University of Notre Dame

Displaying 1-40 of 208 results

  • White Papers // Jul 2013

    Energy Recovery and Logical Reversibility in Adiabatic CMOS Multiplier

    Reversible logic is a strict requirement for quantum computing, however, overcoming the power challenge of the traditional digital integrated circuits potentially benefits from the associated energy recovery enabled by the reversible computation principles. Overcoming the IC power challenge requires signal energy recovery, which can be achieved utilizing adiabatic charging principles...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Fine-Grained Access Control in the Chirp Distributed File System

    Although the distributed file-system is a widely used technology in local area networks, it has seen less use on the wide area networks that connect clusters, clouds, and grids. One reason for this is access control: existing file-system technologies require either the client machine to be fully trusted, or the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Applying DDDAS Principles to Command, Control and Mission Planning for UAV Swarms

    Government agencies predict ever-increasing inventories of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Sizes will vary from current manned aircraft scales to miniature, micro, millimeter scales or smaller. Missions for UAVs will increase, especially for the 3-D missions: dull, dirty, and dangerous. As their numbers and missions increase, three important challenges will emerge...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Low Latency Relaying Schemes for Next-Generation Cellular Networks

    The reduction in both user and control plane latency is a major goal for next generation (4G) cellular networks, specifically the Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) standard. At the same time, relay stations, which introduce additional latency into transmissions, are seen as a potential means to improve cell spectral efficiency and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Secondary Access Policies With Imperfect Sensing in Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks

    The authors consider secondary access policies with imperfect sensing in sensing-based dynamic spectrum access networks. Interference caused by both missed detections as well as the primary user's return to the channel during the secondary transmission are explored. They allow arbitrary distributions for the primary ON/OFF intervals and expand each interval...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Multiaccess Communication in the Finite Blocklength Regime

    Although real-world communication networks employ coding schemes with blocklengths as low as several hundred symbols, classical coding theorems of information theory rely on blocklengths approaching infinity. Following a recent line of work on channel dispersion in the finite blocklength regime, the authors use first- and second-order statistics to characterize low-complexity...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Method for Privacy-Protecting Display and Exchange of Emergency Information on Mobile Devices

    First responders and emergency care providers make life or death decisions with little to no information about patient's medical problems. Access to a person's medical record could greatly improve the medical care they receive. Challenges to proving this information include finding the correct platform and protecting the patient's privacy. Current...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Sensorless Sensing in Wireless Networks: Implementation and Measurements

    Multipath fading and shadowing are usually regarded as negative phenomena hindering proper radio communication. Adopting a completely different stance, this paper illustrates that such phenomena enable information harvesting from received signal strength leading to a number of original applications requiring no conventional sensing hardware. The radio itself, provided that it...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Swarming Under Perfect Consensus Using Integral Action

    Swarming is a collective behavior in which a group of distinct dynamical agents begin to move as a single entity. Swarming behavior has fascinated those interested in how collective actions can emerge from the selfish behavior of individuals in the group. Early examples may be found in physics and biology....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Dec 2011

    Emergency Response in Smartphone-Based Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

    Today's modern mobile devices (e.g., smartphones and tablets) present great potential for building large-scale mobile sensing and information sharing systems which can be highly beneficial to minimize the fatalities of human lives during emergency response. This paper presents a framework, called BREathing rate MONitoring (BREMON) that allows paramedics to monitor...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Random Power Control in Poisson Networks

    This paper studies power control strategies in interference-limited wireless networks with Poisson distributed nodes. The authors concentrate on two sets of strategies: Single-Node Optimal Power Control (SNOPC) strategies and Nash Equilibrium Power Control (NEPC) strategies. SNOPC strategies maximize the expected throughput of the power controllable link given that all the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Work Queue + Python: A Framework for Scalable Scientific Ensemble Applications

    Even with the increase in the number and variety of computer resources available to research scientists today, it is still challenging to construct scalable distributed applications. To address this issue, the authors developed Work Queue, a flexible master/- worker framework for building large scale scientific ensemble applications that span many...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Converting a High Performance Application to an Elastic Cloud Application

    Over the past decade, high performance applications have embraced parallel programming and computing models. While parallel computing offers advantages such as good utilization of dedicated hardware resources, it also has several drawbacks such as poor fault-tolerance, scalability, and ability to harness available resources during run-time. The advent of cloud computing...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Seamless Dynamic Runtime Reconfiguration in a Software-Defined Radio

    The authors discuss implementation aspects of a software-defined radio system that allows for dynamic waveform reconfiguration during runtime without interrupting data-flow processing. Traditional software-defined radio systems execute a waveform statically, exactly as it is programmed. Reconfiguration is provided by executing a different waveform, which requires the system to stop processing...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Communications Overhead as the Cost of Constraints

    This paper speculates on a perspective for studying overhead in communication systems that contrasts the traditional viewpoint that overhead is the "Non-data" portion of transmissions. By viewing overhead as the cost of constraints imposed on a system, information-theoretic techniques can be used to obtain fundamental limits on overhead information, and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    On the Use of an Algebraic Language Interface for Waveform Definition

    The authors discuss implementation aspects of a software-defined radio system that allows the user to define waveforms using an algebraic language interface, currently as an extension to C++. Current software-defined radio systems provide waveform definitions through a combination of a graphical interface, markup language, interpreted script, and compiled code. No...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Bounds on Information Propagation Delay in Interference-Limited ALOHA Networks

    In a wireless network the set of transmitting nodes changes frequently because of the MAC scheduler and the traffic load. Analyzing the connectivity of such a network using static graphs would lead to pessimistic performance results. In this paper, the authors consider an ad hoc network with half-duplex radios that...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Path Loss Exponent Estimation in Large Wireless Networks

    In wireless channels, the Path Loss Exponent (PLE) has a strong impact on the quality of the links, and hence, it needs to be accurately estimated for the efficient design and operation of wireless networks. This paper addresses the problem of PLE estimation in large wireless networks, which is relevant...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Interference in Ad Hoc Networks With General Motion-Invariant Node Distributions

    In this paper, the authors derive the tail properties of interference for any stationary and isotropic spatial distribution of transmitting nodes. Previously the properties of interference were known only when the nodes are distributed as a homogeneous Poisson point process on the plane. They show the effect of a singular...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Effect of Network Geometry and Interference on Consensus in Wireless Networks

    The authors study the convergence of the average consensus algorithm in wireless networks in the presence of interference. It is well-known that convergence of the consensus algorithm improves with network connectivity. However, from a networking standpoint, highly connected wireless networks may have lower throughput because of increased interference. This raises...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    On Consensus Over Stochastically Switching Directed Topologies

    The authors consider average consensus algorithms executed over stochastically varying communication topologies that may be unbalanced. It is known that the state values will reach consensus, under fairly weak conditions. However, the consensus value is a random variable. They provide concentration bounds for the distance of the state vector from...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Dynamic Connectivity and Packet Propagation Delay in ALOHA Wireless Networks

    The authors consider an ad hoc network which uses multihop and slotted ALOHA for its MAC contention. They then formulate the minimum time required for a packet to reach the destination from the origin. They define this delay as the minimum time required for a causal path to form between...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Geometry, Connectivity, and Broadcast Transport Capacity of Random Networks With Fading

    In ad hoc networks with random node distribution, the underlying point process model and the channel fading process are usually considered separately. The authors provide a unified framework for the geometric characterization of fading by incorporating the fading process into the point process model. Concretely, assuming nodes are distributed in...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    On Stability Across a Gaussian Product Channel

    The authors present sufficient conditions for stabilizing a scalar discrete-time LTI plant in the mean squared sense when a sensor transmits the plant state information to a remotely placed controller across a Gaussian product channel. The Gaussian product channel models a continuous-time waveform Gaussian channel, where the encoder transmits information...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Secure and Verifiable Outsourcing of Large-Scale Biometric Computations

    Cloud computing services are becoming prevalent and readily available today, bringing to one economies of scale and making large scale computation feasible. Security and privacy considerations, however, stand on the way of fully utilizing the benefits of such services and architectures. In this paper, the authors address the problem of...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Achieving Full Security in Privacy-Preserving Data Mining

    "In privacy-preserving data mining, a number of parties would like to jointly learn a function of their private data sets in a way that no information about their inputs, beyond the output itself, is revealed as a result of such computation. The researcher 2010 showed that several popular data mining...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Superposition Coding Strategies: Design and Experimental Evaluation

    The authors design and implement a software-radio system for Superposition Coding (SC), a multiuser transmission scheme that deliberately introduces interference among user signals at the transmitter, using a library of off-the-shelf point-to-point channel codes. They experimentally determine the set of rate-pairs achieved by this transmission scheme under a packet-error constraint....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Notre Dame Marketing Professor Recognized With Lifetime Achievement Award

    The author has spent much of his 35-year academic career researching and teaching in the area of ethical concerns in marketing, publishing research papers and books about sustainability and corporate social responsibility as far back as the 1970s. The University of Notre Dame professor recently was honored for his contributions...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    On the Optimal Block Length for Joint Channel and Network Coding

    Channel coding alone is not sufficient to reliably transmit a message of finite length from a source to one or more destinations. To ensure that no data is lost, channel coding on the physical layer needs to be combined with rateless erasure correcting schemes such as Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ)...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Flying Bosses: New Study Highlights Why CEO Pilots Make Good Leaders

    The kind of risk-seeking behavior that motivates certain people to fly personal aircraft may also make them effective corporate leaders, according to a new study co-authored by professors from the University of Notre Dame and the University of Oregon. Merging finance and psychology research to explore the role that genetics...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Research Shows Men Get Ahead For Being "Disagreeable" In The Workplace; Women Don't

    In the workplace they do, according to new research co-authored by University of Notre Dame Management Professor Timothy Judge. The paper shows a strong negative relationship between agreeableness and earnings for men. The more agreeable a man is, the less he will earn. For women, there is essentially no relationship...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Interference and Outage in Mobile Random Networks: Expectation, Distribution, and Correlation

    In mobile networks, distance variations caused by node mobility generate fluctuations in the channel gains. Such fluctuations can be treated as another type of fading besides multi-path effects. In this paper, the interference statistics in mobile random networks are characterized by mapping the distance variations of mobile nodes to the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Notre Dame MBA Joins Fort? Foundation To Support Women In Business

    The University of Notre Dame MBA, a leading graduate business program located in the Mendoza College of Business, has joined Fort? Foundation, a consortium of leading multinational corporations, the Graduate Management Admission Council? (GMAC?) and top global business schools. The Fort? Foundation is the leading organization that provides a national...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Percolation in the Secrecy Graph

    Secrecy graphs model the connectivity of wireless networks under secrecy constraints. Directed edges in the graph are present whenever a node can talk to another node securely in the presence of eavesdroppers. In the case of infinite networks, a critical parameter is the maximum density of eavesdroppers that can be...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    News Corp. Phone Hacking Scandal Now Political

    The author says the phone hacking scandal surrounding Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation has become more of a political story than a business story. "What's been exposed here is the overly-cozy relationship between senior political figures, the metropolitan police and the tabloid press in London," the author says. "The usual forms...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Consider Yourself Ethical? Think Again, Says New Research

    When confronted with an ethical dilemma, most of us like to think we would stand up for our principles. But we are not as ethical as we think we are, according to the author, the Rex and Alice A. Martin Professor of Business Ethics at the University of Notre Dame's...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Executive Education Awards Recognize Corporate Partners, Faculty

    An orthopedic manufacturer, an improve group and a CEO from an investment bank in Puerto Rico were among the diverse group of award recipients during the annual Notre Dame Executive Education awards banquet, held June 14 inside Purcell Pavilion at the Joyce Center at the University of Notre Dame. "The...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Improving Control-Performance Across AWGN Channels Using a Relay Node

    Consider an unstable linear time invariant system in which the sensor transmits information to a controller across an additive white Gaussian noise channel. The designer can optionally utilize a relay node to assist the controller; however the total transmission power consumed by the sensor and the relay node is constant....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Low-Complexity Incremental Use of Multiple Transmitters in Wireless Communication Systems

    In this paper, the authors develop and analyze low-complexity approaches that they call incremental Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (IMIMO) for exploiting multiple antennas for reliable high-rate communications in wireless systems. The proposed schemes leverage consecutive uses of a single transmit antenna combined with Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ) feedback, possibly with multiple receive...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Service Sharing in Mobile Sensing Systems

    Today's modern mobile devices, (such as smartphones and tablets) present great potential for growth of many novel, powerful, but also highly demanding applications. However, most mobile devices/users operate in isolation from one another, i.e., they are not aware of the presence of other devices in their proximity. There are numerous...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Local Investors, Price Discovery, And Market Efficiency

    This paper examines the effect of locally informed investors on market efficiency and stock prices using large power outages, which are exogenous events that constrain trading. Turnover in stocks headquartered in an outage area with 0.5% of U.S. electrical customers drops by 4-8% on the first full day of the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Phone App, Wind Technology Ventures Take Top Prizes In Notre Dame Business Plan Competition

    College alumni sitting in a sports stadium or visiting a new city might wonder if any of their classmates are located nearby. If only they had a way to connect easily. How does alum find, network and connect with other alumni and lost friends in this mobile age? Now there's...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Journalist Says Religious Groups Could Fight Global Warming As They Did Slavery

    A movement to solve what business writer Marc Gunther calls the "Most difficult problem the world has ever had to solve" is not likely to come from government or business, Gunther said today at the University of Notre Dame. It will require institutions that think on a longer time scale....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Notre Dame Teams Take First And Second Place In Nanotech Competition

    A University of Notre Dame entrepreneurial team developing a nanocomposite bone substitute claimed the $30,000 top prize March 25 in the inaugural Nanotechnology New Ventures Competition, sponsored by Purdue University and the University of Notre Dame. Citrics Biomedical, led by Notre Dame graduate A.J. Noronha and Matthew Vaughn, won for...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Quick Reflexes A Necessity For CSR Directors, Speaker Says

    If you want to become a vice president of corporate social responsibility and sustainability, you'd better prepare for "Radical transparency," David Stangis, Campbell Soup's vice president of social responsibility and sustainability, told students at the University of Notre Dame on April 1. Speaking at the Mendoza College of Business, Stangis...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Companies Proudly Describe Their ~Compact~ Achievements At Notre Dame Conference

    Coca-Cola is giving Haitian farmers advice on how to grow mangos for Coke's Odwalla-brand Mango Tango smoothies. Alcoa is bringing potable water, hospitals and schools to an Amazon rain forest community where the company plans to mine bauxite for 80 years. Those are two examples of how signatories to the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    The Great Lakes Drained Dry?

    A satellite image and a statistic haunted a four-day interterm course taught at the University of Notre Dame this spring called The Global Commons: Shifting Planetary Paradigm. The statistic was 2.1 billion gallons. That's the net amount water the Lake Michigan basin is losing per day, according to a report...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Semifinalists Selected For The 2010-2011 Mccloskey Business Plan Competition

    Twelve entrepreneurial teams will have a shot at more than $100,000 in prize money as they advance to the semifinals of the University of Notre Dame's McCloskey Business Plan Competition. These semifinalist teams will pitch their new ventures live before a distinguished panel of judges on April 14. The ventures...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    ND Expert: Ford CEO~s "Epically Large" Pay Package Raises Questions Of Moral Responsibility

    Ford Motor Co. CEO Alan Mulally, who revived the No. 2 automaker after more than $30 billion in losses from 2006 through 2008, received a stock award worth some $55 million and recently earned harsh criticism from UAW President Bob King, who called the pay package "Morally wrong." Mike Mannor,...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Finalists Selected For Inaugural Nanotechnology New Ventures Competition

    Five teams have been selected as finalists for Friday's (March 25) Nanotechnology New Ventures Competition, an inaugural business plan competition led by Purdue University and the University of Notre Dame with prizes totaling $57,000. Presenting teams are Laser Spectroscopy and Citrics Biomedical, which have strong ties to Notre Dame, and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Notre Dame MBA Launches Deep-Dive Microsite; Coffee Challenge Offers Chance At $10,000 MBA Fellowship

    Do you have a great idea for a social responsibility plan for a global coffee company? One that is good enough to catch the attention of company executives and to compete with other MBA prospective students for a $10,000 Notre Dame MBA fellowship plus hundreds in additional prizes? The University...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Notre Dame Coffee Challenge Offers Chance At $10,000 MBA Fellowship

    Do you have a great idea for a social responsibility plan for a global coffee company? One that is good enough to catch the attention of company executives and to compete with other MBA prospective students for a $10,000 Notre Dame MBA fellowship plus hundreds in additional prizes? The University...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Experts Consider Social, Environmental Impact Of Business In The Next Decade

    In the last decade, globalization has made business more powerful than ever, with the combined economic impact of the top corporations outstripping many nation-states. In the coming decade, how will this power impact poverty, education, energy, sustainability and other societal issues in the global community? That question is the central...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Social Entrepreneur Says B Corp. Designation Makes Sustainability A Fiduciary Responsibility

    The United States is transitioning from "Shareholder capitalism" to "Stakeholder capitalism," social entrepreneur Jay Coen Gilbert told an audience at Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business on January 21. Gilbert is a leader of the movement to create so-called "B Corporations" or "Benefit Corporations," which seek to simultaneously make money...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Foresight Course Faculty Members Win IBM Smarter Planet Award

    Imagine a city where all the major elements of the infrastructure - transportation, utilities, technology - operate according to a "Smart" plan, an integrated approach that conserves resources, accommodates growth and optimizes lifestyles. Now consider how you would train today's college students to develop those smart plans for the cities...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Notre Dame Summer Conference Offers Business Training To Catholic Leaders

    For 10 days this summer, leaders of Catholic organizations nationwide will gather at the University of Notre Dame for a program aimed at adding hard business skills to support their missions of service and faith. The leaders include those in Dr. David Suley's service area, which includes 88 of some...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Author And Founder Of Poverty-Relief Venture To Speak At Mendoza College Graduate Commencement

    The founder of an organization dedicated to relieving global poverty through entrepreneurship will be the graduate commencement speaker for the University of Notre Dame Mendoza College of Business. Jacqueline Novogratz is the founder and CEO of the Acumen Fund, nonprofit global venture fund that uses entrepreneurial approaches to solve the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Notre Dame EMBA Retools Curriculum To Focus On Strategic Thinking

    It used to be that only top executives made strategic decisions about the company's operations. With the increasing impact and complexity of global business, that's no longer the case. On a daily basis, leadership at all levels must be able to design and implement resilient, strategic plans that take into...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Deloitte Makes Major Gift To Notre Dame To Advance Ethical Leadership In Business

    The University of Notre Dame has announced a major gift from Deloitte, a leading professional services organization with more than 50,000 professionals in nearly 90 cities throughout the United States and in India. The gift will be used to help establish the Notre Dame/Deloitte Center for Ethical Leadership, a new...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Mendoza College Ranked No. 1 For Ethics In Bloomberg Businessweek Specialty Rankings

    The Mendoza College of Business at the University of Notre Dame earned top 10 rankings in 10 of 14 business specialty categories in the 2011 Bloomberg Businessweek annual ranking of the "Best Undergraduate Business Programs by Specialty," released May 9. The results included a first-place ranking in ethics, a No....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Scholars Say High-Frequency Trading Wasn~t To Blame For Flash Crash

    High-frequency traders - presumed by many to be the villains of the 2010 Flash Crash - found some redemption at a recent conference on financial regulation. One scholar said the algorithm-driven activity actually benefits markets in multiple ways. An economist for a regulatory agency all but absolved high-frequency traders of...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    ND Expert: Hackers Cause Sony Major Financial, Reputational Damage

    Information security expert John D'Arcy, assistant professor of information technology management at the University of Notre Dame, says this week's hacking attack on Sony Corp. is yet another example of the significant information security threat that affects almost all businesses. The group of hackers, which calls itself "LulzSec," posted Sony...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Carolyn Woo Named CEO/President Of Catholic Relief Services

    Carolyn Y. Woo, Martin J. Gillen Dean of the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business, will leave the University to serve as president and CEO of Catholic Relief Services (CRS), effective Jan. 1, 2012. Woo assumed the deanship in 1997 of the Mendoza College, which currently is ranked...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Speaker: Work Shouldn~t Mean Checking Your Values At The Door

    For many people, clocking into the workplace every day means checking their personal passions at the door. Earning a paycheck would seem to have little to do with their values or ideas about what makes life worth living. Mark Albion found himself in that position back in the early 1980s....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Net Impact Founder Says Great Leaders Are Liberators

    When people are asked to think of a leader for the greater good, a name that immediately jumps to mind is Nelson Mandela, the post-apartheid leader of South Africa. But Mandela was, by most accounts, not an especially effective president, said Mark Albion, social entrepreneur and best-selling author of books...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Calvert Funds Chief Sees ~Explosion Of Interest~ In Social Investing

    The offices of the Calvert Social Investment Fund started receiving some unexpected inquiries a few years back, Barbara J. Krumsiek, CEO and president of Calvert Group, Ltd., told an audience at the University of Notre Dame on Jan. 28, 2011. She said companies that didn't pass muster under the fund's...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    ~Heading Off A Cliff~

    From coal-fueled electricity powering homes on the solar-energy-bathed equator to grocery stores in orchard-rich Massachusetts selling apples grown in New Zealand, "We run the most wasteful system of production (that) human beings have ever created," management guru Peter Senge declared in a talk today at the University of Notre Dame's...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Sustainability Awaits True Accountability, Accounting Professor Says

    Notre Dame accountancy professor Bill Nichols says someone once told him, "What you cannot measure you cannot manage, and what you cannot manage you cannot change." That may explain why sustainability concerns have been slow to change the business world. No consensus exists yet about how to measure responsible behavior...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Low Prices, Hidden Costs To Society

    If people paid the "Full cost" for their goods, says Jeffrey Hollender, founder of the Seventh Generation brand of natural household products, "Bad" products would be expensive and "Good" products would be cheap. "Today, it's just the other way around," the entrepreneur and author said in a talk today at...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Notre Dame MBA Virtual Case Competition Names Winners

    A marketing plan that combines a love for coffee, charitable giving and a major coffee company's mission of social responsibility won the Notre Dame MBA Deep Dive Challenge, a virtual case competition sponsored by the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business. The competition, launched online on Jan. 17,...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Monsanto Exec Says Food Production Will Have To Double In The Next 40 Years

    With the world's population expected to increase by a third over the next 40 years, to 9.2 billion people, food production needs to double. The only way to do that is if agriculture can become more efficient, an executive with the global agribusiness company Monsanto said today at Notre Dame....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Conference To Explore U.N. Millennium Development Goals

    In 2000, the United Nations estimated that more than a billion people worldwide lived in extreme poverty, a condition that organization described as "Abject and dehumanizing" - translating into starvation, disease and death. In that same year, 189 world leaders came together at U.N. Headquarters in New York to commit...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Dividend Smoothing And Predictability

    The authors show that, even if dividends are supposed to be predictable without smoothing, dividend smoothing can bury this predictability in a finite sample. They further show that aggregate dividends are dramatically more smoothed in the postwar period than before. Therefore, the lack of dividend growth predictability in the postwar...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Notre Dame Finance Professors Take First Place For Investor Research

    Two University of Notre Dame business professors were awarded first place during an academic competition for their paper that examines how investors search for information. Zhi Da and Pengjie (Paul) Gao, assistant finance professors at the Mendoza College of Business, received the award during the annual competition sponsored by the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    At Work, Cultural Bias Beats Out Good Intentions

    Diana Jimeno-Ingrum, assistant professor of management, joined the faculty at the Mendoza College of Business in October 2008. The native of Lima, Peru, holds a Ph.D. in human resource management and industrial relations from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She conducts research on organizational behavior as well as innovation...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Roundtable Considers Careers In Nonprofit Industry

    Executive leaders from several nonprofit organizations ranging from the arts to education will describe career opportunities and their own job paths during the Third Annual Non-Profit Roundtable at the University of Notre Dame. The event will take place from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Jan. 22 in the Hesburgh...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    ND Expert: What's At Stake In Google's China Decision

    Even as Google debates discontinuing its operations in China, there are larger Internet security issues at stake, says information security expert John D'Arcy, assistant professor of information technology management at the University of Notre Dame. "Aside from potentially leading to Google's withdrawal from China, the country's stance toward censoring Web...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2007

    How Well Will Your Company's Stock Sell?

    The authors present compelling evidence in a paper published in the Journal of Financial Economics that, even after adjusting for size and other factors, stocks of companies located in remote, rural areas have less liquidity than those of urban companies located in the 10 largest U.S. cities. As a result,...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Notre Dame Expert Tim Loughran: Facebook IPO Can Wait

    Facebook's IPO waiting game makes sense from a market standpoint, says Tim Loughran, finance professor at the University of Notre Dame. "If Facebook doesn't need the money at the present moment, and the stock market rises in the next few years, Mark Zuckerberg will have been smart to hold off,"...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Free Trade Research Recognized As ~Top 20 Most-Cited~

    The purpose of a free trade agreement is straightforward: to remove or reduce tariffs, quotas and other non-tariff barriers on goods and services traded between two or more countries. The goal is to enhance the trade among countries in a wider variety of goods and services and where each country...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame