University of Notre Dame

Displaying 1-40 of 207 results

  • White Papers // Jul 2013

    Energy Recovery and Logical Reversibility in Adiabatic CMOS Multiplier

    Reversible logic is a strict requirement for quantum computing, however, overcoming the power challenge of the traditional digital integrated circuits potentially benefits from the associated energy recovery enabled by the reversible computation principles. Overcoming the IC power challenge requires signal energy recovery, which can be achieved utilizing adiabatic charging principles...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Fine-Grained Access Control in the Chirp Distributed File System

    Although the distributed file-system is a widely used technology in local area networks, it has seen less use on the wide area networks that connect clusters, clouds, and grids. One reason for this is access control: existing file-system technologies require either the client machine to be fully trusted, or the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2012

    Applying DDDAS Principles to Command, Control and Mission Planning for UAV Swarms

    Government agencies predict ever-increasing inventories of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Sizes will vary from current manned aircraft scales to miniature, micro, millimeter scales or smaller. Missions for UAVs will increase, especially for the 3-D missions: dull, dirty, and dangerous. As their numbers and missions increase, three important challenges will emerge...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Low Latency Relaying Schemes for Next-Generation Cellular Networks

    The reduction in both user and control plane latency is a major goal for next generation (4G) cellular networks, specifically the Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) standard. At the same time, relay stations, which introduce additional latency into transmissions, are seen as a potential means to improve cell spectral efficiency and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Secondary Access Policies With Imperfect Sensing in Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks

    The authors consider secondary access policies with imperfect sensing in sensing-based dynamic spectrum access networks. Interference caused by both missed detections as well as the primary user's return to the channel during the secondary transmission are explored. They allow arbitrary distributions for the primary ON/OFF intervals and expand each interval...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2012

    Multiaccess Communication in the Finite Blocklength Regime

    Although real-world communication networks employ coding schemes with blocklengths as low as several hundred symbols, classical coding theorems of information theory rely on blocklengths approaching infinity. Following a recent line of work on channel dispersion in the finite blocklength regime, the authors use first- and second-order statistics to characterize low-complexity...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Method for Privacy-Protecting Display and Exchange of Emergency Information on Mobile Devices

    First responders and emergency care providers make life or death decisions with little to no information about patient's medical problems. Access to a person's medical record could greatly improve the medical care they receive. Challenges to proving this information include finding the correct platform and protecting the patient's privacy. Current...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Sensorless Sensing in Wireless Networks: Implementation and Measurements

    Multipath fading and shadowing are usually regarded as negative phenomena hindering proper radio communication. Adopting a completely different stance, this paper illustrates that such phenomena enable information harvesting from received signal strength leading to a number of original applications requiring no conventional sensing hardware. The radio itself, provided that it...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2012

    Swarming Under Perfect Consensus Using Integral Action

    Swarming is a collective behavior in which a group of distinct dynamical agents begin to move as a single entity. Swarming behavior has fascinated those interested in how collective actions can emerge from the selfish behavior of individuals in the group. Early examples may be found in physics and biology....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Dec 2011

    Emergency Response in Smartphone-Based Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

    Today's modern mobile devices (e.g., smartphones and tablets) present great potential for building large-scale mobile sensing and information sharing systems which can be highly beneficial to minimize the fatalities of human lives during emergency response. This paper presents a framework, called BREathing rate MONitoring (BREMON) that allows paramedics to monitor...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Random Power Control in Poisson Networks

    This paper studies power control strategies in interference-limited wireless networks with Poisson distributed nodes. The authors concentrate on two sets of strategies: Single-Node Optimal Power Control (SNOPC) strategies and Nash Equilibrium Power Control (NEPC) strategies. SNOPC strategies maximize the expected throughput of the power controllable link given that all the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Work Queue + Python: A Framework for Scalable Scientific Ensemble Applications

    Even with the increase in the number and variety of computer resources available to research scientists today, it is still challenging to construct scalable distributed applications. To address this issue, the authors developed Work Queue, a flexible master/- worker framework for building large scale scientific ensemble applications that span many...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Converting a High Performance Application to an Elastic Cloud Application

    Over the past decade, high performance applications have embraced parallel programming and computing models. While parallel computing offers advantages such as good utilization of dedicated hardware resources, it also has several drawbacks such as poor fault-tolerance, scalability, and ability to harness available resources during run-time. The advent of cloud computing...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Communications Overhead as the Cost of Constraints

    This paper speculates on a perspective for studying overhead in communication systems that contrasts the traditional viewpoint that overhead is the "Non-data" portion of transmissions. By viewing overhead as the cost of constraints imposed on a system, information-theoretic techniques can be used to obtain fundamental limits on overhead information, and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    On the Use of an Algebraic Language Interface for Waveform Definition

    The authors discuss implementation aspects of a software-defined radio system that allows the user to define waveforms using an algebraic language interface, currently as an extension to C++. Current software-defined radio systems provide waveform definitions through a combination of a graphical interface, markup language, interpreted script, and compiled code. No...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2011

    Seamless Dynamic Runtime Reconfiguration in a Software-Defined Radio

    The authors discuss implementation aspects of a software-defined radio system that allows for dynamic waveform reconfiguration during runtime without interrupting data-flow processing. Traditional software-defined radio systems execute a waveform statically, exactly as it is programmed. Reconfiguration is provided by executing a different waveform, which requires the system to stop processing...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Bounds on Information Propagation Delay in Interference-Limited ALOHA Networks

    In a wireless network the set of transmitting nodes changes frequently because of the MAC scheduler and the traffic load. Analyzing the connectivity of such a network using static graphs would lead to pessimistic performance results. In this paper, the authors consider an ad hoc network with half-duplex radios that...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Path Loss Exponent Estimation in Large Wireless Networks

    In wireless channels, the Path Loss Exponent (PLE) has a strong impact on the quality of the links, and hence, it needs to be accurately estimated for the efficient design and operation of wireless networks. This paper addresses the problem of PLE estimation in large wireless networks, which is relevant...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Interference in Ad Hoc Networks With General Motion-Invariant Node Distributions

    In this paper, the authors derive the tail properties of interference for any stationary and isotropic spatial distribution of transmitting nodes. Previously the properties of interference were known only when the nodes are distributed as a homogeneous Poisson point process on the plane. They show the effect of a singular...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Effect of Network Geometry and Interference on Consensus in Wireless Networks

    The authors study the convergence of the average consensus algorithm in wireless networks in the presence of interference. It is well-known that convergence of the consensus algorithm improves with network connectivity. However, from a networking standpoint, highly connected wireless networks may have lower throughput because of increased interference. This raises...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    On Consensus Over Stochastically Switching Directed Topologies

    The authors consider average consensus algorithms executed over stochastically varying communication topologies that may be unbalanced. It is known that the state values will reach consensus, under fairly weak conditions. However, the consensus value is a random variable. They provide concentration bounds for the distance of the state vector from...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Dynamic Connectivity and Packet Propagation Delay in ALOHA Wireless Networks

    The authors consider an ad hoc network which uses multihop and slotted ALOHA for its MAC contention. They then formulate the minimum time required for a packet to reach the destination from the origin. They define this delay as the minimum time required for a causal path to form between...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    Geometry, Connectivity, and Broadcast Transport Capacity of Random Networks With Fading

    In ad hoc networks with random node distribution, the underlying point process model and the channel fading process are usually considered separately. The authors provide a unified framework for the geometric characterization of fading by incorporating the fading process into the point process model. Concretely, assuming nodes are distributed in...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2011

    On Stability Across a Gaussian Product Channel

    The authors present sufficient conditions for stabilizing a scalar discrete-time LTI plant in the mean squared sense when a sensor transmits the plant state information to a remotely placed controller across a Gaussian product channel. The Gaussian product channel models a continuous-time waveform Gaussian channel, where the encoder transmits information...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Secure and Verifiable Outsourcing of Large-Scale Biometric Computations

    Cloud computing services are becoming prevalent and readily available today, bringing to one economies of scale and making large scale computation feasible. Security and privacy considerations, however, stand on the way of fully utilizing the benefits of such services and architectures. In this paper, the authors address the problem of...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Superposition Coding Strategies: Design and Experimental Evaluation

    The authors design and implement a software-radio system for Superposition Coding (SC), a multiuser transmission scheme that deliberately introduces interference among user signals at the transmitter, using a library of off-the-shelf point-to-point channel codes. They experimentally determine the set of rate-pairs achieved by this transmission scheme under a packet-error constraint....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Achieving Full Security in Privacy-Preserving Data Mining

    "In privacy-preserving data mining, a number of parties would like to jointly learn a function of their private data sets in a way that no information about their inputs, beyond the output itself, is revealed as a result of such computation. The researcher 2010 showed that several popular data mining...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Notre Dame Marketing Professor Recognized With Lifetime Achievement Award

    The author has spent much of his 35-year academic career researching and teaching in the area of ethical concerns in marketing, publishing research papers and books about sustainability and corporate social responsibility as far back as the 1970s. The University of Notre Dame professor recently was honored for his contributions...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    On the Optimal Block Length for Joint Channel and Network Coding

    Channel coding alone is not sufficient to reliably transmit a message of finite length from a source to one or more destinations. To ensure that no data is lost, channel coding on the physical layer needs to be combined with rateless erasure correcting schemes such as Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ)...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Flying Bosses: New Study Highlights Why CEO Pilots Make Good Leaders

    The kind of risk-seeking behavior that motivates certain people to fly personal aircraft may also make them effective corporate leaders, according to a new study co-authored by professors from the University of Notre Dame and the University of Oregon. Merging finance and psychology research to explore the role that genetics...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Research Shows Men Get Ahead For Being "Disagreeable" In The Workplace; Women Don't

    In the workplace they do, according to new research co-authored by University of Notre Dame Management Professor Timothy Judge. The paper shows a strong negative relationship between agreeableness and earnings for men. The more agreeable a man is, the less he will earn. For women, there is essentially no relationship...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Interference and Outage in Mobile Random Networks: Expectation, Distribution, and Correlation

    In mobile networks, distance variations caused by node mobility generate fluctuations in the channel gains. Such fluctuations can be treated as another type of fading besides multi-path effects. In this paper, the interference statistics in mobile random networks are characterized by mapping the distance variations of mobile nodes to the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Notre Dame MBA Joins Fort? Foundation To Support Women In Business

    The University of Notre Dame MBA, a leading graduate business program located in the Mendoza College of Business, has joined Fort? Foundation, a consortium of leading multinational corporations, the Graduate Management Admission Council? (GMAC?) and top global business schools. The Fort? Foundation is the leading organization that provides a national...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Percolation in the Secrecy Graph

    Secrecy graphs model the connectivity of wireless networks under secrecy constraints. Directed edges in the graph are present whenever a node can talk to another node securely in the presence of eavesdroppers. In the case of infinite networks, a critical parameter is the maximum density of eavesdroppers that can be...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    News Corp. Phone Hacking Scandal Now Political

    The author says the phone hacking scandal surrounding Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation has become more of a political story than a business story. "What's been exposed here is the overly-cozy relationship between senior political figures, the metropolitan police and the tabloid press in London," the author says. "The usual forms...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Consider Yourself Ethical? Think Again, Says New Research

    When confronted with an ethical dilemma, most of us like to think we would stand up for our principles. But we are not as ethical as we think we are, according to the author, the Rex and Alice A. Martin Professor of Business Ethics at the University of Notre Dame's...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Executive Education Awards Recognize Corporate Partners, Faculty

    An orthopedic manufacturer, an improve group and a CEO from an investment bank in Puerto Rico were among the diverse group of award recipients during the annual Notre Dame Executive Education awards banquet, held June 14 inside Purcell Pavilion at the Joyce Center at the University of Notre Dame. "The...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Improving Control-Performance Across AWGN Channels Using a Relay Node

    Consider an unstable linear time invariant system in which the sensor transmits information to a controller across an additive white Gaussian noise channel. The designer can optionally utilize a relay node to assist the controller; however the total transmission power consumed by the sensor and the relay node is constant....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Low-Complexity Incremental Use of Multiple Transmitters in Wireless Communication Systems

    In this paper, the authors develop and analyze low-complexity approaches that they call incremental Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (IMIMO) for exploiting multiple antennas for reliable high-rate communications in wireless systems. The proposed schemes leverage consecutive uses of a single transmit antenna combined with Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ) feedback, possibly with multiple receive...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2011

    Service Sharing in Mobile Sensing Systems

    Today's modern mobile devices, (such as smartphones and tablets) present great potential for growth of many novel, powerful, but also highly demanding applications. However, most mobile devices/users operate in isolation from one another, i.e., they are not aware of the presence of other devices in their proximity. There are numerous...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Achieving Full Security in Privacy-Preserving Data Mining

    "In privacy-preserving data mining, a number of parties would like to jointly learn a function of their private data sets in a way that no information about their inputs, beyond the output itself, is revealed as a result of such computation. The researcher 2010 showed that several popular data mining...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Secure and Efficient Protocols for Iris and Fingerprint Identification

    With recent advances in biometric recognition and the increasing use of biometric data in various applications, it is apparent that sensitive biometric data needs to be adequately protected. Biometric images might need to be compared to biometric collections gathered by external entities, where due to privacy considerations neither party is...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    New Generation of Mobile Phone Viruses and Corresponding Countermeasures

    The fast growing market for smart phones coupled with their almost continuous online presence makes these devices the new targets of virus writers. It has been recently found that the topological spread of MMS (Multimedia Message Services) viruses is highly restricted by the underlying fragmentation of the call graph. In...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Experience With BXGrid: A Data Repository and Computing Grid for Biometrics Research

    Research in the field of biometrics depends on the effective management and analysis of many terabytes of digital data. The quality of an experimental result is often highly dependent upon the sheer amount of data marshaled to support it. However, the current state of the art requires researchers to have...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Developing Countries Poised For Economic Supremacy, Expert Says

    Developing countries like Brazil and South Korea - which were economic basket cases as recently as the late 1990s - will lead the world in growth for the next several years. The traditional economic powers - Western Europe, Japan, the United States - are in for stagnation or worse. Western...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    Wall Street Journal Ranks Notre Dame EMBA No. 6

    The Notre Dame Executive MBA program at the Mendoza College of Business earned the No. 6 ranking in The Wall Street Journal's just released "Best Executive MBA Programs 2010." The ranking recognizes the top EMBA programs in the world as rated by graduates and companies. The Mendoza College received especially...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Sep 2010

    EMBA Students Juggle Careers, Family Life

    Executive M.B.A. students are used to juggling the demands of high-octane careers and family life. But add in 20 to 30 hours a week of class work, and that balancing act can become overwhelming. "Even for folks who are very competent and used to long hours, an E.M.B.A. can bring...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • Webcasts // Mar 2011

    Notre Dame Business Dean Leads Tour To China

    In July 2010, University of Notre Dame business school dean Carolyn Y. Woo traveled to Shanghai to address deans of Chinese b-schools about integrating ethics and corporate social responsibility into their curricula. This spring, Woo is leading a group of alumni, faculty and others back to China for a tour...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • Webcasts // Nov 2010

    ~Flat Earth~ Friedman Says Financial Crisis Was A ~Warning Heart Attack~

    When historians look back at the financial crisis of 2007-08, they won't view it as just a financial crisis, New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman told an audience at Notre Dame. Friedman's talk, Nov. 4 in the Leighton Concert Hall of the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center, was a signature event...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Power Allocation in MIMO Wireless Systems Subject to Long-Term, Short-Term, and Per-Antenna Power Constraints

    This paper considers several fading channel models for which the authors aim to maximize ergodic capacity subject to different power constraints assuming that Channel State Information (CSI) is available at both the transmitter and the receiver. This paper characterizes the optimal power allocation structure in the Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO), Multiple-Input-Single-Output (MISO),...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Scaling Up Classifiers to Cloud Computers

    As the size of available datasets has grown from Megabytes to Gigabytes and now into Terabytes, machine learning algorithms and computing infrastructures have continuously evolved in an effort to keep pace. But at large scales, mining for useful patterns still presents challenges in terms of data management as well as...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Towards Long Term Data Quality in a Large Scale Biometrics Experiment

    Quality of data plays a very important role in any scientific research. In this paper the authors present some of the challenges that they face in managing and maintaining data quality for a terabyte scale biometrics repository. They have developed a step by step model to capture, ingest, validate, and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Scheduling Grid Workloads on Multicore Clusters to Minimize Energy and Maximize Performance

    Energy is a significant and growing component of the cost of running a large computing facility. A grid workload consisting of millions of jobs running on thousands of processors may consume millions of kilowatt hours of electricity. However, because a grid workload generally consists of many independent sequential processes, the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Troubleshooting Thousands of Jobs on Production Grids Using Data Mining Techniques

    Large scale production computing grids introduce new challenges in debugging and troubleshooting. A user that submits a workload consisting of tens of thousands of jobs to a grid of thousands of processors has a good chance of receiving thousands of error messages as a result. How can one begin to...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Efficient Access to Many Small Files in a Filesystem for Grid Computing

    Many potential users of grid computing systems have a need to manage large numbers of small files. However, computing and storage grids are generally optimized for the management of large files. As a result, users with small files achieve performance several orders of magnitude worse than possible. Archival tools and...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Cacheable Decentralized Groups for Grid Resource Access Control

    Sharing data among collaborators in widely distributed systems remains a challenge due to limitations with existing methods for defining groups across administrative domain boundaries with various file systems. Groups in traditional systems are bound to particular domains or file systems using centralized storage locations either beyond ordinary users' ability to...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Applying Feedback Control to a Replica Management System

    Many modern storage systems used for large-scale scientific systems are multiple use, independently administrated clusters or grids. A common technique to gain storage reliability over a long period of time is the creation of data replicas on multiple servers, but in the presence of server failures, ongoing corrective action must...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    A Comparison and Critique of Eucalyptus, OpenNebula and Nimbus

    Eucalyptus, OpenNebula and Nimbus are three major open-source cloud-computing software platforms. The overall function of these systems is to manage the provisioning of virtual machines for a cloud providing infrastructure-as-a-service. These various open-source projects provide an important alternative for those who do not wish to use a commercially provided cloud....

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Harnessing Parallelism in Multicore Clusters With the All-Pairs, Wavefront, and Make Flow Abstractions

    Both distributed systems and multicore systems are difficult programming environments. Although the expert programmer may be able to carefully tune these systems to achieve high performance, the non-expert may struggle. The authors argue that high level abstractions are an effective way of making parallel computing accessible to the non-expert. An...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Notre Dame Finance Professors Take First Place For Investor Research

    Two University of Notre Dame business professors were awarded first place during an academic competition for their paper that examines how investors search for information. Zhi Da and Pengjie (Paul) Gao, assistant finance professors at the Mendoza College of Business, received the award during the annual competition sponsored by the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    At Work, Cultural Bias Beats Out Good Intentions

    Diana Jimeno-Ingrum, assistant professor of management, joined the faculty at the Mendoza College of Business in October 2008. The native of Lima, Peru, holds a Ph.D. in human resource management and industrial relations from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She conducts research on organizational behavior as well as innovation...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2010

    Roundtable Considers Careers In Nonprofit Industry

    Executive leaders from several nonprofit organizations ranging from the arts to education will describe career opportunities and their own job paths during the Third Annual Non-Profit Roundtable at the University of Notre Dame. The event will take place from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Jan. 22 in the Hesburgh...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    ND Expert: What's At Stake In Google's China Decision

    Even as Google debates discontinuing its operations in China, there are larger Internet security issues at stake, says information security expert John D'Arcy, assistant professor of information technology management at the University of Notre Dame. "Aside from potentially leading to Google's withdrawal from China, the country's stance toward censoring Web...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jan 2007

    How Well Will Your Company's Stock Sell?

    The authors present compelling evidence in a paper published in the Journal of Financial Economics that, even after adjusting for size and other factors, stocks of companies located in remote, rural areas have less liquidity than those of urban companies located in the 10 largest U.S. cities. As a result,...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Local Investors, Price Discovery, And Market Efficiency

    This paper examines the effect of locally informed investors on market efficiency and stock prices using large power outages, which are exogenous events that constrain trading. Turnover in stocks headquartered in an outage area with 0.5% of U.S. electrical customers drops by 4-8% on the first full day of the...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2009

    Dividend Smoothing And Predictability

    The authors show that, even if dividends are supposed to be predictable without smoothing, dividend smoothing can bury this predictability in a finite sample. They further show that aggregate dividends are dramatically more smoothed in the postwar period than before. Therefore, the lack of dividend growth predictability in the postwar...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Mar 2010

    Notre Dame Expert Tim Loughran: Facebook IPO Can Wait

    Facebook's IPO waiting game makes sense from a market standpoint, says Tim Loughran, finance professor at the University of Notre Dame. "If Facebook doesn't need the money at the present moment, and the stock market rises in the next few years, Mark Zuckerberg will have been smart to hold off,"...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    Free Trade Research Recognized As ~Top 20 Most-Cited~

    The purpose of a free trade agreement is straightforward: to remove or reduce tariffs, quotas and other non-tariff barriers on goods and services traded between two or more countries. The goal is to enhance the trade among countries in a wider variety of goods and services and where each country...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Ann Tenbrunsel: We're Not As Ethical As We Think We Are

    This original study (Woodzicka and LaFrance) conducted in 2001, in which participants were faced with this imagined scenario, revealed that 68 percent predicted that they would refuse to answer such questions; 62 percent predicted that they would ask the interviewer why he was asking or tell him it was inappropriate;...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    ND Management Professor Earns ~Best Paper~ Award For Greenwashing Research

    University of Notre Dame research that examines whether companies that walk the talk when it comes to sustainability initiatives won its authors the prestigious Best Paper Award given by the International Conference of the Decision Sciences Institute (DSI). The research focused on the relationship between "Belief signaling," as indicated by...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Tonia Murphy Wins Outstanding Paper Award For Research On Reneging

    The paper examining the ethical considerations of job reneging won University of Notre Dame Business professor Tonia Hap Murphy the Ralph C. Hoeber Outstanding Article Award from the Academy of Legal Studies in Business (ALSB). The award is given to the most outstanding article from among 14 articles published in...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Why Do Good Firms Lose Their Way?

    Researchers have long argued that the potential costs of getting caught decrease a prominent, high-performing firm's need and desire to engage in illegal activities. However, recent corporate scandals involving prominent companies cast doubt on this claim. Now, Emily Block, assistant professor of management, and colleagues has released a study that...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    New Research: Electronic Medical Records Have Potential To Save Lives, Money, Time

    About a decade ago, the Institute of Medicine released a report that indicated as many as 100,000 people die in hospitals each year as a result of avoidable medical errors, roughly the equivalent of a 747 airliner crashing every four days, all year long. When Corey Angst, assistant professor of...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Circumstantial, But True?

    Government investigations into insider trading took a dramatic turn last fall when the offices of three hedge funds were raided. But a member of the Mendoza's finance faculty has been on the trail of potential illegal insider trading - involving investment banks - for years. In 2007, when Andriy Bodnaruk,...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Notre Dame Launches EReader Study, Creates First Paperless Course

    This has become known as the iPad class, Corey Angst, assistant professor of management at the University of Notre Dame, told his students on their first day of class Aug. 24. "It's actually not. it's 'Project Management.'" A member of Notre Dame's ePublishing Working Group, Angst is debuting the University's...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Goldman Sachs And Business Ethics First Topic Of ND Lecture Series

    In July, Goldman Sachs agreed to pay $550 million to settle federal claims that it misled investors in a subprime mortgage product as the housing market began to collapse. The fine was the largest ever levied by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and it settled at least a portion...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Notre Dame Is No. 1 Producer Of CEOs At Top Financial Firms

    The University of Notre Dame is ranked No. 1 on a list compiled by Bloomberg of undergraduate colleges attended by chief executive officers of the 100 largest U.S. financial firms. Notre Dame educated five of the top 100 CEOs, including James Rohr of PNC Financial Services Group and Debra Cafaro...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Notre Dame To Provide Leadership Development To Hispanic Chamberv

    The Nonprofit Executive Programs (NEP) department at the University of Notre Dame now will provide executive education to the Hispanic business community through a new partnership with the United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (USHCC) Foundation. More than 200 chamber leaders will participate in the year-long program that begins with...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Notre Dame Honored As 'Bright Flame' For Hispanic Community

    The Mendoza College of Business at the University of Notre Dame has been selected as a winner of a 2010 Brillante Award for Excellence in recognition of its work to support the educational advancement and recognition of Hispanics and Hispanic communities across the nation. The National Society of Hispanic MBAs...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame

  • White Papers // Jul 2010

    Profits And Ethics: Notre Dame And U.N. Align Interests During Leaders Summit

    Even as the world economy struggles to recover from recession and the sub-prime mortgage crisis, the United Nations Global Compact Leaders Summit 2010 issued a challenge to corporate leaders to place a central focus on sustainability as they plan operations in the next decade. Several representatives from the Mendoza College...

    Provided By University of Notre Dame