred mostly at the intensive margin: the number of firms, the average number of destination and origin markets per firm, and the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Are Exporters Mother Nature's Best Friends

    This paper documents a relationship between international trade and environmental performance at the establishment level. Using a panel of establishment-level data over the years 1990-2006, the author estimates the relationship between export orientation, import competition and plant level characteristics. The author finds a robust relationship between international trade and plant...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Impact Of Trade Promotion Services And Canadian Exporter Performance

    The authors evaluate the impact of the programs delivered by the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (TCS) on export performance by Canadian firms. The authors draw on a unique set of microdata created by linking three separate firm-level databases: Statistics Canada's Exporter Register and its Business Register, which provide information on...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Race-to-the-bottom Unilateralism

    This paper provides an empirical assessment of race-to-the-bottom unilateralism. It suggests that decades of unilateral tariff cutting in Asia's emerging economies have been driven by a competition to attract FDI from Japan. Using spatial econometrics, the author shows that tariffs on parts and components, a crucial locational determinant for Japanese...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Low-wage Countries Competition And The Quality Of French Exports

    The authors show that, over the 1995-2005 period, the mean quality of French manufacturing exports has increased by more than 10%. The quality up-grading explains by a reallocation of demand in favor of higher quality producers, at the intensive and the extensive margins. Quality growth is affected by changes in...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    How Costly Was Canadian Protectionism: 1875-1910?

    A common view among Canadian economic historians is that at the end of the 19th century, Canada's trade policy was protectionist and extremely costly. The empirical work supporting this view is predominantly based on average tariff measures, and as a result, may not be capturing the true levels of protection...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Contracting Institutions And Product Quality

    For many goods, quality improvements involve the use of more sophisticated, higher quality inputs. The production of these sophisticated inputs requires greater collaboration between suppliers and final good producers, with suppliers developing relationship-specific inputs, and final good producers customizing their production processes to incorporate them. In countries with poor legal...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // May 2010

    The Tip Of The Iceberg: Modeling Trade Costs And Implications For Intra-Industry Reallocation

    International economics has overwhelmingly relied on Samuelson's (1954) assumption that trade costs are proportional to value. The authors build a general equilibrium heterogeneous firms model of trade that allows for both ad valorem and per-unit costs. Using a novel minimum distance estimator they are able to identify per unit trade...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Is Protectionism On The Rise? Assessing National Trade Policies During The Crises

    To understand the role of trade policies in the crisis of 2008, this paper constructs the overall trade restrictiveness indices for a wide range of countries using their tariff schedules in 2008 and 2009. The index summarizes the trade policy stance of a country, taking into account the share of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Trade, Foreign Inputs And RMS' Decisions: Theory And Evidence

    The authors investigate the effect of different channels through which input trade liberalization affects firms' export decisions. The authors develop a trade model with heterogeneous firms and sectors of varying imported input intensity that reproduces different mechanisms through which the access to foreign inputs affects the performance of domestic firms....

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Exporters In Services: New Evidence From Italian Firms

    This paper provides new evidence on the determinants of the export performance of firms in services based on a cross-section of Italian firms in the NACE Sections G, I and K for the year 2003. The empirical analysis of the determinants of the export status and intensity shows that the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    How Many Illegal Mexican Immigrants Enter The United States, Where, And Why?

    The authors model illegal immigration across the U.S.-Mexico border into Arizona, California, and Texas as an unobservable variable applying a MIMIC model. Using state-level data from 1985 to 2004, they test the incentives and deterrents influencing illegal immigration. Better labor market conditions in a U.S. state and worse in Mexico...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Speed Money: Time Corruption And Trade

    This paper shows that longer trade times are associated with higher levels of trade-related corruption, consistent with a theoretical framework in which "Fast" producers earn higher profits than "Slow" ones, but may have to pay "Speed money" to possibly corrupt customs officials. This finding is robust to the use of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    International Competition And Industrial Evolution: Evidence From The Impact Of Chinese Competition On Mexican

    The authors analyze effects of South-South competition at the micro-level by employing a new plant-level panel data set that covers the universe of Mexican export assembly plants (maquiladoras) from 1990 to 2006. By focusing on the competition in the third, North, market and using the WTO accession of China as...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Export Platform Foreign Direct Investment: Theory And evidence

    This paper proposes a model that accounts for "Export platform" FDI - a form of FDI that is common in the data but rarely discussed in the theoretical literature. Unlike the previous literature, this paper's theory nests all the typical modes of supply, including exports, horizontal and vertical FDI, horizontal...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Margins Of Multinational Production And The Role Of Intra-Firm Trade

    In this paper, the authors provide a quantitative analytical framework for analyzing trade and Multinational Production (MP), consistent with a set of stylized facts for trade and MP, among them that both exports and MP adhere to a gravity model. They propose a heterogeneous firm trade model where firms choose...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Impact Of North-South And South-South Trade Agreements On Bilateral Trade

    Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) lead to a rise in bilateral trade even if the signatories include developing countries. Furthermore, the percentage increase in bilateral trade is higher for South-South agreements than for North-South agreements. The results are robust across a number of gravity model specifications in which the authors control...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Race-to-the-bottom Unilateralism

    This paper provides an empirical assessment of race-to-the-bottom unilateralism. It suggests that decades of unilateral tariff cutting in Asia's emerging economies have been driven by a competition to attract FDI from Japan. Using spatial econometrics, the author shows that tariffs on parts and components, a crucial locational determinant for Japanese...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Low-wage Countries Competition And The Quality Of French Exports

    The authors show that, over the 1995-2005 period, the mean quality of French manufacturing exports has increased by more than 10%. The quality up-grading explains by a reallocation of demand in favor of higher quality producers, at the intensive and the extensive margins. Quality growth is affected by changes in...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Impact Of Real Exchange Rate Volatility On South African Exports To The Unit

    This paper empirically examines the impact of real exchange rate volatility on trade in the context of South Africa's exports to the U.S. for the South Africa's floating period January 1995-February 2007. In measuring real exchange rate volatility, this paper utilised GARCH. After establishing the existence of co-integration among the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // May 2010

    The Tip Of The Iceberg: Modeling Trade Costs And Implications For Intra-Industry Reallocation

    International economics has overwhelmingly relied on Samuelson's (1954) assumption that trade costs are proportional to value. The authors build a general equilibrium heterogeneous firms model of trade that allows for both ad valorem and per-unit costs. Using a novel minimum distance estimator they are able to identify per unit trade...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Trade Crisis? What Trade Crisis?

    The authors provide an analysis of the 2008-2009 trade collapse using microdata from a small open economy, Belgium. First, They find that changes in firm-country-product exports and imports occurred mostly at the intensive margin: the number of firms, the average number of destination and origin markets per firm, and the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Are Exporters Mother Nature's Best Friends

    This paper documents a relationship between international trade and environmental performance at the establishment level. Using a panel of establishment-level data over the years 1990-2006, the author estimates the relationship between export orientation, import competition and plant level characteristics. The author finds a robust relationship between international trade and plant...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Impact Of Trade Promotion Services And Canadian Exporter Performance

    The authors evaluate the impact of the programs delivered by the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (TCS) on export performance by Canadian firms. The authors draw on a unique set of microdata created by linking three separate firm-level databases: Statistics Canada's Exporter Register and its Business Register, which provide information on...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Is Protectionism On The Rise? Assessing National Trade Policies During The Crises

    To understand the role of trade policies in the crisis of 2008, this paper constructs the overall trade restrictiveness indices for a wide range of countries using their tariff schedules in 2008 and 2009. The index summarizes the trade policy stance of a country, taking into account the share of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    How Many Illegal Mexican Immigrants Enter The United States, Where, And Why?

    The authors model illegal immigration across the U.S.-Mexico border into Arizona, California, and Texas as an unobservable variable applying a MIMIC model. Using state-level data from 1985 to 2004, they test the incentives and deterrents influencing illegal immigration. Better labor market conditions in a U.S. state and worse in Mexico...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Uncovering Smuggling: Worldwide Evidence For Four Types Of Trade Misinvoicing

    The authors analyze the determinants of trade misinvoicing using data on 86 countries from 1980 to 2005. In a simple microeconomic framework they derive the determinants of four different types of trade misinvoicing taking into account that only the financial incentives determine whether and how much exports/imports to under-invoice or...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Asymmetric Effects Of Trade Costs On Entry Modes: Firm Level Evidence

    Standard foreign direct investment (FDI) theory suggests that falling trade costs should discourage horizontal FDI. Most FDI is horizontal. Yet, the world witnessed an FDI boom in 1990s, a period of striking falls in trade barriers. This paper carries out an empirical analysis with rich, firm-level data on the activities...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    North American Integration And Canadian Foreign Direct Investment

    The authors investigate how economic integration in North America has altered the pattern of foreign direct investment (FDI) to and from Canada. The theoretical analysis suggests that while the Canadian-U.S. free trade agreement should generate less FDI, the addition of Mexico in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) produces...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Trade, Foreign Inputs And RMS' Decisions: Theory And Evidence

    The authors investigate the effect of different channels through which input trade liberalization affects firms' export decisions. The authors develop a trade model with heterogeneous firms and sectors of varying imported input intensity that reproduces different mechanisms through which the access to foreign inputs affects the performance of domestic firms....

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Exporters In Services: New Evidence From Italian Firms

    This paper provides new evidence on the determinants of the export performance of firms in services based on a cross-section of Italian firms in the NACE Sections G, I and K for the year 2003. The empirical analysis of the determinants of the export status and intensity shows that the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Speed Money: Time Corruption And Trade

    This paper shows that longer trade times are associated with higher levels of trade-related corruption, consistent with a theoretical framework in which "Fast" producers earn higher profits than "Slow" ones, but may have to pay "Speed money" to possibly corrupt customs officials. This finding is robust to the use of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Trading Away Wide Brands For Cheap Brands

    New findings from plant-level surveys show trade liberalization has opposite effects on product variety and cost reduction within firms. The author explains the tradeoff between firm investments in product variety and cost reduction with a monopolistic competition model of brand differentiation. Firms can make many different products within a brand....

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    The Age Of The Dragon: Chinese Competition And The Pricing Behavior Of Italian Firms

    In this paper the authors use a unique dataset of Italian manufacturing firms that includes firm-level price data to investigate whether increased penetration of Chinese products affects the competitive environment in an advanced country. Instrumenting China's share over world exports to Italy with China's total world export market share, the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Are Liquidity Constraints Irrelevant After All?

    Firm level studies offer mixed results on the effect of ex-ante liquidity constraints on the firms' export status. This paper tries to answer the same question using a new methodology. Building on Chaney (2005), "Liquidity Constrained Exporters", the author makes testable predictions and test them using a panel data of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Firm Size, Financial Constraints And Intensive Export Margin

    The paper studies the causal relationship between the extent of external debt financing and the intensive margin of exports for firms of different size. The authors use detailed balance sheet data with information on sources of financing for a set of Slovenian firms for the period 2001-2008. The authors apply...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Do The Biggest Aisles Serve A Brighter Future? Global Retail Chains And Their Implications For Romania

    During the past two decades many countries have opened their retail sector to foreign direct investment, yet little is known about implications of such liberalization for the economies of host countries. Using firm-level data from Romania, this study examines how the presence of global retail chains affects firms in the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    The Dynamics And Differentiation Of Latin American Metal Exports

    This paper investigates the propensity of exporters in certain primary commodity sectors to innovate, and attempts to measure the associated gains. The high degree of differentiation in metal products is documented, which gives rise to the potential for vertical upgrading for a substantial portion of Latin American export sales. Estimation...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Tariff Evasion Under Free Trade Agreement: Empirical Evidence From NAFTA

    This paper investigates the nature of tariff evasion occurring under free trade agreements by examining product level trade data between Canada and the U.S. under the successive trade agreements since 1989. The author first shows that in industries with high import tariffs there are more recorded exports at the source...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Wage Bargaining And The Boundaries Of The Multinational Firm

    Do variations in labor market institutions across countries affect the cross-border organization of the firm? Using firm-level data on multinationals located in France, the authors show that firms are more likely to outsource the production of intermediate inputs to external suppliers when importing from countries with empowered unions. Moreover, this...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Does Exporting Promote New Product Introduction?: An Empirical Analysis Of Plant

    Utilizing previously unexplored plant-product data on Korean manufacturing sector, this paper examines whether and to what extent exporting promotes the introduction of new products. Firstly, to set the stage, this paper shows that new product introduction has played a large role in the growth of Korean manufacturing sector based on...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Is Skill Dispersion A Source Of Productivity And Exports In Developing Countries

    Recent literature claims that skill mix within firms, in contrast to average human capital, influences the entire economy. This paper provides theoretical and empirical evidence of the linkage from skill mix to output, inequality, productivity and exports. The author develops a multi sector model of firms who employ teams of...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    An Analysis On The Determinants Of Indian Machine Tool Exports

    This paper analyses the determinants of India's machine tool exports during 1980-2005. The study used a simultaneous equation framework where three-stage least square (3SLS) estimation technique is employed to accommodate two-way relationship between export price and quantity. The result showed that Indian machine tool exports are largely determined by demand...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Antidumping Protection Hurts Exporters

    This paper empirically evaluates the effects of antidumping measures on the exports of protected firms. While antidumping protection raises the domestic sales of the more "Traditional" non-exporting firms on the protected market with about 5%, it negatively affects the firm-level exports of similar products as the protected ones. Export sales...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Irish Firms' Productivity And Input's Origin

    In this paper the author analyzes empirically the pattern of Irish firms' productivity and how their efficiency changes with variations in the input composition. Amiti and Koning (2008) showed when imports of intermediate inputs raise also firm's productivity grows. In this paper, using firm level information on imported inputs, the...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Oligopoly In International Commodity Markets: The Case Of Coffee Beans

    This research aims to: quantify how much market power was exercised by an international cartel with export quota arrangement, and separately identify the extent to which its breakdown and the emergence of an outside producer caused declines in the price. The author analyzes the market of coffee beans because it...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Organizational Forms Of Importing Firms In U.S. Manufacturing

    Importing firms in U.S. manufacturing choose different organizational forms. This paper uses a unique firm-country dataset to examine how an importer's choice between outsourcing and vertical integration is related to three factors: share of inputs provided by the headquarters firm, the firm's productivity, and trade costs. Higher headquarters input share,...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Foreign Presence And Export Response: Evidence From The Indonesian Manufacturing

    This paper examines the existence of spillovers associated with the presence of multinational enterprises (MNEs) on a firm's decision to export, and on export intensity. It utilizes data from Indonesian manufacturing for the census years 1996 and 2006. Channels through which MNEs can affect other firms' export behavior are considered...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Spatial Effects Of Foreign Direct Investment In Us States

    This paper estimates the aggregate productivity effects of Marshallian externalities generated by foreign direct investments (FDI) in the US. In contrast to earlier work, this paper puts special emphasis on controlling for Marshallian externalities and other intra- and inter-regional spillovers generated by domestic firms. The productivity effects of these externalities...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance, And Firm Heterogeneity

    The authors present a gravity model that accounts for multilateral resistance, firm heterogeneity and country-selection into trade, while accommodating asymmetries in trade flows. A new equation for the proportion of exporting firms takes a gravity form: the extensive margin is also affected by multilateral resistance. If all countries reduce their...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Trade As Engine Of Creative Destruction

    This paper exploits the surge in Chinese exports from 1994 to 2004 as a natural experiment to evaluate the effects of an exogenous shock from competition on Mexican producers. The effect of this competition operates a selection at both firm and product-level as its effects are highly heterogeneous both on...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Skill Dispersion And Trade Flows

    Is skill dispersion a source of comparative advantage? While it is established that a country's aggregate endowment of human capital is an important determinant of comparative advantage, this paper investigates whether the distribution of skills in the labor force can play a role in the determination of trade flows. The...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Learning From Trade Through Innovation: Causal Link Between Imports, Exports And Innovation In Spanish And Slovenian Microdata

    The paper explores the learning from trade hypothesis. The authors argue that the existing literature may have failed to find significant learning effects from trade as it concentrated solely on exports as a source of firm potential learning from foreign markets. Another drawback seems to lie in the fact that...

    Provided By Forum for Research in Emprical International Trade