Date Added: Sep 2009
This paper presents a multi-band CMOS VCO using a double-tuned, current-driven transformer load. The dual frequency range oscillator is based on enabling/disabling the driving current in the secondary port of the transformer. This approach eliminates the effect of switches connected directly to the VCO tank whose capacitance and on-resistance affect both the tuning range and the phase noise of a typical multi-band oscillator. The relation between the coupling coefficient of the transformer load, selection of frequency bands, and the resulting quality factor at each band is investigated.