Inter-American Development Bank

Displaying 1-21 of 21 results

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Development In The Midst Of Drought: Evaluating An Agricultural Extension And Credit Program In Nicaragua

    This paper measures the impact of year one of the Millennium Challenge Corporation's Rural Business Development program for small rice farming households on the Pacific Coast of Nicaragua. The program was rolled out in the 2009-2010 agricultural year, which was the driest year on record in the region, likely due...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Innovation, R&D Investment And Productivity In Chile

    This paper uses two sources of information and different methodologies to analyze the causal effect of product and process innovation on productivity in the Chilean manufacturing industry during the past decade. In general, the evidence suggests there is not a contemporaneous effect of product innovation on productivity, but there is...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Politics Of Financial Development: The Role Of Interest Groups And Government Capabilities

    Although financial development is good for long-term growth, not all countries pursue policies that render full financial development. This paper builds on an extensive political economy literature to construct a theoretical model showing that the intensity of opposition to financial development by incumbents depends on both their degree of credit...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Notes On Optimal Growth, Climate Change Calamities, Adaptation And Mitigation

    A strategy of inclusion of adaptation and mitigation expenses in a model of optimal growth under threat of climate change calamities is discussed in these exploratory notes. Calamity is the result of a shock that reduces the utility level (even to extinction forever) and/or triggers a fundamental change of the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Innovation, R&D Investment and Productivity: Uruguayan Manufacturing Firms

    Uruguay's inability to sustain high levels of economic growth cannot be fully explained by external shocks, the prevailing institutional setting or the level of human capital accumulation. Instead, low investment in knowledge capital stands as a most likely explanation. This hypothesis is supported by empirical evidence analyzed in this study....

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Innovation And Productivity In The Argentine Manufacturing Sector

    This paper adapts the Crepon, Duguet, and Mairesse (1998) approach to estimate the relationship between innovation and productivity and the realities of innovative activities in developing countries. Panel data for Argentina during the period 1998-2004 to estimate a structural model in which different types of firms' innovative behavior - including...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Trade Impacts Of Domestic Transport Costs And Road Quality

    The literature examining the effects of domestic transport costs on trade flows is scarce. The few studies available rely mostly on distance-based measures as proxies of transport costs which impede analyzing the trade impacts of transport-infrastructure improvements, a critical aspect in regional and public policy. Applying a novel methodology that...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Multidimensional Targeting: Identifying Beneficiaries Of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs

    Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) have two main objectives: Reduce poverty and increase the human capital of children. To reach these objectives, transfers are given to poor households conditioned on investments in their children's education, health, and nutrition. Targeting mechanisms used by CCTs have been generally successful in identifying the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Great Recession, 'Rainy Day' Funds, And Countercyclical Fiscal Policy In Latin America

    This paper examines the fiscal policy options that were available to Latin American countries at the onset of the current global economic crisis. It concludes that most of the major countries in the region possessed the fiscal space (as measured by credible fiscal sustainability and debt headroom) to run prudent...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Discovery Of New Export Products In Ecuador

    This paper examines export diversification in Ecuador in the cases of fresh cut flowers, canned tuna, palm heart, broccoli and mangoes, using the theoretical framework on "Pioneers" and "Discoveries" developed by Hausmann and Rodrik (2003), as well as work by S?nchez and Butler (2006) on export costs and related uncertainties....

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Innovation, R&D and Productivity In The Costa Rican ICT Sector: A Case Study

    This paper addresses the relationships between innovation, Research and Development (R&D) and productivity in domestic ICT firms in Costa Rica. Factors considered were the types of innovation outputs produced by domestic ICT firms, the relative importance of innovation inputs, the impacts of innovation on firm productivity, the protection of innovations,...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Corporate Tax Stimulus And Investment In Colombia

    This paper uses a yearly dataset of plant-level investment in Colombian firms during the period 1997 to 2007 to assess the impact of a tax incentive for firms that invest in fixed assets implemented in 2004. A positive and statistically significant correlation is found between the boom observed in investment...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Debt Management In Latin America How Safe Is The New Debt Composition?

    While public debt ratios in Latin America increased in 2009 amid the global financial crisis, they remain below levels reached following the Asian and Russian crises of the late 1990s. Moreover, debt composition has continued to shift towards "Safer" debt (domestic debt with a higher prevalence of domestic currency liabilities)....

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Gender Wage Gaps In Central American Countries

    This paper compares gender wage gaps for Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s using the non-parametric matching methodology introduced by ?opo (2008), which allows an analysis not only of average gaps but also their distributions. While a simple comparison of average wages would...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    The Multilateral Response To The Global Crisis: Rationale, Modalities, And Feasibility

    The paper reviews the case for a strong multilateral response to the global crisis in Emerging Markets (EMs). It discusses modalities and feasibility of intervention and its associated risks, depending on country circumstances of fiscal space and liquidity needs. The specific role of Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) in ensuring the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps In Ecuador

    Returns to labor for workers with similar endowments of productive characteristics in Ecuador are influenced by two characteristics that, arguably, should play no role on the determination of wages: gender and ethnicity. This paper analyzes wage gaps due to both characteristics in Ecuador for the period 2003-2007, applying a matching...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Mobile Health: The Potential of Mobile Telephony to Bring Health Care to the Majority

    Acute and emerging epidemiological challenges are encouraging public sector to welcome and support the development of increasingly innovative health care initiatives. Given that nearly 70 out of every 100 people carry a mobile phone in the region, if the easy-to-use mobile platform can be applied to health care to contribute...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The Emergence Of New Successful Export Activities In Latin America: The Case Of Chile

    This paper surveys overall export growth in Chile and focuses on three case studies of the emergence of successful export activities in Chile: wine, pork and blueberries. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, and governments at various levels have addressed market failures and facilitated the provision of public goods...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Part-Time Work, Gender And Job Satisfaction: Evidence From A Developing Country

    This paper investigates the relationship between part-time work and job satisfaction using a recent household survey from Honduras. In contrast to previous work for developed countries, this paper does not find a preference for part-time work among women. Instead, both women and men tend to prefer fulltime work, although the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    Ethnicity And Human Capital Accumulation In Urban Mexico

    This paper analyzes social mobility and human capital accumulation among ethnic minorities in Mexican urban areas, exploring changes in educational attainment and labor market status and using panel data from the Mexican Family Life Survey (MFxLS). The results indicate important ethnic differences in human capital accumulation patterns, especially in education,...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Revisiting Economic Growth In Colombia - A Microeconomic Perspective

    This paper revisits economic growth in Colombia using the growth diagnostics methodology proposed by Hausmann, Rodrik and Velasco (2005), to identify the most binding constraints for economic growth and the policies that, if implemented, can have the largest positive impact. To rank public policy priorities the HRV (2005) methodological approach...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Notes On Optimal Growth, Climate Change Calamities, Adaptation And Mitigation

    A strategy of inclusion of adaptation and mitigation expenses in a model of optimal growth under threat of climate change calamities is discussed in these exploratory notes. Calamity is the result of a shock that reduces the utility level (even to extinction forever) and/or triggers a fundamental change of the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Multidimensional Targeting: Identifying Beneficiaries Of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs

    Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) have two main objectives: Reduce poverty and increase the human capital of children. To reach these objectives, transfers are given to poor households conditioned on investments in their children's education, health, and nutrition. Targeting mechanisms used by CCTs have been generally successful in identifying the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    The Multilateral Response To The Global Crisis: Rationale, Modalities, And Feasibility

    The paper reviews the case for a strong multilateral response to the global crisis in Emerging Markets (EMs). It discusses modalities and feasibility of intervention and its associated risks, depending on country circumstances of fiscal space and liquidity needs. The specific role of Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) in ensuring the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Revisiting Economic Growth In Colombia - A Microeconomic Perspective

    This paper revisits economic growth in Colombia using the growth diagnostics methodology proposed by Hausmann, Rodrik and Velasco (2005), to identify the most binding constraints for economic growth and the policies that, if implemented, can have the largest positive impact. To rank public policy priorities the HRV (2005) methodological approach...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Development In The Midst Of Drought: Evaluating An Agricultural Extension And Credit Program In Nicaragua

    This paper measures the impact of year one of the Millennium Challenge Corporation's Rural Business Development program for small rice farming households on the Pacific Coast of Nicaragua. The program was rolled out in the 2009-2010 agricultural year, which was the driest year on record in the region, likely due...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Corporate Tax Stimulus And Investment In Colombia

    This paper uses a yearly dataset of plant-level investment in Colombian firms during the period 1997 to 2007 to assess the impact of a tax incentive for firms that invest in fixed assets implemented in 2004. A positive and statistically significant correlation is found between the boom observed in investment...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Great Recession, 'Rainy Day' Funds, And Countercyclical Fiscal Policy In Latin America

    This paper examines the fiscal policy options that were available to Latin American countries at the onset of the current global economic crisis. It concludes that most of the major countries in the region possessed the fiscal space (as measured by credible fiscal sustainability and debt headroom) to run prudent...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Debt Management In Latin America How Safe Is The New Debt Composition?

    While public debt ratios in Latin America increased in 2009 amid the global financial crisis, they remain below levels reached following the Asian and Russian crises of the late 1990s. Moreover, debt composition has continued to shift towards "Safer" debt (domestic debt with a higher prevalence of domestic currency liabilities)....

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Mobile Health: The Potential of Mobile Telephony to Bring Health Care to the Majority

    Acute and emerging epidemiological challenges are encouraging public sector to welcome and support the development of increasingly innovative health care initiatives. Given that nearly 70 out of every 100 people carry a mobile phone in the region, if the easy-to-use mobile platform can be applied to health care to contribute...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    The Politics Of Financial Development: The Role Of Interest Groups And Government Capabilities

    Although financial development is good for long-term growth, not all countries pursue policies that render full financial development. This paper builds on an extensive political economy literature to construct a theoretical model showing that the intensity of opposition to financial development by incumbents depends on both their degree of credit...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Innovation, R&D Investment and Productivity: Uruguayan Manufacturing Firms

    Uruguay's inability to sustain high levels of economic growth cannot be fully explained by external shocks, the prevailing institutional setting or the level of human capital accumulation. Instead, low investment in knowledge capital stands as a most likely explanation. This hypothesis is supported by empirical evidence analyzed in this study....

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Innovation And Productivity In The Argentine Manufacturing Sector

    This paper adapts the Crepon, Duguet, and Mairesse (1998) approach to estimate the relationship between innovation and productivity and the realities of innovative activities in developing countries. Panel data for Argentina during the period 1998-2004 to estimate a structural model in which different types of firms' innovative behavior - including...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Gender Wage Gaps In Central American Countries

    This paper compares gender wage gaps for Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s using the non-parametric matching methodology introduced by ?opo (2008), which allows an analysis not only of average gaps but also their distributions. While a simple comparison of average wages would...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps In Ecuador

    Returns to labor for workers with similar endowments of productive characteristics in Ecuador are influenced by two characteristics that, arguably, should play no role on the determination of wages: gender and ethnicity. This paper analyzes wage gaps due to both characteristics in Ecuador for the period 2003-2007, applying a matching...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Part-Time Work, Gender And Job Satisfaction: Evidence From A Developing Country

    This paper investigates the relationship between part-time work and job satisfaction using a recent household survey from Honduras. In contrast to previous work for developed countries, this paper does not find a preference for part-time work among women. Instead, both women and men tend to prefer fulltime work, although the...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    Ethnicity And Human Capital Accumulation In Urban Mexico

    This paper analyzes social mobility and human capital accumulation among ethnic minorities in Mexican urban areas, exploring changes in educational attainment and labor market status and using panel data from the Mexican Family Life Survey (MFxLS). The results indicate important ethnic differences in human capital accumulation patterns, especially in education,...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    The Emergence Of New Successful Export Activities In Latin America: The Case Of Chile

    This paper surveys overall export growth in Chile and focuses on three case studies of the emergence of successful export activities in Chile: wine, pork and blueberries. Each case study discusses how companies, associations, and governments at various levels have addressed market failures and facilitated the provision of public goods...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Discovery Of New Export Products In Ecuador

    This paper examines export diversification in Ecuador in the cases of fresh cut flowers, canned tuna, palm heart, broccoli and mangoes, using the theoretical framework on "Pioneers" and "Discoveries" developed by Hausmann and Rodrik (2003), as well as work by S?nchez and Butler (2006) on export costs and related uncertainties....

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Innovation, R&D and Productivity In The Costa Rican ICT Sector: A Case Study

    This paper addresses the relationships between innovation, Research and Development (R&D) and productivity in domestic ICT firms in Costa Rica. Factors considered were the types of innovation outputs produced by domestic ICT firms, the relative importance of innovation inputs, the impacts of innovation on firm productivity, the protection of innovations,...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Trade Impacts Of Domestic Transport Costs And Road Quality

    The literature examining the effects of domestic transport costs on trade flows is scarce. The few studies available rely mostly on distance-based measures as proxies of transport costs which impede analyzing the trade impacts of transport-infrastructure improvements, a critical aspect in regional and public policy. Applying a novel methodology that...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Innovation, R&D Investment And Productivity In Chile

    This paper uses two sources of information and different methodologies to analyze the causal effect of product and process innovation on productivity in the Chilean manufacturing industry during the past decade. In general, the evidence suggests there is not a contemporaneous effect of product innovation on productivity, but there is...

    Provided By Inter-American Development Bank