Interscience Open Access Journals

Displaying 241-280 of 502 results

  • White Papers // May 2012

    A Comparative Study of Different Smart Parking Assist Systems Using Wireless Sensor Networks

    To deal with the parking guidance issue of the parking lots, this paper proposes a vision of improvements in parking guidance and information system based on wireless sensor system. This system consists of parking space monitoring nodes, routing nodes, parking guidance display and Central control center. The nodes transmit the...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Mobile Voting Using Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) Technology and Authentication Using Fingerprinting Biometrics and Wireless Networks

    India is world's largest democracy. Fundamental right to vote or simply voting in elections forms the basis of Indian democracy. In India all earlier elections a voter used to cast his vote by using ballot paper. This is a long, time-consuming process and very much prone to errors. This situation...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Performance Enhancement of Reactive on Demand Routing Protocol in Wireless Ad Hoc Network

    A Mobile Adhoc NETwork (MANET) is a class of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically organize themselves in arbitrary network topologies. Due to mobility of nodes, routing plays an important role in communication and routing protocols are divided into two basic classes: proactive and reactive. AODV is an on demand routing...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    A Call Admission Control Scheme for Multimedia Support Over IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs

    These days there is an increasing interest for VoIP over wireless LANs. QoS support for real-time services like voice in the IEEE 802.11 WLAN is an important issue. Since, IEEE 802.11 uses contention based MAC protocol - the distributed coordination function DCF, it is difficult to support the strict QoS...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    User Authentication Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks : A Survey

    A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consisting of a large number of tiny sensors can be an effective tool for gathering data in diverse kinds of environments. The data collected by each sensor node is communicated to the base station, which forwards the data to the end user. In wireless sensor...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Simulation and Analysis of Impact of Buffering of Voice Calls in Integrated Voice and Data Communication System

    Queuing theory and Markov chain analysis plays vital role in analyzing real-life problems. It is applied to wired network, wireless network and mobile communication to analyze the packet traffic in packet switched network. In this simulation and analysis, integrated communication system such as voice and data is simulated with different...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Techniques for Load Balancing in Wireless LAN

    This suggests new strategies for balancing load in a wireless network connected in star topology. The loads are assigned to each processor using divisible load theory & Different techniques. Divisible load theory suggests that a load can be divided arbitrarily such that each fraction of the load can be independently...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Comparative Performance Analysis of Ad-Hoc Routing Protocol Using NS-2 Simulator

    Mobile Ad hoc Network is a collection of mobile nodes in which the wireless links are frequently broken down due to mobility and dynamic infrastructure. Routing is a significant issue and challenge in ad hoc networks. In Mobile ad hoc network, due to mobility of nodes network topology change frequently...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    An Efficient Key Management Scheme for Secure Data Access Control in Wireless Broadcast Services

    Wireless broadcast is an effective approach to disseminate data to a number of users. To provide secure access to data in wireless broadcast services, symmetric key - based encryption is used to ensure that only users who own the valid keys can decrypt the data. Regarding various subscriptions, an efficient...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Quality of Service Based Handover Approach in a WLAN Network

    As the technology is improving so are the demands of end users and their applications increasing. A wide variety of new applications are being invented daily. These applications have different demands from the underlying network protocol suite. High bandwidth internet connectivity has become a basic requirement to the success of...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Dual-Hop OSTBC Transmissions Over Fading Channels Under Receiver Phase Noise for Regenerative Systems

    Space-time coding for fading channels is a Communication technique that realizes the diversity benefits of multiple transmit antennas. Previous work in this area has focused on the narrowband flat fading case where spatial diversity only is available. In this paper, the authors investigate the use of space-time coding in OFDM...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Route Request Flooding Attack Using Trust Based Security Scheme in Manet

    In recent years, the use of Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) has been widespread in many applications, including some mission critical applications, and as such security has become one of the major concerns in MANETs. A mobile ad hoc network is set up with a group of mobile wireless nodes...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Fault Tolerant, Energy Saving Method for Reliable Information Propagation in Sensor Network

    The reliability of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is affected by faults that may occur due to various reasons such as malfunctioning hardware, software glitches, dislocation, or environmental hazards, e.g. fire or flood. Due to inherent nature of these networks a sensor node may fail and hence the route may also...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    QoS Routing in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks Using Agents

    Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning in a Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANETs) routing for multimedia traffic is a challenging task due to dynamic topology of such networks. Fuzzy Logic (FL) was used for QoS prediction from current uncertain QoS constraints in the network for particular applications, from these uncertain constraints there...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Performance Evaluation of Extended AODV Using Different Scenarios

    The mobile ad hoc networks have become a major component of the future network development due to their ease of deployment, self configurability; flexibility and independence on any existing network infrastructure Mobile ad-hoc network have the attributes such as wireless connection, continuously changing topology, distributed operation and ease of deployment....

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Development of Empirical Mode Decomposition

    In this paper, one of the tasks for which empirical mode decomposition is potentially useful is nonparametric signal denoising, an area for which wavelet thresholding has been the dominant technique for many years. In this paper, the wavelet thresholding principle is used in the decomposition modes resulting from applying EMD...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    ICMP, SNMP: Collaborative Approach to Network Discovery and Monitoring

    The algorithm and realization technique of network topology discovery is a very important technical indicator for a network management system's quality. Based on the knowledge of the network topology discovery theory, the research on ICMP and SNMP programming for Windows, this paper proposes a method of developing the common network...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    The Future of IP SAN Using SCVM

    The SCVM, which stands for Storage Concentrator Virtual Machine, creates IP SAN storage as virtual machine, providing the user with the ability to consolidate their virtual data center. The SCVM can fully manage and has features for the storage over local as well as networked VMs. This can be attained...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Impact of Routing Protocol on Performance of Wireless Ad Hoc Vehicular Network

    Vehicular Ad Hoc NETwork (VANET) is an emerging new technology integrating ad hoc network, Wireless LAN (WLAN) and cellular technology to achieve intelligent inter-vehicle communications and improve road traffic safety and efficiency. VANETs are distinguished from other kinds of ad hoc networks by their hybrid network architectures, node movement characteristics,...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Localization in Wireless Sensor Network Using MDS

    In this paper, determining the localization of nodes in a Wireless Sensor Network is a very important task, which involves collaboration between sensor nodes. Localization is a fundamental service since it is relevant to many applications and to the network main functions, such as: routing, communication, cluster creation, network coverage,...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Effective Analysis of Different Parameters in Ad Hoc Network for Different Protocols

    A wireless Ad-hoc network consists of wireless nodes communicating without the need for a centralized administration, in which all nodes potentially contribute to the routing process. A user can move anytime in an ad hoc scenario and, as a result, such a network needs to have routing protocols which can...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    A Fuzzy Implementation of Biometrics With Five Factor Authentication System for Secured Banking

    Remote authentication is the most commonly used method to determine the identity of a remote client. Secure and efficient authentication scheme has been a very important issue with the development of networking technologies. In a Generic Framework for Authentication, preserving security and privacy in distributed systems provide three factors for...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Normalized Transfer of Bulk Data By Using UDP in Dedicated Networks

    High speed bulk data transfer is an important part of many data-intensive scientific applications. TCP fails for the transfer of large amounts of data over long distance across high-speed dedicated network links. Due to system hardware is incapable of saturating the bandwidths supported by the network and rise buffer overflow...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    End-to-End Delay Optimization in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)

    In this paper, the authors are interested in optimizing the delay of event-driven wireless sensor networks, for which events does not occur frequently. In such systems, most of the energy is consumed when the radios are on, waiting for an arrival to occur. Sleep-wake scheduling is an effective mechanism to...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    An Improved Face Recognition Using Neighborhood Defined Modular Phase Congruency Based Kernel PCA

    A face recognition algorithm based on NMPKPCA algorithm presented in this paper. The proposed algorithm when compared with conventional Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithms has an improved recognition Rate for face images with large variations in illumination, facial expressions. In this technique, first phase congruency features are extracted from the...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Record Matching for Web Databases by Domain-Specific Query Probing

    Record matching refers to the task of finding entries that refer to the same entity in two or more files, is a vital process in data integration. Most of the record matching methods are supervised, which requires the user to provide training data. These methods are not applicable for web...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Dynamic Resource Management in Large Cloud Environments Using Distributed Gossip Protocol

    Resource management poses particular challenges in large-scale systems, such as server clusters that simultaneously process requests from a large number of clients. The authors mainly focus on the dynamic resource management in large scale cloud environment. Their core contribution centers around outlining a distributed middleware architecture and presenting one of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    A New Generation Peer-to-Peer Advanced Botnet

    A botnet is a network of compromised computers that are infected with code that allows an unauthorized user to control them via the Internet. Botnets are one of the most serious threats to today's Internet. Most current botnets have centralized Command and Control (C&C) architecture. However, Peer-To-Peer (P2P) structured botnets...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    An Integrated Approach for Measuring Software Quality and Code Readability

    In this paper, the authors explore the concept of code readability and investigate its relation to software quality. This is a new approach to measuring the complexity of software systems. Software industry uses software metrics to measure the complexity of software systems for software cost estimation, software development control, software...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Secure Web System Development

    The recent development in the field of Web system technology has transformed the software industry radically by integrating a wide range of web users, vendors, and enterprise applications worldwide. In Web-based system, a security requirement is a critical issue. This difficulty is due to the complexity level of such systems...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    An Approach for Customer Behavior Analysis Using Web Mining

    Customer satisfaction is the key secret of success for all industries regardless of whether it is web enabled or not. This paper focuses the role of web mining in achieving a viable edge in business. Web mining is becoming the tool for success for those who adopt electronic means of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Cloud Computing: A Survey

    Cloud computing provides huge computing services to the business for improving the organizational growth. Basic requirement needed for this technology is Internet but provides higher capability when compared to the Internet. Cloud computing is a combination of computation, software, data access and also provides storage services. In Cloud, storage of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    An Insight into the Importance of Requirements Engineering

    When developing a software, one of the most important aspects for success of any software project is to get the requirements right. The success of any software project depends on the quality of the requirements. As the projects change over the time, the authors try to study the requirement process...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Web Search Using Improved Concept Based Query Refinement

    The information extracted from Web pages can be used for effective query expansion. The aspect needed to improve accuracy of web search engines is the inclusion of metadata, not only to analyze Web content, but also to interpret. With the Web of today being unstructured and semantically heterogeneous, keyword-based queries...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    A QoS Aware Vertical Handover in Mobile Network

    The convergence of heterogeneous wireless access technologies characterizes the 4G wireless networks. In such converged systems, the seamless and efficient handoff between different access technologies (vertical handoff) is essential and remains a challenging problem. The heterogeneous co-existence of access technologies with largely different characteristics creates a decision problem of determining...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Live Streaming Using Peer Division Multiplexing

    A Number of commercial Peer-To-Peer (P2P) systems for live streaming have been introduced in recent years. The behavior of the popular systems has been extensively studied in several measurement papers. However, these studies have to rely on a "Black-box" approach, where packet traces are collected from a single or a...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Credit Card Forgery Identification System With Location Based Tracking Using Mobiles With GPS

    In Mobile networks the user's location, passwords might be used as authentication factor to provide security services for remote client authentication. In addition there are many typical authentication factors. In Location based Remote client Authentication Protocol for mobile environment (LRAP), combines several authentication factors to securely authenticate a mobile user....

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation Algorithm in the Presence of I/Q Imbalance in OFDM Systems

    In this paper, the authors analyzed the feasibility of using a virtual carrier based carrier frequency offset estimation algorithm in the presence of I/Q imbalance in OFDM systems. Based on the analysis of the signal model with both receiver CFO and I/Q imbalance impairment they conclude that it is feasible...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Embedded Automobile Engine Locking System, Using GSM Technology

    This paper deals with the design & development of an embedded system, which is being used to prevent/control the theft of a vehicle. The developed instrument is an embedded system based on GSM technology. The instrument is installed in the engine of the vehicle. An interfacing GSM modem is also...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    The Application of Case-Based Reasoning to Estimation of Software Development Effort

    Accurate project effort estimation is an important goal for the software engineering community. Till date most work has focused upon building algorithmic models of effort estimation for example COCOMO. The authors describe an alternative approach to estimation based upon the use of analogy. The objective is to estimate the development...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Design and Implementation of a (2,2) and a (2,3) Visual Cryptographic Scheme

    In this paper two methods for (2, 2) and (2, 3) Visual Cryptographic Scheme(VCS) is proposed. The first scheme considers 4 pixels of input image at a time and generates 4 output pixels in each share. As 4 output pixels are generated from 4 input pixels dimension and aspect ratio...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    A Simple Scheme for Visual Cryptography

    Here an algorithm is proposed to implement (2, 2) secret sharing problem which reduces the size (resolution) of the generated shares. Instead of considering one pixel at a time to generate the share, two consecutive pixels of the original image are considered row wise. Finally a pixel share having six...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem for Email Encryption

    The idea of information security lead to the evolution of cryptography. In other words, cryptography is the science of keeping information secure. It involves encryption and decryption of messages. The core of cryptography lies in the keys involved in encryption and decryption and maintaining the secrecy of the keys. Another...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Cellular Automata Based Data Security Scheme in Computer Network Using Single Electron Device

    The internet conceptualized new ways of social interaction, activities globally. Internet serves billions of users worldwide. By the end of 2011it is expected that 22% of the world's population will regularly surf internet. Beside this, internet incorporated high risks for e-users by enabling intruders to gain access via security holes....

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Call Routing in Contact Center

    Now a day companies uses the contact center to provide service to customer. One of the important challenges of today contact center solution is to align the customer to the most appropriate agent within the time constrain. Call routing is used to for the alignment of customer with agent. Call...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Enabling Mainframe Assets to Services for SOA

    Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is a mechanism for achieving interoperability between heterogeneous systems. SOA enables existing legacy systems to expose their functionality as services, without making significant changes to the legacy systems. Migration towards a Service-Oriented Approach (SOA) not only standardizes interaction, but also allows for more flexibility in the existing...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Next Gen Smart and Connected Systems

    With the kind of technological advancements such as cloud computing, virtualization, computing grids, etc, that the people are seeing today, soon the hardware and software producers will be under severe pressure to deliver cheaper and cost effective solutions and to combine them with innovate commercial models such as "Pay as...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Comparison of 3GPP LTE and 3GPP2 UMB

    In the last years, technology evolution in mobile communications is mainly motivated by three relevant agents: the market globalization and liberalization and the increasing competence among vendors and operators coming from this new framework, the popularization of IEEE 802 wireless technologies within the mobile communications sector and, finally, the exponential...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Next Generation Middleware Technology for Mobile Computing

    Current advances in portable devices, wireless technologies, and distributed systems have created a mobile computing environment that is characterized by a large scale of dynamism. Diversities in network connectivity, platform capability, and resource availability can significantly affect the application performance. Traditional middleware systems are not prepared to offer proper support...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Wireless Sensor Networks for Indoor Environment Monitoring Using Lab View

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have gained worldwide attention in recent years, particularly with the rapid progress in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technology which has facilitated the development of smart sensors. These sensors are small, with limited processing and computing resources, and they are inexpensive compared to traditional sensors. These sensor nodes...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Minimizing Link Utilization in Selfish Overlay Routing

    The rapid growth and increasing requirements for service quality, reliability had made everyone to choose the traffic engineering essential for the large public networks. The multi Protocol label switching is a protocol used when there is interaction between the traffic engineering and the overlay networks. This Multi-Protocol Labeled Switching (MPLS)...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Goal Programming Approach for Selection of COTS Components in Designing a Fault Tolerant Modular Software System under Consensus Recovery Block Scheme

    The application of computer systems has now crossed many different fields. Systems are becoming more software intensive. The requirements of the customer for a more reliable software led to the fact that software reliability is now an important research area. One method to improve software reliability is by the application...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    SMS Text Compression Through IDBE (Intelligent Dictionary Based Encoding) for Effective Mobile Storage Utilization

    Effective storage utilization is the key concept for better working of any operating system. Even operating systems used for mobile phones are not an exception for this fact. This paper proposes a technique for maximizing the utilization of the storage space present in mobile phones. Thus, it is important to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Secure Efficient On-Demand Insider Attacks Multicast Routing Protocol in Wireless Networks

    Wireless multicast routing send and receives the data source to destination. High error rates, unfixed and changeable self of the signal power and broadcast change with time and environment regularly result in not effective links. These services more weak to internal attacks coming from compromised nodes that behave randomly to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Spectral Minutiae Fingerprint Recognition System

    Biometrics refers to the automatic recognition of individuals based on their physiological and/or behavioral characteristics, such as faces, finger prints, iris, and gait. In this paper, the authors focus on the application of finger print recognition system. The spectral minutiae fingerprint recognition is a method to represent a minutiae set...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Facial Expression Recognition System Using Facial Characteristic Points and ID3

    Facial expression is one of the most powerful, natural, and abrupt means for human beings which have the knack to communicate emotion and regulate inter-personal behaviour. In this paper, the authors present a novel approach for facial expression detection using decision tree. Facial expression information is mostly concentrate on facial...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Implementation of MHMIP and Comparing the Performance With MIP and DHMIP in Mobile Networks

    Managing the mobility efficiently in wireless networks causes critical issue, in order to support mobile users. To support global mobility in IP networks the Mobile Internet Protocol (MIP) has been proposed. The Hierarchical MIP (HMIP) and Dynamic HMIP (DHMIP) strategies are also proposed for providing high signaling delay. The authors'...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    CMA Channel Equalization Through an Adaptive MMSE Equalizer Based RLS Algorithm

    The adaptive algorithm has been widely used in the digital signal processing like channel estimation, channel equalization, echo cancellation, and so on. One of the most important adaptive algorithms is the RLS algorithm. The authors present in this paper n multiple objective optimization approach to fast blind channel equalization. By...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    An Efficient Authentication Protocol for Security in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) is a collection of mobile nodes that communicate by forming a network dynamically that lacks fixed infrastructure and centralized control. Secure routing is of at most importance in such networks because of dynamically changing topologies, absence of centralized monitoring points and lack of clear lines...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Simulation of DSDV Protocol

    An ad-hoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of Mobile Hosts without the required intervention of any centralized Access Point. This Application is the innovative design for the operation of such ad-hoc networks. The basic idea of the design is to operate each Mobile Host as a specialized...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Preemptive Routing & Intrusion Detection for MANETs

    An ad-hoc network will often change rapidly in topology, this courses for routes in the network to often disappear and new to arise. The Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol(AODV), is based on the principle of discover routes as needed. In this paper, the authors will extend the definition of...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Embedded Smart Car Security System on Face Detection

    In this proposed embedded car security system, FDS (Face Detection System) is used to detect the face of the driver and compare it with the predefined face. For example, in the night when the car's owner is sleeping and someone theft the car then FDS obtains images by one tiny...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    GPS Based Bluetooth Broadcasting - Long Range Solution

    In this paper, GPS based Bluetooth broadcasting for long range is proposed. System model for Long range broadcasting of messages with multiple piconets and dynamically created threshold devices, based on GPS information is presented. The authors' simulation results have shown that, message can be received by those devices which are...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Min Max Normalization Based Data Perturbation Method for Privacy Protection

    Data mining system contain large amount of private and sensitive data such as healthcare, financial and criminal records. These private and sensitive data can not be share to every one, so privacy protection of data is required in data mining system for avoiding privacy leakage of data. Data perturbation is...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Multi-Gigabit Pattern for Data in Network Security

    In the current scenario network security is emerging the world. Matching large sets of patterns against an incoming stream of data is a fundamental task in several fields such as network security or computational biology. High-speed network Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) rely on efficient pattern matching techniques to analyze the...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    VANET: Performance Comparison of BNGF Method in Different Vehicular Traffic Scenarios

    A Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork (VANET) is a wireless ad hoc network that is formed between vehicles on an on demand basis. A lot of research work around the world is being conducted to design the routing protocols for VANETs. In this paper, the authors examine the significance Greedy Forwarding...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Designing of an Automated Power Meter Reading With Zigbee Communication

    This paper presents the design and implementation of Automatic Power Meter (APM), The APM is implemented using an ARM and Zigbee Based power meter Communication Module. The design presents a new methodology for avoiding the high construction and maintenance costs in the existing meter reading technology. Using an APM with...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    A Modified Approach to the New Lossless Data Compression Method

    This paper proposed the modified approach to the new lossless data compression method. It is developed based on hiding data reversibly with a location map. It performs same as the earlier algorithm but it stands on lossless strategy where as the former approach could not do it. It can compress...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Extending UML for Multidimensional Modeling in Data Warehouse

    Multidimensional modeling is the foundation of data warehouses, MD databases, and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) applications. Nowadays Dimensional modeling and object-orientation are becoming growing interest areas. In the past few years; there have been many proposals, for representing the MD properties at the conceptual level. However, none of them has...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Fast and Scalable Pattern Matching for Memory Architecture

    Multi-pattern matching is known to require intensive memory accesses and is often a performance bottleneck. Hence, specialized hardware-accelerated algorithms are being developed for line-speed packet processing. While several pattern matching algorithms have already been developed for such applications, the authors find that most of them suffer from scalability issues. They...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Multiplier Design and Performance Estimation With Distributed Arithmetic Algorithm

    A new architecture of Multiplier-and-Accumulator (MAC) for high-speed arithmetic. By combining multiplication with accumulation and devising a hybrid type of Carry Save Adder (CSA), the performance was improved. Since the accumulator that has the largest delay in MAC was merged into CSA, the overall performance was elevated. The proposed CSA...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Implementation of Memory Less Based Low-Complexity CODECS

    In this paper, the authors present a CODEC design for two classes of Crosstalk Avoidance Codes (CACs), Forbidden Pattern Codes (FPCs) and Forbidden Transition Codes (FTCs). Their mapping and coding scheme is based on the Fibonacci numeral system and the mathematical analysis shows that all numbers can be represented by...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    A Novel Decode-Aware Compression Technique for Improved Compression and Decompression

    With compressed bit streams, more configuration information can be stored using the same memory. The access delay is also reduced, because less bits need to be transferred through the memory interface. To measure the efficiency of bit stream compression, Compression Ratio (CR) is widely used as a metric. It is...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Embedded Programmable Web-Based ECG Monitoring & Detection System Using a Fast Algorithm

    The physicians have to interpret this large amount of ECG data to search for only a few abnormal beats in the ECG. Physicians may overlook some abnormal cycles due to fatigue and human error in interpreting such a large amount of data. Therefore, there is an urgent need for an...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A UML Framework for Socially Responsive Resource Usage Protocol

    Everything available in the people environment which can be used to satisfy their needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'Resource'. Therefore, planning is essentially required for judicious use of resources. It has importance in a country like India, which has enormous...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Automata for Web Services Fault Monitoring and Diagnosis

    Like any software, web service fault management is also required to go through different phases of fault management lifecycle. Model based diagnosis has been a well established practice for its several positive aspects including cognitively being better understood by development and testing teams. Automata is a simple and formally well...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    STM: Lock-Free Synchronization

    Current parallel programming uses low-level programming constructs like threads and explicit synchronization (for example, locks, semaphores and monitors) to coordinate thread execution which makes these programs difficult to design, program and debug. In this paper, the authors present Software Transactional Memory (STM) which is a promising new approach for programming...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Checkpointing Orchestrated Web Services

    Web Services are built on service-oriented architecture which is based on the notion of building applications by discovering and orchestrating services available on the web. Complex business processes can be realized by discovering and orchestrating already available services on the web. In order to make these orchestrated web services resilient...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Tracking of Moving Object in Wireless Sensor Network

    A Wireless Sensor Network is a collection of sensor nodes distributed into a network to monitor the environmental conditions and send the sensed data to the Base Station. Wireless Sensor Network is one of the rapidly developing area in which energy consumption is the most important aspect to be considered...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Public Key Distribution and Broadcast Authentication Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    In wireless sensor networks, broadcast communication is the most fundamental and prevailing communication pattern. Securing the broadcast messages from the adversary is critical issue. To defend the WSNs against the adversary attacks of impersonation of a broadcast source or receiver, modification/fabrication of the broadcast message, attacker injecting malicious traffic to...

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