IDOSI

Displaying 1-40 of 88 results

  • White Papers // Mar 2015

    Implementation of Novel Ultra-Low Power and High-Speed 1-Bit Full Adder Cell

    In this paper, the authors present a novel ultra-low power and high speed 1-bit full-adder, which is designed only based on pass transistor logic. The main advantages of this design are very low propagation delay and ultra-low consumption power, which lead to achieve lower PDP and EDP than that of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2015

    Efficient Floating Point Multiplier Implementation via Carry Save Multiplier

    The demand for floating point multiplication is increasing day-by-day since it supports wide range of multimedia applications. So floating point multiplication becomes essential in the domain of image processing, data extraction and digital signal processing. In this proposed paper, a single precision floating point multiplier is designed. The design of...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2014

    Design of Twin Precision Multiplier with Low Power and Area Using Clock Pipelining

    Design of a twin precision multiplier with less consumption of space for gates is this paper. The existing system uses the twin precision multiplier as one n bit multiplier based on the length of the inputs. The drawback of this system is that it occupies the largest area of hardware....

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  • White Papers // Dec 2014

    Low Power Distributed Arithmetic Based FIR Filter

    Datapath architectures are the critical components in computational intense applications and their architectural changes leads to changes in VLSI design constraints like area, performance and power. And in this modern automated world, the power constraint has been the major requirement; hence an effort has been applied regarding the necessary. This...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2014

    Performance Analysis of Combinatorial Digital Circuit Evolution with Cluster Growth Technique

    An interesting approach of using genetic programming is to synthesize circuit with least possible number of logic gates and the same is presented in this paper. The Genetic Algorithm (GA) is one of the optimization techniques of evolutionary algorithm used to design evolvable hardware. This paper proposes the applicability of...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Influence of Social Networking on E-Business: A Quantitative Study

    Purchasing decisions are often strongly influenced by people who the consumers know and trusts. Moreover, many online shoppers tend to wait for the opinions of early adopters before making a purchase decision to reduce the risk of buying a new product. Web-based social communities, actively fostered by E-business firms, allow...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    New Noise Tolerant Domino Logic Circuits

    In this paper, the authors propose four wide domino circuits to improve the robustness and reduce the power consumption. All proposed circuits use small potential at the source of the pull down network in the standby mode. Simulation is done using 90nm HSPICE for 32 input OR gate. Their proposed...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Two New Topologies for Low-Power Half-Adder in 180nm CMOS Technology

    In this paper, the authors present the design of two half-adder with ultra-optima design parameters. In the first idea, half-adder has low power consumption, low propagation delay and as a result, it has low PDP and EDP. The second design is based on multiplexer circuit. This half-adder in addition to...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Binovel Low-Power and High Performance Full-Adder Cell in 180nm CMOS Technology

    A novel low-power and high speed 1-bit full-adder is described which is designed based on pass transistor and Transmission Gate (TG) logic. The main advantage of this design is its inherent very low propagation delay and low power consumption. The consequence of which leads to achieving lower Power Delay Product...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    A Low-Power Reversible Full-Adder Using Novel 3x3 Reversible Gate

    Reversible computation has become an alluring concept in low power circuit design. The conventional computations generate more heat due to the effect of logic gates which are irreversible in nature. For low power consumption circuit must be designed with reversible logic gates that have both forward and backward deterministic. This...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Truncated Multipliers: A FPGA Realization

    In this paper, the author's present truncated multiplier hardware implementation in Xilinx Virtex-4 Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) devices includes XC4VLX60, XC4VLX80, XC4VLX100 and XC4VLX160 using very high speed integrated circuit Verilog Hardware Description Language (VHDL). The truncated multipliers are highly recommended for Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications. A comparison...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2014

    Leakage Power Analysis of Dynamic Footed Circuits in 45nm CMOS Technologies

    Domino logic circuit has two sub categories, footed domino circuit and footless domino logic. Footed domino circuit consists of pre-charge transistor, footer transistor; Pull Down Network (PDN) and keeper transistor. In this paper, two new circuits are proposed and compared to the existing techniques for the leakage power reduction of...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2014

    Low Power Architecture for Reconfigurable FIR Filter for SDR

    PSM architecture synthesizes multiplier blocks with low hardware requirement suitable for implementation as part of full parallel Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters is presented in this paper. FIR digital filters are widely used in DSP by the virtue of its stability, linear phase, fewer finite precision error and efficient implementation....

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  • White Papers // Jun 2014

    Direct Carry Array Multiplier: A New Approach to Lowpower and High Efficient Structure

    In this paper, the authors proposed a newly designed multiplier with low power consumption and high speed in processes based on a new structure. Due to increasing demand for integrated circuits with being higher in speed, lower in delays, higher in power efficiency as well as more compact in size,...

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  • White Papers // May 2014

    Factors of Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty in Industrial Marketing (B2B)

    In recent years, research on effective cognitive factors on customer satisfaction and loyalty has increased. In most cases, customer's loyalty is vital for the success of business organizations, usually because attracting new customers is more expensive than retaining existing ones and most of the researches performed by many authors are...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Remote Control System Using Embedded Linux and ARM 9

    Current wireless robot system is usually composed by a microcontroller system, bare microcontroller constrained by hardware characteristics; it is difficult to satisfy many complex controls while ensuring system real-time. View of this, the paper based ARM9-structured processor and embedded Linux system, optimized and improvement the versatility and real-time capacity of...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    E Logistics for Warehouse Management

    To gain a competitive advantage over increasing competition, organizations must constantly adapt to customer demand, vendor compliance initiatives and multi-channel issues. A synchronized warehouse process can maximize the organization's facility while improving workforce performance and facility management. When was the last time there was an objective and a strategic approach/look...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Advanced Internet Access System Using Embedded Linux

    With the development of internet and the coming of the post-PC era, the embedded systems is becoming the center of interest in the current IT industry and exhibiting broad potential market. In the meantime, the access of embedded systems into the internet has become an important direction of the present...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Optimization Techniques for Low Power VLSI Circuits

    Sources of power dissipation in CMOS devices depend on the following terms. The first term represents the power required to charge and discharge circuit nodes. Power dissipation has emerged as an important design parameter in the design of microelectronic circuits, especially in portable computing and personal communication applications. In this...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    An Evolution of Forensic Data Analysis and Methodologies

    Every day huge amount of data is generated from various sources. For the past few years, the amount of data that an organization uses and stores has been increasing rapidly. Big data is the mixture of any type of data. This paper seeks to provide basic information regarding the evolution...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Data-Acquisition System Using Embedded Linux

    In this paper, the authors present the principles of a low-operational-cost but flexible Internet-based data-acquisition system. The main core of the system is an embedded hardware running a scaled-down version of Linux: a popular choice of operating system for embedded applications. The embedded device communicates through General Packet Radio Service...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    A New Method for Data Mining in Multimedia Environment

    Most of the existing frequent item sets mining techniques are based up on multimedia data mining. In this paper, the authors propose a novel approach for frequent item sets mining using color, texture and shape. Frequent item set is an item set that satisfies minimum support. The data bases tested...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Mining the Financial Multi-Relationship with Accurate Models

    In order to overcome the difficulty in mining the large-scale multi-relationship system, a classification method or algorithm is proposed. The development of data mining applications such as classification or clustering has shown the need for machine learning algorithms to be applied to large scale data. In this paper, the authors...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Design of High Performance L1 Cache of 32-Bit RISC Processor

    In this paper, the authors describe the architecture and design of a 64KB L1 data cache and a 64KB L1 instruction cache of a 32-bit RISC processor for a direct mapped organization. Both caches are organized optimally so that words can be retrieved within the minimum number of clock cycles....

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  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    Hiding Sensitive Association Rules

    In data mining, Apriori is a classic algorithm for learning association rules. Apriori is designed to operate on databases containing transactions (for example, collections of items bought by customers). The store owner might want to discover which of these items customers are likely to buy together. This can be used...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    A Study on the Challenges and Prospects of PCM Based Main Memory Architectures

    For several decades, computer's memory has been volatile. High speed memories such as DRAM and SRAM have been used as main memory and cache memory respectively. Magnetic disks are used as the persistent secondary storage devices. The present DRAM based main memory has reached its energy limits. Due to the...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Hardware Reusable FPGA Design

    The authors discuss a fault tolerant technique for Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) called as hardware reusable when working in real time environment when the system is subjected to external attacks namely transient attacks. The proposed design, hardware reusable architecture makes its own components to overcome the faulty ones thus...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Impact of Customer Relationship Management on Customer Satisfaction

    Today one of the approaches which are creating drone in banking sector is customer relationship management. Relationships have different types and have different meanings. Among different relationships existing in this word, there is a very influencing relationship between customer relationship management and customer satisfaction. This paper is carried out on...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    The Principle of Recovery Logic FPGA for Critical Applications by Adapting to Failures of Logic Elements

    In this paper, the authors propose the restoration of the logic of programmable logic integrated circuits such as FPGA (Field-Programmable Gate Array) for critical applications by adapting to failures of logic elements. The principle of adaptation FPGA is to switch to the residual functionality of the LUT (Look-Up Table), with...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    Protecting from Zero-Day Malware Attacks

    The menace of malware is becoming more harmful and ominous for the enterprises as well as the home users. The malware attacks usually cause users to render their critical data in the hands of nefarious persons. Shielding against the malware attacks seems a challenging job for IT administrators. The common...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    The Effect of Human Resource Management Practices on Organization's Performance

    In this paper, the authors check the effect of HRM practices (staffing practices, incentive practices and training programs) on the organization's performance. Quantitative study was conducted in banking sector of Pakistan. A sample of 150 bankers, from different banks of Sahiwal, was selected and surveyed through questionnaires with a response...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2013

    The Relationship of E-CRM, Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty. the Moderating Role of Anxiety

    The rationale behind conducting this study is to evaluate the impact of E-CRM (used by customer relationship officer and web portal) on customer satisfaction that further helps in building customer loyalty. Moreover anxiety is taken as a moderating variable that moderates the relationship between E-CRM and customer satisfaction. For this...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2013

    Customer Relationship Management by Semi-Supervised Learning

    With the increase of customer information and the rapid change of customer requirements, the need for automated intelligent systems is becoming more vital. An automated system reduces human intervention, improves the quality of information extracted and provides fast feedback for decision making purposes. This paper investigates the use of a...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2013

    Denial of Service in Components of Information Telecommunication Systems Through the Example of \"Network Storm\" Attacks

    The paper is dedicated to the study of \"Network storm\" attacks aimed at disrupting the availability of information and information resources. The author has examined scenarios and models for \"Network storm\" attacks, which exploit the vulnerability of the hardware and information technology of attacked components of Information Tele-Communication Systems (ITCS)....

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  • White Papers // Oct 2013

    Ensuring the Security of Critically Important Objects and Trends in the Development of Information Technology

    In this paper, the authors examine specific vectors in the development of the IT sphere in the context of the security of the information-technological infrastructure of critically important objects. In the context of prospects for the development of the IT industry (inclusive of social networks and social development, staffing and...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2013

    Prognostic Load Balancing Strategy for Latency Reduction in Mobile Cloud Computing

    In Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC), load balancing is essential to distribute the local workload evenly across all the nodes either statically or dynamically. A high level of user satisfaction and resource utilization ratio can be achieved by ensuring an efficient and fair allocation of all computing resources. In the absence...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2013

    Inbound Logistics Data Transaction System Modeling in SME: Transition From BPM to Data Modeling

    In this paper, the authors focus on capturing all process-based data transaction system for the highest level of abstraction in inbound logistics activities in SME environment. As a business process modelling tool objective to provide better understanding and analytical view of the system, Data Flow Diagrams (DFD) are chosen due...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2013

    Customer Relationship Management Approach for MyFamily System: A Framework

    CRM is an approach that is widely utilized by companies to increase the customer values and normally, it is adopted by business-oriented companies. There are various studies on the CRM which focused on developing customer-centric systems and strategies. Besides the business-oriented system, there is a need to develop a social-oriented...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2013

    Fast and Secure Data Transmission by Using Hybrid Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Network

    Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a self organized and self configurable network where the mobile nodes move arbitrarily. For faster data transmission, the authors need a routing protocol that adapts to topology changes. Secure data transmission is the main issue in MANET. The enhancement in the secure data transmission in...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2013

    Efficient Doubletree: An Algorithm for Large-Scale Topology Discovery

    Monitoring Internet topology was a tractable problem. Topology discovery systems are starting to be introduced in the form of easily and widely deployed software. Unfortunately, they have a problem of how to perform such measurements efficiently and in a network-friendly manner. When scaled up, such methods will generate so much...

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