IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 441-480 of 498 results

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Improving Computational Efficiency of Tentative Data Set

    The aim of data mining is to find novel, interesting and useful patterns from data using algorithms that will do it in a way that is more computational efficient than previous method. Current data mining practice is very much driven by practical computational concerns. In focusing almost exclusively on computational...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Digital Radio Over Fiber Link to Overcome Impairments in Fiber Wireless Networks

    In order to meet the ever increasing demand for larger transmission bandwidth, Wireless network based on radio-over-fiber technologies is a very beneficial solution. This architecture provides flexibility, mobility and high Bandwidth. A digitized RF-over-Fiber transmission scheme based on Band-pass Sampling theory is being introduced. Various Impairments of Analog Radio over...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Adaptive Coding and Energy Efficient Packet Rate Transmission Over Wireless LAN Friendly VOIP

    Energy efficiency takes important in wireless communication systems where networked low-power devices relying on batteries should be able to communicate transparently. Current wireless network power management often substantially degrades performance and may increase overall energy usage when used with latency-sensitive applications. The authors propose power management that adapts its behavior...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Concealing Encrypted Iris Templates in Images Using Quantized DCT Coefficients

    In this paper, the authors introduce a novel steganography-based approach to protect the iris data by hiding it into a digital image for personal identification purpose. Transformations are done to encrypt the biometric data before hiding. JPEG quantization blocks in diagonal sequence are investigated for exploring an efficient hiding algorithm...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Cloud Agile Manufacturing

    In this paper, the authors propose a new manufacturing paradigm called Cloud Agile Manufacturing, and its principal objective is to offer industrial production systems as a service. Thus users can access any functionality available in the cloud of manufacturing (process design, production, management, business integration, factories virtualization, etc.) without knowledge...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Component Identification From Existing Object Oriented System Using Hierarchical Clustering

    One of the important tasks in software engineering is software architecture modeling. High level software architecture is useful in all phases of software life cycle. Component based software architecture is beneficial as it is useful for reusing system parts represented as components. Most of the existing object-oriented systems do not...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Preserving Privacy in Horizontally Partitioned Databases Using Hierarchical Model

    Now-a-days, business organizations and government sectors need to maintain large amounts of data to be integrated in distributed databases for storing from scientific experiments, daily transactions in businesses etc. The data may contain personal information as well. It is necessary to preserve information about the individuals in many organizations. So...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    A Study on Performance Evaluation of Peer-to-Peer Distributed Databases

    The design phase of the distributed database environment holds a vital part in affecting the performance. The Peer-to-Peer architecture gives a great degree of hope to handle the data in an efficient manner. This paper analyses a cluster based Peer-to-Peer architecture named FlexiPeer for the distributed databases to address the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Security Against Selective Forward Attack in Wireless Sensor Network

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are being increasingly deployed for various applications such as object tracking and monitoring, precision agriculture, controlling nuclear reactors, detecting seismic activities, security and surveillance, navigational activities, industrial automation, and so on. In selective forwarding attack, malicious nodes may refuse to forward certain messages and simply drop...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Transmission of MIMO - OFDM Signal Using Optical Link

    Wireless networks have quickly become part of everyday life. Wireless LANs, cell phone networks, and personal area networks are just a few examples of widely used wireless networks. However, wireless devices are range and data rate limited. The research community has spent a great deal of effort on finding ways...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Cryptography Playfair Cipher Using Linear Feedback Shift Register

    In this paper, the authors present a new approach for secure transmission of message by modified version of Play fair cipher combining with random number generator methods. To develop this method of encryption technique, one of the simplest methods of random number generator methods called Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR)...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Designing a Secure Protocol for Mobile Voting Through SMS

    In this paper, the authors cover a novel scheme to solve the issue of holding fair electoral verdict indications of people in a country or in an organization through proposing the design and development of mobile voting protocol which is not only very easy to use but is also robust,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    A Study of the Modified KDD 99 Dataset by Using Classifier Ensembles

    Network security has been an important research area. KDD 99 dataset has been used to analyze various network security methods. However, it has been shown that this dataset has redundant data points that make the analysis bias for these data points. New modified data sets are proposed that overcome these...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Detecting and Prevention Cross -Site Scripting Techniques

    Cross-site scripting is one of the main problems of any Web-based service. Since Web browsers support the execution of commands embedded in Web pages to enable dynamic Web pages attackers can make use of this feature to enforce the execution of malicious code in a user's Web browser. To augment...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Hidden Web Indexing Using HDDI Framework

    There are various methods of indexing the hidden web database like novel indexing, distributed indexing or indexing using map reduce framework. The authors' goal is to find an optimized indexing technique keeping in mind the various factors like searching, distribute database, updating of web, etc. Here, they propose an optimized...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    New Trends in Real Time Operating Systems

    Most of today's embedded systems are required to work in dynamic environments, where the characteristics of the computational load cannot always be predicted in advance. Still timely responses to events have to be provided within precise timing constraints in order to guarantee a desired level of performance. Hence embedded systems...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Best Information Search Using Probabilistic Flooding in Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Networks

    The "Peer-To-Peer" (P2P) networks refer to a class of systems and applications that employ distributed resources to perform a function in a decentralized manner. Unstructured Peer-To-Peer networks do not impose any structure on the overlay networks. Peers in these networks connect in an ad-hoc fashion. Ideally, unstructured P2P systems would...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    SEP Performance of MFSK in Rician Fading Channel Based on MGF Method

    Symbol Error Probability (SEP) of non-coherent frequency shift keying over slow flat Rician fading channel is calculated with Maximal Ratio diversity Combining (MRC) technique using Moment Generating Function(MGF). The authors assume that channel side information is known to the receiver. Error performance plots of modulation technique has been drawn for...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    An Analytical Approach to S-Box Generation

    The concept of concealing the meaning of a message from all but the intended recipients is the job of a crypto system. The development of digital computers allowed the complexity of encryption algorithms to increase and to be used in a wide range of applications, including civilian use. This paper...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Implementation of Fault Tolerant Architecture in Decentralized Intrusion Detection System

    The aim of this paper is to detect anomalous usage of legitimate applications by authorized users in Windows environment and to implement a fault - tolerant architecture which can continue providing detection service even in case of failure of one or more detecting servers. This paper also aims to implementing...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    2x2 Array Multiplier Based on DCVS Logic

    The Array architecture is a popular technique to implement the multipliers due to its compact structure. In this paper, 2x2 array multiplier circuits using existing full adder and DCVS logic full adder have been designed, simulated, analyzed and compared. An extensive analysis of multipliers has been done. According to the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Efficient Implementation of Ogg Vorbis Decoder Using Soft Core Processor

    In this paper, the authors describe a design of Ogg vorbis decoder for an embedded platform. Ogg vorbis is an audio compression format developed by the Xiph.Org foundation, a non-profit organization working in the area of Internet multimedia technology. Since ogg vorbis decoding process incurs high computational complexity, a software...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Video Surveillance Based Traffic Monitoring System

    Visual analysis is concerned with detection and analysis of a target object in a sequential stream of images. While many algorithms are successful to detect objects effectively in controlled environments, they get bugged with the variations of the object's appearance or with the surrounding change. The ability to reliably detect...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Simulation Based Comparative Performance Study of AODV, DSR and ZRP in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) Using Qualnet 5.0.2

    A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes forming a temporary network without using any centralized access point, infrastructure, or centralized administration of the mobile networks .Data transmission between two nodes requires multiple hops as nodes transmission range is limited in Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANET's). Mobility...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Implementation of Unified Architecture of 802.11a and 802.16a PHY Layers Using Verilog HDL (R & D)

    WiFi and WiMAX are the well developed and standardized technologies working on OFDM platform. Their physical layer architecture are much similar accept WiMAX physical layer has RS encoder & decoder at transmitter and receiver respectively. WiFi and WiMAX are widely used wireless technologies for accessing internet. This paper elaborates the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Minimization of Time & Cost Factors with Optimized Program-States Using Exception-Handling Constructs in Java (During Analysis and Testing of Programs)

    It has been observed that 80% of development time and a lots of memory space is spend over handling the abnormal conditions and exceptions in any programming environment. It also affects the cost factor of program development also. The support for precise exceptions in optimizing Java program states, combined with...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Semantic Web Crawler Based on Lexical Database

    Crawlers are basic entity that makes search engine to work efficiently in World Wide Web. Semantic concept is implied into the search engine to provide precise and constricted search results which is required by end users of Internet. Search engine could be enhanced in searching mechanism through semantic lexical database...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Evaluation of Green Supply Chain Management Strategies Using Fuzzy AHP and TOPSIS

    In this paper, the authors present a new decision making approach for group multi-criteria evaluation for green supply chain management strategies, which clubs green procurement, manufacturing, green service to customer and environmental management process with order allocation for dynamic supply chains to cope market variations. More specifically, the developed approach...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Performance of TCP, UDP and SCTP on Sensor Network with Different Data Reporting Intervals

    The performance of the congestion control algorithms of most of the reliable transport protocol of internet, particularly wireless networks and mobile ad-hoc networks, are not satisfactory under a high density sensor network applications, since they are designed mainly for wired networks and not for sensor networks. In this paper, the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Throughtput Competitive Advance Reservation Using Polynomial Time

    In response to the high throughput needs of grid and cloud computing applications, several production networks have recently started to support advance reservation of dedicated circuits. An important open problem within this paper is to devise advance reservation algorithms that can provide provable throughput performance guarantees independently of the specific...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Information Integration for Heterogeneous Data Sources

    Information retrieval from heterogeneous information systems is required but challenging at the same as data is stored and represented in different data models in different information systems. Information integrated from heterogeneous data sources into single data source are faced upon by major challenge of information transformation-were in different formats and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Integrating Virtual Reality in Education Using Intranet Grids

    In recent years there has been increase in diverse views in relation to the use of Virtual Reality (VR) to enhance learning and cognition. Besides, there has been significant growth in the use of 3D virtual worlds for e-learning and distance education. On the other hand, the advent of grid...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Optimized Self Reconfigurable Wireless Mesh Networks

    Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) are being developed actively and deployed widely for a variety of applications, such as public safety, environment monitoring, and citywide wireless Internet services. They have also been evolving in various forms e.g., using multiradio/channel systems to meet the increasing capacity demands by the above-mentioned and other...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    High Speed Current Mode Sense Amplifier for SRAM Applications

    The sense amplifier is one of the most important components of semiconductor memories used to sense stored date. This plays an important role to reduce the overall sensing delay and voltage. Earlier voltage mode sense amplifiers are used to sense the date it sense the voltage difference at bit and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Design and Analysis of Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) using Low Input Impedance Current Comparator

    Pulse width modulation is a method of controlling the amount of power to a load without having to dissipate any power in the load driver. The voltage-mode comparator is the most critical component of pulse-width modulator which dominates the accuracy of modulation process. In this paper, a new design of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    An Analysis of Optimum Software Quality Factors

    Software quality has emerged as pivotal aspects of any software development process. Quality of software depends on the process followed during its development. Factors affecting the quality of software are identified from among the quality models, on the basis of the most common, crucial and critical ones. Further, understanding of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    An Overview on Clustering Methods

    Clustering is a common technique for statistical data analysis, which is used in many fields, including machine learning, data mining, pattern recognition, image analysis and bioinformatics. Clustering is the process of grouping similar objects into different groups, or more precisely, the partitioning of a data set into subsets, so that...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Performance Analysis on Different Modulation Techniques of MIMO in Multipath Fading Channel

    This paper presents performance comparison of various modulation techniques in Rayleigh fading channel. In the comparison, the space time coding has been used. The performance comparison are made on the basis of Bit Error Rate(BER) and Symbol Error Rate(SER) performance matrices over Rayleigh fading channel with BPSK,QPSK,8PSK and QAM modulation...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Performance Analysis for Different Interleavers in Various Modulation Schemes With OFDM Over an AWGN Channel

    The next generation wireless communications systems need to be of a higher standard in order to provide the customers with the multitude of high quality services they demand. In recent years, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) has been successfully used in terrestrial digital video broadcasting and showed it is a...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Secure Data Entry in Operational Systems for Data Warehouse

    A 'Data warehouse' is a repository of an organization's electronically stored data. Emergence of huge data warehouses has also put a big challenge in these data entry processing systems. Data warehouses contain a wide variety of data that present a coherent picture of business conditions at a single point in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Civilizing Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Network Using Bacteria Foraging Algorithm

    WSN has the potentiality to join the physical world with the virtual world by creating a network of sensor nodes. Here, sensor nodes are usually battery-operated devices, and hence energy reduction of sensor nodes is a major design issue. To extend the network's lifetime, minimization of energy consumption should be...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Implementing Security on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Network: A Practical Approach

    The internet has been undergoing rapid and continuous growth over the past few years. The most significant development the telecommunication industry has witnessed is the evolution of Voice over IP technology. This technology uses the internet as a medium for transmitting voice during a telephone conversation between two or more...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Study on Various Protocols Developed Under Intrusion Detection System in Adhoc Networks

    In Computer Networks a number of security techniques provide security consolation but not up to optimal security extent. There are massive attacks and efficient viruses travel across the network which incapacitates computer system and default configuration of the operating system. Preceding techniques can capture anomalous activities and previous known attacks...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Active Source Routing Protocol in Mobile Network

    The vision of nomadic computing with its ubiquitous access has stimulated much interest in the Mobile Ad-hoc NETworking (MANET) technology. However, its proliferation strongly depends on the availability of security provisions, among other factors. The authors address the problem of secure and fault-tolerant communication in the presence of adversaries across...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Preventing Spoofing Attacks in Mobile Banking Based on User Input Pattern - Based Authentication

    Mobile banking has become very attractive and useful facility from customers and services provider point of view. However, this domain has evidenced many security threats. Attackers target this domain for financial or other benefits. In spite of many security measures being taken by mobile service providers and application providers, still...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    An Adaptive Secure Fuzzy Multicast Communication in Large Scale Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Multicast protocols in MANETs must consider control overhead for maintenance, energy efficiency of nodes and routing trees managements to frequent changes of network topology. Now-a-days Multicast protocols extended with Cluster based approach. Cluster based multicast tree formation is still research issues. The tree reconstruction of cluster-based multicast routing protocol will...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Optimization of Emergency Response System Using Cellular Network

    VANET is a specific class of Ad-hoc network. Applications of VANET vary from safety applications like warning signals, keeping safe distance among vehicles to non-safety applications like traffic congestion, route information, Internet access. Timely help in emergencies like fire, medical etc. is of utmost importance. Response time can be reduced...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Cloud Computing Framework for Ethiopian Higher Education Institutions

    Educational institutions throughout the World have become highly dependent on information technology for their teaching-learning, service delivery and business requirements. Procuring and maintaining a wide range of hardware and software require substantial, ongoing investment and the skills to support them. In the current financial crisis and being challenged by growing...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    DTADA: Distributed Trusted Agent Based Detection Approach for Doline and Sensor Cloning Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) have diverse field of application, but it is extremely much prone to the security threats. This paper proposes a lightweight, fast, efficient and mobile agent technology based security solution against cloning attack and do-line attack for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). WSN has a dynamic topology, irregular...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Comparative Analysis on Mobility Aware and Stateless Multicast Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

    In this paper, the author has studied the performance of multicast routing protocols in wireless mobile ad-hoc networks. In MANET, for a protocol to be more efficient and high robust is a difficult task, due to the mobility of nodes and dynamic topology. It discovers the routing path by broadcasting...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Survey on Network Layer Multicast Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) comprises set of mobile nodes which forms different networking infrastructure in ad hoc manner. Multicasting a group oriented communication approach plays a vital role in this mobile infrastructure less networks as it finds applications in major fields such as military warfare, emergency situations, Conventions etc....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Comparison LEACH and HEED Cluster Based Protocol for Wireless Senser Network

    In the present paper wireless sensor network for hierarchical network protocol of LEACH and HEED this is theory concept that how to data gathering. The authors' protocol aims to dynamically change the data Gathering period according to the Gathering quality. The timing scheme will find the minimum Gathering period that...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Securing Data Using Pre-Filtering and Traceback Method

    In this paper, the authors propose RegEx-Filter (pre-filtering approach) and IP traceback method to trace unauthorized access incidents in the Internet; the current control technologies cannot stop specific way of access. The basic idea is to generate the RegEx print from RegEx set and use it in prefiltering most unmatched...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Privacy Protection in Cloud Computing by Using Cryptographic Technique.

    Cloud computing technology is very useful in present day to day life, this cloud computing techniques uses the internet and central remote servers to the maintain data as well as applications. Cloud computing permits consumers and businesses to use such applications without getting any installation and can access their data...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Cross Layer Protocol for Improving the Performance of Ad Hoc Networks

    To implement the cross layer protocol for improving the performance of multi-hop wireless network by routing, scheduling the transmission and traffic management. Unicast and multicast routes are established in coordination with the scheduling of transmissions and bandwidth reservations in a way that bandwidth and delay guarantees can be enforced on...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Real-time Protection Mechanism for Social Networking Sites Using Proxy Server

    In the past few years, Social Networking (SN) websites such as Face book, Orkut, twitter and MySpace become very popular. SN sites are defined as interactive web-based applications that provide users with the ability to join groups, chat, share photos, and organize events and network with others in a similar-to-real-life...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2013

    Implementation of Baugh-Wooley Multiplier based on Soft-Core Processor

    In this paper, the authors present on implementation of Baugh-Wooley multiplier based on soft-core processor. MicroBlaze soft core is high performance embedded soft core processor developed by XILINX company. This soft core enjoys high configurability and allows designer to make proper choice based on their own design requirements to build...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    A Novel FPGA Based Synchronous High Resolution Digital Pulse Width Modulators for Inverters

    In this paper, the authors present the survey of pulse width modulators for inverters. Pulse width modulators are widely used as the basic block for controlling the on and off of the load that connecting with the inverter. Here, they present two synchronous techniques that increase the resolution of pulse...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2014

    An Overview of Reconfigurable Hardware for Efficient Implementation of DSP Algorithms

    Reconfigurable hardware is emerging as the best option for the efficient implementation of complex and computationally expensive signal processing algorithms. Reconfigurable hardware exploits the benefit of high of computational efficiency of hardware as well as flexibility of software implementation. Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) which finds wide range of applications...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Nov 2014

    A Novel Off-Chip Capacitor-Less CMOS LDO with Fast Transient Response

    A novel Low-DropOut (LDO) regulator without external capacitor featuring with fast transient response and low-power dissipation for System-On-Chip (SOC) is proposed in this paper. By introducing an auxiliary feedback path to splits the poles without using a miller compensating scheme, the proposed LDO achieves fast transient response and high stability...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Performance Analysis of Energy Efficient and Charge Recovery Adiabatic Techniques for Low Power Design

    The power consumption of the electronic devices can be reduced by adopting different design styles. Adiabatic logic style is said to be an attractive solution for such low power electronic applications. By using adiabatic techniques energy dissipation in PMOS network can be minimized and some of energy stored at load...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    High Speed Current Mode Sense Amplifier for SRAM Applications

    The sense amplifier is one of the most important components of semiconductor memories used to sense stored date. This plays an important role to reduce the overall sensing delay and voltage. Earlier voltage mode sense amplifiers are used to sense the date it sense the voltage difference at bit and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Third Order Current-Mode Filter Realization Using CMOS Current-Mirror

    In this paper, the authors have presented an approach to realize third order current-mode filters using CMOS current-mirrors with two different techniques. This paper presents the realization of third-order Low-Pass (LP) active current-mode filters using cascade technique of lossy and lossless integrators. Another important technique is the active realization of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    A Novel Low Power Binary to Gray Code Converter Using Gate Diffusion Input (GDI)

    In modern era, ultra-low power design has an active research topic due to its various applications. In this paper, the authors introduce a novel low power and area efficient binary to gray code converter is implemented by using four transistor XOR gate. This four transistor XOR gate is designed by...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2014

    Fine-Grain Power-Gated Logic for Asynchronous Circuit using Partial Charge Reuse

    In this paper, the authors introduce a novel low power logic family called Asynchronous Fine-grain Power-gated Logic (AFPL). Each pipeline stage in the AFPL circuit is made up of Efficient Charge Recovery Logic (ECRL) gate, which carry out the logic part of the stage and a handshake controller, which handles...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    Design and Implementation of Low Power Floating Point Multiplier

    In this paper, the authors describe a design and efficient implementation of an IEEE 754 low power single precision floating point multiplier targeted for Xilinx Virtex 5 FPGA. The multiplier implementation handles the overflow and underflow cases. Rounding is not implemented to give more precision when using the multiplier in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2012

    Design and Analysis of Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) using Low Input Impedance Current Comparator

    Pulse width modulation is a method of controlling the amount of power to a load without having to dissipate any power in the load driver. The voltage-mode comparator is the most critical component of pulse-width modulator which dominates the accuracy of modulation process. In this paper, a new design of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2013

    An FPGA Based Implementation for 2-D Discrete Wavelet Transform

    A 2-D discrete wavelet transform hardware design based on multiplier design based architecture is presented in this paper. The authors have proposed based on arithmetic for low complexity and efficient implementation of 2-D discrete wavelet transform. The multiplier design based technique has been applied to reduce the number of delay....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2013

    4-Input Decimal Adder Using 90 nm CMOS Technology

    The core of every microprocessor, Digital Signal Processor (DSP), and data processing application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) is its data path. At the hearts of data paths and addressing units are arithmetic units, such as a comparators, adders, and multipliers. In this paper, a 4 - input decimal adder has been...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Failure Factors of ERP Projects in an Iranian Context

    Implementing an information technology project is a very challenging task that needs several preparations such as assigning a professional project manager, receiving top management support, employee engagement, etc. Same studies have been conducted about the success and failure factors of the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) projects and several researchers concluded...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Detailed Analysis of the Issues and Solutions for Securing Data in Cloud

    Cloud computing, the next generation architecture of IT enterprises, offers the users with a flexible computing environment. In cloud, the virtualized resources are provided as a service over the internet. Typical applications that have already been thought of are SaaS (Software as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service), IaaS...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Cloud Forensics-An IS Approach

    The Cloud hosting is where data centers really shine in electronic media. Every major IT firm has an offering of how consumers can be served by data centers wherein their cloud will be scaled as per Service Level Agreement (SLA) bounded only by the capacity of the data center. Hence,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Cloud Migration Benefits and Its Challenges Issue

    Cloud computing is one of the emerging fields in the computer world these days. Cloud computing is attracting everyone with its benefits. Now companies are shifting their focus onto cloud computing. But to be a part of cloud computing environment and to take advantages of cloud computing, legacy applications need...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Entrepreneurial Idea Development to Business Start-Up: Teaching Methodological Approach

    The crucial issue on entrepreneurship training in the tertiary institutions of learning is teaching students how to develop innovative business idea to the business venture start-up stage. This is the ability of the students to develop ideas that are out of the theoretical teaching of the academic environment. Several scholars...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    The Role of Knowledge Management on Individu, the Community and the Organization

    Adoption of Knowledge Management (KM) has become the emerging agenda in developing business strategies. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an emerging debate centered on the ways in which Knowledge Management (KM) might be give benefits and, in turn, how KM practice might be improved. Stills lightly...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Innovative HR Strategies for SMEs

    The small and medium scale enterprises being very volatile in nature take high amount of risk. It is therefore imperative for them to address the uncertainty through reliable and loyal work force which can shoulder them in good and bad times. HR has the challenge of attracting talent on role...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis Strategy for Small and Medium Business Development Policy Gresik District in East Java

    This paper is the preparation of Policy Development Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Gresik regency, East Java. The expected outcome of this activity is the completion of SME Development Policy Gresik regency, East Java. This research included in this type of survey research (survey research). To identify and determine the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Literature Critique: \"Competition Law, Enforcement and the Australian Small Business Sector\"

    Various developed nations nowadays have put all their efforts to regulate competition laws for international market. And, Australia is not an exception to this implementation; the further growth and development of the Australian industries are mainly regulated by the Australian government in order to oversee if the organizations, business owners,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    A New Approach to Volunteer Cloud Computing

    Volunteer cloud computing is based on the concept where highly distributed non-dedicated resources are harnessed to build a cloud so as to offer cloud services. As volunteer clouds are allowed to communicate with each other and with other commercial clouds also, it's necessary to implement an enhanced interoperable environment. The...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Requirements and Challenges for Securing Cloud Applications and Services

    Adopting cloud computing is a complex decision involving many factors. This paper focuses on the central issues of cloud computing security. The cloud computing architectural framework provides a conceptual framework to help evaluate initial cloud risks and inform security decisions. It's a quick method for evaluating the tolerance for moving...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering