Date Added: May 2013
Password based schemes has been the standard means of authentication over decades. Enhancements use entities like ownership (something one possess), knowledge (something one knows), and inherence (something one is) as first factor and mobile phones as token less second factor, in combinations, to offer different levels of security assurances, trading off usability. In this paper, the authors present '2CAuth' a new two factor authentication scheme that enhances secure usage of application information and preserves usability, without sacrificing user's privacy. A significant feature of the scheme is that it DOES NOT call for any synchronization between Mobile Network Operator (MNO) and users.