Lund University

Displaying 1-40 of 100 results

  • White Papers // Sep 2013

    Designing Bandwidth-Efficient Stabilizing Control Servers

    Guaranteeing stability of control applications in embedded systems, or cyber-physical systems, is perhaps the alpha and omega of implementing such applications. However, as opposed to the classical real-time systems where often the acceptance criterion is meeting the deadline, control applications do not primarily enforce hard deadlines. In the case of...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    ERP System Procurement in SMEs - Two Contrasting Ways

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems have originally been developed for Large Enterprises (LEs). However, market saturation, integration of supply chains and technology improvements have led to Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) have started adopting ERP systems. Though there is a focus shift from LEs to SMEs in the ERP market,...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    An Empirical Investigation on Business Intelligence Use in Budgeting

    This empirical study addresses the research questions of how and why BI is used or not used to support the flexibility and integration needs in budgeting. Budgeting is considered a process with four main activities namely budget construction, budget consolidation, budget monitoring and budget reporting which belong equally to the...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    The Challenge of Cloud Control

    Today's cloud data center infrastructures are not even near being able to cope with the enormous and rapidly varying capacity demands that will be reality in a near future. So far, very little is understood about how to transform today's data centers (being large, power-hungry facilities, and operated through heroic...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    On the Average Complexity of the Processor Demand Analysis for Earliest Deadline Scheduling

    Schedulability analysis of a set of sporadic tasks scheduled by EDF on a single processor system is a well known and solved problem: the processor demand analysis is a necessary and sufficient test for EDF with pseudo-polynomial complexity. Over the years, many researchers have tried to find efficient methods for...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Privacy, Security and Trust in Cloud Computing The Perspective of the Telecommunication Industry

    The telecommunication industry has been successful in turning the Internet into a mobile service and stimulating the creation of a new set of networked, remote services. Most of these services now run or are supported by cloud computing platforms. Embracing cloud computing solutions is fundamental for the telecommunication industry to...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Networks on Chips for High-End Consumer-Electronics TV System Architectures

    Consumer electronics products, such as high-end (digital) TVs, contain complex systems on chip (SOC) that offer high computational performance at low cost. Traditionally, these SOCs are Application-Specific Standard Products (ASSPs) with limited programmability. The authors describe why TV SOCs must become more flexible, and why companion chips together with Networks...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    The Components Of The Illiquidity Premium: An Empirical Analysis Of U.S. Stocks 1927-2010

    This paper estimates a conditional version of the liquidity adjusted CAPM by Acharya and Pedersen (2005) using NYSE and AMEX data from 1927 to 2010 to study the illiquidity premium and its variation over time. The components of the illiquidity premium is in this model derived as the level of...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Government Effectiveness And Regional Variation In Informal Employment Forthcoming

    This paper analyzes the role of government effectiveness in the determination of informal employment. A theoretical model is developed, in which local governance and worker skill level are assumed to influence the decision of the worker whether to seek employment in the formal or informal sector. The model is assessed...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Band Spectrum Regressions Using Wavelet Analysis

    In economics it is common to distinguish between different time horizons (i.e. short run, medium run, and long run). Engle (1974) proposed combining the discrete Fourier transform with a band spectrum regression to estimate models that separates between different time horizons. In this paper, the authors discuss possibilities and challenges...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    A Matter Of Time: Revisiting Growth Convergence In Developing Countries

    The authors propose a new methodology for testing inter-regional growth convergence in developing countries. Labor surplus economies are typically characterized by large inter-regional short-term growth fluctuations, which tend to mask long-term growth trends. These fluctuations render standard tests for growth convergence unreliable. A frequency domain analysis that separates between short...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Outsourcing Public Services: Ownership, Competition, Quality And Contracting

    The authors survey the literature on the effects of public sector outsourcing. Guided by theory, they systematically arrange services according to the type and magnitude of their contractibility problems. Taken as a whole, the empirical literature indicates that public sector outsourcing generally reduces costs without hurting quality. This is clearly...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Global Innovation Networks: What Are They And Where Can We Find Them? (Conceptual And Empirical Issues)

    The rapid move of China and India from low-cost producers to innovators has triggered an increasing interest in the globalization of innovation activities and more specifically, on the surge of Global Innovation Networks (GINs). However, hitherto most of the literature is either theoretical or based on a handful of cases....

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Sticking To Prices? - Behavioral Differences In Price Setting

    This paper suggests a simple separation mechanism, based on heterogeneity among buyers and sellers, to understand price adjustments. One group is made up of "Pragmatics" who are open to strategic action in a situation, and the other group comprises "Fundamentalists" whose reference point is based on precedent transactions. The authors...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Ethnic School Segregation And Second-generation Immigrants' Human Capital

    Recent research has shown that there is a substantial skill difference in Sweden between natives and second-generation immigrants. The objective of this paper is to find out whether there exists a relationship between ethnic school segregation and the individual's human capital. The variation in ethnic concentration rate between cohorts within...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Reaping The Benefits Of Deeper Euro-Med Integration Through Trade Facilitation

    The current political turmoil in the Arab world has contributed to renewed interest in the Barcelona Process and how it can be improved in order to promote inclusive growth in the non-EU Mediterranean countries. In this paper, the authors explore whether deeper integration in the form of trade facilitation -...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Exploring The Evolution Of Trade Survival Since 1962

    Aiming to explore how the survival of trade flows has evolved over time, the authors analyze a rich data set of detailed imports to individual EU15 countries from 140 non-EU exporters, covering the period 1962-2006. They find that short duration is a persistent characteristic of trade throughout the extended time...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Leveraging Network and Traffic Measurements for Content Distribution and Interpersonal Communication Services With Sufficient Quality

    In this paper, the authors discuss research problems for enabling content distribution and supporting real-time interpersonal communication services (e.g., voice and video) over best effort networks with sufficient quality. They take a practical view of content distribution and quality, and this is the reason for the term "Sufficient". They argue...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Productivity Or Discrimination? An Economic Analysis Of Excess-Weight Penalty In The Swedish Labor Market

    Using longitudinal data, this paper investigates the penalty for excess weight in the Swedish labor market, distinguishing between the productivity and the discrimination hypotheses. The authors analyze employment, income, and sickness absence, using the latter as a direct measure of productivity. They find that excess weight women, but not men,...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Some Instant- and Practical-Time Related-Key Attacks on KTANTAN32/48/64

    The hardware-attractive block cipher family KTANTAN was studied by Bogdanov and Rechberger who identified flaws in the key schedule and gave a match-in-the-middle attack. The authors revisit their result before investigating how to exploit the weakest key bits. They then develop several related-key attacks, e.g., one on KTANTAN32 which finds...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Monetary Policy, Asset Price Inflation And Consumer Price Inflation

    The overall price level contains prices of everything purchased or purchasable (Fischer, 1911). The consumer price index only covers a small subset of all prices in the economy and since these prices are among the stickiest in the economy, this index may not fully capture the true rate of monetary...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Labor Taxation And FDI Decisions In The European Union

    This paper uses panel data on bilateral FDI flows in the European Union to empirically analyze the impact of labor and corporate taxations on FDI decisions. While the effect of corporate taxes on FDI is well documented, the impact of labor taxes on FDI has been neglected. This is surprising...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Time-Stamping Accuracy in Virtualized Environments

    The swift acceptance and the widespread use of virtual environments has substantially increased the stress on networks as each of the operating systems running in parallel sends out packets over the same network. As an increased number of packets traverse a network, the importance to continuously monitor whether the network...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Between Burkina Faso And Brazil? Measuring Institutional Quality In Ancient Athens

    The authors use the Economic Freedom Index (Gwartney, Lawson and Norton 2008) to characterise the institutions of ancient Athens in the fourth century B.C. They find that ancient Athens places itself at the top of the league in terms of economic freedom when compared with current societies. It is increasingly...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Accounting For The Dead In The Longitudinal Analysis Of Income-Related Health Inequalities

    This paper develops an accounting framework to consider the effect of deaths on the longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities. Ignoring deaths or using inverse probability weights to re-weight the sample for mortality-related attrition can produce misleading results. Incorporating deaths into the longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities provides a...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Multi-Hop Wireless Networks

    In cellular and wireless local area networks, wireless communication only occurs on the last link between a base station and the wireless end system. In multi-hop wireless networks there are one or more intermediate nodes along the path that receive and forward packets via wireless links. Multi-hop wireless networks have...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    International Remittances - A Proposal How To Test Hypotheses About Determinants Of Remittances With Macroeconomic Time Series

    The authors study the determinants of remittances to developing countries at different time horizons. Remittances to developing countries nowadays exceed official development assistance and constitute a significant fraction of the disposable income of many households in developing countries. Different hypotheses suggest that remittances are often sent to compensate for low...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Quickest Path Queries on Transportation Network

    This paper considers the problem of finding a quickest path between two points in the Euclidean plane in the presence of a transportation network. A transportation network consists of a planar network where each road (edge) has an individual speed. A traveler may enter and exit the network at any...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Health, Economics And Ancient Greek Medicine

    A period of two and a half millennia separates us from the Classical period of ancient Greece. Nevertheless, looking at ancient Greek medicine from the perspective of modern health economics is an interesting endeavour in that it increases our understanding of the ancient world and provides insights into contemporary society....

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    On the Design and Control of Wireless Networked Embedded Systems

    Wireless networked embedded systems are becoming increasingly important in a wide area of technical fields. In this paper, the authors present recent results on the design of these systems and their use in control applications that have been developed within the project Reconfigurable Ubiquitous Networked Embedded Systems (RUNES). A RUNE...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Forecasting Horizon Of Inflationary Expectations And Perceptions In The EU. Is It Really 12 Months?

    The standard way today to obtain measures of inflationary expectations is to use questionnaires to ask a representative group of respondents about their beliefs of the future rate of inflation during the coming 12 months. This type of data on inflationary expectations as well as on inflationary perceptions has been...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Resource Management on Multi-core Systems: the ACTORS approach

    High-performance embedded systems, such as Smartphone, require the execution of many applications on multi-core platforms. These systems are subject to a number of stringent restrictions and constraints, such as limited amount of CPU power, long battery life, i.e., low energy demands, but also timeliness, e.g., for call handling or video...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    An Overview of Microkernel, Hypervisor and Microvisor Virtualization Approaches for Embedded Systems

    In this paper, the authors address an essential application of microkernels; its role in virtualization for embedded systems. Virtualization in embedded systems and microkernel-based virtualization are topics of intensive research today. As embedded systems specifically mobile phones are evolving to do everything that a PC does, employing virtualization in this...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    An Empirical Investigation Of Efficiency And Price Uniformity In Competing Auctions

    This paper investigates empirically a number of hypotheses that are related to efficiency and price uniformity in online competing auctions for train tickets. The data set is ideal for analyzing competing auctions since each ticket is sold in a separate auction and all auctions with identical tickets starts and ends...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Stability And Growth Pact: Lessons From The Great Recession

    The Great Recession, the global financial and economic crisis that erupted in 2007, has revealed a number of weaknesses in the EU framework for fiscal surveillance and fiscal policy coordination as enshrined in the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). First, existing provisions concerning the reporting of government finance statistics did...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Upscaling Emerging Niche Technologies In Sustainable Energy: An International Comparison Of Policy Approaches

    To speed up the transformation to low-carbon energy systems, transition policy approaches highlight the importance of purposive experimentation with sustainable niche technologies. An important policy challenge that has followed from various 'Real' transition experiments concerns the crucial issue of 'Upscaling' or 'Aggregating' the niche technologies towards broader and more widespread...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Budget-Balance, Fairness And Minimal Manipulability

    A common real-life problem is to fairly allocate a number of indivisible objects and a fixed amount of money among a group of agents. Fairness requires that each agent weakly prefers his consumption bundle to any other agent's bundle. Under fairness, efficiency is equivalent to budget-balance (all the available money...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Why A Positive Link Between Age And Income-Related Health Inequality?

    This paper uses Swedish data to analyze why the SES-health gradient increases with ageing. Since different measures of SES and health capture different aspects, the authors use this information to explore the age increase in health inequality and to discriminate between three types of explanations, namely: age increase in the...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Can Targeted Food Taxes And Subsidies Improve The Diet? Distributional Effects Among Income Groups

    This paper analyzes distributional effects of revenue-neutral tax reforms aimed at improving dietary quality and encouraging healthier grain consumption. Using data on household grain purchases, the authors analyze both the impact on dietary quality and the tax incidence among income groups of VAT reforms and excise duty reforms. The VAT...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Informal Employment And The Role Of Regional Governance

    The aim of this paper is to provide and explanation to why the degree of informal employment may vary substantially between different regions within a country. In Brazil, 45% of workers in the urban labor force are employed informally. The degree of informal employment, however, varies substantially across regions, with...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Mutual Information of IID Complex Gaussian Signals on Block Rayleigh-Faded Channels

    The authors present a method to compute, quickly and efficiently, the mutual information achieved by an IID (Independent Identically Distributed) complex Gaussian input on a block Rayleigh-faded channel without side information at the receiver. The method accommodates both scalar and MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) settings. Operationally, the mutual information thus computed...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    In-Situ Vehicular Antenna Integration and Design Aspects for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications

    Wireless V2V communication systems are currently being researched regarding their potential to reduce traffic congestion and traffic accident rates. An even higher priority of investigating the V2V radio channel in the 5GHz band is caused by the recent allocation of a bandwidth of 30MHz at 5.9GHz which has been allocated...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2012

    Privacy, Security and Trust in Cloud Computing The Perspective of the Telecommunication Industry

    The telecommunication industry has been successful in turning the Internet into a mobile service and stimulating the creation of a new set of networked, remote services. Most of these services now run or are supported by cloud computing platforms. Embracing cloud computing solutions is fundamental for the telecommunication industry to...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2013

    The Challenge of Cloud Control

    Today's cloud data center infrastructures are not even near being able to cope with the enormous and rapidly varying capacity demands that will be reality in a near future. So far, very little is understood about how to transform today's data centers (being large, power-hungry facilities, and operated through heroic...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    An Overview of Microkernel, Hypervisor and Microvisor Virtualization Approaches for Embedded Systems

    In this paper, the authors address an essential application of microkernels; its role in virtualization for embedded systems. Virtualization in embedded systems and microkernel-based virtualization are topics of intensive research today. As embedded systems specifically mobile phones are evolving to do everything that a PC does, employing virtualization in this...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // May 2013

    An Empirical Investigation on Business Intelligence Use in Budgeting

    This empirical study addresses the research questions of how and why BI is used or not used to support the flexibility and integration needs in budgeting. Budgeting is considered a process with four main activities namely budget construction, budget consolidation, budget monitoring and budget reporting which belong equally to the...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2013

    ERP System Procurement in SMEs - Two Contrasting Ways

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems have originally been developed for Large Enterprises (LEs). However, market saturation, integration of supply chains and technology improvements have led to Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) have started adopting ERP systems. Though there is a focus shift from LEs to SMEs in the ERP market,...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2013

    Designing Bandwidth-Efficient Stabilizing Control Servers

    Guaranteeing stability of control applications in embedded systems, or cyber-physical systems, is perhaps the alpha and omega of implementing such applications. However, as opposed to the classical real-time systems where often the acceptance criterion is meeting the deadline, control applications do not primarily enforce hard deadlines. In the case of...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Feb 2013

    On the Average Complexity of the Processor Demand Analysis for Earliest Deadline Scheduling

    Schedulability analysis of a set of sporadic tasks scheduled by EDF on a single processor system is a well known and solved problem: the processor demand analysis is a necessary and sufficient test for EDF with pseudo-polynomial complexity. Over the years, many researchers have tried to find efficient methods for...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Resource Management on Multi-core Systems: the ACTORS approach

    High-performance embedded systems, such as Smartphone, require the execution of many applications on multi-core platforms. These systems are subject to a number of stringent restrictions and constraints, such as limited amount of CPU power, long battery life, i.e., low energy demands, but also timeliness, e.g., for call handling or video...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    CRM: Software As A Service Versus On-premise - Benefits And Drawbacks

    Nowadays, most of organizations try to find the best solution to improve their business processes by using advantage of technologies, which are always developing to replace the mistake of traditional version, one of the most critical evolutions in technology system is Customer relationship management (CRM). CRM stakeholders who implementing CRM...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Crisis Communication In A New World Reaching Multicultural Publics Through Old And New Media

    Crisis communication is a growing field of research and practice. A weakness in the traditional research field is the lack of theoretical development and the isolated sender and mass communication focus. In the present paper, author challenge traditional research by focusing on the contemporary cultural and ethnic diversity in society...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Tax Differences And Foreign Direct Investment In The Eu27

    The authors empirically analyze the impact of corporate tax rates and agglomeration economies on FDI using panel data on bilateral FDI flows and stocks in the enlarged European Union. The novelty of the paper is that it explicitly deals with agglomeration forces and how these may explain differences in tax...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Stability And Growth Pact: Lessons From The Great Recession

    The Great Recession, the global financial and economic crisis that erupted in 2007, has revealed a number of weaknesses in the EU framework for fiscal surveillance and fiscal policy coordination as enshrined in the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). First, existing provisions concerning the reporting of government finance statistics did...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Quickest Path Queries on Transportation Network

    This paper considers the problem of finding a quickest path between two points in the Euclidean plane in the presence of a transportation network. A transportation network consists of a planar network where each road (edge) has an individual speed. A traveler may enter and exit the network at any...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Some Instant- and Practical-Time Related-Key Attacks on KTANTAN32/48/64

    The hardware-attractive block cipher family KTANTAN was studied by Bogdanov and Rechberger who identified flaws in the key schedule and gave a match-in-the-middle attack. The authors revisit their result before investigating how to exploit the weakest key bits. They then develop several related-key attacks, e.g., one on KTANTAN32 which finds...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Towards A Transaction Cost Analysis Of The Hub Firm

    New Institutional Economics explain the firm as a hierarchical form of coordination that internalizes market exchanges. But important industries are today often dominated by highly disintegrated firms that keep few activities within the scope of their own hierarchies. These firms, in the business literature called "Hub firms" that orchestrates "Strategic...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Integrated And Flexible Project Supply Chains And Networks - Developing A Research Platform

    To an increasing degree industries are organising their activities in projects which requires flexible solutions to manage operations, supply and distribution, as well as activities related to reverse logistics. More than before project-based industries such as construction and humanitarian disaster response are focusing on supply chain management and on developing...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Are Small Business Owners More Successful In Avoiding Taxes: Evidence From Sweden

    It is commonly argues that high tax rates motivates individuals to start a business as it is easier to avoid and evade taxes if self-employed compared to employed. If this is the case the authors would expect small business owners to be more responsive to tax rate changes than employees....

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    On the Design and Control of Wireless Networked Embedded Systems

    Wireless networked embedded systems are becoming increasingly important in a wide area of technical fields. In this paper, the authors present recent results on the design of these systems and their use in control applications that have been developed within the project Reconfigurable Ubiquitous Networked Embedded Systems (RUNES). A RUNE...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    Long Run Inflation Indicators - Why The ECB Got It Right

    This paper studies the issue of whether money contains useful information about future inflation in a panel of nine developed countries. A low frequency estimate of excess money growth is compared to an estimate of the inflation trend following the discussion in Woodford (2007). The empirical analysis shows that money...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Monetary Policy, Asset Price Inflation And Consumer Price Inflation

    The overall price level contains prices of everything purchased or purchasable (Fischer, 1911). The consumer price index only covers a small subset of all prices in the economy and since these prices are among the stickiest in the economy, this index may not fully capture the true rate of monetary...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Global Innovation Networks: What Are They And Where Can We Find Them? (Conceptual And Empirical Issues)

    The rapid move of China and India from low-cost producers to innovators has triggered an increasing interest in the globalization of innovation activities and more specifically, on the surge of Global Innovation Networks (GINs). However, hitherto most of the literature is either theoretical or based on a handful of cases....

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Trade Facilitation And The Extensive And Intensive Margins Of Trade

    Exploring the link between trade facilitation and the extensive and intensive margins of trade, the paper has two aims. The first and main objective is to investigate whether the extensive margin of trade in homogeneous and differentiated goods is affected in the same way by cross-border trade transaction costs. The...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Do Economic Liberalization And Globalization Increase Income Inequality?

    Using the newly developed KOF-index of globalization, as well as the economic freedom index from the Fraser institute, the authors examine if globalization and economic liberalizations are linked to increases in income inequality within countries. Studying changes between 1980 and 2000, they find a positive link between inequality and liberalization...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Different Competences, Different Modes In The Globalization Of Innovation? A Comparative Study Of The Pune And Beijing Regions

    Since the seminal work of Archibugi and Michie (1995) on the globalization of innovation, several authors have tried to understand the complex relationship between innovation and internationalization, mainly using firm or sectoral level data. However, most of them tend to focus on just one form of globalization of innovation -...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Regional Innovation Systems And The Global Location Of Innovation Activities: Lessons From China

    The global location of R&D centres by MNCs is a rather new phenomenon; especially when it comes to establishing R&D centres in developing countries. The existing and rather limited literature on globalization of innovation provides four possible explanations of why multinationals locate R&D departments in developing countries: reduce research costs,...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    The Effects Of Institutional Change On Innovation And Productivity Growth In The Swedish Pharmaceutical Industry

    The relation between innovative output from the R&D process and Total Factor Productivity (TFP) in the Swedish pharmaceutical industry has been investigated. The focus has been on the 1960s when the institutional conditions for innovation changed drastically in the pharmaceutical industry through new and stricter regulation. The short term effect...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Technology And Trade - An Analysis Of Technology Specialization And Export Flows

    This paper examines how technology specialization, measured by citations-weighted patents, affects trade flows. The paper analyzes the relationship between technology specialization and export specialization across regions and how the technology specialization of origin and destination affect the size and structure of link-specific export flows. The authors find that the export...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Reaping The Benefits Of Deeper Euro-Med Integration Through Trade Facilitation

    The current political turmoil in the Arab world has contributed to renewed interest in the Barcelona Process and how it can be improved in order to promote inclusive growth in the non-EU Mediterranean countries. In this paper, the authors explore whether deeper integration in the form of trade facilitation -...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    R&D And Financial Systems: The Determinants Of R&D Expenditures In The Swedish Pharmaceutical Industry

    This paper investigates the determinants of R&D expenditures in the Swedish pharmaceutical industry from the 1960s to the mid 1990s. Various proxies for the rate of return of R&D (e.g. expected profit, sales and R&D productivity) as well as the availability of internal funding (proxied by past cash flows) have...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Informal Investors And Value Added: What Do We Know And Where Do We Go?

    Informal investors have been highlighted as important stakeholders for potential highgrowth ventures. Extant empirical research provides evidence that they contribute not only with money but also bring added value in terms of providing their skills and experience to support the continued development and growth of the ventures in which they...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Informal Investors And Value Added: The Contribution Of Investors' Experientially Acquired Resources In The Entrepreneurial Process

    This paper explores the value added contribution of informal investors in the entrepreneurial process, something that up to date has received very limited attention. By analyzing the life experience and career background of four informal investors the study examines the personal resources these individuals build up and develop during their...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Age Of Turbulence, Credit Derivatives Style

    This paper focuses on the many extreme credit default swap spread movements observed during the recent credit crisis and on how the tails of the spread (and price) change distribution significantly differ from those of the normal distribution even for diversified credit derivatives portfolios. Particular focus is put on the...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    International Remittances - A Proposal How To Test Hypotheses About Determinants Of Remittances With Macroeconomic Time Series

    The authors study the determinants of remittances to developing countries at different time horizons. Remittances to developing countries nowadays exceed official development assistance and constitute a significant fraction of the disposable income of many households in developing countries. Different hypotheses suggest that remittances are often sent to compensate for low...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Multi-Hop Wireless Networks

    In cellular and wireless local area networks, wireless communication only occurs on the last link between a base station and the wireless end system. In multi-hop wireless networks there are one or more intermediate nodes along the path that receive and forward packets via wireless links. Multi-hop wireless networks have...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Testing Stationarity In Small And Medium-Sized Samples When Disturbances Are Serially Correlated Forthcoming

    In this paper, the authors study the size distortions of the KPSS test for stationarity when serial correlation is present and samples are small and medium-sized. It is argued that two distinct sources of the size distortions can be identified. The first source is the finite-sample distribution of the long-run...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    Why Is Chinese Regional Output Diverging?

    In a recent paper Pedroni and Yao (2006) present strong evidence suggesting that Chinese regional output is diverging, a result that strongly contradicts the goal of China's government of a balanced wealth-creation across regions. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the reasoning behind this finding. The authors' main result...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Causes Of Structural Unemployment In Finland And Sweden 1990-2004

    The authors describe the size and timing for comprehensive as well as decomposed measures of unemployment in Finland and Sweden between 1990 and 2004. They then test for and confirm a change in the structural rate of unemployment by finding structural breaks in the Okun and Beveridge relations. Finally, they...

    Provided By Lund University

  • White Papers // Aug 2008

    Debt Relief, Investment And Growth Forthcoming

    The donor community provided around $400 billion in debt relief to developing countries between 1989 and 2004. This paper empirically assesses the impact of debt relief on growth and investment by examining two potential mechanisms. The resource mechanism refers to the resources made available from reduced debt service payments whereas...

    Provided By Lund University