Interscience Open Access Journals

Displaying 81-120 of 441 results

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Minimax Filtering in Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks

    Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSANs) are distributed wireless networks of heterogeneous devices referred to as sensors and actors. In Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSANs) the collaborative operation of sensors enables the distributed sensing of physical phenomenon, while actors collect and process sensor data and perform appropriate actions. Sensors...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Mobile Networking for "Smart Dust" with RFID Sensor Networks

    Large-scale networks of wireless sensors are becoming an active topic of research. The authors review the key elements of the emergent technology of "Smart Dust" and outline the research challenges they present to the mobile networking and systems community, which must provide coherent connectivity to large numbers of mobile network...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Overview of Wireless Network Control Protocol in Smart Phone Devices

    The computer network connection without wire or any cable is referring as wireless network. These Wireless Local Area Networks are popular for its worldwide applications. It has covered wide scale Wireless Local Area Network. The large scale systems to all applicable areas make large numbers of wireless termination and covering...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Design Issues and Classification of WSNs Operating Systems

    Wireless Sensor Networks is an emerging area of research. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) face lot of problems that do not arise in other types of wireless networks and computing environments. Limited computational resources, power constraints, low reliability and higher density of sensor nodes (motes) are just some basic problems that...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Routing Protocol for Vehicular Adhoc Network

    Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks (VANETs) are special type of Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) where wireless equipped vehicles from a network are continuously travelling along the road. Node movement feature of Vehicular Ad-hoc NETwork (VANET) closely resembles with that of Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) but its high speed mobility and unpredictable movement...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Review on Hierarchical Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has become an interesting field of research of the 21st century. It is a type of the wireless ad-hoc network. This has brought about developing low cost, low-power and multi-function sensor nodes. The network life for Wireless Sensor Network plays an important role in survivability....

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Comparison of Feasibility of Risk Monitoring in Buildings in Two Wireless Sensor Network: MICA Mote and MEMS

    In this paper, feasibility of risk monitoring of buildings in two Wireless Sensor Network is presented, firstly by using MICA Mote and then by MEMS. Also, it will be verified that the MEMS sensors are superior as it provides high quality sensor data and no data loss as compared to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Wireless Sensor Network with Centralized Embedded Web Server Using ARM 7

    A plat form independent embedded web server and its integration into a network of wireless sensor nodes is implemented here. The embedded web server is designed and built as an expansion module for one of the nodes in the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). It allows authorized Internet users to establish...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Implementation and Performance Analysis Evaluation of A New MANET Routing Protocol in Ns-2

    Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) can be defined as a collection of large number of mobile nodes that form temporary network without aid of any existing network infrastructure or central access point. The efficient routing protocols can provide significant benefits to Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks, in terms of both performance and reliability....

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Minimization of Data Replica in Mobile Adhoc Network Routing

    Ad hoc networks have characteristics such as flexibility, easy deployment, robustness which makes them an interesting technology for various applications. Ad hoc networks are considered as the most promising terminal networks in future mobile communications. A novel position based opportunistic routing protocol, in which several forwarding candidates cache the packet...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Wireless Eurynomus A Wireless (802.11) Probe Request Based Attack

    The 802.11 standard for wireless includes a procedure of sending a continuous probe request to find out if there is a nearby Access Point available or not. Most of wireless clients like laptops or smart phones are configured to auto-connect. Due to this auto connect feature any client can be...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Ultra Wide Band Planer Antenna for Wireless Network Application

    Application of Ultra-WideBand (UWB) technology on wireless communication system has increased considerably in last seven years. This paper presents a planar Antenna for Ultra Wide Band frequency for cover a large bandwidth of 3.1 GHz and 13.1GHz for the resonance frequency of 6.5 and its wide application like WLAN, Wi-MAX,...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Ant Colony Optimized Routing for Mobile Adhoc Networks (MANET)

    A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes forming a temporary network without using centralized access points, infrastructure, or centralized administration. Routing means the act of moving information across an internet work from a source to a destination. The biggest challenge in this kind of networks...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Load Balancing Protocol for Energy Accomplished Routing in WSN

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been considered as a promising method for reliably monitoring both civil and military environments under hazardous or dangerous conditions. Due to such environments, the power supplies for sensors in the network are not usually rechargeable or replaceable. Therefore, the energy efficiency is critical for the...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Visualization of Network Traffic

    Network security in today's world is critical. System administrators must quickly perceive the security state of their networks, but they often have only text-based tools to work with. These tools often provide no overview that would help users grasp the big-picture. Network traffic visualization tools have successfully enabled security analysts...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    The Campus Security Tracking System Based on RFID and ZigBee Network

    In this paper, the authors present the Campus Security Tracking system (CST) has been designed and implemented using the RFID and ZigBee network. The CST reads the RFID tags data through FRID & ZigBee node, and then sends it to PC node by a custom wireless protocol on the ZigBee....

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Fault Tolerance in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Constrained Delaunay Triangulation

    Fault tolerance is one of the main issues in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) since it becomes critical in real deployment environment where reliability and reduced inaccessibility times are important. In this paper, the authors propose a fault-tolerance technique for coverage area of the sensor network that enhances the energy efficiency...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Improving Localization Accuracy in Wireless Sensor Networks

    The most fundamental problem of wireless sensor networks is localization (finding the geographical location of the sensors). Most of the localization algorithms proposed for sensor networks are based on Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) method. To achieve high accuracy in localization it requires high seed node density and it also suffers...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Performance Evaluation of Relaying Schemes for Wireless Communication Systems

    The evaluation of MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) Relay wireless system is carried out and compared against the performance of a SISO (Single-Input Single-Output) Relay wireless system. The encoding scheme used in MIMO is Alamouti coding and decoding is done by the Maximum Likelihood (ML) detector. A comparison is made between the...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Fuzzy Based Approach in Multihop Network

    The proposed system utilizes the concept of multi hop communication in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). On the other hand, the single hop communication leads to more power dissipation in the nodes at the time of transmitting sensed data. The proposed system rectifies the above mentioned problem with the multi hop...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Amorphous Event Prevention in Wireless Sensor Network

    In many applications wireless sensor can be used to detect the events in those applications. With the advances in sensing, communication, and computation, there is an increasing need to track mobile events such as air pollutant diffusion, toxic gas leakage, or wildfire spreading using mobile sensors such as robots. Lots...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Attacks in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Detection and Counter Measure

    In Wireless Ad-hoc network Stealthy packet dropping is a suite of four attacks; misrouting, power control, identity delegation, and colluding collision - that can be easily launched against multi hop wireless ad hoc network. Stealthy packet dropping disrupts the packet from reaching the destination through malicious behavior at an intermediate...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Novel Defence Mechanism Against On Demand Adhoc Routing Protocol for Mobile Adhoc Networks

    To access multimedia data mobile users like to use their own consumer electronic devices anywhere and at anytime. Hence, the authors expect that wireless ad hoc networks will be widely used in the near future since these networks form the topology with low cost on the fly. However, consumer electronic...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Security Architecture for Real-World Applications of Wireless Sensor Network

    With the recent capability of being applicable in enormous fields, the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) has drawn attention of researchers and industries in diverse areas. Being deployed in areas that are hostile, WSN pose lots of difficulties and challenges to the research fraternity. In this paper, the authors discuss a...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Increasing the Lifetime of Heterogeneous Sensor Network by using Genetic-Fuzzy Clustering

    Wireless Sensor Network is composed of hundreds or thousands of sensor nodes which have computational, energy and memory limitation. Its duty is to receive information from its surrounding environment, analyze and process data and to send the received data to other nodes or base station. In these networks, sensor nodes...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Analysis of Unipath and Multipath Routing Protocols in Mobile Adhoc Networks

    A MANET is an interconnection of mobile devices by wireless links, which forms a dynamic topology. Routing protocols play a vital role in transmission of data across the network. The two major classifications of routing protocols are unipath and multipath. In this paper, the authors have evaluated the performance of...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Network-A Survey

    Wireless Sensor Networks are a web of sensor nodes with a set of processor and limited memory unit embedded in it. Reliable routing of packets from the sensor node to its base station is the most important task for the networks. The routing protocols applied for the other networks cannot...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Wireless Network Security Threats and their Solutions: A Short Study

    With continual advances in technology, wireless accessibility is being deployed increasingly in office and public environments, as it is having huge benefits. But it is also coupled with the security threats and risks that will adversely affect the performance of the organization. To get rid of these threats, firstly these...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Detecting and Effective Routing of Time Critical Events Using Congestion and Delay Aware Routing in WSNS

    Reliability and timeliness are two essential requirements of successful detection of critical events n Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The Base Station (BS) is particularly interested about reliable and timely collection of data sent by the nodes close to the ongoing event, and at that time, the data sent by other...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Investigation of Capacity Gains in MIMO Correlated Rician Fading Channels Systems

    This paper investigate the effect of Rician fading and correlation on the capacity and diversity of MIMO channels. The use of antenna arrays at both sides of the wireless communication link (MIMO systems) can increase channel capacity provided the propagation medium is rich scattering or Rayleigh fading and the antenna...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Secure and Reliable Power Supply with Challenges-Smart Grid

    Smart Grid implementations will certainly increase the quantity, quality and use of information available from advanced sensing, computing and communications hardware as well as software. There is virtually universal agreement that it is necessary to upgrade the electric grid to increase overall system efficiency and reliability. Many technologies currently in...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    An Integration Approach for Heterogeneous Distributed Database Transaction Protocols

    Integration is commonly used for summarizing information held in very large databases which are encountered in data warehousing, large scale transaction management, and statistical databases. Such applications often involve distributed databases that have developed independently and therefore may exhibit incompatibility, heterogeneity, and data inconsistency. The authors are here concerned with...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Fuzzy Set Approaches to Data Mining of Association Rule

    Data mining on large databases has been a major concern in research community due to the difficulty of analyzing huge volume of data. This paper focuses on the large set area i.e. on fuzzy sets and knowledge discovery of data. Association rules provide information in accessing significant correlations in large...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Ontology Techniques for Web Data

    In this paper the authors presents techniques for knowledge description and formalization, ontologies are used to represent user profiles in personalized web data. However, when representing user profiles, many models or techniques have utilized only knowledge from either a global knowledge base or user local information. In this paper, a...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Association Rule Mining for Gene Expression Data

    Microarray technology has created a revolution in the field of biological research. Association rules can not only group the similarly expressed genes but also discern relationships among genes. The authors propose a new row-enumeration rule mining method to mine high confidence rules from microarray data. It is a support-free algorithm...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Design of Configurable IP Core for Error Detection and Correction

    In this paper the authors address the design & implementation of configurable Intellectual Property (IP) core for double error detection and single error correction. The encoding/decoding algorithms considered in this can be implemented with a simple and faster hardware. The block can be used for coding and decoding word having...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    An Efficient Three Step Algorithm for Fast Motion Estimation in Mobile Domain

    The goal of this paper is to find a fast method for motion estimation and motion segmentation using proposed model. Recent day Communication between ends is facilitated by the development in the area of wired and wireless networks. Block matching algorithms are very useful in achieving the efficient and acceptable...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Application and Simulation of Route Optimization in Mobile IP

    Mobile Internet Protocol has been proposed by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to support portable IP addresses for mobile devices that often change their network access points to the Internet. In the basic mobile IP protocol, datagrams sent from wired or wireless hosts and destined for the mobile host that...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Dataprefetching Framework for Mobile Behavior Mining Using Co-Smart-Cast Method

    Data Mining is a widely used technique for discovering valuable information in a complex data set. In this paper the authors discussed the main issues about Mobile User Behavior Mining. In mobile transaction database, users in the different user groups may have different behaviors. So that they proposed parameter-less clustering...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Radio Access Network Requirement for New Deployment of WIMAX in Dhaka

    Mobile WiMAX is expected to be the next generation radio-interface, complementing WLAN and challenging EVDO/HSPA/LTE. High speed data rate, reduced latency, better Quality of service, and mobility can allow WiMAX to meet the rapidly growing demand of the users. A study of WiMAX Radio Network Planning (RNP) for an urban...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    An Efficient Approach Formulation of Social Groups of User Calls of GSM

    The people are living in a world of wireless technology. The most widely used wireless i.e. mobile computing device today is the Mobile phone, can be used not only for voice and data communications but also as a computing device running context aware applications. In this paper, the authors present...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Star Varietal Cube: A New Large Scale Parallel Interconnection Network

    This paper proposes a new interconnection network topology, called the Star varietal-cube SVC (n, m), for large scale multicomputer systems. The authors take advantage of the hierarchical structure of the Star graph network and the Varietal hypercube to obtain an efficient method for constructing the new topology. The Star graph...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Detection of Phishing Websites and Secure Transactions

    Phishing is an electronic online identity theft in which the attackers use a combination of social engineering and web site spoofing techniques to trick a user into revealing confidential information. It steals the user's personal identity data and financial credentials. Most of the phishing attacks emerge as spoofed E-Mails appearing...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Integrated Approach of Malicious Website Detection

    With the advent and the rising popularity of Internet, security is becoming one of the focal point. At present, Web sites have become the attacker's main target. The attackers uses the strategy of embedding the HTML tags, the script tag to include web-based Trojan scripting or redirector scripting, the embedded...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    An Implementation of Botnet Detection Algorithm for Grid Networks

    Grid is an emerging technology that aims at utilizing resources efficiently and effectively, A botnet is a collection of infected computers and the common attacks are a Distributed Denial Of Service attack (DDOS) is any type of attack on a networking structure to disable a server from servicing its clients....

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Embedded Wireless Based Communications in Oilfield & Providing Security System

    The area of the oilfield is much wider. Oil exhauster continuous working for 24 hours. As the problem of petroleum being stolen, transmission line being stolen, and transformer being stolen exists which requires the strong secures management system. With Consideration of the objective condition restriction of geographical environment, the implementation...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Probabilistic Model for Intrusion Detection in Wireless Sensor Network

    Intrusion detection in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is important through the view of security in WSN. Sensor Deployment Strategy gives an extent to security in WSNs. This paper compares the probability of intrusion detection in both the Poisson as well as Gaussian deployment strategies. It focuses on maximizing intrusion detection...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    An Efficient Load Balancing Clustering Scheme for Data Centric Wireless Sensor Networks

    Clustering is an efficient approach to capitalize the energy of energy constraint sensor nodes in wireless sensor networks. Clustering schemes do not guarantee formation of clusters with equal number of nodes. So data frames transmitted by the nodes vary. TDMA schedule of nodes of smaller cluster is smaller than others...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Multi User Diversity Evaluation in MIMO HSDPA Downlink Channels

    A multiple transmit antenna, single receive antenna (per receiver) downlink channel with limited channel feedback is considered. Given a constraint on the total system-wide channel feedback, the following question is considered: is it preferable to get low-rate feedback from a large number of receivers or to receive high-rate/high-quality feedback from...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Design of AMBA AXI4 Protocol for System-on-Chip Communication

    Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) protocol family provides metric-driven verification of protocol compliance, enabling comprehensive testing of interface Intellectual Property (IP) blocks and System-on-Chip (SoC) designs. The AMBA advanced eXtensible Interface 4 (AXI4) update to AMBA AXI3 includes the following: support for burst lengths up to 256 beats, updated write...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Seamless Handover Between UMTS and GPRS

    UMTS is one step ahead from the 2.5G network GPRS and supports faster data rates with wide coverage area. GPRS and UMTS are already deployed in many countries but seamless handover between GPRS and UMTS still remains as a stumbling block for the service providers to fulfill the continuously increasing...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    QoS Analysis for Scheduling Schemes in Wireless Networks

    In wireless environment, the periodic moments of wireless networks may cause the fluctuation of available bandwidth by varying with time and location. The periodic fluctuation disturbs the resource distribution and Quality of Service (QoS). QoS design is the fundamental functionality of the networking router to enable differentiated delivery and to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Implementation of a Modem for Narrow Bandwidth Channel Using 6713 DSK

    As communication plays an important role in day to day life, the effective and efficient voice transmission is to be maintained. This paper mainly deals with voice transmission over a channel and implemented using 6713 DSK. For this purpose, some modulation schemes and voice coders are implemented. So two points...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Credit Card Forgery Identification System With Location Based Tracking Using Mobiles With GPS

    In Mobile networks the user's location, passwords might be used as authentication factor to provide security services for remote client authentication. In addition there are many typical authentication factors. In Location based Remote client Authentication Protocol for mobile environment (LRAP), combines several authentication factors to securely authenticate a mobile user....

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    A QoS Aware Vertical Handover in Mobile Network

    The convergence of heterogeneous wireless access technologies characterizes the 4G wireless networks. In such converged systems, the seamless and efficient handoff between different access technologies (vertical handoff) is essential and remains a challenging problem. The heterogeneous co-existence of access technologies with largely different characteristics creates a decision problem of determining...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Live Streaming Using Peer Division Multiplexing

    A Number of commercial Peer-To-Peer (P2P) systems for live streaming have been introduced in recent years. The behavior of the popular systems has been extensively studied in several measurement papers. However, these studies have to rely on a "Black-box" approach, where packet traces are collected from a single or a...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Dynamic Thread Pool Based Service Tracking Manager

    The Service Tracking Manager (STM) application is a management software that integrates, collects, and manages alerts/events information from Casino Management Systems. It allows casinos to track alerts and events at different locations. Casinos staff attends to various kinds of requests. The requests can be for providing customer service, handle events...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Security Analysis of Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing play an important role in IT industry. Cloud computing reshaping the IT industry and in software development process. Cloud computing techniques can offer many facilities like sharing of hardware, availability of software and many more resources as a basic need. Cloud computing effectively reduces the cost, maintenance. As...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Research on Data Mining Using Neural Networks

    The application of neural networks in the data mining has become wider. Data mining is the search for relationships and global patterns that exist in large databases but are 'Hidden' among the vast amount of data, such as a relationship between patient data and their medical diagnosis. These relationships represent...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Basic Model of Multicast Authentication Based On Batch Signature-MABS

    Traditional multicast authentication schemes manage the different involvement of the receivers by letting the sender: choose the block size, divide a multicast stream into blocks, connect each block with a signature, and spread the effect of the Signature across all the packets in the block. The relationship between packets tends...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Cross-Layer System for Cluster Based Data Access in MANET'S

    The objective of cooperative caching is to improve data availability, improve access efficiency and reduce query delay in mobile Ad-Hoc networks. Many types of cache replacement algorithms like LRU, LFU, LFRU, LRU-MIN and LFU-MIN are used to improve data accessibility and reduce query delay in cluster based cooperative caching in...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Pattern Recognition Algorithms for Cluster Identification Problem

    There are large datasets in high dimensional database to solve the cluster identification problem and for identifying dense clusters in a noisy data. In this paper by using densely intra connected sub graphs the authors' analysis identified the clusters. They have used pattern recognition algorithms for representing the graphs and...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Software Inspection Improves Quality of Software Product

    An electronic tender system (e-tender) streamlines the tender process and thereby saves time and cost. Security requirements for e-tendering systems have not been closely scrutinized in the literature. In addition to the security concerns of conventional e-tender systems - authentication, integrity, privacy, and non-repudiation are provided. This paper identifies key...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Secure E-Tendering Using Identity Based Encryption From Bilinear Pairings

    An electronic tender system (e-tender) streamlines the tender process and thereby saves time and cost. Security requirements for e-tendering systems have not been closely scrutinized in the paper. In addition to the security concerns of conventional e-tender systems - authentication, integrity, privacy, and non-repudiation are provided. This paper identifies key...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Comparisons Various Versions of GridFTP Protocols

    The GridFTP protocol has become a popular data movement tool used to build distributed grid-oriented applications. The GridFTP protocol extends the FTP protocol defined by and extended in some other IETF documents by adding certain features designed to improve the performance of data movement over a wide area network, to...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A Study of Artifical Intelligence in Intrusion Detection Systems

    Artificial Intelligence could make the use of Intrusion Detection Systems a lot easier than it is today. They could learn the preferences of the security officers and show the kind of alerts first that the officer has previously been most interested. As always, the hardest thing with learning AIs, is...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A Attack on E-Mail Encryption Protocols by Chosen Ciphertext Method

    Several security protocols (PGP, PEM, MOSS, S/MIME, PKCS#7, CMS, etc.) have been developed to provide confidentiality and authentication of electronic mail. These protocols are widely used and trusted for private communication over the Internet. The authors point out a potentially serious security hole in these protocols: any encrypted message can...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    An Extensive Simulation Analysis of AODV Protocol With IEEE 802.11 MAC for Chain Topology in MANET

    A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) represents system of wireless mobile nodes that can self-organize freely and dynamically into arbitrary and temporary network topology. Routing is the task of directing data packets from a source node to a given destination. The main method for evaluating the performance of MANETs is...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    An Approach for Customer Behavior Analysis Using Web Mining

    Customer satisfaction is the key secret of success for all industries regardless of whether it is web enabled or not. This paper focuses the role of web mining in achieving a viable edge in business. Web mining is becoming the tool for success for those who adopt electronic means of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Cloud Computing: A Survey

    Cloud computing provides huge computing services to the business for improving the organizational growth. Basic requirement needed for this technology is Internet but provides higher capability when compared to the Internet. Cloud computing is a combination of computation, software, data access and also provides storage services. In Cloud, storage of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    A New Generation Peer-to-Peer Advanced Botnet

    A botnet is a network of compromised computers that are infected with code that allows an unauthorized user to control them via the Internet. Botnets are one of the most serious threats to today's Internet. Most current botnets have centralized Command and Control (C&C) architecture. However, Peer-To-Peer (P2P) structured botnets...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    An Integrated Approach for Measuring Software Quality and Code Readability

    In this paper, the authors explore the concept of code readability and investigate its relation to software quality. This is a new approach to measuring the complexity of software systems. Software industry uses software metrics to measure the complexity of software systems for software cost estimation, software development control, software...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Secure Web System Development

    The recent development in the field of Web system technology has transformed the software industry radically by integrating a wide range of web users, vendors, and enterprise applications worldwide. In Web-based system, a security requirement is a critical issue. This difficulty is due to the complexity level of such systems...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Tree Based Aggregation and Routing in WSN: A Multi-Agent System Approach

    In WSN one of the issues is to route the data from the sensor nodes to sink node. The tree-based approach provides an efficient solution for establishing the path and in network aggregation. Tree is nonlinear structures, which have hierarchical levels in terms of parent-child combination. In this paper, the...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Mathematical Model for the Detection of Selfish Nodes in MANETs

    A mobile ad hoc network, is an independent network of mobile devices connected by wireless links. Each device in a MANET can move freely in any direction, and will therefore change its links to other devices easily. Each must forward traffic of others, and therefore be called a router. The...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    The Application of Case-Based Reasoning to Estimation of Software Development Effort

    Accurate project effort estimation is an important goal for the software engineering community. Till date most work has focused upon building algorithmic models of effort estimation for example COCOMO. The authors describe an alternative approach to estimation based upon the use of analogy. The objective is to estimate the development...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Basic Concept of Embedded 'C': Review

    The use of C language to program micro controllers is becoming too common. And most of the time its not easy to build an application in assembly which instead one can make easily in C. So, its important that one know C language for micro controller which is commonly known...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Fast and Texture-Structure Preservable Inpainting and Its Application for Creating Virtualized-Reality Indoor Models

    This paper discusses the new inpainting algorithm for handling the images in the virtualized-reality indoor models. The untextured regions in the indoor model are textured by this proposed inpainting method which guarantees the texture and the structure propagation. The authors call this as a hybrid method because it combines the...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Defending Against Modern Threats in Web Applications

    Web applications have become critical part of business. They hold a treasure trove of data behind their front ends. Now-a-days attackers are well aware of the valuable information accessible through web applications, so website security has become a major problem today. The number of vulnerabilities has multiplied in recent years....

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Software Performance Analysis With Parallel Programming Approaches

    The term Software Performance Engineering (SPE) is a systematic and quantitative approach for constructing software systems to meet the performance objectives such as response time, throughput, scalability and resource utilization. Optimization is major concern in achieving performance parameters. Optimization is performed during run-time, or in the design phase. This paper...

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