IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 81-120 of 498 results

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Beam Pattern Improvement in CMA Using a Prefilter

    The demand for wireless mobile communications services is growing at an explosive rate; the high demand for 3G services needs increased in system capacity. The most elementary solution would be to increase bandwidth; however, this becomes challenging as the electromagnetic spectrum is becoming increasingly congested. The frequency reuse concept increases...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Development of OFDM Space Coded Outdoor Wireless Link

    Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing, or OFDM, is a process of digital modulation that is used in computer technology today. Essentially, OFDM is configured to split a communication signal in several different channels. Each of these channels is formatted into a narrow bandwidth modulation, with each channel operating at a different frequency....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Image Processing Based on Embedded Linux

    The continuous improvement in development of Linux for the Embedded system makes it secure, table and reliable. Embedded Linux plays an important role in the embedded field. Linux has been widely used in embedded system due to its small size kernel, stable performance, versatility and low prize. This paper describes...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Location Aided Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    A mobile ad hoc network consists of wireless hosts that may move often. Movement of hosts results in a change in routes, requiring some mechanism for determining new routes. Several routing protocols have already been proposed for ad hoc networks. This paper suggests an approach to utilize location information (for...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Review on Methodologies of Remote Sensing, GPS and GIS

    Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technologies to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and oceans)...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Advance Scheme for Localization Using Curvilinear Component Analysis

    The performance of applications of wireless sensor network depend upon the precise location of the nodes. The localization protocol patches together the relative coordinate, local maps into a global coordinate map. These protocols require some nodes that know their absolute coordinates, called anchor nodes. While many factors influence the node...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Automatic Restaurant Order System Using Zigbee

    Automation is the Technology Concerned with Application of Mechanical, electronics & computer based systems to operate & control production. Due to advancement in technology the people have seen atomization of many things. They have seen an atomized vending machine which will serve a hot or soft drinks, Chocolates &many things....

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Blind Channel Estimation Using Maximum Likelihood in OFDM Systems

    new blind channel estimation scheme for OFDM systems is based on the Maximum Likelihood (ML) principle. The approach combines different modulation schemes on adjacent subcarriers, such as BPSK and QPSK, to resolve phase ambiguity. By avoiding the use of second- and higher-order statistics, a very fast convergence rate is achieved....

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    BPSK Transmitter Design Using FPGA With DAC and Pulse Shaping Filter to Minimize Inter-Symbol Interference(ISI)

    In contrast to the sophisticated implementation of Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) transmitter using Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), mixer, and Local Oscillator(LO) for carrier signal; Software Defined Radio (SDR) provides a high performance, efficient and re-configurable platform to integrate all these individual functions of BPSK transmitter. This paper presents...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Distributed Localization in Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks

    Localization has newly received research interest due to the success of the emerging Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology. This interest is expected to grow further with the proliferation of wireless sensor network applications such as medicine, military, transport. In this context routing, protocols and technologies of communication on those wireless...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad HocNetworks

    Ad hoc on demand distance vector routing protocol is specially designed for mobile ad hoc networks with reduced overhead using Expanding Ring Search technique. But energy consumption should also be considered in MANET due to battery constrain of the nodes. In this paper, the authors propose an energy efficient route...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Fingerprint Liveness Detection Using Wavelet

    Fingerprint verification is one of the most reliable personal identification methods. It plays a very important role in forensic and civilian applications. In this paper, the authors propose a simple and effective approach for fingerprint liveness detection based on the wavelet analysis of the finger tip surface texture. In present...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    An Overview of Smart Antenna and a Survey on Direction of Arrival Estimation Algorithms for Smart Antenna

    Smart antenna systems is one of the most rapidly developing areas of communication. With effective Direction Of Arrival (DOA) and Beam forming techniques Smart Antenna Systems prove to be most efficient in terms of quality of signals in wireless communication. In this paper a brief overview of Smart Antenna along...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of Empirical Propagation Models for WiMAX in Urban Environment

    This paper presents a simulation study of different path loss empirical propagation models with measured field data in urban environment. The results are different if they are used in different environment other than in which they were designed For comparative analysis the authors use the Free Space path Loss model,...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Evaluation of Uncoded Adaptive OFDM System Over AWGN Channel

    The demand for high-speed mobile wireless communications is rapidly growing. OFDM technology promises to be a key technique for achieving the high data capacity and spectral efficiency requirements for wireless communication systems of the near future. It is adopted as a standard for HYPERLAN & IEEE 802.11. It offers considerable...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Simulation of Rectangular Patch Antenna With Jeans Substrate

    There has been growing interest in researchers to merge wearable system technology with textile-technology. Utilization of textile material for development of antenna has been rapid due to wearable computing. A wearable antenna is meant to be a part of clothing used for communication purpose such as Tracking and navigation, health...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Stacked Multiband Microstrip Antenna

    In microstrip antenna research a new trend is found where the researchers improve antenna characteristics by introducing different structures within the antenna geometry. With the development of computational electromagnetic new approaches of analysis has become another branch of activity. This paper presents a design of stacked patch configuration of microstrip...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Study of Protocols (AODV, DSR)of MANET(Mobile Ad-Hoc Network)& Black Hole Attack InAODV

    Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes connected by wireless links. Due to Open medium, dynamic topology, distributed cooperation, ad-hoc networks are vulnerable to many types of security attacks. Black hole attack is one of the severe security threats which can be easily employed by exploiting...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Towards New Interfaces at Multitouch Technology

    In today's society, the way in which the people physically interact with electronic devices is changing how they are focused in their technological research. This change has led to many great advances, including the development of new interfaces at multi touch technology. Through the use of these new interfaces, the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Embedded Data Acquisition System for Mobile Applications

    This paper presents an interactive way to acquire the parametric data of moving application using of GPRS services. The total system is incorporated in the mobile application like car, bus, etc. The embedded system is designed with the help of microcontroller and user interface devices. The acquisition of the present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Cloud Migration Benefits and Its Challenges Issue

    Cloud computing is one of the emerging fields in the computer world these days. Cloud computing is attracting everyone with its benefits. Now companies are shifting their focus onto cloud computing. But to be a part of cloud computing environment and to take advantages of cloud computing, legacy applications need...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Improving Energy Efficiency Using LEARN Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks

    A number of energy-aware routing protocols were proposed to seek the energy efficiency of routes in Multihop wireless networks. Among them, several geographical localized routing protocols were proposed to help making smarter routing decision using only local information and reduce the routing overhead. However, all proposed localized routing methods cannot...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Surveillance on Manycasting Over Optical Burst Switching (OBS) Networks Under Secure Sparse Regeneration

    In wavelength-routed WDM optical networks requires regeneration for few light paths, when the strength of optical signal reduced and also security and privacy are essential before Optical Burst Switching (OBS) networks can become an everyday reality. Many-casting is a communication paradigm to implement the distributed applications. In many-casting, destinations can...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Compact UWB Antenna With T-Shaped Slots and Staircase Ground Plane for Enhanced Bandwidth

    In the coming years, there is great demand for high-speed data transmissions on cost effective basis. In order to achieve the same a new technology known as the Ultra WideBand (UWB) has been used. This technology has revolutionary advantages of an unlicensed service that can be used anywhere, anytime, by...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Throughput Improvement for Cell Edge Users

    Users at the cell edge in a cellular network suffer from low data rate due to low SINR Cooperative transmission schemes which are used in wireless networks to improve the spectral efficiency. In this paper, the authors study the downlink capacity of edge users in a cellular network and see...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Microstrip Antenna for WLAN Application Using Probe Feed

    Microstrip patch antennas have been widely used in a various useful applications, due to their low weight and low profile, conformability, easy and cheap realization. A low profile patch antenna for WLAN application is proposed in this paper. This proposed antenna is made by using the probe feeding and aperture...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Mm Waves Role in Satellite Communication

    The frequency band of Millimeter Wave (MM Wave) in Electromagnetic spectrum is 30-300 GHz and is sometimes called the Extremely High Frequency (EHF) range. Apart from Radar system, communication system is another important application of MM Waves which proved better than Microwaves/optics in certain features. Certain characteristics of the earth's...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    An Efficient Hand-Geometry System for Biometric Identifications

    In this paper, the authors propose an efficient hand geometry based system to recognize individuals. Hand geometry used in this verification system utilizes some hand geometry features which cannot vary with small variation of palm position. In this work, users can place their hands freely without the need for pegs...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Embedded Ethernet Interface Using Arm Processor

    Currently device with microcontroller has been widely used in industrial field. However, a large number of devices don't have the network interface and the data from them cannot be transmitted in network. A design of ARM processor-based embedded Ethernet interface is presented. In the design, an existing SPI serial device...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Novel Compact CPW- Fed Antenna for ULTRA WIDEBAND Applications

    RECENTLY, with the rapid development of wireless communication systems for local access networks including Personal Digital Assistants (PDA), portable PCs, and Bluetooth, the need for low profile and compact antenna has been on the rise. The demand was increased day by day in wireless communication, especially for the ULTRA WIDEBAND...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Reconfigurable Microstrip Patch Antenna Using MEMS Technology

    This paper proposes the design of a Reconfigurable Micro Strip Patch Antenna Using MEMS Technology A Reconfigurable Microstrip patch antenna of operating frequency in the range of 5-8 GHz (CBand), for the application of wireless communication has been designed. The term Re-configurability refers that it adaptively changes its characteristics. A...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    DFT Based MMSE Equaliser in MIMO-OFDM

    MIMO-OFDM is considered as a fast growing technology now days. OFDM is a multi carrier modulation technique in which the carriers are Orthogonal to each others as a result of which it provides high bandwidth efficiency and multiple carriers share the data among themselves. During the research equalizer is always...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design Analysis of a Security Lock System Using Pass-Code and Smart-Card

    In this paper, security lock system using Pass code and smart card has been achieved. It is a micro controller based system which aims at interfacing selected hardware components with software to obtain a higher degree of security. In achieving this work, seven major stages were considered in the design...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Modified ABC Algorithm & Its Application to Wireless Sensor Network Dynamic Deployment

    Wireless Sensor Networks plays a gargantuan role in instrumenting the modern day world; hence it is crucial to develop an optimal design flow. Out of the various Swarm intelligent algorithms developed so far, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm offers a vivid scope for this objective. First introduced for solving numerical...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis of Wimax Under Jamming Effect for Various Antennas

    Use of Internet is increasing day by day. Wi-Fi provides wireless access to the internet but range is limited to certain meters only. So concept of WiMAX is introduced to increase the range. WiMAX means worldwide interoperability for microwave access. WiMAX is also known as wireless broadband. The WiMAX based...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Unearthing the Compromised Nodes and Restoring Them in Wireless Sensor Network

    Sensor nodes are usually deployed in an open environment therefore they are subjected to various kinds of attacks like Worm Hole attack, Black Hole attack, False Data Injection attacks. Since the attackers can cause disruption and failure to the network, it's very important to detect these compromised nodes and revoke...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Local Oscillators Phase Noise Cancellation Methods

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme that employs a large number of orthogonal Closely-spaced sub-carriers. Each sub-carrier is modulated with a modulation scheme (QPSK or QAM generally) at a low symbol rate. Each of the sub-carrier is then multiplexed together and this forms the OFDM...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Physiological Parameter Monitoring and Recording System

    The design and development of a Zigbee smart non-invasive wearable physiological parameters monitoring device has been developed and reported in this paper. The system can be used to monitor physiological parameters, such as temperature and heart rate, of a human subject. The system consists of an electronic device which is...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Saving in Wireless Sensor Network Using Burst Algorithm

    A wireless sensor network is composed of a large number of low-cost devices distributed over a geographic area. Sensor nodes have limited processing capabilities therefore simplified protocol architecture should be designed so as to make communications simple and efficient. Moreover, the power supply unit is based on an energy-limited battery...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Using Mono-Alphabetic Substitution to Secure Against Threats and Risk in Information Technology

    The awareness the world over on Information Technology (IT) is a welcome development but calls for great care and concern. This is so as there are out there, many people with evil minds who see nothing good that they would not capitalize on. There are persons who would want to...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design and Construct of Broadband Printed Rectangular Monopole Antenna

    In this paper, the authors have investigated an rectangular monopole antenna that was printed on a Printed Circuit Board (PCB). The antenna consists of a rectangular patch and a ground plane so that the antenna acts as a planar monopole antenna which is broadband. Broadband planar monopole antennas have all...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Adaptive Bandwidth Allocation in Wireless Networks With Multiple Degradable Quality of Service

    In Wireless/Mobile networks various kinds of encoding schemes were used for transmission of data over a bandwidth. The desired quality and generated traffic varies with the requirement with this bandwidth. A generic video telephony may require more than 40 kbps whereas a low motion video telephony may require about 25...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Handset Antenna Design for Mobile Communication System

    Monopole slot antenna is suitable for handset applications due to its simple planar structure. Besides that, it is compact, low cost, low profile and easy to manufacture. It also has wide bandwidth and omnidirectional charatriesticts. The monopole antenna is obtained by cutting monopole slot at the edge of the ground...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Improvement of Handoff Decision in GSM-Railway Using Fuzzy Logic

    In this paper, the authors present two algorithms, are based on fuzzy logic, conventional algorithm and Proposed algorithms. Both handoff algorithms are used average handoff factor to decide when to handoff and when not in case of high speed mobile terminals. Conventional algorithm is of two types, one is conventional...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Compact Size Reconfigurable Antenna for Ultra-Wideband Applications

    This paper presents a simpler method of designing a compact size reconfigurable antenna useful for ultra-wideband applications. The reconfigurability of the antenna designed was achieved by using the concept of open-circuit and short-circuit so only single structure was designed and reconfigurability of frequency was achieved. The substrate on which the...

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  • White Papers // May 2012

    Digital Radio Over Fiber Link to Overcome Impairments in Fiber Wireless Networks

    In order to meet the ever increasing demand for larger transmission bandwidth, Wireless network based on radio-over-fiber technologies is a very beneficial solution. This architecture provides flexibility, mobility and high Bandwidth. A digitized RF-over-Fiber transmission scheme based on Band-pass Sampling theory is being introduced. Various Impairments of Analog Radio over...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Improving Computational Efficiency of Tentative Data Set

    The aim of data mining is to find novel, interesting and useful patterns from data using algorithms that will do it in a way that is more computational efficient than previous method. Current data mining practice is very much driven by practical computational concerns. In focusing almost exclusively on computational...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Pattern Evaluation Proved To Be Important For Decision Support in Data Warehouse

    It is the mobile sensor network or satellite that is observing and obtaining the data pattern. This paper focuses on spatio-temporal data and events pattern for the data mining and for data warehouse. There is a repository or database where sensor, satellite inputs or data are collected for analysis. The...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Combining Cryptography with Channel Coding

    Cryptography is a form of hiding the text so to increase the security of the information. It can also be defined as the process of converting the valuable information into some form of non-scene information which can be understand able by the sender and the intended receiver only. On the...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    A Close Look Towards Modified Booth's Algorithm with BKS Process

    In this paper, the authors are remodeling of modified Booth's algorithm, where shift three at a time. The result shows that classical concept of single shift multiplication algorithms are to be revised with a multiple number of shifts. The observation is that in general the complexity is N/3, which is...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    The Design of Intelligent Campus Security & Attendance System Based on RFID, GSM and Zig-Bee

    In this paper, an intelligent Campus Security Tracking system (iCST) has been designed and implemented base on the RFID and ZigBee network. iCST reads the RFID tags data through FRID & ZigBee node, and then sends it to PC node by a custom wireless protocol on the ZigBee. PC node...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Architecture for Node-level Congestion in WSN Using Rate Optimization

    The application has presented the details of Wireless Sensor Network differs basically from the overall knowledge network. It spotlight on tight communication however restricted in storage, lifetime, power and energy. The WSNs consists of unbelievable network load and it leads to energy wastage and packet loss. Several of the present...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Performance Analysis of Triple DES-Tiger-RSA Vs DES-RSA Algorithms for Bluetooth Security Systems

    In this paper, comparison of the Hybrid encryption algorithm (3DES-Tiger-RSA) and old hybrid method (DES-RSA, by Wuling Ren & Zhiqian Miao) for Bluetooth security system is done. Performance of the above security algorithm is evaluated based on the efficiency of the algorithm. The efficiency is calculated on the basis of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Object Based Data Partition Algorithm for XML Database

    The growing use of XML data format in global information needs an effective XML data management system. With the rapid growth of XML data in internet, users are confronted with big data issues; it's becoming a new research direction for managing massive XML data now. Conventional centralized data management technologies...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Authorization using Implicit Password

    In this paper, the authors introduce a authorization scheme for banking by using implicit password. As they know graphical password scheme suffered from shoulder-surfing and screen dump attacks. As they know for banking security is the first line of defense against compromising confidentiality and integrity. Simply the username and password...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Design of Aperture Coupled Micro-Strip patch Antenna for Wireless Communication applications at 5.8Ghz

    A microstrip antenna is basically a low profile antenna with a number of advantages over other antennas like small in size, light weight, inexpensive to fabricate. A microstrip antenna with aperture coupled feeding technique is used here as it is one of the most important method for exciting microstrip antenna...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Advanced Task Scheduling for Cloud Service Provider Using Genetaic Algorithm

    Cloud computing is one the upcoming latest technology which is developing drastically. Today lots of business organizations and educational institutions using Cloud environment. But one of the most important things is to increase the Quality of Service (QoS) of the system. To improve the QoS in a system one must...

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  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    An Analysis of 10 Gbits/s Optical Transmission System using Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG)

    In this paper, the authors discussed on a simulation of optical transmission system in optical fiber. The optical fiber is always used in telecommunication system because of its characteristics which include small size or dimension, low loss and low interferences from outside environment. There are various types of optical fiber,...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    A New Algorithm to Find Best Splitting Criteria for Web Page Classification

    Web is popular as the availability of data is vast. It contains several billions of HTML documents, pictures and other multi media files. These documents reside on Internet servers and the information-exchange can be done through HTTP protocols. Individual HTML files having unique address is called Web page and collection...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Effects of Fading Channels on OFDM

    High data rates are demanded a lot in modern communications. It is the huge development in the communications industry that led to this demand. One of the essential components of recent communications is Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). Handling bad conditions, high bandwidth and using the available spectral efficiently are...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Cosdes: A Collaborative Spam Detection System with a Novel E-Mail Abstraction Scheme

    E-mail communication is indispensable now-a-days, but the e-mail spam problem continues growing drastically. In recent years, the notion of collaborative spam filtering with near-duplicate similarity matching scheme has been widely discussed. The primary idea of the similarity matching scheme for spam detection is to maintain a known spam database, formed...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Performance Factors of Cloud Computing Data Centers Using M/G/m/m+r Queuing Systems

    Cloud computing is a novel paradigm for the provision of computing infrastructure, which aims to shift the location of the computing infrastructure to the network in order to reduce the costs of management and maintenance of hardware and software resources. Cloud computing systems fundamentally provide access to large amounts of...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    An Analysis of V-Blast Detection Schemes for MIMO Wireless Communications

    Vertical Bell Laboratories lAyered Space Time (V-BLAST) is a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) wireless communication system that uses multiple antenna elements at transmit and receive to offer high spectral efficiency and increased capacity in a rich multipath environment without increasing the use of the spectrum. Whereas, the detection schemes...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Intelligent Reconfigurable Computing Systems

    Every new technology comes with a scope of research on making it more economical in terms of money and time. Intelligent reconfigurable computing systems follow a similar trend by implementing the applications over the available reconfigurable hardware. Reconfigurability basically aims at reuse of the hardware for similar problems or sub...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    High Quality Monitoring with Location Anonymization for WSN

    Due to technological advances in sensor technologies, Wireless Sensor Networks are widely used for location monitoring. In such systems monitoring personal locations is done through Internet server. As the server is untrusted, it may cause threats pertaining to privacy of individuals being monitored. This is the potential risk to be...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Full Proof Secured Environment for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Due to the technological innovations of sensor technologies, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become very popular with its applications being used in many domains. The applications include those pertaining to civilian and military especially for monitoring environments. Out of all the interesting applications which are based on WSN, there are...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Adaptive Location-Oriented Content Delivery in Delay-Sensitive Pervasive Applications

    In this paper, the authors introduce a delay-sensitive service that involves transmitting large amounts of location-based data to nodes at multiple locations. Given a limited amount of access points (aps) and an abundance of service requests that result from the nodes moving around, a typical content delivery service would inevitably...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    BCOM: Best Constraints for Overlay Network Maintainance

    In an overlay network for routing or peer-to-peer file sharing, each node must select a fixed number of overlay neighbors for routing traffic. A selfish node entering such network would select adjacent nodes so as to reduce the weighted sum of expected access costs to all its destinations. Previous work...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Iobs-Adding Intelligence to Real-Life Objects

    Ubiquitous computing systems are useful in developing technology to realize a vision of computation everywhere, where computer technology seamlessly integrates into everyday life, supporting users in their daily tasks. By embedding sensors, computation and communication into common artifacts, future computing applications can adapt to human users rather than the other...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Performance Evaluation of OFDM Transceiver for BPSK & QAM Modulation Techniques

    WiMAX is introduced by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) which is designated by 802.16 to provide worldwide interoperability for microwave access. There are fixed (802.16d) and mobile (802.16e) WiMAX. The telecommunication industries insisted on new technology with high transmission abilities standardized by IEEE 802.16 also referred as...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Data Quality Tools for Data Warehousing: Enterprise Case Study

    Ensuring data quality for an enterprise data repository various data quality tools are used that focus on this issue. The scope of these tools is moving from specific applications to a more global perspective so as to ensure data quality at every level. A more organized framework is needed to...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Literature Survey of EM Based Detection of Variable Subband Nulling Mode in OFDM based Cognitive Radio Systems

    Cognitive radio is a paradigm for wireless communication, in which either a network or a wireless node changes its transmission or reception parameters to communicate efficiently avoiding interference with licensed or unlicensed users. The OFDM based cognitive radio system is used for detection of signals. But in OFDM systems the...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Literature Survey on Various Frequent Pattern Mining Algorithm

    Data mining discovers hidden pattern in data sets and association between the patterns. In this association, rule mining is one of the techniques used to achieve the objective of data mining. These rules are effectively used to uncover unknown relationships producing result that can give the authors a basis for...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    A TMS DSP Processor Based Case Study of Grigoryan FFT Performance Over Cooley-Tukey FFT (TMS320C6748, TMS320C5515)

    Frequency analysis plays vital role in the applications like cryptanalysis, steganalysis, system identification, controller tuning, speech recognition, noise filters, etc. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) is a principal mathematical method for the frequency analysis. The way of splitting the DFT gives out various fast algorithms. In this paper, the authors present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Document-Based and URL-Based Features for Automatic Classification of Cross-Site Scripting in Web Pages

    Dynamic websites comprised of objects such as HTML tags, script functions, hyperlinks and advanced features in browsers which provides numerous resources and interactiveness in services currently provided on the Internet. However, these features have also increased security risks and attacks since they allow malicious codes injection or XSS (Cross-Site Scripting)....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Dijkstra Algorithm for Feeder Routing of Radial Distribution System

    This paper proposes the application of Dijkstra algorithm for feeder routing of radial distribution system. A complete network of available routes is considered and the optimization goal is to find the routes that provide the minimal total annual cost, which is obtained by the proposed algorithm. Distribution system planning mainly...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Informative Knowledge Discovery Using Multiple Data Sources, Multiple Features and Multiple Data Mining Techniques

    Data mining is a process of obtaining trends or patterns in historical data. Such trends form business intelligence that in turn leads to taking well informed decisions. However, data mining with a single technique does not yield actionable knowledge. This is because enterprises have huge databases and heterogeneous in nature....

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Sequential Pattern Mining Using Apriori Algorithm & Frequent Pattern Tree Algorithm

    The concept of Sequential Pattern Mining was first introduced by Rakesh Agrawal and Ramakrishnan Srikant in the year 1995. Sequential Patterns are used to discover sequential sub-sequences among large amount of sequential data. In web usage mining, Sequential Patterns are exploited to find sequential navigation patterns that appear in users'...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Cloud-Assisted Video Streaming Over QoS-Enabled Wireless Networks

    With the proliferation of inexpensive broadband connections, video streaming services over the Internet are growing rapidly. Delivering video over wireless networks is a challenging task, especially when high definition is required, due to its high bit rate, delay, and loss sensitivity. This paper presents a modified slicing scheme that can...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Neural Networks for Iris Recognition: Comparisons between LVQ and Cascade Forward Back Propagation Neural Network Models, Architectures and Algorithm

    In this paper, Iris recognition is a proven, accurate means to identify people. In this paper, it includes the preprocessing system, segmentation, feature extraction and recognition of an iris recognition system was suggested based on two Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models separately: Cascade Forward (CFBPNN) and Linear Vector Quantization (LVQ)....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering