IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 201-240 of 498 results

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Survey over VANET Routing Protocols for Vehicle to Vehicle Communication

    VANET (Vehicular Ad-hoc NETwork) is an emerging new technology with some unique characteristics that makes it different from other ad hoc network. Due to rapid topology changing and frequent disconnection it is also difficult to design an efficient routing protocol for routing data among vehicles, called V2V or vehicle to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Transaction Security Using Input Based Shared Key Cryptography

    Mobile devices are growing day by day, so the mobile database. Transactions from ATM machines are a good example of wireless Transactions. Since these transaction flows using medium as air hence security is a issue till the transaction reaches the Base station from where the transaction is much more secure...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Application of Computational Intelligence Paradigm in the Probabilistic Routing for Intermittently Connected Network.

    In this project an approach is being made to use Fuzzy Logic (a computational intelligence paradigm) in the Probabilistic routing protocol for intermittently connected network: delay tolerant network. Communication between two mobile nodes in an infrastructure less network is possible if they are within the wireless communication range. Delay Tolerant...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Review on Snoop with Rerouting in Wired Cum Wireless Networks

    TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) has been performing well over the traditional wired networks. However it cannot react efficiently in wireless network where packet losses occur mostly because of congestion and wired cum wireless networks where the significant packet losses are due to bit errors or handoffs. In order to evaluate...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Design and Construction of a Mobile Security Surveillance System with Wireless Data Transmission

    The microcontroller based portable image acquisition and wireless data transmission is a security surveillance device. This can be used in monitoring of an area for effective image capturing and image data transmission. It combines the effectual hardware and software components and brings an output through blinking bulb and there is...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Evaluating and Modeling Proactive Routing Protocols with Route Stabilities Using 802.11 DCF and 802.11e EDCF

    This paper contributes modeling links and route stabilities in three diverse wireless routing protocols. For this purpose, the authors select three extensively utilized proactive protocols; Destination-Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV), Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) and Fish-eye State Routing (FSR). They also enhance the performance of these protocols by modifying their...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Civilizing Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Network Using Bacteria Foraging Algorithm

    WSN has the potentiality to join the physical world with the virtual world by creating a network of sensor nodes. Here, sensor nodes are usually battery-operated devices, and hence energy reduction of sensor nodes is a major design issue. To extend the network's lifetime, minimization of energy consumption should be...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Implementing Security on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Network: A Practical Approach

    The internet has been undergoing rapid and continuous growth over the past few years. The most significant development the telecommunication industry has witnessed is the evolution of Voice over IP technology. This technology uses the internet as a medium for transmitting voice during a telephone conversation between two or more...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Study on Various Protocols Developed Under Intrusion Detection System in Adhoc Networks

    In Computer Networks a number of security techniques provide security consolation but not up to optimal security extent. There are massive attacks and efficient viruses travel across the network which incapacitates computer system and default configuration of the operating system. Preceding techniques can capture anomalous activities and previous known attacks...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Active Source Routing Protocol in Mobile Network

    The vision of nomadic computing with its ubiquitous access has stimulated much interest in the Mobile Ad-hoc NETworking (MANET) technology. However, its proliferation strongly depends on the availability of security provisions, among other factors. The authors address the problem of secure and fault-tolerant communication in the presence of adversaries across...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Preventing Spoofing Attacks in Mobile Banking Based on User Input Pattern - Based Authentication

    Mobile banking has become very attractive and useful facility from customers and services provider point of view. However, this domain has evidenced many security threats. Attackers target this domain for financial or other benefits. In spite of many security measures being taken by mobile service providers and application providers, still...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    An Adaptive Secure Fuzzy Multicast Communication in Large Scale Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Multicast protocols in MANETs must consider control overhead for maintenance, energy efficiency of nodes and routing trees managements to frequent changes of network topology. Now-a-days Multicast protocols extended with Cluster based approach. Cluster based multicast tree formation is still research issues. The tree reconstruction of cluster-based multicast routing protocol will...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Optimization of Emergency Response System Using Cellular Network

    VANET is a specific class of Ad-hoc network. Applications of VANET vary from safety applications like warning signals, keeping safe distance among vehicles to non-safety applications like traffic congestion, route information, Internet access. Timely help in emergencies like fire, medical etc. is of utmost importance. Response time can be reduced...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Cloud Computing Framework for Ethiopian Higher Education Institutions

    Educational institutions throughout the World have become highly dependent on information technology for their teaching-learning, service delivery and business requirements. Procuring and maintaining a wide range of hardware and software require substantial, ongoing investment and the skills to support them. In the current financial crisis and being challenged by growing...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    DTADA: Distributed Trusted Agent Based Detection Approach for Doline and Sensor Cloning Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) have diverse field of application, but it is extremely much prone to the security threats. This paper proposes a lightweight, fast, efficient and mobile agent technology based security solution against cloning attack and do-line attack for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). WSN has a dynamic topology, irregular...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Comparative Analysis on Mobility Aware and Stateless Multicast Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

    In this paper, the author has studied the performance of multicast routing protocols in wireless mobile ad-hoc networks. In MANET, for a protocol to be more efficient and high robust is a difficult task, due to the mobility of nodes and dynamic topology. It discovers the routing path by broadcasting...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Survey on Network Layer Multicast Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) comprises set of mobile nodes which forms different networking infrastructure in ad hoc manner. Multicasting a group oriented communication approach plays a vital role in this mobile infrastructure less networks as it finds applications in major fields such as military warfare, emergency situations, Conventions etc....

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Comparison LEACH and HEED Cluster Based Protocol for Wireless Senser Network

    In the present paper wireless sensor network for hierarchical network protocol of LEACH and HEED this is theory concept that how to data gathering. The authors' protocol aims to dynamically change the data Gathering period according to the Gathering quality. The timing scheme will find the minimum Gathering period that...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Securing Data Using Pre-Filtering and Traceback Method

    In this paper, the authors propose RegEx-Filter (pre-filtering approach) and IP traceback method to trace unauthorized access incidents in the Internet; the current control technologies cannot stop specific way of access. The basic idea is to generate the RegEx print from RegEx set and use it in prefiltering most unmatched...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Privacy Protection in Cloud Computing by Using Cryptographic Technique.

    Cloud computing technology is very useful in present day to day life, this cloud computing techniques uses the internet and central remote servers to the maintain data as well as applications. Cloud computing permits consumers and businesses to use such applications without getting any installation and can access their data...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Cross Layer Protocol for Improving the Performance of Ad Hoc Networks

    To implement the cross layer protocol for improving the performance of multi-hop wireless network by routing, scheduling the transmission and traffic management. Unicast and multicast routes are established in coordination with the scheduling of transmissions and bandwidth reservations in a way that bandwidth and delay guarantees can be enforced on...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Real-time Protection Mechanism for Social Networking Sites Using Proxy Server

    In the past few years, Social Networking (SN) websites such as Face book, Orkut, twitter and MySpace become very popular. SN sites are defined as interactive web-based applications that provide users with the ability to join groups, chat, share photos, and organize events and network with others in a similar-to-real-life...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Capital Market and the Development of the Small and Medium - Scale Enterprises in Nigeria

    This paper looked at the need to incorporate the Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) into the capital market in Nigeria as a means of raising capital for their operations. The findings of the paper found that the growth in the transactions of the quoted companies has been fluctuating over...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Design and Implementation of Mobile Learning using 3G Technology

    Mobile learning is new. It is currently difficult to define, conceptualize and discuss. It could perhaps be a wholly new and distinct educational format, needing to set its own standards and expectations. Mobile learning has becomes another very important complement to the traditional ways of learning after digital learning. The...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    MMSE-V-BLAST Optimal-Ordering In Different Channels

    The Bell Labs lAyered Space-Time (BLAST) algorithm is simple, and hence, a popular choice for a Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) receiver. Because of the difficulties that arise due to the optimal ordering in terms of BER, while considering real analytical evaluations, the one and only solution is by introducing OSIC schemes to...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Data Clustering with Leaders and Subleaders Algorithm

    In this paper, an efficient hierarchical clustering algorithm, suitable for large data sets is proposed for effective clustering and prototype selection for pattern classification. It is another simple and efficient technique which uses incremental clustering principles to generate a hierarchical structure for finding the subgroups/subclusters within each cluster. As an...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Survey of Related Technologies for Improved Spectrum Efficiency

    The most noted effect of rapid growth in wireless networks in recent years has been the issues of spectrum usage and management because of its importance in wireless communication as the medium of data transmission. Efficient utilization of spectrum has been the major concerns in spectrum management over recent years...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Cloud Computing and ACPI: An Approach to Implement Better Energy Management Towards Green IT

    Cloud computing has proved to be a major breakthrough in terms of green computing. Cloud computing is one of the few technologies which offers the possibility of reducing energy consumption and carbon releases with almost negligible disturbance to business activities. The positives of this technology in terms of servicing and...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    A Study of Diverse Wireless Network

    Wireless network refers to any type of computer network that is not connected by cables of any kind. It is a method by which homes, telecommunications networks and enterprise installations avoid the costly process of introducing cables into a building, or as a connection between various equipment locations. This paper...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2012

    Secure Outsourcing of Linear Optimization in Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing has become a reality which is capable of enabling general public and organizations to make use of huge computational resources without capital investment in pay per use fashion. This new paradigm allows customers who have no much computational resources to outsource their expensive computational workloads to cloud and...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Service-Oriented Architecture based Global Positioning System

    The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information, anywhere on or near the Earth. The GPS provides critical capabilities to military, civil and commercial users around the world. This paper present a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) based Global Positioning System (GPS)....

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Hardware/Software Co-Simulation of BPSK Modulator Using Xilinx System Generator

    In this paper, the authors present a theoretical background overview of the digital communication systems and the BPSK modulation. The BPSK modulation represents an important modulation technique in terms of signal power. The BPSK system is simulated using Mat lab/ Simulink environment and system generator, a tool from Xilinx used...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Vehicle Obstacles Avoidance Using Vehicle-To Infrastructure Communication

    VANET is a technology where vehicles are considered as mobile nodes to create a mobile network. In the existing model, vehicle obstructs the communication between other vehicles will not be considered as an obstacle. Due to existing model the impact on the LOS (Line Of Sight) obstruction, received signal power,...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Interference and Noise Detection in a Cognitive Radio Environment

    Now-a-days cellular and handheld devices hold up most of the data exchange services that is one currently and they widely use high speed data links causing increased usage of available spectrum. However these devices are not always in use so the links stays void sometime and using those void links...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design of High Speed Reconfigurable Coprocessor for Multiplier/Adder and Subtractions Operations

    As the quantity of data transmission and reception increases, there is a gradual increase in bandwidth on demand and quality of service. This further increases data traffic which leads to loss of information, reduced accuracy and reliability. To overcome this drawback, the authors proposed coprocessor can be used for communication...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Security Framework for Wireless Sensor Networks: IBE-Trust

    The importance of key management protocol in ensuring secure communications in WSN is undeniable. This paper presents an IBE-Trust security framework utilizing the well-known identity based encryption scheme not to only establish secure communications but to ensure the trustworthiness of the communication between sensor nodes and base station. The framework...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Wireless Sensor Network: An Emerging Technology

    Wireless sensor network is a special kind of network that differs from the conventional communication networks in terms of architecture and deployment. Dynamic in nature, the wireless sensor networks have added a new dimension not only to the further exploration in a hard-to-reach environment, but also to the complexity of...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design and Construct of Broadband Printed Rectangular Monopole Antenna

    In this paper, the authors have investigated an rectangular monopole antenna that was printed on a Printed Circuit Board (PCB). The antenna consists of a rectangular patch and a ground plane so that the antenna acts as a planar monopole antenna which is broadband. Broadband planar monopole antennas have all...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Adaptive Bandwidth Allocation in Wireless Networks With Multiple Degradable Quality of Service

    In Wireless/Mobile networks various kinds of encoding schemes were used for transmission of data over a bandwidth. The desired quality and generated traffic varies with the requirement with this bandwidth. A generic video telephony may require more than 40 kbps whereas a low motion video telephony may require about 25...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Handset Antenna Design for Mobile Communication System

    Monopole slot antenna is suitable for handset applications due to its simple planar structure. Besides that, it is compact, low cost, low profile and easy to manufacture. It also has wide bandwidth and omnidirectional charatriesticts. The monopole antenna is obtained by cutting monopole slot at the edge of the ground...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Novel Octagonal UWB Antenna for Cognitive Radio

    This paper presents about a new antenna design of ultra wide band antenna for cognitive radio wireless communication. This antenna consists of an irregular octagon (polygon with 8 sides) aperture on a printed circuit board; ground plane. This antenna was simulated in ADS (Advanced Design System) Momentum. The feeding point...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Dynamic Network Reconstruction Approach Using ACO

    Energy efficiency and reliability are always the main concern in wireless sensor networks. In a sensor network the nodes are present with limited energy and with each transmission they loss some energy. It is required to minimize the rerouting to save the energy loss. The authors proposed an algorithm to...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Review on Substrate Integrated Waveguide and Its Microstrip Interconnect

    Substrate Integrated Waveguides (SIW) are used for transmission of Electromagnetic waves. They are planar structures belonging to the family of Substrate Integrated Circuits. Because of their planar nature, they can be fabricated on planar circuits like Printed Circuit Boards (PCB) and can be integrated with other planar transmission lines like...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    To Study the Effect of Center Frequency and Bandwidth on Quality Factor of Microstrip Interdigital Bandpass Filter

    Bandpass filter is a device that can be used in both transmitter and receiver in several communication systems, such as mobile phones, terrestrial network, satellite communication and many other applications. In this paper inter-digital bandpass filter with under coupled quarter wavelength resonator is proposed. In this paper, the authors studied...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna for Microwave Applications

    In this paper, the authors present a fractal shape slot based patch antenna for multiband operations. The fractal shape slot is designed on the rectangular patch and the antenna is fed through a microstrip line. The proposed design and feeding technique allows the antenna to operate at multiple frequencies in...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Investigation of Dual Meander Slot to Microstrip Patch Antenna

    A dual microstrip meander slot antenna is presented for Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) application. The proposed antenna comprises a rectangular microstrip patch element embedded with two meander slots. The parametric study is performed to investigate the characteristic of microstrip patch antenna with double meandered slots compared to the same...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Implementation of ALU Using Asynchronous Design

    Power consumption has become one of the biggest challenges in design of high performance microprocessors. In this paper, the authors present a design technique using GALs (Globally-Asynchronous Locally-Synchronous) for implementing asynchronous ALUs, which aims to eliminate the global clock. Here ALUs are designed with delay insensitive dual rail four phase...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Multiple Symbol Differential Detection of MPSK Which Is Invariant to Frequency Offset Using Maximum-Likelihood Detection

    It is well-known that classical differential detection of MPSK signals, wherein the information is encoded as the first order phase difference, is a simple and robust form of communication in environments not subject to frequency variation. For channels that introduce into the carrier a random frequency shift, e.g., those associated...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Digital Pheromone Scheme in Wireless Sensor and Robot Networks

    In this paper, the authors design a bio-inspired patrolling algorithm based on digital pheromone. As events have different importance, they refer to them as having different priorities. In their patrolling schemes, robots efficiently handle as many high priority events as possible. Inspired by the pheromone-based communication among ants, they introduce...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    CEMR: Congestion Evasion Multicast Routing to Maximize Throughput for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    This paper is focused on a new solution for congestion evasion in ad hoc multicast routing that referred as Congestion Evasion Multicast Routing short CEMR. CEMR is aimed at Congestion Evasion in Multicast Mobile Ad hoc routing protocol. The current MAC level routing strategy is independent which can work with...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Virtual Wi-Fi for Single Hopping

    Single hopping is implemented by using software approach over IEEE802.11WLAN card using orthogonality concept and protocol. Most feature of single hopping is to achieve virtual Wi-Fi network. Design parameters of this approach are time delay and energy consumption .There are many scenarios where a wireless device connect to virtual Wi-Fi...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Performance Analysis of Different M-ARY Modulation Techniques Over Wireless Fading Channel

    Cellular communication systems are the most widely used wireless communication systems. It is the people primary need today to achieve the higher data rates in limited spectrum bandwidth to improve the performance of signals. The authors know digital communication system outperforms analog ones in terms of noise performance and flexibility....

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Data Link Control in Data Communication

    DLC is the service provided by the Data Link layer of function defined in the Open Systems Interconnection OSI model for network communication. The Data Link layer is responsible for providing reliable data transfer across one physical link (or telecommunications path) within the network. Technical communication systems are developed to...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    A Review on Designing of the Dual Reflector Axially Symmetric Cassegrain Antenna

    Dual reflector antennas are considered as pencil beam antennas that can produce radiation identical to searchlight. Cassegrain Reflector Antenna Design consists of various effects caused by blockage by primary feed or by the sub-reflector and its effect on overall performance. The objective of the paper is to provide the overview...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Secure Surveillance Using Virtual Intelligent Agent With Dominating Influence

    As it is known embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform a dedicated function. As a spice the authors also included robotics domain and achieved this project successfully. In this project, an automation surveillance system is achieved using PIR sensor which detects the human. Also the robot...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    RR-MAC: Receiver Reservation MAC Protocol With Time-Division for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Wireless sensors networks are potentially employed in various fields such as defense system, target tracking, target monitoring, wildlife monitoring and disaster management. The node's of a wireless sensor network consists of three main parts-processor, transmitter/receiver and memory unit. For these parts to be operational in an efficient way, the battery...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Performance Evolution for Frequency Invariance for Double Differential Detection System

    The Evolution of Multiple Symbol Differential Detection (MSDD) of double differential QAM signal is studied in the presence of frequency offset, phase offset and additive white Gaussian noise. It is shown that in the case of nonzero frequency offset distorts the transmitted signal through attenuating its amplitude and MSDD receiver...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Optimization of ECAT Through DA-DCT

    Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) is a widely used tool in image and video compression applications. Recently, the high-throughput DCT designs have been adopted to fit the requirements of real-time application. Operating the shifting and addition in parallel, an Error-Compensated Adder-Tree (ECAT) is proposed to deal with the truncation errors and...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Patch Antenna Array Fault Modeling and Its Monitoring

    The On/Off faults are among the most prominent hazards observed in antenna arrays. They behave like a catalyst towards steady degradation of the circuit's performance. This paper is regarding fault monitoring in the microstrip patch antenna array. The fault modeling, included here is single and double fault models of the...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Broadband Rectangular Ring Slot Microstrip Antenna With High Return Loss and Also Compare With Rectangular MSA

    Antennas are a very important component of communication systems. By definition, an antenna is a device used to transform an RF signal, traveling on a conductor, in to an electromagnetic wave in free space the broadband circularly polarized MSA, play a vital role in wireless communication due to its low-profile,...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Comparative Analysis of Bandwidth Enhancement of Microstrip Patch Antennas Using Various Geometries

    This paper discusses the comparative study of BandWidth (BW) enhancement technique of Microstrip Patch Antenna (MSA) using various geometries. A simple Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMSA) was designed and simulated using Zeland's Method of Moment (MoM) based EM simulation package IE3D and its various parameters such as return loss, VSWR...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    To Study the Effect of BER and Q-Factor in Intersatellite Optical Wireless Communication System

    The system performance plays a great role in analyzing the characteristics of optical wireless communication link. This paper describes the effect of bit error ratio and quality factor in communication system. The effect of diameter antennae with received power and distance is also analyzed in this paper. The value of...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Three Dimensional-Chips

    This paper illustrates the performance advantages of 3D integrated circuits with two specific examples, namely 3D-FPGA and 3D-SRAM. Three-dimensional Chip (3D IC, 3D-IC, or 3-D IC) is a chip in which two or more layers of active electronic components are integrated both vertically and horizontally into a single circuit. The...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Traffic Modelling for Capacity Analysis of CDMA Networks Using Lognormal Approximation Method

    This paper presents teletraffic modelling in cellular networks operating with Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) to assist in capacity analysis of such systems using statistical means. Since the introduction of CDMA, owing to capacity edge over other multiple access techniques, there is the need for tools that will assist in...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Public Transportation Management Services by Integrating GSM-GPS

    This paper proposes and implements a solution for enhancing public transportation management services based on GPS and GSM in Andhra Pradesh. The system consists of four modules: BUS Station Module, In-BUS Module, BASE Station Module and BUS Stop Module. Equipped with PC and GSM modem, BUS Station Module sends the...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design Analysis of a Security Lock System Using Pass-Code and Smart-Card

    In this paper, security lock system using Pass code and smart card has been achieved. It is a micro controller based system which aims at interfacing selected hardware components with software to obtain a higher degree of security. In achieving this work, seven major stages were considered in the design...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Modified ABC Algorithm & Its Application to Wireless Sensor Network Dynamic Deployment

    Wireless Sensor Networks plays a gargantuan role in instrumenting the modern day world; hence it is crucial to develop an optimal design flow. Out of the various Swarm intelligent algorithms developed so far, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm offers a vivid scope for this objective. First introduced for solving numerical...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis of Wimax Under Jamming Effect for Various Antennas

    Use of Internet is increasing day by day. Wi-Fi provides wireless access to the internet but range is limited to certain meters only. So concept of WiMAX is introduced to increase the range. WiMAX means worldwide interoperability for microwave access. WiMAX is also known as wireless broadband. The WiMAX based...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Unearthing the Compromised Nodes and Restoring Them in Wireless Sensor Network

    Sensor nodes are usually deployed in an open environment therefore they are subjected to various kinds of attacks like Worm Hole attack, Black Hole attack, False Data Injection attacks. Since the attackers can cause disruption and failure to the network, it's very important to detect these compromised nodes and revoke...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Local Oscillators Phase Noise Cancellation Methods

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme that employs a large number of orthogonal Closely-spaced sub-carriers. Each sub-carrier is modulated with a modulation scheme (QPSK or QAM generally) at a low symbol rate. Each of the sub-carrier is then multiplexed together and this forms the OFDM...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Physiological Parameter Monitoring and Recording System

    The design and development of a Zigbee smart non-invasive wearable physiological parameters monitoring device has been developed and reported in this paper. The system can be used to monitor physiological parameters, such as temperature and heart rate, of a human subject. The system consists of an electronic device which is...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Saving in Wireless Sensor Network Using Burst Algorithm

    A wireless sensor network is composed of a large number of low-cost devices distributed over a geographic area. Sensor nodes have limited processing capabilities therefore simplified protocol architecture should be designed so as to make communications simple and efficient. Moreover, the power supply unit is based on an energy-limited battery...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Using Mono-Alphabetic Substitution to Secure Against Threats and Risk in Information Technology

    The awareness the world over on Information Technology (IT) is a welcome development but calls for great care and concern. This is so as there are out there, many people with evil minds who see nothing good that they would not capitalize on. There are persons who would want to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Real Time Implementation of Nodes Self Scheduling Approach for Maximizing Wireless Sensor Network Lifetime

    To face the short lifetime of the WSN, the objective is to optimize energy consumption while maintaining the full sensing coverage. A major technique to save the energy is to use a wake-up scheduling protocol through which some nodes stay active whereas the others enter sleep state so as to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs

    Wireless communications are becoming the dominant form of transferring information, and the most active research field. In this dissertation, the authors will present one of the most applicable forms of Ad-Hoc networks; the Vehicular Ad-Hoc NETworks (VANETs). VANET is the technology of building a robust Ad-Hoc network between mobile vehicles...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    A Mobile Robot Navigation System Using RFID Technology

    Skilled navigation in mobile robotics usually requires solving two problems pertaining to the knowledge of the position of the robot, and to a motion control strategy. When no prior knowledge of the environment is available, the problem becomes even more challenging, since the robot has to build a map of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Cloud Deployment Model and Cost Analysis in Multicloud

    Cloud computing is a revolution in the way it offers computational capability. The information technology organizations do not need to oversize the infrastructure anymore, potentially reducing the cost of deploying a service. The two main objective of this paper is to study a cloud deployment model which involves user, broker,...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Gain Enhancement of Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Dual-FSS Superstrate Layer for ISM Band

    In this paper, an effort is made to optimize the gain to show better performance analysis on the basis of design and simulation results by implementing FSS structured superstrate layer with circular microstrip patch antenna at operating frequency of 5.8 GHz for ISM Band applications. In this proposed antenna, co-axial...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Performance Improvement of OFDM Using Subcarrier Frequency Diversity

    Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM) uses a large number of closely spaced orthogonal sub-carrier signals to carry data. The orthogonality allows for efficient modulator and demodulator implementation using the Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) algorithm on the receiver side, and inverse FFT on the sender side. The primary advantage of OFDM over...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Design and Implementation Based on Amba4.0 of Apb Bridge

    ARM introduced the Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) 4.0 specifications which includes Advanced eXtensiable Interface (AXI) 4.0. AMBA bus protocol has become the de facto standard SoC bus. That means more and more existing IPs must be able to communicate with AMBA4.0 bus. Based on AMBA 4.0 bus, the authors...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering