Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

Displaying 1-32 of 32 results

  • White Papers // Jan 2015

    SQL/MM Spatial: The Standard to Manage Spatial Data in Relational Database Systems

    Several major database systems provide extensions to support the management and analysis of spatial data in a relational database system (IBM02, Ora01 and IBM01). The functionality is also standardized in ISO/IEC 13249 SQL/MM. This paper presents part 3 of the standard and discusses it critically. The spatial data types and...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Credit Reporting, Access To Finance And Identification Systems: International Evidence

    Credit reporting systems are an important ingredient for financial markets. These systems are based upon the unique identification of borrowers, which is enabled if a compulsory identification system exists in a country. The authors present evidence derived from difference-in-difference analyses on the impact of the interplay of credit reporting and...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Geolocated Communication Support in Rescue Management

    Efficient communication on base of consistent and up to date information is the key factor to cope with hard rescue missions. With the new generation of mobile devices local peer-to-peer communication in conjunction with geolocated information is promising to improve information's quality. Thereby, the routing of information in ad-hoc networks...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    The Role Of Preferences In Disagreements Over Scientific Hypothesis: An Empirical Inquiry Into Environmental And Economic Decision Making

    The Porter hypothesis suggests that environmental regulations, such as restricting firms to reduce pollution, stimulates innovations and create a win-win situation for the environment and for firms. It has received a great deal of attention from academics as well as bureaucrats who disagree about the applicability of the Porter hypothesis....

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Bargaining And Negotiations What Should Experimentalists Explore More Thoroughly?

    A long time ago most economists would have limited themselves to stating that agreements should be individually rational and efficient and that selecting a specific agreement from that set depends on bargaining and negotiation power whatever that may be. Nowadays hardly any economist will argue that way. The change has...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Gambling For The Upper Hand - Settlement Negotiations In The Lab

    The authors exploit a controlled frameless laboratory experiment to study settlement negotiations and the plaintiff's decision to raise a lawsuit in case of an impasse. They find that greater variance in court outcomes increase the litigation rate and lower the settlement rate. This latter finding goes against the received wisdom...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Trust, Confidence And Economic Growth An Evaluation Of The Beugelsdijk Hypothesis

    This paper analyses the hypothesis that the robust relationship between trust - as measured by the World Values Survey's question "In general, do you think that most people can be trusted, or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people?" - and economic growth, established by empirical macroeconomic...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Occupations At Risk: The Task Content And Job Security

    The authors study the occupational dynamics in the Western part of Germany over the last three decades and confirm that occupations characterized by high intensity of interactive and problem-solving tasks increased their employment share at the expense of occupations with a high level of codifiable tasks (tasks that can be...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Regional Supply Of Venture Capital - Can Syndication Overcome Bottlenecks?

    The authors investigate whether the supply of Venture Capital (VC) is driven by spatial proximity between a VC company and the portfolio firm. The analysis is based on information about VC investments in Germany between 2004 and 2009. They find that possible problems caused by the geographic distance to a...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Bail-Out! Positive Political Economics Of Greek-Type Crises In The EMU

    With the outbreak of the Greek sovereign crisis in early 2010, the EMU confronted the biggest challenge in its decade-long history. After months of political haggling, the euro area came up with an unprecedented bail-out for Greece worth EUR 110 billion. The support package has proved highly controversial among economists...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Spinoffs And Entrepreneurial Talent

    Spinoffs firms are an important source of industry dynamics and innovation. While an emerging body of literature identifies strategic disagreements and ideas as determinants of spinoffs, neither of them can completely explain the spinoff process. Mere disagreements or brilliant flashes of ideas do not always lead to spinoffs. This paper...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    How General Conditions Affect Regional Innovation Systems - The Case Of The Two Germanys

    The authors compare two leading Regional Innovation Systems (RIS) in East Germany with two RIS in West Germany of about the same size and internal settlement structure. These analyses show that differences in the performance between the regions cannot easily be related to the structural properties of the respective innovation...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Human Capital Mismatches Along The Career Path

    Human capital is transferable across occupations, but only to a limited extent because of differences in occupational skill-profiles. Higher skill overlap between occupations renders less of individuals' human capital useless in occupational switches. Current occupational distance measures neglect those differences in skill complexities between occupations yield skill mismatch asymmetric in...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Preference Towards Control In Risk Taking: Control, No Control, Or Randomize?

    This paper experimentally investigates preference towards different methods of control in risk taking. Participants are asked to choose between different ways for choosing which numbers to bet on for a gamble. They can choose the numbers themselves (control), let the experimenter choose (no control), or randomize. It is found that...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Productivity In Contests: Organizational Culture And Personality Effects

    The authors study the interaction of organizational culture and personal prosocial orientation in team work where teams compete against each other. In a computerized lab experiment with minimal group design, they prime subjects to two alternative organizational cultures emphasizing either self-enhancement or self-transcendence. They find that effort is highest in...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    What Renders Financial Advisors Less Treacherous? - On Commissions And Reciprocity

    An advisor is supposed to recommend a financial product in the best interest of her client. However, the best product for the client may not always be the product yielding the highest commission (paid by product providers) to the advisor. Do advisors nevertheless provide truthful advice? If not, will a...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Purely Procedural Preferences? Beyond Procedural Equity And Reciprocity?

    Most research in economics studies agents somehow motivated by out-comes. Here, the authors study agents motivated by procedures instead, where procedures are defined independently of an outcome. To that end, the authors design procedures which yield the same expected outcomes or carry the same information on others' intentions while they...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Systemic Risk In A Network Model Of Interbank Markets With Central Bank Activity

    The breakdown of the interbank money markets in the face of the recent financial crisis has forced central banks and governments to take extraordinary measures to sustain financial stability. In this paper the authors investigate which influence central bank activity has on interbank markets? In the model, banks optimize a...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Adjustment Cost-Driven Inflation Inertia

    This paper shows how endogenous inflation inertia is generated by a simple modification of the quadratic adjustment cost structure faced by economic agents. The authors derive the pertinent inflation relationships based on purely nominal rigidities and show that they always involve additional expectation terms which are absent in a Calvo-type...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // May 2010

    The Regional Dimension Of Sectoral Innovativeness An Empirical Investigation Of Two Specialised Supplier And Two Science-Based Industries

    The aim of this paper is to test how geographical and technological proximity relate to a particular industry's innovative output. Two mechanisms are therefore tested, i.e. agglomeration economies and the regional exploitation of technological proximity. A new dataset is applied, which includes German patent applications from within the period 1995...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Human Capital Diversity And Product Innovation: A Micro-Level Analysis

    The paper investigates the relationship between human capital diversity measured in terms of occupational diversity and a firm's likelihood to innovate. The empirical analysis is based on a linked employer-employee panel dataset of German firms over the period 1998 to 2007. Despite notable differences between service and manufacturing firms, the...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Product Diversification And Labor Productivity Dispersion In German Manufacturing Industries

    Empirical research has shown tremendous productivity differences, even within narrowly defined industries. A great host of studies is explaining this productivity disparity by factors such as idiosyncratic technology shocks, input price differences, management skills, or international trade. Although these explanations are undoubtedly important, the current paper suggests that product diversification...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Equity Versus Efficiency? - Evidence From Three-Person Generosity Experiments -

    In two-person generosity games the proposer's agreement payoff is exogenously given whereas that of the responder is endogenously determined by the proposer's choice of the pie size. Earlier results for two-person generosity games show that participants seem to care more for efficiency than for equity. In three-person generosity games equal...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    The Use And Effect Of Social Capital In New Venture Creation - Solo Entrepreneurs Vs. New Venture Teams

    This paper examines the use of social capital in the venture creation process. The authors compare solo entrepreneurs (n=182) and new venture teams (n=274) from a random sample of start-ups in innovative industries and test social capital use and its effects on firm performance. The results reveal that solo entrepreneurs...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Institutions, Culture, And Open Source

    The paper analyzes the impact of institutional and cultural factors on a remarkable economic activity: the production of so-called Open Source Software (OSS). OSS is marked by free access to the software and its source code. Copyright-based OSS licenses permit users to use, change, improve and redistribute the software, which...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Renewables And Innovation Empirical Assessment And Theoretical Considerations

    This paper is about structural change in the energy system. In a first step an econometric model is presented and in a second step diffusion of GTs is embedded theoretically. By focusing on different Green Technology industries (GT sector) in Germany, the authors analyze how policy induced demand stimulates innovation....

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Entrepreneurship And Cultural Creativity

    The authors investigate the relationship between cultural creativity and entrepreneurship in two respects: first, cultural and personal creativity as a characteristic of self-employed individuals; second, self-employment in professions that can be classified as belonging to the 'Creative Class' as compared to the non-creative class. The analysis is based on micro-data...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Multidimensional Performance Management

    In order to maximize efficiency of an information management platform and to assist in decision making, the collection, storage and analysis of performance-relevant data has become of fundamental importance. This paper addresses the merits and drawbacks provided by the OLAP paradigm for efficiently navigating large volumes of performance measurement data...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Socioeconomic Heritage And Rapid Firm Growth

    The present paper sheds light on how growth of young firms is affected by expansive strategies and the socioeconomic heritage of their main actors. "Socioeconomic heritage" has to do with socialization, prior socioeconomic circumstances, and regional growth conditions; the term is elaborated upon and further defined in this study. The...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Government Spending Composition In A Simple Model Of Schumpeterian Growth

    This paper investigates the relevance of government purchasing behavior for innovation based economic growth. The authors construct a parsimonious Schumpeterian growth model in which demand from the public sphere can effectively alter the economy's rate of technological change. They incorporate results of various empirical studies arguing that public sector demand...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Start-Ups, Long- And Short-Term Survivors And Their Effect On Regional Employment Growth

    The authors investigate the effects that regional start-up activity has on employment in new and in incumbent businesses. The analysis is performed for West German regions over the 1987-2002 periods. It shows that the effects of new businesses on employment in the incumbents are significantly positive and that this indirect...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Going On The Long Race? - Employment Duration And (De)Regulation Of Experimental Stochastic Labor Markets -

    If the future market wage is uncertain, engaging in long-term employment is risky, with the risk depending on how regulated the labor market is. In the experiment long-term employment can result either from offering long-term contracts or from repeatedly and mutually opting for rematching. Treatments differ in how regulations restrict...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Multidimensional Performance Management

    In order to maximize efficiency of an information management platform and to assist in decision making, the collection, storage and analysis of performance-relevant data has become of fundamental importance. This paper addresses the merits and drawbacks provided by the OLAP paradigm for efficiently navigating large volumes of performance measurement data...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Credit Reporting, Access To Finance And Identification Systems: International Evidence

    Credit reporting systems are an important ingredient for financial markets. These systems are based upon the unique identification of borrowers, which is enabled if a compulsory identification system exists in a country. The authors present evidence derived from difference-in-difference analyses on the impact of the interplay of credit reporting and...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    What Renders Financial Advisors Less Treacherous? - On Commissions And Reciprocity

    An advisor is supposed to recommend a financial product in the best interest of her client. However, the best product for the client may not always be the product yielding the highest commission (paid by product providers) to the advisor. Do advisors nevertheless provide truthful advice? If not, will a...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Regional Supply Of Venture Capital - Can Syndication Overcome Bottlenecks?

    The authors investigate whether the supply of Venture Capital (VC) is driven by spatial proximity between a VC company and the portfolio firm. The analysis is based on information about VC investments in Germany between 2004 and 2009. They find that possible problems caused by the geographic distance to a...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Spinoffs And Entrepreneurial Talent

    Spinoffs firms are an important source of industry dynamics and innovation. While an emerging body of literature identifies strategic disagreements and ideas as determinants of spinoffs, neither of them can completely explain the spinoff process. Mere disagreements or brilliant flashes of ideas do not always lead to spinoffs. This paper...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    How General Conditions Affect Regional Innovation Systems - The Case Of The Two Germanys

    The authors compare two leading Regional Innovation Systems (RIS) in East Germany with two RIS in West Germany of about the same size and internal settlement structure. These analyses show that differences in the performance between the regions cannot easily be related to the structural properties of the respective innovation...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Human Capital Mismatches Along The Career Path

    Human capital is transferable across occupations, but only to a limited extent because of differences in occupational skill-profiles. Higher skill overlap between occupations renders less of individuals' human capital useless in occupational switches. Current occupational distance measures neglect those differences in skill complexities between occupations yield skill mismatch asymmetric in...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Occupations At Risk: The Task Content And Job Security

    The authors study the occupational dynamics in the Western part of Germany over the last three decades and confirm that occupations characterized by high intensity of interactive and problem-solving tasks increased their employment share at the expense of occupations with a high level of codifiable tasks (tasks that can be...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Human Capital Diversity And Product Innovation: A Micro-Level Analysis

    The paper investigates the relationship between human capital diversity measured in terms of occupational diversity and a firm's likelihood to innovate. The empirical analysis is based on a linked employer-employee panel dataset of German firms over the period 1998 to 2007. Despite notable differences between service and manufacturing firms, the...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Adjustment Cost-Driven Inflation Inertia

    This paper shows how endogenous inflation inertia is generated by a simple modification of the quadratic adjustment cost structure faced by economic agents. The authors derive the pertinent inflation relationships based on purely nominal rigidities and show that they always involve additional expectation terms which are absent in a Calvo-type...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Equity Versus Efficiency? - Evidence From Three-Person Generosity Experiments -

    In two-person generosity games the proposer's agreement payoff is exogenously given whereas that of the responder is endogenously determined by the proposer's choice of the pie size. Earlier results for two-person generosity games show that participants seem to care more for efficiency than for equity. In three-person generosity games equal...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    The Use And Effect Of Social Capital In New Venture Creation - Solo Entrepreneurs Vs. New Venture Teams

    This paper examines the use of social capital in the venture creation process. The authors compare solo entrepreneurs (n=182) and new venture teams (n=274) from a random sample of start-ups in innovative industries and test social capital use and its effects on firm performance. The results reveal that solo entrepreneurs...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Preference Towards Control In Risk Taking: Control, No Control, Or Randomize?

    This paper experimentally investigates preference towards different methods of control in risk taking. Participants are asked to choose between different ways for choosing which numbers to bet on for a gamble. They can choose the numbers themselves (control), let the experimenter choose (no control), or randomize. It is found that...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Renewables And Innovation Empirical Assessment And Theoretical Considerations

    This paper is about structural change in the energy system. In a first step an econometric model is presented and in a second step diffusion of GTs is embedded theoretically. By focusing on different Green Technology industries (GT sector) in Germany, the authors analyze how policy induced demand stimulates innovation....

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Entrepreneurship And Cultural Creativity

    The authors investigate the relationship between cultural creativity and entrepreneurship in two respects: first, cultural and personal creativity as a characteristic of self-employed individuals; second, self-employment in professions that can be classified as belonging to the 'Creative Class' as compared to the non-creative class. The analysis is based on micro-data...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Going On The Long Race? - Employment Duration And (De)Regulation Of Experimental Stochastic Labor Markets -

    If the future market wage is uncertain, engaging in long-term employment is risky, with the risk depending on how regulated the labor market is. In the experiment long-term employment can result either from offering long-term contracts or from repeatedly and mutually opting for rematching. Treatments differ in how regulations restrict...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Gambling For The Upper Hand - Settlement Negotiations In The Lab

    The authors exploit a controlled frameless laboratory experiment to study settlement negotiations and the plaintiff's decision to raise a lawsuit in case of an impasse. They find that greater variance in court outcomes increase the litigation rate and lower the settlement rate. This latter finding goes against the received wisdom...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Product Diversification And Labor Productivity Dispersion In German Manufacturing Industries

    Empirical research has shown tremendous productivity differences, even within narrowly defined industries. A great host of studies is explaining this productivity disparity by factors such as idiosyncratic technology shocks, input price differences, management skills, or international trade. Although these explanations are undoubtedly important, the current paper suggests that product diversification...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // May 2010

    The Regional Dimension Of Sectoral Innovativeness An Empirical Investigation Of Two Specialised Supplier And Two Science-Based Industries

    The aim of this paper is to test how geographical and technological proximity relate to a particular industry's innovative output. Two mechanisms are therefore tested, i.e. agglomeration economies and the regional exploitation of technological proximity. A new dataset is applied, which includes German patent applications from within the period 1995...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Systemic Risk In A Network Model Of Interbank Markets With Central Bank Activity

    The breakdown of the interbank money markets in the face of the recent financial crisis has forced central banks and governments to take extraordinary measures to sustain financial stability. In this paper the authors investigate which influence central bank activity has on interbank markets? In the model, banks optimize a...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Productivity In Contests: Organizational Culture And Personality Effects

    The authors study the interaction of organizational culture and personal prosocial orientation in team work where teams compete against each other. In a computerized lab experiment with minimal group design, they prime subjects to two alternative organizational cultures emphasizing either self-enhancement or self-transcendence. They find that effort is highest in...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    The Role Of Preferences In Disagreements Over Scientific Hypothesis: An Empirical Inquiry Into Environmental And Economic Decision Making

    The Porter hypothesis suggests that environmental regulations, such as restricting firms to reduce pollution, stimulates innovations and create a win-win situation for the environment and for firms. It has received a great deal of attention from academics as well as bureaucrats who disagree about the applicability of the Porter hypothesis....

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Trust, Confidence And Economic Growth An Evaluation Of The Beugelsdijk Hypothesis

    This paper analyses the hypothesis that the robust relationship between trust - as measured by the World Values Survey's question "In general, do you think that most people can be trusted, or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people?" - and economic growth, established by empirical macroeconomic...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Start-Ups, Long- And Short-Term Survivors And Their Effect On Regional Employment Growth

    The authors investigate the effects that regional start-up activity has on employment in new and in incumbent businesses. The analysis is performed for West German regions over the 1987-2002 periods. It shows that the effects of new businesses on employment in the incumbents are significantly positive and that this indirect...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Socioeconomic Heritage And Rapid Firm Growth

    The present paper sheds light on how growth of young firms is affected by expansive strategies and the socioeconomic heritage of their main actors. "Socioeconomic heritage" has to do with socialization, prior socioeconomic circumstances, and regional growth conditions; the term is elaborated upon and further defined in this study. The...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Government Spending Composition In A Simple Model Of Schumpeterian Growth

    This paper investigates the relevance of government purchasing behavior for innovation based economic growth. The authors construct a parsimonious Schumpeterian growth model in which demand from the public sphere can effectively alter the economy's rate of technological change. They incorporate results of various empirical studies arguing that public sector demand...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Bail-Out! Positive Political Economics Of Greek-Type Crises In The EMU

    With the outbreak of the Greek sovereign crisis in early 2010, the EMU confronted the biggest challenge in its decade-long history. After months of political haggling, the euro area came up with an unprecedented bail-out for Greece worth EUR 110 billion. The support package has proved highly controversial among economists...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Geolocated Communication Support in Rescue Management

    Efficient communication on base of consistent and up to date information is the key factor to cope with hard rescue missions. With the new generation of mobile devices local peer-to-peer communication in conjunction with geolocated information is promising to improve information's quality. Thereby, the routing of information in ad-hoc networks...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Bargaining And Negotiations What Should Experimentalists Explore More Thoroughly?

    A long time ago most economists would have limited themselves to stating that agreements should be individually rational and efficient and that selecting a specific agreement from that set depends on bargaining and negotiation power whatever that may be. Nowadays hardly any economist will argue that way. The change has...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Institutions, Culture, And Open Source

    The paper analyzes the impact of institutional and cultural factors on a remarkable economic activity: the production of so-called Open Source Software (OSS). OSS is marked by free access to the software and its source code. Copyright-based OSS licenses permit users to use, change, improve and redistribute the software, which...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Purely Procedural Preferences? Beyond Procedural Equity And Reciprocity?

    Most research in economics studies agents somehow motivated by out-comes. Here, the authors study agents motivated by procedures instead, where procedures are defined independently of an outcome. To that end, the authors design procedures which yield the same expected outcomes or carry the same information on others' intentions while they...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena

  • White Papers // Jan 2015

    SQL/MM Spatial: The Standard to Manage Spatial Data in Relational Database Systems

    Several major database systems provide extensions to support the management and analysis of spatial data in a relational database system (IBM02, Ora01 and IBM01). The functionality is also standardized in ISO/IEC 13249 SQL/MM. This paper presents part 3 of the standard and discusses it critically. The spatial data types and...

    Provided By Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena