IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 241-280 of 485 results

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    P2P Reputation Management Scheme Using a Cryptographic Protocol

    Reputation management in a Peer-To-Peer network is difficult as challenges are posed by lack of centralized authority. For this reason P2P (Peer-To-Peer) network is vulnerable which can facilitate non-cooperation, cheating, leaching on the network and propagation of malicious code. The security model used for centralized C/S systems is not suitable...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Dynamic Method to Detect IP Spoofing on Data Network Using Ant Algorithm

    A data packet is typically forwarded from one router to another through networks that constitute the internetwork until it gets to its destination node. At the same time routers in the Internet do not perform any security verification of the source IP address contained in the packets. The lack of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Aviris Hyperspectral Images Compression Using 3D Spiht Algorithm

    Hyperspectral sequence image is compressed using 3D Discrete Wavelet Transform (3D DWT) to decorrelate the three dimensions of hyperspectral image. Than the sequence is encoded efficiently by the 3D SPIHT algorithm, which operates on the pyramid structure of wavelet coefficients obtained. After decompression, the image evaluated by the PSNR, are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Prevention of Attacks in Internet Controlled Embedded Applications

    Embedded systems are becoming a main solution to many specific tasks because of this high stability, minimal power consumption, portability and numerous useful. Now-a-days, many new applications are developed using embedded system. This paper deals with the issues related to embedded applications when they are implemented in Internet. There are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    FPGA Implementation of Systolic Array Architecture for 3D-DWT Optimizing Speed and Power

    Demand for high speed and low power architectures for image/video compression algorithms are increasing with scaling in VLSI technology. Video sequences are considered as 3D sequences and are compressed using 3D DWT architectures. In this paper, systolic array architectures for 2D DWT have been modified and have been used in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Hybrid Model On Data Clustering and Computational Intelligence for Bank Crisis Classification and Prediction

    The prediction of bank failures is an important academic topic of which many have used artificial intelligence methods to build an early warning system for this purpose. The objective of this paper is to enhance the accuracy in predicting bank failures by proposing two hybrid models. In this paper, two...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design and Implementing of Serial Ports to Ethernet Gateway on Embedded System

    The use of the multi-serial/Ethernet conversion gateway simplifies the networked control and distributed management of information for serial devices. So the design of a new type of gateway for data converting from serial ports to Ethernet based on embedded system is highlighted in this paper. The design is based on...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Harms Associated with Cellular Towers (CDMA vs GSM)

    The use of mobile phone is increasing enormously, and hence has become a subject of recent interest and study, due to use of ElectroMagnetic (EM) wave in the microwave range and produces radiation. Various physiological studies have found that the excessive Radio Frequency (RF) wave exposure affects the biological systems...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Memorized Window Consolidation (MWC) Based TCP Recovery for Vegas and B/w Based Congestion Control

    In this paper, the authors present a framework for unanimous TCP flow window size recovery, "Memorized flow recovery", which differs from most TCP algorithms by memorized window size consolidation as measure to control the window size increment post link recovery from disconnection. It identifies the window size in use during...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Study and Performance Evaluation of Xilinx HDLC Controller and FCS Calculator

    In this paper, design, simulation and implementation design of HDLC Controller provides a high performance. This design is then coded in a Hardware Description Language (VHDL). The functioning of the coded design is to simulate on simulation software (e.g. ModelSim). After proper simulation, the design is synthesized and then translated...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Management of Future Internet with Autonomic Network Architecture and Model

    Research efforts a strong foundation towards standardization of architectural principals of the managing future Internet. Autonomic network engineering for managing Future Internet (AFI) has been established under the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI). AFI has been focusing on scenarios, use cases, and requirements for autonomic self managing future Internet, as...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Survey on Object Detect, Track and Identify Using Video Surveillance

    Network video surveillance has been a popular security application for many years. Target tracking in a cluttered environment remains one of the challenging problems of video surveillance. The task of target tracking is a key component of video surveillance and monitoring systems. It provides input to high-level processing such as...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Secure Surveillance Using Virtual Intelligent Agent With Dominating Influence

    As it is known embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform a dedicated function. As a spice the authors also included robotics domain and achieved this project successfully. In this project, an automation surveillance system is achieved using PIR sensor which detects the human. Also the robot...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    RR-MAC: Receiver Reservation MAC Protocol With Time-Division for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Wireless sensors networks are potentially employed in various fields such as defense system, target tracking, target monitoring, wildlife monitoring and disaster management. The node's of a wireless sensor network consists of three main parts-processor, transmitter/receiver and memory unit. For these parts to be operational in an efficient way, the battery...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Performance Evolution for Frequency Invariance for Double Differential Detection System

    The Evolution of Multiple Symbol Differential Detection (MSDD) of double differential QAM signal is studied in the presence of frequency offset, phase offset and additive white Gaussian noise. It is shown that in the case of nonzero frequency offset distorts the transmitted signal through attenuating its amplitude and MSDD receiver...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Optimization of ECAT Through DA-DCT

    Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) is a widely used tool in image and video compression applications. Recently, the high-throughput DCT designs have been adopted to fit the requirements of real-time application. Operating the shifting and addition in parallel, an Error-Compensated Adder-Tree (ECAT) is proposed to deal with the truncation errors and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Patch Antenna Array Fault Modeling and Its Monitoring

    The On/Off faults are among the most prominent hazards observed in antenna arrays. They behave like a catalyst towards steady degradation of the circuit's performance. This paper is regarding fault monitoring in the microstrip patch antenna array. The fault modeling, included here is single and double fault models of the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Broadband Rectangular Ring Slot Microstrip Antenna With High Return Loss and Also Compare With Rectangular MSA

    Antennas are a very important component of communication systems. By definition, an antenna is a device used to transform an RF signal, traveling on a conductor, in to an electromagnetic wave in free space the broadband circularly polarized MSA, play a vital role in wireless communication due to its low-profile,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Comparative Analysis of Bandwidth Enhancement of Microstrip Patch Antennas Using Various Geometries

    This paper discusses the comparative study of BandWidth (BW) enhancement technique of Microstrip Patch Antenna (MSA) using various geometries. A simple Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMSA) was designed and simulated using Zeland's Method of Moment (MoM) based EM simulation package IE3D and its various parameters such as return loss, VSWR...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    To Study the Effect of BER and Q-Factor in Intersatellite Optical Wireless Communication System

    The system performance plays a great role in analyzing the characteristics of optical wireless communication link. This paper describes the effect of bit error ratio and quality factor in communication system. The effect of diameter antennae with received power and distance is also analyzed in this paper. The value of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Three Dimensional-Chips

    This paper illustrates the performance advantages of 3D integrated circuits with two specific examples, namely 3D-FPGA and 3D-SRAM. Three-dimensional Chip (3D IC, 3D-IC, or 3-D IC) is a chip in which two or more layers of active electronic components are integrated both vertically and horizontally into a single circuit. The...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    To Study the Characteristics of Low Base Station Antenna in Respect of Propagation Loss

    The environment between the transmitter and receiver in a wireless communication system has a significant effect on the performance and to maintain quality of service of the system. Propagation loss is an important element which must be kept within predefined range in order to get expected performance of the system....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Novel Octagonal UWB Antenna for Cognitive Radio

    This paper presents about a new antenna design of ultra wide band antenna for cognitive radio wireless communication. This antenna consists of an irregular octagon (polygon with 8 sides) aperture on a printed circuit board; ground plane. This antenna was simulated in ADS (Advanced Design System) Momentum. The feeding point...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Dynamic Network Reconstruction Approach Using ACO

    Energy efficiency and reliability are always the main concern in wireless sensor networks. In a sensor network the nodes are present with limited energy and with each transmission they loss some energy. It is required to minimize the rerouting to save the energy loss. The authors proposed an algorithm to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Review on Substrate Integrated Waveguide and Its Microstrip Interconnect

    Substrate Integrated Waveguides (SIW) are used for transmission of Electromagnetic waves. They are planar structures belonging to the family of Substrate Integrated Circuits. Because of their planar nature, they can be fabricated on planar circuits like Printed Circuit Boards (PCB) and can be integrated with other planar transmission lines like...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    To Study the Effect of Center Frequency and Bandwidth on Quality Factor of Microstrip Interdigital Bandpass Filter

    Bandpass filter is a device that can be used in both transmitter and receiver in several communication systems, such as mobile phones, terrestrial network, satellite communication and many other applications. In this paper inter-digital bandpass filter with under coupled quarter wavelength resonator is proposed. In this paper, the authors studied...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Multiband Microstrip Patch Antenna for Microwave Applications

    In this paper, the authors present a fractal shape slot based patch antenna for multiband operations. The fractal shape slot is designed on the rectangular patch and the antenna is fed through a microstrip line. The proposed design and feeding technique allows the antenna to operate at multiple frequencies in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Synthesis of Linear and Circular Array Antennas Using Gatool

    The main aim of this paper is to reduce the first four Side Lobe Levels (SLLs) of the linear and circular array antennas using gatool, which is the one of the simplest and efficient tool in MATLAB. This is employed in Radars and communications in order to reduce jamming effects,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design and Performance Analysis of Log Periodic Dipole Antenna at Uhf Band

    The paper described the design and performance analysis of log periodic dipole antenna at frequency 1800MHz -2500MHz (Ultra High Frequency Band), the antenna has been modeled using ADS layout and the S parameter was presented. A good impedance match in a wide frequency range has been achieved by a suitable...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    An Investigation Into the Performance Enhancement and Salient Features of AMR-WB Speech Codec Used in GSM Communication

    The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) along with European Telecommunication Standard Institute (ETSI) recommended new speech coding scheme, called Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) in 2000 and 2001. The proposed scheme has two variants: AMR-Narrowband (AMR-NB) and AMR-WB (AMR-WideBand). The speech quality of AMR-WB in GSM systems is remarkably high compared...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Adaptive Beam Forming Using KLMS, KRLS and CGM Algorithms

    In this paper adaptive beam forming using KLMS, CGM and KRLS algorithm has been proposed. In CGM algorithms has reduced the interference and convergence is better when number of antennas increased. In CGM algorithm the weight of antenna arrays can be adjusted to form certain amount of adaptive beam to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Peak-To - Average Power Ratio Reduction of Ofdm Siganls

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a form of multicarrier modulation technique with high spectral efficiency and immunity to interference. Despite of many advantages the main disadvantage of OFDM is that the time domain of OFDM signal which is a sum of subcarrier sinusoids leads to high Peak-to-Average Power Ratio...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Identification and Modeling of Dominant Causes of Congestion in a Cellular Network

    In telecommunications networks, congestion is the condition that arises when a system or a network experiences a level of offered calling activity or message traffic that exceed its capacity. In data networks, congestion occurs when the number of packets being transmitted through the network approaches the packet handling capacity of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Efficient Implementation of Fast Fourier Transform Using NOC

    In this paper, improved algorithms for radix-8 FFT are presented. Various schemes have been proposed for computing FFT. It has Different target domains of applications and different tradeoffs between flexibility and performance. Typically, they need reconfigurable array of processing elements .The applications have been restricted to domains based on floating...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Efficient Security for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network

    An ad-hoc network is a dynamically changing network of mobile nodes that communicate without the support of a fixed network. Due to lack of centralized control, secured communication in mobile Ad-hoc network is important matter due to dynamic nature of the network topology. MANETs is affected by new security problems...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    An Ftp Implementation With Arm Processor and Gprs for Real Time Applications

    In this paper, the authors present the principles of a low-cost Internet-based data processing system. The main h e a r t of the system is an embedded hardware (ARM 9) running with a Linux OS. The embedded device communicates through General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) module, which makes it...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Adaptive Selective State-Transition Decoding: A Combined Approach for Trellis Coded Modulation Scheme

    The authors are presenting a new suboptimum decoding strategy, namely, Adaptive Selective State-Transition Decoding (ASSTD) for Trellis Coded Modulation schemes transmission over band-limited ISI channels. The ASSTD is a combined approach provides an improved error performance over Reduced State Sequence Estimation (RSSE) techniques which are in practical use. The ASSTD...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Printed Microstrip Antenna for RADAR Communication

    A single layer, single feed compact slotted patch antenna is thoroughly simulated in this paper. Resonant frequency has been reduced drastically by cutting two different slots. The first one is the combinations of two triangular and another rectangular slot at the upper right corner and rest is bilateral triangle at...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Literature Survey on Performance of Free Space Optical Communication Links Under Strong Turbulence

    Free space optical communication has widespread use because of its advantages such as high modulation bandwidth, enhanced security and low power. In free space optical communication, laser beam signals are transmitted through air. Due to atmospheric turbulence, signals are affected. This atmospheric turbulence leads to fading of the channel. The...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Interference and Noise Detection in a Cognitive Radio Environment

    Now-a-days cellular and handheld devices hold up most of the data exchange services that is one currently and they widely use high speed data links causing increased usage of available spectrum. However these devices are not always in use so the links stays void sometime and using those void links...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Hardware Implementation of Modified RC4 Stream Cipher Using FPGA

    In this paper, an efficient hardware implementation of modified RC4 stream-cipher is proposed. In contrary to previous design, which requires four memories each of size 256 X 8, the proposed system can be implemented by using only two memories each of size 128 X 7. Due to the reduction in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Implementation of Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Economic Load Dispatch

    In this paper, the authors present the applications of computational intelligence techniques to economic load dispatch problems. The fuel cost equation of a thermal plant is generally expressed as continuous quadratic equation. In real situations the fuel cost equations can be discontinuous. In view of the above, both continuous and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Power Efficient Energy-Aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    The most important issue that must be solved in designing a data transmission algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is how to save sensor node energy while meeting the needs of applications/users as the sensor nodes are battery limited. While satisfying the energy saving requirement, it is also necessary to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Data Transmission at 16.8kb/s Over 32kb/s ADPCM Channel

    In this paper, the authors present three models of Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) modem operating at data rate of 16.8kb/s to be transmitted over 32kb/s Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation (ADPCM) channel. These modems operate at symbol rates of 2400, 2800, and 3360 baud with associated number of bits per...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Improving the Quality of Service in Wireless Body Area Networks Using Genetic Algorithm

    Wireless Body Area Sensor Networks are the highly distributed network, in which its nodes are the organizer itself and each of them has the flexibility of gathering and sending patient biomedical knowledge to a terminal that referred to as sink. When knowledge sent to sink from a path that doesn't...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Performance Evaluation Method Proposal for High Performance ICT Systems and Networks

    In this paper, the authors present a predicted functional architecture of an emerging application of High Performance Computing and Communication (HPCC) application: the integrated manufacturing and management system. The computer network was defined for a case study of big manufacturer of household appliances. To evaluate and/or predict performance of this...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Implementation of WSN Node Using Hardware Specialization

    Wireless Sensor Networks holds space in wide range of application ranging from tracking to monitoring health, environment etc. The power (energy consumption) attribute for WSN requires special attention as WSN has to work unattended for long durations. Till now WSN nodes has been designed using low-power micro-controller. But still its...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Improving Computational Efficiency of Tentative Data Set

    The aim of data mining is to find novel, interesting and useful patterns from data using algorithms that will do it in a way that is more computational efficient than previous method. Current data mining practice is very much driven by practical computational concerns. In focusing almost exclusively on computational...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Pattern Evaluation Proved To Be Important For Decision Support in Data Warehouse

    It is the mobile sensor network or satellite that is observing and obtaining the data pattern. This paper focuses on spatio-temporal data and events pattern for the data mining and for data warehouse. There is a repository or database where sensor, satellite inputs or data are collected for analysis. The...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Combining Cryptography with Channel Coding

    Cryptography is a form of hiding the text so to increase the security of the information. It can also be defined as the process of converting the valuable information into some form of non-scene information which can be understand able by the sender and the intended receiver only. On the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    A Close Look Towards Modified Booth's Algorithm with BKS Process

    In this paper, the authors are remodeling of modified Booth's algorithm, where shift three at a time. The result shows that classical concept of single shift multiplication algorithms are to be revised with a multiple number of shifts. The observation is that in general the complexity is N/3, which is...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    The Design of Intelligent Campus Security & Attendance System Based on RFID, GSM and Zig-Bee

    In this paper, an intelligent Campus Security Tracking system (iCST) has been designed and implemented base on the RFID and ZigBee network. iCST reads the RFID tags data through FRID & ZigBee node, and then sends it to PC node by a custom wireless protocol on the ZigBee. PC node...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Architecture for Node-level Congestion in WSN Using Rate Optimization

    The application has presented the details of Wireless Sensor Network differs basically from the overall knowledge network. It spotlight on tight communication however restricted in storage, lifetime, power and energy. The WSNs consists of unbelievable network load and it leads to energy wastage and packet loss. Several of the present...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    A Compact Double-T Monopole Antenna for Dual Wideband Wireless Communications Systems

    In this paper, the authors carry a dual band monopole antenna design specially meant for wireless applications. The proposed antenna consists of a rectangular patch monopole in which a slot is cut in order to obtain a dual band operation and size reduction. The antenna operates in frequency band 2.3...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Implementation of Wimax Simulator in Simulink

    The needs of high speed broadband wireless access at lower cost and easy deployment to meet the modern mobile services leads in the emergence of an another IEEE standard called Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave AccesS (WiMAX). The limitations of conventional broadband wireless access have been overcome with the scalable features...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Java-Based Applications and SAP's Business Framework

    As the leading vendor of enterprise business standard software, SAP has recognized the need to adapt their R/3 system to current trends in software development and to meet market needs for speed of development, flexibility, openness and interoperability. In this paper, the authors first present SAP's approach to object-oriented and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Performance Study of Dymo On Demand Protocol Using Qualnet 5.0 Simulator

    Wireless adhoc network support rapid on demand and adaptive communication among the nodes due to their self configurable and autonomous nature and lack of fixed infrastructure. Since adhoc network rely on the collaboration principle the issue of key distribution and effective group by management in such networks represents two of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Broadcasting and It's Receiving Agent Based M-Commerce Business Model Functioning In The Market

    In this paper, the authors elaborately implies the broadcasting agent and it's receiving agent based m-commerce business model functioning in the market. The paper introducing recently invented m-commerce model and their related driving factor. Broadcasting and it's receiving agent based m-commerce business model stimulating business transaction which proves business model....

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    A Novel Secure Protocol, IES, for Mobile Voting

    Mobile voting is a kind of electronic voting, or maybe is new generation that use of cell phone that is user interface for sending. As for construction of cell phone and its limitation, so the authors need to define a different and new security protocol that can observe max requirement...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Enhancing The Website Structure by Reconciling Website

    In this modern world www grows tremendously. It increases the complexity of web applications and web navigation. Existing website systems are not easier for user to extract information and having some shortcomings. To enhance these shortcomings the authors propose a new reconciling website system. Recommendations play an important role towards...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Effects of Caching on The Performance of DSR Protocol

    Route cache strategy is important in an on demand routing protocol in wireless mobile ad hoc networks. In on demand routing protocol the route discovery mechanism is used to transmit packets from one mobile node to other. In order to avoid such route discovery mechanism each time when the packet...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    CDMA Coding Techniques for Interconnect Between IP Cores

    NoC (Network on Chip) is an efficient approach to design the communication subsystem between IP Cores in SoC (System on Chip). In this paper, a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)bus is proposed as a communication interconnect for different IP cores. CDMA has been proposed as an alternative way for interconnect...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Clipping and Filtering Technique for Reducing PAPR in OFDM

    Recently, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM), as a multi-carrier, and a single carrier transmission systems are used widely in the communications industrial systems. Each one of these two techniques has their own advantages and disadvantages. To maintain a high data rate, OFDM is preferred over the single-carrier transmission system due...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Effects of Fading Channels on OFDM

    High data rates are demanded a lot in modern communications. It is the huge development in the communications industry that led to this demand. One of the essential components of recent communications is Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). Handling bad conditions, high bandwidth and using the available spectral efficiently are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Cosdes: A Collaborative Spam Detection System with a Novel E-Mail Abstraction Scheme

    E-mail communication is indispensable now-a-days, but the e-mail spam problem continues growing drastically. In recent years, the notion of collaborative spam filtering with near-duplicate similarity matching scheme has been widely discussed. The primary idea of the similarity matching scheme for spam detection is to maintain a known spam database, formed...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Enhancement of Satellite Image Resolution With Moving Objects

    Satellite images are being used in many applications like Meteorology, Agriculture, Geology, Forestry, Landscape, Biodiversity, Planning, Education, Regional, Seismology and oceanography. The Enhanced satellite images make diagnostic details more obvious. The Image Enhancement is the main technique for improving the resolution and visual appearance of the image. One of the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Traffic Modelling for Capacity Analysis of CDMA Networks Using Lognormal Approximation Method

    This paper presents teletraffic modelling in cellular networks operating with Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) to assist in capacity analysis of such systems using statistical means. Since the introduction of CDMA, owing to capacity edge over other multiple access techniques, there is the need for tools that will assist in...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Public Transportation Management Services by Integrating GSM-GPS

    This paper proposes and implements a solution for enhancing public transportation management services based on GPS and GSM in Andhra Pradesh. The system consists of four modules: BUS Station Module, In-BUS Module, BASE Station Module and BUS Stop Module. Equipped with PC and GSM modem, BUS Station Module sends the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design Analysis of a Security Lock System Using Pass-Code and Smart-Card

    In this paper, security lock system using Pass code and smart card has been achieved. It is a micro controller based system which aims at interfacing selected hardware components with software to obtain a higher degree of security. In achieving this work, seven major stages were considered in the design...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    A Modified ABC Algorithm & Its Application to Wireless Sensor Network Dynamic Deployment

    Wireless Sensor Networks plays a gargantuan role in instrumenting the modern day world; hence it is crucial to develop an optimal design flow. Out of the various Swarm intelligent algorithms developed so far, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm offers a vivid scope for this objective. First introduced for solving numerical...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis of Wimax Under Jamming Effect for Various Antennas

    Use of Internet is increasing day by day. Wi-Fi provides wireless access to the internet but range is limited to certain meters only. So concept of WiMAX is introduced to increase the range. WiMAX means worldwide interoperability for microwave access. WiMAX is also known as wireless broadband. The WiMAX based...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Unearthing the Compromised Nodes and Restoring Them in Wireless Sensor Network

    Sensor nodes are usually deployed in an open environment therefore they are subjected to various kinds of attacks like Worm Hole attack, Black Hole attack, False Data Injection attacks. Since the attackers can cause disruption and failure to the network, it's very important to detect these compromised nodes and revoke...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Local Oscillators Phase Noise Cancellation Methods

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a digital multi-carrier modulation scheme that employs a large number of orthogonal Closely-spaced sub-carriers. Each sub-carrier is modulated with a modulation scheme (QPSK or QAM generally) at a low symbol rate. Each of the sub-carrier is then multiplexed together and this forms the OFDM...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Wireless Physiological Parameter Monitoring and Recording System

    The design and development of a Zigbee smart non-invasive wearable physiological parameters monitoring device has been developed and reported in this paper. The system can be used to monitor physiological parameters, such as temperature and heart rate, of a human subject. The system consists of an electronic device which is...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Energy Saving in Wireless Sensor Network Using Burst Algorithm

    A wireless sensor network is composed of a large number of low-cost devices distributed over a geographic area. Sensor nodes have limited processing capabilities therefore simplified protocol architecture should be designed so as to make communications simple and efficient. Moreover, the power supply unit is based on an energy-limited battery...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Using Mono-Alphabetic Substitution to Secure Against Threats and Risk in Information Technology

    The awareness the world over on Information Technology (IT) is a welcome development but calls for great care and concern. This is so as there are out there, many people with evil minds who see nothing good that they would not capitalize on. There are persons who would want to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Real Time Implementation of Nodes Self Scheduling Approach for Maximizing Wireless Sensor Network Lifetime

    To face the short lifetime of the WSN, the objective is to optimize energy consumption while maintaining the full sensing coverage. A major technique to save the energy is to use a wake-up scheduling protocol through which some nodes stay active whereas the others enter sleep state so as to...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of MAC Protocol for Reliable Broadcast in VANETs

    Wireless communications are becoming the dominant form of transferring information, and the most active research field. In this dissertation, the authors will present one of the most applicable forms of Ad-Hoc networks; the Vehicular Ad-Hoc NETworks (VANETs). VANET is the technology of building a robust Ad-Hoc network between mobile vehicles...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Virtual Wi-Fi for Single Hopping

    Single hopping is implemented by using software approach over IEEE802.11WLAN card using orthogonality concept and protocol. Most feature of single hopping is to achieve virtual Wi-Fi network. Design parameters of this approach are time delay and energy consumption .There are many scenarios where a wireless device connect to virtual Wi-Fi...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Performance Analysis of Different M-ARY Modulation Techniques Over Wireless Fading Channel

    Cellular communication systems are the most widely used wireless communication systems. It is the people primary need today to achieve the higher data rates in limited spectrum bandwidth to improve the performance of signals. The authors know digital communication system outperforms analog ones in terms of noise performance and flexibility....

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering