Utrecht University

Displaying 1-17 of 17 results

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Application Possibilities Of The Micro-Meso-Macro Framework In Economic Geography

    The micro-meso-macro approach is an analytical framework to study processes of economic evolution. In economic geography it has been hardly taken up so far. Using the example of spatial implications of corporate processes of adaption and renewal after structural interruptions, this paper shows at a conceptual level how the framework...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Related Variety, Global Connectivity And Institutional Embeddedness: Internet Development In Beijing And Shanghai Compared

    This paper contributes to the Evolutionary Economic Geography literature by employing the conceptualization of 'Related variety' to compare the emerging internet industry in China's two largest city-regions: Beijing and Shanghai. Official website registration records, Alexa internet traffic counts, venture capital investment data and information gathered through interviews with internet entrepreneurs...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    WSCDL to WSBPEL: A Case Study of ATL-Based Transformation

    The ATLAS Transformation Language (ATL) is a hybrid transformation language that combines declarative and imperative programming elements and provides means to define model transformations. Most transformations using ATL reported in the literature show a simplified use of ATL, and often involve a single transformation. However, in more realistic situations, multiple...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Firm Performance Under Financial Constraints And Risks: Recent Evidence From Micro Finance Clients In Tanzania

    Small businesses that active in developing areas frequently report financial constraints as key obstacle. One of the reasons for this is the high risk environment in which these firms operate. Firms that have sufficient access to finance are often more productive. In this paper, the authors are interest in how...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    The Character Of Growth Before 'Modern Economic Growth'? The GDP Of Holland Between 1347 And 1807

    On the basis of a newly constructed dataset of the national accounts of the province of Holland in the period between 1347 and 1800, the authors analyze the pattern of growth in this region, which was one of the most prosperous and dynamic parts of the pre modern European economy....

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Changing Shape Of Global Inequality 1820-2000: Exploring A New Dataset

    A new dataset for estimating the development of global inequality between 1820 and 2000 is presented, based on a large variety of sources and methods for estimating (gross household) income inequality. On this basis, and two sets of benchmarks for estimating between-country inequality (the Maddison 1990 benchmark and the recent...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Entrepreneurship, Structural Change, And Economic Growth

    The ability to adjust to structural change is vital to economic development, and entries can be active participants in this process. While the importance of factor reallocations for growth is widely accepted, the role of entrepreneurs in managing these reallocations is rarely, if ever, mentioned in the empirical growth literature....

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Vulnerability To The Financial Crisis: The Roles Of Firm- And Country-Level Governance Mechanisms In Europe

    The authors examine the combined effects of firm- and country-level governance mechanisms on firm performance during the recent financial crisis for a large sample of 1157 firms from 21 European countries. They analyze whether better developed legal institutions at the country level and with better corporate governance at the firm...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Regional Determinants Of FDI In China: A New Approach With Recent Data

    The authors empirically investigate the factors that drive the uneven regional distribution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows to China's 31 provinces from 1995 to 2006. The aim of this paper is to explain the investment patterns in (partly) foreign funded firms across these provinces. They use factor analysis and...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    A European Study Of E-Business Maturity And ICT Benefits: Is There A Conditional Relationship?

    The present study explores the relationship between the e-business maturity and the perceived benefits from (Information and Communication Technologies) ICT at the firm level. The authors aim to debunk this relationship in terms of its strength and stability, and to explore the conditions which may influence it. Taking an economic...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Mobile Mementos: Expanded Archives, Fragmented Access

    Personal wireless communication devices such as mobile telephones are regularly presented as enabling technologies with emancipating powers, giving instant and ubiquitous access to people and information resources which would not have been as easily - if at all - available previously. The emphasis is often on reaching harmony and agreement...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Managing And Enforcing Compliance With EU Law: The Perspective Of The EU Commission

    Studies on EU policy-making generally disregard the key role played by the Commission as an enforcement agent responsible for the instigation and continuation of infringement cases. Furthermore, the Commission employs both amicable ('Management') and coercive means ('Enforcement') to induce compliance by member states, which are reflected in the different stages...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Early Retirement And Employment Of The Young

    Policy makers have often argued that an additional benefit of facilitating early retirement is that it creates employment for the young. This may happen if older and younger workers are substitutes. Nowadays policy makers' goals are to discourage early retirement to counter the economic consequences of an aging population and,...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    A Sense of Community: A Research Agenda for Software Ecosystems

    Software vendors lack the perspective to develop software within a software ecosystem. The inability to function in a software ecosystem has already led to the demise of many software vendors, leading to loss of competition, intellectual property, and eventually jobs in the software industry. In this paper the authors present...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Unravelling The Complex Motivations Behind China's FDI

    The authors empirically investigate the factors that drive China's outward FDI using dynamic panel methods for 27 countries from 1995 to 2002. Based on the literature review, they test three hypotheses: comparative advantages in low wage countries, vertical integration towards resource and human capital abundant countries, and the transaction-enforcing FDI...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Construct Your Own Favorite Programming Language

    As long as we have computers, we have to have programming languages. It started from FORTRAN in 1958 with which a whole genealogy of language designs can be constructed and one may wonder why computer scientists are not making up their mind to define the definite language which unifies all...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Designing Web Content Management Systems Using the Method Association Approach

    Model-driven web approaches focus on creating robust web applications. There are two downsides to using these model-driven web approaches: they consist of a unique set of models and method and they are aimed at designing web applications from scratch. This paper presents the Method Association Approach, which selects and constructs...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Designing Web Content Management Systems Using the Method Association Approach

    Model-driven web approaches focus on creating robust web applications. There are two downsides to using these model-driven web approaches: they consist of a unique set of models and method and they are aimed at designing web applications from scratch. This paper presents the Method Association Approach, which selects and constructs...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Mobile Mementos: Expanded Archives, Fragmented Access

    Personal wireless communication devices such as mobile telephones are regularly presented as enabling technologies with emancipating powers, giving instant and ubiquitous access to people and information resources which would not have been as easily - if at all - available previously. The emphasis is often on reaching harmony and agreement...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jan 2009

    Construct Your Own Favorite Programming Language

    As long as we have computers, we have to have programming languages. It started from FORTRAN in 1958 with which a whole genealogy of language designs can be constructed and one may wonder why computer scientists are not making up their mind to define the definite language which unifies all...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    A European Study Of E-Business Maturity And ICT Benefits: Is There A Conditional Relationship?

    The present study explores the relationship between the e-business maturity and the perceived benefits from (Information and Communication Technologies) ICT at the firm level. The authors aim to debunk this relationship in terms of its strength and stability, and to explore the conditions which may influence it. Taking an economic...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Apr 2009

    Managing And Enforcing Compliance With EU Law: The Perspective Of The EU Commission

    Studies on EU policy-making generally disregard the key role played by the Commission as an enforcement agent responsible for the instigation and continuation of infringement cases. Furthermore, the Commission employs both amicable ('Management') and coercive means ('Enforcement') to induce compliance by member states, which are reflected in the different stages...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Early Retirement And Employment Of The Young

    Policy makers have often argued that an additional benefit of facilitating early retirement is that it creates employment for the young. This may happen if older and younger workers are substitutes. Nowadays policy makers' goals are to discourage early retirement to counter the economic consequences of an aging population and,...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    The Changing Shape Of Global Inequality 1820-2000: Exploring A New Dataset

    A new dataset for estimating the development of global inequality between 1820 and 2000 is presented, based on a large variety of sources and methods for estimating (gross household) income inequality. On this basis, and two sets of benchmarks for estimating between-country inequality (the Maddison 1990 benchmark and the recent...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Mar 2011

    The Character Of Growth Before 'Modern Economic Growth'? The GDP Of Holland Between 1347 And 1807

    On the basis of a newly constructed dataset of the national accounts of the province of Holland in the period between 1347 and 1800, the authors analyze the pattern of growth in this region, which was one of the most prosperous and dynamic parts of the pre modern European economy....

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    Related Variety, Global Connectivity And Institutional Embeddedness: Internet Development In Beijing And Shanghai Compared

    This paper contributes to the Evolutionary Economic Geography literature by employing the conceptualization of 'Related variety' to compare the emerging internet industry in China's two largest city-regions: Beijing and Shanghai. Official website registration records, Alexa internet traffic counts, venture capital investment data and information gathered through interviews with internet entrepreneurs...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    A Sense of Community: A Research Agenda for Software Ecosystems

    Software vendors lack the perspective to develop software within a software ecosystem. The inability to function in a software ecosystem has already led to the demise of many software vendors, leading to loss of competition, intellectual property, and eventually jobs in the software industry. In this paper the authors present...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Feb 2009

    Unravelling The Complex Motivations Behind China's FDI

    The authors empirically investigate the factors that drive China's outward FDI using dynamic panel methods for 27 countries from 1995 to 2002. Based on the literature review, they test three hypotheses: comparative advantages in low wage countries, vertical integration towards resource and human capital abundant countries, and the transaction-enforcing FDI...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Regional Determinants Of FDI In China: A New Approach With Recent Data

    The authors empirically investigate the factors that drive the uneven regional distribution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows to China's 31 provinces from 1995 to 2006. The aim of this paper is to explain the investment patterns in (partly) foreign funded firms across these provinces. They use factor analysis and...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // May 2010

    Vulnerability To The Financial Crisis: The Roles Of Firm- And Country-Level Governance Mechanisms In Europe

    The authors examine the combined effects of firm- and country-level governance mechanisms on firm performance during the recent financial crisis for a large sample of 1157 firms from 21 European countries. They analyze whether better developed legal institutions at the country level and with better corporate governance at the firm...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // May 2011

    Firm Performance Under Financial Constraints And Risks: Recent Evidence From Micro Finance Clients In Tanzania

    Small businesses that active in developing areas frequently report financial constraints as key obstacle. One of the reasons for this is the high risk environment in which these firms operate. Firms that have sufficient access to finance are often more productive. In this paper, the authors are interest in how...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Aug 2011

    Application Possibilities Of The Micro-Meso-Macro Framework In Economic Geography

    The micro-meso-macro approach is an analytical framework to study processes of economic evolution. In economic geography it has been hardly taken up so far. Using the example of spatial implications of corporate processes of adaption and renewal after structural interruptions, this paper shows at a conceptual level how the framework...

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jan 2011

    Entrepreneurship, Structural Change, And Economic Growth

    The ability to adjust to structural change is vital to economic development, and entries can be active participants in this process. While the importance of factor reallocations for growth is widely accepted, the role of entrepreneurs in managing these reallocations is rarely, if ever, mentioned in the empirical growth literature....

    Provided By Utrecht University

  • White Papers // Jun 2011

    WSCDL to WSBPEL: A Case Study of ATL-Based Transformation

    The ATLAS Transformation Language (ATL) is a hybrid transformation language that combines declarative and imperative programming elements and provides means to define model transformations. Most transformations using ATL reported in the literature show a simplified use of ATL, and often involve a single transformation. However, in more realistic situations, multiple...

    Provided By Utrecht University