SAP Research

Displaying 1-22 of 22 results

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    The Lively PartsBin - A Cloud-Based Repository for Collaborative Development of Active Web Content

    The Lively Kernel is a browser-based environment for authoring active Web content. Being a self-supporting system, it is simple and compact, yet it supports rapid authoring with little need for programming expertise. Most importantly, the entire context of creation is now embedded in the cloud, a shared space in which...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // May 2011

    The State of the Cross-Domain Nation

    By deploying a configuration that allows the creation of client-side, cross-domain HTTP requests, a Web application weakens the same-origin policy. This enables sophisticated browser-based interaction which is not possible in the standard model, but also may lead to insecurities. In this paper, the authors briefly cover the technical background of...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    L1 - An Intermediate Language for Mixed-Protocol Secure Computation

    Secure Computation (SC) enables secure distributed computation of arbitrary functions of private inputs. It has many useful applications, e.g. benchmarking or auctions. Several general protocols for SC have been proposed and recently been implemented in a number of compilers and frameworks. These compilers or frameworks implement one general SC protocol...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Practical Secure and Efficient Multiparty Linear Programming Based on Problem Transformation

    Cryptographic solutions to privacy-preserving multiparty linear programming are slow. This makes them unsuitable for many economically important applications, such as supply chain optimization, whose size exceeds their practically feasible input range. In this paper the authors present a privacy-preserving transformation that allows secure outsourcing of the linear program computation in...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Plug-in Privacy for Smart Metering Billing

    Traditional electricity meters are replaced by Smart Meters in customers' households. Smart Meters collects fine-grained utility consumption pro les from customers, which in turn enables the introduction of dynamic, time-of-use tariffs. However, the ne-grained usage data that is compiled in this process also allows to infer the inhabitant's personal schedules...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Towards Performance Prediction for Cloud Computing Environments Based on Goal-Oriented Measurements

    Scalability and performance are critical quality attributes of applications developed for the cloud. Many of these applications have to support hundreds or thousands of concurrent users with strongly fluctuating workloads. Existing approaches for software performance evaluation do not address the new challenges that arise for applications executed in cloud computing...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Transactional Intent

    Data state in a data management system such as a database is the result of the transactions performed on that data management system. Approaches such as single-message transactions and field calls come closer than before/after values to expressing the intent of a transaction, the semantic transformation that should be performed...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Reference Architecture for Multi-Level SLA Management

    There is a global trend towards service-orientation, both for organizing business interactions but also in modern IT architectures. At the business-level, service industries are becoming the dominating sector in which solutions are flexibly composed out of networked services. At the IT level, the paradigms of Service-Oriented Architecture and Cloud Computing...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    5 From the Internet of Things to the Web of Things: Resource Oriented Architecture and Best Practices

    Creating networks of "Smart things" found in the physical world (e.g., with RFID, wireless sensor and actuator networks, embedded devices) on a large scale has become the goal of a variety of recent research activities. Rather than exposing real-world data and functionality through vertical system designs, the authors propose to...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    A Resource Oriented Architecture for the Web of Things

    Many efforts are centered around creating large-scale networks of "Smart things" found in the physical world (e.g., wireless sensor and actuator networks, embedded devices, tagged objects). Rather than exposing real-world data and functionality through proprietary and tightly-coupled systems, the authors propose to make them an integral part of the Web....

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Real-World Service Interaction With Enterprise Systems in Dynamic Manufacturing Environments

    The factory of the future will be heavily based on internet and web technologies. A new generation of devices with embedded hardware and software will feature greatly improved storage, computing, and networking capabilities. This will lead to a system landscape of millions of networked devices that is heterogeneous with respect...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Using Cloud Standards for Interoperability of Cloud Frameworks

    Today's need for Open Frameworks, especially in the Cloud community, demands for standards. These standards are needed to ensure portability, interoperability and integration of Cloud sites. This technical paper describes how an emerging Cloud standard, the Open Cloud Computing Interface, can be used integrate two major Cloud Frameworks (SLA@SOI and...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Architecting a Mashable Open World Wide Web of Things

    Many efforts are currently going towards networking smart things from the physical world (e.g. RFID, wireless sensor and actuator networks, embedded devices) on a larger scale. Rather than exposing real-world data and functionality through proprietary and tightly-coupled systems the authors propose to make them an integral part of the Web....

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Sharing Using Social Networks in a Composable Web of Things

    In the emerging "Web of Things", digitally augmented everyday objects are seamlessly integrated to the Web by reusing Web patterns such as REST. This results in an ecosystem of real-world devices that can be reused and recombined to create new ad-hoc applications. This, however, implies that devices are available to...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Design of a Web-Based Distributed Location-Aware Infrastructure for Mobile Devices

    Since GPS receivers have become a commodity anyone could access and use location information simply and freely. Such an easy access to ones' location is instrumental to development of location-aware applications. However, existing applications are static in that they do not model relations between places and mobile things. Moreover, these...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Reliable Execution of Business Processes on Dynamic Networks of Service-Enabled Devices

    It is expected that future shop-floors will be populated by thousands of networked embedded devices. Those will not only communicate using IP (as in TCP/IP), but also feature some autonomy, allowing them to collaborate among themselves and with enterprise systems. As they can offer both their mechatronic and higher-level functions...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Cloudbased Enterprise Mashup Integration Services for B2B Scenarios

    The authors observe a huge demand for situational and ad-hoc applications desired by the mass of business end-users that cannot be fully implemented by IT departments. This is especially the case with regard to solutions that support infrequent, situational, and ad-hoc B2B scenarios. End users are not able to implement...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Design and Implementation of a Gateway for Web-Based Interaction and Management of Embedded Devices

    Wireless Sensor Networks provide unprecedented possibilities for monitoring and interacting with the real-world. Unfortunately, the lack of open and simple standards for ad-hoc collaboration between heterogeneous embedded devices makes it difficult to build large-scale deployments; every particular application requires complex integration work, and therefore technical expertise, effort and time. Inspired...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Towards the Real-Time Enterprise: Service-Based Integration of Heterogeneous SOA-Ready Industrial Devices With Enterprise Applications

    It is expected that millions of embedded devices and machines empowered with Internet technologies will be able to communicate, collaborate and offer their functionality as a service. At the shop floor, this creates new opportunities for more dynamic environments where timely usage of the monitoring information is coupled with control...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    An Evaluation of Product Identification Techniques for Mobile Phones

    Among others, consumer products can be purchased in the Internet and in traditional stores. Each of the two has dedicated advantages. An online survey conducted within the frames of this work investigates these advantages. It motivates the transition of the advantages of online shopping, such as access to recommendations of...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Are you Energy-Efficient: Sense it on the Web!

    Reducing their energy consumption has become an important concern for many people lately. A necessary step to save energy is to raise consumption awareness, that is: to realize how much electricity is consumed by household appliances. The authors propose a system that uses and extends intelligent power outlets called Plogg,...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Towards an Open Infrastructure for Fast Prototyping Applications on the Web of Things

    Wireless Sensor Networks provide unprecedented possibilities for monitoring and interacting with the real-world. Unfortunately, the lack of open and simple standards for ad-hoc collaboration between heterogeneous embedded devices makes it difficult to build large-scale deployments. For every particular application requires complex integration work, and therefore technical expertise, effort and time....

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Plug-in Privacy for Smart Metering Billing

    Traditional electricity meters are replaced by Smart Meters in customers' households. Smart Meters collects fine-grained utility consumption pro les from customers, which in turn enables the introduction of dynamic, time-of-use tariffs. However, the ne-grained usage data that is compiled in this process also allows to infer the inhabitant's personal schedules...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Practical Secure and Efficient Multiparty Linear Programming Based on Problem Transformation

    Cryptographic solutions to privacy-preserving multiparty linear programming are slow. This makes them unsuitable for many economically important applications, such as supply chain optimization, whose size exceeds their practically feasible input range. In this paper the authors present a privacy-preserving transformation that allows secure outsourcing of the linear program computation in...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    L1 - An Intermediate Language for Mixed-Protocol Secure Computation

    Secure Computation (SC) enables secure distributed computation of arbitrary functions of private inputs. It has many useful applications, e.g. benchmarking or auctions. Several general protocols for SC have been proposed and recently been implemented in a number of compilers and frameworks. These compilers or frameworks implement one general SC protocol...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Transactional Intent

    Data state in a data management system such as a database is the result of the transactions performed on that data management system. Approaches such as single-message transactions and field calls come closer than before/after values to expressing the intent of a transaction, the semantic transformation that should be performed...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    5 From the Internet of Things to the Web of Things: Resource Oriented Architecture and Best Practices

    Creating networks of "Smart things" found in the physical world (e.g., with RFID, wireless sensor and actuator networks, embedded devices) on a large scale has become the goal of a variety of recent research activities. Rather than exposing real-world data and functionality through vertical system designs, the authors propose to...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    A Resource Oriented Architecture for the Web of Things

    Many efforts are centered around creating large-scale networks of "Smart things" found in the physical world (e.g., wireless sensor and actuator networks, embedded devices, tagged objects). Rather than exposing real-world data and functionality through proprietary and tightly-coupled systems, the authors propose to make them an integral part of the Web....

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Sharing Using Social Networks in a Composable Web of Things

    In the emerging "Web of Things", digitally augmented everyday objects are seamlessly integrated to the Web by reusing Web patterns such as REST. This results in an ecosystem of real-world devices that can be reused and recombined to create new ad-hoc applications. This, however, implies that devices are available to...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Design of a Web-Based Distributed Location-Aware Infrastructure for Mobile Devices

    Since GPS receivers have become a commodity anyone could access and use location information simply and freely. Such an easy access to ones' location is instrumental to development of location-aware applications. However, existing applications are static in that they do not model relations between places and mobile things. Moreover, these...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Architecting a Mashable Open World Wide Web of Things

    Many efforts are currently going towards networking smart things from the physical world (e.g. RFID, wireless sensor and actuator networks, embedded devices) on a larger scale. Rather than exposing real-world data and functionality through proprietary and tightly-coupled systems the authors propose to make them an integral part of the Web....

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Real-World Service Interaction With Enterprise Systems in Dynamic Manufacturing Environments

    The factory of the future will be heavily based on internet and web technologies. A new generation of devices with embedded hardware and software will feature greatly improved storage, computing, and networking capabilities. This will lead to a system landscape of millions of networked devices that is heterogeneous with respect...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    An Evaluation of Product Identification Techniques for Mobile Phones

    Among others, consumer products can be purchased in the Internet and in traditional stores. Each of the two has dedicated advantages. An online survey conducted within the frames of this work investigates these advantages. It motivates the transition of the advantages of online shopping, such as access to recommendations of...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Design and Implementation of a Gateway for Web-Based Interaction and Management of Embedded Devices

    Wireless Sensor Networks provide unprecedented possibilities for monitoring and interacting with the real-world. Unfortunately, the lack of open and simple standards for ad-hoc collaboration between heterogeneous embedded devices makes it difficult to build large-scale deployments; every particular application requires complex integration work, and therefore technical expertise, effort and time. Inspired...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Towards the Real-Time Enterprise: Service-Based Integration of Heterogeneous SOA-Ready Industrial Devices With Enterprise Applications

    It is expected that millions of embedded devices and machines empowered with Internet technologies will be able to communicate, collaborate and offer their functionality as a service. At the shop floor, this creates new opportunities for more dynamic environments where timely usage of the monitoring information is coupled with control...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Reliable Execution of Business Processes on Dynamic Networks of Service-Enabled Devices

    It is expected that future shop-floors will be populated by thousands of networked embedded devices. Those will not only communicate using IP (as in TCP/IP), but also feature some autonomy, allowing them to collaborate among themselves and with enterprise systems. As they can offer both their mechatronic and higher-level functions...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Are you Energy-Efficient: Sense it on the Web!

    Reducing their energy consumption has become an important concern for many people lately. A necessary step to save energy is to raise consumption awareness, that is: to realize how much electricity is consumed by household appliances. The authors propose a system that uses and extends intelligent power outlets called Plogg,...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Towards an Open Infrastructure for Fast Prototyping Applications on the Web of Things

    Wireless Sensor Networks provide unprecedented possibilities for monitoring and interacting with the real-world. Unfortunately, the lack of open and simple standards for ad-hoc collaboration between heterogeneous embedded devices makes it difficult to build large-scale deployments. For every particular application requires complex integration work, and therefore technical expertise, effort and time....

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Towards Performance Prediction for Cloud Computing Environments Based on Goal-Oriented Measurements

    Scalability and performance are critical quality attributes of applications developed for the cloud. Many of these applications have to support hundreds or thousands of concurrent users with strongly fluctuating workloads. Existing approaches for software performance evaluation do not address the new challenges that arise for applications executed in cloud computing...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Reference Architecture for Multi-Level SLA Management

    There is a global trend towards service-orientation, both for organizing business interactions but also in modern IT architectures. At the business-level, service industries are becoming the dominating sector in which solutions are flexibly composed out of networked services. At the IT level, the paradigms of Service-Oriented Architecture and Cloud Computing...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Using Cloud Standards for Interoperability of Cloud Frameworks

    Today's need for Open Frameworks, especially in the Cloud community, demands for standards. These standards are needed to ensure portability, interoperability and integration of Cloud sites. This technical paper describes how an emerging Cloud standard, the Open Cloud Computing Interface, can be used integrate two major Cloud Frameworks (SLA@SOI and...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Cloudbased Enterprise Mashup Integration Services for B2B Scenarios

    The authors observe a huge demand for situational and ad-hoc applications desired by the mass of business end-users that cannot be fully implemented by IT departments. This is especially the case with regard to solutions that support infrequent, situational, and ad-hoc B2B scenarios. End users are not able to implement...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // May 2011

    The State of the Cross-Domain Nation

    By deploying a configuration that allows the creation of client-side, cross-domain HTTP requests, a Web application weakens the same-origin policy. This enables sophisticated browser-based interaction which is not possible in the standard model, but also may lead to insecurities. In this paper, the authors briefly cover the technical background of...

    Provided By SAP Research

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    The Lively PartsBin - A Cloud-Based Repository for Collaborative Development of Active Web Content

    The Lively Kernel is a browser-based environment for authoring active Web content. Being a self-supporting system, it is simple and compact, yet it supports rapid authoring with little need for programming expertise. Most importantly, the entire context of creation is now embedded in the cloud, a shared space in which...

    Provided By SAP Research