University of Oxford

Displaying 1-40 of 119 results

  • White Papers // Jul 2012

    Software Verification for Weak Memory Via Program Transformation

    Despite multiprocessors implementing weak memory models, verification methods often assume Sequential Consistency (SC), thus may miss bugs due to weak memory. The authors propose a sound transformation of the program to verify, enabling SC tools to perform verification w.r.t. weak memory. They present experiments for a broad variety of models...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // May 2012

    Provenance as a Security Control

    Much has been written about security and provenance. Although both have their own large areas of concern, there is a very significant intersection. One is often brought to bear upon the other, in the study of the security of provenance. The authors discuss through a series of examples how provenance...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2011

    Advances in Probabilistic Model Checking

    Probabilistic model checking is an automated verification method that aims to establish the correctness of probabilistic systems. Probability may arise, for example, due to failures of unreliable components, communication across lossy media, or through the use of randomisation in distributed protocols. Probabilistic model checking enables a range of exhaustive, quantitative...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Rewriting Ontological Queries Into Small Non-recursive Datalog Programs

    This paper is about query rewriting in the context of ontological database access. Query rewriting is an important new optimization technique specific to ontological queries. The essence of query rewriting, as will be explained in more detail below, is to compile a query and an ontological theory (usually formulated in...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    The Political Economy Of Global Financial Liberalisation In Historical Perspective

    This paper is a first attempt to garner the theory and evidence on the political economy of the first wave of financial liberalisation during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, and of its demise after World War I. Not everyone gained from the process of globalisation (of trade, labour, and...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Here's Johnny: A Methodology for Developing Attacker Personas

    The adversarial element is an intrinsic part of the design of secure systems, but the assumptions about attackers and threat is often limited or stereotypical. Although there has been previous work on applying user-centered design on Persona development to build personas for possible attackers, such work is only speculative and...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // May 2011

    User-Centered Information Security Policy Development in a Post-Stuxnet World

    A balanced approach is needed for developing information security policies in Critical National Infrastructure (CNI) contexts. Requirements engineering methods can facilitate such an approach, but these tend to focus on either security at the expense of usability, or vice-versa; it is also uncertain whether existing techniques are useful when the...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Temporal Evolution Of Financial Market Correlations

    The authors investigate financial market correlations using random matrix theory and principal component analysis. They use random matrix theory to demonstrate that correlation matrices of asset price changes contain structure that is incompatible with uncorrelated random price changes. They then identify the principal components of these correlation matrices and demonstrate...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Fiscal Policy Adjustment To Shocks In Commodity-producing Countries

    This paper investigates the optimal fiscal policy adjustment to adverse terms of trade shocks by commodity-producing countries within a general equilibrium model, which allows for explicit distinction between public investment and government consumption. As the private sector has limited room for maneuver in correcting the shock itself, the public sector...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Modelling in Java

    The development of software systems may be facilitated through modeling at different levels of abstraction. Various factors conspire to de-emphasise modeling in a commercial development process, such as pressure to deliver production code and its supporting documentation, the perception that modeling is an unstructured or opaque process, and the propensity...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Discussing Legal Adaptations Perspectives On Studying Migrants' Relationship With Law In The Host Country

    With immigration becoming a structural feature of nearly all industrialized countries, the twentieth century saw a development of a set of theoretical approaches to study the relationship between immigrants and the legal system of the host country. These frameworks - legal assimilation, legal transnationalism, legal pluralism, legal culture - legal...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    The Role Of Internal And International Relative Deprivation In Global Migration

    This paper analyses the role of internal (within-country) and international (bilateral and global) relative deprivation and absolute deprivation in international migration. It is argued that these three forms of relative deprivation need to be simultaneously taken into account in order to advance the theoretical understanding of the complex drivers of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Leaving Matters: The Nature, Evolution And Effects Of Emigration Policies

    Debates on migration policies are strongly focused on immigration control, revealing a general receiving-country bias in migration research. To fill this gap, this paper reviews the nature, evolution and effects of emigration policies. Only a declining number of strong, authoritarian states with closed economies are willing and capable of imposing...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    A Win-Win Monetary Policy In Canada

    The Lucas critique has exposed the problem of the trade-off between changes in monetary policy and structural breaks in economic time series. The search for and characterization of such breaks has been a major econometric task ever since. The authors have developed an integral technique similar to CUSUM using an...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Global Challenges From The Rapid Rise Of China

    Over the last 30 years there has already been a significant power shift to developing world in general and to China in particular. Section A tracks the shift in economic power to China by looking at shares of global GDP in terms of purchasing power parity. Section B provides a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Relocating The Value Chain: Off-Shoring And Agglomeration In The Global Economy

    Fragmentation of stages of the production process is determined by international cost differences and by the benefits of co-location of related stages. The interaction between these forces depends on the technological relationships between these stages. This paper looks at both cost minimising and equilibrium fragmentation under different technological configurations. Reductions...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    A Multi-Period Bank Run Model For Liquidity Risk

    The authors present a new dynamic bank run model for liquidity risk where a financial institution finances its risky assets by a mixture of short- and long-term debt. The financial institution is exposed to liquidity risk as its short-term creditors have the possibility not to renew their funding at a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Comparing The Delegation Of Monetary And Fiscal Policy

    The apparent success of independent central banks in conducting monetary policy has led many to argue that some form of policy delegation should also be applied to the macroeconomic aspects of fiscal policy. A number of countries have recently established Fiscal Councils, although their role is typically to give advice...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Processing-Trade-Cum-FDI, Firm Heterogeneity And Exports Of Indigenous Firms: Firm-level Evidence From Technology-intensive Industries In China

    Using firm-level panel data from China, this paper examines the impact of processing trade-cum-foreign direct investment on the export performances of indigenous firms in technology-intensive industries. It finds that although a few industries have experienced rapid growth over the sample period, so far the indigenous Chinese firms have not built...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    China And The World: Assessment And Prospect Of The ?Post-Crisis? Era

    There have appeared four obvious trends in the present global development: economic globalization, ICT revolution, growing diversification of the world and green industrial revolution. Side by side are two new interactive developments: first, the demand for global public goods (including global security, global ecological environment, measures against global climate change...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Uncanny Partnership In Global Imbalances: China?s Continual Accumulation Of US Treasuries

    The combination of American consumption excess and China's financial extravaganza in accumulating US treasuries has widely been perceived as a major contributor to the global imbalances. The current research examines whether this uncanny partnership can last long by concentrates on the Chinese side of the story, i.e. to what extent...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Open Innovation In China: Policies And Practices

    This paper reviews the evolution of policies and practices concerning open innovation in China. Based on evidence from firm-level case studies, it analyses various practices of open innovation in indigenous Chinese companies. It finds that the Chinese firms have in practice employed a variety of open innovation models since the...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    The Dual Role Of Universities In Industrial Innovation In Emerging Economies: A Comparative Study Of China And The UK

    This paper attempts to investigate the role of universities in industrial innovation in emerging economies using a firm-level survey database from China. It also benchmarks the Chinese pattern against that of the UK. It finds that domestic universities have played a significant role in the promotion of the diffusion of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Firm Selection Into Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment

    The authors characterize how firms select into exporting or foreign direct investment, and how many plants they choose to establish, in a group of foreign countries. They show that, if and only if firms' maximum profits are supermodular in tariffs and production costs, then: the most efficient firms establish a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Financial Development, Financial Instability And Poverty

    This paper investigates how financial development is beneficial to the reduction of poverty, on the one hand by promoting growth and in the other hand directly by the McKinnon conduit effect. At the same time, however, financial instability which accompanies financial development is detrimental to the poor and dampens the...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    What Should Fiscal Councils Do?

    Fiscal councils now exist in a number of countries. This paper first considers the extent of deficit bias, potential explanations for it, and how independent institutions could help reduce it. Are fiscal councils complements to or substitutes for fiscal rules, and why do none at present have any formal control...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Two Requirements for Usable and Secure Software Engineering

    Despite the acknowledged need for systems to be both usable and secure, the authors lack guidance on how developers might build such systems. Based on recent research, they believe evidence exists that blending techniques from security, usability, and software engineering can lead to effective design processes for building such systems....

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Decision Costs In Legislative Bargaining: An Experimental Analysis

    The authors conduct an experiment to assess the effects of different decision rules on the costs of decision making in a multilateral bargaining situation. Specifically, they compare the amount of costly delay observed in an experimental bargaining game under majority and unanimity rule. The main finding is that individual subjects...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    FDI And Export Upgrading

    The debate on trade and growth increasingly focuses on the composition of exports. Exports of more "Sophisticated" products appear to be positively correlated with growth, and upgrading the quality of exports is high on the policy agenda of many countries. This paper presents evidence suggesting that attracting inflows of FDI...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Strategic Thinking

    Most applications of game theory assume equilibrium, justified by presuming that learning will have converged to one; or in settings where that is implausible, that equilibrium approximates people's strategic thinking without learning. Yet recent experimental work suggests that initial responses to many kinds of games deviate systematically from equilibrium, and...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Oligopoly And Trade

    In this chapter the authors present a selective analytic survey of some of the main results of trade under oligopoly. They concentrate on three topics: oligopoly as an independent determinant of trade, as illustrated by the reciprocal-markets model of Brander (1981); oligopoly as an independent rationale for government intervention, as...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    International Cooperation And The Antitrafficking Regime

    States have cooperated on combating trafficking in persons for over a century. Over this period, the focus of countering trafficking in persons has broadened, moving from women exclusively, to include all persons, and from prostitution to nearly all forms of exploitation. As both the definition of groups of trafficked persons...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Privacy for mHealth Presence

    mHealth data provision focuses on providing health services to patients via mobile devices and presence technologies. It has great influence to the healthcare business today, especially in the developing countries. However, the mHealth presence might be sensitive; and it brings potential privacy issues. For controlling what presence information can be...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Transitory Shocks And Long-Term Human Capital Accumulation: The Impact Of ConfliIct On Physical Health In Peru

    The recent literature on human capital highlights the importance of investments during the first few years after birth as a determinant of economic outcomes later in life, including labor productivity. This paper assesses the relationship between conflict exposures a transitory, aggregate, shock and early nutrition. The relationship between conflict exposure...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Effect Of Macroeconomic Shocks On A Small Open Economy With Financial Accelerator: Lessons For Eastern Europe

    This paper considers the effect of four shocks on the economies of the ten Eastern European transitional countries that recently joined the European Union. Each of these shocks stems from the process of integration and financial liberalization that these countries experience as they move from a centrally planned to a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    On Software Verification for Sensor Nodes

    The authors consider software written for networked, wireless sensor nodes, and specialize software verification techniques for standard C programs in order to locate programming errors in sensor applications before the software's deployment on motes. Ensuring the reliability of sensor applications is challenging: low-level, interrupt-driven code runs without memory protection in...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Productivity Analysis In Global Manufacturing Production

    Despite the widely recognised importance of the manufacturing industry for successful development few studies investigate this sector in cross-country analysis. The authors fill this gap in the literature by analysing manufacturing production across a large number of developing and developed economies. The empirical framework allows for heterogeneous production technology and...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Are Women More Sensitive To The Decision-Making Context?

    The authors conduct an experiment to assess gender differences across different economic contexts. Specifically, they test whether women are more sensitive to the decision-making context in situations in which different fairness principles can be used. They find that women adopt more often than men conditional fairness principles that require information...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    A Dissimilarity Index Of Multidimensional Inequality Of Opportunity

    A recent literature on inequality of opportunity offers quantitative tools for comparisons and measurement based on stochastic dominance criteria and traditional inequality indices. In this paper the author suggests an additional way of assessing inequality of opportunity with two indices of dissimilarity across distributions. The indices are based on a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Do Natural Resources Attract FDI? Evidence From Non-stationary Sector-level Data

    A new and extensive panel of outward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) at the sector level is used to estimate the determinants of non-resource and resource FDI. Since FDI is I(1), the authors estimate panel error-correction models of FDI with spatial lags for FDI and market potential. The main result is...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    HepML, an XML-Based Format for Describing Simulated Data in High Energy Physics

    In this paper the authors describe a HepML format and a corresponding C++ library developed for keeping complete description of parton level events in a unified and flexible form. HepML tags contain enough information to understand what kind of physics the simulated events describe and how the events have been...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Oligopoly And Trade

    In this chapter the authors present a selective analytic survey of some of the main results of trade under oligopoly. They concentrate on three topics: oligopoly as an independent determinant of trade, as illustrated by the reciprocal-markets model of Brander (1981); oligopoly as an independent rationale for government intervention, as...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Risk, Asset Markets And Inequality: Evidence From Medieval England

    Between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries English peasants faced large income shocks relative to mean incomes. Innovations in property rights over land induced peasants to respond by trading small parcels of land as part of their risk coping strategy. The same period witnessed a dramatic increase in inequality in the...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    The Price Of Time And Labour Supply: From The Black Death To The Industrious Revolution

    In pre-industrial economies labour supply curves often bend backwards at very low levels of income. This changed prior to the industrial revolution: total working hours increased (De Vries (1993, Voth (1998, 2000). This paper examines this industrious revolution using a model of labour supply where consumption takes time. This analytical...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Are Women More Sensitive To The Decision-Making Context?

    The authors conduct an experiment to assess gender differences across different economic contexts. Specifically, they test whether women are more sensitive to the decision-making context in situations in which different fairness principles can be used. They find that women adopt more often than men conditional fairness principles that require information...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Decision Costs In Legislative Bargaining: An Experimental Analysis

    The authors conduct an experiment to assess the effects of different decision rules on the costs of decision making in a multilateral bargaining situation. Specifically, they compare the amount of costly delay observed in an experimental bargaining game under majority and unanimity rule. The main finding is that individual subjects...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Human Capital And The Quality Of Education In A Poverty Trap Model

    This paper presents a model of a poverty trap that is caused by an unequal initial income and human capital distribution, and differences in the quality of education between children from the more and less advantaged social sectors. Under certain conditions, the economy converges to a situation with three stable...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Avoidance Policies - A New Conceptual Framework

    This paper develops a general theoretical framework within which a heterogeneous group taxpayers confront a market that supplies a variety of schemes for reducing tax liability, and uses this framework to explore the impact of a wide range of anti-avoidance policies. Schemes differ in their legal effectiveness and hence in...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Modelling in Java

    The development of software systems may be facilitated through modeling at different levels of abstraction. Various factors conspire to de-emphasise modeling in a commercial development process, such as pressure to deliver production code and its supporting documentation, the perception that modeling is an unstructured or opaque process, and the propensity...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Science, Technology And Development: Emerging Concepts And Visions

    When discussing Science and Technology for development, it has often been tempting to talk about the radical nature, the paradigm shift, of new scientific breakthroughs or technological inventions which appear to offer new windows of opportunity for economic development and might eradicate at once world poverty, diseases and decades of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Sustainability Of Technology-Intensive Social Innovation: The Role Of Absorptive Capacity, Complementary Assets And Customer Freedom Of Choice

    This paper explores the determinants of the sustainability of technology-intensive social innovation with special emphasis on absorptive capacity and complementary assets. A series of cases studies from India are examined. Findings from the paper show that absorptive capacity and complementary assets can be critical factors of success and sustainability for...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    China?s Development Model: An Alternative Strategy For Technological Catch-Up

    The context in which Chinese firms and, as a nation, China is attempting to catch-up is fundamentally different that that facing earlier latecomers such as Japan and Korea. This paper contrasts these contexts and describes an alternative model of catch-up that can be discerned through an examination of the industries...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Foreign Direct Investment And R&D: Substitutes Or Complements - A Case Of Indian Manufacturing After 1991 Reforms

    One of the objectives of the economic reforms undertaken in India since 1991 was to open the doors for foreign firms to invest in the country. As a result, the last 15 years has witnessed large scale FDI inflows to various industries in the Indian economy. Apart from the direct...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    When A Good Science Base Is Not Enough To Create Competitive Industries: Lock-in And Inertia In Russian Systems Of Innovation

    Despite having a formidable position in terms of domestic R&D activity and a well-developed science and technology infrastructure prior to transition, Russia has failed to create a competitive firm sector. Using systems of innovation approach, the authors argue that institutions are subject to inertia when political and economic regimes were...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    The Global Dimension Off Innovation Systems And Enterprise Upgrading ? Linking Innovation Systems And Global Value Chains

    The paper argues that Innovation Systems (IS) interact with Global Value Chains (GVCs) in multiple ways, and that they influence whether and how developing countries' firms may benefit from entering and interacting within GVCs. The relational proximity created within GVCs cannot replace - but rather interacts - with innovation system....

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    A Comprehensive Model Of Technological Learning: Empirical Research On Chinese Manufacturing Sector

    As the globalization accelerates its pace, made-in-China products have been travelling around the world for the last few decades. But in Chinese firms, their core technologies are still to a large part enslaved to foreign companies. Chinese government suggested Indigenous Innovation Capability as the essential aspect in the process of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Patterns Of Multinationals? Technological Strategies In Emerging Economies: Evidences From Brazil And India

    A key factor behind a country's ability to attract knowledge-based foreign Investment is an institutional context oriented towards innovation. The development of such a context is not an easy task though: it requires not only an advanced domestic knowledge base, but also a policy and a management framework that can...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    FDI Knowledge Spillovers And Product Innovations Of Chinese Firms

    The authors investigate theoretically and empirically the impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on the product innovation activity of Chinese firms. They extend the existing literature by examining a new type of spillover benefit, as well as new mechanisms by which knowledge spillovers occur. Theoretically, they extend the existing FDI...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    ?Path-creating? Capability Accumulation Across Discontinuous Policy Regimes: Findings From Forestry, Pulp And Paper Firms In Brazil

    This paper builds on influential studies of technological catch-up to examine a slightly different kind of "Path-creating" capability accumulation trajectory in latecomer natural resource-processing industries across discontinuous policy regimes. Drawing on multiple-case evidence from 13 forestry, pulp and paper firms in Brazil (1950-2007) the paper found that: Firms' innovation capability...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    Absorptive Capacity And The Benefits From Global Reservoirs Of Knowledge: Evidence From A Linked China-OECD Dataset

    This paper investigates the role of absorptive capacity in the diffusion of global technology with sector and firm heterogeneity. The authors construct the FDI-intensity weighted global R&D stock for each industry and link it to Chinese firm-level panel data relating to 53,981 firms over the period 2001-2005. Non-parametric frontier analysis...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    The Impact Of China?s Exports On Global Manufactures Prices

    This paper analyses the impact of China's exports on the prices of exports from other countries using disaggregated import data in the US, EU and Japan over the 1989-2006 period. Findings from this study suggest that China's exports have affected not just those countries whose competitiveness is largely based on...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2009

    What Drives The Export Sophistication Of Countries?

    This paper analyses the determinants of the export sophistication of countries using a panel of trade and linked country data covering the 1992-2006 period. The results suggest that the export sophistication of countries is enhanced by capital intensity and engagement in knowledge creation and transfer via investment in education, R&D,...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Industrial Upgrading In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Competitive Impact Of China On Supplier Linkage Development Potentials Of Resident Asian Entepreneurs

    Current efforts to explain the implications of China's growing economic attractiveness for development in other regions provide a framework that distinguishes between complimentary and competitive impact. From the perspective of competitive impact analysis its direct trade related manifestation arguably remains the least investigated to date. Focusing on the experience of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2010

    Foreign Direct Investment And Managerial Knowledge Spillovers Through The Diffusion Of Management Practices

    This paper analyses the nature and extent of managerial knowledge spillovers from foreign direct investment through the diffusion of modern management practices and provides the first empirical evidence regarding their size and transmission mechanisms using establishment-level panel data from the UK. The paper finds that there are significant vertical and...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Innovation Performance And Local Embeddedness Of MNE-Subsidiaries: Evidence From Brazil

    This paper examines the innovation performance of MNE subsidiaries and their embeddedness in sources of local knowledge and in a policy framework within the context of an emerging economy. Based on first-hand evidence from multiple case studies the authors found that: There was variability between the subsidiaries in terms of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Oct 2010

    Differential Forms Of Technological Evolution And Catch-Up: Evidence From China

    Based on a categorization of technological change, this paper proposes three patterns of catch-up: incremental, disruptive, and revolutionary. Variations in innovation forms within the three patterns of catch-up are analyzed using Chinese firm-level survey data. The evolution of innovation follows an inverted U-shape in the case of the incremental pattern...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Processing-Trade-Cum-FDI, Firm Heterogeneity And Exports Of Indigenous Firms: Firm-level Evidence From Technology-intensive Industries In China

    Using firm-level panel data from China, this paper examines the impact of processing trade-cum-foreign direct investment on the export performances of indigenous firms in technology-intensive industries. It finds that although a few industries have experienced rapid growth over the sample period, so far the indigenous Chinese firms have not built...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    China And The World: Assessment And Prospect Of The ?Post-Crisis? Era

    There have appeared four obvious trends in the present global development: economic globalization, ICT revolution, growing diversification of the world and green industrial revolution. Side by side are two new interactive developments: first, the demand for global public goods (including global security, global ecological environment, measures against global climate change...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    Global Challenges From The Rapid Rise Of China

    Over the last 30 years there has already been a significant power shift to developing world in general and to China in particular. Section A tracks the shift in economic power to China by looking at shares of global GDP in terms of purchasing power parity. Section B provides a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Uncanny Partnership In Global Imbalances: China?s Continual Accumulation Of US Treasuries

    The combination of American consumption excess and China's financial extravaganza in accumulating US treasuries has widely been perceived as a major contributor to the global imbalances. The current research examines whether this uncanny partnership can last long by concentrates on the Chinese side of the story, i.e. to what extent...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    Open Innovation In China: Policies And Practices

    This paper reviews the evolution of policies and practices concerning open innovation in China. Based on evidence from firm-level case studies, it analyses various practices of open innovation in indigenous Chinese companies. It finds that the Chinese firms have in practice employed a variety of open innovation models since the...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Feb 2011

    The Dual Role Of Universities In Industrial Innovation In Emerging Economies: A Comparative Study Of China And The UK

    This paper attempts to investigate the role of universities in industrial innovation in emerging economies using a firm-level survey database from China. It also benchmarks the Chinese pattern against that of the UK. It finds that domestic universities have played a significant role in the promotion of the diffusion of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Jun 2010

    The Changing Nature Of The "Atmosphere‟ In B2B Relationships

    Much of the change in the nature of the 'Atmosphere' which occurs as organizations interact within networks is determined by the relationships which develop between the organizations' boundary spanners. Nevertheless, the link between the strategies which determine those interactions that are to be pursued and their nature and the subsequent...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    The Involvement And Influence Of Emotions In Business Relationships

    This paper discusses emotions as mediators in business-to-business relationships, an area that is understudied. Within consumer marketing, emotions have been widely studied, and calls have been made for business relationship research to take account of managers' emotions. This paper addresses the gap by firstly establishing the relevance of emotions in...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    International Cooperation And The Antitrafficking Regime

    States have cooperated on combating trafficking in persons for over a century. Over this period, the focus of countering trafficking in persons has broadened, moving from women exclusively, to include all persons, and from prostitution to nearly all forms of exploitation. As both the definition of groups of trafficked persons...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    A Dissimilarity Index Of Multidimensional Inequality Of Opportunity

    A recent literature on inequality of opportunity offers quantitative tools for comparisons and measurement based on stochastic dominance criteria and traditional inequality indices. In this paper the author suggests an additional way of assessing inequality of opportunity with two indices of dissimilarity across distributions. The indices are based on a...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Aug 2009

    Inequality, Interactions, And Human Development

    The Human Development Index, which is multidimensional by construction, is criticized on the ground that it is insensitive to any form of inequality across persons. Inequality in the multidimensional context can take two distinct forms. The first pertains to the spread of the distribution across persons, analogous to unidimensional inequality....

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    Discussing Legal Adaptations Perspectives On Studying Migrants' Relationship With Law In The Host Country

    With immigration becoming a structural feature of nearly all industrialized countries, the twentieth century saw a development of a set of theoretical approaches to study the relationship between immigrants and the legal system of the host country. These frameworks - legal assimilation, legal transnationalism, legal pluralism, legal culture - legal...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Apr 2011

    The Role Of Internal And International Relative Deprivation In Global Migration

    This paper analyses the role of internal (within-country) and international (bilateral and global) relative deprivation and absolute deprivation in international migration. It is argued that these three forms of relative deprivation need to be simultaneously taken into account in order to advance the theoretical understanding of the complex drivers of...

    Provided By University of Oxford

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Intra-Household Tensions And Conflicts Of Interest In Migration Decision Making: A Case Study Of The Todgha Valley, Morocco

    This paper explores the role of intra-household tensions and conflicts of interest in explaining the diverse return and pendulum migration strategies among Moroccan migrants who first migrated to Europe in the 1960s and 1970s. Migration strategies and motivations of migrants and their households are explored through an analysis of survey...

    Provided By University of Oxford