Reed Elsevier

Displaying 1-40 of 892 results

  • White Papers // Apr 2015

    T-CREST: Time-Predictable Multi-Core Architecture for Embedded Systems

    Real-time systems need time-predictable platforms to allow static analysis of the Worst-Case Execution Time (WCET). Standard multi-core processors are optimized for the average case and are hardly analyzable. Within the T-CREST project the authors propose novel solutions for time-predictable multi-core architectures that are optimized for the WCET instead of the...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2015

    Dataflow Formalisation of Real-Time Streaming Applications on a Composable and Predictable Multi-Processor SOC

    Embedded systems often contain multiple applications, some of which have real-time requirements and whose performance must be guaranteed. To efficiently execute applications, modern embedded systems contain Globally Asynchronous Locally Synchronous (GALS) processors, network on chip, DRAM (Dynamic Random-Access Memory) and SRAM (Static Random-Access Memory) memories and system software, e.g. microkernel...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2015

    Characterization of the Windows Kernel Version Variability for Accurate Memory Analysis

    Memory analysis is an established technique for malware analysis and is increasingly used for incident response. However, in most incident response situations, the responder often has no control over the precise version of the operating system that must be responded to. It is therefore critical to ensure that memory analysis...

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  • White Papers // Feb 2015

    The Brain in Your Pocket: Evidence That Smartphones Are Used to Supplant Thinking

    Technological advances have long figured prominently in the history of psychological science. Smartphones seem to represent another technology that can fundamentally change psychology, though unlike neuroimaging or computational technology that afforded new ways of answering old questions; this advance interacts with, and might also change, the very thing which the...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2014

    The Effect of Data Pre-Processing on Optimized Training of Artificial Neural Networks

    Recently, the popularity of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is increasing since its capacity to model very complex problems in the area of machine learning, data mining and pattern recognition. Improving training efficacy of ANN based algorithm is a dynamic area of research and several papers have been reviewed in the...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2014

    Exploration on Building the Campus Information Center for Cloud Computing

    Recently, the popularity of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is increasing since its capacity to model very complex problems in the area of machine learning, data mining and pattern recognition. Improving training efficacy of ANN based algorithm is a dynamic area of research and several papers have been reviewed in the...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2014

    Multi Core SSL/TLS Security Processor Architecture Prototype Design with Automated Preferential Algorithm in FPGA

    In this paper, a pipelined architecture of a high speed Network Security Processor (NSP) for SSL/TLS protocol is implemented on a System-on-Chip (SoC) where hardware information of all encryption, hashing and key exchange algorithms are stored in flash memory in terms of bit files, in contrary to related works where...

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  • White Papers // Oct 2014

    Comparison of High Level FPGA Hardware Design for Solving Tri-Diagonal Linear Systems

    Reconfigurable computing devices can increase the performance of compute intensive algorithms by implementing application specific co-processor architectures. The power cost for this performance gain is often an order of magnitude less than that of modern CPUs and GPUs. Exploiting the potential of reconfigurable devices such as Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs)...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Using Quantum Key Distribution for Cryptographic Purposes: Asurvey

    "The appealing feature of Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), from a cryptographic viewpoint, is the ability to prove the Information-Theoretic Security (ITS) of the established keys. As a key establishment primitive, QKD however does not provide a standalone security service in its own: the secret keys established by QKD are in...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Rank B2C e-Commerce Websites in e-Alliance Based on AHP and Fuzzy TOPSIS

    E-alliance is the union of e-commerce and its success and efficiency is related to comprehensive quality of e-commerce. Thus, ranking e-commerce websites in e-alliance is of importance, which is a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) problem. This paper proposes an evaluation model based on Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), fuzzy sets and Technique...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    Quality Management of B2C e-Commerce Service Based on Human Factors Engineering

    In this paper, the authors investigate Business-To-Customer (B2C) electronic commerce services from a quality management perspective. They propose a novel quality management approach that is based on human factors engineering to manage e-commerce service quality and operate according to customer needs. First, they screen credible quality requirements and determine their...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2014

    The Effects of Personality Traits and Website Quality on Online Impulse Buying

    Depending on the improvements of information technology e-commerce and e-marketing have become very important concepts, making online shopping very popular. As a result of the proliferation of e-commerce and online shopping, "Online impulse buying" has become an emerging phenomenon. Taking the lack of studies on online impulse buying into consideration...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Measuring the Impact of JellyFish Attack on the Performance of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Using AODV Protocol

    "MANETs are susceptible to various attacks. Out of which Denial of Service (DoS) are most dangerous and very difficult to detect and defend. Jellyfish is a new DoS attack categorized as JF reorder attack, JF periodic dropping attack and JF Delay variance attack. In JF delay variance attack, a JF...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Design of High Speed Reconfigurable Coprocessor for Next Generation Scrambler and De-Scrambler System

    In this paper, the authors present the high speed Reconfigurable Co-processor for scrambler and de-scrambler system. In a communication system more number of data will be transmitted through a media that transmitted data will be more secure and authenticated. with the help of scrambler device a some unknown data to...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    A Framework for Evaluating Web Service Based on Threat Patterns

    "The authors present a new methodology for web service to address the security issues and proposed a new computation technique which optimizes complex problem into smaller sub problems that can be solved more efficiently. In this paper, they present a study on vulnerability scanners to detect security vulnerabilities in publicly...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Dynamic Clustering to Detect Malicious Nodes in Wireless Sensor Network

    "Wireless sensor networks are vulnerable to many types of attacks that disturb the normal behavior of the network. These attacks occur because of the presence of malicious nodes in the network that advertise false information among the nodes and disrupt normal operations of the network. This paper proposes a mechanism...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Approaches to Parallelization of NLP Tasks in a Search System

    "The large web expanding every moment poses at least three important challenges - scale (processing of enormous amounts of data), processing speed, and relevance (ability to extract relevant information). Research in information extraction and search systems strive to handle one or more of these challenges. A key element in all...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    A Comprehensive Analysis of Requirement Engineering Approaches in a Data Warehouse Environment

    "Data warehouses contain vast amount of data generated from different sources. In order to maintain data in the data warehouse according to the organization some designing approaches are important. In data warehouse systems, Requirement Engineering (RE) is a crucial part of the software development process. Requirement engineering is a sub...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Adopting Dendritic Cell Algorithm to Conform a Hybrid Intrusion Detection System

    Artificial Immune System (AIS) is applied to hybrid Intrusion Detection System (IDS). A hybrid IDS is inspired by the concept of danger theory of human immune system is proposed in this paper and works for both host as well as network. The idea behind this hybrid IDS is based on...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2014

    Template-Based Human Detection and Feature-Based Tracking

    "Automatic video surveillance is seeing widespread use in the remote monitoring of people. When the authors are dealing with automatic video surveillance, classification of detected objects and tracking them are the most crucial processes. This paper proposes a human tracking system for static background, which first classifies all incoming objects...

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  • White Papers // Jan 2014

    Video Surveillance System for Security Applications

    "Computer Vision (CV), or image understanding, seeks to replace human interpretation with computer-based interpretation. Computer Vision deals with the automatic analysis, reconstruction, and recognition of objects in a scene from one or more images. Basically a video surveillance system deals with detection of unusual motion. The efficiency of video surveillance...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Evolvable Hardware: A Synthesis and Analysis Using Different Evolutionary Strategies

    In this paper, Cartesian genetic algorithm with evolutionary strategies are used to synthesize digital circuits like full adder and 2 bit multiplier, constructed with only universal gates. The fitness function and different crossover techniques are also such used that minimum gates are utilized. The Genetic Algorithms (GA) with evolutionary strategies...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Cryptanalysis of a Chaotic Neural Network Based Chaotic Cipher

    "The rapid development of multimedia and network technology has promoted the use of digital images and videos being transmitted over internet and wireless network more and more frequently. So the security of digital images and videos is needed in many applications. Recently a triple key encryption method based on logistic...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Security Solution to Protect SCADA Systems from Cyber Attacks

    "Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, control and monitor utility infrastructure, such as electricity, gas, water etc, which happen to be part of critical infrastructure. Existing SCADA systems were originally designed for reliability. Initial SCADA systems used proprietary protocols like Modbus, DNP3 to access sensed data and initiate supervisory...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    End-to-End QoS Mapping Between UMTS and WiMAX in Loose Coupling Heterogeneous Wireless Network

    "One of the main objectives of Heterogeneous Wireless Access Networks (HWANs) is to integrate the different wireless access technologies, such as UMTS, WiMAX and WLAN, with a common IP-based network in order to offer mobile users continuous and unified service in a transparent way. However, one of the major issues...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Object Oriented Approach to Anatomy of Intrusion Detection System

    "Now-a-days intrusions become more increased in individual systems, so activities in a system must be observed by scanning and it must be saved for future use. If any discrepancy is found from observed behavior then a report must be generated to help red teams. The central idea of the authors'...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Congestion Control for Computer Networks Using Weighted Random Early Detection (WRED)

    "Computer network is a set of computers and hardware components linked together to communicate with each other. Congestion in networks occurs when at any node there is more data traffic than the outgoing link capacity. Effects of congestion are packet delay, packet drop, reduced system throughput and degraded quality of...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Augmenting Naïve Bayes Classifier With Domain Knowledge in Detecting Malware

    "Malicious software attacks on the Internet are on the rise in both frequency and sophistication. The use of Naïve Bayes technique has been shown to be capable to detect malware. This paper proposes the usage of domain knowledge in the algorithm to improve detection accuracy. The domain knowledge consists of...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Enhanced Security Framework for Cloud Computing

    "Cloud computing provides large scale pool of resources, wide access, dynamicity, cost effective solution for storage. Public, private and hybrid deployment models exist for cloud computing along with various service models like integration as service, database as service, and security as service. Though cloud computing is being adopted as the...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Impact of MAC Protocol Over the Performance of Routing Protocol in MANET

    "MANET is an unstructured network formed dynamically between a set of mobile nodes. Routing is a challenge for this network due to its dynamic topology as well as resource constraints. Many routing and MAC layer protocols have been proposed in the network history and most of the researches are under...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Mobile Ad Hoc Network Research Areas : A Step Ahead

    "A Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) is a collection of mobile nodes that dynamically self organize in a wireless network without using any preexisting infrastructure. In a MANET, the applications are typically ""Peer-to-peer"" rather than ""Client-server"". In a mobile ad hoc network, nodes move arbitrarily; therefore the network may experience rapid...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    TCP-P: A New Approach in Wireless Environment to Solve Issues Currently TCP Facing

    "TCP is a reliable end-to-end protocol for transporting applications. TCP was originally designed for wired links where the bit error rate is really low and the authors assume that packet losses are due to congestion in the network. But TCP performance in wireless networks suffers from some significant issues like...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Secure Authentication Key Agreement Protocol for Long Term Evolution - Advanced

    "The Authentication and Key Agreement (AKA) protocol for Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) which is proposed to solve the vulnerabilities found in previous communication systems such as 2G and 3G systems. They still contain the vulnerabilities like redirection and man-in-the-middle attack. They gave way to the eavesdroppers to utilize and misuse...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Stability History Based Route Selection Using K-Means Clustering in Mobile Adhoc Networks

    "In Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs) there is no fixed communication infrastructure, so it allows more flexible model of communication than traditional networks. For any active connection in such a networks, the end hosts as well as the intermediate nodes, which relay the information, can be mobile. Because of this dynamic...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Optimized

    "A Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes in which different routing protocols are used to form the communication network. So, far there are numerous routing protocols are discovered in which AODV performs superior than all. Ad-hoc network suffer from the bunch of issues in which...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    Reduction Fuzzy Data Set Based on Rough Accuracy Measure

    "Attribute reduction is very important in rough set because it used to simplify the induced decision rules without reducing the classification accuracy. In rough set theory, a reduct is generally defined as a minimal subset of attributes that can classify the same domain of objects as unambiguously as the original...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    A Comprehensive Study of Requirements for Network Applications and Routing Protocols Providing Resources in Vehicular AD HOC Networks

    "Vehicular ad hoc networks are special form of mobile ad hoc networks which have more dynamic topology than MANETs but the nodes move in a preordered fashion. Due to the high mobility and complex dynamics in real vehicular traffic flow, reliable streaming of data over vehicular ad hoc networks is...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    Prediction of Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) Using Artificial Neural Networks

    "In this paper, the probable range of the horizontal component of Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) is predicted as a function of focal depth, earthquake magnitude and epicentral distance, using Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Three different ANN architectures (namely feed forward, back propagation and radial bias networks) are used to develop...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    A Novel 3-D FPGA Architecture Targeting Communication Intensive Applications

    The interconnection structures in FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) devices increasingly contribute more to the delay, power consumption and area overhead. The demand for even higher clock frequencies makes this problem even more important. Three-Dimensional (3-D) chip stacking is touted as the silver bullet technology that can keep Moores momentum...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2013

    An Efficient Implementation of a Reversible Single Precision Floating Point Multiplier Using 4:3 Compressor

    In this paper, the authors propose an efficient design of a reversible single precision floating point multiplier based on compressor. The single precision floating point multiplier requires the design of an efficient 24x24 bit integer multiplier. In the proposed architecture, the 24x24 bit multiplication operation is fragmented to nine parallel...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Empirical Tests of Anonymous Voice Over IP

    Voice over IP (VoIP) is an important service on the Internet, and privacy for VoIP calls will be increasingly important for many people. Providing this privacy, however, is challenging, as anonymity services can be slow and unpredictable. This paper proposes a method for extending onion-routing style anonymity protocols for supporting...

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  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Dynamic Recursive Unified Internet Design (DRUID)

    The Dynamic Recursive Unified Internet Design (DRUID) is a future Internet design that unifies overlay networks with conventional layered network architectures. DRUID is based on the fundamental concept of recursion, enabling a simple and direct network architecture that unifies the data, control, management, and security aspects of the current Internet,...

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  • White Papers // May 2010

    Understanding the Scalability of Bayesian Network Inference Using Clique Tree Growth Curves

    One of the main approaches to performing computation in Bayesian Networks (BNs) is clique tree clustering and propagation. The clique tree approach consists of propagation in a clique tree compiled from a BN, and while it was introduced in the 1980s, there is still a lack of understanding of how...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Price of Security in Wireless Sensor Networks

    With the increased application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) to military, commercial, and home environments, securing the data in the network has become a critical issue. Several security mechanisms, such as TinySec, have been introduced to address the need for security in WSNs. The cost of security, however, still mostly...

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  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    An Efficient and Lightweight Method for Service Level Agreement Assessment

    Traditional approaches to on-line end-to-end Service Level Agreement (SLA) assessment have focused on the estimation of network QoS parameters. These approaches, however, face a trade-off between accuracy and the amount of resources needed to achieve such accuracy. This paper offers an alternative approach, where instead of estimating QoS parameters, the...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    VFire: Immersive Wildfire Simulation and Visualization

    Every year, wildfires destroy millions of acres of land and cost millions if not billions of dollars to control. From 2000 to 2002, over 18 million acres were burned, over 2000 structures were destroyed, and over 3.4 billion dollars were expended just for suppression efforts. Beyond the immediate damage caused...

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  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Supporting Real-Time Traffic in Multihop Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Networks

    In this paper, a new Controlled Vehicular Internet Access protocol with QoS support (CVIAQoS) is introduced. CVIA-QoS employs fixed gateways along the road which perform periodic admission control and scheduling decisions for the packet traffic in their service area. The CVIA-QoS protocol is based on Controlled Vehicular Internet Access (CVIA)...

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  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Ferret: An RFID-Enabled Pervasive Multimedia Application

    This paper presents the design and implementation of Ferret, a system for locating nomadic augmented with RFID tags and visually displaying them to a user in real-time. The authors present a novel algorithm to infer location of tagged objects using the location of a camera and reader that observes them....

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  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks: Challenges and Solutions

    Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs) are composed of cognitive, spectrum-agile devices capable of changing their configurations on the fly based on the spectral environment. This capability opens up the possibility of designing flexible and dynamic spectrum access strategies with the purpose of opportunistically reusing portions of the spectrum temporarily vacated by...

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  • White Papers // May 2010

    Accelerating Electrostatic Surface Potential Calculation With Multi-Scale Approximation on Graphics Processing Units

    Tools that compute and visualize biomolecular electrostatic surface potential have been used extensively for studying biomolecular function. However, determining the surface potential for large biomolecules on a typical desktop computer can take days or longer using currently available tools and methods. Two commonly used techniques to speed-up these types of...

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  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    An Automatic HTTP Cookie Management System

    HTTP Cookies, also known as Web cookies or just cookies, are small parcels of text sent by a server to a web browser and then sent back unchanged by the browser if it accesses that server again. Cookies are originally designed to carry information between servers and browsers so that...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Encouraging Information Security Behaviors in Organizations: Role of Penalties, Pressures and Perceived Effectiveness

    Secure management of information systems is crucially important in information intensive organizations. Although most organizations have long been using security technologies, it is well known that technology tools alone are not sufficient. Thus, the area of end-user security behaviors in organizations has gained an increased attention. In information security observing...

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  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Sandpiper: Black-Box and Gray-Box Resource Management for Virtual Machines

    Virtualization can provide significant benefits in data centers by enabling dynamic virtual machine resizing and migration to eliminate hotspots. The authors present Sandpiper, a system that automates the task of monitoring and detecting hotspots, determining a new mapping of physical to virtual resources, resizing virtual machines to their new allocations,...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Security Analysis of a Remote User Authentication Protocol by Liao and Wang

    In Elsevier's journal of Computer Standards & Interfaces, 2007, Liao and Wang proposed an authentication protocol using smart card and claimed that their protocol provides security against replay attacks, active attacks and insider attacks. In addition, they argued that user anonymity is guaranteed. In this paper, the authors point out...

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  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    An Improved Timestamp-Based Password Remote User Authentication Scheme

    In 2003, Shen et al proposed a timestamp-based password authentication scheme in which remote server does not need to store the passwords or verification table for users authentication. Unfortunately Wang and Li, E.J.Yoon, Lieu et al., analyzed independently the Shen Lin Scheme and were found to be vulnerable to some...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Virtualization Architecture Using the ID/Locator Split Concept for Future Wireless Networks (FWNs)

    Future Wireless Networks (FWNs) will be a convergence of many fixed and mobile networking technologies including cellular, wireless LANs, and traditional wired networks. This united ubiquitous network will consist of billions of networkable devices with different networking interfaces. A common networking protocol is required to communicate among these devices and...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Data & Knowledge Engineering: Privacy-Preserving Publishing Microdata With Full Functional Dependencies

    Recent years have witnessed vast volumes of data to be collected on a large scale. Driven by mutual benefits, or by regulations that require certain data to be published, there is a demand for publishing collected data to the public. Although it offers significant advantages for ad-hoc analysis in a...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Computational Statistics and Data Analysis

    The authors describe a fast, data-driven bandwidth selection procedure for Kernel Conditional Density Estimation (KCDE). Specifically, they give a Monte Carlo dual-tree algorithm for efficient, error-controlled approximation of a cross-validated likelihood objective. While exact evaluation of this objective has an unscalable O.n2/ computational cost, the method is practical and shows...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Comparative Evaluation of Received Signal-Strength Index (RSSI) Based Indoor Localization Techniques for Construction Jobsites

    This paper evaluates the accuracy of several RSSI-based localization techniques on a live jobsite and compares them to results obtained in an operating building. RSSI-based localization algorithms were tested due to their relative low cost and potential for accuracy. Four different localization algorithms (MinMax, Maximum Likelihood, Ring Overlapping Circle RSSI...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Trust in Collaborative Web Applications

    Collaborative functionality is increasingly prevalent in web applications. Such functionality permits individuals to add - and sometimes modify - web content, often with minimal barriers-to-entry. Ideally, large bodies of knowledge can be amassed and shared in this manner. However, such software also provides a medium for nefarious persons to operate....

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Advanced Hashing Schemes for Packet Forwarding Using Set Associative Memory Architectures

    Building a high performance IP Packet Forwarding (PF) engine remains a challenge due to increasingly stringent throughput requirements and the growing size of IP forwarding tables. The router has to match the incoming packet's IP address against all entries in the forwarding table. The matching process has to be done...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    HiFIND: A High-Speed Flow-Level Intrusion Detection Approach With DoS Resiliency

    Global-scale attacks like worms and botnets are increasing in frequency, severity and sophistication, making it critical to detect outbursts at routers/gateways instead of end hosts. In this paper, leveraging data streaming techniques such as the reversible sketch, the authors design HiFIND, a High-speed Flow-level Intrusion Detection system. In contrast to...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Iterative Execution-Feedback Model-Directed GUI Testing

    Current fully automatic model-based test-case generation techniques for GUIs employ a static model. Therefore they are unable to leverage certain state-based relationships between GUI events (e.g., one enables the other, one alters the other's execution) that are revealed at run-time and non-trivial to infer statically. The authors present ALT -...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    QoS Support Between Ad Hoc Networks and Fixed IP Networks

    This paper propose a new protocol, named DS-SWAN (Differentiated Services-Stateless Wireless Ad Hoc Networks), to support end-to-end Quality of Service (QoS) in ad hoc networks connected to a fixed DiffServ domain. When congestion is excessive for the correct functioning of real-time applications, DS-SWAN determines the source of the problem, warns...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Risk-Informed Decision Support for Assessing the Costs and Benefits of Counter-Terrorism Protective Measures for Infrastructure

    The paper describes risk informed decision support for assessing the costs and benefits of Counter?Terrorism (CT) protective measures for infrastructure. Such a decision support framework needs to consider threat scenarios and probabilities, value of human life, physical (Direct) damage, indirect damage, risk reduction and protective measure costs. Probabilistic terrorism risk...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Evolutionary Approach to the Development of Decision Support Systems in the Movie Industry

    This paper reports the development and implementation of a decision support system in a non-traditional domain - the motion picture industry. The approach reported here is evolutionary, and the model was designed to assist exhibition executives in movie scheduling. After an earlier successful collaboration in scheduling a single theater with...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Space Efficient Secret Sharing for Implicit Data Security

    The idea of implicit data security was introduced in, where the authors proposed that personal data being stored on the Web be divided into implicitly secure pieces (Or Partitions) and be distributed over numerous servers for storage. Data pieces are said to be implicitly secure if no explicit encryption key...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    iStore: Efficient RDF Data Management Using Structure Indexes for General Graph Structured Data

    The amount of structured data on the Web is ever growing, RDF data in particular. Efficient query processing that can scale to large amounts of possibly schema-less data has become an important research topic. Along this line, the paper elaborates on a novel schema-agnostic approach, which leverages the structure underlying...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Android Anti-Forensics Through a Local Paradigm

    Mobile devices are among the most disruptive technologies of the last years, gaining even more diffusion and success in the daily life of a wide range of people categories. Unfortunately, while the number of mobile devices implicated in crime activities is relevant and growing, the capability to perform the forensic...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Swarm Intelligence Based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks: Survey and Future Directions

    Swarm intelligence is a relatively novel field. It addresses the study of the collective behaviors of systems made by many components that coordinate using decentralized controls and self-organization. A large part of the research in swarm intelligence has focused on the reverse engineering and the adaptation of collective behaviors observed...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Evolution to 4G Cellular Systems: LTE-Advanced

    This paper provides an in-depth view on the technologies being considered for Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-Advanced). First, the evolution from Third Generation (3G) to Fourth Generation (4G) is described in terms of performance requirements and main characteristics. The new network architecture developed by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), which...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Effects of MDMA, Methamphetamine and Methylphenidate on Repeated Acquisition and Performance in Rats

    Repeated-acquisition procedures that include performance controls for effects not specific to acquisition permit the assessment of drug effects on learning on a within-subject, within-session basis. Despite the advantages of this methodology, few studies have examined effects of psychomotor stimulants on repeated acquisition in rodents. The purpose of the present paper...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    R-Code: Network Coding-Based Reliable Broadcast in Wireless Mesh Networks

    Broadcast is an important communication primitive in Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs). Applications like network-wide software updates require reliable broadcast to ensure that every node in the network receives the information completely and correctly. With underlying unreliable wireless links, a key challenge in implementing reliable broadcast in WMNs is to achieve...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    SPAN: A Software Power Analyzer for Multicore Computer Systems

    Understanding the power dissipation behavior of an application/workload is the key to writing power-efficient software and designing energy-efficient computer systems. Power modeling based on Performance Monitoring Counters (PMCs) is an effective approach to analyze and quantify power dissipation behaviors on a real computer system. One of the potential benefits is...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Seeing Is Believing: Trustworthiness as a Dynamic Belief

    Recent efforts to understand the mechanisms underlying human cooperation have focused on the notion of trust, with research illustrating that both initial impressions and previous interactions impact the amount of trust people place in a partner. Less is known, however, about how these two types of information interact in iterated...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    A Novel Analysis Space for Pointer Analysis and Its Application for Bug Finding

    The size of today's programs continues to grow, as does the number of bugs they contain. Testing alone is rarely able to flush out all bugs, and many lurk in difficult-to-test corner cases. An important alternative is static analysis, in which correctness properties of a program are checked without running...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    ABS: Adaptive Buffer Sizing for Heterogeneous Networks

    Most existing criteria for sizing router buffers rely on explicit formulation of the relationship between buffer size and characteristics of Internet traffic. However, this is a non-trivial, if not impossible, task given that the number of flows, their individual RTTs, and congestion control methods, as well as flow responsiveness, are...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Queuing Dynamics and Single-Link Stability of Delay-Based Window Congestion Control

    Accurate modeling of queuing dynamics is important in the design and analysis of Internet congestion control. However, as demonstrated in this paper, existing window-based queuing models are often not capable of precisely capturing the transient behavior (i.e., self-clocking and burstiness) of TCP-like protocols and their resulting analysis may be inaccurate...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    An Architecture-Driven Software Mobility Framework

    Software architecture has been shown to provide an appropriate level of granularity for assessing a software system's quality attributes (e.g., performance and dependability). Similarly, previous research has adopted an architecture-centric approach to reasoning about and managing the run-time adaptation of software systems. For mobile and pervasive software systems, which are...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    A Parallel Evolutionary Algorithm to Optimize Dynamic Memory Managers in Embedded Systems

    For the last 30 years, several Dynamic Memory Managers (DMMs) have been proposed. Such DMMs include first fit, best fit, segregated fit and buddy systems. Since the performance, memory usage and energy consumption of each DMM differs, software engineers often face difficult choices in selecting the most suitable approach for...

    Provided By Reed Elsevier