IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 41-80 of 498 results

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    A Survey of Weight-Based Clustering Algorithms in MANET

    As MANETs haven't any mounted infrastructure, all messages have to be routed through the nodes within the network. Several clustering and routing algorithms are developed for MANETs. Moreover, most of the prevailing routing algorithms don't utilize the potency that may be obtained by clustering a network. Clustering method involves in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Green Computing Under Cloud Environment Proposed Architecture Using Cloud Computing & Thin Client

    Private Cloud computing provides attractive & cost efficient Server Based Computing (SBC). The implementation of Thin client computing for private cloud computing will reduce the IT Cost and consumes less power. Most cloud services run in browser based environment so the authors don't need a fat client to use in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Blacklisting Misbehaving Users for Enhancing Security in Anonymizing Networks

    Anonymizing networks such as Tor allow users to access Internet services privately by using a series of routers to hide the client's IP address from the server. The success of such networks, however, has been limited by users employing this anonymity for abusive purposes such as defacing popular Web sites....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Defending Against Replication Node Attack in Wireless Sensor Network

    In Wireless Sensor network, nodes are interconnected and information is shared among them. In a situation, many attacks are involved to misuse the wireless sensor network. One of the attacks is replica node replication attack, in which the adversary can detain and conciliation of sensor nodes by hacking IP address...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Threshold Proxy Re-Encryption Scheme and Decentralized Erasure Code in Cloud Storage with Secure Data Forwarding

    A cloud storage system, used to store large number of data in storage server. Cloud system is used to provide large number storage servers, which provide long-term storage service over the Internet. Third party's cloud system does not provide data confidentiality. Constructing centralized storage system for the cloud system makes...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Analysis of Manhattan Mobility Model Without RSUs

    The vehicular communication is an important issue to the researchers who are engaged in preventing traffic accidents and traffic jams. The earlier vehicular models had discussed only communication among vehicles through the Road Side Units (RSU). Most of the researchers used IEEE 802.11 for vehicular communication in which the vehicles...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    A Comprehensive Parametric Analysis of Vertical Handoff in Next Generation Wireless Networks

    The science and technology is developing day by day leading to expand and forcing to reshape user's living standards. The main aspects leading to deployment of a wide array of wireless and mobile networks are advances in miniaturization, low power circuit design and development in radio access technologies and increase...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    An Efficient and Active Data Delivery for Highly Dynamic Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    In highly dynamic mobile ad hoc networks occurred transmission problems like delivering data packets, packet delay, and time delay and so on. Most of the existing ad hoc routing protocols are affected by node mobility, especially for large-scale networks. Large-scale networks mean that wireless network at the dynamic time. Propel...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Performance Comparison on Trust Based Power Aware Reliable On Demand Routing Protocol in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of mobile wireless nodes, which communicate to each other without any centralized administration. Trust and Power consumption is the most challenging task in routing protocol design for Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs), since the highly dynamic nature of MANET coupled with limited bandwidth...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    A Research Paper on Comparison Between Energy Efficient Routing Protocol with Energy and Location in MANET

    Energy is an important issue in MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork). Nodes in network are working in presence of limited energy. So, energy efficient routing is needed for reducing energy consumption. Energy efficient routing schemes can greatly reduce energy consumption and extends the lifetime of the networks. Multipath routing protocol (AOMDV)...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Implementation of Tree Based Itinerary Design (TBID) Algorithm Over Wireless Sensor Networks by Using Mobile Agent

    In many sensor network applications viz., environmental monitoring, spatial exploration and battlefield surveillance, sensed data is aggregated and transmitted to the sinks for analysis. Thus, in-network data aggregation becomes an important technique in wireless sensor networks and has been well studied in recent years. In general, any sensory network suffers...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Performance Improvement Techniques for Customized Data Warehouse

    In this paper, the authors present performance improvement techniques for data retrieval from customized data warehouses for efficient querying and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) in relation to efficient database and memory management. Different database management techniques, e.g. indexing, partitioning, etc. play vital role in efficient memory management. A comparison of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    A Novel Approach for Event Monitoring In Wsn Using Sleep Scheduling

    A broadcasting delay is an important problem for the application of the critical event monitoring in wireless sensor networks. To prolong the network lifetime some of the sleep scheduling methods are always employed in WSNs it results in a significant broadcasting delay. A novel sleep scheduling method to be proposed...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Virtual Energy Based Encryption & Keying on Wireless Sensor Network

    Since the secure communication for Wireless Sensor Network (WSNs) is a challenging problem because sensors are resources limited and cost is the most dominant factor in a energy consumption, for this the authors introduce an energy-efficient Virtual Energy-Based Encryption and Keying (VEBEK) scheme for WSNs that reduces the number of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Comprehensive Evaluation of AODV, DSR, GRP, OLSR and TORA Routing Protocols With Varying Number of Nodes and Traffic Applications Over MANETs

    Wireless Technology is at its peak when they talk about research and innovation. This field has become a hub of invention of new theories and structures. Mobile Ad-hoc Network is a special point of focus for the researchers. MANET is a collection of wireless mobile nodes which forms a dynamic...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Enhancement in Elimination of Security Threads using Trusted Proactive Routing

    Ad hoc networks have been used in many applications which mandate a dynamic setup in the absence of fixed infrastructure. The design of ad hoc network has been mainly focuses on proper operation. It is possible that eventually a malicious node becomes easy to deploy in ad hoc n/w and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Nonlinear Companding Transform Algorithm for Peak -to-Average Power Ratio Reduction of OFDM Signal

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is digital multicarrier Modulation access system for high data rate transfer .But it has high PEAK To Average Power Ratio which increases complexity of A/D Converter and D/A Converters and lowers the efficiency of power amplifiers. In this paper Repeated Clipping and Filtering (RCF) distortion...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    FPGA Implementation of MB-OFDM Using Biorthogonal Encoder

    UWB is a high data rate, short range technology .It transmits the information over a minimum bandwidth of 500 MHZ. Modern UWB systems use Modulation techniques such as OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing). The MB-OFDM proposal is selected for UWB system model. MultiBand OFDM (MB-OFDM) is a short-range wireless technology...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    New Fault Injection Approach for Network on Chip

    Packet-based on-chip interconnection networks, or Network-on-Chips (NoCs) are progressively replacing global on-chip interconnections in Multi-processor System-on-Chips (MP-SoCs) thanks to better performances and lower power consumption. However, modern generations of MP-SoCs have an increasing sensitivity to faults due to the progressive shrinking technology. Consequently, in order to evaluate the fault sensitivity...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Study and Analysis of Fractal Linear Antenna Arrays

    A fractal is a recursively generated object having a fractional dimension. They have no characteristic size, and are constructed of many copies of themselves at different scales. In this paper, the authors primarily focus on design of fractal linear array antenna for even number of elements and comparison of fractal...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Parametric Study for Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antennas

    Physically, MSA consists of a metallic radiating patch backed up by a dielectric substrate and a ground plane below that. These days, MSAs are widely used in many applications due to their inherent advantages such as low profile, lightweight, planer configuration and ease of fabrication. However, main limitation of MSAs...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Iris Recognition: An Emerging Biometric Technology

    Iris recognition is a well-known biometric technique. The iris recognition is a kind of the biometrics technologies based on the physiological characteristics of human body, compared with the feature recognition based on the fingerprint, palm-print, face and sound etc, the iris has some advantages such as uniqueness, stability, high recognition...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Distributed Database Architecture for Global Roaming in Next-Generation Mobile Networks

    Next-generation wireless systems are envisioned to have an IP-based infrastructure with the support of heterogeneous access technologies. One of the research challenges for next generation all-IP-based wireless systems is the design of intelligent mobility management techniques that take advantage of IP-based technologies to achieve global roaming among various access technologies....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Biometric Speech Watermarking Technique in Images Using Wavelet Transform

    The enormous development in digital technologies has necessitated the owners to pay great attention in protecting their digital contents. Watermarking is used for content authentication and ownership protection. Biometric traits provide unique means for individual identification. Biometric watermarking refers to the incorporation of biometric in watermarking technology. By embedding biometrics...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Cope With Black Hole Attacks in AODV Protocol in Manet by End to End Route Discovery

    Wireless MANET is particularly vulnerable due to its fundamental characteristics such as open medium, dynamic topology, distributed cooperation and capability. The black hole attack which is one of the major possible attacks in AODV routing protocol, in which intermediate node absorbs all the packets instead of sending those to desired...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Ethernet Controller as Solution for Embedded Applications, New Developments and Innovations

    Ethernet is the networking technology used in many offices and homes to enable computers to communicate and share resources. Recent innovations in the Ethernet networking technology are enhancing both the scalability and capability of Ethernet as a carrier-grade and transport technology. This paper explains four main innovations recently added to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Sensing Methods for Intrusion Detection in Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    Intrusion detection in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is of practical interest in many applications such as detecting an intruder in a battlefield. The intrusion detection is defined as a mechanism for a WSN to detect the existence of inappropriate, incorrect, or anomalous moving attackers. In this paper, the authors consider...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    VLSI Based Implementation of Single Round AES Algorithm

    This paper presents VLSI based implementation of single round AES algorithm for encryption purpose and it is one of the most popular algorithm used in symmetric key cryptography The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) specifies a FIPS-approved cryptographic algorithm that can be used to protect electronic data. The AES algorithm is...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design of Enhanced LEACH Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network

    A wireless network consists of a large number of small sensors. The sensor is low-power transceivers & can be an effective tool for gathering data in a variety of environments. The communication between the sensor nodes must be designed to conserve the limited energy resources within the sensor. LEACH clustering...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Finger Print Image Enhancement and Point Pattern Based Verification

    Fingerprints are the oldest and most widely used form of biometric identification. Despite the widespread use of fingerprints, there is little statistical theory on the uniqueness of fingerprint minutiae. A critical step in studying the statistics of fingerprint minutiae is to reliably extract minutiae from the fingerprint images. However, fingerprint...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Hardware Implementation and Analysis of BPSK System on Xilinx System Generator

    With the recent advent of hardware description languages (e.g., Verilog or VHDL) and digital implementation for Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), substantial academic digital design projects become practicable. In the present paper, the design of a digital Binary-Phase-Shift-Keying (BPSK) modulator and detector is described. The project details the design of the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Image Processing Based Adaptive Traffic Control System

    Through this paper, the authors intend to present an improvement in existing traffic control system at intersection. System is made more efficient with addition of intelligence in term of artificial vision, using image processing techniques to estimate actual road traffic and compute time each time for every road before enabling...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of PM: Direction of Arrival Estimation Algorithm for Smart Antenna System

    This paper presents analysis of simulation results for Direction of arrival estimation for smart antenna system using non Eigen value decomposition based algorithm. Direction Of Arrival (DOA) estimation in smart antenna for identifying the directions of the desired signals and the null steering beamformer to adapts the antenna pattern to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Study of Arm Based Temperature Measurement and Control System Using CPLD

    In this paper a temperature measurement and control system is proposed using ARM processor S3C2440 as a controlling device. This system uses LM35D sensor and its related peripherals for temperature measurement. This temperature is filtered and transmitted to the ADC MCP3201. ARM and CPLD are used for processing and controlling...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Viterbi Algorithm for Error Detection and Correction

    In the present world, communication has got many applications such as telephonic conversations in which the messages are encoded into the communication channel and then decoding it at the receiver end. During the transfer of message, the data might get corrupted due to lots of disturbances in the communication channel....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Zigbee Based Sensor Networks for Temperature Monitoring and Controlling

    In Now-a-days, the people have many different types of emergencies in the indoor environment. Response to such emergencies is critical in order to protect resources including human life and to save property from damage. There is need to develop wireless sensor network for temperature controlling. In this paper, the authors...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Fingerprint Verification Using Gabor Filter Bank

    Biometrics deals with identification of individuals based on their biological or behavioral characteristics. The use of fingerprints, for identification has been employed in law enforcement for about a century. An application of fingerprint is for personal authentication, for instance to access a computer, A bank-machine, cars or home. There are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Pen Drive to Pen Drive and Mobile Data Transfer Using ARM

    Generally, the authors used to transfer data between two pen drives by using laptops or desktops. But it is not always possible to carry such a large size device to the particular location. So to overcome this problem, they are designing a hardware which is more compact to carry anywhere....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Sigfree: Buffer Overflow Attack Detection

    Sigfree act as a Defender or protective shield for the today's Information world from insider or outsider attacker. Any activity aimed at disrupting a service or making a resource unavailable or gaining unauthorized access can be termed as an intrusion. Buffer Overflow attack is an attack which gives rise to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design & Simulation of Circular Microstrip Antenna With Defected Ground Structure (DGS) for WLAN Applications

    In this paper, a circular microstrip patch antenna with Defected Ground Structure (DGS) has been analyzed and simulated for the WLAN applications. The proposed antennas have been simulated at 2.45 GHz frequency using co-axial feeding technique. Actually, the authors design two circular microstrip antennas i.e. conventional CMSA and CMSA with...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Biometric Speech Watermarking Technique in Images Using Wavelet Transform

    The enormous development in digital technologies has necessitated the owners to pay great attention in protecting their digital contents. Watermarking is used for content authentication and ownership protection. Biometric traits provide unique means for individual identification. Biometric watermarking refers to the incorporation of biometric in watermarking technology. By embedding biometrics...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Cope With Black Hole Attacks in AODV Protocol in Manet by End to End Route Discovery

    Wireless MANET is particularly vulnerable due to its fundamental characteristics such as open medium, dynamic topology, distributed cooperation and capability. The black hole attack which is one of the major possible attacks in AODV routing protocol, in which intermediate node absorbs all the packets instead of sending those to desired...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Ethernet Controller as Solution for Embedded Applications, New Developments and Innovations

    Ethernet is the networking technology used in many offices and homes to enable computers to communicate and share resources. Recent innovations in the Ethernet networking technology are enhancing both the scalability and capability of Ethernet as a carrier-grade and transport technology. This paper explains four main innovations recently added to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Sensing Methods for Intrusion Detection in Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    Intrusion detection in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is of practical interest in many applications such as detecting an intruder in a battlefield. The intrusion detection is defined as a mechanism for a WSN to detect the existence of inappropriate, incorrect, or anomalous moving attackers. In this paper, the authors consider...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    VLSI Based Implementation of Single Round AES Algorithm

    This paper presents VLSI based implementation of single round AES algorithm for encryption purpose and it is one of the most popular algorithm used in symmetric key cryptography The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) specifies a FIPS-approved cryptographic algorithm that can be used to protect electronic data. The AES algorithm is...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design of Enhanced LEACH Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network

    A wireless network consists of a large number of small sensors. The sensor is low-power transceivers & can be an effective tool for gathering data in a variety of environments. The communication between the sensor nodes must be designed to conserve the limited energy resources within the sensor. LEACH clustering...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Finger Print Image Enhancement and Point Pattern Based Verification

    Fingerprints are the oldest and most widely used form of biometric identification. Despite the widespread use of fingerprints, there is little statistical theory on the uniqueness of fingerprint minutiae. A critical step in studying the statistics of fingerprint minutiae is to reliably extract minutiae from the fingerprint images. However, fingerprint...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Hardware Implementation and Analysis of BPSK System on Xilinx System Generator

    With the recent advent of hardware description languages (e.g., Verilog or VHDL) and digital implementation for Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), substantial academic digital design projects become practicable. In the present paper, the design of a digital Binary-Phase-Shift-Keying (BPSK) modulator and detector is described. The project details the design of the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    High Speed Data Acquisition System With Ethernet Interface

    This paper introduces a high speed data acquisition system based on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The aim is to develop a "Distributed" data acquisition interface. The development of instruments such as personal computers and engineering workstations based on "Standard" platforms is the motivation behind this effort. Using standard...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Dash7: Performance

    A new wireless sensor networking technology, DASH7 uses the ISO/IEC 18000-7 standard for active RFID. It operates in the 433 MHz unlicensed spectrum. DASH7 provides many advantages over other wireless technologies such as multi-year battery life, dynamic range of up to 2 Km (potentially farther) etc.DASH7 is the name of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function for Performance Analysis of OFDM Signals

    Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) is an important parameter for the analysis of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signals. CCDF curves are known to have great importance in the study of signal performance on the basis of power level. This paper presents the CCDF performance of the OFDM signal with different...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Qualitative and Quantitative Performance Evaluation of Adhoc on Demannd Routing Protocol in Manet

    A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a network consisting of a set of wireless mobile nodes that communicate with each other without centralized control or established infrastructure. Every node in MANET moves arbitrarily making the multi-hop network topology to change randomly at unpredictable times. There are several familiar routing...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Concerted Routing Metrics Evaluating and Distributed Rate Adaptation in Wireless Mesh Networks

    This paper proposes MARA, a joint method for automatic rate selection and route quality evaluation in Wireless Mesh Networks. This method targets at avoiding the problem of inaccurate link quality estimates, common to main existing proposals of multi-hop wireless routing metrics. In this proposal, the statistics collected by the routing...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Multibiometric Identification System Based on Score Level Fusion

    Biometric identification systems, which use physical features to check a person's identity, ensures much greater security than password and number systems. Multi-biometric system is being increasingly deployed in much large scale application because they provide lower error rate, large population coverage compared to uni-biometric. In this paper, multi-biometric identification system...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Fingerprint Recognition Using Gabor Filter and Frequency Domain Filtering

    Fingerprint recognition is one of the most popular methods used for identification with greater degree of success. The fingerprint has unique characteristics called minutiae, which are points where a curve track finishes, intersect or branches off. In this paper a novel method for Fingerprint recognition is considered using a combination...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Enhancement of Gain of Rectangular Micro Strip Antenna Using Multilayer Multidielectric Structure

    In rapidly developing market in Personal Communication Systems (PCS), mobile satellite communications, Direct Broadband Television (DBS) Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) suggest that demand for Microstrip antennas and array will increase even further. In this paper the gain of microstrip patch antenna is enhanced by using covered dielectric layer which...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Speech/Data Discrimination in Communication Systems

    This paper proposes a discrimination algorithm, which discriminates speech and data on a multiplexed input signal. Commercial communication networks may use single voice band channel for transmission of both speech and data. Also, for optimum utilization of channel, the pauses in voice signal are being utilized. At receiver side the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Design of Sierpinski Gasket Multiband Fractal Antenna for Wireless Applications

    The multiband behavior of the Fractal Sierpinski Gasket Antenna is described in this paper. An analysis is performed to examine the parameters of an antenna with a frequency range in between 1 GHz to 6 GHz. The behaviors of an antenna are investigated such as return loss and bandwidth. Simulations...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Voice Controlled Data Acquisition Car Based on Zigbee Technology

    This paper is to design a voice controlled car and use it as a platform for obtaining feedback from a critically controlled environment. The system comprises of a user interface module and a Robocar. The user interface includes an electret microphone through which the voice commands will be accepted by...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Non Linear Optimum Interacting Multiple Model Smoother for GPS Navigation System

    The navigation problem is to direct the movement of vehicle so as to arrive at a given destination. The single model unscented filter gives better accuracy for non-linear navigation problems using unscented transform. But it fails to address noise variations in vehicle dynamics. Hence the multiple model filtering is required...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Image Processing Based Adaptive Traffic Control System

    Through this paper, the authors intend to present an improvement in existing traffic control system at intersection. System is made more efficient with addition of intelligence in term of artificial vision, using image processing techniques to estimate actual road traffic and compute time each time for every road before enabling...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of PM: Direction of Arrival Estimation Algorithm for Smart Antenna System

    This paper presents analysis of simulation results for Direction of arrival estimation for smart antenna system using non Eigen value decomposition based algorithm. Direction Of Arrival (DOA) estimation in smart antenna for identifying the directions of the desired signals and the null steering beamformer to adapts the antenna pattern to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Study of Arm Based Temperature Measurement and Control System Using CPLD

    In this paper a temperature measurement and control system is proposed using ARM processor S3C2440 as a controlling device. This system uses LM35D sensor and its related peripherals for temperature measurement. This temperature is filtered and transmitted to the ADC MCP3201. ARM and CPLD are used for processing and controlling...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Viterbi Algorithm for Error Detection and Correction

    In the present world, communication has got many applications such as telephonic conversations in which the messages are encoded into the communication channel and then decoding it at the receiver end. During the transfer of message, the data might get corrupted due to lots of disturbances in the communication channel....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Zigbee Based Sensor Networks for Temperature Monitoring and Controlling

    In Now-a-days, the people have many different types of emergencies in the indoor environment. Response to such emergencies is critical in order to protect resources including human life and to save property from damage. There is need to develop wireless sensor network for temperature controlling. In this paper, the authors...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Fingerprint Verification Using Gabor Filter Bank

    Biometrics deals with identification of individuals based on their biological or behavioral characteristics. The use of fingerprints, for identification has been employed in law enforcement for about a century. An application of fingerprint is for personal authentication, for instance to access a computer, A bank-machine, cars or home. There are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Pen Drive to Pen Drive and Mobile Data Transfer Using ARM

    Generally, the authors used to transfer data between two pen drives by using laptops or desktops. But it is not always possible to carry such a large size device to the particular location. So to overcome this problem, they are designing a hardware which is more compact to carry anywhere....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Sigfree: Buffer Overflow Attack Detection

    Sigfree act as a Defender or protective shield for the today's Information world from insider or outsider attacker. Any activity aimed at disrupting a service or making a resource unavailable or gaining unauthorized access can be termed as an intrusion. Buffer Overflow attack is an attack which gives rise to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design & Simulation of Circular Microstrip Antenna With Defected Ground Structure (DGS) for WLAN Applications

    In this paper, a circular microstrip patch antenna with Defected Ground Structure (DGS) has been analyzed and simulated for the WLAN applications. The proposed antennas have been simulated at 2.45 GHz frequency using co-axial feeding technique. Actually, the authors design two circular microstrip antennas i.e. conventional CMSA and CMSA with...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Beam Pattern Improvement in CMA Using a Prefilter

    The demand for wireless mobile communications services is growing at an explosive rate; the high demand for 3G services needs increased in system capacity. The most elementary solution would be to increase bandwidth; however, this becomes challenging as the electromagnetic spectrum is becoming increasingly congested. The frequency reuse concept increases...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Development of OFDM Space Coded Outdoor Wireless Link

    Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing, or OFDM, is a process of digital modulation that is used in computer technology today. Essentially, OFDM is configured to split a communication signal in several different channels. Each of these channels is formatted into a narrow bandwidth modulation, with each channel operating at a different frequency....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Image Processing Based on Embedded Linux

    The continuous improvement in development of Linux for the Embedded system makes it secure, table and reliable. Embedded Linux plays an important role in the embedded field. Linux has been widely used in embedded system due to its small size kernel, stable performance, versatility and low prize. This paper describes...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Location Aided Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    A mobile ad hoc network consists of wireless hosts that may move often. Movement of hosts results in a change in routes, requiring some mechanism for determining new routes. Several routing protocols have already been proposed for ad hoc networks. This paper suggests an approach to utilize location information (for...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    MIMO Communication System at a Glance

    The MIMO communication system has multiple antennas at both the transmitting and the receiving ends of the channel. Using multiple antennas introduces additional spatial channels on account of which the capacity of the channel increases hence the authors get increased spectral efficiency without additional bandwidth or transmit power. Because of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    The Suggested Correlation Formula Between (HPF) and (OPMUF) Parameters Over Middle East Region

    In this paper, a study of the behavior and correlation between High Possible Frequency (HPF) and Optimum Maximum Usable Frequency (OPMUF) parameters for the communication links distributed over Middle East Region were made. A mutual correlation equation between the two parameters has been suggested. The analytical test of the monthly...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    A Qos Based Mac Protocol for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network

    Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSNs) have emerged and shifted the focus from the typical scalar wireless sensor networks to networks with multimedia devices that are capable to retrieve video, audio, images, as well as scalar sensor data. WMSNs are able to deliver multimedia content due to the availability of inexpensive...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Design and Implementation of Fpga Based High Performance Instruction List (IL) Processor

    Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is a device that allows an Electro-Mechanical engineer to automate his mechanical process in an efficient manner. PLC is a typical Microprocessor or Micro-Controller based system with its dedicated operating system to interpret the control specification, scan inputs and accordingly activate the final control elements. As...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Comparative Study of High Performance Braun's Multiplier Using FPGAs

    Multiplication is one of the essential operations in Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications like Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Digital filters etc. With the advancements in technology, research is still going on to design a multiplier that consumes less power or has high speed or occupies less area or a combination...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Developed Java Software for Switching Secured Short Message Service (SMS)

    In this paper, the authors implement a software based SMS switching system using GLOBACOM and MTN as network carriers. JAVA programming language with focus on socket programming will be used for the software development. The application client, which is the portion that runs on the mobile phone, uses Java macro...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Analysis of Mobile Telecommunication Development and Operational Practices Vis-?-Vis 4G Wireless Technology

    4G is a brand name for the Fourth Generation of the cellular wireless standards. Over the years, Nigerian telecommunication firms have been in operation with predecessor generation standards (such as 2G and 3G). The design principle of each of these cellular wireless standards follow the same principle, where the information...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering