World Business Institute

Displaying 1-40 of 49 results

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Effects Of New Zealand General Elections On Stock Market Returns

    This paper examines stock returns under both National and Labor governments in New Zealand, offering further insight into the existence of the political cycle effect. Findings indicate the existence of a political cycle effect in stock returns, consistent with a number of recent studies performed within both Australia and New...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Financial Management Practices: An In-Depth Study Among The CEOs Of Small And Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

    Many of the Small and Medium-scaled Enterprises (SMEs) in Malaysia are still plagued with management problems. These management problems include human resource management, marketing management, operations management, financial management, and strategic management. This paper investigates the financial management components and techniques practiced by the small and medium enterprises in Malaysia....

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Leadership And Management Education: An Analysis Of The Executive Education Experiences Of An Australian Group Of Managers

    This paper reviews the literature on leadership and management education and teaching and learning approaches for leadership and management development. The paper then considers the results of post program interviews from a group of Australian mid level managers 18 months after completion of a leadership and management development program. Themes...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Exchange Rate Gap Effect On Economic Growth In Iran

    This paper examines the effect of exchange rate gap (difference between official and parallel market rates) on economic growth in Iran during 1961-2007 based on the Error Correction Model. The empirical result indicates that, there is a significant long run relationship between exchange rate gap and economic growth. So, adopting...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Evaluating The Features Of Electronic Payment Systems In Iranian Bank Users? View

    This paper is evaluating the specifications of electronic payment systems in the view of Iranian bank users. Reviewing the specifications was done in four substructures such as technical, legal, security and socio-economic. Reviewing this subject for designing and establishing proper electronic payment systems is necessary. This research is measurable. According...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Finances Management System In The Enterprise

    In the article the authors are taking the attempt of analysis of conditioning of the financial operations of the enterprise in the system recognition in small production enterprises. Finances management in the enterprise is a subject of deliberations of many authors. However the problem of considering finances management in the...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Conceptual Model For Culture Impact On Entry Mode And Network Mobility Of Multinational Enterprises

    This paper constructs a 2 x 2 model and propose that when multinational enterprise from high context culture entering into a low context culture country, the better way is to employ a high stock structure option as its entry mode, and bring its home network links into the host country;...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Quantitative Analysis On The Impact Of China-New Zealand FTA On Both Sides? Economies

    Applying GTAP model, this paper makes a computable general equilibrium analysis on the impact of China-New Zealand FTA on both sides' economies from aspects of social welfare and sectoral trade balance. The result indicates that the implement of FTA will make national welfare of both countries to increase, while with...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Trends And Dynamics Of The Determinants Of Investment In Nigeria

    This study analyzes the trends of the determinants of investment within the period 1970-2008. The authors adopt the co integration econometrics method to estimate the dynamics of the variables in the study such as, the real and lagged values of investment, exchange rate and capital performance and the real values...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Quality Management In Small And Medium Enterprises: Experiences From A Developing Country

    The trend towards global market orientation and trade liberalization force SMEs moving to implementation of quality systems. This empirical study aims to explore current implementation of management tools and advanced improvement techniques within some Malaysian SMEs in order to enhance a deeper understanding of quality management within such contexts. Realizing...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Effect Of Research And Development(R & D) Expenditures On Firms Value

    This paper has attempted to examine the effect of Research and Development (R&D) expenditures on firm's value. Criteria that have been considered for firm's value include operational profit, dividend, operational assets, book value and other information. For this purpose the market value of firms which have R&D has been compared...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Technology Strategy By Growth Stage Of Technology-Based Venture Companies

    None of theoretical or empirical researches have succeeded in drawing an effective strategy. This study sheds light on the question of choice between make and buy by renewing the existing growth model from the viewpoint of technology strategy. In the incubation stage, entrepreneurs should acquire technologies as quickly as possible...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Determinants Of Foreign Direct Investment In Malaysia: What Matters Most?

    This paper examines the determinants of foreign direct investment in Malaysia for the period 1970-2008. The causality and dynamic relationships between foreign direct investment (FDI) and its key determinants is identified using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework. The result suggests that among the variables, financial development and economic growth contribute...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Towards Establishing Global Measures For Organizational Task Environment

    This paper suggests an alternative measure for organizational task environment along a favorable-unfavorable continuum relying on the different operationalizations developed by various scholars. The magnitude of technical knowledge and information-processing requirements are the common factors that link the various dimensions of organizational task environment. The more are the dynamism and...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Corruption As Part Of National Culture: The Disconnect Between Values, Ethics And Etiquette

    National culture can influence how actions may be construed as corrupt or not corrupt, due to differences in perceptions and etiquette. An apparent contradiction can be identified in cultures with a strong basic assumptions and values that are linked to religious and social beliefs such as Buddhism, Islam and Confucianism...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Decision Making Method In Seasonal-Domestic-Migration: A Critical Appraisal

    Cost-benefit analysis is one of the most important instruments in the discipline of economics to assess or evaluate any project or plan. It is a fundamental method to analyze human migration decision. The attributes of human socio-economic conditions and geographical spatiality are closely ingrained to the use of cost-benefit analysis....

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Influence Of (Beta) Technology Intensity And Evaluating TCC Using AHP Model In Iran Tractor Manufacturing Company (ITMCO)

    Due to the strategists in business World, the most important strategic consideration in international economic and industrial competition is in managing innovation and technology context. Increasing the competitive advantage of each economic institution needs the increase of technologic content improvement applied in production process of that institution. The present paper...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Relationship Among Brand Personality, Brand Image, And Perceived Service Quality

    This paper is to probe the effect of brand image and brand personality on consumers perceived service quality. A survey was adopted, and the sample size was 500. The result showed that the concept of perceived service quality can be divided into two constructs; one is hardware and institutional perceived...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Export Assistance Programs: Insights from Canadian SMEs

    This paper focuses on the usefulness of the export assistance programs available to Canadian exporting firms. This paper is one of a few studies that examine the usefulness of export assistance programs offered to Canadian exporters by the Canadian government. One conclusion is that these programs, as expected, are not...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Patterns Of Past Monthly Return Performance And Future Price Movements

    In this paper, the author shows that consistency of past price performance is useful in predicting expected stock returns. Prior winners have higher rates of returns in the first year following portfolio formation than past losers. However, over the long run, i.e., years 2 through 5, past losers outperform their...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Exploiting Digital Convergence: IPTV, A New Way Forward For Telecoms?

    In Europe, the transition from analogue terrestrial to digital terrestrial television continues to follow different paths which vary from country to country. Telecom operators are entering the digital TV market, but it is not clear if IPTV will be viable. The complexities and dynamics of the TV market could erase...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Evidence Of Online Shopping: A Consumer Perspective

    Although electronic commerce (e-retailing) has received considerable research attentions these years, little research has examined the effect of e-commerce's Web presentation on retail customer shopping experiences for Jordanian online retail shoppers. The authors found that promotion and security are the most influential factors on consumer purchase decision through internet while...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Towards An Italian Natural Gas Exchange: The Implementation Of The Clearing House Model

    This paper is to simulate the behavior of a natural gas exchange and to assess the impact that the latter has on the price volatility. To this end, the authors adopt the model of the Clearing House, where buy and sell orders are accumulated over time and the market is...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Adoption Of Six Sigma: Review Of Empirical Research

    Organizations are increasingly adopting Six Sigma in a bid to improve the quality of their processes and products, and thus achieve competitive advantage. However, despite the apparent popularity of Six Sigma, very little is known about the extent to which Six Sigma is actually being adopted by organizations. The majority...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Motivations, Success Factors And Problems Encountered By Chinese Women Entrepreneurs: A Factor Analysis

    One hundred and eighty Chinese women entrepreneurs in Beijing, China were randomly selected for the study. Findings show that the main motivations for business ownership are to increase income, to prove their ability, to be independent and to be able to use their past experience and training. Factors contributing to...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Language Of Annual Reports As An Indicator Of The Organizations? Financial Situation

    Annual reports are documents prepared by organizations. These are also one of the most used channels of information disclosure to stakeholders and often used as a promotional tool of the organization itself. This paper presents the study of the language contained in annual reports and their relation with the results,...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Art Of Marketing Village Crafts; Challenges In Applying Quantitative Marketing To Resist Recession

    Marketing in the coming years will be about information, facts and accountability. To sustain current market falls, artisanal industries must line up to master on present-day strategies to explore demand-based market information. Many studies highlight the absence of value-oriented product designs and lament the inability of village crafts to adopt...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Malleable Delphi: Delphi Research Technique, Its Evolution, And Business Applications

    This paper is to characterize the evolution of Delphi Technique from its origin at the Rand Corporation in the 1950's to its use today. The implementation of Delphi methodology has evolved and has been continuously "Reborn" to meet new research challenges. Changes included moving from paper surveys to the use...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Recession Of 2009: The Role Of Small Business In The Recovery

    The current economic downturn has continued to gain momentum and can be expected to reach double digit unemployment before it ends. But the figures reported by the government do not fully represent the unemployment picture, especially when compared to the Great Depression or the Reagan Recession. They do not address...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Probe Into Modes Of International Human Resource Management In Chinese Small And Medium Enterprises

    As a result of the opening and reform of China, Chinese Small and Medium Enterprises (SME's) have become an important force in China's national economy. When Chinese SME's seek international business operations, Human Resources Management (HRM) has a direct impact on international competitiveness of these enterprises. This paper, based on...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Investment, Board Governance And Firm Value: A Panel Data Analysis

    This paper investigates firm valuation effects of investment expenditures in a sample of 361 non-financial Malaysian listed firms over the 2002-2007 periods. The results of the fixed effect regression run on a balanced panel data indicate insignificant impacts of investment and its squared term. Given the low level of investment,...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Application Of CAPM In Measuring Risk And Return For Selected Markets Of Iran's Economy

    Capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is an equilibrium model which uses to show the relationship between the risk and return of an individual asset or portfolio of assets. According to the portfolio theory, investors use diversification in order to reduce unsystematic risk. Efficient portfolios will dominate other investments and each...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Identification Of Factors Affecting Chinese Wine Consumers? Loyalty

    To ensure the relationship of brand, company, and location image with customer loyalty, this paper surveyed Chinese wine consumers by convenience sampling at a Chinese hypermarket in Yenta, China. Factor analysis resulted in four variables; brand image, corporate competitiveness image, corporate social responsibility image, and location image. Regression analysis is...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Solving Online Security Problems For E-Commerce By SiteKey

    Along with the popularity of E-Commerce increasing the online security concerns grow as well. Online crimes such as phishing target more and more customers compromising brands, undermining customer trust in institutions. Online banking is especially affected, and banks are under constant pressure from customers, government, and whole society to take...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Implications Of Deregulations In The Financial Markets, 2008

    Academic literature has provided economic theories explaining the need or lack thereof for regulation of the banking industry. This paper revisits this debate with an analysis of the crisis experienced in the financial markets which peaked in 2008. This paper performs statistical analysis on the relevant financial statement ratios of...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Organizational Values In Public And Business Organizations In Kuwait

    This paper sheds light on main values of public and business organizations in Kuwait. It tests hypotheses concerning significant relationships between values, type of organizations, and variations of values according to demographic characteristics. The paper was administered to a random stratified sample of top and middle civil servants and business...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Performance Of Japanese MNEs In Developed Countries: The Case Of Europe And USA

    In order to be successful in the foreign market, it is vital to companies to have enough resources and flexibility and decide which appropriate mode of entry to use for penetrating the foreign market. The determinant of performance is an area of interest to researchers in the field of international...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2009

    Customer Relationship Management: Strategies And Practices In Selected Banks Of Pakistan

    As economic globalization intensifies competition and creates a climate of constant change, winning and keeping customers has never been more important. Nowadays, Banks have realized that customer relationships are a very important factor for their success. Customer relationship management (CRM) is a strategy that can help them to build long-lasting...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Why Women Should Be Given Equal Consideration For Church Leadership As Men

    As we know men are to serve as "Heads," receiving prominence and giving loving initiative. So it is natural that men might take on leadership roles. And given their general greater physical strength - and given the woman's priority calling as the nurturer of her children (including the commitment in...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Trends In U.S. Common Law: When Is A Non-Compete Agreement An Unreasonable Restraint?

    Courts are increasingly revisiting the reasonableness of the restraint and frequently attempting to define and redefine public policy concerns. Like Connecticut's recent attempt to clarify limitations on these widely held concepts, two other states, California and Florida have successfully passed legislation which requires employers to prove that the employee should...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2009

    Why Women Should Be Given Equal Consideration For Church Leadership As Men

    As we know men are to serve as "Heads," receiving prominence and giving loving initiative. So it is natural that men might take on leadership roles. And given their general greater physical strength - and given the woman's priority calling as the nurturer of her children (including the commitment in...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Trends In U.S. Common Law: When Is A Non-Compete Agreement An Unreasonable Restraint?

    Courts are increasingly revisiting the reasonableness of the restraint and frequently attempting to define and redefine public policy concerns. Like Connecticut's recent attempt to clarify limitations on these widely held concepts, two other states, California and Florida have successfully passed legislation which requires employers to prove that the employee should...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    A Leadership And Management Practice Development Model

    Firstly the paper says about literature review covering the issue of the theory practice divide and the issue of program design specifically adult learning theory issues. It also considers the renewed focus on managerial competence in light of the rise of Emotional Intelligence constructs in management and leadership. The Methodology...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    A Configuration And Contingency Approach To Understanding Export Performance

    This paper outlines configuration and contingency approaches to determine a relationship between an export performance and the "Fit" level of firm's competitive strategy and its context. The research samples are taken from manufacturing firms in East Java. The technique of sampling applied in this research is non probability sampling. The...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    An Overview Of The Influence Of Globalization And Internationalization On Domestic Human Resource Management In New Zealand

    New Zealand organizations have outgrown their geographical boundaries. Globalization and internationalization are demanding that managers adapt new policies and procedures to stay competitive in the global markets. The multiplicity of stakeholders and diverse workforces require new leadership and attitudes for domestic, global and international human resource management. Human resource managers...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Mar 2009

    Views On The Allocation Of Listed Property In A Retirement Fund Portfolio In South Africa

    The purpose of this paper is to present views on the allocation of listed property in a retirement fund portfolio in South Africa. Empirical data is collected by means of a detailed questionnaire which highlights the actual allocation of listed property in the South African retirement fund portfolios, and the...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Financial Statements And Loan Decision In Community Banks

    The loan decision model of community banks is known to differ from loan decision model of large banks. This paper focuses on community banks and examines whether financial statements are important consideration in loan decision and whether level of attestation affects loan officers' perception of the importance of those financial...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Total Productive Maintenance And Performance: A Malaysian SME Experience

    The importance of maintenance has been emphasized especially in the manufacturing environment. The failure of equipments or machines to produce products on time as required can reflect the inefficiency in operations thus, failure to deliver the products to the customers. The objective of TPM is to create an active participation...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Organizational Structure In The Context Of The Development Strategy In Polish Production Companies

    Effective implementation of the strategy developed in a company depends on the structural and procedural capacity of the organization. Change of the strategy implies the necessity of structural transformations; failure to make such transformations may result in disruptions in the company operation. On the other hand, the process of defining...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    Regulation Of Microfinance Institutions In Asia: A Comparative Analysis

    This paper compares the regulatory framework of the Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) in Asia. The authors find formal MFIs are generally regulated under the banking legislation and supervised by central banks. In contrast, semiformal institutions like NGO-MFIs are regulated by either an apex organization or other government body. Informal MFIs...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Sep 2008

    A Study Of How Distributors Provide Postponement Services In The Supply Chain

    This paper is to study the distributor's role in the supply chain. Some studies of Supply Chain Management (SCM) concentrate on how to create a responsive chain that links the manufacturer directly with the retailer to deal with volatile demand. However, the authors discuss the role of the distributor who...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Organizational Values In Public And Business Organizations In Kuwait

    This paper sheds light on main values of public and business organizations in Kuwait. It tests hypotheses concerning significant relationships between values, type of organizations, and variations of values according to demographic characteristics. The paper was administered to a random stratified sample of top and middle civil servants and business...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Aug 2010

    Performance Of Japanese MNEs In Developed Countries: The Case Of Europe And USA

    In order to be successful in the foreign market, it is vital to companies to have enough resources and flexibility and decide which appropriate mode of entry to use for penetrating the foreign market. The determinant of performance is an area of interest to researchers in the field of international...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Effects Of New Zealand General Elections On Stock Market Returns

    This paper examines stock returns under both National and Labor governments in New Zealand, offering further insight into the existence of the political cycle effect. Findings indicate the existence of a political cycle effect in stock returns, consistent with a number of recent studies performed within both Australia and New...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Financial Management Practices: An In-Depth Study Among The CEOs Of Small And Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

    Many of the Small and Medium-scaled Enterprises (SMEs) in Malaysia are still plagued with management problems. These management problems include human resource management, marketing management, operations management, financial management, and strategic management. This paper investigates the financial management components and techniques practiced by the small and medium enterprises in Malaysia....

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Leadership And Management Education: An Analysis Of The Executive Education Experiences Of An Australian Group Of Managers

    This paper reviews the literature on leadership and management education and teaching and learning approaches for leadership and management development. The paper then considers the results of post program interviews from a group of Australian mid level managers 18 months after completion of a leadership and management development program. Themes...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Exchange Rate Gap Effect On Economic Growth In Iran

    This paper examines the effect of exchange rate gap (difference between official and parallel market rates) on economic growth in Iran during 1961-2007 based on the Error Correction Model. The empirical result indicates that, there is a significant long run relationship between exchange rate gap and economic growth. So, adopting...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Evaluating The Features Of Electronic Payment Systems In Iranian Bank Users? View

    This paper is evaluating the specifications of electronic payment systems in the view of Iranian bank users. Reviewing the specifications was done in four substructures such as technical, legal, security and socio-economic. Reviewing this subject for designing and establishing proper electronic payment systems is necessary. This research is measurable. According...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Finances Management System In The Enterprise

    In the article the authors are taking the attempt of analysis of conditioning of the financial operations of the enterprise in the system recognition in small production enterprises. Finances management in the enterprise is a subject of deliberations of many authors. However the problem of considering finances management in the...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    A Conceptual Model For Culture Impact On Entry Mode And Network Mobility Of Multinational Enterprises

    This paper constructs a 2 x 2 model and propose that when multinational enterprise from high context culture entering into a low context culture country, the better way is to employ a high stock structure option as its entry mode, and bring its home network links into the host country;...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Relationship Among Brand Personality, Brand Image, And Perceived Service Quality

    This paper is to probe the effect of brand image and brand personality on consumers perceived service quality. A survey was adopted, and the sample size was 500. The result showed that the concept of perceived service quality can be divided into two constructs; one is hardware and institutional perceived...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Export Assistance Programs: Insights from Canadian SMEs

    This paper focuses on the usefulness of the export assistance programs available to Canadian exporting firms. This paper is one of a few studies that examine the usefulness of export assistance programs offered to Canadian exporters by the Canadian government. One conclusion is that these programs, as expected, are not...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Patterns Of Past Monthly Return Performance And Future Price Movements

    In this paper, the author shows that consistency of past price performance is useful in predicting expected stock returns. Prior winners have higher rates of returns in the first year following portfolio formation than past losers. However, over the long run, i.e., years 2 through 5, past losers outperform their...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Exploiting Digital Convergence: IPTV, A New Way Forward For Telecoms?

    In Europe, the transition from analogue terrestrial to digital terrestrial television continues to follow different paths which vary from country to country. Telecom operators are entering the digital TV market, but it is not clear if IPTV will be viable. The complexities and dynamics of the TV market could erase...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Evidence Of Online Shopping: A Consumer Perspective

    Although electronic commerce (e-retailing) has received considerable research attentions these years, little research has examined the effect of e-commerce's Web presentation on retail customer shopping experiences for Jordanian online retail shoppers. The authors found that promotion and security are the most influential factors on consumer purchase decision through internet while...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Towards An Italian Natural Gas Exchange: The Implementation Of The Clearing House Model

    This paper is to simulate the behavior of a natural gas exchange and to assess the impact that the latter has on the price volatility. To this end, the authors adopt the model of the Clearing House, where buy and sell orders are accumulated over time and the market is...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Adoption Of Six Sigma: Review Of Empirical Research

    Organizations are increasingly adopting Six Sigma in a bid to improve the quality of their processes and products, and thus achieve competitive advantage. However, despite the apparent popularity of Six Sigma, very little is known about the extent to which Six Sigma is actually being adopted by organizations. The majority...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Motivations, Success Factors And Problems Encountered By Chinese Women Entrepreneurs: A Factor Analysis

    One hundred and eighty Chinese women entrepreneurs in Beijing, China were randomly selected for the study. Findings show that the main motivations for business ownership are to increase income, to prove their ability, to be independent and to be able to use their past experience and training. Factors contributing to...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    The Language Of Annual Reports As An Indicator Of The Organizations? Financial Situation

    Annual reports are documents prepared by organizations. These are also one of the most used channels of information disclosure to stakeholders and often used as a promotional tool of the organization itself. This paper presents the study of the language contained in annual reports and their relation with the results,...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Nov 2010

    Art Of Marketing Village Crafts; Challenges In Applying Quantitative Marketing To Resist Recession

    Marketing in the coming years will be about information, facts and accountability. To sustain current market falls, artisanal industries must line up to master on present-day strategies to explore demand-based market information. Many studies highlight the absence of value-oriented product designs and lament the inability of village crafts to adopt...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Quantitative Analysis On The Impact Of China-New Zealand FTA On Both Sides? Economies

    Applying GTAP model, this paper makes a computable general equilibrium analysis on the impact of China-New Zealand FTA on both sides' economies from aspects of social welfare and sectoral trade balance. The result indicates that the implement of FTA will make national welfare of both countries to increase, while with...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Trends And Dynamics Of The Determinants Of Investment In Nigeria

    This study analyzes the trends of the determinants of investment within the period 1970-2008. The authors adopt the co integration econometrics method to estimate the dynamics of the variables in the study such as, the real and lagged values of investment, exchange rate and capital performance and the real values...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Quality Management In Small And Medium Enterprises: Experiences From A Developing Country

    The trend towards global market orientation and trade liberalization force SMEs moving to implementation of quality systems. This empirical study aims to explore current implementation of management tools and advanced improvement techniques within some Malaysian SMEs in order to enhance a deeper understanding of quality management within such contexts. Realizing...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Effect Of Research And Development(R & D) Expenditures On Firms Value

    This paper has attempted to examine the effect of Research and Development (R&D) expenditures on firm's value. Criteria that have been considered for firm's value include operational profit, dividend, operational assets, book value and other information. For this purpose the market value of firms which have R&D has been compared...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Technology Strategy By Growth Stage Of Technology-Based Venture Companies

    None of theoretical or empirical researches have succeeded in drawing an effective strategy. This study sheds light on the question of choice between make and buy by renewing the existing growth model from the viewpoint of technology strategy. In the incubation stage, entrepreneurs should acquire technologies as quickly as possible...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Determinants Of Foreign Direct Investment In Malaysia: What Matters Most?

    This paper examines the determinants of foreign direct investment in Malaysia for the period 1970-2008. The causality and dynamic relationships between foreign direct investment (FDI) and its key determinants is identified using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework. The result suggests that among the variables, financial development and economic growth contribute...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Towards Establishing Global Measures For Organizational Task Environment

    This paper suggests an alternative measure for organizational task environment along a favorable-unfavorable continuum relying on the different operationalizations developed by various scholars. The magnitude of technical knowledge and information-processing requirements are the common factors that link the various dimensions of organizational task environment. The more are the dynamism and...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Corruption As Part Of National Culture: The Disconnect Between Values, Ethics And Etiquette

    National culture can influence how actions may be construed as corrupt or not corrupt, due to differences in perceptions and etiquette. An apparent contradiction can be identified in cultures with a strong basic assumptions and values that are linked to religious and social beliefs such as Buddhism, Islam and Confucianism...

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    Decision Making Method In Seasonal-Domestic-Migration: A Critical Appraisal

    Cost-benefit analysis is one of the most important instruments in the discipline of economics to assess or evaluate any project or plan. It is a fundamental method to analyze human migration decision. The attributes of human socio-economic conditions and geographical spatiality are closely ingrained to the use of cost-benefit analysis....

    Provided By World Business Institute

  • White Papers // Dec 2010

    The Influence Of (Beta) Technology Intensity And Evaluating TCC Using AHP Model In Iran Tractor Manufacturing Company (ITMCO)

    Due to the strategists in business World, the most important strategic consideration in international economic and industrial competition is in managing innovation and technology context. Increasing the competitive advantage of each economic institution needs the increase of technologic content improvement applied in production process of that institution. The present paper...

    Provided By World Business Institute