Interscience Open Access Journals

Displaying 281-320 of 428 results

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Clustering Algorithms for High Dimensional Data - A Survey of Issues and Existing Approaches

    Clustering is the most prominent data mining technique used for grouping the data into clusters based on distance measures. With the advent growth of high dimensional data such as microarray gene expression data, and grouping high dimensional data into clusters will encounter the similarity between the objects in the full...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Requisite for Web Usage Mining - A Survey

    The World Wide Web (Web) has been providing an important and indispensable platform for receiving information and disseminating information as well as interacting with society on the Internet. With its astronomical growth over the past decade, the web becomes huge, diverse and dynamic. The application of data mining techniques to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A Lime Light on the Emerging Trends of Web Mining

    The World Wide Web is a huge, information center for a variety of applications. Web contains a dynamic and rich collection of hyperlink information. It allows Web page access, usage of information and provides numerous sources for data mining. The goal of Web mining is to discover the pattern of...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A Novel Traffic Tracking System Based on Division of Video Into Frames and Processing

    This paper is to visualize and analyze video. Videos are sequence of image frames. In this work, algorithm will be developed to analyze a frame and the same will be applied to all frames in a video. It is expected see unwanted objects in video frame, which can be removed...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Mechanism to Mitigate Application Layer DDoS Attack With a Light Weight Trust Approach

    New application layer DDoS attacks is a continuous critical threat to which network layer solutions is not applicable as attackers are indistinguishable based on packets or protocols. The increase in Internet-based transactions and communications offers new opportunities for hackers to disrupt business operations with DDoS attacks to prevent legitimate users...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Facial Expression Recognition System Using Facial Characteristic Points and ID3

    Facial expression is one of the most powerful, natural, and abrupt means for human beings which have the knack to communicate emotion and regulate inter-personal behaviour. In this paper, the authors present a novel approach for facial expression detection using decision tree. Facial expression information is mostly concentrate on facial...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Implementation of MHMIP and Comparing the Performance With MIP and DHMIP in Mobile Networks

    Managing the mobility efficiently in wireless networks causes critical issue, in order to support mobile users. To support global mobility in IP networks the Mobile Internet Protocol (MIP) has been proposed. The Hierarchical MIP (HMIP) and Dynamic HMIP (DHMIP) strategies are also proposed for providing high signaling delay. The authors'...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    CMA Channel Equalization Through an Adaptive MMSE Equalizer Based RLS Algorithm

    The adaptive algorithm has been widely used in the digital signal processing like channel estimation, channel equalization, echo cancellation, and so on. One of the most important adaptive algorithms is the RLS algorithm. The authors present in this paper n multiple objective optimization approach to fast blind channel equalization. By...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    An Efficient Authentication Protocol for Security in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) is a collection of mobile nodes that communicate by forming a network dynamically that lacks fixed infrastructure and centralized control. Secure routing is of at most importance in such networks because of dynamically changing topologies, absence of centralized monitoring points and lack of clear lines...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Simulation of DSDV Protocol

    An ad-hoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of Mobile Hosts without the required intervention of any centralized Access Point. This Application is the innovative design for the operation of such ad-hoc networks. The basic idea of the design is to operate each Mobile Host as a specialized...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Preemptive Routing & Intrusion Detection for MANETs

    An ad-hoc network will often change rapidly in topology, this courses for routes in the network to often disappear and new to arise. The Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol(AODV), is based on the principle of discover routes as needed. In this paper, the authors will extend the definition of...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Embedded Smart Car Security System on Face Detection

    In this proposed embedded car security system, FDS (Face Detection System) is used to detect the face of the driver and compare it with the predefined face. For example, in the night when the car's owner is sleeping and someone theft the car then FDS obtains images by one tiny...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Goal Programming Approach for Selection of COTS Components in Designing a Fault Tolerant Modular Software System under Consensus Recovery Block Scheme

    The application of computer systems has now crossed many different fields. Systems are becoming more software intensive. The requirements of the customer for a more reliable software led to the fact that software reliability is now an important research area. One method to improve software reliability is by the application...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    SMS Text Compression Through IDBE (Intelligent Dictionary Based Encoding) for Effective Mobile Storage Utilization

    Effective storage utilization is the key concept for better working of any operating system. Even operating systems used for mobile phones are not an exception for this fact. This paper proposes a technique for maximizing the utilization of the storage space present in mobile phones. Thus, it is important to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Secure Efficient On-Demand Insider Attacks Multicast Routing Protocol in Wireless Networks

    Wireless multicast routing send and receives the data source to destination. High error rates, unfixed and changeable self of the signal power and broadcast change with time and environment regularly result in not effective links. These services more weak to internal attacks coming from compromised nodes that behave randomly to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Spectral Minutiae Fingerprint Recognition System

    Biometrics refers to the automatic recognition of individuals based on their physiological and/or behavioral characteristics, such as faces, finger prints, iris, and gait. In this paper, the authors focus on the application of finger print recognition system. The spectral minutiae fingerprint recognition is a method to represent a minutiae set...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Modeling and Simulation of a Single Phase Matrix Converter With Reduce Switch Count as a Buck/Boost Rectifier With Close Loop Control

    This Paper focused on Buck/Boost Rectification by Single Phase Matrix Converter with fewer numbers of switches. The conventional matrix converter consists of 4 bidirectional switches, i.e., 8 set of IGBT/MOSFET with anti parallel diodes. In this proposed matrix converter, only six switches are used. The switch commutation arrangements are also...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    A Modified Approach to the New Lossless Data Compression Method

    This paper proposed the modified approach to the new lossless data compression method. It is developed based on hiding data reversibly with a location map. It performs same as the earlier algorithm but it stands on lossless strategy where as the former approach could not do it. It can compress...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Min Max Normalization Based Data Perturbation Method for Privacy Protection

    Data mining system contain large amount of private and sensitive data such as healthcare, financial and criminal records. These private and sensitive data can not be share to every one, so privacy protection of data is required in data mining system for avoiding privacy leakage of data. Data perturbation is...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    GPS Based Bluetooth Broadcasting - Long Range Solution

    In this paper, GPS based Bluetooth broadcasting for long range is proposed. System model for Long range broadcasting of messages with multiple piconets and dynamically created threshold devices, based on GPS information is presented. The authors' simulation results have shown that, message can be received by those devices which are...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Multi-Gigabit Pattern for Data in Network Security

    In the current scenario network security is emerging the world. Matching large sets of patterns against an incoming stream of data is a fundamental task in several fields such as network security or computational biology. High-speed network Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) rely on efficient pattern matching techniques to analyze the...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    VANET: Performance Comparison of BNGF Method in Different Vehicular Traffic Scenarios

    A Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork (VANET) is a wireless ad hoc network that is formed between vehicles on an on demand basis. A lot of research work around the world is being conducted to design the routing protocols for VANETs. In this paper, the authors examine the significance Greedy Forwarding...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    A Soft Computing Platform for Minimizing the Bullwhip Effect

    An unmanaged supply chain is not inherently stable. The bullwhip effect occurs when the demand order variability's in the supply chain are amplified as they moved up the supply chain. Distorted information from one end of a supply chain to the other can lead to tremendous inefficiencies. In this paper...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Reduction of Context Switches Due to Task Synchronization in Uniprocessor and Multiprocessor Platform

    The problem of frequent context switches in multitasking is a real scheduling overhead which wastes extra CPU cycles, memory and causes much delay in scheduling. This paper focuses on reducing the context switches that result due to blocking when jobs are required to synchronize. The Priority Ceiling Protocol (PCP) is...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Performance Analysis of ESPRIT Algorithm for Smart Antenna System

    ESPRIT is a high-resolution signal parameter estimation technique based on the translational invariance structure of a sensor array. The ESPRIT algorithm is an attractive solution to many parameter estimation problems due to its low computational cost. The performance of DOA using estimation signal parameter via a rotational invariant technique is...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Development of a Fuzzy Logic Based Software for Automation of a Single Pool Irrigation Canal

    A fuzzy logic based software for automation of a single pool irrigation canal is presented. Purpose of the software is to control downstream discharge and water level of the canal, by adjusting discharge release from the upstream end and upstream gate settings. The software is developed on a fuzzy control...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    A High Performance DDR3 SDRAM Controller

    The paper presents the implementation of compliant DDR3 memory controller. It discusses the overall architecture of the DDR3 controller along with the detailed design and operation of its individual sub blocks, the pipelining implemented in the design to increase the design throughput. It also discusses the advantages of DDR3 memories...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    EARM: An Efficient and Adaptive File Replication With Consistency Maintenance in P2P Systems

    In p2p systems, file replication and replica consistency maintenance are most widely used techniques for better system performance. Most of the file replication methods replicates file in all nodes or at two ends in a client-server query path or close to the server, leading to low replica utilization, produces unnecessary...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Proposed Design for Circular Antenna and Half Ring Antenna for UWB Application

    In this paper, Ultra wideband planar circular patch and half circular ring patch antennas are proposed. These newly simulated structures are proposed for fabrication. The antennas are suitable for operating frequency of 7.5 GHz. It is shown that return loss of the both the antennas at 7.5 GHz is better...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    MBER Space Time Equalization Assisted Multiuser Detection

    A novel Minimum Bit-Error Rate (MBER) Space-Time-Equalization (STE)-based Multi-User Detector (MUD) is proposed for multiple-receive-antenna-assisted space-division multiple-access systems. It is shown that the MBER-STE-aided MUD significantly outperforms the standard minimum mean-square error design in terms of the achievable Bit-Error Rate (BER). Adaptive implementations of the MBER STE are considered, and...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A New Implementation of Attribute Reduction Using Quick Relative Reduct Algorithm

    Knowledge discovery or data mining is the process of finding previously unknown and potentially interesting patterns and relations in large databases. The so-called \"Curse of dimensionality\" pertinent to many learning algorithms, denotes the drastic increase in computational complexity and classification error with data having a great number of dimensions. Beside...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A Framework for Semantic Web Mining Model

    The web is transforming from a web of data to web services. This trend is provided to compose the services from existing services. Service mining framework is used to find the web services from existing services. This framework is a seven step process to find services but this model finds...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Comparisons Various Versions of GridFTP Protocols

    The GridFTP protocol has become a popular data movement tool used to build distributed grid-oriented applications. The GridFTP protocol extends the FTP protocol defined by and extended in some other IETF documents by adding certain features designed to improve the performance of data movement over a wide area network, to...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A Study of Artifical Intelligence in Intrusion Detection Systems

    Artificial Intelligence could make the use of Intrusion Detection Systems a lot easier than it is today. They could learn the preferences of the security officers and show the kind of alerts first that the officer has previously been most interested. As always, the hardest thing with learning AIs, is...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    A Attack on E-Mail Encryption Protocols by Chosen Ciphertext Method

    Several security protocols (PGP, PEM, MOSS, S/MIME, PKCS#7, CMS, etc.) have been developed to provide confidentiality and authentication of electronic mail. These protocols are widely used and trusted for private communication over the Internet. The authors point out a potentially serious security hole in these protocols: any encrypted message can...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    An Extensive Simulation Analysis of AODV Protocol With IEEE 802.11 MAC for Chain Topology in MANET

    A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) represents system of wireless mobile nodes that can self-organize freely and dynamically into arbitrary and temporary network topology. Routing is the task of directing data packets from a source node to a given destination. The main method for evaluating the performance of MANETs is...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Analysis of Complexities for finding efficient Association Rule Mining Algorithms

    Several algorithms for association rule mining, have been implemented including a variation of Apriori, an algorithm using hash functions for finding large 2-itemsets and 3-itemsets and direct search method for finding other large k-itemsets, and another variation of Eclat algorithm using perfect hash functions for 2-itemsets and 3-itemsets and the...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Association Rule Mining Using Mapping on Frequent 1- itemsets

    The a priori algorithm for association rule mining is time consuming in the initial stages of the algorithm since usually large number of candidate itemsets is generated. To cope with this, several alternatives are suggested using hash functions. The authors provide a method to arrive at hash functions for 2-itemsets...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Comparatively Analysis of Fix and Dynamic Size Frequent Pattern Discovery Methods Using in Web Personalisation

    In this paper, the authors study and analysis of two methods of data mining. One is fix sized pattern discovery and second method dynamic size pattern discovery method. A fixed sized pattern discovery method is a prori method. Which is also called step by step frequent pattern mining. And variable...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    An Efficient and Secure Key Management Scheme for Hierarchical Access Control Based on ECC

    In a key management scheme for hierarchy based access control, each security class having higher clearance can derive the cryptographic secret keys of its other security classes having lower clearances. In 2006 Jeng-Wang proposed an efficient scheme on access control in user hierarchy based on elliptic curve cryptosystem. Their scheme...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Extending UML for Multidimensional Modeling in Data Warehouse

    Multidimensional modeling is the foundation of data warehouses, MD databases, and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) applications. Nowadays Dimensional modeling and object-orientation are becoming growing interest areas. In the past few years; there have been many proposals, for representing the MD properties at the conceptual level. However, none of them has...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    The Impact of Calls to the Processor on a Server PABX

    This paper is to define the relationship between the number of calls made in an Asterisk server and use of the processor in this server as the processor is one of the major hardware resources. Subsequently, the authors derived the formulation for the generalization of this relationship or a mathematical...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    A Goal Driven Framework for Service Discovery in Service-Oriented Architecture: A Multiagent Based Approach

    Automated service discovery is one of the very important features in any Semantic Web Service (SWS) based framework. Achieving this functionality in e-resource sharing system is not an easy task due to its hugeness and heterogeneity among the available resources. Any efficient automated service discovery will remain worthless until discovered...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Web-Based Tool for Automatic Assignment Evaluation

    The demands for teachers in most educational institutions are continually increasing. Teachers have to teach an increasing number of students every year while simultaneously providing meaningful and constructive feedback and correcting assignments in a minimal amount of time. Consequently, results and assessment of student's progress can be considerably delayed. The...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Evaluating XPath Expressions on Light Weight BitCube

    XML has become a popular way of storing data and hence has also become a new standard for exchanging and representing data on internet. Many techniques have been proposed for indexing and retrieval of XML documents such as XTree, BitCube. In this paper a indexing structure known as Light Weight...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    An Area Efficient 32-Bit Carry-Select Adder for Low Power Applications

    CSLA is used in many computational systems to alleviate the problem of carry propagation delay by independently generating multiple carries and then select a carry to generate the sum. However, the CSLA is not area efficient because it uses multiple pairs of Ripple Carry Adders (RCA) to generate partial sum...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Edge-Triggered Pulsed Sequential Elements With SoC Applications

    The System-On-Chip (SoC) design is integrating hundreds of millions of transistors on one chip, whereas packaging and cooling only have a limited ability to remove the excess heat. In this paper, various design techniques for a low power clocking system are surveyed. Among them is an effective way to reduce...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Load Balancing in Computational Grids Using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm

    Grid computing is the combination of computer resources from multiple administrative domains for a common goal. Load balancing is one of the critical issues that must be considered in managing a grid computing environment. It is complicated due to the distributed and heterogeneous nature of the resources. An ant colony...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Novel Techniques to Eradicate Energy Inefficiencies That Abbreviate the Lifetime of the Cell Phone Based WSNs

    The cell phone based WSN of compressed micro-sensors for data acquirement and supervise some surroundings distinctiveness, such as noise, trembling, temperature, and strain. These sensors are entrenched devices accomplished of data communication. In numerous of applications, sensor nodes are deployed over a geo-graphically large region. Due to their configuration, data...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Clustering Based Classification and Analysis of Data

    This paper presents clustering based document classification and analysis of data. The proposed clustering based classification and analysis of data approach is based on unsupervised and supervised document classification. In this paper unsupervised document and supervised document classification are used. In this approach document collection, text preprocessing, feature selection, indexing,...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Exploiting Data Mining Techniques for Improving the Efficiency of Time Series Data

    The research work in data mining has achieved a high attraction due to the importance of its applications This paper addresses some theoretical and practical aspects on Exploiting Data Mining Techniques for Improving the Efficiency of Time Series Data using SPSS-CLEMENTINE. This paper can be helpful for an organization or...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Enhanced Security in Cloud With Multi-Level Intrusion Detection System

    Cloud computing is a new type of service which provides large scale computing resource to each customer. Cloud Computing Systems can be easily threatened by various cyber attacks, because most of Cloud computing system needs to contain some Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) for protecting each Virtual Machine (VM) against threats....

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    A Novel Approach for Information Security With Automatic Variable Key Using Fibonacci Q-Matrix

    Information security is essential nowadays. Large number of cipher generation and decryption algorithms exists and are being evolved due to increasing demand of users and e-commerce services. In this paper, the authors propose a new approach for secure information transmission over communication channel with key variability concept in symmetric key...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    An Ant Colony Optimization for Job Scheduling to Minimize Makespan Time

    This paper deals with the make span minimization for Job Scheduling. Research on optimization techniques of the Job Scheduling Problem (JSP) is one of the most significant and promising areas of an optimization. Instead of the traditional optimization method, this paper presents an investigation into the use of an Ant...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Network Reconfiguration in Distribution System by Software Simulation for Loss Reduction

    The main aim of the distribution companies is to reduce their operating costs to get ahead of competition. One of the most popular approach is to increase the degree of reliability of distribution system. The management of network defeats (e.g., earth fault and short circuits) offers a lot of feasibilities...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Secure Framework in Data Processing for Mobile Cloud Computing

    Generally Mobile Cloud storage enables users to remotely store their data and enjoy the on-demand high quality cloud applications without the burden of local hardware and software management. Though the benefits are clear, such a service is also relinquishing users 'Physical possession of their outsourced data, which inevitably poses new...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Resilient GIA

    The core activity of any P2P system is File Sharing. In any system where many peers are connected, several replicas of same file may be present but the challenge, especially in an unstructured p2p overlay, is to make sure that there exist certain copies of the latest version for performing...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    A Fuzzy Implementation of Biometrics With Five Factor Authentication System for Secured Banking

    Remote authentication is the most commonly used method to determine the identity of a remote client. Secure and efficient authentication scheme has been a very important issue with the development of networking technologies. In a Generic Framework for Authentication, preserving security and privacy in distributed systems provide three factors for...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Normalized Transfer of Bulk Data By Using UDP in Dedicated Networks

    High speed bulk data transfer is an important part of many data-intensive scientific applications. TCP fails for the transfer of large amounts of data over long distance across high-speed dedicated network links. Due to system hardware is incapable of saturating the bandwidths supported by the network and rise buffer overflow...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    End-to-End Delay Optimization in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)

    In this paper, the authors are interested in optimizing the delay of event-driven wireless sensor networks, for which events does not occur frequently. In such systems, most of the energy is consumed when the radios are on, waiting for an arrival to occur. Sleep-wake scheduling is an effective mechanism to...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Performance Evaluation of Extended AODV Using Different Scenarios

    The mobile ad hoc networks have become a major component of the future network development due to their ease of deployment, self configurability; flexibility and independence on any existing network infrastructure Mobile ad-hoc network have the attributes such as wireless connection, continuously changing topology, distributed operation and ease of deployment....

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Development of Empirical Mode Decomposition

    In this paper, one of the tasks for which empirical mode decomposition is potentially useful is nonparametric signal denoising, an area for which wavelet thresholding has been the dominant technique for many years. In this paper, the wavelet thresholding principle is used in the decomposition modes resulting from applying EMD...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    QoS Routing in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks Using Agents

    Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning in a Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANETs) routing for multimedia traffic is a challenging task due to dynamic topology of such networks. Fuzzy Logic (FL) was used for QoS prediction from current uncertain QoS constraints in the network for particular applications, from these uncertain constraints there...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    An Efficient Key Management Scheme for Secure Data Access Control in Wireless Broadcast Services

    Wireless broadcast is an effective approach to disseminate data to a number of users. To provide secure access to data in wireless broadcast services, symmetric key - based encryption is used to ensure that only users who own the valid keys can decrypt the data. Regarding various subscriptions, an efficient...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Quality of Service Based Handover Approach in a WLAN Network

    As the technology is improving so are the demands of end users and their applications increasing. A wide variety of new applications are being invented daily. These applications have different demands from the underlying network protocol suite. High bandwidth internet connectivity has become a basic requirement to the success of...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Dual-Hop OSTBC Transmissions Over Fading Channels Under Receiver Phase Noise for Regenerative Systems

    Space-time coding for fading channels is a Communication technique that realizes the diversity benefits of multiple transmit antennas. Previous work in this area has focused on the narrowband flat fading case where spatial diversity only is available. In this paper, the authors investigate the use of space-time coding in OFDM...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Route Request Flooding Attack Using Trust Based Security Scheme in Manet

    In recent years, the use of Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) has been widespread in many applications, including some mission critical applications, and as such security has become one of the major concerns in MANETs. A mobile ad hoc network is set up with a group of mobile wireless nodes...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Capacity Enhancement in WLAN Using MIMO

    Increasing demand for high-performance 4G broadband wireless is enabled by the use of multiple antennas at both transmitter and receiver ends. Multiple antenna technologies enable high capacities suited for Internet and multimedia services, and also dramatically increase range and reliability. The combination of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) signal processing with Orthogonal...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Distributed Computing for Ubiquitous Systems

    Distributed computing provides a strong foundation on top of which a powerful ubiquitous system can be realized. However, distributed computing is not solely sufficient for the ubiquitous systems - a completely new era of computer world which is not based on the conventional mainframes or PCs but on the virtually...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Analysis and Design of Circular Shape Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Communication System

    The circular microstrip antenna element is formed by radiating disk closely spaced above a ground plane. It is modeled as a cylindrical cavity with magnetic walls which can be resonant in the transverse magnetic modes. This circular shape microstrip antenna is analysed using cavity model and fields within the cylindrical...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Mining Wireless Sensor Network Data: An Adaptive Approach Based on Artificial Neural Networks Algorithm

    This paper proposes a layered modular architecture to adaptively perform data mining tasks in large sensor networks. The architecture consists in a lower layer which performs data aggregation in a modular fashion and in an upper layer which employs an adaptive local learning technique to extract a prediction model from...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Network Management System for (FUTON-Like) Radio-Over-Fiber Infrastructure

    EU-Project FUTON Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) infrastructure proposes high transmission rates at small antenna costs, implying competitive CAPEX for next generation networks. But to be cost-efficient, it needs to employ new network architectures and intelligent technology solutions for decreasing network operational costs. The RoF Network Manager manages the network equipment on the...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    An Improvement in Stability of MANET Using Flow Admission Control Algorithm

    An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any centralized administration or standard support services. However, flows transported across mobile ad hoc wireless networks suffer from route breakups caused by nodal mobility. In a network that aims to support...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Soft Clustering: An Overview

    Document clustering has been extensively investigated as a methodology for improving document retrieval process. In Traditional clustering algorithm each documents belongs to exactly one cluster & hence cannot detect the multiple themes of a document where as soft clustering algorithm each document can belong to multiple clusters. This paper gives...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Fast and Scalable Pattern Matching for Memory Architecture

    Multi-pattern matching is known to require intensive memory accesses and is often a performance bottleneck. Hence, specialized hardware-accelerated algorithms are being developed for line-speed packet processing. While several pattern matching algorithms have already been developed for such applications, the authors find that most of them suffer from scalability issues. They...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Multiplier Design and Performance Estimation With Distributed Arithmetic Algorithm

    A new architecture of Multiplier-and-Accumulator (MAC) for high-speed arithmetic. By combining multiplication with accumulation and devising a hybrid type of Carry Save Adder (CSA), the performance was improved. Since the accumulator that has the largest delay in MAC was merged into CSA, the overall performance was elevated. The proposed CSA...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Implementation of Memory Less Based Low-Complexity CODECS

    In this paper, the authors present a CODEC design for two classes of Crosstalk Avoidance Codes (CACs), Forbidden Pattern Codes (FPCs) and Forbidden Transition Codes (FTCs). Their mapping and coding scheme is based on the Fibonacci numeral system and the mathematical analysis shows that all numbers can be represented by...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    A Novel Decode-Aware Compression Technique for Improved Compression and Decompression

    With compressed bit streams, more configuration information can be stored using the same memory. The access delay is also reduced, because less bits need to be transferred through the memory interface. To measure the efficiency of bit stream compression, Compression Ratio (CR) is widely used as a metric. It is...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Embedded Programmable Web-Based ECG Monitoring & Detection System Using a Fast Algorithm

    The physicians have to interpret this large amount of ECG data to search for only a few abnormal beats in the ECG. Physicians may overlook some abnormal cycles due to fatigue and human error in interpreting such a large amount of data. Therefore, there is an urgent need for an...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    A UML Framework for Socially Responsive Resource Usage Protocol

    Everything available in the people environment which can be used to satisfy their needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'Resource'. Therefore, planning is essentially required for judicious use of resources. It has importance in a country like India, which has enormous...

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