IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 81-120 of 485 results

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad HocNetworks

    Ad hoc on demand distance vector routing protocol is specially designed for mobile ad hoc networks with reduced overhead using Expanding Ring Search technique. But energy consumption should also be considered in MANET due to battery constrain of the nodes. In this paper, the authors propose an energy efficient route...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Fingerprint Liveness Detection Using Wavelet

    Fingerprint verification is one of the most reliable personal identification methods. It plays a very important role in forensic and civilian applications. In this paper, the authors propose a simple and effective approach for fingerprint liveness detection based on the wavelet analysis of the finger tip surface texture. In present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    An Overview of Smart Antenna and a Survey on Direction of Arrival Estimation Algorithms for Smart Antenna

    Smart antenna systems is one of the most rapidly developing areas of communication. With effective Direction Of Arrival (DOA) and Beam forming techniques Smart Antenna Systems prove to be most efficient in terms of quality of signals in wireless communication. In this paper a brief overview of Smart Antenna along...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of Empirical Propagation Models for WiMAX in Urban Environment

    This paper presents a simulation study of different path loss empirical propagation models with measured field data in urban environment. The results are different if they are used in different environment other than in which they were designed For comparative analysis the authors use the Free Space path Loss model,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Evaluation of Uncoded Adaptive OFDM System Over AWGN Channel

    The demand for high-speed mobile wireless communications is rapidly growing. OFDM technology promises to be a key technique for achieving the high data capacity and spectral efficiency requirements for wireless communication systems of the near future. It is adopted as a standard for HYPERLAN & IEEE 802.11. It offers considerable...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Simulation of Rectangular Patch Antenna With Jeans Substrate

    There has been growing interest in researchers to merge wearable system technology with textile-technology. Utilization of textile material for development of antenna has been rapid due to wearable computing. A wearable antenna is meant to be a part of clothing used for communication purpose such as Tracking and navigation, health...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Stacked Multiband Microstrip Antenna

    In microstrip antenna research a new trend is found where the researchers improve antenna characteristics by introducing different structures within the antenna geometry. With the development of computational electromagnetic new approaches of analysis has become another branch of activity. This paper presents a design of stacked patch configuration of microstrip...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Study of Protocols (AODV, DSR)of MANET(Mobile Ad-Hoc Network)& Black Hole Attack InAODV

    Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes connected by wireless links. Due to Open medium, dynamic topology, distributed cooperation, ad-hoc networks are vulnerable to many types of security attacks. Black hole attack is one of the severe security threats which can be easily employed by exploiting...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Towards New Interfaces at Multitouch Technology

    In today's society, the way in which the people physically interact with electronic devices is changing how they are focused in their technological research. This change has led to many great advances, including the development of new interfaces at multi touch technology. Through the use of these new interfaces, the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Embedded Data Acquisition System for Mobile Applications

    This paper presents an interactive way to acquire the parametric data of moving application using of GPRS services. The total system is incorporated in the mobile application like car, bus, etc. The embedded system is designed with the help of microcontroller and user interface devices. The acquisition of the present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Cloud Migration Benefits and Its Challenges Issue

    Cloud computing is one of the emerging fields in the computer world these days. Cloud computing is attracting everyone with its benefits. Now companies are shifting their focus onto cloud computing. But to be a part of cloud computing environment and to take advantages of cloud computing, legacy applications need...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Improving Energy Efficiency Using LEARN Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks

    A number of energy-aware routing protocols were proposed to seek the energy efficiency of routes in Multihop wireless networks. Among them, several geographical localized routing protocols were proposed to help making smarter routing decision using only local information and reduce the routing overhead. However, all proposed localized routing methods cannot...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Surveillance on Manycasting Over Optical Burst Switching (OBS) Networks Under Secure Sparse Regeneration

    In wavelength-routed WDM optical networks requires regeneration for few light paths, when the strength of optical signal reduced and also security and privacy are essential before Optical Burst Switching (OBS) networks can become an everyday reality. Many-casting is a communication paradigm to implement the distributed applications. In many-casting, destinations can...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Printed Coupled Loop Wideband Antenna Design for Wireless Communication

    This paper explains the wideband loop antenna design for wireless communication. Printed antennas are supposed to be more attractive for mobile phone operations for achieving WWAN purposes. In mobile phones theses antenna usually cover the internal circuitry at the top or bottom of the device and they also require further...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis Strategy for Small and Medium Business Development Policy Gresik District in East Java

    This paper is the preparation of Policy Development Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Gresik regency, East Java. The expected outcome of this activity is the completion of SME Development Policy Gresik regency, East Java. This research included in this type of survey research (survey research). To identify and determine the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Literature Critique: \"Competition Law, Enforcement and the Australian Small Business Sector\"

    Various developed nations nowadays have put all their efforts to regulate competition laws for international market. And, Australia is not an exception to this implementation; the further growth and development of the Australian industries are mainly regulated by the Australian government in order to oversee if the organizations, business owners,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Competency as Determinants of Business Performance in SMEs

    This paper is to empirically test the influence of entrepreneurial characteristics and competencies on business performance in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This study was conducted with 147 SMEs owner in Malang regency East Java Indonesia using survey instrument. Data analysis using the structural equation modelling. The results of this...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    The Role of Knowledge Management on Individu, the Community and the Organization

    Adoption of Knowledge Management (KM) has become the emerging agenda in developing business strategies. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an emerging debate centered on the ways in which Knowledge Management (KM) might be give benefits and, in turn, how KM practice might be improved. Stills lightly...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Enhancement of Satellite Image Resolution With Moving Objects

    Satellite images are being used in many applications like Meteorology, Agriculture, Geology, Forestry, Landscape, Biodiversity, Planning, Education, Regional, Seismology and oceanography. The Enhanced satellite images make diagnostic details more obvious. The Image Enhancement is the main technique for improving the resolution and visual appearance of the image. One of the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Traffic Modelling for Capacity Analysis of CDMA Networks Using Lognormal Approximation Method

    This paper presents teletraffic modelling in cellular networks operating with Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) to assist in capacity analysis of such systems using statistical means. Since the introduction of CDMA, owing to capacity edge over other multiple access techniques, there is the need for tools that will assist in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Public Transportation Management Services by Integrating GSM-GPS

    This paper proposes and implements a solution for enhancing public transportation management services based on GPS and GSM in Andhra Pradesh. The system consists of four modules: BUS Station Module, In-BUS Module, BASE Station Module and BUS Stop Module. Equipped with PC and GSM modem, BUS Station Module sends the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design Analysis of a Security Lock System Using Pass-Code and Smart-Card

    In this paper, security lock system using Pass code and smart card has been achieved. It is a micro controller based system which aims at interfacing selected hardware components with software to obtain a higher degree of security. In achieving this work, seven major stages were considered in the design...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Modified ABC Algorithm & Its Application to Wireless Sensor Network Dynamic Deployment

    Wireless Sensor Networks plays a gargantuan role in instrumenting the modern day world; hence it is crucial to develop an optimal design flow. Out of the various Swarm intelligent algorithms developed so far, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm offers a vivid scope for this objective. First introduced for solving numerical...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis of Wimax Under Jamming Effect for Various Antennas

    Use of Internet is increasing day by day. Wi-Fi provides wireless access to the internet but range is limited to certain meters only. So concept of WiMAX is introduced to increase the range. WiMAX means worldwide interoperability for microwave access. WiMAX is also known as wireless broadband. The WiMAX based...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Unearthing the Compromised Nodes and Restoring Them in Wireless Sensor Network

    Sensor nodes are usually deployed in an open environment therefore they are subjected to various kinds of attacks like Worm Hole attack, Black Hole attack, False Data Injection attacks. Since the attackers can cause disruption and failure to the network, it's very important to detect these compromised nodes and revoke...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Local Oscillators Phase Noise Cancellation Methods

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme that employs a large number of orthogonal Closely-spaced sub-carriers. Each sub-carrier is modulated with a modulation scheme (QPSK or QAM generally) at a low symbol rate. Each of the sub-carrier is then multiplexed together and this forms the OFDM...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Physiological Parameter Monitoring and Recording System

    The design and development of a Zigbee smart non-invasive wearable physiological parameters monitoring device has been developed and reported in this paper. The system can be used to monitor physiological parameters, such as temperature and heart rate, of a human subject. The system consists of an electronic device which is...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Saving in Wireless Sensor Network Using Burst Algorithm

    A wireless sensor network is composed of a large number of low-cost devices distributed over a geographic area. Sensor nodes have limited processing capabilities therefore simplified protocol architecture should be designed so as to make communications simple and efficient. Moreover, the power supply unit is based on an energy-limited battery...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Using Mono-Alphabetic Substitution to Secure Against Threats and Risk in Information Technology

    The awareness the world over on Information Technology (IT) is a welcome development but calls for great care and concern. This is so as there are out there, many people with evil minds who see nothing good that they would not capitalize on. There are persons who would want to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Real Time Implementation of Nodes Self Scheduling Approach for Maximizing Wireless Sensor Network Lifetime

    To face the short lifetime of the WSN, the objective is to optimize energy consumption while maintaining the full sensing coverage. A major technique to save the energy is to use a wake-up scheduling protocol through which some nodes stay active whereas the others enter sleep state so as to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs

    Wireless communications are becoming the dominant form of transferring information, and the most active research field. In this dissertation, the authors will present one of the most applicable forms of Ad-Hoc networks; the Vehicular Ad-Hoc NETworks (VANETs). VANET is the technology of building a robust Ad-Hoc network between mobile vehicles...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Attack Determination and its Security Analysis for Personal Communication in VoIP Networks

    Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a technology that enables one to make and receive calls through the Internet instead of using the traditional analog PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) lines. Gtalk and Skype are frequently used for this purpose, which is a third party. So, the authors are utilizing...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Comparison and Analysis of PAPR Reduction Techniques in OFDM

    In this paper, different techniques for reducing Peak To Average Power Ratio (PAPR) is discussed. The performance of an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system is degraded if the Peak-to-Average Power Ratio(PAPR) is high. An OFDM system dynamic range is typically two or four times larger than a single carrier...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Image Inpainting Realization of GUI in JAVA Using Exemplar Method

    Image In-painting technique is of filling in holes in an image to preserve its overall continuity. There are many applications of this technique include the restoration of old photographs and damaged film; removal of labeled text like dates, subtitles, or publicity; and the removal of entire objects from the image...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Compact UWB Antenna With T-Shaped Slots and Staircase Ground Plane for Enhanced Bandwidth

    In the coming years, there is great demand for high-speed data transmissions on cost effective basis. In order to achieve the same a new technology known as the Ultra WideBand (UWB) has been used. This technology has revolutionary advantages of an unlicensed service that can be used anywhere, anytime, by...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Throughput Improvement for Cell Edge Users

    Users at the cell edge in a cellular network suffer from low data rate due to low SINR Cooperative transmission schemes which are used in wireless networks to improve the spectral efficiency. In this paper, the authors study the downlink capacity of edge users in a cellular network and see...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Microstrip Antenna for WLAN Application Using Probe Feed

    Microstrip patch antennas have been widely used in a various useful applications, due to their low weight and low profile, conformability, easy and cheap realization. A low profile patch antenna for WLAN application is proposed in this paper. This proposed antenna is made by using the probe feeding and aperture...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Mm Waves Role in Satellite Communication

    The frequency band of Millimeter Wave (MM Wave) in Electromagnetic spectrum is 30-300 GHz and is sometimes called the Extremely High Frequency (EHF) range. Apart from Radar system, communication system is another important application of MM Waves which proved better than Microwaves/optics in certain features. Certain characteristics of the earth's...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    An Efficient Hand-Geometry System for Biometric Identifications

    In this paper, the authors propose an efficient hand geometry based system to recognize individuals. Hand geometry used in this verification system utilizes some hand geometry features which cannot vary with small variation of palm position. In this work, users can place their hands freely without the need for pegs...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Embedded Ethernet Interface Using Arm Processor

    Currently device with microcontroller has been widely used in industrial field. However, a large number of devices don't have the network interface and the data from them cannot be transmitted in network. A design of ARM processor-based embedded Ethernet interface is presented. In the design, an existing SPI serial device...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Wireless Data Logging and Supervisory Control of Process Using Lab View

    Wireless data acquisition, data logging and supervisory control are the basic building blocks of plant automation. In this paper plant consisting of multiple boilers where multiple process variables of the boilers need to be acquired from the field is considered and analyzed. The data of the process variables needs to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Design of a Control Logic in a Dynamic Reconfigurable System

    this paper, the authors propose an architecture for controlling Dynamic Reconfigurable systems. The processor instructions when compiled one by one produces very high delay overhead. If these instructions are converted into a combinational logic then the overhead can be reduced thereby making the system an efficient one. This paper presents...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    VHDL Implementation of 8-Bit ALU

    In this paper VHDL implementation of 8-bit Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) is presented. The design was implemented using VHDL Xilinx Synthesis tool ISE 13.1 and targeted for Spartan device. ALU was designed to perform arithmetic operations such as addition and subtraction using 8-bit fast adder, logical operations such as AND,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Study of ICI Cancellation Techniques in OFDM

    OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) is a well known technique in 4G Broadband wireless communication systems. OFDM has high spectral efficiency but it suffers from frequency offset problem due to the difference between transmitter and receiver local oscillator frequencies which causes loss of orthogonality between subcarriers leading to ICI. This...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Fingerprint Based ATM Security by Using ARM7

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the security that customer use the ATM machine. Once user's bank card is lost and the password is stolen, the criminal will draw all cash in the shortest time, which will bring enormous financial losses to customer, so to rectify this problem...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Review on Methodologies of Remote Sensing, GPS and GIS

    Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technologies to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and oceans)...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Advance Scheme for Localization Using Curvilinear Component Analysis

    The performance of applications of wireless sensor network depend upon the precise location of the nodes. The localization protocol patches together the relative coordinate, local maps into a global coordinate map. These protocols require some nodes that know their absolute coordinates, called anchor nodes. While many factors influence the node...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Automatic Restaurant Order System Using Zigbee

    Automation is the Technology Concerned with Application of Mechanical, electronics & computer based systems to operate & control production. Due to advancement in technology the people have seen atomization of many things. They have seen an atomized vending machine which will serve a hot or soft drinks, Chocolates &many things....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Blind Channel Estimation Using Maximum Likelihood in OFDM Systems

    new blind channel estimation scheme for OFDM systems is based on the Maximum Likelihood (ML) principle. The approach combines different modulation schemes on adjacent subcarriers, such as BPSK and QPSK, to resolve phase ambiguity. By avoiding the use of second- and higher-order statistics, a very fast convergence rate is achieved....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    BPSK Transmitter Design Using FPGA With DAC and Pulse Shaping Filter to Minimize Inter-Symbol Interference(ISI)

    In contrast to the sophisticated implementation of Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) transmitter using Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), mixer, and Local Oscillator(LO) for carrier signal; Software Defined Radio (SDR) provides a high performance, efficient and re-configurable platform to integrate all these individual functions of BPSK transmitter. This paper presents...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Distributed Localization in Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks

    Localization has newly received research interest due to the success of the emerging Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology. This interest is expected to grow further with the proliferation of wireless sensor network applications such as medicine, military, transport. In this context routing, protocols and technologies of communication on those wireless...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad HocNetworks

    Ad hoc on demand distance vector routing protocol is specially designed for mobile ad hoc networks with reduced overhead using Expanding Ring Search technique. But energy consumption should also be considered in MANET due to battery constrain of the nodes. In this paper, the authors propose an energy efficient route...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Fingerprint Liveness Detection Using Wavelet

    Fingerprint verification is one of the most reliable personal identification methods. It plays a very important role in forensic and civilian applications. In this paper, the authors propose a simple and effective approach for fingerprint liveness detection based on the wavelet analysis of the finger tip surface texture. In present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Nonlinear Companding Transform Algorithm for Peak -to-Average Power Ratio Reduction of OFDM Signal

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is digital multicarrier Modulation access system for high data rate transfer .But it has high PEAK To Average Power Ratio which increases complexity of A/D Converter and D/A Converters and lowers the efficiency of power amplifiers. In this paper Repeated Clipping and Filtering (RCF) distortion...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    FPGA Implementation of MB-OFDM Using Biorthogonal Encoder

    UWB is a high data rate, short range technology .It transmits the information over a minimum bandwidth of 500 MHZ. Modern UWB systems use Modulation techniques such as OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing). The MB-OFDM proposal is selected for UWB system model. MultiBand OFDM (MB-OFDM) is a short-range wireless technology...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    New Fault Injection Approach for Network on Chip

    Packet-based on-chip interconnection networks, or Network-on-Chips (NoCs) are progressively replacing global on-chip interconnections in Multi-processor System-on-Chips (MP-SoCs) thanks to better performances and lower power consumption. However, modern generations of MP-SoCs have an increasing sensitivity to faults due to the progressive shrinking technology. Consequently, in order to evaluate the fault sensitivity...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Study and Analysis of Fractal Linear Antenna Arrays

    A fractal is a recursively generated object having a fractional dimension. They have no characteristic size, and are constructed of many copies of themselves at different scales. In this paper, the authors primarily focus on design of fractal linear array antenna for even number of elements and comparison of fractal...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Mar 2013

    Parametric Study for Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antennas

    Physically, MSA consists of a metallic radiating patch backed up by a dielectric substrate and a ground plane below that. These days, MSAs are widely used in many applications due to their inherent advantages such as low profile, lightweight, planer configuration and ease of fabrication. However, main limitation of MSAs...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    An Overview of Smart Antenna and a Survey on Direction of Arrival Estimation Algorithms for Smart Antenna

    Smart antenna systems is one of the most rapidly developing areas of communication. With effective Direction Of Arrival (DOA) and Beam forming techniques Smart Antenna Systems prove to be most efficient in terms of quality of signals in wireless communication. In this paper a brief overview of Smart Antenna along...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of Empirical Propagation Models for WiMAX in Urban Environment

    This paper presents a simulation study of different path loss empirical propagation models with measured field data in urban environment. The results are different if they are used in different environment other than in which they were designed For comparative analysis the authors use the Free Space path Loss model,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Evaluation of Uncoded Adaptive OFDM System Over AWGN Channel

    The demand for high-speed mobile wireless communications is rapidly growing. OFDM technology promises to be a key technique for achieving the high data capacity and spectral efficiency requirements for wireless communication systems of the near future. It is adopted as a standard for HYPERLAN & IEEE 802.11. It offers considerable...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Simulation of Rectangular Patch Antenna With Jeans Substrate

    There has been growing interest in researchers to merge wearable system technology with textile-technology. Utilization of textile material for development of antenna has been rapid due to wearable computing. A wearable antenna is meant to be a part of clothing used for communication purpose such as Tracking and navigation, health...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Stacked Multiband Microstrip Antenna

    In microstrip antenna research a new trend is found where the researchers improve antenna characteristics by introducing different structures within the antenna geometry. With the development of computational electromagnetic new approaches of analysis has become another branch of activity. This paper presents a design of stacked patch configuration of microstrip...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Study of Protocols (AODV, DSR)of MANET(Mobile Ad-Hoc Network)& Black Hole Attack InAODV

    Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes connected by wireless links. Due to Open medium, dynamic topology, distributed cooperation, ad-hoc networks are vulnerable to many types of security attacks. Black hole attack is one of the severe security threats which can be easily employed by exploiting...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Towards New Interfaces at Multitouch Technology

    In today's society, the way in which the people physically interact with electronic devices is changing how they are focused in their technological research. This change has led to many great advances, including the development of new interfaces at multi touch technology. Through the use of these new interfaces, the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Embedded Data Acquisition System for Mobile Applications

    This paper presents an interactive way to acquire the parametric data of moving application using of GPRS services. The total system is incorporated in the mobile application like car, bus, etc. The embedded system is designed with the help of microcontroller and user interface devices. The acquisition of the present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Surveillance on Manycasting Over Optical Burst Switching (OBS) Networks Under Secure Sparse Regeneration

    In wavelength-routed WDM optical networks requires regeneration for few light paths, when the strength of optical signal reduced and also security and privacy are essential before Optical Burst Switching (OBS) networks can become an everyday reality. Many-casting is a communication paradigm to implement the distributed applications. In many-casting, destinations can...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Improving Energy Efficiency Using LEARN Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks

    A number of energy-aware routing protocols were proposed to seek the energy efficiency of routes in Multihop wireless networks. Among them, several geographical localized routing protocols were proposed to help making smarter routing decision using only local information and reduce the routing overhead. However, all proposed localized routing methods cannot...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Printed Coupled Loop Wideband Antenna Design for Wireless Communication

    This paper explains the wideband loop antenna design for wireless communication. Printed antennas are supposed to be more attractive for mobile phone operations for achieving WWAN purposes. In mobile phones theses antenna usually cover the internal circuitry at the top or bottom of the device and they also require further...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Design of Framework for AGRI-CLOUD

    Information technology is used in various fields like education, business, medicine, Weather forecasting systems, communications etc., but not used vastly in agriculture sector which is main livelihood for majority of people in rural areas and which also drives economy in developing countries like India, China, Brazil etc., and also over...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Efficient Load Balancing in Cloud Computing Using Fuzzy Logic

    Cloud computing is an expanding area in research and industry today, which involves virtualization, distributed computing, internet, software and web services. A cloud consists of several elements such as clients, data centers and distributed servers, internet and it includes fault tolerance, high availability, effectiveness, scalability, flexibility, reduced overhead for users,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Challenging Computing Techniques - An Overview of Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing, whereby shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices on-demand, like electricity. It is a new generation of computing that utilizes distant servers for data storage and management, allowing the device to use smaller and more efficient chips that consume...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    Evaluation of UWB Interference on WiMAX

    This paper describes the analysis of UWB interference on WiMax systems. Co-existence between these two systems is important due to unlicensed use of 3.1 to 10.6 GHz frequency band by UWB. The interference impact of UWB devices entirely depends on the victim receiver characteristics. From the knowledge of noise density...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    Rapid Growth of Customer Use and Adoption of the Broadcasting Agent and Receivers: A Driving M-Commerce Factor

    The success of M-commerce credit goes to the M-commerce driving factors. The driving factor instruct that the factor which is responsible and necessary for enabling the M-commerce. There are Radio broadcasting, telephone broadcasting, television broadcasting, cable radio broadcasting, satellite broadcasting and web casting considering as broadcasting agent. It is observed...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Nov 2011

    A New Algorithm to Find Best Splitting Criteria for Web Page Classification

    Web is popular as the availability of data is vast. It contains several billions of HTML documents, pictures and other multi media files. These documents reside on Internet servers and the information-exchange can be done through HTTP protocols. Individual HTML files having unique address is called Web page and collection...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Innovative HR Strategies for SMEs

    The small and medium scale enterprises being very volatile in nature take high amount of risk. It is therefore imperative for them to address the uncertainty through reliable and loyal work force which can shoulder them in good and bad times. HR has the challenge of attracting talent on role...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis Strategy for Small and Medium Business Development Policy Gresik District in East Java

    This paper is the preparation of Policy Development Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Gresik regency, East Java. The expected outcome of this activity is the completion of SME Development Policy Gresik regency, East Java. This research included in this type of survey research (survey research). To identify and determine the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Literature Critique: \"Competition Law, Enforcement and the Australian Small Business Sector\"

    Various developed nations nowadays have put all their efforts to regulate competition laws for international market. And, Australia is not an exception to this implementation; the further growth and development of the Australian industries are mainly regulated by the Australian government in order to oversee if the organizations, business owners,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    A New Approach to Volunteer Cloud Computing

    Volunteer cloud computing is based on the concept where highly distributed non-dedicated resources are harnessed to build a cloud so as to offer cloud services. As volunteer clouds are allowed to communicate with each other and with other commercial clouds also, it's necessary to implement an enhanced interoperable environment. The...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Requirements and Challenges for Securing Cloud Applications and Services

    Adopting cloud computing is a complex decision involving many factors. This paper focuses on the central issues of cloud computing security. The cloud computing architectural framework provides a conceptual framework to help evaluate initial cloud risks and inform security decisions. It's a quick method for evaluating the tolerance for moving...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering