Nokia

Displaying 1-21 of 21 results

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    E-MAC: An Elastic MAC Layer for IEEE 802.11 Networks

    The authors present a system for real-time traffic support in infrastructure and ad-hoc IEEE 802.11 networks. The proposed Elastic MAC (E-MAC) protocol provides a distributed transmission schedule for stations with real-time traffic requirements, while allowing a seamless coexistence with standard IEEE 802.11 clients, protecting best-effort 802.11 traffic from starvation by...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    VANET Connectivity Analysis

    Vehicular Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs) are a peculiar subclass of mobile ad hoc networks that raise a number of technical challenges, notably from the point of view of their mobility models. In this paper, the authors provide a thorough analysis of the connectivity of such networks by leveraging on well-known...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Implications of Device Diversity for Organic Localization

    Many indoor localization methods are based on the association of 802.11 wireless RF signals from Wireless Access Points (WAPs) with location labels. An "Organic" RF positioning system relies on regular users, not dedicated surveyors, to build the map of RF fingerprints to location labels. However, signal variation due to device...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    MU-MIMO in 4G Systems

    This paper first presents an overview of the different MU-MIMO schemes included/being studied in 3GPP standardization; from LTE to LTE-Advanced. Various receiver architectures are then studied and their performance assessed through link-level simulations. Appealing performance increase offered by interference aware receiver is notably emphasized. Furthermore, system level simulations for LTE...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Energy Efficiency of Mobile Clients in Cloud Computing

    Energy efficiency is a fundamental consideration for mobile devices. Cloud computing has the potential to save mobile client energy but the savings from offloading the computation need to exceed the energy cost of the additional communication. This paper provides an analysis of the critical factors affecting the energy consumption of...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Nokia Views on IPv6 Transition

    The transition to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is no longer debatable. An increasing number of global internet users and the impending exhaustion of IPv4 addresses managed by the five regional internet registries have increased the pace of transition to IPv6. These registries now predict the timeframe for IPv4 address...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Security Within Ad Hoc Networks

    With the advancement in radio technologies like Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11 or Hiperlan, a new concept of networking has emerged. This is known as ad hoc networking where potential mobile users arrive within the common perimeter of radio link and participate in setting up the network topology for communication. Nodes within...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Mobile Phone Practices & the Design of Mobile Money Services for Emerging Markets

    This paper applies the lessons learned from of a number of qualitative research studies into communication practices, mobile phone use to the design of mobile money services. There was a time when the adoption of mobile phones was expected to be limited to the wealthy and early mobile phone designs...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Understanding the Challenges in Securing Internet Routing

    The Internet routing system plays an essential role of glueing together tens of thousands of individual networks to create a global data delivery substrate. Over the years many efforts have been devoted to securing the routing system and a plethora of solutions have been proposed. Yet none of the solutions...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Using Comics as a Visual Metaphor for Enriching SMS Messages With Contextual and Social Media

    Comics can serve as visual artifacts, representing numerous qualities in a phone text message, including its participants, genres, and community, all tied to the context of the text. This paper introduces a system called SMSComics that explores the usage of comics as a visual metaphor for SMS conversations sent by...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Message Fragmentation in Disruptive Networks

    In networks with unstable links fragmentation of a message into smaller pieces before transmission can reduce message blocking due to disrupted transmission and increase the utilization of contact durations; thus increasing the connectivity of the network for large messages. In this paper, the authors formalize message fragmentation in such networks,...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    An Adaptive Inter-Domain PCE Framework to Improve Resource Utilization and Reduce Inter-Domain Signaling

    Upcoming broadband commercial and scientific applications are now demanding high bandwidth pipes across multiple domains with guaranteed Quality of Service (QoS). Recent research initiatives such as the Path Computation Element (PCE) framework are focusing on the development of scalable multi-domain QoS provisioning frameworks, especially within the emerging carrier grade transport...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    GPS Community Map Generation for Enhanced Routing Methods Based on Trace-Collection by Mobile Phones

    The paper describes a map generation system which relies on random individual contributions of GPS traced movements. In a typical use case, mobile phone users would join a specific community to contribute their movements along streets, roads or pathways in form of so called traces. Neither contributing subscribers nor the...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Anywhere, Anytime Business With Nokia's Comprehensive Mail for Exchange Solution

    The most common type of mobile business solution implemented by companies today is mobile email. However, many companies have been slow to embrace the competitive advantages - like flexibility and adaptability - that mobile email and other mobile business solutions can deliver to their broader workforces. According to International Data...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Modeling Energy Efficiency in Wireless Internet Communication

    For wireless mobile Internet users the length of the battery life is one of the most important performance factors. The energy efficiency of the data transmission over radio is a key component affecting the battery lifetime. This paper investigates WLAN energy consumption in network communication on a Mobile handset. The...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    RESTful Security

    The authors take a look into the REST architectural style of making scalable web applications and find out the critical requirements that mismatch with the current web security and privacy architecture. One of the core challenges is the inability of the web security model to scale up with caching when...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Computer-Supported Collaborative Knowledge Modeling in Ecology

    Increasingly, many smartphones (i.e., Apple iPhone, Google Android, PalmPre, Blackberry Storm and Bold, and Nokia S60) today are equipped with standards-based Web browsers that facilitate access to and interaction with the Web. In some cases, like Nokia S60 series, the smartphones add a web application runtime environment that runs widgets....

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Mobile Web Widgets: Enabler of Enterprise Mobility Work

    Increasingly, many Smartphones (i.e., Apple iPhone, Google Android, PalmPre, Blackberry Storm and Bold, and Nokia S60) today are equipped with standards-based Web browsers that facilitate access to and interaction with the Web. In some cases, like Nokia S60 series, the Smartphones add a web application run-time environment that runs widgets....

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    A Parsimonious Model of Mobile Partitioned Networks With Clustering

    Mobile wireless networks frequently possess, at the same time, both dense and sparse regions of connectivity; for example, due to a heterogeneous node distribution or radio propagation environment. This paper is about modeling both the mobility and the formation of clusters in such networks, where nodes are concentrated in clusters...

    Provided By Nokia

  • Downloads // Jan 2004

    Nokia Developer's Suite for MMS Version 1.1 Nokia Developer's Suite for MMS Version 1.1

    The Nokia Developer's Suite for MMS is a tool, which assembles an MMS message based on an existing SMIL file, its referenced media files, and the required MMS message headers. This MMS message can be sent to one or many handset simulator SDK(s) as well as to the Nokia MMSC...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jan 2003

    Introduction to Mobile Game Development

    This paper starts with an introduction to mobile gaming. It describes how games are implemented for mobile phones. It also differentiates between conventional game development and mobile game development. It discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the platform and how gaming should be developed to its strength.

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jan 2003

    Introduction to Mobile Game Development

    This paper starts with an introduction to mobile gaming. It describes how games are implemented for mobile phones. It also differentiates between conventional game development and mobile game development. It discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the platform and how gaming should be developed to its strength.

    Provided By Nokia

  • Downloads // Jan 2004

    Nokia Developer's Suite for MMS Version 1.1 Nokia Developer's Suite for MMS Version 1.1

    The Nokia Developer's Suite for MMS is a tool, which assembles an MMS message based on an existing SMIL file, its referenced media files, and the required MMS message headers. This MMS message can be sent to one or many handset simulator SDK(s) as well as to the Nokia MMSC...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Dec 2008

    A Parsimonious Model of Mobile Partitioned Networks With Clustering

    Mobile wireless networks frequently possess, at the same time, both dense and sparse regions of connectivity; for example, due to a heterogeneous node distribution or radio propagation environment. This paper is about modeling both the mobility and the formation of clusters in such networks, where nodes are concentrated in clusters...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Modeling Energy Efficiency in Wireless Internet Communication

    For wireless mobile Internet users the length of the battery life is one of the most important performance factors. The energy efficiency of the data transmission over radio is a key component affecting the battery lifetime. This paper investigates WLAN energy consumption in network communication on a Mobile handset. The...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Nokia Views on IPv6 Transition

    The transition to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is no longer debatable. An increasing number of global internet users and the impending exhaustion of IPv4 addresses managed by the five regional internet registries have increased the pace of transition to IPv6. These registries now predict the timeframe for IPv4 address...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Anywhere, Anytime Business With Nokia's Comprehensive Mail for Exchange Solution

    The most common type of mobile business solution implemented by companies today is mobile email. However, many companies have been slow to embrace the competitive advantages - like flexibility and adaptability - that mobile email and other mobile business solutions can deliver to their broader workforces. According to International Data...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Using Comics as a Visual Metaphor for Enriching SMS Messages With Contextual and Social Media

    Comics can serve as visual artifacts, representing numerous qualities in a phone text message, including its participants, genres, and community, all tied to the context of the text. This paper introduces a system called SMSComics that explores the usage of comics as a visual metaphor for SMS conversations sent by...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Mobile Phone Practices & the Design of Mobile Money Services for Emerging Markets

    This paper applies the lessons learned from of a number of qualitative research studies into communication practices, mobile phone use to the design of mobile money services. There was a time when the adoption of mobile phones was expected to be limited to the wealthy and early mobile phone designs...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Energy Efficiency of Mobile Clients in Cloud Computing

    Energy efficiency is a fundamental consideration for mobile devices. Cloud computing has the potential to save mobile client energy but the savings from offloading the computation need to exceed the energy cost of the additional communication. This paper provides an analysis of the critical factors affecting the energy consumption of...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Security Within Ad Hoc Networks

    With the advancement in radio technologies like Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11 or Hiperlan, a new concept of networking has emerged. This is known as ad hoc networking where potential mobile users arrive within the common perimeter of radio link and participate in setting up the network topology for communication. Nodes within...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Computer-Supported Collaborative Knowledge Modeling in Ecology

    Increasingly, many smartphones (i.e., Apple iPhone, Google Android, PalmPre, Blackberry Storm and Bold, and Nokia S60) today are equipped with standards-based Web browsers that facilitate access to and interaction with the Web. In some cases, like Nokia S60 series, the smartphones add a web application runtime environment that runs widgets....

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Understanding the Challenges in Securing Internet Routing

    The Internet routing system plays an essential role of glueing together tens of thousands of individual networks to create a global data delivery substrate. Over the years many efforts have been devoted to securing the routing system and a plethora of solutions have been proposed. Yet none of the solutions...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    GPS Community Map Generation for Enhanced Routing Methods Based on Trace-Collection by Mobile Phones

    The paper describes a map generation system which relies on random individual contributions of GPS traced movements. In a typical use case, mobile phone users would join a specific community to contribute their movements along streets, roads or pathways in form of so called traces. Neither contributing subscribers nor the...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Message Fragmentation in Disruptive Networks

    In networks with unstable links fragmentation of a message into smaller pieces before transmission can reduce message blocking due to disrupted transmission and increase the utilization of contact durations; thus increasing the connectivity of the network for large messages. In this paper, the authors formalize message fragmentation in such networks,...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Implications of Device Diversity for Organic Localization

    Many indoor localization methods are based on the association of 802.11 wireless RF signals from Wireless Access Points (WAPs) with location labels. An "Organic" RF positioning system relies on regular users, not dedicated surveyors, to build the map of RF fingerprints to location labels. However, signal variation due to device...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    E-MAC: An Elastic MAC Layer for IEEE 802.11 Networks

    The authors present a system for real-time traffic support in infrastructure and ad-hoc IEEE 802.11 networks. The proposed Elastic MAC (E-MAC) protocol provides a distributed transmission schedule for stations with real-time traffic requirements, while allowing a seamless coexistence with standard IEEE 802.11 clients, protecting best-effort 802.11 traffic from starvation by...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    VANET Connectivity Analysis

    Vehicular Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs) are a peculiar subclass of mobile ad hoc networks that raise a number of technical challenges, notably from the point of view of their mobility models. In this paper, the authors provide a thorough analysis of the connectivity of such networks by leveraging on well-known...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    An Adaptive Inter-Domain PCE Framework to Improve Resource Utilization and Reduce Inter-Domain Signaling

    Upcoming broadband commercial and scientific applications are now demanding high bandwidth pipes across multiple domains with guaranteed Quality of Service (QoS). Recent research initiatives such as the Path Computation Element (PCE) framework are focusing on the development of scalable multi-domain QoS provisioning frameworks, especially within the emerging carrier grade transport...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Mobile Web Widgets: Enabler of Enterprise Mobility Work

    Increasingly, many Smartphones (i.e., Apple iPhone, Google Android, PalmPre, Blackberry Storm and Bold, and Nokia S60) today are equipped with standards-based Web browsers that facilitate access to and interaction with the Web. In some cases, like Nokia S60 series, the Smartphones add a web application run-time environment that runs widgets....

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    RESTful Security

    The authors take a look into the REST architectural style of making scalable web applications and find out the critical requirements that mismatch with the current web security and privacy architecture. One of the core challenges is the inability of the web security model to scale up with caching when...

    Provided By Nokia

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    MU-MIMO in 4G Systems

    This paper first presents an overview of the different MU-MIMO schemes included/being studied in 3GPP standardization; from LTE to LTE-Advanced. Various receiver architectures are then studied and their performance assessed through link-level simulations. Appealing performance increase offered by interference aware receiver is notably emphasized. Furthermore, system level simulations for LTE...

    Provided By Nokia