University of Melbourne

Displaying 1-40 of 197 results

  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Security in the Cloud Based Systems: Structure and Breaches

    Cloud Based Systems (CBSs) are increasing in the computing world. These systems derive their complexity due to both the disparate components and the diverse stake holders involved in them. The component wise security alone does not solve the problem of securing CBSs, but the stakeholder's computational space spanning across many...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Security and Compliance Testing Strategies for Cloud Computing

    Due to rapidly changing Information Technologies, it is becoming more expensive for companies/organizations to regularly update hardware and software, and also maintain a big IT department with highly technical staff. So many organizations are adopting cloud services to reduce the cost and increase the flexibility of their IT infrastructures. While...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Preemption-Aware Energy Management in Virtualized DataCenters

    Energy efficiency is one of the main challenges that datacenters are facing nowadays. A considerable portion of the consumed energy in these environments is wasted because of idling resources. To avoid wastage, offering services with variety of SLAs (with different prices and priorities) is a common practice. The question the...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Peer-to-Peer Networks for Content Sharing

    Peer-To-Peer (P2P) systems are popularly used as "File-swapping" networks to support distributed content sharing. A number of P2P networks for file sharing have been developed and deployed. Napster, Gnutella, and Fasttrack are three popular P2P systems. This paper presents a broad overview of P2P computing and focuses on content sharing...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Reliable Provisioning of Spot Instances for Compute-Intensive Applications

    Cloud computing providers are now offering their unused resources for leasing in the spot market, which has been considered the first step towards a full-fledged market economy for computational resources. Spot instances are Virtual Machines (VMs) available at lower prices than their standard on-demand counterparts. These VMs will run for...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Contention-Aware Resource Management System in a Virtualized Grid Federation

    Several efforts have been made towards the development of architectures, mechanisms, and policies that enable resource allocation across several Grids. Recently, such federated Grids have applied lease-based and Virtual Machine-based approaches in allocating resources. Lease-based approach along with VMs impose new challenges to the resource management systems in federated Grids....

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Statistical Modeling of Spot Instance Prices in Public Cloud Environments

    The surge in demand for utilizing public Cloud resources has introduced many trade-offs between price, performance and recently reliability. Amazon's Spot Instances (SIs) create a competitive bidding option for the public Cloud users at lower prices without providing reliability on services. It is generally believed that SIs reduce monetary cost...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    NetworkCloudSim: Modelling Parallel Applications in Cloud Simulations

    As interest in adopting Cloud computing for various applications is rapidly growing, it is important to understand how these applications and systems will perform when deployed on Clouds. Due to the scale and complexity of shared resources, it is often hard to analyze the performance of new scheduling and provisioning...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    SMICloud: A Framework for Comparing and Ranking Cloud Services

    With the growth of Cloud Computing, more and more companies are offering different cloud services. From the customer's point of view, it is always difficult to decide whose services they should use, based on users' requirements. Currently there is no software framework which can automatically index cloud providers based on...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Provisioning Spot Market Cloud Resources to Create Cost-Effective Virtual Clusters

    Infrastructure-as-a-Service providers are offering their unused resources in the form of variable-priced Virtual Machines (VMs), known as "Spot instances", at prices significantly lower than their standard fixed-priced resources. To lease spot instances, users specify a maximum price they are willing to pay per hour and VMs will run only when...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    SLA-Based Resource Provisioning for Heterogeneous Workloads in a Virtualized Cloud Datacenter

    Efficient provisioning of resources is a challenging problem in cloud computing environments due to its dynamic nature and the need for supporting heterogeneous applications with different performance requirements. Currently, cloud datacenter providers either do not offer any performance guarantee or prefer static VM allocation over dynamic, which lead to inefficient...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Resource Provisioning Policies to Increase IaaS Provider's Profit in a Federated Cloud Environment

    Cloud Federation is a recent paradigm that helps Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) providers to overcome resource limitation during spikes in demand for Virtual Machines (VMs) by outsourcing requests to other federation members. IaaS providers also have the option of terminating spot VMs, i.e, cheaper VMs that can be canceled...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Market-Oriented Cloud Computing and the Cloudbus Toolkit

    Cloud computing has penetrated the Information Technology industry deep enough to influence major companies to adopt it into their mainstream business. A strong thrust on the use of virtualization technology to realize Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) has led enterprises to leverage subscription-oriented computing capabilities of public Clouds for hosting their application services....

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Aneka Platform and QoS-Driven Resource Provisioning for Elastic Applications on Hybrid Clouds

    Cloud computing alters the way traditional software systems are built and run by introducing a utility-based model for delivering IT infrastructure, platforms, applications, and services. The consolidation of this new paradigm in both enterprises and academia demanded reconsideration in the way IT resources are used, so Cloud computing can be...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Virtual Machine Provisioning Based on Analytical Performance and QoS in Cloud Computing Environments

    Cloud computing is the latest computing paradigm that delivers IT resources as services in which users are free from the burden of worrying about the low-level implementation or system administration details. However, there are significant problems that exist with regard to efficient provisioning and delivery of applications using Cloud-based IT...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Performance Analysis of Preemption-Aware Scheduling in Multi-Cluster Grid Environments

    Resource provisioning is one of the main challenges in resource sharing environments such as multi-cluster Grids. In these environments each cluster serves requests from external (grid) users along with their own local users. The problem arises when there is not sufficient resources for local users (which have higher priority than...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    KLEIN: A New Family of Lightweight Block Ciphers

    Resource-efficient cryptographic primitives are essential for realizing both security and efficiency in embedded systems like RFID tags and sensor nodes. Among those primitives, lightweight block cipher plays a major role as a building block for security protocols. In this paper, the authors describe a new family of lightweight block ciphers...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Energy-Aware Resource Allocation Heuristics for Efficient Management of Data Centers for Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing offers utility-oriented IT services to users worldwide. Based on a pay-as-you-go model, it enables hosting of pervasive applications from consumer, scientific, and business domains. However, data centers hosting Cloud applications consume huge amounts of electrical energy, contributing to high operational costs and carbon footprints to the environment. Therefore,...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Green Cloud Framework for Improving Carbon Efficiency of Clouds

    The energy efficiency of ICT has become a major issue with the growing demand of cloud computing. More and more companies are investing in building large datacenters to host cloud services. These datacenters not only consume huge amount of energy but are also very complex in the infrastructure itself. Many...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Green Cloud Computing and Environmental Sustainability

    Cloud computing is a highly scalable and cost-effective infrastructure for running HPC, enterprise and web applications. However, the growing demand of cloud infrastructure has drastically increased the energy consumption of data centers, which has become a critical issue. High energy consumption not only translates to high operational cost, which reduces...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Platforms for Building and Deploying Applications for Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing is rapidly emerging as a new paradigm for delivering IT services as utility-oriented services on subscription basis. The rapid development of applications and their deployment in Cloud computing environments in efficient manner is a complex task. In this paper, the authors give a brief introduction to Cloud computing...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Deadline-Driven Provisioning of Resources for Scientific Applications in Hybrid Clouds With Aneka

    Scientific applications require large computing power, traditionally exceeding the available within the premises of a single institution. Therefore, clouds can be used to provide extra resources whenever required. For this vision to be achieved; however, it is required both policies defining when and how cloud resources are allocated to applications...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Aneka Cloud Application Platform and Its Integration With Windows Azure

    Aneka is an Application Platform-as-a-Service (Aneka PaaS) for Cloud Computing. It acts as a framework for building customized applications and deploying them on either public or private Clouds. One of the key features of Aneka is its support for provisioning resources on different public Cloud providers such as Amazon EC2,...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Consolidation And Price Discrimination In The Cable Television Industry

    This paper measures the impact of consolidation on cable television prices, product quality, profits and consumer welfare. The author estimates a multi-product monopoly model using panel data on cable menus and costs in Canada from 1990 to 1996. Using counterfactual simulations, the author finds mean consumer welfare rises with acquisitions,...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    SOVoIP: True Convergence of Data and Voice Network

    Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is the reality of future telephony provided over the Internet. In the process it is claimed that, voice and data networks are converging into one network. However, such claim only introduced new protocols for telephony on the Internet which are not truly interoperable with existing...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Predicting Short-Term Interest Rates: Does Bayesian Model Averaging Provide Forecast Improvement?

    This paper examines the forecasting qualities of Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) over a set of single factor models of short-term interest rates. Using weekly and high frequency data for the one-month Eurodollar rate, BMA produces predictive likelihoods that are considerably better than the majority of the short-rate models, but marginally...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Dynamically Scaling Applications in the Cloud

    Scalability is said to be one of the major advantages brought by the cloud paradigm and, more specifically, the one that makes it different to an "Advanced Outsourcing" solution. However, there are some important pending issues before making the dreamed automated scaling for applications come true. In this paper, the...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    PathSensor: Towards Efficient Available Bandwidth Measurement

    Efficient and reliable available bandwidth measurement remains an important goal for many applications. Recently a new class of active probing techniques has emerged which has clear advantages over earlier approaches, prominent members being pathload and pathChirp. They are based on observing an increased separation of probe packets due to local...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Querying and Updating Treebanks: A Critical Survey and Requirements Analysis

    Language technology makes extensive use of hierarchically annotated text and speech data. These databases are stored in flat files and manipulated using corpus specific query tool or scripts. While the size of these databases and the range of applications has grown rapidly in recent years, neither method for managing the...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Continuous Intersection Joins Over Moving Objects

    The continuous intersection join query is computationally expensive yet important for various applications on moving objects. No previous study has specifically addressed this query type. The authors can adopt a naive algorithm or extend an existing technique (TP-Join) to process the query. However, they compute the answer for either too...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Active Probing Using Packet Quartets

    A significant proportion of link bandwidth measurement methods are based on IP's ability to control the number of hops a packet can traverse along a route via the Time-To-Live (TTL) field of the IP header. A new delay variation based path model is introduced and used to analyze the fundamental...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    A Grid Service Broker for Scheduling Distributed Data-Oriented Applications on Global Grids

    The next generation of scientific experiments and studies, popularly called as e-Science, is carried out by large collaborations of researchers distributed around the world engaged in analysis of huge collections of data generated by scientific instruments. Grid computing has emerged as an enabler for e-Science as it permits the creation...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Information Leakage Through Online Social Networking: Opening the Doorway for Advanced Persistence Threats

    The explosion of Online Social Networking (OSN) in recent years has caused damages to organisations due to leakage of information by their employees. Employees' social networking behaviour, whether accidental or intentional, provides an opportunity for Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) attackers to realise their social engineering techniques and undetectable zero-day exploits....

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Information Security Risk Assessment: Towards a Business Practice Perspective

    Information Security Risk Assessments (ISRAs) are of great importance for organisations. Current ISRA methods identify an organisation's security risks and provide a measured, analyzed security risk profile of critical information assets in order to build plans to treat risk. However, despite prevalent use in organisations today, current methods adopt a...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Organisational Learning and Incident Response: Promoting Effective Learning Through the Incident Response Process

    Effective response to information security incidents is a critical function of modern organisations. However, recent studies have indicated that organisations have adopted a narrow and technical view of Incident Response (IR), focusing on the immediate concern of detection and subsequent corrective actions. Although some reflection on the IR process may...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Measuring Information Flow in Networks of Stochastic Processes

    This paper addresses the problem of inferring circulation of information between nodes of a complex network. Observations at each node will be supposed to be realizations of stochastic processes. Recently introduced directed information is investigated and causal conditioning of directed information is shown to provide adequate solutions for the problem....

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Effects Of Taxation On Migration: Some Evidence For The ASEAN And APEC Economies

    This paper investigates the effects of taxation on migration. It develops a stylized, two country model to examine the impact of taxation on labor mobility. The theoretical prediction that taxation affects migration decisions is supported by some empirical evidence for the ASEAN and APEC economies. Average tax rates are found...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    How SMEs Exploit Their Intellectual Property Assets: Evidence From Survey Data

    This paper seeks to understand how motives to patent affect the use of the patent portfolio with a particular focus on motives aimed at the monetization of Intellectual Property (IP). The analysis relies on data from an international survey conducted by the European Patent Office (EPO). The main results can...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Loglinear Tax And Transfer Function: Majority Voting And Optimal Rates

    This paper explores the use of a loglinear tax and transfer function, displaying increasing marginal and average tax rates along with a means-tested transfer payment. The two parameters are a breakeven income threshold, where the average tax rate is zero, and a tax parameter equivalent to the marginal tax rate...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Protecting Antiquities: A Role For Long- Term Leases?

    Most countries prohibit the export of certain antiquities. This practice often leads to illegal excavation and looting for the black market, which damages the items and compromises the archaeological record. The authors consider the prospect of long-term antiquity leases and sales contracts with a pre-arranged repurchase option. Such mechanisms could...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2007

    A Framework for Aligning Testing and Development

    Strategic alignment between an organization's business strategy/capabilities and those of its Information Technology (IT) unit has been researched extensively and has found significant application in industry in the last decade. Given the critical interdependencies between development and testing groups within a corporate IT unit, this paper presents a similar alignment...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2013

    Security in the Cloud Based Systems: Structure and Breaches

    Cloud Based Systems (CBSs) are increasing in the computing world. These systems derive their complexity due to both the disparate components and the diverse stake holders involved in them. The component wise security alone does not solve the problem of securing CBSs, but the stakeholder's computational space spanning across many...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Mar 2002

    The Influence of Plasterboard Clad Walls on the Structural Behavior of Low Rise Residential Buildings

    This paper focuses on the bracing capacity of plasterboard clad walls which could be considered either structural or non-structural. While such walls may be installed purely as partition walls, they may provide lateral strength and stiffness due to the complex load paths. The paper presents in detail the possible load...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2008

    Market-Oriented Cloud Computing: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering IT Services as Computing Utilities

    This keynote paper: presents a 21st century vision of computing; identifies various computing paradigms promising to deliver the vision of computing utilities; defines Cloud computing and provides the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds by leveraging technologies such as VMs; provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    RFID Application in Municipal Solid Waste Management System

    Processing and recovery is a key functional element in Municipal Solid Waste Management System (MSWMS). Reuse, recycle and recovery of valuable components of waste stream are given much attention in MSWMS in both developed and developing countries. The main concern of municipalities is the sound management of recyclable materials. Source...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    High-Performance Cloud Computing: A View of Scientific Applications

    Scientific computing often requires the availability of a massive number of computers for performing large scale experiments. Traditionally, these needs have been addressed by using high-performance computing solutions and installed facilities such as clusters and super computers, which are difficult to setup, maintain, and operate. Cloud computing provides scientists with...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Cloudbus Toolkit for Market-Oriented Cloud Computing

    This keynote paper presents the 21st century vision of computing and identifies various IT paradigms promising to deliver computing as a utility; defines the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds and computing atmosphere by leveraging technologies such as virtual machines; provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2009

    Modeling and Simulation of Scalable Cloud Computing Environments and the CloudSim Toolkit: Challenges and Opportunities

    Cloud computing aims to power the next generation data centers and enables application service providers to lease data center capabilities for deploying applications depending on user QoS (Quality of Service) requirements. Cloud applications have different composition, configuration, and deployment requirements. Quantifying the performance of resource allocation policies and application scheduling...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Monitoring of an Aeroponic Greenhouse With a Sensor Network

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a wireless sensor network for greenhouse environment monitoring. The sensor network was deployed in a commercial aeroponic greenhouse that produces lettuces in a tropical environment. The sensor node was developed using off-the-shelf components and consists of sensors, a micro-controller and a low-powered...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Minimizing Execution Costs When Using Globally Distributed Cloud Services

    Cloud computing is an emerging technology that allows users to utilize on-demand computation, storage, data and services from around the world. However, Cloud service providers charge users for these services. Specifically, to access data from their globally distributed storage edge servers, providers charge users depending on the user's location and...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Energy Efficient Resource Management in Virtualized Cloud Data Centers

    High performance computing infrastructures are a direct result of resource-intensive enterprises and scientific applications, and are massive electric power consumers which, in turn, contribute to excessive CO2 emissions. To achieve energy efficiency, we do have energy efficient hardware, Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS), and virtualization of computer resources. Virtualization...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Efficient Macro Mobility Management for GPRS IP Networks

    Mobile IP has several inefficiencies, and was not originally designed for situations where both peers are highly mobile. The paper presents a mobility management solution that retains compatibility with existing Internet protocols, whilst increasing the efficiency of communications between two GPRS mobile hosts. The proposal eradicates triangle routing and minimizes...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Assembling Agent Oriented Software Engineering Methodologies From Features

    In this paper authors describe the effort to merge two existing AOSE methodologies, Prometheus and ROADMAP, by isolating a set of general purpose common elements. The remaining parts of the two methodologies are componentized into special purpose "Value-adding" features. This approach empowers the developer to assemble a methodology tailored to...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    InterCloud: Utility-Oriented Federation of Cloud Computing Environments for Scaling of Application Services

    Cloud computing providers have setup several data centers at different geographical locations over the Internet in order to optimally serve needs of their customers around the world. However, existing systems do not support mechanisms and policies for dynamically coordinating load distribution among different Cloud-based data centers in order to determine...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    CloudSim: A Novel Framework for Modeling and Simulation of Cloud Computing Infrastructures and Services

    Cloud computing focuses on delivery of reliable, secure, fault-tolerant, sustainable, and scalable infrastructures for hosting Internet-based application services. These applications have different composition, configuration, and deployment requirements. Quantifying the performance of scheduling and allocation policy on a Cloud infrastructure (hardware, software, services) for different application and service models under varying...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Effects Of Taxation On Migration: Some Evidence For The ASEAN And APEC Economies

    This paper investigates the effects of taxation on migration. It develops a stylized, two country model to examine the impact of taxation on labor mobility. The theoretical prediction that taxation affects migration decisions is supported by some empirical evidence for the ASEAN and APEC economies. Average tax rates are found...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Do Patents Alter The Direction Of Scientific Inquiry? Evidence From A Survey Of Academic Scientists

    The authors use data from 3000 academic scientists to estimate the effects of other parties' patents on the academics' research. Nearly half of all scientists report that their choice of research projects has been affected by the presence of other parties' patents. They find that transaction costs and the culture...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Are Active Labour Market Programmes Least Effective Where They Are Most Needed? The Case Of The British New Deal For Young People

    One view of Active Labor Market Programs (ALMPs) is that they are 'Most needed' in slack labor markets, where more unemployed workers require help finding jobs. But ALMPs might be less effective in such labor markets because there are fewer vacancies with which program participants can match. In this paper...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Personality, Well-being And Heterogeneous Valuations Of Income And Work

    People differ in their basic levels of happiness and in the way they value income and work. Using Australian longitudinal data and a random coefficient approach, this paper investigates whether personality traits explain the heterogeneity in these valuations. The authors find that differences in subjective well-being are driven by Emotional...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Do Non-Cognitive Skills Help Explain The Occupational Segregation Of Young People?

    This paper investigates the role of non-cognitive skills in the occupational segregation of young workers entering the U.S. labor market. The authors find entry into male-dominated fields of study and male-dominated occupations are both related to the extent to which individuals believe they are intelligent and have "Male" traits while...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Effects Of Public Subsidies On R&D Employment: Evidence From OECD Countries

    Existing empirical evidence suggests that public subsidies and fiscal incentives have a positive effect on the amount of private R&D expenditure. However, most studies have failed to address the possibility at least some of this increase may simply reflect the fact that R&D workers are being paid higher wages. Such...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    The Effect Of Waiting Time And Distance On Hospital Choice For English Cataract Patients

    This paper applies latent-class and multinomial logit models to the choice of hospital for cataract operations in the UK NHS. The authors concentrate on the effects of travel time and waiting time and especially on the waiting time elasticity of demand. Models including hospital fixed effects rely on changes over...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Immigration Background And The Intergenerational Correlation In Education

    This paper analyzes the degree of intergenerational education mobility among immigrant and native-born youth in Australia. The authors find that young Australians from Non-English-Speaking Background (NESB) immigrant families have an educational advantage over their English-speaking background (ESB) immigrant and Australian-born peers. Moreover, while highly educated Australian-born mothers and fathers transfer...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // May 2010

    How Does A Worker?s Labour Market History Affect Job Duration?

    This paper explores the relation between a worker's job duration and prior labor market experience. Hazard models are estimated using data on employment spells for the population aged 25 to 64 years in Australia from the HILDA survey (waves 1 to 7). A worker's labor force state immediately preceding an...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Bank And Official Interest Rates: How Do They Interact Over Time?

    This paper implements a procedure to evaluate time-varying bank interest rate adjustments over a sample period which includes changes in industry structure, market and credit conditions and varying episodes of monetary policy. The model draws attention to the pivotal role of official rates and provides estimates of the equilibrium policy...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2010

    Determinants Of Profitability: An Analysis Of Large Australian Firms

    This paper identifies the determinants of firm profitability and quantifies their relative importance. Using a panel of large Australian firms for the period 1995 to 2005, the analysis estimates a dynamic profit model that, unlike most existing research, directly includes measures of productivity and productivity persistence. Descriptive statistics illustrate that...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    The Effects Of Macroeconomic Conditions On The Education And Employment Outcomes Of Youth

    This paper examines the impact of macroeconomic conditions on the education and employment outcomes of youths in school-to-work transition. The dataset is based on five different cohorts from the Youth in Transition surveys (YIT) and the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) and covers the period from 1985 to 2006,...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    The Labour Market Effects Of Vocational Education And Training In Australia

    The authors provide estimates of the effects of completing a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification on several labor market outcomes: earnings from employment, plus the probabilities of being employed, being employed full-time if employed, and being employed in a permanent position. Estimates are provided for 1993, 1997, 2001 and...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Estimates Of Poverty And Social Exclusion In Australia: A Multidimensional Approach

    The authors measure the extent of poverty and social exclusion in Australia using data from the Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. For each individual, they construct a measure of social exclusion that recognizes its multidimensionality, including its potential variability in depth at a point in time...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Dec 2009

    Does Part-Time Employment Help Or Hinder Lone Mothers? Movements Into Full-Time Employment?

    A significant demographic trend in recent decades in Australia has been the growth in lone parent families as a proportion of all families, associated with which has been growth in welfare dependency. This has led to considerable policy focus on increasing lone parent participation in employment. A key issue that...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Examining The Role Of Demographic Change In The Decline In Male Employment In Australia: A Propensity Score Re-weighting Decomposition Approach

    Using Australian data spanning the period 1981 to 2001, the authors apply a propensity score reweighting decomposition approach to investigate the extent to which the large decline in the male employment-population rate over this period can be attributed to changes in sociodemographic characteristics. They find that changes in observed characteristics...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Optimal Marginal Income Tax Reforms: A Microsimulation Analysis

    Extensive research has shown that few robust results regarding the optimal tax structure are available. Moreover, the stylized models used in optimal tax analyses are not appropriate for practical policy advice. This paper proposes a method of examining optimal marginal income tax reforms using behavioral micro simulation models in which...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Overskilling Dynamics And Education Pathways

    This paper uses panel data and econometric methods to estimate the incidence and the dynamic properties of over skilling among employed individuals. The paper begins by asking whether there is extensive over skilling in the labor market, and whether over skilling differs by education pathway. The answer to both questions...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Does Labour Market Achievement Matter For The Wellbeing Of Australian Immigrants? Culture And Gender Differences

    This paper explores the Australian immigrants' job-life relationship by simultaneously estimating a bivariate ordered probit random effects panel model. The authors found that discrepancy between career goal and employment reality plays a central role. The study also explores the characteristics related to immigrants who are likely to have stronger job...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jul 2009

    Occupational Transition And Country-Of-Origin Effects In The Early Stage Occupational Assimilation Of Immigrants: Some Evidence From Australia

    The authors examine the occupational attainment of recent immigrants at two years' post migration in order to study their early stage assimilation into the labor market in Australia. Human capital endowments and country-of-origin effects are examined for six occupational groups (including unemployment). They also study transitions across occupations from source...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Benefits And Key Project Success Factors From Enterprise Systems Implementations: Lessons From Sapphire 2003

    This paper analyzes benefits and key project success factors from sixty enterprise system implementations discussed by senior implementation-project managers in some of the world's largest corporations at the June 2003 Sapphire conference. The contributions of this paper are (1) insight into the nature of the benefits that organizations achieved from...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Object Oriented Programming With Java: Essentials and Applications

    Recent advances in Internet and Web are changing the way the authors conduct business, manage the life, and interact among ourselves as a society. They have made the world a global village for information exchange and service delivery. However, developing software systems and applications for these environments continues to be...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Creating Business Value And Undertaking Strategic Transformations With Enterprise Systems: Towards A Framework

    The last few decades have seen the widespread adoption of large-scale integrated packaged software suites collectively called Enterprise Systems. This paper is a work-in progress that looks at the adoption of these systems to go beyond being a mere IT platform: to analyze their potential for creating business value and...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    SOVoIP: True Convergence of Data and Voice Network

    Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is the reality of future telephony provided over the Internet. In the process it is claimed that, voice and data networks are converging into one network. However, such claim only introduced new protocols for telephony on the Internet which are not truly interoperable with existing...

    Provided By University of Melbourne

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Sensor Web: Integration of Sensor Networks With Web and Cyber Infrastructure

    As sensor network deployments grow and mature there emerge a common set of operations and transformations. These can be grouped into a conceptual framework called Sensor Web. Sensor Web combines cyber infrastructure with a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and sensor networks to provide access to heterogeneous sensor resources in a...

    Provided By University of Melbourne