Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Displaying 201-240 of 483 results

  • Webcasts // Oct 2010

    Re-Engineering Buildings: Innovations In Building Technology

    The built environment consumes a very large share of the nation's energy, and so offers rich opportunities for reducing the overall carbon footprint. MIT researchers share innovations that could soon radically alter the energy profile, as well as form and function, of buildings. Their work may prove invaluable to those...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2010

    Financial Re-Engineering

    Moderator William Wheaton starts the discussion by suggesting that the interconnected global system of financial markets may be inherently unmanageable and overly risky, due to its complexity. Financial transactions in a world of 8 billion people can become too complex, leading to uncontrollable systemic risk and disaster, much the way...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2010

    Crowds and Clouds: Data, Sheep, and Collaboration in the Works of Aaron Koblin

    Where others see just data points and fodder for bar graphs, presenter visualizes dynamic systems where information assumes forms both abstract and familiar. In this talk, presenter shares recent projects that meld statistical science and art to convey a really big picture, while often inviting the viewer to partake in...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Throughput Optimal Scheduling in the Presence of Heavy-Tailed Traffic

    The authors investigate the tail behavior of the steady-state queue occupancies under throughput optimal scheduling in the presence of heavy-tailed traffic. They consider a system consisting of two parallel queues, served by a single server. One of the queues receives traffic that is heavy-tailed (the "Heavy queue"), and the other...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2010

    Planning The Response: Establishing The Impacts And Identifying The Parties At Risk

    The Deepwater Horizon disaster spread through not just a vast coastal ecosystem, but into diverse human communities lining the Gulf, many entirely dependent on the sea for their livelihoods. These three panelists describe their involvement in quite disparate response projects, which began shortly after the oil began gushing, and in...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2010

    Moving Ahead: Engineering Challenges Of Deep Water Drilling And Future Oil Resource Recovery

    To keep up with demand, the oil industry ventures increasingly farther and deeper offshore, extracting resources as fast as possible in often hazardous conditions with newly minted technology. So to these panelists, the BP Deepwater Horizon accident did not come as a complete surprise. However, they view the disaster from...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Algebraic Network Coding Approach to Deterministic Wireless Relay Networks

    The deterministic wireless relay network model, introduced by Avestimehr et al., has been proposed for approximating Gaussian relay networks. This model, known as the ADT network model, takes into account the broadcast nature of wireless medium and interference. Avestimehr et al. showed that the Min-cut Max-flow theorem holds in the...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Accelerated Dual Descent for Network Optimization

    Dual descent methods are commonly used to solve network optimization problems because their implementation can be distributed through the network. However, their convergence rates are typically very slow. This paper introduces a family of dual descent algorithms that use approximate Newton directions to accelerate the convergence rate of conventional dual...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Achieving Non-Inclusive Cache Performance With Inclusive Caches

    Inclusive caches are commonly used by processors to simplify cache coherence. However, the trade-off has been lower performance compared to non-inclusive and exclusive caches. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the authors show that the limited performance of inclusive caches is mostly due to inclusion victims - lines that are evicted from...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Opinion Fluctuations And Disagreement In Social Networks

    The authors study a stochastic gossip model of continuous opinion dynamics in a society consisting of two types of agents: regular agents, who update their beliefs according to information that they receive from their social neighbors; and stubborn agents, who never update their opinions and might represent leaders, political parties...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2010

    Energy Innovation At Scale

    The United States urgently needs a transformation of its energy supply both to address climate change and for reasons of energy security. To meet this immense challenge, the nation requires not just technological breakthroughs, but heavy lifting from big industry as well as government guidance, says the author.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Nectar: Automatic Management of Data and Computation in Datacenters

    Managing data and computation is at the heart of datacenter computing. Manual management of data can lead to data loss, wasteful consumption of storage, and laborious bookkeeping. Lack of proper management of computation can result in lost opportunities to share common computations across multiple jobs or to compute results incrementally....

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2010

    Democracy After Citizens United

    Just when it seemed the corrosive influence of big money on American politics could not be greater, the Supreme Court gave corporations full license to exercise 'Free speech' during campaign season. The author and his respondents debate the most effective response to the 2010 Citizens United ruling, which, the author...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2010

    Washington Rules: America's Path To Permanent War

    Washington stubbornly sticks to national security policies that don't work, are devoid of moral considerations, sap the Treasury and rob future generations, says the author. In a brief talk that leads to a candid and sometimes impassioned give and take with his audience, the author describes a national security consensus...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    SWIFT: A SWing-Reduced Interconnect for a Token-Based Network-on-Chip in 90nm CMOS

    With the advent of Chip Multi-Processors (CMPs), on-chip networks are critical for providing low-power communications that scale to high core counts. With this motivation, the authors present a 64-bit, 8x8 mesh Network-on-Chip (NoC) in 90nm CMOS that: bypasses flit buffering in routers using Token Flow Control, thereby reducing buffer power...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Legal Challenges and Strategies for Comparison Shopping and Data Reuse

    New technologies have been continuously emerging to enable effective reuse of an ever-growing amount of data on the Web. Innovative firms can leverage the available technologies and data to provide useful services. Comparison-shopping services are an example of reusing existing data to make bargain-finding easier. Certain reuses have caused conflicts...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Dynamic Vehicle Routing for Data Gathering in Wireless Networks

    There has been a significant amount of interest in performance analysis of mobility assisted wireless networks in the last decade (e.g., [15], [24] - [28]). Typically, throughput and delay performance of networks were analyzed where nodes moving according to a random mobility model were utilized for relaying data (e.g., [14],...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    The Abstract MAC Layer

    A diversity of possible communication assumptions complicates the study of algorithms and lower bounds for radio networks. The authors address this problem by defining an abstract MAC layer. This service provides reliable local broadcast communication, with timing guarantees stated in terms of a collection of abstract delay functions applied to...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    On the Performance of Network Coding in Multi-Resolution Wireless Video Streaming

    Scalable video can be used to provide video streaming reliably to a heterogeneous set of receivers with different subscription levels. However, the performance of such schemes can be highly affected by scheduling constraints and unreliable feedback. Network coding, on the other hand, has been shown to reduce scheduling and prioritization...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Towards An Integration Of The Lean Enterprise System, Total Quality Management, Six Sigma And Related Enterprise Process Improvement Methods

    The lean enterprise system, total quality management, six sigma, theory of constraints, agile manufacturing, and business process reengineering have been introduced as universally applicable best methods to improve the performance of enterprise operations through continuous process improvement and systemic planned enterprise change. Generally speaking, they represent practice-based, rather than theory-grounded,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    MAC Design for Analog Network Coding

    Most medium access control mechanisms discard collided packets and consider interference harmful. Recent work on Analog Network Coding (ANC) suggests a different approach, in which multiple interfering transmissions are strategically scheduled. The received collisions are collected and then used in a decoding process, such as the ZigZag decoding process, where...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Immersive Journalism: Immersive Virtual Reality for the First-Person Experience of News

    This paper introduces the concept and discusses the implications of immersive journalism, which is the production of news in a form in which people can gain first person experiences of the events or situation described in news stories. The fundamental idea of immersive journalism is to allow the participant, typically...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    The Growth Of Low Skill Service Jobs And The Polarization Of The U.S. Labor Market

    The authors offer a unified explanation and empirical analysis of the polarization of U.S. employment and wages between 1980 and 2005, and the concurrent growth of low skill service occupations. They attribute polarization to the interaction between consumer preferences, which favor variety over specialization, and the falling cost of automating...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Evolution Of The Lean Enterprise System: A Critical Synthesis And Agenda For The Future

    Many aerospace enterprises and other organizations have adopted a variety of management approaches to achieve continuous process improvement, enterprise change and transformation, such as the lean enterprise system, Total Quality Management (TQM), Theory Of Constraints (TOC), agile manufacturing, and Business Process Reengineering (BPR). Among them, the lean enterprise system, with...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Simulating The Impact Of Strategy Development Frameworks On Transportation Infrastructure System Performance

    This paper develops, through a simulation model, a deeper understanding of the relationship between transportation infrastructure strategy development frameworks and system performance. A strategy development framework for transportation can be characterized by the infrastructure ownership structures, cross-modal and cross-sectoral linkages, revenue sources, resource allocation decision-making processes, and geographic scales of...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    A Multi-Hop Multi-Source Algebraic Watchdog

    In the authors' previous work ('An Algebraic Watchdog for Wireless Network Coding'), they proposed a new scheme in which nodes can detect malicious behaviors probabilistically, police their downstream neighbors locally using overheard messages; thus, provide a secure global self-checking network. As the first building block of such a system, they...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Graph Coloring and Conditional Graph Entropy

    The authors consider the remote computation of a function of two sources where one is receiver side information. Specifically, given side information Y, they wish to compute f(X, Y) based on information transmitted by X over a noise-less channel. The goal is to characterize the minimal rate at which X...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Dependability Arguments With Trusted Bases

    An approach is suggested for arguing that a system is dependable. The key idea is to structure the system so that critical requirements are localized in small, reliable subsets of the system's components called trusted bases. This paper describes an idiom for modeling systems with trusted bases, and a technique...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Optimizing MapReduce for Multicore Architectures

    MapReduce is a programming model for data-parallel programs originally intended for data centers. MapReduce simplifies parallel programming, hiding synchronization and task management. These properties make it a promising programming model for future processors with many cores, and existing MapReduce libraries such as Phoenix have demonstrated that applications written with MapReduce...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Reinventing Scheduling for Multicore Systems

    High performance on multicore processors requires that schedulers be reinvented. Traditional schedulers focus on keeping execution units busy by assigning each core a thread to run. Schedulers ought to focus, however, on high utilization of on-chip memory, rather than of execution cores, to reduce the impact of expensive DRAM and...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Separating Web Applications From User Data Storage With BSTORE

    This paper presents BSTORE, a framework that allows developers to separate their web application code from user data storage. With BSTORE, storage providers implement a standard file system API, and applications access user data through that same API without having to worry about where the data might be stored. A...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Network Coding for Multi-Resolution Multicast

    Multi-resolution codes enable multicast at different rates to different receivers, a setup that is often desirable for graphics or video streaming. The authors propose a simple, distributed, two-stage message passing algorithm to generate network codes for single-source multicast of multi-resolution codes. The goal of this pushback algorithm is to maximize...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Collision Helps: Algebraic Collision Recovery for Wireless Erasure Networks

    Current medium access control mechanisms are based on collision avoidance and collided packets are discarded. The recent work on ZigZag decoding departs from this approach by recovering the original packets from multiple collisions. In this paper, the authors present an algebraic representation of collisions which allows them to view each...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Skills, Tasks And Technologies: Implications For Employment And Earnings

    A central organizing framework of the voluminous recent literature studying changes in the returns to skills and the evolution of earnings inequality is what the authors refer to as the canonical model, which elegantly and powerfully operationalizes the supply and demand for skills by assuming two distinct skill groups that...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Broadcasting in Unreliable Radio Networks

    Practitioners agree that unreliable links, which fluctuate between working and not working, are an important characteristic of wireless networks. In contrast, most theoretical models of radio networks fix a static set of links and assume that these links work reliably throughout an execution. This gap between theory and practice motivates...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Fully Homomorphic Encryption Over the Integers

    The authors describe a very simple "Somewhat homomorphic" encryption scheme using only elementary modular arithmetic, and use Gentry's techniques to convert it into a fully homomorphic scheme. Compared to Gentry's construction, the somewhat homomorphic scheme merely uses addition and multiplication over the integers rather than working with ideal lattices over...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jun 2010

    Innovation In Energy Storage: What I Learned In 3.091 Was All I Needed To Know

    In a lecture that could have been titled, Better Education through Chemistry, the author begins with solar energy, grid-level storage, and liquid metal batteries and moves into education innovation, sharing creative ways to teach chemistry.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jun 2010

    Capitalism 3.0: An Institutional Revolution In The Making

    The author points to what he calls a "Blind spot" in contemporary leadership research: the organization and management of attention. The author argues that there are different kinds of awareness or attentiveness, that different problems require different qualities of or approaches to awareness.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jun 2010

    Shaped By Booms And Busts: How The Economy Impacts CEO Management Style

    If you read the press or talk to practitioners, according to the author, the worst thing for an entrepreneur [is] to be one who grew up in a boom time. These entrepreneurs never learn to manage finances or build efficient firms because they're so used to having ample availability of...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jun 2010

    MIT?s Entrepreneurial Development And Impact Over The Past 50 Years

    The author reviews the effects of entrepreneurship within MIT and the relation of MIT entrepreneurship to larger communities. The webcast polled MIT alumni about companies they had started or co-founded and which were still in business.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Compressive Sensing Over Networks

    In this paper, the authors demonstrate some applications of compressive sensing over networks. They make a connection between compressive sensing and traditional information theoretic techniques in source coding and channel coding. The results provide an explicit trade-off between the rate and the decoding complexity. The key difference of compressive sensing...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Algebraic Watchdog: Mitigating Misbehavior in Wireless Network Coding

    The authors propose a secure scheme for wireless network coding, called the algebraic watchdog. By enabling nodes to detect malicious behaviors probabilistically and use overheard messages to police their downstream neighbors locally, the algebraic watchdog delivers a secure global self-checking network. Unlike traditional Byzantine detection protocols which are receiver based,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Exact Distance Oracles for Planar Graphs

    A fast shortest-path query data structure may be of use whenever an application needs to compute shortest path distances between some but not all pairs of nodes. Indeed, shortest-path query processing is an integral part of many applications, in particular in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and intelligent transportation systems. These...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Local Multicoloring Algorithms: Computing a Nearly-Optimal TDMA Schedule in Constant Time

    In this paper, the authors look at a variant of the standard vertex coloring problem that they name graph multicoloring. Given an n-node graph G = (V, E), the goal is to assign a set Sv of colors to each node v ?? V such that the color sets Su...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Analyzing Network Coding Gossip Made Easy

    The authors give a new technique to analyze the stopping time of gossip protocols that are based on Random Linear Network Coding (RLNC). The analysis drastically simplifies, extends and strengthens previous results. They analyze RLNC gossip in a general framework for network and communication models that encompasses and unifies the...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Broadcasting in Time-Division Duplexing: A Random Linear Network Coding Approach

    The authors study random linear network coding for broadcasting in time division duplexing channels. They assume a packet erasure channel with nodes that cannot transmit and receive information simultaneously. The sender transmits coded data packets back-to-back before stopping to wait for the receivers to acknowledge the number of degrees of...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Mar 2010

    Blended Learning Revisited

    Even when children are high achievers and facile with new technology, many seem gradually to lose their sense of wonder and curiosity, notes by one of the authors. Traditional educational methods may be smothering their innate drive to explore the world.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Why History Matters: International Law And The Origins Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The presenter set out to explore how the conflict began, and so pored over the writing of scores of European political figures, and leaders of Zionist and Arab nationalist movements of the late 19th and 20th centuries. His key insight: Neither Arabs nor Jews were to blame for triggering hostilities,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Mar 2010

    The Future Of Digital Public Media

    Public broadcasting executives and producers discuss their changing roles as digital technology transforms the news and entertainment industries, and provides individuals with powerful tools for shaping their communities. Moderator asks panelists to discuss ventures that illustrate new dimensions of public media.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Rebuilding Haiti

    The author begins with a view of Haiti's history of "Insecurite", a term used to describe "Cycles of political violence, crime, and economic deterioration that have accompanied periods of political and economic upheaval, foreign occupation, dictatorship, and continued environment decline."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Mar 2010

    The Future Of Government-Citizen Engagement

    As the U.S. moves toward universal broadband access, look for increased government openness, new opportunities for civic engagement, and some dangers along the way, say these panelists. The author finds it exciting that "Government services are potentially a gateway to civic engagement."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Dec 2009

    Autism: What Do We Know? What Do We Need?

    The author provides the latest medical and scientific views on this complex developmental brain disorder. The formal definition of autism includes three main components: deficits in social behavior, abnormal language, and repetitive or restricted (motor) behaviors (hand flapping, for instance).

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2009

    Carbon And Energy Efficient Supply Chains

    Consumers will soon be able to quantify the carbon footprint of products they consume, and that could begin to change consumer behavior. The common banana you buy, say organic or not, is probably labeled by the country or origin. Increasingly, you might see a second sticker adorning your beloved yellow...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Mar 2010

    The Future Of Civic Engagement In A Broadband-Enabled World

    The digital revolution that brought Facebook, Twitter and YouTube could help revive participatory democracy in the U.S., says the author. The author unveils the FCC's plan for providing broadband access to every American, and describes how its recommendations could spur more open government and greater civic engagement.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Deploying Our Gifts For The Betterment Of Humankind: What Would Dr. King Say About Us?

    Woven into the fabric of MIT life, says the author, is the "Perpetual striving to be ever better." To this end, the author has been laboring to create a "True culture of inclusion."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    The Culture Beat And New Media

    Celebrity culture and the brutal economics of print journalism have conspired to kill arts criticism, but it has begun migrating to the web, where it just may survive and even thrive. Panelists discuss the field's colorful history, current decline, and possibly vibrant future. Arts criticism went through a Wild West...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2009

    Transportation Policy: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally And Walking The Talk

    Why do so many sustainable transportation programs turn out, like the Alice in the Wonderland parable to lead us down unexpected paths? The presenter observes that true sustainable transport requires making more than short-term fixes. A sustainable transportation program is built upon the pyramid of three "E"s: equity, environmental benefit,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2009

    Improving Your Commute

    In this webcast, the presenter describes three challenges hat need to be met in using data to help commuters - pedestrians, bicyclists, drivers - reduce the time (and fuel) spent stuck in traffic: accurate modeling of traffic delays while conserving energy and protecting user privacy, accurate predictions of future traffic...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2009

    The Role Of Information Technology In Improving Transit Systems

    This ditty about tram car ticketing made famous by Mark Twain might spring to mind during the author's talk. Technology unimaginable in Twain's day is spurring a global shift in urban transit, the author says, from manual to automatic systems.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    The Economic Meltdown: What Have We Learned, If Anything?

    The U.S. has had more than 70 years to come to terms with the Great Depression, and we really thought we knew how to avoid another one, says the author. "It wasn't supposed to be possible. Then came the current crisis."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2009

    Leadership And Entrepreneurship

    While their ventures couldn't be more dissimilar - engineering high tech defense gear for soldiers, and running an exclusive online boutique - this entrepreneurs share some common experiences and lessons. Moderator would "Love to tell you I'm wicked brilliant, analytical, clairvoyant, but I'm not."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jan 2010

    Health Care Reform In The U.S.: What Will It Look Like And What Does It Mean?

    Years of extreme partisanship and lobbying have left Americans cynical and bewildered about health care reform, but, say the authors, the urgency of achieving some measure of change is not diminished, both for American families and the nation as a whole. The sad truth is that the problem may have...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Apr 2009

    Contemplative Dimensions Of Human Experience

    In a mind-stretching talk covering the history of the planet, development of higher-order consciousness, and East-West religious practices, the author claims that humanity is poised to take its next evolutionary step, to the "Furthest levels of human understanding."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    The Tough Get Growing: How To Succeed In A Down Economy

    Stay calm, stick with your vision and business fundamentals, and you'll survive and perhaps even thrive in rough economic times, counsel these entrepreneurial aces. In a conversation with the Kauffman Foundation's, the authors reflect on their experiences bringing novel tech products to market and new companies to fruition, in good...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    Liberty By Design

    Recalling a lecture he gave at MIT in 2005, the author returns to the questions of the impact of public policy on the way technology is evolving in the Internet space. Instead of viewing it as a lawyer for a public policy interest group - his previous role - he...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Apr 2009

    Learning To See In The Dark: The Roots Of Ethical Resistance

    In this complex narrative documenting paradigm shifts in developmental thinking, the author defines the very capacity of the human nature - to have a voice and to communicate - as the grounds of both love and democratic citizenship. Dissecting the roots of healthy ethical resistance, the author weaves together developmental...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    What?s New At The MIT Center For Future Civic Media?

    The moderator of this webcast presents the Landman Report Card, a tool for helping communities contend with oil and gas companies eager to lease private land for energy drilling. In these deals, a salesman comes by with a pitch and a contract, leaving some property owners to deal with disastrous...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Apr 2009

    Ethics And Enlightened Leadership

    His Holiness the Dalai Lama spoke at an inaugural event for a new institute in his name, the Dalai Lama Center for Ethics and Transformative Values. He tempered his provocative ideas about promoting ethics in a secular society with a stream of lively banter.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2009

    Education Across Borders: The India Perspective

    Rickshaw drivers in India are frequent victims of tuberculosis after just a few years inhaling traffic fumes. This near-epidemic went unacknowledged until the author demanded a solution. The fix, now gaining traction across the country, is a solar-powered vehicle that eliminates pedaling. But what began as a project to assist...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2009

    America~s Leadership In Clean Energy

    In welcoming President Obama, MIT President Susan Hockfield summarizes the vast array of energy innovation at MIT, including the MIT Energy Initiative and the student-led 1700 member Energy Club, and declares, "We share President Obama's view that clean energy is the defining challenge of this era."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2009

    U.S.-Cuba Relations: The Beginning Of A Long Thaw?

    To the dismay of these seasoned Cuba specialists, the Obama administration is not pursuing a rapid thaw in relations with the Castro regime. While there appears no speedy end to 50 years of icy antipathy toward Cuba, the speakers detect a few hopeful signs of warming in recent times.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2009

    Entrepreneurship, Government, And Development In Africa

    After centuries of insufferable oppression by colonial powers, bloody independence struggles, and corrupt home-grown regimes, "Africa today is quickly awakening, and determined to mainstream itself in the phenomenon of the globalization process," says the author, who served as Ghana's president for two terms starting in 2000.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Mar 2009

    Imaging The Human Striatum And Its Modulation By Dopamine

    Researchers have known for some time that the neurotransmitter dopamine is centrally involved in learning and working memory, the author tells us, and that dopamine-responsive circuits connect these parts of the human brain to other structures like the striatum, which also helps orchestrate motor control.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2009

    Financial Services: Prospects For Your Future

    In a lively discussion with the authors deconstructs the near collapse of the banking system and points out the multiple factors that have contributed to the financial crisis. Topics in the discussion include the banks that did not fail, how Canadian and other countries' banking systems also did not fail,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jun 2009

    Critical Issues And Grand Challenges

    The panelists use the lens of systems engineering to focus sharply on some signature global challenges in finance, healthcare, energy and IT. The system failure that undid the small but influential financial services industry was a few decades in the making, says one of the presenter.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jun 2009

    Grand Challenges And Engineering Systems: Inspiring And Educating The Next Generation

    It's a good thing for a world increasingly beset by mammoth challenges that universities are responding with new engineering systems programs. These initiatives, as one of the presenter attests, are swiftly proliferating in the U.S. and abroad to equip students to address such complex issues as health care, sustainable energy,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Apr 2009

    Media In Transition 6: Summary Perspectives

    At the end of the three-day Media in Transition conference, panelists swap impressions and reactions, offering some notional themes for future symposia. The next conference might wish to "Mobilize and re-territorialize" itself across borders, making itself available in multiple host locations.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Apr 2009

    The Future Of Publishing

    Nostalgia, anxiety and optimism mix in this panel devoted to imagining what lies ahead for the book, as publishing professionals and others discuss the impact of digital technology on the business.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // May 2009

    U.S.-Iran Relations

    While Barrack Obama has rejected the Bush administration's harsh stance toward Iran, the authors warn that they're far from the start of fruitful relations, and that achieving real diplomacy will paradoxically require both patience and a sense of urgency.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Apr 2009

    New Media, Civic Media

    As old media die, new forms are emerging, but it's not clear they will serve such vital civic functions as "Helping people form publics," as the moderator puts it. The panelists point to promising experiments in "Public Media 2.0," but caution that new media are not guaranteed to shore up...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology