IOSR Journal of Engineering

Displaying 281-320 of 498 results

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Optimization of ECAT Through DA-DCT

    Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) is a widely used tool in image and video compression applications. Recently, the high-throughput DCT designs have been adopted to fit the requirements of real-time application. Operating the shifting and addition in parallel, an Error-Compensated Adder-Tree (ECAT) is proposed to deal with the truncation errors and...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Patch Antenna Array Fault Modeling and Its Monitoring

    The On/Off faults are among the most prominent hazards observed in antenna arrays. They behave like a catalyst towards steady degradation of the circuit's performance. This paper is regarding fault monitoring in the microstrip patch antenna array. The fault modeling, included here is single and double fault models of the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Broadband Rectangular Ring Slot Microstrip Antenna With High Return Loss and Also Compare With Rectangular MSA

    Antennas are a very important component of communication systems. By definition, an antenna is a device used to transform an RF signal, traveling on a conductor, in to an electromagnetic wave in free space the broadband circularly polarized MSA, play a vital role in wireless communication due to its low-profile,...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Comparative Analysis of Bandwidth Enhancement of Microstrip Patch Antennas Using Various Geometries

    This paper discusses the comparative study of BandWidth (BW) enhancement technique of Microstrip Patch Antenna (MSA) using various geometries. A simple Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMSA) was designed and simulated using Zeland's Method of Moment (MoM) based EM simulation package IE3D and its various parameters such as return loss, VSWR...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    To Study the Effect of BER and Q-Factor in Intersatellite Optical Wireless Communication System

    The system performance plays a great role in analyzing the characteristics of optical wireless communication link. This paper describes the effect of bit error ratio and quality factor in communication system. The effect of diameter antennae with received power and distance is also analyzed in this paper. The value of...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Three Dimensional-Chips

    This paper illustrates the performance advantages of 3D integrated circuits with two specific examples, namely 3D-FPGA and 3D-SRAM. Three-dimensional Chip (3D IC, 3D-IC, or 3-D IC) is a chip in which two or more layers of active electronic components are integrated both vertically and horizontally into a single circuit. The...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Synthesis of Linear and Circular Array Antennas Using Gatool

    The main aim of this paper is to reduce the first four Side Lobe Levels (SLLs) of the linear and circular array antennas using gatool, which is the one of the simplest and efficient tool in MATLAB. This is employed in Radars and communications in order to reduce jamming effects,...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design and Performance Analysis of Log Periodic Dipole Antenna at Uhf Band

    The paper described the design and performance analysis of log periodic dipole antenna at frequency 1800MHz -2500MHz (Ultra High Frequency Band), the antenna has been modeled using ADS layout and the S parameter was presented. A good impedance match in a wide frequency range has been achieved by a suitable...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    An Investigation Into the Performance Enhancement and Salient Features of AMR-WB Speech Codec Used in GSM Communication

    The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) along with European Telecommunication Standard Institute (ETSI) recommended new speech coding scheme, called Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR) in 2000 and 2001. The proposed scheme has two variants: AMR-Narrowband (AMR-NB) and AMR-WB (AMR-WideBand). The speech quality of AMR-WB in GSM systems is remarkably high compared...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Adaptive Beam Forming Using KLMS, KRLS and CGM Algorithms

    In this paper adaptive beam forming using KLMS, CGM and KRLS algorithm has been proposed. In CGM algorithms has reduced the interference and convergence is better when number of antennas increased. In CGM algorithm the weight of antenna arrays can be adjusted to form certain amount of adaptive beam to...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Peak-To - Average Power Ratio Reduction of Ofdm Siganls

    Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a form of multicarrier modulation technique with high spectral efficiency and immunity to interference. Despite of many advantages the main disadvantage of OFDM is that the time domain of OFDM signal which is a sum of subcarrier sinusoids leads to high Peak-to-Average Power Ratio...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Identification and Modeling of Dominant Causes of Congestion in a Cellular Network

    In telecommunications networks, congestion is the condition that arises when a system or a network experiences a level of offered calling activity or message traffic that exceed its capacity. In data networks, congestion occurs when the number of packets being transmitted through the network approaches the packet handling capacity of...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Efficient Implementation of Fast Fourier Transform Using NOC

    In this paper, improved algorithms for radix-8 FFT are presented. Various schemes have been proposed for computing FFT. It has Different target domains of applications and different tradeoffs between flexibility and performance. Typically, they need reconfigurable array of processing elements .The applications have been restricted to domains based on floating...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Efficient Security for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network

    An ad-hoc network is a dynamically changing network of mobile nodes that communicate without the support of a fixed network. Due to lack of centralized control, secured communication in mobile Ad-hoc network is important matter due to dynamic nature of the network topology. MANETs is affected by new security problems...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    An Ftp Implementation With Arm Processor and Gprs for Real Time Applications

    In this paper, the authors present the principles of a low-cost Internet-based data processing system. The main h e a r t of the system is an embedded hardware (ARM 9) running with a Linux OS. The embedded device communicates through General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) module, which makes it...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Adaptive Selective State-Transition Decoding: A Combined Approach for Trellis Coded Modulation Scheme

    The authors are presenting a new suboptimum decoding strategy, namely, Adaptive Selective State-Transition Decoding (ASSTD) for Trellis Coded Modulation schemes transmission over band-limited ISI channels. The ASSTD is a combined approach provides an improved error performance over Reduced State Sequence Estimation (RSSE) techniques which are in practical use. The ASSTD...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Printed Microstrip Antenna for RADAR Communication

    A single layer, single feed compact slotted patch antenna is thoroughly simulated in this paper. Resonant frequency has been reduced drastically by cutting two different slots. The first one is the combinations of two triangular and another rectangular slot at the upper right corner and rest is bilateral triangle at...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Literature Survey on Performance of Free Space Optical Communication Links Under Strong Turbulence

    Free space optical communication has widespread use because of its advantages such as high modulation bandwidth, enhanced security and low power. In free space optical communication, laser beam signals are transmitted through air. Due to atmospheric turbulence, signals are affected. This atmospheric turbulence leads to fading of the channel. The...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Electromagnetic Band Gap Coupled Microstrip Antenna for UWB Applications

    In this paper Electromagnetic Band Gap structure with microstrip antenna has been proposed. Many small and compact periodic EBGs have been investigated to design the antenna. Simulation is done on the HFSS software tool. The antenna is designed on the 21x31mm FR4 substrate with the dielectric constant of 4.4. The...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Survey on Object Detect, Track and Identify Using Video Surveillance

    Network video surveillance has been a popular security application for many years. Target tracking in a cluttered environment remains one of the challenging problems of video surveillance. The task of target tracking is a key component of video surveillance and monitoring systems. It provides input to high-level processing such as...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design and Implementing of Serial Ports to Ethernet Gateway on Embedded System

    The use of the multi-serial/Ethernet conversion gateway simplifies the networked control and distributed management of information for serial devices. So the design of a new type of gateway for data converting from serial ports to Ethernet based on embedded system is highlighted in this paper. The design is based on...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Harms Associated with Cellular Towers (CDMA vs GSM)

    The use of mobile phone is increasing enormously, and hence has become a subject of recent interest and study, due to use of ElectroMagnetic (EM) wave in the microwave range and produces radiation. Various physiological studies have found that the excessive Radio Frequency (RF) wave exposure affects the biological systems...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Memorized Window Consolidation (MWC) Based TCP Recovery for Vegas and B/w Based Congestion Control

    In this paper, the authors present a framework for unanimous TCP flow window size recovery, "Memorized flow recovery", which differs from most TCP algorithms by memorized window size consolidation as measure to control the window size increment post link recovery from disconnection. It identifies the window size in use during...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Study and Performance Evaluation of Xilinx HDLC Controller and FCS Calculator

    In this paper, design, simulation and implementation design of HDLC Controller provides a high performance. This design is then coded in a Hardware Description Language (VHDL). The functioning of the coded design is to simulate on simulation software (e.g. ModelSim). After proper simulation, the design is synthesized and then translated...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Management of Future Internet with Autonomic Network Architecture and Model

    Research efforts a strong foundation towards standardization of architectural principals of the managing future Internet. Autonomic network engineering for managing Future Internet (AFI) has been established under the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI). AFI has been focusing on scenarios, use cases, and requirements for autonomic self managing future Internet, as...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    FPGA Design Methodology for Time Domain Dead Beat Algorithm

    In this paper, the authors propose a way of implementing a deadbeat controller in FPGA. The focus is on the FPGA implementation of the digital controller. The emphasis is on the software tools for design and simulation of FPGA based hardware for control applications. The FPGA is interfaced to the...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    P2P Reputation Management Scheme Using a Cryptographic Protocol

    Reputation management in a Peer-To-Peer network is difficult as challenges are posed by lack of centralized authority. For this reason P2P (Peer-To-Peer) network is vulnerable which can facilitate non-cooperation, cheating, leaching on the network and propagation of malicious code. The security model used for centralized C/S systems is not suitable...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Dynamic Method to Detect IP Spoofing on Data Network Using Ant Algorithm

    A data packet is typically forwarded from one router to another through networks that constitute the internetwork until it gets to its destination node. At the same time routers in the Internet do not perform any security verification of the source IP address contained in the packets. The lack of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Aviris Hyperspectral Images Compression Using 3D Spiht Algorithm

    Hyperspectral sequence image is compressed using 3D Discrete Wavelet Transform (3D DWT) to decorrelate the three dimensions of hyperspectral image. Than the sequence is encoded efficiently by the 3D SPIHT algorithm, which operates on the pyramid structure of wavelet coefficients obtained. After decompression, the image evaluated by the PSNR, are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Prevention of Attacks in Internet Controlled Embedded Applications

    Embedded systems are becoming a main solution to many specific tasks because of this high stability, minimal power consumption, portability and numerous useful. Now-a-days, many new applications are developed using embedded system. This paper deals with the issues related to embedded applications when they are implemented in Internet. There are...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    FPGA Implementation of Systolic Array Architecture for 3D-DWT Optimizing Speed and Power

    Demand for high speed and low power architectures for image/video compression algorithms are increasing with scaling in VLSI technology. Video sequences are considered as 3D sequences and are compressed using 3D DWT architectures. In this paper, systolic array architectures for 2D DWT have been modified and have been used in...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Hybrid Model On Data Clustering and Computational Intelligence for Bank Crisis Classification and Prediction

    The prediction of bank failures is an important academic topic of which many have used artificial intelligence methods to build an early warning system for this purpose. The objective of this paper is to enhance the accuracy in predicting bank failures by proposing two hybrid models. In this paper, two...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Detailed Analysis of the Issues and Solutions for Securing Data in Cloud

    Cloud computing, the next generation architecture of IT enterprises, offers the users with a flexible computing environment. In cloud, the virtualized resources are provided as a service over the internet. Typical applications that have already been thought of are SaaS (Software as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service), IaaS...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Cloud Forensics-An IS Approach

    The Cloud hosting is where data centers really shine in electronic media. Every major IT firm has an offering of how consumers can be served by data centers wherein their cloud will be scaled as per Service Level Agreement (SLA) bounded only by the capacity of the data center. Hence,...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Requirements and Challenges for Securing Cloud Applications and Services

    Adopting cloud computing is a complex decision involving many factors. This paper focuses on the central issues of cloud computing security. The cloud computing architectural framework provides a conceptual framework to help evaluate initial cloud risks and inform security decisions. It's a quick method for evaluating the tolerance for moving...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Effects of Fading Channels on OFDM

    High data rates are demanded a lot in modern communications. It is the huge development in the communications industry that led to this demand. One of the essential components of recent communications is Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). Handling bad conditions, high bandwidth and using the available spectral efficiently are...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Cosdes: A Collaborative Spam Detection System with a Novel E-Mail Abstraction Scheme

    E-mail communication is indispensable now-a-days, but the e-mail spam problem continues growing drastically. In recent years, the notion of collaborative spam filtering with near-duplicate similarity matching scheme has been widely discussed. The primary idea of the similarity matching scheme for spam detection is to maintain a known spam database, formed...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Performance Factors of Cloud Computing Data Centers Using M/G/m/m+r Queuing Systems

    Cloud computing is a novel paradigm for the provision of computing infrastructure, which aims to shift the location of the computing infrastructure to the network in order to reduce the costs of management and maintenance of hardware and software resources. Cloud computing systems fundamentally provide access to large amounts of...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    An Analysis of V-Blast Detection Schemes for MIMO Wireless Communications

    Vertical Bell Laboratories lAyered Space Time (V-BLAST) is a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) wireless communication system that uses multiple antenna elements at transmit and receive to offer high spectral efficiency and increased capacity in a rich multipath environment without increasing the use of the spectrum. Whereas, the detection schemes...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2012

    Intelligent Reconfigurable Computing Systems

    Every new technology comes with a scope of research on making it more economical in terms of money and time. Intelligent reconfigurable computing systems follow a similar trend by implementing the applications over the available reconfigurable hardware. Reconfigurability basically aims at reuse of the hardware for similar problems or sub...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    VLSI Based Implementation of Single Round AES Algorithm

    This paper presents VLSI based implementation of single round AES algorithm for encryption purpose and it is one of the most popular algorithm used in symmetric key cryptography The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) specifies a FIPS-approved cryptographic algorithm that can be used to protect electronic data. The AES algorithm is...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Design of Enhanced LEACH Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network

    A wireless network consists of a large number of small sensors. The sensor is low-power transceivers & can be an effective tool for gathering data in a variety of environments. The communication between the sensor nodes must be designed to conserve the limited energy resources within the sensor. LEACH clustering...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Finger Print Image Enhancement and Point Pattern Based Verification

    Fingerprints are the oldest and most widely used form of biometric identification. Despite the widespread use of fingerprints, there is little statistical theory on the uniqueness of fingerprint minutiae. A critical step in studying the statistics of fingerprint minutiae is to reliably extract minutiae from the fingerprint images. However, fingerprint...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Dash7: Performance

    A new wireless sensor networking technology, DASH7 uses the ISO/IEC 18000-7 standard for active RFID. It operates in the 433 MHz unlicensed spectrum. DASH7 provides many advantages over other wireless technologies such as multi-year battery life, dynamic range of up to 2 Km (potentially farther) etc.DASH7 is the name of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function for Performance Analysis of OFDM Signals

    Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) is an important parameter for the analysis of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signals. CCDF curves are known to have great importance in the study of signal performance on the basis of power level. This paper presents the CCDF performance of the OFDM signal with different...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Qualitative and Quantitative Performance Evaluation of Adhoc on Demannd Routing Protocol in Manet

    A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a network consisting of a set of wireless mobile nodes that communicate with each other without centralized control or established infrastructure. Every node in MANET moves arbitrarily making the multi-hop network topology to change randomly at unpredictable times. There are several familiar routing...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Concerted Routing Metrics Evaluating and Distributed Rate Adaptation in Wireless Mesh Networks

    This paper proposes MARA, a joint method for automatic rate selection and route quality evaluation in Wireless Mesh Networks. This method targets at avoiding the problem of inaccurate link quality estimates, common to main existing proposals of multi-hop wireless routing metrics. In this proposal, the statistics collected by the routing...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Multibiometric Identification System Based on Score Level Fusion

    Biometric identification systems, which use physical features to check a person's identity, ensures much greater security than password and number systems. Multi-biometric system is being increasingly deployed in much large scale application because they provide lower error rate, large population coverage compared to uni-biometric. In this paper, multi-biometric identification system...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Fingerprint Recognition Using Gabor Filter and Frequency Domain Filtering

    Fingerprint recognition is one of the most popular methods used for identification with greater degree of success. The fingerprint has unique characteristics called minutiae, which are points where a curve track finishes, intersect or branches off. In this paper a novel method for Fingerprint recognition is considered using a combination...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Enhancement of Gain of Rectangular Micro Strip Antenna Using Multilayer Multidielectric Structure

    In rapidly developing market in Personal Communication Systems (PCS), mobile satellite communications, Direct Broadband Television (DBS) Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) suggest that demand for Microstrip antennas and array will increase even further. In this paper the gain of microstrip patch antenna is enhanced by using covered dielectric layer which...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Speech/Data Discrimination in Communication Systems

    This paper proposes a discrimination algorithm, which discriminates speech and data on a multiplexed input signal. Commercial communication networks may use single voice band channel for transmission of both speech and data. Also, for optimum utilization of channel, the pauses in voice signal are being utilized. At receiver side the...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Design of Sierpinski Gasket Multiband Fractal Antenna for Wireless Applications

    The multiband behavior of the Fractal Sierpinski Gasket Antenna is described in this paper. An analysis is performed to examine the parameters of an antenna with a frequency range in between 1 GHz to 6 GHz. The behaviors of an antenna are investigated such as return loss and bandwidth. Simulations...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Voice Controlled Data Acquisition Car Based on Zigbee Technology

    This paper is to design a voice controlled car and use it as a platform for obtaining feedback from a critically controlled environment. The system comprises of a user interface module and a Robocar. The user interface includes an electret microphone through which the voice commands will be accepted by...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Hardware Implementation and Analysis of BPSK System on Xilinx System Generator

    With the recent advent of hardware description languages (e.g., Verilog or VHDL) and digital implementation for Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), substantial academic digital design projects become practicable. In the present paper, the design of a digital Binary-Phase-Shift-Keying (BPSK) modulator and detector is described. The project details the design of the...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Image Processing Based Adaptive Traffic Control System

    Through this paper, the authors intend to present an improvement in existing traffic control system at intersection. System is made more efficient with addition of intelligence in term of artificial vision, using image processing techniques to estimate actual road traffic and compute time each time for every road before enabling...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Performance Analysis of PM: Direction of Arrival Estimation Algorithm for Smart Antenna System

    This paper presents analysis of simulation results for Direction of arrival estimation for smart antenna system using non Eigen value decomposition based algorithm. Direction Of Arrival (DOA) estimation in smart antenna for identifying the directions of the desired signals and the null steering beamformer to adapts the antenna pattern to...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Study of Arm Based Temperature Measurement and Control System Using CPLD

    In this paper a temperature measurement and control system is proposed using ARM processor S3C2440 as a controlling device. This system uses LM35D sensor and its related peripherals for temperature measurement. This temperature is filtered and transmitted to the ADC MCP3201. ARM and CPLD are used for processing and controlling...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Viterbi Algorithm for Error Detection and Correction

    In the present world, communication has got many applications such as telephonic conversations in which the messages are encoded into the communication channel and then decoding it at the receiver end. During the transfer of message, the data might get corrupted due to lots of disturbances in the communication channel....

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Zigbee Based Sensor Networks for Temperature Monitoring and Controlling

    In Now-a-days, the people have many different types of emergencies in the indoor environment. Response to such emergencies is critical in order to protect resources including human life and to save property from damage. There is need to develop wireless sensor network for temperature controlling. In this paper, the authors...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Fingerprint Based ATM Security by Using ARM7

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the security that customer use the ATM machine. Once user's bank card is lost and the password is stolen, the criminal will draw all cash in the shortest time, which will bring enormous financial losses to customer, so to rectify this problem...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    High Speed Data Acquisition System With Ethernet Interface

    This paper introduces a high speed data acquisition system based on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The aim is to develop a "Distributed" data acquisition interface. The development of instruments such as personal computers and engineering workstations based on "Standard" platforms is the motivation behind this effort. Using standard...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Innovative HR Strategies for SMEs

    The small and medium scale enterprises being very volatile in nature take high amount of risk. It is therefore imperative for them to address the uncertainty through reliable and loyal work force which can shoulder them in good and bad times. HR has the challenge of attracting talent on role...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Analysis Strategy for Small and Medium Business Development Policy Gresik District in East Java

    This paper is the preparation of Policy Development Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Gresik regency, East Java. The expected outcome of this activity is the completion of SME Development Policy Gresik regency, East Java. This research included in this type of survey research (survey research). To identify and determine the...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Literature Critique: \"Competition Law, Enforcement and the Australian Small Business Sector\"

    Various developed nations nowadays have put all their efforts to regulate competition laws for international market. And, Australia is not an exception to this implementation; the further growth and development of the Australian industries are mainly regulated by the Australian government in order to oversee if the organizations, business owners,...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    A New Approach to Volunteer Cloud Computing

    Volunteer cloud computing is based on the concept where highly distributed non-dedicated resources are harnessed to build a cloud so as to offer cloud services. As volunteer clouds are allowed to communicate with each other and with other commercial clouds also, it's necessary to implement an enhanced interoperable environment. The...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Requirements and Challenges for Securing Cloud Applications and Services

    Adopting cloud computing is a complex decision involving many factors. This paper focuses on the central issues of cloud computing security. The cloud computing architectural framework provides a conceptual framework to help evaluate initial cloud risks and inform security decisions. It's a quick method for evaluating the tolerance for moving...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Improving Security for Data Migration in Cloud Computing Using Randomized Encryption Technique

    With the increase in the development of cloud computing environment, the security has become the major concern that has been raised more consistently in order to move data and applications to the cloud as individuals do not trust the third party cloud computing providers with their private and most sensitive...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2013

    Green Cloud Computing: A Constructive Advent to Curtail the Carbon Emission Radiation Due to Servers

    This paper analytically scrutinizes the energy dissipation based on services and invades the conditions to promote green cloud computing to save energy crisis. In conventional, cloud computing emphasis on the data computing efficiency whereas green cloud computing accredit to the research and practice of applying computing resources in virtuous, adequate...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    Removal of High Density Impulse Noise Using Cloud Model Filter

    The fact that makes image denoising a difficult task is uncertainties in the impulse noise. The most knowledge in dayflies is uncertainty and erratic, unfortunately it is similar to impulse noise. The mathematic implements for handling uncertainty mostly are probability theory and fuzzy mathematics. That means, among the uncertainties involved...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Critical Factors Influencing the Performance of E-Business in SMEs

    E-business technologies have significantly affected business processes of companies. As a result, it is critical for organizations to have an effective and efficient E-business performance, particularly, for small and medium sized enterprises due to their lack of financial and human resources. The purpose of this paper is to study the...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Competency as Determinants of Business Performance in SMEs

    This paper is to empirically test the influence of entrepreneurial characteristics and competencies on business performance in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This study was conducted with 147 SMEs owner in Malang regency East Java Indonesia using survey instrument. Data analysis using the structural equation modelling. The results of this...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    Financing of Micro, Medium and Small Scale Enterprises in India Key Challenges

    Micro, small and medium sector enterprises have a vital role in the economic growth of a developing nation like India. These enterprises play a catalyst role in the development of industrial and commercial activities. In the overall value chain of different industries these firms are placed in critical positions. It...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Dec 2012

    Capital Market and the Development of the Small and Medium - Scale Enterprises in Nigeria

    This paper looked at the need to incorporate the Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) into the capital market in Nigeria as a means of raising capital for their operations. The findings of the paper found that the growth in the transactions of the quoted companies has been fluctuating over...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Digital Radio Over Fiber Link to Overcome Impairments in Fiber Wireless Networks

    In order to meet the ever increasing demand for larger transmission bandwidth, Wireless network based on radio-over-fiber technologies is a very beneficial solution. This architecture provides flexibility, mobility and high Bandwidth. A digitized RF-over-Fiber transmission scheme based on Band-pass Sampling theory is being introduced. Various Impairments of Analog Radio over...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    Wireless Communication and Security in Wimax

    Wireless communication deals with data transmission over air as interfacing medium between the transmitting and receiving stations posing data security as biggest challenge. Although, technologies other than wireless introduced earlier pay significant service to users, the broadband wireless, with mobility is the first choice of people all over. In this,...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Performance Analysis of Dropped Packets for Location Aided Routing Protocol Using Artificial Intelligence

    Location Aided Routing protocol (LAR) is an on demand protocol in MANET which uses GPS in mobile nodes to find the location of node. It calculates routing when it is needed. LAR protocol has two zones namely expected zone and request zone. The expected zone is circular in shape while...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Interference and Noise Detection in a Cognitive Radio Environment

    Now-a-days cellular and handheld devices hold up most of the data exchange services that is one currently and they widely use high speed data links causing increased usage of available spectrum. However these devices are not always in use so the links stays void sometime and using those void links...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Design of High Speed Reconfigurable Coprocessor for Multiplier/Adder and Subtractions Operations

    As the quantity of data transmission and reception increases, there is a gradual increase in bandwidth on demand and quality of service. This further increases data traffic which leads to loss of information, reduced accuracy and reliability. To overcome this drawback, the authors proposed coprocessor can be used for communication...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    A Security Framework for Wireless Sensor Networks: IBE-Trust

    The importance of key management protocol in ensuring secure communications in WSN is undeniable. This paper presents an IBE-Trust security framework utilizing the well-known identity based encryption scheme not to only establish secure communications but to ensure the trustworthiness of the communication between sensor nodes and base station. The framework...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering

  • White Papers // Oct 2012

    Wireless Sensor Network: An Emerging Technology

    Wireless sensor network is a special kind of network that differs from the conventional communication networks in terms of architecture and deployment. Dynamic in nature, the wireless sensor networks have added a new dimension not only to the further exploration in a hard-to-reach environment, but also to the complexity of...

    Provided By IOSR Journal of Engineering