Resources for the Future

Displaying 1-14 of 14 results

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Health Impacts Of Power-Exporting Plants In Northern Mexico

    In the past two decades, rapid population and economic growth on the U.S. - Mexico border has spurred a dramatic increase in electricity demand. In response, American energy multinationals have built power plants just south of the border that sell most of their electricity to the United States. This development...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Porter Hypothesis At 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation And Competitiveness?

    Twenty years ago, Harvard Business School economist and strategy professor Michael Porter stood conventional wisdom about the impact of environmental regulation on business on its head by declaring that well-designed regulation could actually enhance competitiveness. The traditional view of environmental regulation held by virtually all economists until that time was...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Banking On Allowances: The EPA~s Mixed Record In Managing Emissions-Market Transitions

    The history of emissions-trading markets in the United States is marked by change. Since cap-and-trade programs were first implemented on a large scale after the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has repeatedly revised and replaced emissions trading markets for nitrous oxides and...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Abundant Shale Gas Resources: Long-Term Implications For U.S. Natural Gas Markets

    According to recent assessments, the United States has considerably more recoverable natural gas in shale formations than was previously thought. Such a development raises expectations that U.S. energy consumption will shift toward natural gas. To examine how the apparent abundance of natural gas and projected growth of its use might...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Food Safety And Risk Governance In Globalized Markets

    Today a new generation of food safety policy is emerging in OECD countries and international public health forums. The United States has actively contributed to the thinking and scientific research underlying this new generation of policy. A consensus has emerged among nations about the basic components of an effective food...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Food Safety Policy And Economics

    This paper provides an overview of developments in food safety policy in major industrial countries and of economic analysis of this policy. It describes the elements of a risk-based, farm-to-fork food safety system as it is emerging in OECD countries guided by discussions through Codex Alimentations and traces its roots...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    What Drives Voluntary Eco-certification In Mexico?

    Advocates claim that voluntary programs can help shore up poorly performing command-and-control environmental regulation in developing countries. Although literature on this issue is quite thin, research on voluntary environmental programs in industrialized countries suggests that they are often ineffective because they mainly attract relatively clean plants free-riding on prior pollution...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Investments In Land Conservation In The Ethiopian Highlands: A Household Plot-Level Analysis Of The Roles Of Poverty, Tenure Security, And Market Incentives

    Land degradation is a major problem undermining land productivity in the highlands of Ethiopia. This paper explores the factors that affect farm households' decisions at the plot level to invest in land conservation and how much to invest, focusing on the roles of poverty, land tenure security, and market access....

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Assessing Investment In Future Landsat Instruments: The Example Of Forest Carbon Offsets

    The authors extend the theory of quality-adjusted expenditure indices to estimate benefits from public investment. In particular, they model the selection of new instruments (in the form of remote-sensing devices) to enhance the longest-operating U.S. satellite-based land-observing program, Landsat. They then apply the model to the use of Landsat in...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Conservation Policies And Labor Markets: Unraveling The Effects Of National Parks On Local Wages In Costa Rica

    Despite the global environmental benefits of increasing the amount of protected areas, how these conservation policies affect the well-being of nearby individuals is still under debate. Using household surveys with highly disaggregated geographic references, the authors explored how national parks affect local wages in Costa Rica and how these effects...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    International Fuel Tax Assessment: An Application To Chile

    Most developed and developing country governments levy taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel used by motor vehicles. However, outside of the United States and Europe, automobile and heavy truck externalities have not been quantified, so policymakers have little guidance on whether prevailing tax rates are anywhere close to their corrective...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Emissions Targets And The Real Business Cycle: Intensity Targets Versus Caps Or Taxes

    For reducing greenhouse gas emissions, intensity targets are attracting interest as a flexible mechanism that would better allow for economic growth than emissions caps. For the same expected emissions, however, the economic responses to unexpected productivity shocks differ. Using a real business cycle model, the authors find that a cap...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Is ISO 14001 A Gateway To More Advanced Voluntary Action? A Case For Green Supply Chain Management

    Using Japanese facility-level data, the authors estimate the effects of ISO 14001 certification on the promotion of more advanced practices, namely Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). The results show that ISO 14001 promotes GSCM practices, in that facilities with Environmental Management Systems (EMS) certified to ISO 14001 are 40 percent...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Improving Flood Insurance And Flood Risk Management

    This paper examines the history of St. Louis, Missouri in coping with flood risk over the past 15 years, with a focus on flood insurance. Six challenges to the continued management of riverine flood risk are identified and discussed. They are many property owners don't buy flood insurance, people underestimate...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Is ISO 14001 A Gateway To More Advanced Voluntary Action? A Case For Green Supply Chain Management

    Using Japanese facility-level data, the authors estimate the effects of ISO 14001 certification on the promotion of more advanced practices, namely Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). The results show that ISO 14001 promotes GSCM practices, in that facilities with Environmental Management Systems (EMS) certified to ISO 14001 are 40 percent...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Improving Flood Insurance And Flood Risk Management

    This paper examines the history of St. Louis, Missouri in coping with flood risk over the past 15 years, with a focus on flood insurance. Six challenges to the continued management of riverine flood risk are identified and discussed. They are many property owners don't buy flood insurance, people underestimate...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Emissions Targets And The Real Business Cycle: Intensity Targets Versus Caps Or Taxes

    For reducing greenhouse gas emissions, intensity targets are attracting interest as a flexible mechanism that would better allow for economic growth than emissions caps. For the same expected emissions, however, the economic responses to unexpected productivity shocks differ. Using a real business cycle model, the authors find that a cap...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Food Safety And Risk Governance In Globalized Markets

    Today a new generation of food safety policy is emerging in OECD countries and international public health forums. The United States has actively contributed to the thinking and scientific research underlying this new generation of policy. A consensus has emerged among nations about the basic components of an effective food...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Conservation Policies And Labor Markets: Unraveling The Effects Of National Parks On Local Wages In Costa Rica

    Despite the global environmental benefits of increasing the amount of protected areas, how these conservation policies affect the well-being of nearby individuals is still under debate. Using household surveys with highly disaggregated geographic references, the authors explored how national parks affect local wages in Costa Rica and how these effects...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    International Fuel Tax Assessment: An Application To Chile

    Most developed and developing country governments levy taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel used by motor vehicles. However, outside of the United States and Europe, automobile and heavy truck externalities have not been quantified, so policymakers have little guidance on whether prevailing tax rates are anywhere close to their corrective...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Investments In Land Conservation In The Ethiopian Highlands: A Household Plot-Level Analysis Of The Roles Of Poverty, Tenure Security, And Market Incentives

    Land degradation is a major problem undermining land productivity in the highlands of Ethiopia. This paper explores the factors that affect farm households' decisions at the plot level to invest in land conservation and how much to invest, focusing on the roles of poverty, land tenure security, and market access....

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Assessing Investment In Future Landsat Instruments: The Example Of Forest Carbon Offsets

    The authors extend the theory of quality-adjusted expenditure indices to estimate benefits from public investment. In particular, they model the selection of new instruments (in the form of remote-sensing devices) to enhance the longest-operating U.S. satellite-based land-observing program, Landsat. They then apply the model to the use of Landsat in...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Abundant Shale Gas Resources: Long-Term Implications For U.S. Natural Gas Markets

    According to recent assessments, the United States has considerably more recoverable natural gas in shale formations than was previously thought. Such a development raises expectations that U.S. energy consumption will shift toward natural gas. To examine how the apparent abundance of natural gas and projected growth of its use might...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Banking On Allowances: The EPA~s Mixed Record In Managing Emissions-Market Transitions

    The history of emissions-trading markets in the United States is marked by change. Since cap-and-trade programs were first implemented on a large scale after the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has repeatedly revised and replaced emissions trading markets for nitrous oxides and...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Health Impacts Of Power-Exporting Plants In Northern Mexico

    In the past two decades, rapid population and economic growth on the U.S. - Mexico border has spurred a dramatic increase in electricity demand. In response, American energy multinationals have built power plants just south of the border that sell most of their electricity to the United States. This development...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Porter Hypothesis At 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation And Competitiveness?

    Twenty years ago, Harvard Business School economist and strategy professor Michael Porter stood conventional wisdom about the impact of environmental regulation on business on its head by declaring that well-designed regulation could actually enhance competitiveness. The traditional view of environmental regulation held by virtually all economists until that time was...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    What Drives Voluntary Eco-certification In Mexico?

    Advocates claim that voluntary programs can help shore up poorly performing command-and-control environmental regulation in developing countries. Although literature on this issue is quite thin, research on voluntary environmental programs in industrialized countries suggests that they are often ineffective because they mainly attract relatively clean plants free-riding on prior pollution...

    Provided By Resources for the Future

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Food Safety Policy And Economics

    This paper provides an overview of developments in food safety policy in major industrial countries and of economic analysis of this policy. It describes the elements of a risk-based, farm-to-fork food safety system as it is emerging in OECD countries guided by discussions through Codex Alimentations and traces its roots...

    Provided By Resources for the Future