OECD

Displaying 1-40 of 51 results

  • White Papers // May 2011

    International Mobile Data Roaming

    This paper examines the pricing of international mobile data roaming. It continues the work undertaken on the pricing of voice and SMS international mobile roaming services. The paper finds that data roaming prices are very high compared to domestic rates in the country of origin. Average prices per MB are...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2011

    OECD's FDI Restrictiveness Index: 2010 Update

    The 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted. The FDI Index is now available for all OECD Members, adherents to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, Enhanced Engagement countries and...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Open Plan Schools In Portugal: Failure Or Innovation?

    An open plan school, simply defined, is "A school built to a design which does not include self contained classrooms" (Hamilton, 1976). It has a fewer internal doors and walls than a school with traditional classrooms accommodating the same number of students. The open space design, often still used in...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Assessment And Innovation In Education

    This paper proposes three main ways of combining assessment and innovation: Developing a wide range of performance measurements for both students and schools; rethinking the alignment of standards and assessment; measuring the impact of assessments on teaching and learning. One way of influencing teaching and learning might be to modify...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    OECD~s FDI Restrictiveness Index

    The 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted. The FDI Index is now available for all OECD Members, adherents to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, Enhanced Engagement countries and...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Foreign State Immunity And Foreign Government Controlled Investors

    Discussions at the "Freedom of Investment" Roundtables, hosted by the OECD Investment Committee, have stressed that increased investments by foreign State-controlled investors can bring significant benefits to home and host societies, but have also noted that they can raise concerns. This paper examines two principal issues concerning foreign State-controlled investors:...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Intellectual Property Rights In International Investment Agreements

    This paper provides an overview of recent developments in investment treaty practice with regard to the protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs). The analysis departs from traditional IPR studies developed almost exclusively in the context of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement. The aim of this study is to clarify the extent to...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    The Macroeconomic Effects Of Large Exchange Rate Appreciations

    In this paper the authors study the macroeconomic effects of large exchange rate appreciations. In a sample of 128 countries since 1960, they identify 25 episodes of large nominal and real appreciations shocks and study their macroeconomic effects in a dummy-augmented panel autoregressive model. The results show that an exchange...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Financial Integration And Fiscal Policy

    The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of financial integration on fiscal policy. Using an unbalanced panel of 31 OECD countries from 1970 to 2009, the paper shows that financial integration has significant disciplinary effects by reducing fiscal deficits (mostly government spending) and (discretionary) spending volatility. In...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Options To Improve The Governance And Investment Of Japan~s Government Pension Investment Fund

    This paper suggests avenues for strengthening the governance and management of the Japanese Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF), the largest single pool of pension assets in the world. The GPIF earned its name in 2006 as part of a major governance reform that aimed at increasing the transparency and autonomy...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    University Entrepreneurship Support: Policy Issues, Good Practices And Recommendations

    Entrepreneurs shift economic resources into areas that yield higher productivity and returns. This definition was offered by Jean-Baptiste Say at the beginning of the nineteenth century and, despite the debates that have evolved ever since, it is, in its quintessence, still valid today. Shifting economic resources requires information as well...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Fiscal Policy In Latin America: Better After All?

    This paper analyses fiscal policy for several economies in Latin America, from the early nineties to the 2009 crisis. The authors present original estimates of cyclically-adjusted public revenues for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay implementing the standardized OECD methodology and extending it to include commodity...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Impact Of The Financial Crisis On Defined Benefit Plans And The Need For Counter-Cyclical Funding Regulations

    Three essential goals of pension plan funding are the long-term viability, stability and security of member benefits. Reform of funding regulations for Defined Benefit (DB) pension schemes to make them more counter-cyclical in nature can help achieve these goals as well as make DB schemes more attractive to plan sponsors...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Information And Communication Technology Sector In India

    The Indian economy has grown at 7.5-8% per annum in recent years and is forecast to grow by 8% in 2010.1 the acceleration of economic growth has reduced poverty both at state and national levels. Impressive transformation and growth of the economy has created opportunities both in exporting software and...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Assessing Default Investment Strategies In Defined Contribution Pension Plans

    This paper assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase. In particular, it looks at whether the specific glide-path of life-cycle investment strategies and the introduction of dynamic features in the design of default investment strategies affect significantly retirement income outcomes. The analysis...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2010

    The Challenge Of Financing Health Care In The Current Crisis

    The ratio of health expenditure to GDP, which in macroeconomic terms is an indicator which summarises the financing needs of a national health system, is likely to rise in countries for which the GDP falls. Over the past four decades, health expenditure has risen in most countries at a faster...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Counter-Cyclical Economic Policy

    Since the mid-1980s, business cycles have tended to become smaller in amplitude and longer during the expansionary phase with fewer recessions. This reduction in macroeconomic volatility was accompanied by greater asset price volatility, while economic and asset price cycles became more synchronized both within and across countries. The flip-side of...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    International Approaches To Teacher Selection And Recruitment

    This report presents the findings of the review of the evidence base on comparative practices of teacher selection and recruitment, specifically on the different mechanisms countries use to assess teacher readiness to take up teaching posts, with particular emphasis on testing or examinations.1 It is intended that the report will...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Internet Addressing: Measuring Deployment Of Ipv6

    One of the major challenges for the future of the Internet is its ability to scale to connect billions of people and devices. A key part of scalability is the Internet Protocol (IP). The Internet Protocol specifies how communications take place between one device and another through an addressing system....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    International Mobile Roaming Services: Analysis and Policy Recommendations

    The first report on international mobile roaming services ("International Mobile Roaming Charging in the OECD Area") provided information on market development and pricing of International Mobile Roaming Services (IMRS) in the OECD area. It found prices to be unreasonably high, considering the underlying costs, and identified some of the causes...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Wireless Broadband Indicator Methodology

    The wireless broadband methodology is the result of several rounds of contributions from, and in-depth discussions among, member countries. The new indicator will assist in informing policy makers and other stakeholders in this increasingly important market segment. The OECD began collecting and reporting broadband data in 2000 as a way...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Global Investment Activity Stagnates Into 2010

    The most recent monthly data on global merger and acquisition (M&A) activity through February 2010 and OECD FDI inflows and outflows through the third quarter of 2009 paint a picture of caution and persistent sluggishness. The average monthly M&A activity in the past 12 months was just under US$50 billion....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    How Does Academic Ability Affect Educational And Labour Market Pathways In Canada

    Using data from the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS), this paper provides an up-to-date description of educational and labour market pathways (or transitions) among Canadian youth. It also estimates the effect of academic abilities, measured by PISA math and reading scores, on such transitions. Descriptive statistics show that educational success...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    International Mobile Roaming Charging in the OECD Area

    The aim of this paper is to provide information and analysis on market developments and pricing in International Mobile Roaming Service (IMRS). While the wireless industry has witnessed spectacular developments in recent years, and is considered competitive in domestic markets, there is a widespread perception among many stakeholders, including some...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    General Guidance On A Policy Framework For Effective And Efficient Financial Regulation

    The structure and operation of the financial system have undergone marked changes in the past couple of decades, encouraged by dramatic improvements in technology, rapid product innovation, ongoing global financial system integration, competition in financial services, and policy, regulatory, and trade reforms. These developments have led to a dynamic, sophisticated,...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Network Developments In Support Of Innovation And User Needs

    This paper makes a case for investment in a competitive, open-access national fibre-to-the-home network rollout based on potential spillovers in four key sectors of the economy: electricity, health, transportation and education. This paper offers a new approach to evaluating the costs of building the most forward-looking network possible by evaluating...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Framework For The Development Of Financial Literacy Baseline Surveys

    There is growing concern, across a wide range of countries, about the levels of financial capability of consumers. A large number of initiatives are therefore being developed to address this issue; and countries are increasingly rolling out national strategies on financial capability. To do this effectively requires evidence on the...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Smart Sensor Networks: Technologies and Applications for Green Growth

    Sensors and sensor networks have an important impact in meeting environmental challenges. Sensor applications in multiple fields such as smart power grids, smart buildings and smart industrial process control significantly contribute to more efficient use of resources and thus a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and other sources of pollution....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Are Sovereign Wealth Funds~ Investments Politically Biased? A Comparison With Mutual Funds

    Global allocation of capital and fluctuations in asset prices are increasingly influenced by the activities of Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs). The Santiago Principles called for higher transparency, stressing that SWFs should exhibit clearer governance standards and sound portfolio management principles. Although asset allocation strategies for these funds are not known,...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Children Of Immigrants In The Labour Markets Of EU And OECD Countries

    This paper provides a first comparative overview of the presence and outcomes of the children of immigrants in the labour markets of OECD countries, based on a collection of data from 16 OECD countries with large immigrant populations. Its key findings are the following: In about half of all OECD...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    How The Developing World May Participate In The Global Internet Economy: Innovation Driven By Competition

    Full participation in the global Internet Economy requires electronic connectivity of considerable complexity. Today, due to a worldwide wave of liberalization and technological and business innovations in the mobile space, much of the world is electronically connected, albeit not at the levels that would fully support participation in the global...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Results-Based Accountability Producing Measurable Improvements For Customers And Communities

    It is not uncommon to find that countries and their regions, local councils and cities have timely reliable data about the quality of life of their citizens. But often this data is not used in ways that lead to the improvement in the quality of life of those geographic areas....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Labour Market Integration In Norway

    In the context of longstanding and significant differences between the labour market outcomes of the native-born and immigrants, the labour market integration of immigrants has been a key policy issue in Norway. The differences are largely attributable to the prevalence of family and humanitarian migrants in the past, since these...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Vocational Training And The Informal Economy

    This paper reviews six aspects of vocational training, an important policy instrument for enhancing employment. These aspects were discussed in the POVNET task team on Employment and Labor Markets during 2007 and 2008. Boxes give excerpts from case studies discussed. Recommendations for donors appear at the end of the paper....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Strengthening The Resilience Of An Economy: Enlarging The Menu Of Stabilization Policy As To Prevent Another Crisis

    The financial crisis has affected the real economy in stages yet nevertheless at an unexpected rate and with all regions being affected simultaneously. It advanced almost independently of the regions' exposure to the actual initial causes, among them the sub prime crisis, innovative financial products, dubious micro-economic incentives, inefficient regulation...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Legislation, Collective Bargaining And Enforcement

    This paper presents updated estimates of the OECD employment protection indicators for 30 OECD countries and 10 emerging economies and considers important aspects of employment protection other than those provided in legislation. Collective agreements often contain provisions relating to employment protection, but in most OECD countries, severance pay and notice...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Investment Regulations And Defined Contribution Pensions

    This paper assesses the impact of different quantitative approaches to regulate investment risk on the retirement income stemming from Defined Contribution (DC) pension plans. It looks at how such regulations affect the spectrum of investment policies available and, through this channel, how they affect the retirement income that an individual...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Mobile Broadband: Pricing and Services

    Although, the number of OECD countries that publish data on the number of mobile broadband subscribers is not large, growth is significant in markets where data are available. This paper provides an overview of prices, speeds and data caps of mobile broadband services. 99 and 58 operators in OECD countries...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Investment Risk And Pensions

    This paper is part of a series that examines how different kinds of uncertainty affect retirement incomes. The first of these papers (Whitehouse, 2007) looked at life-expectancy risk: How much of the cost to retirement-income systems of longer lives will be borne by individual retirees, in the form of reduced...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Sustainable Manufacturing And Eco‑Innovation: Towards A Green Economy

    In recent decades, expanding economic activity has been accompanied by growing concerns about climate change, energy security and scarcity of natural resources. While industries are showing greater interest in sustainable production and are undertaking a number of corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, progress falls far short of meeting these pressing...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Mobile Payments for Remittances in Latinamerica: Benchmarking With Africa

    Even though remittances to the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region are expected to slow down by around 6 percent in 2009 before recovering in 2010, their large recorded value of USD 63 billion in 2008 brings these flows to center stage as a source of growth in times of...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Counter-Cyclical Economic Policy

    Since the mid-1980s, business cycles have tended to become smaller in amplitude and longer during the expansionary phase with fewer recessions. This reduction in macroeconomic volatility was accompanied by greater asset price volatility, while economic and asset price cycles became more synchronized both within and across countries. The flip-side of...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Open Plan Schools In Portugal: Failure Or Innovation?

    An open plan school, simply defined, is "A school built to a design which does not include self contained classrooms" (Hamilton, 1976). It has a fewer internal doors and walls than a school with traditional classrooms accommodating the same number of students. The open space design, often still used in...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    International Approaches To Teacher Selection And Recruitment

    This report presents the findings of the review of the evidence base on comparative practices of teacher selection and recruitment, specifically on the different mechanisms countries use to assess teacher readiness to take up teaching posts, with particular emphasis on testing or examinations.1 It is intended that the report will...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    How Does Academic Ability Affect Educational And Labour Market Pathways In Canada

    Using data from the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS), this paper provides an up-to-date description of educational and labour market pathways (or transitions) among Canadian youth. It also estimates the effect of academic abilities, measured by PISA math and reading scores, on such transitions. Descriptive statistics show that educational success...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Assessment And Innovation In Education

    This paper proposes three main ways of combining assessment and innovation: Developing a wide range of performance measurements for both students and schools; rethinking the alignment of standards and assessment; measuring the impact of assessments on teaching and learning. One way of influencing teaching and learning might be to modify...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    OECD~s FDI Restrictiveness Index

    The 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted. The FDI Index is now available for all OECD Members, adherents to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, Enhanced Engagement countries and...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Foreign State Immunity And Foreign Government Controlled Investors

    Discussions at the "Freedom of Investment" Roundtables, hosted by the OECD Investment Committee, have stressed that increased investments by foreign State-controlled investors can bring significant benefits to home and host societies, but have also noted that they can raise concerns. This paper examines two principal issues concerning foreign State-controlled investors:...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    The Influence Of Market Developments And Policies On Telecommunication Investment

    This paper assembles some evidence on developments in investment by incumbent and alternative telecommunications operators during the period 2000-2005. The quality of data on investment is not in general sufficient to clearly differentiate between investment by new entrants and investment by incumbents. Definitional problems also exist in that the players...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Network Developments In Support Of Innovation And User Needs

    This paper makes a case for investment in a competitive, open-access national fibre-to-the-home network rollout based on potential spillovers in four key sectors of the economy: electricity, health, transportation and education. This paper offers a new approach to evaluating the costs of building the most forward-looking network possible by evaluating...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Information And Communication Technology Sector In India

    The Indian economy has grown at 7.5-8% per annum in recent years and is forecast to grow by 8% in 2010.1 the acceleration of economic growth has reduced poverty both at state and national levels. Impressive transformation and growth of the economy has created opportunities both in exporting software and...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Intellectual Property Rights In International Investment Agreements

    This paper provides an overview of recent developments in investment treaty practice with regard to the protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs). The analysis departs from traditional IPR studies developed almost exclusively in the context of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement. The aim of this study is to clarify the extent to...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Options To Improve The Governance And Investment Of Japan~s Government Pension Investment Fund

    This paper suggests avenues for strengthening the governance and management of the Japanese Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF), the largest single pool of pension assets in the world. The GPIF earned its name in 2006 as part of a major governance reform that aimed at increasing the transparency and autonomy...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2011

    OECD's FDI Restrictiveness Index: 2010 Update

    The 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted. The FDI Index is now available for all OECD Members, adherents to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, Enhanced Engagement countries and...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Financial Integration And Fiscal Policy

    The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of financial integration on fiscal policy. Using an unbalanced panel of 31 OECD countries from 1970 to 2009, the paper shows that financial integration has significant disciplinary effects by reducing fiscal deficits (mostly government spending) and (discretionary) spending volatility. In...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Pension Fund Investment In Infrastructure

    As the need for investment in infrastructure continues to grow, private sector financing for infrastructure projects has developed around the world. Given the long-term growth and (potentially) low correlation aspects of infrastructure investments, pension funds have also shown interest in increasing their exposure to this area, along with their move...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Investment Regulations And Defined Contribution Pensions

    This paper assesses the impact of different quantitative approaches to regulate investment risk on the retirement income stemming from Defined Contribution (DC) pension plans. It looks at how such regulations affect the spectrum of investment policies available and, through this channel, how they affect the retirement income that an individual...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Framework For The Development Of Financial Literacy Baseline Surveys

    There is growing concern, across a wide range of countries, about the levels of financial capability of consumers. A large number of initiatives are therefore being developed to address this issue; and countries are increasingly rolling out national strategies on financial capability. To do this effectively requires evidence on the...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Assessing Default Investment Strategies In Defined Contribution Pension Plans

    This paper assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase. In particular, it looks at whether the specific glide-path of life-cycle investment strategies and the introduction of dynamic features in the design of default investment strategies affect significantly retirement income outcomes. The analysis...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Impact Of The Financial Crisis On Defined Benefit Plans And The Need For Counter-Cyclical Funding Regulations

    Three essential goals of pension plan funding are the long-term viability, stability and security of member benefits. Reform of funding regulations for Defined Benefit (DB) pension schemes to make them more counter-cyclical in nature can help achieve these goals as well as make DB schemes more attractive to plan sponsors...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Fiscal Policy In Latin America: Better After All?

    This paper analyses fiscal policy for several economies in Latin America, from the early nineties to the 2009 crisis. The authors present original estimates of cyclically-adjusted public revenues for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay implementing the standardized OECD methodology and extending it to include commodity...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Wireless Broadband Indicator Methodology

    The wireless broadband methodology is the result of several rounds of contributions from, and in-depth discussions among, member countries. The new indicator will assist in informing policy makers and other stakeholders in this increasingly important market segment. The OECD began collecting and reporting broadband data in 2000 as a way...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2011

    International Mobile Data Roaming

    This paper examines the pricing of international mobile data roaming. It continues the work undertaken on the pricing of voice and SMS international mobile roaming services. The paper finds that data roaming prices are very high compared to domestic rates in the country of origin. Average prices per MB are...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Mobile Broadband: Pricing and Services

    Although, the number of OECD countries that publish data on the number of mobile broadband subscribers is not large, growth is significant in markets where data are available. This paper provides an overview of prices, speeds and data caps of mobile broadband services. 99 and 58 operators in OECD countries...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    International Mobile Roaming Charging in the OECD Area

    The aim of this paper is to provide information and analysis on market developments and pricing in International Mobile Roaming Service (IMRS). While the wireless industry has witnessed spectacular developments in recent years, and is considered competitive in domestic markets, there is a widespread perception among many stakeholders, including some...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    International Mobile Roaming Services: Analysis and Policy Recommendations

    The first report on international mobile roaming services ("International Mobile Roaming Charging in the OECD Area") provided information on market development and pricing of International Mobile Roaming Services (IMRS) in the OECD area. It found prices to be unreasonably high, considering the underlying costs, and identified some of the causes...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Smart Sensor Networks: Technologies and Applications for Green Growth

    Sensors and sensor networks have an important impact in meeting environmental challenges. Sensor applications in multiple fields such as smart power grids, smart buildings and smart industrial process control significantly contribute to more efficient use of resources and thus a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and other sources of pollution....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Vocational Training And The Informal Economy

    This paper reviews six aspects of vocational training, an important policy instrument for enhancing employment. These aspects were discussed in the POVNET task team on Employment and Labor Markets during 2007 and 2008. Boxes give excerpts from case studies discussed. Recommendations for donors appear at the end of the paper....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Globalization And Emerging Economies

    The number of people living in high growth economies or in countries with per capita incomes at OECD levels has increased fourfold over the last 30 years - from 1 billion to 4 billion, according to the Growth Commission. The rapid integration into world markets by six of the largest...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Recent Trends In Institutional Investors Statistics

    The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of institutional investors' assets based on the OECD "Institutional Investors' assets" (table 7IA) data collected from Central Banks and National Statistical Offices. This paper presents, in tables and graphs, general trends of institutional investors' assets across OECD countries over the...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Strengthening The Resilience Of An Economy: Enlarging The Menu Of Stabilization Policy As To Prevent Another Crisis

    The financial crisis has affected the real economy in stages yet nevertheless at an unexpected rate and with all regions being affected simultaneously. It advanced almost independently of the regions' exposure to the actual initial causes, among them the sub prime crisis, innovative financial products, dubious micro-economic incentives, inefficient regulation...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Sustainable Manufacturing And Eco‑Innovation: Towards A Green Economy

    In recent decades, expanding economic activity has been accompanied by growing concerns about climate change, energy security and scarcity of natural resources. While industries are showing greater interest in sustainable production and are undertaking a number of corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, progress falls far short of meeting these pressing...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Results-Based Accountability Producing Measurable Improvements For Customers And Communities

    It is not uncommon to find that countries and their regions, local councils and cities have timely reliable data about the quality of life of their citizens. But often this data is not used in ways that lead to the improvement in the quality of life of those geographic areas....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    How The Developing World May Participate In The Global Internet Economy: Innovation Driven By Competition

    Full participation in the global Internet Economy requires electronic connectivity of considerable complexity. Today, due to a worldwide wave of liberalization and technological and business innovations in the mobile space, much of the world is electronically connected, albeit not at the levels that would fully support participation in the global...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // May 2009

    The Role Of Communication Infrastructure Investment In Economic Recovery

    Broadband networks are increasingly recognized as fundamental for economic and social development. They serve as a communication and transaction platform for the entire economy and can improve productivity across all sectors. Advanced communication networks are a key component of innovative ecosystems and support economic growth. The recent economic downturn has...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Global Investment Activity Stagnates Into 2010

    The most recent monthly data on global merger and acquisition (M&A) activity through February 2010 and OECD FDI inflows and outflows through the third quarter of 2009 paint a picture of caution and persistent sluggishness. The average monthly M&A activity in the past 12 months was just under US$50 billion....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Internet Addressing: Measuring Deployment Of Ipv6

    One of the major challenges for the future of the Internet is its ability to scale to connect billions of people and devices. A key part of scalability is the Internet Protocol (IP). The Internet Protocol specifies how communications take place between one device and another through an addressing system....

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Policy Responses To The Economic Crisis: Investing In Innovation For Long-Term Growth

    The current crisis is the first of this severity to hit OECD countries, since they have shifted to knowledge-based service economies where investment in intangible assets is of equal importance as investment in machinery, equipment and buildings. Efforts to stimulate the economy need to both reflect the current drivers of...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    University Entrepreneurship Support: Policy Issues, Good Practices And Recommendations

    Entrepreneurs shift economic resources into areas that yield higher productivity and returns. This definition was offered by Jean-Baptiste Say at the beginning of the nineteenth century and, despite the debates that have evolved ever since, it is, in its quintessence, still valid today. Shifting economic resources requires information as well...

    Provided By OECD

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    General Guidance On A Policy Framework For Effective And Efficient Financial Regulation

    The structure and operation of the financial system have undergone marked changes in the past couple of decades, encouraged by dramatic improvements in technology, rapid product innovation, ongoing global financial system integration, competition in financial services, and policy, regulatory, and trade reforms. These developments have led to a dynamic, sophisticated,...

    Provided By OECD