Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Displaying 281-320 of 487 results

  • Webcasts // Mar 2010

    The Future Of Civic Engagement In A Broadband-Enabled World

    The digital revolution that brought Facebook, Twitter and YouTube could help revive participatory democracy in the U.S., says the author. The author unveils the FCC's plan for providing broadband access to every American, and describes how its recommendations could spur more open government and greater civic engagement.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Multithreaded Simulation to Increase Performance Modeling Throughput on Large Compute Grids

    Simulation for performance modeling of computer architectures is a compute intensive operation requiring many compute resources and CPU cycles. Typical usage models involve running multiple sequential jobs across multiple machines. Multithreading can be used to speed up individual simulation jobs, but only provides higher throughput than multiprogramming on large workloads...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Locating Cache Performance Bottlenecks Using Data Profiling

    Every organization understands the need of effective use of CPU data caches to ensure good performance. Yet, this is made difficult due to the fact that it is extremely tough to spot poor cache patterns with the existing execution profiling tools. Typical profilers attribute costs to specific code locations. It...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Rebuilding Haiti

    The author begins with a view of Haiti's history of "Insecurite", a term used to describe "Cycles of political violence, crime, and economic deterioration that have accompanied periods of political and economic upheaval, foreign occupation, dictatorship, and continued environment decline."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Why History Matters: International Law And The Origins Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The presenter set out to explore how the conflict began, and so pored over the writing of scores of European political figures, and leaders of Zionist and Arab nationalist movements of the late 19th and 20th centuries. His key insight: Neither Arabs nor Jews were to blame for triggering hostilities,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Leading Through Adversity

    Few Companies have endured such hardship or risen to such heights in a brief span of time as Akamai Technologies. Paul Sagan tells how he became the CEO of this young firm and helped it survive and then flourish despite "Unimaginable adversity".

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Core Count Vs Cache Size for Manycore Architectures in the Cloud

    The number of cores which fit on a single chip is growing at an exponential rate while off-chip main memory bandwidth is growing at a linear rate at best. This core count to off-chip bandwidth disparity causes per-core memory bandwidth to decrease as process technology advances. Continuing per-core off-chip bandwidth...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Efficient Cache Coherence on Manycore Optical Networks

    Ever since industry has turned to parallelism instead of frequency scaling to improve processor performance, multicore processors have continued to scale to larger and larger numbers of cores. Some believe that multicores will have 1000 cores or more by the middle of the next decade. However, their promise of increased...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    The Cost of Global Broadcast Using Abstract MAC Layers

    The authors analyze greedy algorithms for broadcasting messages throughout a multi-hop wireless network, using a slot-based model that includes message collisions without collision detection. The algorithms are split formally into two pieces: A high-level piece for broadcast and a low-level piece for contention management. They accomplish the split using abstract...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Sustainable Accessibility: A Grand Challenge For The World And For MIT

    Transportation systems, as we know them today, will simply not sustain the worlds' growing population. John Sterman says it is self-evident that the current transportation model simply will not scale. But, since the Gross World Product (GWP) is growing at 3.2% annually, and doubles every twenty years, the current model...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    The Economic Meltdown: What Have We Learned, If Anything?

    The U.S. has had more than 70 years to come to terms with the Great Depression, and we really thought we knew how to avoid another one, says the author. "It wasn't supposed to be possible. Then came the current crisis."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2010

    Deploying Our Gifts For The Betterment Of Humankind: What Would Dr. King Say About Us?

    Woven into the fabric of MIT life, says the author, is the "Perpetual striving to be ever better." To this end, the author has been laboring to create a "True culture of inclusion."

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    SWIFT: A Narrowband-Friendly Cognitive Wideband Network

    Wideband technologies in the unlicensed spectrum can satisfy the ever-increasing demands for wireless bandwidth created by emerging rich media applications. The key challenge for such systems, however, is to allow narrowband technologies that share these bands (say, 802.11 a/b/g/n, Zigbee) to achieve their normal performance, without compromising the throughput or...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Wealth Accumulation And Factors Accounting For Success

    The authors use detailed income, balance sheet, and cash flow statements constructed for households in a long monthly panel in an emerging market economy, and some recent contributions in economic theory, to document and better understand the factors underlying success in achieving upward mobility in the distribution of net worth....

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Jan 2010

    Health Care Reform In The U.S.: What Will It Look Like And What Does It Mean?

    Years of extreme partisanship and lobbying have left Americans cynical and bewildered about health care reform, but, say the authors, the urgency of achieving some measure of change is not diminished, both for American families and the nation as a whole. The sad truth is that the problem may have...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Collision Helps Algebraic Collision Recovery for Wireless Erasure Networks

    Current medium access control mechanisms are based on collision avoidance and collided packets are discarded. The recent work on ZigZag decoding departs from this approach by recovering the original packets from multiple collisions. In this paper, the authors present an algebraic representation of collisions which allows one to view each...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Secure Storage of Fingerprint Biometrics Using Slepian-Wolf Codes

    This paper describes a method to encode fingerprint biometrics securely for use, e.g., in encryption or access control. The system is secure because the stored data suffices to validate a probe fingerprint but not to recreate the original fingerprint biometric. Therefore, a breach in database security does not lead to...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Unmanaged Internet Protocol: Taming the Edge Network Management Crisis

    Though appropriate for core Internet infrastructure, the Internet Protocol is unsuited to routing within and between emerging ad-hoc edge networks due to its dependence on hierarchical, administratively assigned addresses. Existing ad-hoc routing protocols address the management problem but do not scale to Internet-wide networks. The promise of ubiquitous network computing...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Efficient and Robust TCP Stream Normalization

    Network intrusion detection and prevention systems are vulnerable to evasion by attackers who craft ambiguous traffic to breach the defense of such systems. A normalizer is an in line network element that thwarts evasion attempts by removing ambiguities in network traffic. A particularly challenging step in normalization is the sound...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Chord: A Scalable Peer-to-Peer Lookup Service for Internet Applications

    Peer-to-peer systems and applications are distributed systems without any centralized control or hierarchical organization, where the software running at each node is equivalent in functionality. A fundamental problem that confronts peer-to-peer applications is to efficiently locate the node that stores a particular data item. This paper presents Chord, a distributed...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Dos and Don'ts of Client Authentication on the Web

    Client authentication has been a continuous source of problems on the web. Although many well-studied techniques exist for authentication, websites continue to use extremely weak authentication schemes, especially in non-enterprise environments such as store fronts. These weaknesses often result from careless use of authenticators within Web cookies. Of the twenty-seven...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Graphite: A Distributed Parallel Simulator for Multicores

    This paper introduces the Graphite open-source distributed parallel multicore simulator infrastructure. Graphite is designed from the ground up for exploration of future multicore processors containing dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of cores. It provides high performance for fast design space exploration and software development. Several techniques are used to achieve...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Near-Optimal Power Control in Wireless Networks: A Potential Game Approach

    The authors study power control in a multi-cell CDMA wireless system whereby self-interested users share a common spectrum and interfere with each other. The objective is to design a power control scheme that achieves a (near) optimal power allocation with respect to any predetermined network objective (such as the maximization...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    From Spectrum Pooling to Space Pooling: Opportunistic Interference Alignment in MIMO Cognitive Networks

    The authors describe a non-cooperative Interference Alignment (IA) technique which allows an opportunistic Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) link (secondary) to harmlessly coexist with another MIMO link (primary) in the same frequency band. Assuming perfect channel knowledge at the primary receiver and transmitter, capacity is achieved by transmitting along the...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Scheduling Policies for Single-Hop Networks With Heavy-Tailed Traffic

    The area of control of communication networks is one of the most active and fruitful fields of research in recent years, including several elaborate and interconnected forms of control, such as congestion control, routing, scheduling and power control. Much of the theoretical foundation regarding network stability was laid out in...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Optimal Control of Wireless Networks With Finite Buffers

    Design of low delay wireless networks that optimally utilize the network capacity is one of the most important problems in network theory and engineering. Since the seminal paper of Tassiulas and Ephremides which proposed a joint routing and scheduling algorithm that achieves the maximum network throughput, significant efforts have been...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Network Reliability With Geographically Correlated Failures

    Fiber-optic networks are vulnerable to natural disasters, such as tornadoes or earthquakes, as well as to physical failures, such as an anchor cutting underwater fiber cables. Such real-world events occur in specific geographical locations and disrupt specific parts of the network. Therefore, the geography of the network determines the effect...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Dec 2009

    The Great Climategate Debate

    The hacking of emails from the University of East Anglia's Climate Research Unit in November rocked the world of climate change science, energized global warming skeptics and threatened to derail policy negotiations at Copenhagen, these panelists, who differ on the scientific implications of the released emails generally agree that the...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Cache Replacement Policies for Multicore Processors

    Almost all of the modern computers use multiple cores, and the number of cores is expected to increase as hardware prices go down, and Moore's law fails to hold. Most of the theoretical algorithmic work so far has focused on the setting where multiple cores are performing the same task....

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Breaking and Making Quantum Money: Toward a New Quantum Cryptographic Protocol

    Public-key quantum money is a cryptographic protocol in which a bank can create quantum states which anyone can verify, but no one except possibly the bank can clone or forge. There are no secure public-key quantum money schemes in the literature; as the authors show in this paper, the only...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Proof-Carrying Data and Hearsay Arguments From Signature Cards

    Design of secure systems can often be expressed as ensuring that some property is maintained at every step of a distributed computation among mutually-untrusting parties. Special cases include integrity of programs running on untrusted platforms, various forms of confidentiality and side-channel resilience, and domain-specific invariants. The authors propose a new...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Dec 2009

    Autism: What Do We Know? What Do We Need?

    The author provides the latest medical and scientific views on this complex developmental brain disorder. The formal definition of autism includes three main components: deficits in social behavior, abnormal language, and repetitive or restricted (motor) behaviors (hand flapping, for instance).

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Temperature Shocks And Economic Growth: Evidence From The Last Half Century

    This paper uses use historical fluctuations in temperature within countries to identify its effects on aggregate economic outcomes. The authors find three primary results. First, higher temperatures substantially reduce economic growth in poor countries. Second, higher temperatures appear to reduce growth rates, not just the level of output. Third, higher...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    A Unified Operating System for Clouds and Manycore: Fos

    Single chip processors with thousands of cores will be available in the next ten years and clouds of multicore processors afford the operating system designer thousands of cores today. Constructing operating systems for manycore and cloud systems face similar challenges. This paper identifies these shared challenges and introduces them solution:...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Mobile Broadband and Implications for Broadband Competition and Adoption

    The growth of wireless mobile broadband has the potential to drive significant new growth in Internet applications, services, and equipment markets. It is likely to represent as important a change for the Internet as the transition from dial-up to broadband, fundamentally changing the landscape for broadband Internet access by adding...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    Creating A Game Plan For Transition To A Sustainable Economy

    The "Chief inspired protagonist" of one of the nation's oldest and most successful green manufacturers apologizes for delivering a talk "More depressing than expected." While discussing the challenges facing businesses attempting to transition to a more just and sustainable economy, Jeffrey Hollender enumerates the many reasons he's feeling bleak these...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    The Tough Get Growing: How To Succeed In A Down Economy

    Stay calm, stick with your vision and business fundamentals, and you'll survive and perhaps even thrive in rough economic times, counsel these entrepreneurial aces. In a conversation with the Kauffman Foundation's, the authors reflect on their experiences bringing novel tech products to market and new companies to fruition, in good...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    The Culture Beat And New Media

    Celebrity culture and the brutal economics of print journalism have conspired to kill arts criticism, but it has begun migrating to the web, where it just may survive and even thrive. Panelists discuss the field's colorful history, current decline, and possibly vibrant future. Arts criticism went through a Wild West...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Distributed Computation in Dynamic Networks

    In this paper the authors investigate distributed computation in dynamic networks in which the network topology changes from round to round. They consider a worst-case model in which the communication links for each round are chosen by an adversary, and nodes do not know who their neighbors for the current...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Nov 2009

    Liberty By Design

    Recalling a lecture he gave at MIT in 2005, the author returns to the questions of the impact of public policy on the way technology is evolving in the Internet space. Instead of viewing it as a lawyer for a public policy interest group - his previous role - he...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Price Of Airline Frequency Competition

    Frequency competition influences capacity allocation decisions in airline markets and has important implications to airline profitability and airport congestion. Market share of a competing airline is a function of its frequency share and the relationship between the two is pivotal for understanding the impacts of frequency competition on airline business....

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Evolution Of The Lean Enterprise System: A Critical Synthesis And Agenda For The Future

    Many aerospace enterprises and other organizations have adopted a variety of management approaches to achieve continuous process improvement, enterprise change and transformation, such as the lean enterprise system, Total Quality Management (TQM), Theory Of Constraints (TOC), agile manufacturing, and Business Process Reengineering (BPR). Among them, the lean enterprise system, with...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Simulating The Impact Of Strategy Development Frameworks On Transportation Infrastructure System Performance

    This paper develops, through a simulation model, a deeper understanding of the relationship between transportation infrastructure strategy development frameworks and system performance. A strategy development framework for transportation can be characterized by the infrastructure ownership structures, cross-modal and cross-sectoral linkages, revenue sources, resource allocation decision-making processes, and geographic scales of...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Financial Development, Gender And Entrepreneurship

    Female entrepreneurs are much less frequent than male entrepreneurs. In this paper the authors investigate a possible culprit: access to financial services. They use a dataset with entrepreneurship rates by opportunity and by need from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and indicators of financial institutions from Beck, Demirguc-Kunt and Levine (2000)...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Efficient Cache Coherence on Manycore Optical Networks

    Ever since industry has turned to parallelism instead of frequency scaling to improve processor performance, multicore processors have continued to scale to larger and larger numbers of cores. Some believe that multicores will have 1000 cores or more by the middle of the next decade. However, their promise of increased...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Institutional Foundations for Cyber Security: Current Responses and New Challenges

    This paper profiles institutions that are responsible for addressing threats to cyber security. Rather than focusing primarily on the private sector, the authors analyze key organizations at the national, international, and intergovernmental level. The purpose is to highlight emerging responses and challenges, while simultaneously evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Mobile Broadband and Implications for Broadband Competition and Adoption

    The growth of wireless mobile broadband has the potential to drive significant new growth in Internet applications, services, and equipment markets. It is likely to represent as important a change for the Internet as the transition from dial-up to broadband, fundamentally changing the landscape for broadband Internet access by adding...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Secure Storage of Fingerprint Biometrics Using Slepian-Wolf Codes

    This paper describes a method to encode fingerprint biometrics securely for use, e.g., in encryption or access control. The system is secure because the stored data suffices to validate a probe fingerprint but not to recreate the original fingerprint biometric. Therefore, a breach in database security does not lead to...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    ATAC: On-Chip Optical Networks for Multicore Processors

    ˆe trend in modern microprocessor architectures is clear: multicore is here. As silicon resources become increasingly abundant, processor designers are able to place more and more cores on a chip: AMD and Intel have released 2-core chips with 4-core offerings coming soon. Forecasts show that by 2014, processors may contain...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Secure Network Coding for Multi-Resolution Wireless Video Streaming

    Emerging practical schemes indicate that algebraic mixing of different packets by means of random linear network coding can increase the throughput and robustness of streaming services over wireless networks. However, concerns with the security of wireless video, in particular when only some of the users are entitled to the highest...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Towards An Integration Of The Lean Enterprise System, Total Quality Management, Six Sigma And Related Enterprise Process Improvement Methods

    The lean enterprise system, total quality management, six sigma, theory of constraints, agile manufacturing, and business process reengineering have been introduced as universally applicable best methods to improve the performance of enterprise operations through continuous process improvement and systemic planned enterprise change. Generally speaking, they represent practice-based, rather than theory-grounded,...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Disciplined Agility For Process Control & Automation

    Process Automation systems can impact the operating cost of manufacturing equipment, the safe control of large quantities of energy and the safety of dangerous substances used during manufacturing. The manufacturing segment expects greater automation of larger processes, increased capability of process automation systems, and higher quality of those systems. At...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Lean Visual Management In An ERP/MES-Controlled Production Cell

    As a company grows, more and more effort is needed to control and coordinate operations. Typically, this is accomplished through an evolving collection of systems and processes, such as an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, but such systems also influence how a company does business, reviews performance, and communicate results....

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Mitigating The Risk Of A New Workforce By Reducing Rework And Rightsizing On Hand Inventory

    Dramatically increasing the hourly workforce at a rapid pace to support accelerated product demand in an aircraft manufacturing facility in a short amount of time resulted in: increased rework, and increased part damage during assembly. The majority of rework results from simple workmanship mistakes from the new workforce. The approach...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Understanding Enterprise Behavior Using Hybrid Simulation Of Enterprise Architecture

    Today, the design of business enterprises is much more art than science. The complex structure and behavior of enterprises makes it difficult to untangle cause and effect amidst its components and their relationships. In order for managers to understand how an enterprise's architecture affects its behavior, they need tools and...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Enabling Cultural Shifts: An Enterprise Approach Toward Lean Thinking

    The Supply Planning Operations team, in a large manufacturing firm, faced a future where their complexity of scope was increasing without an increase in resource levels. As an effort to improve both efficiency and effectively within the organization, they chose to adopt Lean Thinking as a method to streamline and...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // May 2009

    A Screening Model To Explore Planning Decisions In Automotive Manufacturing Systems Under Demand Uncertainty

    Large-scale, complex engineering systems, as for automotive manufacturing, often require significant capital investment and resources for systems configuration. Furthermore, these systems operate in environments that are constantly changing due to shifts in macroeconomic, market demand and regulations, which can significantly influence systems' performance. It is often very difficult or prohibitively...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Electricity Transmission Policy For America: Enabling A Smart Grid, End-to-End

    This paper proposes a framework of policies to guide the future development of America's electric transmission grid so that the electric power industry will be able to serve more effectively the changing needs of the U.S. economy and society. The paper provides a factual overview of the American electric power...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Dynamic Pricing Through Sampling Based Optimization

    In this paper the authors develop an approach to dynamic pricing that combines ideas from data-driven and robust optimization to address the uncertain and dynamic aspects of the problem. In this setting, a firm offers multiple products to be sold over a fixed discrete time horizon. Each product sold consumes...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Transparent Detection of Computer Malware Using Virtualization

    In this paper, the author explores malware detection using a combination of virtualization- and storage-based intrusion detection techniques. By monitoring disk activity of a virtual machine and correlating that activity to knowledge of the filesystem structure on the virtual machine's disk, an intrusion detection system can react to file changes...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2008

    Climate Change: Challenges And Opportunities For Business And Society

    Richard Locke explains, sustainability is not an "In vogue concept" that is about environment or climate change. Rather, it is "An incredible opportunity for new business, and for existing enterprise to reinvent their practices". He invites panelists and audience at Convocation sessions to engage in dialog about moving beyond theory...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2008

    Opportunities In Building More Sustainable Supply Chains

    When a global corporation implements sustainability standards, it pays to work closely with supply chains, as these panelists attest. From his research, Richard M. Locke knows that the traditional methods of achieving decent labor conditions don't work well.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2008

    Getting Unstuck: How To Promote More Sustainable Practices In Our Organizations

    All that's required to achieve sustainability says Rebecca Henderson, is to clean up your current operations and/or rethink the business. "That's easy," she says. Henderson has spent much of her career trying to help firms embrace and survive such transformations. She and her colleagues have analyzed why businesses get stuck...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2012

    A Framework for Thermal and Performance Management

    In modern computing facilities, higher and higher operating temperatures are due to the employment of power-hungry devices, hence the need for cost-effective heat dissipation solutions to guarantee proper operating temperatures. Within this context, Dynamic Thermal Management techniques (DTM) can be highly beneficial in proactively control heat dissipation, avoiding overheating. The...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Aug 2004

    Hiding and Revealing in Online Poker Games

    Poker is largely a game of social and psychological information. However, online card room interfaces do not support the subtle communication between players that is integral to the psychological aspect of the game, making the games less authentic and less enjoyable than they could be. The paper explores how card...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2002

    Dispersed Employment, Commuting, and Mixed Land-Use in Modern Cities

    This paper has two objectives. The first is to review a range of empirical evidence that suggests this vision of urban form is largely incorrect. Over time, in most cities, real estate rents and asset prices grow little more than inflation. In addition, recently released data on the spatial distribution...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Nov 2000

    Ski Resort Real Estate Markets: Why Not to Invest

    This paper examines the behavior of ski resort property in a major New England market over the last 25 years. A property price series is constructed for the Loon Mountain resort, which is believed to be quite typical of New England Ski areas. This series reveals that nominal prices are...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Feb 2004

    The Role of Software in Spacecraft Accidents

    The first and most important step in solving any problem is understanding the problem well enough to create effective solutions. To this end, several software-related spacecraft accidents were studied to determine common systemic factors. Although the details in each accident were different, very similar factors related to flaws in the...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Tools & Templates // May 2006

    Project Control Book

    This is a template for project control book.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Keyword Programming in Java

    Keyword programming is a novel technique for reducing the need to remember details of programming language syntax and APIs, by translating a small number of unordered keywords provided by the user into a valid expression. In a sense, the keywords act as a query that searches the space of expressions...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    A Multi-Hop Multi-Source Algebraic Watchdog

    In the authors' previous work ('An Algebraic Watchdog for Wireless Network Coding'), they proposed a new scheme in which nodes can detect malicious behaviors probabilistically, police their downstream neighbors locally using overheard messages; thus, provide a secure global self-checking network. As the first building block of such a system, they...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Sep 2008

    Opportunities In Infrastructure And Built Environments

    Half the world's population currently lives in cities, and that number is spiraling upward, as urban settlements gobble up most of the world's natural resources and emit the most pollutants. No wonder that these panelists perceive the challenge (and opportunity) of sustainability as much bigger than getting people to switch...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2008

    MIT Experts Analyze Financial Crisis, Debate Cures

    In this webcast a panel of five MIT faculty experts in economics and business analyze the ongoing financial crisis in the U.S. and world markets at a special session Oct. 8.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2008

    Leading Change: A Conversation With Ron Williams

    In what Dean Dave Schmittlein bills as a master class, Ronald A. Williams discusses how an emphasis on new technology and application of basic values helped turn around the health care giant Aetna.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2008

    Building The Next Generation Company: Innovation, Talent, Excellence

    While the ongoing world economic crisis has left many business leaders sweating (or worse), John Chambers is rolling up his sleeves in anticipation of an eventual recovery. After every economic challenge, he says, Cisco has come out with dramatic gains in market share. This time won't be different, if Chambers'...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2008

    What (If Anything) Should Be Done About Improving The System Of Electing A President?

    As David King puts it, "The Constitution has an on the one hand, on the other quality," and the Electoral College seems a focal point for contrariness and ambivalence. King ticks off areas where the EC can be viewed alternatively: for instance, does it encourage healthy, broad-based campaigning and widespread...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2008

    George Soros On The New Paradigm For Financial Markets

    George Soros extends his "Theory of reflexivity" from abstraction to application in the realm of investing. His book, The New Paradigm for Financial Markets, offers a timely look at the credit crisis that reached crescendo in 2008. His views fall between prescience and vindication. Nevertheless, he concedes fallibility: "With all...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Oct 2008

    Achieving U.S. Energy Security Through Energy Diversity

    We've been spoiled as a nation, says Bob Malone. For decades, energy was inexpensive and abundant, and most Americans took it for granted. Recently "We've seen the world change around us." Successive presidential administrations have failed to free the nation of dependence on foreign oil, and to advance alternatives to...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Dec 2008

    Nurturing A Vibrant Culture To Drive Innovation

    W.L. Gore's products alone, such as the eponymous GORE-TEX water- and windproof fabrics, and a multitude of unique medical, electronic and industrial materials, might seem to assure the company's success. But Terri Kelly attributes the 50-year-old company's achievements not just to engineering prowess, but to its singular culture.

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Webcasts // Feb 2009

    Challenges To The Global Economy

    Martin Feldstein had a hard time choosing which of the innumerable problems to focus on, he admits, but ultimately settles on near-term challenges faced by the U.S. First off, this downturn is a typical, past recessions generally resulted from the Federal Reserve responding to inflation by nudging up interest rates...

    Provided By Massachusetts Institute of Technology