Interscience Open Access Journals

Displaying 241-280 of 442 results

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Mathematical Model for the Detection of Selfish Nodes in MANETs

    A mobile ad hoc network, is an independent network of mobile devices connected by wireless links. Each device in a MANET can move freely in any direction, and will therefore change its links to other devices easily. Each must forward traffic of others, and therefore be called a router. The...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Basic Concept of Embedded 'C': Review

    The use of C language to program micro controllers is becoming too common. And most of the time its not easy to build an application in assembly which instead one can make easily in C. So, its important that one know C language for micro controller which is commonly known...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Fast and Texture-Structure Preservable Inpainting and Its Application for Creating Virtualized-Reality Indoor Models

    This paper discusses the new inpainting algorithm for handling the images in the virtualized-reality indoor models. The untextured regions in the indoor model are textured by this proposed inpainting method which guarantees the texture and the structure propagation. The authors call this as a hybrid method because it combines the...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Basic Concept of Embedded "C": Review

    The use of C language to program micro controllers is becoming too common. And most of the time its not easy to build an application in assembly which instead the user can make easily in C. So its important that they know C language for micro controller which is commonly...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Basic Model of Multicast Authentication Based On Batch Signature-MABS

    Traditional multicast authentication schemes manage the different involvement of the receivers by letting the sender: choose the block size, divide a multicast stream into blocks, connect each block with a signature, and spread the effect of the Signature across all the packets in the block. The relationship between packets tends...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Pattern Recognition Algorithms for Cluster Identification Problem

    There are large datasets in high dimensional database to solve the cluster identification problem and for identifying dense clusters in a noisy data. In this paper by using densely intra connected sub graphs the authors' analysis identified the clusters. They have used pattern recognition algorithms for representing the graphs and...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Digital Watermarking Technique Used for Security of Digital Images During Broadcasting and Telecasting by Using DWT

    Signals are any time varying quantity having lot of Information and have its own frequency. Signal can be classified into random signal, periodic signals, and non-periodic signals, discrete or digital signal. Signal may contain various data like audio, video, or in text format. Signal also has information like images. But...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Performance Analysis of MIMO SFBC CI-COFDM System Against the Nonlinear Distortion and Narrowband Interference

    Carrier Interferometry Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (CI-COFDM) system has been widely studied in multi-carrier communication system. The CI-COFDM system spreads each coded information symbol across all N sub-carriers using orthogonal CI spreading codes. The CI-COFDM system shows the advantages of Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) reduction, frequency diversity...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Simulation of a Real-Time Bus Arrival Predictor Using RFID and LabVIEW

    Most college and office goers in India use the public buses for daily commuting. The bus network caters to the need of thousands who find it an affordable means of transport. However, the absence of real-time updates in the system poses some very serious problems during the exit period. Large...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Optimal Allocation of FACTS Devices by Using Multi-Objective Optimal Power Flow and Genetic Algorithms

    The introduction of the Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) in the power system reduces the losses, reduces the cost of the generation, improves the stability and also improves the load capability of the system. Some application of the Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) technologies to existing high voltage power system...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    The Design and Development of Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Simulation Studies by ADS

    The matching network of a Microstrip Patch Antenna at 10.65 GHz was designed and developed using the software Advanced Design System (ADS). ADS is powerful software for designing microwave electronic circuits. The Microstrip Patch antenna thus developed was tested at 10m Far Field Antenna Anechoic Chamber and Momentum Simulation studies...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Carrier to Noise Ratio Performance Evaluation for Optical SSB Signal in Radio Over Fiber System

    The optical and wireless communication systems convergence will activate the potential capacity of photonic technology for providing the expected growth in interactive video, voice communication and data traffic services that are cost effective and a green communication service. The last decade growth of the broadband internet projects the number of...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A Multipurpose Image Processing Technique for Wireless and Wired Networks

    One of the most important and challenging goal of current and future communication network is transmission of high quality images from sender to receiver side quickly with least error where limitation of bandwidth is a prime problem. Here, the authors will discuss a new approach towards compressing and decompressing with...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A Trust Based Sensor Protocol for Information Dissemination in a Point to Point Media

    Securing the information dissemination is an important issue in wireless sensor network. Previously, there is no available work on the integrated design of trust model and SPIN-PP protocol (sensor Protocols for Information via Negotiation) for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, to improve the quality of this...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Analyzing the Performance of Data Dissemination Algorithms to Application Requirements in Wireless Sensor Network

    A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a collection of thousands of tiny sensor nodes having the capability of wireless communication, limited computation and sensing. Many data dissemination protocols have been proposed for multi-hop communication in sensor networks, each evaluated in some scenario. Many protocols are designed to exploit application requirements,...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Study of Wireless Sensor Network in SCADA System for Power Plant

    In this paper, study of wireless SCADA system which is powerful setup for monitoring and controlling the various applications from remotely placed is presented. All communication between GSM modem and user are wireless based, this translates into lowest cost compared to all other systems. Wireless based solutions have universally accepted,...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Performance Comparison of Routing Protocols in MANET Varying Network Size

    A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) consists of mobile wireless nodes in which the communication between nodes is carried out without any centralized control. MANET is a self organized and self configurable network where the mobile nodes move arbitrarily. The mobile nodes can receive and forward packets as a router....

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Dual Bootstrap Server Based Super peer Overlay Construction

    Many two-layer hierarchy unstructured Peer-To-Peer (P2P) systems, comprising of superpeers and ordinary peers improved the performance of large scale P2P systems. The construction and maintenance of the superpeer overlay network play an important role in improving the performance P2P systems. One efficient method of constructing the superpeer overlay network is...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Evaluation of Proactive, Reactive and Hybrid Ad Hoc Routing Protocol for Various Battery Models in VANET Using Qualnet

    In VANET high speed is the real characteristic which leads frequent breakdown, interference etc. In this paper, the authors studied various Ad hoc routing protocols, Reactive, Proactive & Hybrid, taking in to consideration various VANET parameters like speed, altitude etc in real traffic scenario and evaluated them for various battery...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Autonomic Diffusion Based Spray Routing in Intermittently Connected Mobile Networks With Multiple Copies

    Intermittently connected mobile Network systems represent a challenging environment for networking research, due to the problems of ensuring messages delivery in spite of frequent disconnections and random meeting patterns. These networks fall into general category of Delay Tolerant Networks. There are many real networks that follow this model, for example,...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    An Improved Hybrid Peer-to-Peer System With Caching for Distributed Data Sharing

    Peer-to-peer overlay networks are widely used in distributed systems. Based on whether a regular topology is maintained among peers, peer-to-peer networks can be divided into two categories: structured peer-to-peer networks in which peers are connected by a regular topology, and unstructured peer-to-peer networks in which the topology is arbitrary. Structured...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A UML Framework for Socially Responsive Resource Usage Protocol

    Everything available in the people environment which can be used to satisfy their needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'Resource'. Therefore, planning is essentially required for judicious use of resources. It has importance in a country like India, which has enormous...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Automata for Web Services Fault Monitoring and Diagnosis

    Like any software, web service fault management is also required to go through different phases of fault management lifecycle. Model based diagnosis has been a well established practice for its several positive aspects including cognitively being better understood by development and testing teams. Automata is a simple and formally well...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    STM: Lock-Free Synchronization

    Current parallel programming uses low-level programming constructs like threads and explicit synchronization (for example, locks, semaphores and monitors) to coordinate thread execution which makes these programs difficult to design, program and debug. In this paper, the authors present Software Transactional Memory (STM) which is a promising new approach for programming...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Checkpointing Orchestrated Web Services

    Web Services are built on service-oriented architecture which is based on the notion of building applications by discovering and orchestrating services available on the web. Complex business processes can be realized by discovering and orchestrating already available services on the web. In order to make these orchestrated web services resilient...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Resilient GIA

    The core activity of any P2P system is File Sharing. In any system where many peers are connected, several replicas of same file may be present but the challenge, especially in an unstructured p2p overlay, is to make sure that there exist certain copies of the latest version for performing...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Data Partitioning for Semantic Web

    Semantic web database is an RDF database. Tremendous increase can be seen in semantic web data, as real life applications of semantic web are using this data. Efficient management of this data at a larger scale, and efficient query performance are the two major concerns. This work aims at analyzing...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A Correctness Criterion for Eager Approach Validation for Transactional Memory System

    With rise of multi-core systems, Software Transactional Memory (STM) has garnered significant interest as an elegant alternative for developing concurrent code. A (memory) transaction is an unit of code in execution in memory. A Software Transactional Memory system (STM) ensures that a transaction appears either to execute atomically (even in...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    The Effect of Social Online Networking Service on Public Libraries Via Critical Systems Heuristics (CSH) :A Case Study

    Libraries can provide numerous services for users on the use of Web 2.0 technology by promoting library services. In the interactive Web 2.0 environment; (SON) took hold. The Purpose of this paper is to discuss on the impact of Social Online Networking (SON) on library services by a qualitative evaluation...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Tunable Microstrip Filters for Modern Wireless Communications

    Microwave filters are essential components for a large variety of modern communication systems. Filters engage in many recreating roles in RF and microwave applications. Forthcoming technologies like wireless communications are racing with RF and microwave filters in performance, physical and cost parameters. Developing technologies in materials and fabrications are defining...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A New Hammerstein Model for Non-Linear System Identification

    In this paper, a newer type of black box nonlinear model in Hammerstein structure is proposed. The model has wavelet network coupled with Orthonormal basis functions which is capable of modeling a class of non-linear systems with acceptable accuracy. Wavelet basis functions have the property of localization in both the...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Enhancing Spectrum Efficiency of Cognitive Radio Waveforms Using SD-SMSE Framework

    Spectrum overcrowding continues to present is a fundamental challenge for both military and commercial communications. Recent studies suggest that spectrum congestion is primarily due to inefficient usage rather than spectrum availability. Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) and Cognitive Radio (CR) are two techniques being considered to improve spectrum efficiency and utilization....

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Probabilistic Model for Intrusion Detection in Wireless Sensor Network

    Intrusion detection in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is important through the view of security in WSN. Sensor Deployment Strategy gives an extent to security in WSNs. This paper compares the probability of intrusion detection in both the Poisson as well as Gaussian deployment strategies. It focuses on maximizing intrusion detection...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    An Efficient Load Balancing Clustering Scheme for Data Centric Wireless Sensor Networks

    Clustering is an efficient approach to capitalize the energy of energy constraint sensor nodes in wireless sensor networks. Clustering schemes do not guarantee formation of clusters with equal number of nodes. So data frames transmitted by the nodes vary. TDMA schedule of nodes of smaller cluster is smaller than others...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Multi User Diversity Evaluation in MIMO HSDPA Downlink Channels

    A multiple transmit antenna, single receive antenna (per receiver) downlink channel with limited channel feedback is considered. Given a constraint on the total system-wide channel feedback, the following question is considered: is it preferable to get low-rate feedback from a large number of receivers or to receive high-rate/high-quality feedback from...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Design of AMBA AXI4 Protocol for System-on-Chip Communication

    Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) protocol family provides metric-driven verification of protocol compliance, enabling comprehensive testing of interface Intellectual Property (IP) blocks and System-on-Chip (SoC) designs. The AMBA advanced eXtensible Interface 4 (AXI4) update to AMBA AXI3 includes the following: support for burst lengths up to 256 beats, updated write...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Seamless Handover Between UMTS and GPRS

    UMTS is one step ahead from the 2.5G network GPRS and supports faster data rates with wide coverage area. GPRS and UMTS are already deployed in many countries but seamless handover between GPRS and UMTS still remains as a stumbling block for the service providers to fulfill the continuously increasing...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    QoS Analysis for Scheduling Schemes in Wireless Networks

    In wireless environment, the periodic moments of wireless networks may cause the fluctuation of available bandwidth by varying with time and location. The periodic fluctuation disturbs the resource distribution and Quality of Service (QoS). QoS design is the fundamental functionality of the networking router to enable differentiated delivery and to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Implementation of a Modem for Narrow Bandwidth Channel Using 6713 DSK

    As communication plays an important role in day to day life, the effective and efficient voice transmission is to be maintained. This paper mainly deals with voice transmission over a channel and implemented using 6713 DSK. For this purpose, some modulation schemes and voice coders are implemented. So two points...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Clustering Algorithms for High Dimensional Data - A Survey of Issues and Existing Approaches

    Clustering is the most prominent data mining technique used for grouping the data into clusters based on distance measures. With the advent growth of high dimensional data such as microarray gene expression data, and grouping high dimensional data into clusters will encounter the similarity between the objects in the full...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Design and Implementation of a (2,2) and a (2,3) Visual Cryptographic Scheme

    In this paper two methods for (2, 2) and (2, 3) Visual Cryptographic Scheme(VCS) is proposed. The first scheme considers 4 pixels of input image at a time and generates 4 output pixels in each share. As 4 output pixels are generated from 4 input pixels dimension and aspect ratio...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    A Simple Scheme for Visual Cryptography

    Here an algorithm is proposed to implement (2, 2) secret sharing problem which reduces the size (resolution) of the generated shares. Instead of considering one pixel at a time to generate the share, two consecutive pixels of the original image are considered row wise. Finally a pixel share having six...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem for Email Encryption

    The idea of information security lead to the evolution of cryptography. In other words, cryptography is the science of keeping information secure. It involves encryption and decryption of messages. The core of cryptography lies in the keys involved in encryption and decryption and maintaining the secrecy of the keys. Another...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Cellular Automata Based Data Security Scheme in Computer Network Using Single Electron Device

    The internet conceptualized new ways of social interaction, activities globally. Internet serves billions of users worldwide. By the end of 2011it is expected that 22% of the world's population will regularly surf internet. Beside this, internet incorporated high risks for e-users by enabling intruders to gain access via security holes....

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Call Routing in Contact Center

    Now a day companies uses the contact center to provide service to customer. One of the important challenges of today contact center solution is to align the customer to the most appropriate agent within the time constrain. Call routing is used to for the alignment of customer with agent. Call...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Enabling Mainframe Assets to Services for SOA

    Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is a mechanism for achieving interoperability between heterogeneous systems. SOA enables existing legacy systems to expose their functionality as services, without making significant changes to the legacy systems. Migration towards a Service-Oriented Approach (SOA) not only standardizes interaction, but also allows for more flexibility in the existing...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Next Gen Smart and Connected Systems

    With the kind of technological advancements such as cloud computing, virtualization, computing grids, etc, that the people are seeing today, soon the hardware and software producers will be under severe pressure to deliver cheaper and cost effective solutions and to combine them with innovate commercial models such as "Pay as...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Comparison of 3GPP LTE and 3GPP2 UMB

    In the last years, technology evolution in mobile communications is mainly motivated by three relevant agents: the market globalization and liberalization and the increasing competence among vendors and operators coming from this new framework, the popularization of IEEE 802 wireless technologies within the mobile communications sector and, finally, the exponential...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Next Generation Middleware Technology for Mobile Computing

    Current advances in portable devices, wireless technologies, and distributed systems have created a mobile computing environment that is characterized by a large scale of dynamism. Diversities in network connectivity, platform capability, and resource availability can significantly affect the application performance. Traditional middleware systems are not prepared to offer proper support...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Wireless Sensor Networks for Indoor Environment Monitoring Using Lab View

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have gained worldwide attention in recent years, particularly with the rapid progress in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technology which has facilitated the development of smart sensors. These sensors are small, with limited processing and computing resources, and they are inexpensive compared to traditional sensors. These sensor nodes...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Minimizing Link Utilization in Selfish Overlay Routing

    The rapid growth and increasing requirements for service quality, reliability had made everyone to choose the traffic engineering essential for the large public networks. The multi Protocol label switching is a protocol used when there is interaction between the traffic engineering and the overlay networks. This Multi-Protocol Labeled Switching (MPLS)...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Goal Programming Approach for Selection of COTS Components in Designing a Fault Tolerant Modular Software System under Consensus Recovery Block Scheme

    The application of computer systems has now crossed many different fields. Systems are becoming more software intensive. The requirements of the customer for a more reliable software led to the fact that software reliability is now an important research area. One method to improve software reliability is by the application...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    SMS Text Compression Through IDBE (Intelligent Dictionary Based Encoding) for Effective Mobile Storage Utilization

    Effective storage utilization is the key concept for better working of any operating system. Even operating systems used for mobile phones are not an exception for this fact. This paper proposes a technique for maximizing the utilization of the storage space present in mobile phones. Thus, it is important to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Secure Efficient On-Demand Insider Attacks Multicast Routing Protocol in Wireless Networks

    Wireless multicast routing send and receives the data source to destination. High error rates, unfixed and changeable self of the signal power and broadcast change with time and environment regularly result in not effective links. These services more weak to internal attacks coming from compromised nodes that behave randomly to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Spectral Minutiae Fingerprint Recognition System

    Biometrics refers to the automatic recognition of individuals based on their physiological and/or behavioral characteristics, such as faces, finger prints, iris, and gait. In this paper, the authors focus on the application of finger print recognition system. The spectral minutiae fingerprint recognition is a method to represent a minutiae set...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Facial Expression Recognition System Using Facial Characteristic Points and ID3

    Facial expression is one of the most powerful, natural, and abrupt means for human beings which have the knack to communicate emotion and regulate inter-personal behaviour. In this paper, the authors present a novel approach for facial expression detection using decision tree. Facial expression information is mostly concentrate on facial...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Implementation of MHMIP and Comparing the Performance With MIP and DHMIP in Mobile Networks

    Managing the mobility efficiently in wireless networks causes critical issue, in order to support mobile users. To support global mobility in IP networks the Mobile Internet Protocol (MIP) has been proposed. The Hierarchical MIP (HMIP) and Dynamic HMIP (DHMIP) strategies are also proposed for providing high signaling delay. The authors'...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    CMA Channel Equalization Through an Adaptive MMSE Equalizer Based RLS Algorithm

    The adaptive algorithm has been widely used in the digital signal processing like channel estimation, channel equalization, echo cancellation, and so on. One of the most important adaptive algorithms is the RLS algorithm. The authors present in this paper n multiple objective optimization approach to fast blind channel equalization. By...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    An Efficient Authentication Protocol for Security in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) is a collection of mobile nodes that communicate by forming a network dynamically that lacks fixed infrastructure and centralized control. Secure routing is of at most importance in such networks because of dynamically changing topologies, absence of centralized monitoring points and lack of clear lines...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Simulation of DSDV Protocol

    An ad-hoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of Mobile Hosts without the required intervention of any centralized Access Point. This Application is the innovative design for the operation of such ad-hoc networks. The basic idea of the design is to operate each Mobile Host as a specialized...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Preemptive Routing & Intrusion Detection for MANETs

    An ad-hoc network will often change rapidly in topology, this courses for routes in the network to often disappear and new to arise. The Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol(AODV), is based on the principle of discover routes as needed. In this paper, the authors will extend the definition of...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Embedded Smart Car Security System on Face Detection

    In this proposed embedded car security system, FDS (Face Detection System) is used to detect the face of the driver and compare it with the predefined face. For example, in the night when the car's owner is sleeping and someone theft the car then FDS obtains images by one tiny...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    GPS Based Bluetooth Broadcasting - Long Range Solution

    In this paper, GPS based Bluetooth broadcasting for long range is proposed. System model for Long range broadcasting of messages with multiple piconets and dynamically created threshold devices, based on GPS information is presented. The authors' simulation results have shown that, message can be received by those devices which are...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Min Max Normalization Based Data Perturbation Method for Privacy Protection

    Data mining system contain large amount of private and sensitive data such as healthcare, financial and criminal records. These private and sensitive data can not be share to every one, so privacy protection of data is required in data mining system for avoiding privacy leakage of data. Data perturbation is...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Multi-Gigabit Pattern for Data in Network Security

    In the current scenario network security is emerging the world. Matching large sets of patterns against an incoming stream of data is a fundamental task in several fields such as network security or computational biology. High-speed network Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) rely on efficient pattern matching techniques to analyze the...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    VANET: Performance Comparison of BNGF Method in Different Vehicular Traffic Scenarios

    A Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork (VANET) is a wireless ad hoc network that is formed between vehicles on an on demand basis. A lot of research work around the world is being conducted to design the routing protocols for VANETs. In this paper, the authors examine the significance Greedy Forwarding...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Designing of an Automated Power Meter Reading With Zigbee Communication

    This paper presents the design and implementation of Automatic Power Meter (APM), The APM is implemented using an ARM and Zigbee Based power meter Communication Module. The design presents a new methodology for avoiding the high construction and maintenance costs in the existing meter reading technology. Using an APM with...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    A Modified Approach to the New Lossless Data Compression Method

    This paper proposed the modified approach to the new lossless data compression method. It is developed based on hiding data reversibly with a location map. It performs same as the earlier algorithm but it stands on lossless strategy where as the former approach could not do it. It can compress...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Extending UML for Multidimensional Modeling in Data Warehouse

    Multidimensional modeling is the foundation of data warehouses, MD databases, and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) applications. Nowadays Dimensional modeling and object-orientation are becoming growing interest areas. In the past few years; there have been many proposals, for representing the MD properties at the conceptual level. However, none of them has...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Fast and Scalable Pattern Matching for Memory Architecture

    Multi-pattern matching is known to require intensive memory accesses and is often a performance bottleneck. Hence, specialized hardware-accelerated algorithms are being developed for line-speed packet processing. While several pattern matching algorithms have already been developed for such applications, the authors find that most of them suffer from scalability issues. They...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Multiplier Design and Performance Estimation With Distributed Arithmetic Algorithm

    A new architecture of Multiplier-and-Accumulator (MAC) for high-speed arithmetic. By combining multiplication with accumulation and devising a hybrid type of Carry Save Adder (CSA), the performance was improved. Since the accumulator that has the largest delay in MAC was merged into CSA, the overall performance was elevated. The proposed CSA...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Implementation of Memory Less Based Low-Complexity CODECS

    In this paper, the authors present a CODEC design for two classes of Crosstalk Avoidance Codes (CACs), Forbidden Pattern Codes (FPCs) and Forbidden Transition Codes (FTCs). Their mapping and coding scheme is based on the Fibonacci numeral system and the mathematical analysis shows that all numbers can be represented by...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    A Novel Decode-Aware Compression Technique for Improved Compression and Decompression

    With compressed bit streams, more configuration information can be stored using the same memory. The access delay is also reduced, because less bits need to be transferred through the memory interface. To measure the efficiency of bit stream compression, Compression Ratio (CR) is widely used as a metric. It is...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Embedded Programmable Web-Based ECG Monitoring & Detection System Using a Fast Algorithm

    The physicians have to interpret this large amount of ECG data to search for only a few abnormal beats in the ECG. Physicians may overlook some abnormal cycles due to fatigue and human error in interpreting such a large amount of data. Therefore, there is an urgent need for an...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A UML Framework for Socially Responsive Resource Usage Protocol

    Everything available in the people environment which can be used to satisfy their needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'Resource'. Therefore, planning is essentially required for judicious use of resources. It has importance in a country like India, which has enormous...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Automata for Web Services Fault Monitoring and Diagnosis

    Like any software, web service fault management is also required to go through different phases of fault management lifecycle. Model based diagnosis has been a well established practice for its several positive aspects including cognitively being better understood by development and testing teams. Automata is a simple and formally well...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    STM: Lock-Free Synchronization

    Current parallel programming uses low-level programming constructs like threads and explicit synchronization (for example, locks, semaphores and monitors) to coordinate thread execution which makes these programs difficult to design, program and debug. In this paper, the authors present Software Transactional Memory (STM) which is a promising new approach for programming...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Checkpointing Orchestrated Web Services

    Web Services are built on service-oriented architecture which is based on the notion of building applications by discovering and orchestrating services available on the web. Complex business processes can be realized by discovering and orchestrating already available services on the web. In order to make these orchestrated web services resilient...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Tracking of Moving Object in Wireless Sensor Network

    A Wireless Sensor Network is a collection of sensor nodes distributed into a network to monitor the environmental conditions and send the sensed data to the Base Station. Wireless Sensor Network is one of the rapidly developing area in which energy consumption is the most important aspect to be considered...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Public Key Distribution and Broadcast Authentication Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    In wireless sensor networks, broadcast communication is the most fundamental and prevailing communication pattern. Securing the broadcast messages from the adversary is critical issue. To defend the WSNs against the adversary attacks of impersonation of a broadcast source or receiver, modification/fabrication of the broadcast message, attacker injecting malicious traffic to...

    Provided By Interscience Open Access Journals